Sejong City

Sejong (Korean pronunciation: [se(ː).dʑoŋ]; Hangul세종; Hanja世宗), officially Sejong Special Autonomous City[2] (세종특별자치시; 世宗特別自治市), is a special autonomous city in South Korea.

Sejong was founded in 2007 as the new national capital of South Korea from territory of South Chungcheong and North Chungcheong provinces to ease congestion in South Korea's current capital and largest city, Seoul, and encourage investment in the country's central region. Since 2012, the Government of South Korea has relocated numerous ministries and agencies to Sejong, but many still resides in other cities - namely Seoul where the National Assembly and many important government bodies remain.

Sejong has a population of 281,120 (2017) and covers a geographic area of 465.23 km2 (179.63 sq mi), making it the least-populous and smallest first-level administrative division in South Korea. Sejong is located in the west-central Hoseo region, bordering South Chungcheong to the west, Daejeon Metropolitan City to the south, and North Chungcheong to the east.

Sejong

세종시
Sejong Special Autonomous City
  transcription(s)
 • Revised RomanizationSejong Teukbyeol-jachisi
 • McCune-ReischauerSechong T’ŭkpyŏl-chach’isi
Hannuridaero and Bangchukcheon
Flag of Sejong

Flag
Official logo of Sejong

Logo
Country South Korea
RegionHoseo
First settled2012
Neighbourhood
Town
Townships
2
1
9
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • MayorLee Choon-hee (Democratic)
 • BodySejong City Council
Area
 • Total465.23 km2 (179.63 sq mi)
Population
(November, 2017)
 • Total281,120[1]
 • Dialect
Chungcheong
Area code(s)+82-44
FlowerPeach
TreePine
BirdDollarbird
Websitesejong.go.kr
Geumnambo in Sejong City
Construction site in Sejong, November 2009

Name

Sejong was named in honor of King Sejong the Great, the fourth king of the Joseon Dynasty and creator of the Korean alphabet, Hangul.[3] The city was formed by combining Yeongi County, the county of South Chungcheong Province from which the majority of the city's territory was ceded, and other counties.

History

In 2003, then-President Roh Moo-hyun sought to relocate the national capital of South Korea from the metropolitan city of Seoul to a new multifunctional administrative city in the centre of the country. The goal was to reduce the influence and dominance of Seoul on national governance and economics, whilst promoting the regional development of other areas of the country.[4] According to the former Interior Minister Maeng Hyung-gyu in 2012, “Sejong is a symbol of the country’s efforts toward more balanced regional development,” helping to decongest Seoul and spur investment in the country’s central region.

In October 2004, the Constitutional Court dealt a setback to President Roh's plans, ruling that the capital must remain in Seoul in response to a complaint filed by the main opposition, the conservative Grand National Party (now Liberty Korea Party). As such, the Roh administration was forced to modify the project to relocate the majority of government ministries and institutions to Sejong, which would become a special administrative city instead of a new capital. The revised plan was approved by the National Assembly in March 2005. Challenges to the new plan were rejected by the Constitutional Court in November 2005.[4]

When the Grand National Party retook the presidential office in 2008, then-President Lee Myung-bak opposed the idea of moving government agencies, claiming that it would hurt Seoul’s global competitiveness and result in inefficiency.[4] Following Lee's directions, plans were made to make Sejong an industrial, science and education hub instead. This plan was opposed by many, including Roh’s allies and some members of the ruling Grand National Party, including Lee’s arch-rival and eventual successor, Park Geun-hye. Defeat in the mid-2010 local elections forced Lee to present his proposal to the National Assembly where it was voted down.

In July 2012, Sejong Special Autonomous City was created by combining all of Yeongi County, three townships of Gongju[5] and one township of Cheongwon County.

In April 2013, the government of Putrajaya, Malaysia signed a letter of intent (LOI) with the government of Sejong City to mark cooperation between the two cities.

As of 2014, 36 central government offices, including nine ministries, and 16 state-run organisations have moved to the city. However, many other government agencies still resides in Seoul and government complexes in other cities.

Geography

Sejong is surrounded by two provinces of Chungcheongnam-do, Chungcheongbuk-do and one metropolitan city of Daejeon. It is about 121 kilometres (75 mi) south from Seoul.[6]

Cityscape

As of 2012 much of the city was under construction. The residential area, by 2012, had several high-rises built for transferees. At that time the residential area was cordoned off from much of the under-development governmental area and had some restaurants, six schools, and one grocery store.

