Sesuvium portulacastrum

Sesuvium portulacastrum is a sprawling perennial herb that grows in coastal areas throughout much of the world. It is commonly known as shoreline purslane[2] or (ambiguously) "sea purslane," in English, and dampalit in Tagalog.

Sesuvium portulacastrum
Starr 080602-5547 Sesuvium portulacastrum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Aizoaceae
Genus: Sesuvium
Species:
S. portulacastrum
Binomial name
Sesuvium portulacastrum
(L.) L.
Synonyms[1]

Description

Sesuvium portulacastrum is a sprawling perennial herb up to 30 centimetres (12 in) high, with thick, smooth stems up to 1 metre (3.3 ft) long. It has smooth, fleshy, glossy green leaves that are linear or lanceolate, from 10–70 millimetres (0.39–2.76 in) long and 2–15 millimetres (0.079–0.591 in) wide. Flowers are pink or purple.[3][4]

Taxonomy

It was first published as Portulaca portulacastrum by Carl Linnaeus in 1753.[5] Six years later Linnaeus transferred it into Sesuvium,[6] and it has remained at that name ever since, with the exception of an unsuccessful 1891 attempt by Otto Kuntze to transfer the species into a new genus as Halimus portulacastrum.[7]

Distribution and habitat

Sesuvium portulacastrum grows in sandy clay, coastal limestone and sandstone, tidal flats and salt marshes,[4] throughout much of the world. It is native to Africa, Asia, Australia, North America and South America, and has naturalised in many places where it is not indigenous.[8]

Dampalit3jf
Atsara, a Philippine condiment often featuring dampalit

Chemistry and Medicine

Fatty acid composition:- palmitic acid (31.18%), oleic acid (21.15%), linolenic acid (14.18%) linoleic acid (10.63%), myristic acid (6.91%) and behenic acid (2.42%) The plant extract showed antibacterial and anticandidal activities and moderate antifungal activity.[9]

Human consumption

Sesuvium portulacastrum is eaten in the Philippines, where it is called dampalit in Tagalog and "bilang" or "bilangbilang" in the Visayan language[10]. The plant is primarily pickled and eaten as atchara (sweet traditional pickles).

References

  1. ^ The Plant List, Sesuvium portulacastrum (L.) L.
  2. ^ "Sesuvium portulacastrum". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 11 November 2015.
  3. ^ Prescott, A. & Venning, J. (1984). "Aizoaceae". Flora of Australia. 4. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service.
  4. ^ a b "Sesuvium portulacastrum (L.) L." FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.
  5. ^ "Portulaca portulacastrum L." Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government.
  6. ^ "Sesuvium portulacastrum (L.) L." Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government.
  7. ^ "Halimus portulacastrum (L.) Kuntze". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government.
  8. ^ Sesuvium portulacastrum at the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
  9. ^ Chandrasekaran M., Senthilkumar A., Venkatesalu V "Antibacterial and antifungal efficacy of fatty acid methyl esters from the leaves of Sesuvium portulacastrum L. ". European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences. 15 (7) (pp 775-780), 2011.
  10. ^ Jes B. Tirol's Kapulongnan Binisaya-Ininglis/Dictionary Bisaya-English, p. 71, 2010

External links

10th edition of Systema Naturae

The 10th edition of Systema Naturae is a book written by Swedish naturalist Carolus Linnaeus and published in two volumes in 1758 and 1759, which marks the starting point of zoological nomenclature. In it, Linnaeus introduced binomial nomenclature for animals, something he had already done for plants in his 1753 publication of Species Plantarum.

Aizoaceae

The Aizoaceae Martynov, nom. cons. (fig-marigold family) is a large family of dicotyledonous flowering plants containing 135 genera and about 1800 species. They are commonly known as ice plants or carpet weeds. They are often called vygies in South Africa and New Zealand. Highly succulent species that resemble stones are sometimes called mesembs.

Atchara

Atchara (also spelled achara or atsara), is a pickle made from grated unripe papaya popular in the Philippines. This dish is often served as a side dish for fried or grilled foods such as pork barbecue. The name may come from several names for South Asian pickle and is related to acar from neighbouring Indonesia and Malaysia.

Bao Bolong Wetland Reserve

Bao Bolong (also Baobolong, Bao Bolon or Baobolon) Wetland Reserve is a national park in The Gambia. Established in 1996 it covers 220 square kilometres.

The Wetland Reserve is located on the north bank of the River Gambia, approximately 100 km (52 nautical miles) from the river mouth. The name is derived from the Bao Bolon tributary that rises in Senegal and enters the River Gambia. It extends from the River Gambia north to the Senegalese border along the Baobolon tributary.

Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary

Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary and estuary situated in Andhra Pradesh, India.

It is the second largest stretch of mangrove forests in India with 24 mangrove tree species and more than 120 bird species. It is home to the critically endangered white-backed vulture and the long billed vulture.

In a mangrove ecosystem the water bodies of the ocean/sea and the river meet together at a certain point.

Crown Wetlands

The Crown Wetlands lie on Little Cayman, one of the Cayman Islands, a British Overseas Territory in the Caribbean Sea. Collectively they form one of the territory’s Important Bird Areas (IBAs).

