One of the founders of the neighborhood was Yoel Moshe Salomon, who also founded Nahalat Shiv'a. The cornerstone was laid by the Ashkenazi chief rabbi of Jerusalem, Rabbi Shmuel Salant, in 1909. Rabbi Salant and Rabbi Naftali Porush established a building fund with donations from abroad to build small apartments for religious Jews in Jerusalem. The first 114 houses were built on long, narrow plots of land with a small yard in front or back.
In recent years, Sha'arei Hesed has become a modern Haredi neighborhood, as old-time Jerusalemites move out. The area is undergoing gentrification, and many homes have been purchased by affluent Orthodox Jewish families from abroad, especially from English-speaking countries. The neighborhood has several yeshivas, among them Maalos Hatorah, Midrash Shmuel and Noam HaTalmud, along with a large number of synagogues.
The 1929 Arab riots in Palestine, or the Buraq Uprising (Arabic: ثورة البراق, Thawrat al-Buraq), also known as the 1929 Massacres, (Hebrew: מאורעות תרפ"ט, Meora'ot Tarpat, lit. Events of 5689 Anno Mundi) refers to a series of demonstrations and riots in late August 1929 when a long-running dispute between Muslims and Jews over access to the Western Wall in Jerusalem escalated into violence.
The riots took the form, in the most part, of attacks by Arabs on Jews accompanied by destruction of Jewish property. During the week of riots from 23 to 29 August, 133 Jews were killed and between 198–241 others were injured, a large majority of whom were unarmed and were murdered in their homes by Arabs, while at least 116 Arabs were killed and at least 232 were injured, mostly by the British police while trying to suppress the riots, although around 20 were killed by Jewish attacks or indiscriminate British gunfire. On the first day of the riots, the British government had enlisted and armed 41 Jewish special constables, 18 Jewish ex-soldiers and a further 60 Jews were issued staves. During the riots, 17 Jewish communities were evacuated.The British-appointed Shaw Commission found that the fundamental cause of the violence "without which in our opinion disturbances either would not have occurred or would not have been little more than a local riot, is the Arab feeling of animosity and hostility towards the Jews consequent upon the disappointment of their political and national aspirations and fear for their economic future,” as well as Arab fears of Jewish immigrants "not only as a menace to their livelihood but as a possible overlord of the future." With respect to the triggering of the riots, the Commission found that the incident which "contributed most to the outbreak was the Jewish demonstration at the Wailing Wall on 15 August 1929".Avraham Sela described the riots as "unprecedented in the history of the Arab-Jewish conflict in Palestine, in duration, geographical scope and direct damage to life and property."Amos Hakham
Amos Hakham (Hebrew: עמוס חכם) (1921 – August 2, 2012) was the first winner of the International Bible Contest, later a prominent Bible scholar and editor of the Da'at Miqra Bible commentary.Chaim Yehuda Leib Auerbach
Chaim Yehuda Leib Auerbach (1883 – 26 September 1954) was a Haredi rabbi and roshei yeshiva of Shaar Hashamayim Yeshiva, a landmark Jerusalem institution specializing in Talmudic and kabbalah studies for Ashkenazi scholars that he helped found in 1906. The yeshiva still exists today. Known for his great love and personal sacrifice for Torah and Torah scholars, Auerbach raised sons who also became great scholars — including his eldest son, Rabbi Shlomo Zalman Auerbach, a preeminent posek of the mid- to late-twentieth century.Downtown Triangle (Jerusalem)
The Downtown Triangle (Hebrew: המשולש, Ha-Meshulash, lit. "The Triangle"; Arabic: مثلث وسط المدينة) is a central commercial and entertainment district in Western Jerusalem. Measuring 29,000 square metres (310,000 sq ft), the area is bounded by Jaffa Road on the north, King George Street on the west, and Ben Yehuda Street on the southeast. Its vertices are the intersections of Jaffa Road and King George Street, King George and Ben Yehuda Streets, and Ben Yehuda Street and Jaffa Road (the latter known as Zion Square).
