Secunderabad /sɪkəndərˈɑːbɑːd/ ([sikŋdɾaːbaːd] (listen), also spelled sometimes as Sikandar-a-bad) is the twin city of Hyderabad located in the Indian state of Telangana. Named after Sikandar Jah, the third Nizam of the Asaf Jahi dynasty, Secunderabad was established in 1806 as a British cantonment. Although both the cities are together referred to as the twin cities, Hyderabad and Secunderabad have different histories and cultures, with Secunderabad having developed directly under British rule until 1948, and Hyderabad as the capital of the Nizams' princely state of Hyderabad.
Geographically divided from Hyderabad by the Hussain Sagar lake, Secunderabad is no longer a separate municipal unit and has become part of Hyderabad's Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation (GHMC). Both cities are collectively known as Hyderabad and together form the fifth-largest metropolis in India. Being one of the largest cantonments in India, Secunderabad has a large presence of army and air force personnel.
The popular neighbourhoods in Secunderabad are Paradise Circle,Jeera, General Bazar, Sitaphalmandi, Ranigunj, Kavadiguda , Old and New Bhoiguda, Begumpet, Mettuguda, Lalapet, Lalaguda, Tarnaka,and Padmarao Nagar.
Secunderabad Clock Tower
Sec'bad and sikandar-a-bad
Location in Telangana, India
|Metro||Hyderabad Metropolitan Region|
|Founded by||Sikandar Jah|
|Named for||Sikandar Jah|
|• Body||Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation|
|• MP||Bandaru Dattatreya|
|• Mayor||Bonthu Ram Mohan|
|• Total||64.5 km2 (24.9 sq mi)|
|Elevation||543 m (1,781 ft)|
|• Density||3,300/km2 (8,600/sq mi)|
|• Official||Telugu, Urdu|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Secunderbad Urban sprwal is spreaded in these areas also.
Following the dissolution of the Chalukya empire into four parts in the 11th century, the areas around the present day Hyderabad and Secunderabad came under the control of the Kakatiya dynasty (1158–1310), whose seat of power was at Warangal, 148 km (92 mi) northeast of modern Hyderabad.
Secunderabad is also the site where the then Mughal emperor Ahmad Shah Bahadur was defeated in the year 1754 by the Maratha Confederacy; the emperor arrived after the death of Nawab Anwaruddin Khan nearby at the Battle of Ambur in 1749.
Modern Secunderabad was founded as a British cantonment after Nizam Asaf Jah II was defeated at the hands of the British East India Company. He was then forced to sign the 1798 Treaty of Subsidiary Alliance in order to gain the support of the British troops camped in tents in the open areas of the village Ulwul, north-east of Hussain Sagar, the lake that separates Secunderabad from its twin city Hyderabad. Later, in 1803, Nizam Sikandar Jah, the third Nizam of Hyderabad, renamed Ulwul as Secunderabad after himself. The city was formed in 1806, after the order was signed by the Nizam allotting the land north of Hussain Sagar to set up the British Cantonment.
The twin cities are separated by the man-made Hussain Sagar lake, which was built during the reign of the Qutb Shahi dynasty in the 16th century. Unlike Hyderabad, the official language of Secunderabad was English. Secunderabad was exempted from customs duty on imported goods, thus making trade very profitable. Various new markets such as Regimental Bazaar and General Bazaar were created. After the First War of Indian Independence of 1857, the construction of a 7-metre-high (23 ft) wall was started at Trimulgherry and completed in 1867.
Secunderabad Railway Station, one of the largest in India and the zonal headquarters of South Central Railway was established in 1874. The King Edward Memorial Hospital, now known as Gandhi Hospital, was established in 1851. A civil jail (now a heritage building known as Old Jail complex near Monda Market) was also established. Originally constructed in 1860 as the country house of the British Resident at Hyderabad, the Residency House is now known as the Rashtrapati Nilayam, the official retreat of the President of India.
Sir Winston Churchill, the prime minister of the United Kingdom during World War II, was posted in Secunderabad during the 1890s as a subaltern in the British Army. Sir Ronald Ross conducted his initial research on the cause of malaria in the city of Secunderabad. The original building is today called the Sir Ronald Ross Institute and is located on Minister Road.
