Secretary of State for Scotland

Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Rùnaire Stàite na h-Alba, Scots: Secretar o State for Scotland) is the principal minister of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland representing Scotland. They head the Scotland Office (formerly the Scottish Office), a government department based in London and Edinburgh.

Secretary of State for Scotland
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (Government in Scotland)
Royal Arms as used by Her Majesty's Government in Scotland
Official portrait of David Mundell crop 2
Incumbent
David Mundell

since 8 May 2015
Scotland Office
StyleThe Right Honourable
AppointerElizabeth II
Inaugural holderThe Earl of Mar
Formation1926 (current form)
1 May 1707 (original form)
DeputyThe Lord Duncan of Springbank
as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State
WebsiteScotland Office

Post history

Prior to devolution (before 1999)

The post was first created after the Acts of Union 1707 created the Kingdom of Great Britain from the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland. It was abolished in 1746, following the Jacobite rising of 1745. Scottish affairs thereafter were managed by the Lord Advocate until 1827, when responsibility passed to the Home Office. In 1885 the post of Secretary for Scotland was re-created, with the incumbent usually a member of the Cabinet. In 1926 this post was upgraded to a full Secretary of State appointment.

After devolution (since 1999)

After the 1999 Scottish devolution, the powers of the Scottish Office were divided, with most transferred to the Scottish Government or to other British government departments, leaving only a limited role for the Scotland Office. From June 2003 and October 2008, the holder of the office of Secretary of State for Scotland from 13 June 2003 through to 3 October 2008 also held another Cabinet post concurrently, leading to claims that the Scottish role was seen as a part-time ministry.

The current Secretary of State for Scotland is David Mundell.

Responsibilities

With the advent of legislative devolution for Scotland in 1999, the role of Secretary of State for Scotland has been diminished. Most of the functions vested in the office since administrative devolution in the 19th century were transferred to the newly established Scottish Ministers upon the opening of the Scottish Parliament or otherwise to other UK government ministers however the SOS for Scotland does represent Scotland in the Cabinet on matters that are not devolved to Holyrood, The Scottish Secretary also holds Scotland Questions on the first Wednesday of every month between 1130am-12pm where any Member of Parliament can ask on any matter relating to Scotland however devolved issues are not usually raised by MP's. The Scottish Secretary is also the group leader of the Scottish MP's from that political party is in government, Currently David Mundell is the group leader of the Scottish Conservative MPs.

As a result of this, the office mainly acts as a go-between for the UK and Scottish Governments and Parliaments.[1] However, due to the Secretary's role as a minister in the British government, the convention of Cabinet collective responsibility applies, and as such the post is usually viewed as being a partisan one to promote the UK government's decision making in Scotland, as adherence to the convention precludes doing anything else.

With the rise of the SNP in the Scottish and British parliaments and the resultant interest in Scottish Independence, the Secretary of State's role has also subsequently increased in prominence. The Scotland Office itself has received a cumulative increase in budget of 20% from 2013 to 2017 with a 14.4% increase in 2015/16 alone.[2]

The UK government's website lists the Secretary of State for Scotland's responsibilities as being:

"The main role of the Scottish Secretary is to promote and protect the devolution settlement. Other responsibilities include promoting partnership between the UK government and the Scottish government, and relations between the 2 Parliaments."[1]

This seeming lack of responsibility has in recent years seen calls for the scrapping of the role and the wider department of the Scotland Office itself by opposition MPs.[3][2]

List of Scottish Secretaries

Secretaries of State for Scotland (1707–1746)

John Erskine, Earl of Mar had served as Secretary of State of the independent Scotland from 1705. Following the Acts of Union 1707, he remained in office.

The post of Secretary of State for Scotland existed after the Union of the Parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England in 1707 till the Jacobite rising of 1745. After the rising, responsibility for Scotland lay primarily with the office of the Home Secretary, usually exercised by the Lord Advocate.

