Secretary of State of Florida
The Secretary of State of Florida is a constitutional officer of the state government of the U.S. state of Florida, established by the original 1838 state constitution.
Like the corresponding officials in other states, the original charge of the Secretary of State — to be the "Keeper of the Great Seal" — has expanded greatly since the office was first created. According to the state website, "Today, the Secretary of State is Florida's Chief of Elections, Chief Cultural Officer, the State Protocol Officer and the head of the Department of State."
During the territorial period of Florida, the Secretary of the Territory was one of two major appointed positions within the executive department of the territory. Like the governor, the secretary was originally appointed by the president of the United States and confirmed by Congress. The job of the secretary was similar to that of a modern-day Lieutenant Governor, assuming administrative responsibilities of the territory in the absence of the governor. The first Secretary of the Territory George Walton for instance served as Acting Governor of the Territory until William P. Duval assumed office later that year. Walton was the first civilian to act in this capacity following the American acquisition of Florida.
The modern day Department of State and the position of Secretary of State date to 1845, as Florida achieved statehood and the first Florida Constitution came into effect. Originally, the Secretary of State of Florida was elected by the people of the state in the general election. However, in 1998, constitutional changes removed the Secretary of State from the elected Cabinet of the executive branch. That year, Katherine Harris won the last election for Secretary of State.
Since 2002, the Secretary of State of Florida is appointed by the Governor. The current Secretary of State is Ken Detzner.
List of Secretaries of the Territory
- George Walton, 1822–1827
- William M. McCarty, 1827–1829
- James D. Westcott, 1829–1834
- George K. Walker, 1834–1835
- John P. Duval, 1837–1839
- Joseph McCants, 1840–1841
- Thomas H. Duval, 1842–1845
List of Secretaries of State
- James Tillinghast Archer, 1845–1848
- Augustus Emmett Maxwell, 1848–1849
- Charles W. Downing, Jr., 1849–1853
- Frederick L. Villepigue, 1853–1863
- Benjamin F. Allen, 1863–1868
- George J. Alden, 1868
- Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, 1868–1873
- Samuel B. Mclin, 1873–1877
- William Dunnington Bloxham, 1877–1880
- Frederick W. A. Rankin, Jr., 1880–1881
- John Lovic Crawford, 1881–1902
- Henry Clay Crawford, 1902–1929
- William Monroe Igou, 1929–1930
- Robert Andrew Gray, 1930–1961
- Thomas Burton "Tom" Adams, Jr., 1961–1971
- Richard Bernard Stone, 1971–1974
- Dorothy Glisson, 1974–1975
- Bruce Smathers, 1975–1978
- Jesse J. McCrary, Jr., 1978–1979
- George Firestone, 1979–1987
- James C. Smith, 1987–1995
- Sandra Mortham, 1995–1999
- Katherine Harris, 1999–2002
- James C. Smith, 2002–2003
Ken Detzner, 2003 (acting)
- Glenda Hood, 2003–2005
David E. Mann, 2005 (interim)
- Sue McCourt Cobb, 2005–2007
- Kurt S. Browning, 2007–2010
Dawn K. Roberts, 2010-2011 (interim)
Jennifer Kennedy, 2011 (acting)
Kurt S. Browning, 2011-2012
- Ken Detzner, 2012–present
- ^ a b "Florida Department of State website". 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-07.
- ^ "State and Local Government-Florida Executive Branch". The Green Papers. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
- ^ "Florida Legislature website: Florida Constitution". Leg.state.fl.us. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
- ^ "Florida Secretary of State". Our Campaigns.com. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
- ^ "Glenda Hood Steps Down as Secretary of State". Office of Secretary of State. November 1, 2005. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
- ^ "Florida Department of State » Office of the Secretary » About the Secretary". Dos.state.fl.us. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- ^ "Florida Department of State » Office of the Secretary » Office History". Dos.state.fl.us. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
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