Sergey Brin

Sergey Mikhaylovich Brin (Russian: Серге́й Миха́йлович Брин; born August 21, 1973) is an American computer scientist and Internet entrepreneur. Together with Larry Page, he co-founded Google. Brin is the president of Google's parent company Alphabet Inc. As of October 2018, Brin is the 13th-richest person in the world, with an estimated net worth of US$50.6 billion.[3]

Brin immigrated to the United States with his family from the Soviet Union at the age of 6. He earned his bachelor's degree at the University of Maryland, College Park, following in his father's and grandfather's footsteps by studying mathematics, as well as computer science. After graduation, he enrolled in Stanford University to acquire a PhD in computer science. There he met Page, with whom he built a web search engine. The program became popular at Stanford, and they suspended their PhD studies to start up Google in Susan Wojcicki's garage in Menlo Park.[4]

Sergey Brin
Sergey Brin cropped
Sergey Brin in 2008
Born
Sergey Mikhaylovich Brin
Серге́й Миха́йлович Брин

August 21, 1973 (age 45)
ResidenceLos Altos, California, U.S.
CitizenshipUnited States (since 1979)
Soviet Union (1973–1979)
Alma materUniversity of Maryland (BS)
Stanford University (MS)
Occupation
Known forCo-founding Google and X
SalaryOne-dollar salary[1]
Net worthUS$50.6 billion (October 2018)[2]
TitlePresident of Alphabet Inc.
Spouse(s)
Anne Wojcicki
(m. 2007; div. 2015)

Early life and education

Brin was born in Moscow in the Soviet Union,[5] to Russian Jewish parents, Eugenia and Mikhail Brin, both graduates of Moscow State University (MSU).[6][7] His father is a mathematics professor at the University of Maryland, and his mother a researcher at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center.[5][8][9]

The Brin family lived in a three-room apartment in central Moscow, which they also shared with Sergey's paternal grandmother.[8] In 1977, after his father returned from a mathematics conference in Warsaw, Poland, Mikhail Brin announced that it was time for the family to emigrate.[8] They formally applied for their exit visa in September 1978, and as a result his father was "promptly fired". For related reasons, his mother had to leave her job. For the next eight months, without any steady income, they were forced to take on temporary jobs as they waited, afraid their request would be denied as it was for many refuseniks. In May 1979, they were granted their official exit visas and were allowed to leave the country.[8]

The Brin family lived in Vienna and Paris while Mikhail Brin secured a teaching position at the University of Maryland with help from Anatole Katok. During this time, the Brin family received support and assistance from the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society. They arrived in the United States on October 25, 1979.[8][10]

Brin attended elementary school at Paint Branch Montessori School in Adelphi, Maryland, but he received further education at home; his father, a professor in the department of mathematics at the University of Maryland, encouraged him to learn mathematics and his family helped him retain his Russian-language skills. He attended Eleanor Roosevelt High School, Greenbelt, Maryland. In September 1990, Brin enrolled in the University of Maryland, where he received his Bachelor of Science from the Department of Computer Science in 1993 with honors in computer science and mathematics at the age of 19, which is part of the University of Maryland College of Computer, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences.[11]

Brin began his graduate study in computer science at Stanford University on a graduate fellowship from the National Science Foundation. In 1993, he interned at Wolfram Research, the developers of Mathematica.[11] As of 2008, he was on leave from his PhD studies at Stanford.[12]

Search engine development

During an orientation for new students at Stanford, he met Larry Page. They seemed to disagree on most subjects. But after spending time together, they "became intellectual soul-mates and close friends". Brin's focus was on developing data mining systems while Page's was in extending "the concept of inferring the importance of a research paper from its citations in other papers".[13] Together, the pair authored a paper titled "The Anatomy of a Large-Scale Hypertextual Web Search Engine".[14]

To convert the backlink data gathered by BackRub's web crawler into a measure of importance for a given web page, Brin and Page developed the PageRank algorithm, and realized that it could be used to build a search engine far superior to existing ones.[15] The new algorithm relied on a new kind of technology that analyzed the relevance of the backlinks that connected one Web page to another, and allowed the number of links and their rank, to determine the rank of the page.[16]

Page+brin by origa
Page and Brin

Combining their ideas, the pair began utilizing Page's dormitory room as a machine laboratory, and extracted spare parts from inexpensive computers to create a device that they used to connect the nascent search engine with Stanford's broadband campus network.[15]