Secretary of State for Scotland
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office
John Erskine - Earl of Mar - Project Gutenberg etext 20946 John Erskine
Earl of Mar

(1675–1732)
(since 1705)
1 May
1707
3 February
1709
2ndDukeOfQueensberryFull James Douglas
2nd Duke of Queensberry

(1662–1711)
3 February
1709
6 July
1711
John Erskine - Earl of Mar - Project Gutenberg etext 20946 John Erskine
Earl of Mar

(1675–1732)
30 September
1713
24 September
1714
James Graham 1682-1742 James Graham
1st Duke of Montrose

(1682–1742)
24 September
1714
August
1715
John Ker, 1st Duke of Roxburghe John Ker
1st Duke of Roxburghe

(1680–1741)
13 December
1716
August
1725
John Hay, 4th Marquess of Tweeddale John Hay
4th Marquess of Tweeddale

(1695–1762)
16 February
1742
3 January
1746

Office thereafter vacant.

Secretaries for Scotland (1885–1926)

The Secretary for Scotland was chief minister in charge of the Scottish Office in the United Kingdom government. The Scotland Office was created in 1885 with the post of Secretary for Scotland.[4] From 1892 the Secretary for Scotland sat in cabinet. The post was upgraded to full Secretary of State rank as the Secretary of State for Scotland in 1926.[5]

From 1885 to 1999, Secretaries for Scotland and Secretaries of State for Scotland also ex officio held the post of Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland.[6] From 1999, the position of Keeper of the Great Seal has been held by the First Minister of Scotland.[7]

Secretary for Scotland
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Ministry
Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond, 6th Duke of Lennox, and 1st Duke of Gordon His Grace
Charles Gordon-Lennox
6th Duke of Richmond
KG PC
[nb 1]
(1818–1903)
17 August
1885
28 January
1886
Conservative Salisbury I
Sir G O Trevelyan, 2nd Bt NPG The Right Honourable
Sir George Trevelyan
Bt

MP for Hawick Burghs
(1838–1928)
8 February
1886
March
1886
Liberal Gladstone III
13thEarlOfDalhousie The Right Honourable
John Ramsay
13th Earl of Dalhousie
KT PC

(1847–1887)
5 April
1886
20 July
1886
Liberal
Arthur-James-Balfour-1st-Earl-of-Balfour The Right Honourable
Arthur Balfour
DL

MP for Manchester East
(1848–1930)
5 August
1886
11 March
1887
Conservative Salisbury II
9thMarquessOfLothian The Most Honourable
Schomberg Kerr
9th Marquess of Lothian
KT PC FRSE

(1833–1900)
11 March
1887
11 August
1892
Conservative
Sir G O Trevelyan, 2nd Bt NPG The Right Honourable
Sir George Trevelyan
Bt

MP for Glasgow Bridgeton
(1838–1928)
18 August
1892
21 June
1895
Liberal Gladstone IV
Rosebery
6th Lord Balfour of Burleigh The Right Honourable
Alexander Bruce
6th Lord Balfour of Burleigh
KT PC

(1849–1921)
29 June
1895
9 October
1903
Conservative Salisbury
(III & IV)

(Con.Lib.U.)
Balfour
(Con.Lib.U.)
Andrew Murray, 1st Viscount Dunedin NPG The Right Honourable
Andrew Murray
KC

MP for Buteshire
(1849–1942)
9 October
1903
2 February
1905
Conservative
Hopetoun The Right Honourable
John Hope
1st Marquess of Linlithgow
KT GCMG GCVO PC

(1860–1908)
2 February
1905
4 December
1905
Conservative
John Sinclair MP The Right Honourable
John Sinclair
1st Baron Pentland
PC
[nb 2]
(1860–1925)
10 December
1905
13 February
1912
Liberal Campbell-Bannerman
Asquith
(I–III)
Thomas McKinnon Wood The Right Honourable
Thomas Wood

MP for Glasgow St Rollox
(1855–1927)
13 February
1912
9 July
1916
Liberal
Asquith Coalition
(Lib.Con.Lab.)
Harold J. Tennant o The Right Honourable
Harold Tennant

MP for Berwickshire
(1865–1935)
9 July
1916
5 December
1916
Liberal
1922 Robert Munro The Right Honourable
Robert Munro
KC

MP for Roxburgh and Selkirk [nb 3]
(1868–1955)
10 December
1916
19 October
1922
Liberal Lloyd George
(I & II)

(Lib.Con.Lab.)
Ronald Munro Ferguson (Barnett-02) The Right Honourable
Ronald Munro Ferguson
1st Viscount Novar
GCMG PC