Administrative divisions

The 9 haengjeong-dong and Jochiwon-eup is the city main urban center. Sejong is divided into 9 haengjeong-dong (administrative neighborhood), 1 eup (town) and 9 myeon (townships).

Map Name Hangul Hanja Population
(2018-06)[1]
Area
(km2)
Sejong-map3
Administrative Neighbourhoods
Hansol-dong 한솔동 한솔洞* 19,667 2.75
Saerom-dong 새롬동 새롬洞* 40,467 4.84
Dodam-dong 도담동 도담洞* 32,421 4.72
Areum-dong 아름동 아름洞* 24,251 2.19
Jongchon-dong 종촌동 宗村洞 30,291 1.15
Goun-dong 고운동 고운洞* 26,989 5.35
Boram-dong 보람동 보람洞* 15,186 1.33
Daepyeong-dong 대평동 大坪洞 2,792 1.52
Sodam-dong 소담동 소담洞* 15,868 4.43
Towns
Jochiwon-eup 조치원읍 鳥致院邑 46,008 13.56
Townships
Yeongi-myeon 연기면 燕岐面 2,822 43.93
Yeondong-myeon 연동면 燕東面 3,527 28.32
Bugang-myeon 부강면 芙江面 6,660 27.79
Geumnam-myeon 금남면 錦南面 9,473 78.70
Janggun-myeon 장군면 將軍面 6,572 53.23
Yeonseo-myeon 연서면 燕西面 8,038 54.58
Jeonui-myeon 전의면 全義面 6,655 62.44
Jeondong-myeon 전동면 全東面 3,997 57.74
Sojeong-myeon 소정면 小井面 2,949 16.47
Total 304,633 465
Notes
  • There are no Hanja for Hansol, Dodam, Areum, Goeun, Boram, Serom, or Sodam.

Population and demographics

The city aimed to have a population of 200,000 in 2012, 300,000 by 2020 and 500,000 by 2030.[7] As of 2017, Sejong had a population of 281,120.[2]

As of 2018, Sejong had a higher proportion of children compared to the South Korean average.[8]

Government and infrastructure

Government Complex Sejong (N)
Government Complex Sejong

The South Korean government plans to move 36 government ministries and agencies to Sejong City.[6]

Government Complex Sejong is located in Sejong City. The complex, on a 213,000-square-metre (2,290,000 sq ft) plot of land, has seven stories and one basement. Construction began in November 2011 in what was South Chungcheong Province, and the complex was completed on November 16, 2013. The ceremony to mark the movement of several government agencies to the complex occurred on December 23, 2013.[9]

Government Complex Sejong includes the head offices of:

Several MOLIT agencies, the Korea Office of Civil Aviation (KOCA), the Korean Maritime Safety Tribunal (KMST), and the Aviation and Railway Accident Investigation Board (ARAIB), have their headquarters in Government Complex Sejong.[14]

Educational facilities

Universities

Senior high schools

  • Bugang Engineering High School
  • Chochiwon Girls' High School
  • Hansol High School
  • Sejong Global High School
  • Sejong High School
  • Seongnam High School or Sungnam High School[15]

Transportation

Air

Sejong is served by Cheongju International Airport in Cheongju, the nearest airport to Sejong.

National railway

Sejong is centrally located on Gyeongbu Line operated by Korail. It's a 90 minute journey on the Mugunghwa-ho to Seoul and trains run approximately every 30 minutes. Also just outside Jochiwon-eup limits in Osong, Cheongwon has a new KTX station Osong Station which is a Korea Train Express bullet train that frequently travels 300 km/h (190 mph).

In popular culture

The 2015 tvN television series Let's Eat 2 is based in Sejong city.[16][17][18] During the month of April, various Sejong Spring Festival festivals will be held in various places in the city such as cherry blossoms, peach blossoms, and flower arrangements. Open the 7th cherry blossom festival. On the 14th, we will hold the 'Daehwangang and Ewha Rangwang Hanmadang' on the theme of peach blossoms and flower blossoms. The 2018 Peace Spring Flower Festival of the Sejong Restoration Center will be held under the sponsorship of the Jochiwon, Peach Festival Promotion Committee. It was prepared as a five-sensory satisfaction program to enjoy and enjoy nature such as peach flower, pear flower, rape blossom, and to escape from the performance-oriented festival method.[19]