After filling Page's room with equipment, they then converted Brin's dorm room into an office and programming center, where they tested their new search engine designs on the Web. The rapid growth of their project caused Stanford's computing infrastructure to experience problems.[17]

Page and Brin used the former's basic HTML programming skills to set up a simple search page for users, as they did not have a web page developer to create anything visually elaborate. They also began using any computer part they could find to assemble the necessary computing power to handle searches by multiple users. As their search engine grew in popularity among Stanford users, it required additional servers to process the queries. In August 1996, the initial version of Google was made available on the Stanford Web site.[15]

By early 1997, the BackRub page described the state as follows:

Websites interlinking to illustrate PageRank percents
The mathematical website interlinking that the PageRank algorithm facilitates, illustrated by size-percentage correlation of the circles. The algorithm was named after Page himself.
Some Rough Statistics (from August 29th, 1996)
Total indexable HTML urls: 75.2306 Million
Total content downloaded: 207.022 gigabytes
...
BackRub is written in Java and Python and runs on several Sun Ultras and Intel Pentiums running Linux. The primary database is kept on a Sun Ultra series II with 28GB of disk. Scott Hassan and Alan Steremberg have provided a great deal of very talented implementation help. Sergey Brin has also been very involved and deserves many thanks.
- Larry Page page@cs.stanford.edu[18]

BackRub already exhibited the rudimentary functions and characteristics of a search engine: a query input was entered and it provided a list of backlinks ranked by importance. Page recalled: "We realized that we had a querying tool. It gave you a good overall ranking of pages and ordering of follow-up pages."[19] Page said that in mid-1998 they finally realized the further potential of their project: "Pretty soon, we had 10,000 searches a day. And we figured, maybe this is really real."[17]

Some compared Page and Brin's vision to the impact of Johannes Gutenberg, the inventor of modern printing:

In 1440, Johannes Gutenberg introduced Europe to the mechanical printing press, printing Bibles for mass consumption. The technology allowed for books and manuscripts‍—‌originally replicated by hand‍—‌to be printed at a much faster rate, thus spreading knowledge and helping to usher in the European Renaissance ... Google has done a similar job.[20]

The comparison was also noted by the authors of The Google Story: "Not since Gutenberg ... has any new invention empowered individuals, and transformed access to information, as profoundly as Google."[21] Also, not long after the two "cooked up their new engine for web searches, they began thinking about information that was at the time beyond the web," such as digitizing books and expanding health information.[17]

Other interests

Brin is working on other, more personal projects that reach beyond Google. For example, he and Page are trying to help solve the world's energy and climate problems at Google's philanthropic arm, Google.org, which invests in the alternative energy industry to find wider sources of renewable energy. The company acknowledges that its founders want "to solve really big problems using technology".[22]

In October 2010, for example, they invested in a major offshore wind power development to assist the East coast power grid,[23] which will eventually become one of about a dozen offshore wind farms that are proposed for the region.[24] A week earlier they introduced a car that, with "artificial intelligence", can drive itself using video cameras and radar sensors.[22] In the future, drivers of cars with similar sensors would have fewer accidents. These safer vehicles could therefore be built lighter and require less fuel consumption.[25] They are trying to get companies to create innovative solutions to increasing the world's energy supply.[26] He is an investor in Tesla Motors,[27] which has developed the Tesla Roadster (2008), a 244-mile (393 km) range battery electric vehicle as well as the Tesla Model S, a 265-mile (426 km) range battery electric vehicle.

In 2004, he and Page were named "Persons of the Week" by ABC World News Tonight. In January 2005 he was nominated to be one of the World Economic Forum's "Young Global Leaders". In June 2008, Brin invested $4.5 million in Space Adventures, the Virginia-based space tourism company. His investment will serve as a deposit for a reservation on one of Space Adventures' proposed flights in 2011. Space Adventures, the only company that sends tourists to space, has sent five of them so far.[28]

Brin and Page jointly own a customized Boeing 767-200 and a Dornier Alpha Jet,[29] and pay $1.3 million a year to house them and two Gulfstream V jets owned by Google executives at Moffett Federal Airfield. The aircraft have had scientific equipment installed by NASA to allow experimental data to be collected in flight.[30][31]