(1860–1934)
24 October
1922
22 January
1924
Independent Law
Baldwin I
William Adamson The Right Honourable
William Adamson

MP for West Fife
(1863–1936)
22 January
1924
3 November
1924
Labour MacDonald I
SirJohnGilmour The Right Honourable
Sir John Gilmour
Bt DSO TD JP DL

MP for Glasgow Pollok
(1876–1940)
6 November
1924
26 July
1926
Unionist Baldwin II

Secretaries of State for Scotland (1926–present)

Secretary of State for Scotland
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Ministry Ref.
SirJohnGilmour The Right Honourable
Sir John Gilmour
Bt DSO TD JP DL

MP for Glasgow Pollok
(1876–1940)
15 July
1926
4 June
1929
Unionist Baldwin II [8]
William Adamson The Right Honourable
William Adamson

MP for West Fife
(1863–1936)
7 June
1929
24 August
1931
Labour MacDonald II
The Air Ministry, 1939-1945. CH10270 The Right Honourable
Sir Archibald Sinclair
Bt CMG

MP for Caithness and Sutherland
(1890–1970)
25 August
1931
28 September
1932
Liberal National I
(N.Lab.Con.Lib.N.Lib.)
[9]
National II
(N.Lab.Con.Lib.N.Lib.)
Sir Godfrey Collins The Right Honourable
Sir Godfrey Collins
KBE CMG

MP for Greenock
(1875–1936)
28 September
1932
29 October
1936
Liberal National [10]
National III
(Con.N.Lab.Lib.N.)
Walter Elliott MP The Right Honourable
Dr Walter Elliot
MC FRS FRSE

MP for Glasgow Kelvingrove
(1888–1958)
29 October
1936
6 May
1938
Unionist [11]
National IV
(Con.N.Lab.Lib.N.)
The Right Honourable
John Colville

MP for Midlothian and Peebles Northern
(1894–1954)
6 May
1938
10 May
1940
Unionist [12]
Chamberlain War
(Con.N.Lab.Lib.N.)
BrownErnest The Right Honourable
Ernest Brown

MP for Leith
(1881–1962)
14 May
1940
8 February
1941
Liberal National Churchill War
(All parties)
[13]
The Right Honourable
Thomas Johnston

MP for West Stirlingshire
(1881–1965)
8 February
1941
23 May
1945
Labour [14]
Lord Dalmeny Vanity Fair 1904-09-22.jpeg The Right Honourable
Harry Primrose
6th Earl of Rosebery
DSO MC PC

(1882–1974)
25 May
1945
26 July
1945
Liberal National Churchill Caretaker
(Con.N.Lib.)
No image The Right Honourable
Joseph Westwood

MP for Stirling and Falkirk
(1884–1948)
3 August
1945
7 October
1947
Labour Attlee
(I & II)
[15]
No image The Right Honourable
Arthur Woodburn

MP for Clackmannan and Eastern Stirlingshire
(1890–1978)
7 October
1947
28 February
1950
Labour [16]
No image The Right Honourable
Hector McNeil

MP for Greenock
(1907–1955)
28 February
1950
26 October
1951
Labour [17]
The Right Honourable
James Stuart
MVO MC

MP for Moray and Nairn
(1897–1971)
30 October
1951
13 January
1957
Unionist Churchill III
Eden
The Right Honourable
John Maclay
CMG

MP for West Renfrewshire
(1905–1992)
13 January
1957
13 July
1962
Unionist Macmillan
(I & II)
[18]
The Right Honourable
Michael Noble

MP for Argyllshire
(1913–1984)
13 July
1962
16 October
1964
Unionist [19]
Douglas-Home
No image The Right Honourable
Willie Ross
MBE

MP for Kilmarnock
(1911–1988)
18 October
1964
19 June
1970
Labour Wilson
(I & II)
[20]
The Right Honourable
Gordon Campbell
MC

MP for Moray and Nairn
(1921–2005)
20 June
1970
4 March
1974
Conservative Heath
No image The Right Honourable
Willie Ross
MBE

MP for Kilmarnock
(1911–1988)
5 March
1974
8 April
1976
Labour Wilson
(III & IV)
[20]
The Right Honourable
Bruce Millan

MP for Glasgow Craigton
(1927–2013)
8 April
1976
4 May
1979
Labour Callaghan [21]
George Younger.JPEG The Right Honourable
George Younger
TD