From the mid-1940s through the 1960s, the Triangle was the commercial and cultural heart of Jerusalem, with many upscale shops and restaurants operated by German-Jewish immigrant businessmen that appealed to an affluent clientele. Following the reunification of Jerusalem in 1967 and the expansion of the city away from the downtown core, the commercial viability of the Triangle declined. The area was revitalized by the conversion of Ben Yehuda Street and the interior streets of the Triangle to an open-air pedestrian mall in 1982. Over the next two decades, outdoor cafes and souvenir shops moved in, cementing the reputation of the Triangle as a popular shopping and entertainment venue for tourists and young Israelis.Ishay Ribo
Ishay Ribo (Hebrew: ישי ריבו, born 1989) is an Israeli singer-songwriter. An Orthodox Jew, he has gained popularity in Israel among Haredi, national-religious, and secular Jewish audiences. He has released four studio albums, two of which have been certified gold and one which went platinum.Israel Segal
Israel Segal (Hebrew: ישראל סגל, 26 May 1944 – September 27, 2007) was an Israeli journalist, author, and longtime political commentator.Kiryat Wolfson
Kiryat Wolfson (Hebrew: קריית וולפסון), also known as Wolfson Towers, is a high-rise apartment complex in western Jerusalem. Comprising five towers ranging from 14 to 17 stories above-ground, the project was Jerusalem's first high-rise development. The project encountered opposition from both municipal officials and the public at each stage of its design and construction. The complex includes 10,000 square feet (930 m2) of commercial space and a medical center. The project was financed by the Edith and Isaac Wolfson Trust.Midrash Shmuel Yeshiva
Midrash Shmuel is a Haredi yeshiva catering to English-speaking students, located in the Sha'arei Hesed neighborhood in Jerusalem, Israel. It was founded in 1993 by Rabbi Binyomin Moskovits who functions as its Rosh HaYeshiva (dean), and was named after his mentor, the late Rabbi Shmuel Rozovsky.Mordechai Gifter
Mordechai Gifter (October 15, 1915 - January 18, 2001) was an American Haredi rabbi. He was the rosh yeshiva (dean) of the Telz Yeshiva in Cleveland, and among the foremost religious leaders of Orthodox Jewry in the late 20th century.
Gifter studied in yeshivas in Lithuania, and held several rabbinical positions in the United States.Rachel Factor
Rachel Factor (born Christine Frances Masave Horii; 1968; Honolulu, Hawaii) is an American Orthodox Jewish singer, dancer, actress, and performing-arts instructor. Before converting to Judaism, she performed with The Rockettes and appeared in several Broadway musicals. Since becoming Jewish, she has performed for all-female audiences in several one-woman shows and has been involved in a number of projects promoting artistic expression among Orthodox women.Re'em Ha'Cohen
Rabbi Re'em HaCohen (born in March 10, 1957 Seventh of Adar (B) H'Tshi"z; in Hebrew: רא"ם הכהן) is an Israeli rabbi and one of the rabbis of the Religious Zionism. HaCohen is the Rosh yeshiva of Yeshivat Otniel (together with Rabbi Binyamin Kalmanzon) and the rabbi of the Israeli settlement, Otniel.Sanhedria Cemetery
Not to be confused with the Tombs of the Sanhedrin.Sanhedria Cemetery (Hebrew: בית עלמין סנהדריה) is a 27-dunam (6.67-acre) Jewish burial ground in the Sanhedria neighborhood of Jerusalem, adjacent to the intersection of Levi Eshkol Boulevard, Shmuel HaNavi Street, and Bar-Ilan Street. Unlike the Mount of Olives and Har HaMenuchot cemeteries that are located on the outer edges of the city, Sanhedria Cemetery is situated in the heart of western Jerusalem, in proximity to residential housing. It is operated under the jurisdiction of the Kehilat Yerushalayim chevra kadisha (burial society) and accepts Jews from all religious communities. As of the 2000s, the cemetery is nearly filled to capacity.Shmuel Auerbach
Hagaon Rabbi Shmuel Auerbach (Hebrew: שמואל אורבך) (September 21, 1931 – February 24, 2018) was a Haredi rabbi in Jerusalem, Israel. Rav Auerbach led a large portion of more radical elements of the non-Hasidic Haredi community. His followers formed a political party known as the Jerusalem Faction. In 2013, as the Israeli government launched a campaign to draft Ultra Orthodox men into the IDF, the Jerusalem Faction adopted a controversial policy of demonstrations and incitement against efforts to draft Haredi men into military service.Shmuel Rozovsky
Rabbi Shmuel Rozovsky (1913–1979) was known as a Talmudic lecturer at the Ponevezh Yeshiva located in Bnei Brak, Israel, and was counted amongst the great rabbis of his generation. He was known worldwide for his clarity in explaining complex Talmud topics.
He was born in Grodno to the town's Chief Rabbi, Rabbi Michel Dovid Rozovsky and Sarah Pearl, daughter of Rav Avraham Gelburd (the previous Rabbi of Grodno ). At a very young age, he began studying under Rabbi Chaim Leib Shmuelevitz in the Yeshiva of Rabbi Shimon Shkop, and eventually became considered one of the principal students of Rabbi Shimon Shkop.