In 2012, Brin has been involved with the Project Glass program and has demoed eyeglass prototypes. Project Glass is a research and development program by Google to develop an augmented reality head-mounted display (HMD).[32] The intended purpose of Project Glass products would be the hands-free displaying of information currently available to most smartphone users,[33] and allowing for interaction with the Internet via natural language voice commands.[34]

Brin was also involved in the Google driverless car project. In September 2012, at the signing of the California Driverless Vehicle Bill,[35] Brin predicted that within five years, robotic cars will be available to the general public.[36]

Personal life

Sergey Brin, Web 2.0 Conference
Brin in 2005 at the Web 2.0 Conference

In May 2007, Brin married biotech analyst and entrepreneur Anne Wojcicki in the Bahamas.[37][38] They had a son in late 2008 and a daughter in late 2011.[39] In August 2013, it was announced that Brin and his wife were living separately after Brin had an extramarital affair with Google Glass's marketing director.[40][41][42] In June 2015, Brin and Wojcicki finalized their divorce.[43]

Brin's mother, Eugenia, has been diagnosed with Parkinson's disease. In 2008, he decided to make a donation to the University of Maryland School of Medicine, where his mother is being treated.[44]

Brin and Wojcicki, although divorced, still jointly run The Brin Wojcicki Foundation.[45] They have donated extensively to The Michael J. Fox Foundation and in 2009 gave $1 million to support the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society.[10]

Segey Brin is a donor to Democratic Party candidates and organizations, having donated $5,000 to Barack Obama's reelection campaign and $30,800 to the DNC.[46]

Awards and accolades

2002–2009

In 2002, Brin, along with Larry Page, was named the MIT Technology Review TR100, as one of the top 100 innovators in the world under the age of 35.[47] In 2003, both Brin and Page received an honorary MBA from IE Business School "for embodying the entrepreneurial spirit and lending momentum to the creation of new businesses...".[48] In 2004, they received the Marconi Foundation Prize, the "Highest Award in Engineering", and were elected Fellows of the Marconi Foundation at Columbia University. "In announcing their selection, John Jay Iselin, the Foundation's president, congratulated the two men for their invention that has fundamentally changed the way information is retrieved today."

In 2003, Brin and Page were both Award Recipients and National Finalists for the EY Entrepreneur of the Year Award [49]

In 2004, Brin received the Academy of Achievement's Golden Plate Award with Larry Page at a ceremony in Chicago, Illinois.[50]

2009–present

In November 2009, Forbes decided Brin and Page were the fifth most powerful people in the world.[51] Earlier that same year, in February, Brin was inducted into the National Academy of Engineering, which is "among the highest professional distinctions accorded to an engineer ... [and] honors those who have made outstanding contributions to engineering research, practice...". He was selected specifically, "for leadership in development of rapid indexing and retrieval of relevant information from the World Wide Web".[52] In their "Profiles" of Fellows, the National Science Foundation included a number of earlier awards:

he was a featured speaker at the World Economic Forum and the Technology, Entertainment and Design Conference. ... PC Magazine has praised Google in the Top 100 Web Sites and Search Engines (1998) and awarded Google the Technical Excellence Award, for Innovation in Web Application Development in 1999. In 2000, Google earned a Webby Award, a People's Voice Award for technical achievement, and in 2001, was awarded Outstanding Search Service, Best Image Search Engine, Best Design, Most Webmaster Friendly Search Engine, and Best Search Feature at the Search Engine Watch Awards.[53]

As of October 2018, Brin is the 13th-richest person in the world according to Forbes, with an estimated net worth of US$50.5 billion.[3]

Filmography

Year Title Role
2013 The Internship Himself (cameo)