Secunderabad Municipality was first formed in 1945. Later in 1950, along with Hyderabad Municipality, it was upgraded to Secunderabad Municipal Corporation under the Hyderabad Corporation Act, 1950. In 1960, by the Hyderabad Municipal Corporation Act of 1955, Secunderabad Municipal Corporation was merged with Hyderabad Corporation to form a single municipal corporation. Today Secunderabad is part of the Hyderabad district.
Post-Independence, the Secunderabad Cantonment Board came under the jurisdiction of the Indian Armed forces. Consequently, large military units were established. The popular neighbourhoods in Secunderabad are Paradise Circle, Trimulgherry, Jawaharnagar colony, Marredpally, Jeera, General Bazar, Sitaphalmandi, Kharkhana, Ranigunj, and New Bhoiguda. Begumpet Airport is close to Secunderabad and served the twin city until early 2008.
Situated in the North of Hyderabad at  Secunderabad lies on the northern part of the Deccan Plateau. Secunderabad has an average elevation of 543 metres (1781 ft). Most of the area has a rocky terrain and some areas are hilly..,
Secunderabad is 1,566 kilometres (973 mi) south of Delhi, 699 kilometres (434 mi) southeast of Mumbai, and 570 kilometres (350 mi) north of Bangalore by road. It is connected to Hyderabad by Rastrapathi Road (formerly known as King's Way) and MG Road (formerly known as James' Street) via Tank Bund. As a constituent of Greater Hyderabad, Secunderabad is one of the largest metropolitan areas in India. Lot of residential areas are located nearby like West Marredpally, East Marredpally, Kharkhana, Bowenpally as it is calm and serene.
Secunderabad has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen: Aw), with hot summers from late February to early June, the monsoon season from late June to early October, and a pleasant winter from late October to early February. In the evenings and mornings, the climate is relatively cool. Most of the rainfall is concentrated in the monsoon months from June to September.
Winter lasts for only about 2 1⁄2 months, during which the lowest temperature occasionally dips to 10 °C (50 °F) in December and January. May is the hottest month, with average daily lows of 26 °C (79 °F) and highs of 38.8 °C (102 °F). January is the coldest month with average lows of 14.7 °C (58 °F) and highs of 28.6 °C (83 °F).
Secunderabad had a population of 204,182. Males constituted 51% of the population and females 49%. Secunderabad had an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; male literacy was 78%, and female literacy was 68%. 11% of the population was under 6 years of age. The city has a sizable population of Anglo-Indians, who mainly resided in the South Lallaguda area of Secunderabad which was popularly known as Little England. Many Anglo-Indians have emigrated to other countries in the English-speaking world over the last few decades.
Due to the presence of communities such as Parsis and Anglo-Indians alongside British and native inhabitants, Secunderabad was historically a cosmopolitan city. Though the cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad are twins, they are different in the layout of buildings, the style of life and culture. Secunderabad used to be referred to by the locals as Lashkar, meaning the army and the city's culture reflected the same. Secunderabad was a liberal city compared to Hyderabad due to the presence of the British. Plaza cinema was the only theatre in India where viewers could sip a beer while watching a movie. Sangeet was a popular cinema theatre that screened only Western movies.
The popular Secunderabad Club was established in 1878, at a country house gifted by Salar Jung I. Secunderabad has a more laid-back atmosphere because it is mainly a residential area with fewer government offices and corporate establishments.
Many outdoor events such as the Republic Day parade and fairs are held in the Gymkhana or Parade grounds. Christmas is celebrated by the Christian residents. An annual festival known as the Bonalu is celebrated by the Hindus of the Telangana state. It is usually held during the Ashadha, which is at the start of the monsoon season. Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting, is observed by the local Muslims. There are old temples like Laxminarayana Swami Temple and Mahakali Temple. Local churches like Wesely church and St. Mary's church add to cosmopolitan culture of the city. The culture of Secunderabad is distinctly different from that of Hyderabad's Nawabi culture.
ITC, Infosys, Intergraph, and Coromandel International are some of the major private companies which have their offices in Secunderabad. Being the headquarters of South Central Railway, Secunderabad is a major centre for railway activity. Industrial areas such as Bolarum, Moula-Ali, Nacharam, Ghatkesar, Uppal Bhongir, etc. are in Secunderabad. Secunderabad Cantonment Board houses a large number of defence units. Units of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), such as Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research (AMD), Nuclear Fuel Complex (NFC), and ECIL are close to Secunderabad.
The Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation (GHMC), established in 2007, is responsible for the administration and infrastructure of Secunderabad. Secunderabad Municipality was first formed in 1945. Later in 1950, along with Hyderabad Municipality, it was upgraded to Secunderabad Municipal Corporation under the Hyderabad Corporation Act of 1950. In 1960, by the Hyderabad Municipal Corporation Act of 1955, Secunderabad Municipal Corporation was merged with Hyderabad Corporation to form a single Municipal Corporation. During Nizam's period, Secunderabad Cantonment was under the control of the British Raj. Today those areas, and most parts of Secunderabad where defence installations are located, is under the purview of Secunderabad Cantonment Board.
Secunderabad forms a part of Secunderabad Lok Sabha constituency and is represented with seven legislative assembly seats. The present Member of Parliament is Bandaru Dattatreya, who is also a Minister of State in the Union Cabinet. The incumbent Member of Legislative Assembly is a candidate from Telangana Rasthra Samiti (TRS), who is also a Minister under the Telangana government.
The most-popular sport played in Secunderabad is cricket. During pre-independence era Secunderabad had various sports facilities built for serving Englishmen. Presently, no major stadiums are located in Secunderabad. However some open grounds belonging to railways and military establishments are used for various sporting activities. These are Gymkhana Ground, Parade Ground, Polo Ground, Bollarum Golf Course, and Railway Golf Course. The erstwhile Indian Premiere League cricket franchise, Deccan Chargers was based in Secunderabad.
Various state sports associations such as Amateur Boxing Association, Basketball Association, Women's Cricket Association, Sculling and Rowing Association, and Hyderabad Hockey Association are located in Secunderabad
The most commonly used forms of medium-distance transport in Secunderabad include government-owned services such as light railways and Telangana State Road Transport Corporation (TSRTC) buses, as well as privately operated auto rickshaws.
The city is the headquarters of the South Central Railway Zone of the Indian Railways. It is served by Secunderabad Railway Station, one of the oldest and largest railway stations in the twin cities. Secunderabad is also a major railway junction in the Wadi–Vijayawada railway route.
Secunderabad is the hub for the city bus transport run by the TSRTC, and is connected to major destinations of both Hyderabad and Secunderabad. Major bus stations are the Jubilee Bus Station and the Rathifile Bus station.
The Tank Bund road is connects Hyderabad and Secunderabad. Abutting the Hussain Sagar lake, the Tank Bund road is an arterial road and the main thoroughfare connecting Secunderabad with Hyderabad. Maximum speed limits within the city are 50 km/h (31 mph) for two-wheelers and cars, 35 km/h (22 mph) for auto rickshaws and 40 km/h (25 mph) for light commercial vehicles and buses.
Schools in Secunderabad, similar to other schools in Hyderabad and other parts of Telangana follow a 10+2+3 plan. Schools are a mix of publicly and privately run institutions, with two-thirds of students in private schools. Languages of instruction include English, Hindi, Urdu, and Telugu. Depending on the institution students are studying in, they are required to sit in the Secondary School Certificate or the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education. After completing secondary education, students enroll in schools or junior colleges with a higher secondary facility. Due to the prolonged presence of the British, Secunderabad has convent schools established by Christian missionaries.
Research institutes such as National Institute of Nutrition, Center for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, The English and Foreign Languages University, Osmania University, and National Geophysical Research Institute are in Tarnaka, which is close to Secunderabad.
The Hyderabad Multi-Modal Transport System, also known as MMTS, is a suburban rail system in Hyderabad, India. It is a joint partnership of the Government of Telangana and the South Central Railway, and is operated by the latter. The first phase was opened to the public on 9th August 2003 with three lines between Falaknuma and Secunderabad, Hyderabad and Secunderabad and Lingampally and Secunderabad with a total of 44 km of track. In May 2010, Indian Railways decided to take up the 107-km Phase-II project of the MMTS at an estimated cost of Rs. 641 crore. The Railway Board cleared the second phase after the state government agreed to fund two-thirds of the cost. The second phase, which is currently under construction.Indian Railway Institute of Signal Engineering and Telecommunications
The Indian Railway Institute of Signal Engineering and Telecommunication, Secunderabad is an Institute based on Signal Engineering and Telecommunications. Located in Secunderabad, this institute is run by the Ministry of Railways (India), Indian Railways in 1957 as a subsidiary of Indian Railways.