Flora of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands

The vascular plant flora of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands consists of approximately 61 species native to the 22 vegetated islands and about 69 introduced species, most of which are confined to the two larger inhabited islands, Home Island and West Island. There are no plant species endemic to the islands, however one variety of Pandanus tectorius is only found growing on these islands. The native vegetation of the two atolls primarily consists of sea-dispersed shoreline plants of the Indo-Pacific region. On the lagoon shoreline, tall shrublands are dominated by Pemphis acidula and Cordia subcordata, often growing in monospecific stands. Closed forest stands are dominated by either Cocos nucifera or Pisonia grandis.Much of the area of the southern islands has been modified for coconut plantations, altering the vegetation from the pre-settlement era. North Keeling, about 25 kilometres (16 mi) to the north, has been protected as part of the Pulu Keeling National Park, where 31 plants can be found, of which about six are introduced or naturalised. About half of the species on the southern atoll are introduced.In a report to Parks Australia in 2002, of the many introduced species on the southern atoll, Chromolaena odorata (Siam weed) was identified as being the greatest threat to the environment. Most of the introduced species are pantropical herbaceous plants likely introduced to the southern atoll after the airfield was built in 1944.

Hungry Bay Nature Reserve

Hungry Bay Nature Reserve is a nature reserve on the east coast of Bermuda. It was established in 1986. It is considered the best example of coastal mangrove swamp on the island. It includes the Hungry Bay area and the largest mangrove coastal swamp in Bermuda. It is protected by a Tree preservation order (T.P.O.) and designated as an official Nature Reserve within the Parks system of Bermuda.

The Hungry Bay Mangrove Swamp Reserve, a wetland site, is one of the seven Ramsar Sites in Bermuda. This designation recognises its international importance as a northerly mangrove swamp, as a habitat for its native crustaceans and as an important destination for migratory birds. Most of the reserve consists of mangrove swamp, while in the southern part there is a small area of saltmarsh. Much damage was done to the site by a storm in 2003 and residents have expressed concern about possible environmental damage resulting from pollution from the village of Seabright.

Laguna de Sayula

Laguna de Sayula ("Sayula Lake") is a lake located in the southern area of Jalisco, about 60 km from Guadalajara. It is located in the municipalities of Sayula, Zacoalco de Torres, Amacueca, Teocuitatlán de Corona, Atoyac and Techaluta de Montenegro.

The lake level has gradually been lowering since 1993 but it still supports a large variety of wildlife.

Laysan honeycreeper

The Laysan honeycreeper or Laysan ʻapapane (Himatione fraithii) was an extinct bird species that was endemic to the island of Laysan in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.

List of mangroves of Sri Lanka

The mangroves of Sri Lanka are a part of the diverse brackish water plant wildlife of Sri Lanka.

Paracas National Reserve

Paracas National Reserve is a protected area located in the region of Ica, Peru and protects desert and marine ecosystems for their conservation and sustainable use. There are also archaeological remains of the Paracas culture inside the reserve.

Portulaca

Portulaca (, purslane) is the type genus of the flowering plant family Portulacaceae, comprising about 40-100 species found in the tropics and warm temperate regions. They are also known as purslanes.

Common purslane (Portulaca oleracea) is widely considered an edible plant, and in some areas it is invasive. Some Portulaca species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the nutmeg (Hadula trifolii).

Purslane can be eaten raw or cooked, and lends itself to salads and lightly stir-fried dishes. When harvested early in the morning, the leaves and tender stems have a pleasant, mildly sour taste due to the overnight accumulation of malic acid, which is produced via CAM photosynthesis. It is relatively easy to grow in more northern climates, including the New England area in the United States; it grows very well in hot and dry summer months: the plant's switch to CAM photosynthesis and nightly malic acid production is a response to drought stress.

Portulaca lutea

Portulaca lutea, the native yellow purslane, is species of Portulaca that is indigenous to all of the main islands of Hawaii except for Kaua'i and is widespread throughout the Pacific Islands.

Purslane

Purslane is a common name for several plants with edible leaves and may refer to:

Portulacaceae, a family of succulent flowering plants, and especially:

Portulaca oleracea, a species of Portulaca eaten as a leaf vegetable, known as summer purslane

Portulaca grandiflora, moss rose, or moss-rose purslane

Claytonia perfoliata, Miner's lettuce or winter purslane

Claytonia sibirica, pink purslane

Halimione portulacoides, sea purslane

Sesuvium portulacastrum, shoreline purslaneThe Spanish name is Verdolaga.

Sea purslane

Sea purslane is a common name for several plants and may refer to:

Halimione portulacoides, in family Amaranthaceae

Honckenya peploides, in family Caryophyllaceae

Sesuvium portulacastrum, in family Aizoaceae

Sesuvium

Sesuvium is a genus of flowering plants in the ice plant family, Aizoaceae. The roughly eight species it contains are commonly known as sea-purslanes.

Songhor Lagoon

The Songor Lagoon is located at 05°45'N 000°30'E on the eastern coast of Ghana, West Africa. The site covers an area of 28,740 hectares, and it is located just outside the major town of Ada and to the west of the Volta River estuary. It was designated as Ramsar wetland site of international importance number 566 on June 22, 1988. In 2011, UNESCO approved the Songor Biosphere Reserve as part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves. Among several other important functions, it acts as habitat and/or breeding ground for several notable species.

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