See also

References

  1. ^ "9 top executives with $1 salaries". CNN Money. August 6, 2013. Retrieved August 11, 2015.
  2. ^ "Profile Sergey Brin". Forbes.
  3. ^ a b "Sergey Brin profile". Forbes. Retrieved January 24, 2018.
  4. ^ "Larry Page and Sergey Brin paid $1,700 a month to rent the garage where Google was born". Business Insider. Business Insider. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Sergey Brin". NNDB. Retrieved January 7, 2010.
  6. ^ "Dominic Lawson: More migrants please, especially the clever ones", The Independent, October 11, 2011.
  7. ^ Brin, Michael; Brin, Eugenia (November 25, 2012). Freedom 25: Sergey Brin Joined the March Long Before Founding Google (Podcast). Freedom 25. Retrieved February 24, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e Malseed, Mark (February 2007). "The Story of Sergey Brin". Moment Magazine. Archived from the original on January 21, 2013.
  9. ^ Smale, Will (April 30, 2004). Profile: The Google founders, BBC News; retrieved January 7, 2010.
  10. ^ a b Strom, Stephanie (October 24, 2009). "Billionaire Aids Charity That Aided Him". The New York Times.
  11. ^ a b Brin, Sergey (January 7, 1997). "Resume". Retrieved March 9, 2008.
  12. ^ "Sergey Brin: Executive Profile & Biography". Business Week. Retrieved March 9, 2008. He is currently on leave from the PhD program in computer science at Stanford university...
  13. ^ "Enlightenment Man". The Economist. December 6, 2008.
  14. ^ Brin, S.; Page, L. (1998). "The anatomy of a large-scale hypertextual Web search engine" (PDF). Computer Networks and ISDN Systems. 30 (1–7): 107–17. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.115.5930. doi:10.1016/S0169-7552(98)00110-X. ISSN 0169-7552.
  15. ^ a b c John Battelle (August 13, 2005). "The Birth of Google". Wired. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  16. ^ Moschovitis Group. The Internet: A Historical Encyclopedia, ABC-CLIO, 2005.
  17. ^ a b c "Enlightenment man". The Economist. 4 December 2008. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  18. ^ Downloaded 11 – February 2009. Backrub.c63.be. Retrieved on May 29, 2011 Archived June 13, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ "Wired 13.08: The Birth of Google". wired.com. August 2005.
  20. ^ "Google the Gutenberg". Information Technology. October 1, 2009
  21. ^ Vise, David, and Malseed, Mark. The Google Story, Delta Publ. (2006)
  22. ^ a b "Cars and Wind: What's next for Google as it pushes beyond the Web?" Washington Post, October 12, 2010
  23. ^ "The wind cries transmission" Official Google Blog, October 11, 2010
  24. ^ "Google joins $5 billion U.S. offshore wind grid project" Reuters October 12, 2010
  25. ^ Markoff, John. "Google Cars Drive Themselves, in Traffic", New York Times, October 9, 2010
  26. ^ Guynn, Jessica (September 17, 2008). "Google's Schmidt, Page and Brin hold court at Zeitgeist". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 7, 2010.
  27. ^ "Brin & Page invest in Tesla Motors". eweek.
  28. ^ Schwartz, John (June 11, 2008). "Google Co-Founder Books a Space Flight". The New York Times. Retrieved June 11, 2008.
  29. ^ Helft, Miguel (October 23, 2008). "Dornier Alpha Jet for Google's Founders". New York Times.
  30. ^ Helft, Miguel (September 13, 2007). "Google Founders' Ultimate Perk: A NASA Runway". The New York Times. Retrieved September 13, 2007.
  31. ^ Kopytoff, Verne (September 13, 2007). "Google founders pay NASA $1.3 million to land at Moffett Airfield". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved September 13, 2007.
  32. ^ Goldman, David (April 4, 2012). "Google unveils 'Project Glass' virtual-reality glasses". Money. CNN.
  33. ^ Albanesius, Chloe (April 4, 2012). "Google 'Project Glass' Replaces the Smartphone With Glasses". PC Magazine.
  34. ^ Hubbard, Amy (April 6, 2012). "Sergey Brin wears Project Glass; Google specs spur fear, punch lines". LA Times. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
  35. ^ "California Legislature Approves Driverless Vehicle Bill – Senator Padilla's Legislation Establishes Performance and Safety Standards | Senator Alex Padilla". sd20.senate.ca.gov. Archived from the original on September 29, 2012. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
  36. ^ "Google's Sergey Brin: You'll ride in robot cars within 5 years | Cutting Edge – CNET News". CNET News. San Francisco: CBS. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
  37. ^ Argetsinger, Amy; Roberts, Roxanne (May 13, 2007). "Amy Argetsinger and Roxanne Roberts – Oprah Winfrey's Degrees of Communication at Howard". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 20, 2007.
  38. ^ "Anne Wojcicki Marries the Richest Bachelor". Cosmetic Makovers. Archived from the original on October 28, 2007. Retrieved October 20, 2007.
  39. ^ "The Way I Work: Anne Wojcicki, 23andMe". Inc.com. 2012-05-29.
  40. ^ Liz Gannes, "Google Co-Founder Sergey Brin and 23andMe Co-Founder Anne Wojcicki Have Split", All Things Digital, August 28, 2013
  41. ^ Alan Farnham, "Google: Men Apparently Do Make Passes At Girls Who Wear Glasses", ABC News, September 3, 2013.
  42. ^ Grigoriadis, Vanessa. "Sergey Brin and Amanda Rosenberg: Inside the Google Co-Founder's Romance with the Google Glass Marketing Manager". Vanities.
  43. ^ Grigoriadis, Vanessa. "Sergey Brin and Amanda Rosenberg: Inside the Google Co-Founder's Romance with the Google Glass Marketing Manager". Vanities. Retrieved 2018-08-10.
  44. ^ Helft, Miguel (September 19, 2008). "Google Co-Founder Has Genetic Code Linked to Parkinson's". The New York Times. Retrieved September 18, 2008.
  45. ^ "Dynamodata". Archived from the original on September 26, 2013.
  46. ^ Open Secrets https://www.opensecrets.org/search?q=sergey+brin&type=donors. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  47. ^ "2002 Young Innovators Under 35: Sergey Brin, 28". Technology Review. 2002. Retrieved August 14, 2011.
  48. ^ Brin and Page Awarded MBAs, Press Release, September 9, 2003
  49. ^ "15 Local Business Leaders Receive Awards for Their Success in Business And The Community." 15 Local Business Leaders Receive Awards for Their Success in Business... PR NewsWire, 23 June 2003. Web. 10 Apr. 2015. [1]
  50. ^ "Academy Achievement Golden Plate". Archived from the original on October 13, 2012.
  51. ^ "The World's Most Powerful People: #5 Sergey Brin and Larry Page" Forbes, November 11, 2009
  52. ^ National Academy of Engineering, Press Release, February 6, 2009
  53. ^ National Science Foundation Archived May 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Fellow Profiles