It caters to the specialized training needs of the Indian Railways' supervisors and officers in Railway Signalling and Telecommunication. It also trains officials of Foreign Railways.Karkhana, Secunderabad
Karkhana is a Locality in the city of Secunderabad, India. Part of the Trimulgherry Mandal, Karkhana is approximately 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) from Secunderabad station and approximately 1-kilometre (0.62 mi) from Jubilee Bus stand. The region has experienced a real estate boom in recent years and has become a base for a number of small IT start-ups. It can be reached easily by public transport and is well connected to surrounding areas.List of churches in Secunderabad and Hyderabad
The twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad in India have many churches of architectural value which were primarily built under British colonial rule, during the nineteenth and the early twentieth centuries. Although much smaller in size compared to Hyderabad, Secunderabad has far more churches than its twin, as a result of its being a British Cantonment under direct British rule, from its founding in 1806 to 1947. Most of the prominent churches in the twin cities are concentrated in and around the historic Clock Tower and Abids areas. New and local churches are being established in and around the Twin cities.
Under the discipline of Church history these Churches are classified as,
Roman Catholic Churches,
New and Indigenous ChurchesMahatma Gandhi Road (Secunderabad)
MG Road or Mahatma Gandhi Road formerly known as James Street is one of the busiest roads of the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad and a foremost shopping district in Secunderabad. It is spread over 2 km.
It leads to a warren of streets called Tobacco Bazaar and Pot Market. Major landmarks include Paradise Hotel, Kabra Jewellers, Gandhi Statue, Chermas, Asrani Hotel, Paradise X roads, KFC, Ramgopalpet Police Station and Malani Building.Marredpally
Marredpally is a residential suburb in the city of Secunderabad in the Indian state of Telangana. It is divided into East Marredpally and West Marredpally.Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway
Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway (NGSR) was a Railway Company in India between 1879 and 1950, and was owned by the Nizam's of Kingdom of Hyderabad. The full style of the system was His Exalted Highness, The Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway which had its beginnings in a line built privately by the HEH the Nizam, much to the dismay of the British authorities. It was owned and worked by a company under a guarantee from the Hyderabad State, capital for which was raised by the issue of redeemable mortgage debentures. In 1951 the NGSR was nationalised and merged into Indian Railways.Padmarao Nagar
Padma Rao Nagar, sometimes also called PR Nagar, is a locality in Secunderabad, India, named after Diwan Bahadur Padma Rao Mudaliar. It was the early communities like Mudaliars who started developing the Secunderabad Cantonment commercially. Otherwise, Secunderabad had only large number of tents housing the troops of the British army as told by Mr. Luther in book Lashkar - 200 Years Of Secunderabad. The Mudaliars, who were camp followers of the British, made immense contributions for the growth of education and health care and explained the growth of the Secunderabad Club from a public room. It was previously known as Walker Town during the British raj.
It is bordered by Musheerabad, Chilkalguda, Sitaphalmandi and Bhoiguda areas of Secunderabad in the southern Indian state of Telangana.Pune Secunderabad Shatabdi Express
Pune – Secunderabad Shatabdi is a train operated by the Central Railway which is running between Pune Junction in Maharashtra and Secunderabad in Telangana. The train commenced service on 13 November 2011. The train runs at an average speed of 70.58 km/h and is the fastest diesel hauled shatabdi train on IR and also the fastest train connecting these two cities. The train travels from Pune Junction to Secunderabad in 8 hours and 30 mins as 12025 Shatabdi Express (70.23 km/hr) & 8 hours 25 mins as 12026 Shatabdi Express.Secunderabad (Assembly constituency)
Secunderabad Assembly constituency is a constituency of Telangana Legislative Assembly, India. It is one of 15 constituencies in Capital city of Hyderabad. It is part of Secunderabad Lok Sabha constituency.