References

  1. ^ a b 세종특별자치시청. 한눈에보는 세종 >. www.sejong.go.kr.
  2. ^ a b Toponymic Guidelines for Map and Other Editors For International Use Republic of Korea, Second Edition, p. 39.
  3. ^ "S Korea chooses new capital site". 2004-08-11. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  4. ^ a b c "Sejong City to open Sunday". Korea Herald. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
  5. ^ "Sejong City to Become Biz Hub, Not Gov't District".
  6. ^ a b Harlan, Chico (Contributing: Yoonjung Seo) "With new Sejong City, South Korean government aims to rebalance power." Washington Post. August 17, 2012. Retrieved on December 31, 2013. "But critics — including President Lee Myung-bak, who did not attend a recent launch ceremony here — say it’s crazy to set parts of the administration 75 miles apart."
  7. ^ Rahn, Kim. "Mini-capital Sejong City opens". The Korea Times. Retrieved 1 July 2012.
  8. ^ Steger, Isabella; Sookyoung Lee (2018-06-19). "A new capital built from scratch is an unlikely utopia for Korean families". Quartz. Retrieved 2018-10-29.
  9. ^ "Korea's new administrative center: Sejong City." (Archive) Korea.net. Korean Culture and Information Service (KOCIS, 해외문화홍보원). Retrieved on December 31, 2013.
  10. ^ "Location." (Archive) Ministry of Education (South Korea). Retrieved on January 1, 2014. "Address : (339-012) 408 Galmae-ro, Sejong, Republic of Korea"
  11. ^ "Location Archived 2013-12-31 at WebCite." (Archive) Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs. Retrieved on December 31, 2013. "Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, 94 Dasom2-ro, Government Complex-Sejong, Sejong-si 339-012, Republic of Korea"
  12. ^ "Home" (English). Ministry of Environment. Retrieved on December 31, 2013. "Government Complex Sejong, 11, Doum6-Ro Sejong-City, 339-012, Republic of Korea"
  13. ^ "Home." Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries. Retrieved on 2 January 2014. "(우)339-012 세종특별자치시 다솜2로 94 정부세종청사 5동 해양수산부"
  14. ^ "Government Buildings Management Office". Government Buildings Management Office.
  15. ^ "Location." (Archive) Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy. Retrieved on January 1, 2014. "Adress [sic] : 402 Hannuri-daero, Sejong-si, 339-012, Republic of Korea"
  16. ^ Kwon, Ji-youn (20 April 2015). "Let's Eat actors playing just the right roles". The Korea Times. Retrieved 2015-04-30.
  17. ^ Lee, Min-ji (10 February 2015). "B2ST's Yoon Du Jun, Seo Hyun Jin, and More Begin Script Reading for Let's Eat 2". enewsWorld. Retrieved 2015-02-13.
  18. ^ Hong, Soo Jung (23 January 2015). "Let′s Eat 2 Confirms Cast with B2ST′s Yoon Du Jun, Seo Hyun Jin and More". eNewsWorld. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  19. ^ 충청일보. 세종시 다양한 봄꽃축제.

Further reading

External links

Coordinates: 36°29′13″N 127°16′56″E / 36.487002°N 127.282234°E

2018 South Korean local elections

The 7th local elections were held in South Korea on 13 June 2018. The election coincided with the by-elections for the vacant seats in the National Assembly. The election was a landslide victory for the Democratic Party of Korea, the ruling party, after two successful summits with the third inter-Korean summit on 27 April and the first North Korea-United States summit in Singapore on 12 June.

Areum-dong

Areum-dong (Hangul: 아름동; Hanja: 아름洞) is neighborhood of Sejong City, South Korea.

Boram-dong

Boram-dong (보람동) is neighborhood of Sejong City, South Korea.

Chungcheong dialect

The Chungcheong dialects of the Korean language are spoken in the Chungcheong (Hoseo) region of South Korea, including the metropolitan city of Daejeon.

Chungcheong dialect can be divided into two categories: the Northern Chungcheong dialect, notable for its similarity capital Gyeonggi region speech and the Southern dialect, closer to the Jeolla dialect. Chungcheong dialect is notable for its slow enunciations and unique jargon. It usually replaces the standard ~겠다 (gettda) at the end of sentences with '~것다' (geotda) and uses phrases such as '기여' (giyeo) (yes) instead of the standard '맞다' (matda) or '근디' (geunji) (but) instead of '그런데' (geureonde). Chungcheong people may occasionally pronounce the ending form '~이니까' (inikka) with '~이니께' (inikke). Similar to the Jeolla dialect, Chungcheong dialect often transforms the vowel ㅐ with ㅕ instead of ㅑ, which may be more common in other dialects. However, due to the proliferation of Seoul standardization in cities such as Daejon, Chungcheong dialect is difficult to hear outside of the rural regions of the province.