External links

Alphabet Inc.

Alphabet Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate headquartered in Mountain View, California. It was created through a corporate restructuring of Google on October 2, 2015, and became the parent company of Google and several former Google subsidiaries. The two founders of Google assumed executive roles in the new company, with Larry Page serving as CEO and Sergey Brin as president.Alphabet's portfolio encompasses several industries, including technology, life sciences, investment capital, and research. Some of its subsidiaries include Google, Calico, Chronicle, GV, CapitalG, Verily, Waymo, X, Loon and Google Fiber. Some of the subsidiaries of Alphabet have altered their names since leaving Google and becoming part of the new parent company—Google Ventures becoming GV, Google Life Sciences becoming Verily and Google X becoming just X. Following the restructuring, Page became CEO of Alphabet and Sundar Pichai took his position as CEO of Google. Shares of Google's stock have been converted into Alphabet stock, which trade under Google's former ticker symbols of "GOOG" and "GOOGL". As of 2018, Alphabet is ranked No. 22 on the Fortune 500 rankings of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.The establishment of Alphabet was prompted by a desire to make the core Google Internet services business "cleaner and more accountable" while allowing greater autonomy to group companies that operate in businesses other than Internet services.

Anne Wojcicki

Anne E. Wojcicki ( woh-JIS-kee; born July 28, 1973) is an American entrepreneur and the co-founder and chief executive officer of the personal genomics company 23andMe.

Blake Ross

Blake Aaron Ross (born June 12, 1985) is an American software engineer who is best known for his work as the co-creator of the Mozilla Firefox internet browser with Dave Hyatt. In 2005, he was nominated for Wired magazine's top Rave Award, Renegade of the Year, opposite Larry Page, Sergey Brin and Jon Stewart. He was also a part of Rolling Stone magazine's 2005 hot list. From 2007, he worked for Facebook as Director of Product until resigning in early 2013. In 2015, he wrote a fan fiction original screenplay to the HBO television comedy series Silicon Valley, which gained attention.

Breakthrough Prize

The Breakthrough Prize is a set of international awards bestowed in three categories by Breakthrough Prize Board in recognition of scientific advance. The awards are part of several "Breakthrough" initiatives founded and funded by Yuri Milner, along with Breakthrough Initiatives and Breakthrough Junior Challenge.