T. Padma Rao, current Excise and Sports Minister of Telangana is representing the constituency.Secunderabad (Lok Sabha constituency)
Secunderabad Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 17 Lok Sabha (Lower House of the Parliament) constituencies in Telangana state in southern India.Secunderabad Cantonment (SC) (Assembly constituency)
Secunderabad Cantonment Assembly constituency is a constituency of Telangana Legislative Assembly, India. It is one of 15 constituencies in the capital city of Hyderabad.It is part of Secunderabad Lok Sabha constituency.
In 2014, G. Sayanna from Telugu Desam Party was elected as MLA by defeating nearest rival with 2.60% votes margin.Secunderabad Junction railway station
The Secunderabad Junction railway station (station code SC), is a major intercity railway station and a commuter rail hub in the Hyderabad urban area. In the city centre, the station is in the South Central Railway zone of Indian Railways. Built in 1874 by the Nizam of Hyderabad during the British era, it was the main station of Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway until the Kachiguda railway station opened in 1916. The station was taken over by Indian Railways in 1951, when NGSR was nationalized. Its main portico and concourse are influenced by Nizamesque architecture. The station, which resembles a fort, is a tourist attraction in the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad.It is connected by rail to all regions of India. About 170,000 passengers arrive at (or depart from) the station daily on 229 trains. On the Vijayawada–Wadi (the SCR's main line) and Secunderabad-Manmad railway lines, it is the zone headquarters of the South Central Railway and the headquarters of the SCR's Secunderabad Division. The station has received ISO-9001 certification for quality management in ticket booking, parcel and luggage booking and platform management. Indian Railways has proposed an upgrade to a world-class station, emphasising vertical expansion. It is connected to nearly all the parts of the twin cities by the Hyderabad MMTS, Telangana State Road Transport Corporation buses and the Hyderabad Metro.Secunderabad railway division
Secunderabad Railway Division is one of the six divisions of South Central Railway zone (SCR) of the Indian Railways. It is one of the top five divisions of Indian Railways and its divisional and zonal headquarters are at Secunderabad.Secunderabad–Dhone section
Secunderabad–Dhone section is a non-electrified single track railway section in Hyderabad railway division of South Central Railway zone. It connects Hyderabad of Telangana with Dhone in Andhra Pradesh. The section is a part of Train Collison Avoidance System.projectSindhi Colony, Secunderabad
Sindhi Colony is a major suburb of Secunderabad, India. It was founded to house refugee Sindhis coming from Sindh that became a part of Pakistan after the partition of India in 1947. It is to the north of Hyderabad.
The suburb has many smaller residential colonies. Adjacent communities like Babu Bagh, Krishna, Venakat Rao and Jawahar Lal communities are considered part of Sindhi Colony. This is suburb is one of the most affluent sections of Secunderabad, home to traders and educated professionals of the city.Sitaphalmandi
Sitaphalmandi is one of the old suburbs of Secunderabad City in the state of Telangana, India. It is located close to Secunderabad Railway Station and is surrounded by Osmania University in the east, Warasiguda in the south, Secunderabad in the west and Tarnaka in the north. Sitaphalmandi is located about 1.5 km from Secunderabad.South Central Railway zone
The South Central Railway (abbreviated SCR and दमरे) is one of the 18 zones of Indian Railways. The jurisdiction of the zone is spread over the states of Maharashtra, Telangana, and some portions of Madhya Pradesh. It has three divisions under its administration, which include Nanded, Secunderabad, Hyderabad.Trimulgherry
Tirumalagiri is a locality and a Mandal in the city of Secunderabad also it falls under Secunderabad Revenue Division, Earlier is a major suburb of Secunderabad, India. Trimulgherry is the anglicised name for Tirumalagiri. It is in the north of Hyderabad District.
The suburb has many smaller residential townships. Adjacent suburbs like Karkhana and AOC centre are often considered part of Tirumalagiri.
In the past 15 years, this suburb has become an important residential area in the twin cities. Many colonies, townships and apartments came up in this suburb.
Close by a small lake known as the Hasmathpet fish to the city.
|Climate data for Secunderabad India (1951–1980)|
|Average high °C (°F)||28.6
|Average low °C (°F)||14.7
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||3.2
Neighbourhoods of Hyderabad
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