In 1935, after the death of Rav Shmuel's father, Rav Shmuel had to flee to Eretz Yisrael to escape being drafted into the Russian army. There he studied in the Lomzha Yeshivah in Petach Tikvah. In Eretz Yisrael, Rav Shmuel married his wife, the daughter of Rabbi Tzvi Pesach Frank, Chief Rabbi of Jerusalem. Rav Shmuel eventually began to lecture in the Lomzha Yeshiva in Petach Tivkva alongside Rabbi Moshe Shmuel Shapiro and Rabbi Elazar Menachem Shach. In 1944, he was asked by Rabbi Yosef Shlomo Kahaneman to head the newly opened Ponovezh Yeshivah in Bnei Barak. Eventually, Rabbi Dovid Povarsky and Rabbi Elazar Shach also joined as co-Roshei Yeshiva there.
While being treated medically in a hospital in Boston, Rav Shmuel was said to have specifically asked for an audience with Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik.
Despite his strong emphasis on Talmudic skills, Rav Shmuel also stressed personal perfection  and Mussar  as well as the need to study other facets of Torah including Chumash with the commentaries of Rashi and Nachmanides.Sholom Schwadron
Sholom Mordechai Hakohen Schwadron (Hebrew: הרב שלום מרדכי הכהן שבדרון) (1912–21 December 1997) was a Haredi rabbi and orator. He was known as the "Maggid of Jerusalem" for his fiery, inspirational mussar talks. Some of the stories he told about the character and conduct of Torah leaders and tzadikim of previous generations were incorporated in the "Maggid" series of books by Rabbi Paysach Krohn, whom Schwadron mentored.Vilna Gaon
Elijah ben Solomon Zalman, (Hebrew: ר' אליהו בן שלמה זלמן Rabbi Eliyahu ben Shlomo Zalman) known as the Vilna Gaon (Yiddish: דער װילנער גאון, Polish: Gaon z Wilna, Lithuanian: Vilniaus Gaonas) or Elijah of Vilna, or by his Hebrew acronym HaGra ("HaGaon Rabbenu Eliyahu") or Elijah Ben Solomon (Sialiec, April 23, 1720 – Vilnius October 9, 1797), was a Talmudist, halakhist, kabbalist, and the foremost leader of misnagdic (non-hasidic) Jewry of the past few centuries. He is commonly referred to in Hebrew as ha-Gaon he-Chasid mi-Vilna, "the pious genius from Vilnius".Through his annotations and emendations of Talmudic and other texts he became one of the most familiar and influential names in rabbinic study since the Middle Ages, counted by many among the sages known as the Acharonim, and ranked by some with the even more revered Rishonim of the Middle Ages. Large groups of people, including many yeshivas, uphold the set of Jewish customs and rites (minhag), the "minhag ha-Gra", which is named for him, and which is also considered by many to be the prevailing Ashkenazi minhag in Jerusalem.
Born in Sielec in the Brest Litovsk Voivodeship (today Sialiec, Belarus), the Gaon displayed extraordinary talent while still a child. By the time he was twenty years old, rabbis were submitting their most difficult halakhic problems to him for legal rulings. He was a prolific author, writing such works as glosses on the Babylonian Talmud and Shulchan Aruch known as Bi'urei ha-Gra ("Elaborations by the Gra"), a running commentary on the Mishnah, Shenoth Eliyahu ("The Years of Elijah"), and insights on the Pentateuch entitled Adereth Eliyahu ("The Cloak of Elijah"), published by his son. Various Kabbalistic works have commentaries in his name, and he wrote commentaries on the Proverbs and other books of the Tanakh later on in his life. None of his manuscripts were published in his lifetime.
When Hasidic Judaism became influential in his native town, the Vilna Gaon joined the "opposers" or Misnagdim, rabbis and heads of the Polish communities, to curb Hasidic influence. In 1777, one of the first excommunications against the nascent Hasidic movement was launched in Vilna.
He encouraged his students to study natural sciences, and even translated geometry books to Yiddish and Hebrew.Yaakov Moshe Charlap
Rabbi Yaakov Moshe Charlap (Hebrew: יעקב משה חרל"פ, born 16 November 1882, died 6 December 1951) was an Orthodox rabbi, talmudist, kabbalist, Rosh Yeshiva of the Mercaz HaRav yeshiva, and a disciple of Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook.
Charlap served as rabbi of the Sha'arei Hesed neighborhood in central Jerusalem, and author of the Mei Marom series of books on Jewish thought.Yitzchak Shlomo Zilberman
Yitzchok Shlomo Zilberman (Hebrew: יצחק שלמה זילברמן; 30 April 1929 – 13 March 2001) was an Israeli Haredi rabbi and educator, pioneer of the Zilberman Method of Torah study. He founded Yeshivat Aderet Eliyahu, part of a community that follows the path of the Vilna Gaon.
Neighborhoods of Jerusalem