Breakthrough Prize in Mathematics

Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics

Breakthrough Prize in Life SciencesThe Breakthrough Prize was founded by Sergey Brin, Anne Wojcicki, Mark Zuckerberg, Priscilla Chan, Yuri Milner, Julia Milner, Jack Ma, and Pony Ma. Committees of previous laureates choose the winners from candidates nominated in a process that’s online and open to the public.Laureates receive $3 million each in prize money. They attend a televised award ceremony designed to celebrate their achievements and inspire the next generation of scientists. As part of the ceremony schedule, they also engage in a program of lectures and discussions. Those that go on to make fresh discoveries remain eligible for future Breakthrough Prizes.

Forbes list of The World's Most Powerful People

Since 2009, the business magazine, Forbes had compiled an annual list of the world's most powerful people. The list has one slot for every 100 million people, meaning in 2009 there were 67 people on the list and by 2018 there were 75. Slots are allocated based on the amount of human and financial resources that they have sway over, as well as their influence on world events.

Google Buzz

Google Buzz was a social networking, microblogging and messaging tool that was developed by Google and integrated into their web-based email program, Gmail. Users could share links, photos, videos, status messages and comments organized in "conversations" and visible in the user's inbox.On October 14, 2011, Google announced that it would discontinue the service and that the existing content would be available in read-only mode. Buzz was discontinued on December 15, 2011 and superseded by Google+.Buzz enabled users to choose to share publicly with the world or privately to a group of friends each time they posted. Picasa, Flickr, Google Latitude, Google Reader, Google Sidewiki, YouTube, Blogger, FriendFeed, identi.ca and Twitter were integrated. The creation of Buzz was seen by industry analysts as an attempt by Google to compete with social networking websites like Facebook and microblogging services like Twitter. Buzz also included several user interface elements from other Google products (e.g., Google Reader), such as the ability to "like" a post.

Google executive Sergey Brin said that by offering social communications, Buzz would help bridge the gap between work and leisure, but the service was strongly criticized when it was introduced for insufficient attention to users' privacy.

Google Founders' Award

The Google Founders' Award was a special award for entrepreneurial achievement awarded to groups at Google Inc.

The awards are given in the form of stock grants, and the program was initiated in 2004 by Google founders Sergey Brin and Lawrence E. Page to reward groups.

Google Science Fair

The Google Science Fair is a worldwide (excluding Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan, Myanmar/Burma, Syria, Zimbabwe and any other U.S. sanctioned country) online science competition sponsored by Google, Lego, Virgin Galactic, National Geographic and Scientific American. It has occurred annually since 2011.

The first Google Science Fair was announced in January 2011; entries were due on April 7, 2011 and judging occurred in July 2011. The competition is open to 13- to 18-year-old students around the globe, who formulate a hypothesis, perform an experiment, and present their results. All students must have an internet connection and a free Google Account to participate, and the projects must be in English, German, Italian, Spanish, or French. The final submission must include ten sections, which are the summary, an "About Me" page, the steps of the project, and a works cited page.

Entries are judged on eight core criteria, which include the student's presentation, question, hypothesis, research, experiment, data, observations, and conclusion. Prizes are awarded to three finalists. The grand prize includes a National Geographic trip to the Galapagos Islands, a US$50,000 scholarship, and an "experience" at a small broken shack for a small organization; finalists will receive a US$15,000 scholarship and assorted packages from sponsoring organizations. While Larry Page and Sergey Brin were PhD students at Stanford University in California, they created Google in January 1996 as a research project; Google employee Tom Oliveri highlighted the company's early days: "Science fairs help students to explore their vision and curiosity through science. Our company was founded on an experiment. We firmly believe that science can change the world," he stated.

Google Summer of Code

The Google Summer of Code, often abbreviated to GSoC, is an international annual program, first held from May to August 2005, in which Google awards stipends, which depends on the purchasing power parity of the country the student's university belongs to, to all students who successfully complete a requested free and open-source software coding project during the summer. The program is open to university students aged 18 or over.

The idea for the Summer of Code came directly from Google's founders, Sergey Brin and Larry Page. From 2007 until 2009 Leslie Hawthorn, who has been involved in the project since 2006, was the program manager. From 2010 until 2015, Carol Smith was the program manager. In 2016, Stephanie Taylor took over management of the program.

