Sevenoaks District

Sevenoaks is a local government district[1] in Kent, England, in the far west of the county. Its council is based in the town of Sevenoaks.

The district was formed on 1 April 1974 by the merger of Sevenoaks Urban District, Sevenoaks Rural District and part of Dartford Rural District.

Sevenoaks

Sevenoaks District
Sevenoaks shown within Kent
Sevenoaks shown within Kent
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth East England
Non-metropolitan countyKent
StatusNon-metropolitan district
Admin HQSevenoaks
Incorporated1 April 1974
Government
 • TypeNon-metropolitan district council
 • BodySevenoaks District Council
 • LeadershipLeader & Cabinet (Conservative)
 • MPsMichael Fallon
Gareth Johnson
Tom Tugendhat
Area
 • Total142.99 sq mi (370.34 km2)
Area rank107th (of 317)
Population
 (mid-2018 est.)
 • Total120,293
 • Rank193rd (of 317)
 • Density840/sq mi (320/km2)
 • Ethnicity
95.2% White
1.5% S.Asians
1.2% Black
1.2% Mixed Race
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
ONS code29UK (ONS)
E07000111 (GSS)
OS grid referenceTQ525555
Websitewww.sevenoaks.gov.uk

Geography

The area is approximately evenly divided between buildings and infrastructure on the one hand and woodland or agricultural fields on the other. It contains the upper valley of the River Darenth and some headwaters of the River Eden.

The vast majority of the district is covered by the Metropolitan Green Belt.

In terms of districts, it borders Dartford to the north, Gravesham to the northeast, Tonbridge and Malling to the east, briefly Tunbridge Wells to the southeast. It also borders two which, equal to it, do not have borough status, the Wealden district of East Sussex to the south and the Tandridge district of Surrey to the southwest. It borders the London Boroughs of Bromley and Bexley to the northwest.

In the 2011 Census, the district had a population of 114,893.[2]

Council

The third tier of government within the district consists of the following town and parish councils:

Housing and architecture

Front view of Hever Castle, Kent
Hever Castle is in Sevenoaks district

The layout of the district is dual-centred:

In all areas low-rise dominates: the incidence of flats exceeding two storeys is rare.

The number of listed buildings in the district exceeds 150. This includes 16 churches listed in the highest grading in the national listing system (Grade I). Castles and English country houses of the wealthiest in society from the 16th to 18th centuries form part of this district.

Examples at Grade I include Knole House, Chartwell, Penshurst Place and Chevening House, most of which have their own produce-selling farms. Older with original stone walls are Hever Castle with its 16 acres (6.5 ha)-wooded island in a listed parkland. A folly exists at Lullingstone Castle which is a reconstruction of its gatehouse and separate modern house.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ District Council website
  2. ^ "2011 Census profile: Age and gender profile (unrounded)" (PDF). Kent County Council. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  3. ^ Hever CastleHistoric England. "Details from listed building database (1273465)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 30 May 2014.

Coordinates: 51°16′12″N 0°11′35″E / 51.270°N 0.193°E

2015 Sevenoaks District Council election

The 2015 Sevenoaks District Council election took place on 7 May 2015 to elect members of the Sevenoaks District Council in England. It was held on the same day as other local elections.

Ash, Sevenoaks District

Ash is a small village located in the Sevenoaks district in Kent. It shares the parish of Ash-cum-Ridley with the nearby village of Ridley. The London Golf Club is located in the village, which hosted the European Open on the PGA European Tour in 2008 and 2009.

Ash and Ridley were formerly separate parishes. Both were part of Dartford Rural District and Axstane Hundred

Chevening, Kent

Chevening is a village and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. It was the location for the world's earliest known organised cricket match.

The parish is located to the north west of Sevenoaks on the southern slopes of the North Downs. The parish is a small one, being 6.5 miles (10.5 km) in length and 1 mile (1.6 km) wide. It has a population of 2,762, increasing to 3,092 at the 2011 Census. Apart from the village the remaining area is rural. Chevening House is located here. The Pilgrims' Way crosses the parish. Close to Chevening, the path of Harold Godwinson's army en route to the Battle of Hastings in 1066, heading south along what is now Chipstead Lane, crosses William the Conqueror's route after the battle towards London along the Pilgrim's Way.

The village of Chevening is also small. It stands on the upper reaches of the River Darent. The village lies very close to the M25 motorway. Its parish church is dedicated to St Botolph.

Chiddingstone Hoath

Chiddingstone Hoath is a hamlet in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. Notable buildings include Hoath House, and Stonewall Park, for some time home of the Meade-Waldo family.

It was visited by Charles Rennie Mackintosh in 1910.

Crockenhill

Crockenhill is a village in the Sevenoaks District Of Kent. It is located south of Swanley and east of Orpington, and lies close

to the border with Greater London.

Edenbridge, Kent

Edenbridge is a town and civil parish in the Sevenoaks district of Kent, England. Its name derives from Old English Eadhelmsbrigge (meaning "Eadhelm's Bridge"). It is located on the Kent /Surrey border on the upper floodplain of the River Medway and gives its name to the latter's tributary, the River Eden. The town has a population of around 9,000.

Farningham

Farningham is a village and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. It is located 3 miles south east of Swanley.

It has a population of 1,314 .

Fawkham

Fawkham is a village and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. The population of the civil parish as of the 2011 census is 578. The main settlement in the parish is Fawkham Green, which is 2 miles (3 km) south of Longfield and 1 mile from Brands Hatch motor racing circuit. The M20 motorway crosses the parish.

