The Shanghai–Nanjing intercity high-speed railway or Huning intercity high-speed railway (simplified Chinese: 沪宁城际铁路; traditional Chinese: 滬寧城際鐵路; pinyin: Hùníng Chéngjì Tiělù) is a 301-kilometre (187 mi) long high-speed rail line between Shanghai and Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu province. Hù and Níng are, respectively, shorthand Chinese names for Shanghai and Nanjing. The Huning intercity high-speed railway largely follows the route of the preexisting Nanjing-Shanghai section of the conventional Beijing–Shanghai Railway and the Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway. Construction of this high-speed railway began in July 2008. The line went into test operations in early April 2010, and opened for full service on July 1, 2010. The line has a design speed of 350 km/h (217 mph). The journey time between the two cities has been shortened from 120 minutes to 73 minutes on non-stop service.
According to the arrangements of related departments, 120 pairs of trains are operating on the line, and the time interval between services is 5 minutes at the shortest.
The railway links major cities in the Yangtze River Delta, including Suzhou, Wuxi, Changzhou, and Zhenjiang, effectively making the southern Jiangsu city-belt operate like a single metropolitan region.
The Shanghai–Nanjing intercity high-speed railway is also used by the majority of high-speed trains leaving Shanghai's terminals for Wuhan, Yichang, Chongqing, and Chengdu thus making it de facto a part of the Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu high-speed railway.
|Shanghai–Nanjing intercity high-speed railway|
A train on Shanghai–Nanjing intercity high-speed railway in Qixia District, Nanjing
|Locale||Shanghai and Jiangsu|
Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station|
Shanghai Railway Station
Nanjing South Railway Station
Nanjing Railway Station
|Daily ridership||180,000 per day (2011)|
Dxxxx (Cross-line train)
|Opened||July 1, 2010|
|Rolling stock||CRH1B CRH1E CRH2A CRH2B CRH2C CRH2E CRH3C CRH380A CRH380B CRH380D|
|Line length||301 kilometres (187 mi) (main line)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Minimum radius||4000 m|
The Shanghai–Nanjing high-speed railway has 21 stations altogether along the way. In both Shanghai and Nanjing, this railway's trains may use either one of two different terminals (Shanghai railway station or Shanghai Hongqiao railway station in Shanghai, and Nanjing Railway Station or Nanjing South Railway Station in Nanjing).
Due to the alignment of the rail line, some stations along it are shared with the "conventional" Beijing–Shanghai Railway (Shanghai Hongqiao, Suzhou, Zhejiang, Nanjing), while three others are shared with the new Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway (Shanghai Hongqiao, Kunshan South, Nanjing South). Due to comparatively frequent spacing of stations on the Shanghai–Nanjing high-speed railway, quite a few of them are situated at locations not served by either of the two other railways.
Partial station list:
|Wuxi New Area||无锡新区|
|Suzhou New District||苏州新区||Suzhou|
|Suzhou Industrial Park||苏州园区|
At Shanghai Hongqiao, some trains arriving from Nanjing continue to the Shanghai–Hangzhou Passenger Railway, providing a one-seat service along the entire Nanjing–Shanghai–Hangzhou line.