Google logo

The Google logo appears in numerous settings to identify the search engine company. Google has relied on several logos since its renaming (see History of Google), with the first logo created by Sergey Brin using GIMP. A revised logo debuted on September 1, 2015. The previous logo, with slight modifications between 1999 and 2013, was designed by Ruth Kedar, the wordmark was based on the Catull, an old style serif typeface designed by Gustav Jäger for the Berthold Type Foundry in 1982.The company also includes various modifications or humorous features, such as cartoon modifications of their logo for use on holidays, birthdays of famous people, and major events, such as the Olympics. These special logos, some designed by Dennis Hwang, have become known as Google Doodles.

Héctor García-Molina

Héctor García-Molina (born 1954) is a Mexican-American computer scientist and Professor in the Departments of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering at Stanford University. He was advisor to Sergey Brin, the co-founder of Google, from 1993 to 1997 when he was a computer science student at Stanford.

Larry Page

Lawrence Edward Page (born March 26, 1973) is an American computer scientist and Internet entrepreneur who co-founded Google with Sergey Brin.Page is the chief executive officer of Alphabet Inc. (Google's parent company). After stepping aside as Google CEO in August 2001, in favor of Eric Schmidt, he re-assumed the role in April 2011. He announced his intention to step aside a second time in July 2015, to become CEO of Alphabet, under which Google's assets would be reorganized. Under Page, Alphabet is seeking to deliver major advancements in a variety of industries.As of December 2018, Page was the 8th-richest person in the world, with a net worth of $51.3 billion.Page is the inventor of PageRank, a well-known search ranking algorithm for Google. Page received the Marconi Prize in 2004 with Brin.

Michael Brin Prize in Dynamical Systems

The Michael Brin Prize in Dynamical Systems, abbreviated as the Brin Prize, is awarded to mathematicians who have made outstanding advances in the field of dynamical systems and are within 14 years of their PhD. The prize is endowed by and named after Michael Brin, whose son Sergey Brin, is a co-founder of Google. Michael Brin is a retired mathematician at the University of Maryland and a specialist in dynamical systems.The first prize was awarded in 2008, and since 2009, it has been awarded bi-annually. Artur Avila, the 2011 awardee, went on to win the Fields Medal in 2014.

Musha Cay

Musha Cay is a 150-acre (¼ of a square mile), privately owned island in the Exuma Chain, in the southern Bahamas. It is located 85 miles (137 km) southeast of Nassau. It is owned by illusionist David Copperfield.Musha Cay is surrounded by three smaller islands that maintain its guests' privacy. There can only be one group of guests, numbering up to twenty-four, at any one time.Google co-founder Sergey Brin was married on Musha Cay in May 2007.Howard Holtzman is the architect for Musha Cay.

Outline of Google

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Google:

Google – American multinational technology company specializing in Internet-related services and products that include online advertising technologies, search, cloud computing, software, and hardware.

Rajen Sheth

Rajen Sheth is an executive at Google, where he currently runs product management at cloud AI and machine learning team. The idea of an enterprise version Google's email service Gmail was pitched by Rajen in a meeting with CEO Eric Schmidt in 2004. Schmidt initially rejected the proposal, arguing that the division should focus on web search, but the suggestion was later accepted. Sheth is known as "father of Google Apps", and is responsible for development of Chrome and Chrome OS for Business.

The Gavin Newsom Show

The Gavin Newsom Show was a weekly one-hour talk show hosted by the now-Governor of California, Gavin Newsom, and airing on San Francisco-based Current TV. The show featured one-on-one interviews with notable residents of California, past guests including Marissa Mayer and Sergey Brin.Mia Haugen, a former executive at The Street, Forbes and CNN, was the executive producer.It was, according to Newsom, "a political show without politicians. Meaning, I'm in politics, I'm on a network that's dominantly political, and I happen to believe, firmly, that for politics to change, public policy needs to change, meaning the best politics is the better idea. And, we cannot restrict ourselves in the political dialogue to sourcing ideas from the politicians and pundits."

Verily

Verily (formerly Google Life Sciences) is Alphabet Inc.'s research organization devoted to the study of life sciences. The organization was formerly a division of Google X, until 10 August 2015 when Sergey Brin announced that the organization would become an independent subsidiary of Alphabet Inc. This restructuring process was completed on October 2, 2015. On December 7, 2015, Google Life Sciences was renamed Verily.

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