Dodam-dong

Dodam-dong (Hangul: 도담동; Hanja: 도담洞) is neighborhood of Sejong City, South Korea.

Geum River

The Geum River is located in South Korea. It is a major river that originates in Jangsu-eup, North Jeolla Province. It flows northward through North Jeolla and North Chungcheong Provinces and then changes direction in the vicinity of Greater Daejeon and flows southwest through South Chungcheong Province before emptying into the Yellow Sea near Gunsan city.

The river is 401 kilometres (249 mi) long, making it the third longest in South Korea. The area of the Geum River Basin is 9,859 square kilometres (3,807 sq mi). The upper part of the river flows slowly through part of the Noryeong Mountains and is marked by extensive stream meandering. On the other hand, river curves on middle and lower parts of the river are more gradual and there is comparatively less stream meandering.

Tributary streams of the Geum include the Gap-cheon, Yugu-cheon, Miho-cheon, Unsan-cheon, Seokseong-cheon, and Nonsan-cheon. Several small alluvial plains including the Honam and Nonsan Plain have been formed by the flow of the Geum and its tributaries.

Goun-dong

Goun-dong (고운동) is neighborhood of Sejong City, South Korea.

Hansol-dong

Hansol-dong is part of Sejong City, South Korea. It was the first place government officials lived in Sejong after the city was constructed to serve as the de facto administrative capital of South Korea. Hansol-dong consists mainly of the Cheotmauel (Korean: First Village, from its residential use) Apartment Complex. Others began to reside and especially work in the ward soon thereafter; most came from Daejon.

Hansol-dong has an E-mart, a large shopping mall, with other recreational spaces under construction. While the settlement and its area are generally new historically, workers building local housing discovered evidence of a tomb belonging to a local chieftain from the 5th or 6th century AD.

Hoseo

Hoseo (Korean pronunciation: [ho.sʌ]; literally "west of the lake") is a region coinciding with the former Chungcheong Province in what is now South Korea. Today, the term refers to Daejeon, Sejong City, South Chungcheong Province and North Chungcheong Provinces. Hoseo people use Chungcheong dialect. The name is often used to refer to people residing in the region. Nowadays Chungcheong is more frequently used instead of Hoseo.

Jeondong Station

Jeondong Station is a railway station in Jeondong-myeon, Sejong City, South Korea without passenger service.

Jochiwon Station

Jochiwon Station is a railway station in Jochiwon-eup, Sejong City, South Korea.

Jongchon-dong

Jongchon-dong is a borough (dong) of Sejong City, South Korea.

Korea Post

Korea Post is the national postal service of South Korea, under the authority of the Ministry of Science and ICT, formerly Ministry of Knowledge Economy until 2013. Korea Post is in charge of postal service, postal banking، and insurance services. Its headquarters are in Sejong City.

Ministry of Education (South Korea)

The Ministry of Education is a cabinet-level division of the government of South Korea. It was created on March 22, 2013.Its headquarters are in the Sejong Regional Government Complex in Sejong City. Previously it was located in the Central Government Complex in Jongno District, Seoul.

National Route 1 (South Korea)

National Route 1(Hangul: 국도 제1호선; RR: Gukdo Je Il(1) Hoseon) is a national highway in South Korea. It connects Mokpo, South Jeolla Province with the city of Paju in Gyeonggi-do. Before the division of the Korean peninsula, the highway ran until Sinuiju, North P'yongan Province, in present-day North Korea.

Saerom-dong

Saerom-dong (새롬동) is neighborhood of Sejong City, South Korea.

Seochang Station

Seochang Station is a signal box in Jochiwon-eup, Sejong City, South Korea.

Sojeong-ri Station

Sojeong-ri Station is a railway station in Sojeong-myeon, Sejong City, South Korea.

Yeongi County

Yeongi County (Yeongi-gun) was a county in South Chungcheong Province, South Korea now part of Sejong.

Yeongi County was abolished as this area was incorporated into Sejong City as of 1 July 2012.

Jochiwon is the main city within Yeongi.

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