Fawkham is 8 miles (13 km) from Gravesend, 8 miles (13 km) from Dartford and 12 miles (20 km) from Sevenoaks. It is on the northern edge of Sevenoaks district, near its border with Dartford district. It was formerly in Dartford Rural District along with the neighbouring parishes. In medieval times the parish was part of Axstane Hundred.

The 12th-century parish church is dedicated to St Mary and is a Grade I listed building. The ecclesiastical parish of Fawkham is part of the united benefice of Fawkham and Hartley.

Longfield railway station was called Fawkham Station until 1961.

Four Elms

Four Elms is a village within the civil parish of Hever in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. The village is located on a crossroads between Edenbridge and Sevenoaks, two miles (3.2 km) northeast of the former place.

The church, part of a united benefice with Hever and Markbeech, is dedicated to St Paul.

The film sound recordist Peter Handford was born here.

Hever, Kent

Hever village is a village and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. The parish is located on the River Eden, a tributary of the River Medway, east of Edenbridge. It is 5 miles (8 km) by 1-mile (1.6 km) in extent, and 3,062 acres (12.39 km2) in area. The parish includes the villages of Four Elms, Hever itself, and Markbeech, and has a population of 1,136, increasing to 1,231 at the 2011 Census.The place-name 'Hever' is first attested in a Saxon charter of 814, where it appears as 'Heanyfre'; the name means 'high edge'.Hever contains Hever Castle, the childhood home of Anne Boleyn, second wife of King Henry VIII.

There are three parish churches, one at each village. All are one united benefice. In the parish church of St Peter is the tomb of Thomas Boleyn, the father of Anne Boleyn and grandfather of Queen Elizabeth I.

Horton Kirby

Horton Kirby is a village in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. It is located on the River Darent, about 4 miles (6.4 km) south-east of Dartford and about 3 miles (4.8 km) east of Swanley, close to the M20 motorway. Together with the nearby village of South Darenth, it forms the Horton Kirby and South Darenth civil parish.

Leigh, Kent

Leigh , historically spelled Lyghe, is a village and a civil parish located in the Sevenoaks district of Kent, England. It is located six miles (10 km) south of Sevenoaks town and three miles (5 km) west of Tonbridge.

There is a large village green; nearby is Hall Place, once Leigh Hall, occasionally open to the public, built in 1876. The parish church (13th century) is dedicated to St Mary.

Markbeech

Markbeech (sometimes styled Mark Beech) is a village in the civil parish of Hever in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. The village is located on the northern ridges of the High Weald, nine miles (13 km) north-west of Tunbridge Wells.

The church, part of a united benefice with Hever and Four Elms, is dedicated to the Holy Trinity. There is a village hall, a pub - The Kentish Horse, and a thriving cricket club.

New Ash Green

New Ash Green is a village in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, located 7.5 miles south west of Gravesend and 10.5 miles north east of Sevenoaks.

Penshurst

Penshurst is a historic village and civil parish located in a valley upon the northern slopes of the Kentish Weald, at the confluence of the River Medway and the River Eden, within the Sevenoaks district of Kent, England.

The village is situated between the market town of Tonbridge and the spa town of Royal Tunbridge Wells, some 6 miles (9.7 km) south of Sevenoaks. Penshurst and its neighbouring village, Fordcombe, recorded a combined population of some 1,628 at the 2011 Census.The majority of the parish falls within the High Weald Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, and the village is itself a conservation zone, with controls on the landscape ensuring the protection of its woodland and fields. There are several listed buildings in the village.

The village is the home of two historic estates. Penshurst Place, formerly owned by King Henry VIII, sits at the centre of the village in the valley, while Swaylands is situated at the top of Rogues Hill on the outskirts of the village.

Sevenoaks

Sevenoaks is a town and civil parish with a population of 29,506 situated south-east of London in western Kent, England. It is served by a commuter main line railway into London. Sevenoaks is 21 miles (34 km) from Charing Cross, the traditional centre of London. It is the principal town of the Sevenoaks district, followed by Swanley and Edenbridge.

A settlement was recorded in the 13th century, when a market was established. Construction of Knole House in the 15th century helped develop the village. Sevenoaks became part of the modern communications network when one of the early turnpikes was opened in the 18th century; the railway was relatively late in reaching it. In the 21st century, it has a large commuting population, although the nearby Fort Halstead defence installation is a major local employer. Located to the south-east of the town is Knole Park, within which lies Knole House.

Educational establishments in the town include the independent Sevenoaks School and Knole Academy.

Sevenoaks District Council elections

Sevenoaks is a non-metropolitan district in Kent, England.

Sundridge, Kent

Sundridge is a village within the civil parish of Sundridge with Ide Hill, in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. The village is located on the A25 road to the east of Westerham. It lies within the Kent Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and within London’s Metropolitan Green Belt. It is approximately 21 miles south of London. Its church is Anglican and dedicated to St Mary.

Westerham

Westerham is a town and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England, located 5 miles (8 km) west of Sevenoaks.

It is recorded as early as the 9th century, and was mentioned in the Domesday Book in a Norman form, Oistreham (compare Ouistreham in Normandy, Oistreham in 1086). Hām is Old English for a village or homestead, and so Westerham means a westerly homestead. The River Darent flows through the town, and formerly powered three watermills.

Towns and villages in the Sevenoaks District, Kent, England
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