MP for Ayr
(1931–2003)
5 May
1979
11 January
1986
Conservative Thatcher I [22]
Thatcher II
Malcolm Rifkind The Right Honourable
Malcolm Rifkind
QC

MP for Edinburgh Pentlands
(born 1946)
11 January
1986
28 November
1990
Conservative [23]
Thatcher III
Ian Lang, Baron Lang of Monkton The Right Honourable
Ian Lang

MP for Galloway and Upper Nithsdale
(born 1940)
28 November
1990
5 July
1995
Conservative Major I [24]
Major II
No image The Right Honourable
Michael Forsyth

MP for Stirling
(born 1954)
5 July
1995
2 May
1997
Conservative [25]
Donald Dewar The Right Honourable
Donald Dewar

MP for Glasgow Anniesland
(1937–2000)
3 May
1997
17 May
1999
Labour Blair
(I–III)
[26]
ReidTaormina crop The Right Honourable
Dr John Reid

MP for Hamilton North and Bellshill
(born 1949)
17 May
1999
25 January
2001
Labour [27]
Official portrait of Baroness Liddell of Coatdyke crop 2 The Right Honourable
Helen Liddell

MP for Airdrie and Shotts
(born 1950)
25 January
2001
13 June
2003
Labour [28]
AlistairDarlingABr cropped The Right Honourable
Alistair Darling
[nb 4]
MP for Edinburgh South West [nb 5]
(born 1953)
13 June
2003
5 May
2006
Labour [29]
Douglas Alexander at the India Economic Summit 2008 The Right Honourable
Douglas Alexander
[nb 4]
MP for Paisley and Renfrewshire South
(born 1967)
5 May
2006
27 June
2007
Labour [30]
Official portrait of Lord Browne of Ladyton crop 2 The Right Honourable
Des Browne
[nb 6]
MP for Kilmarnock and Loudoun
(born 1952)
28 June
2007
3 October
2008
Labour Brown [31]
Jim Murphy, April 2009 cropped The Right Honourable
Jim Murphy

MP for East Renfrewshire
(born 1967)
3 October
2008
11 May
2010
Labour [32]
Danny alexander hi The Right Honourable
Danny Alexander

MP for Inverness, Nairn, Badenoch and Strathspey
(born 1972)
11 May
2010
29 May
2010
Liberal Democrat Cameron–Clegg
(Con.L.D.)
[33]
Michael Moore, Secretary of State for Scotland The Right Honourable
Michael Moore

MP for Berwickshire, Roxburgh and Selkirk
(born 1965)
29 May
2010
7 October
2013
Liberal Democrat [34]
Official portrait of Mr Alistair Carmichael crop 2 The Right Honourable
Alistair Carmichael

MP for Orkney and Shetland
(born 1965)
7 October
2013
8 May
2015
Liberal Democrat [35]
Official portrait of David Mundell crop 2 The Right Honourable
David Mundell
WS

MP for Dumfriesshire, Clydesdale and Tweeddale
(born 1962)
11 May
2015
Incumbent Conservative  
Cameron II
 
[36]
May I
May II
Notes
  1. ^ Duke of Lennox in the peerage of Scotland
  2. ^ MP for Forfar until 1909; created Baron Pentland 1909
  3. ^ MP for Wick Burghs until 1918; MP for Roxburgh and Selkirk thereafter
  4. ^ a b Concurrently served as Secretary of State for Transport
  5. ^ MP for Edinburgh Central until 2005; MP for Edinburgh South West thereafter
  6. ^ Concurrently served as Secretary of State for Defence

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Secretary of State for Scotland - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
  2. ^ a b "SNP questions budget of 'zombie department' Scotland Office". STV News. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
  3. ^ "BBC NEWS | UK | Scotland | Scrap Scotland Office, SNP urging". news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
  4. ^ Secretary for Scotland Act 1885, section 2.
  5. ^ Secretaries of State Act 1926
  6. ^ Secretary for Scotland Act 1885, section 2; Secretaries of State Act 1926, section 1
  7. ^ Scotland Act 1998, section 45(7)
  8. ^ "Mr John Gilmour". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  9. ^ "Sir Archibald Sinclair". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  10. ^ "Mr Godfrey Collins". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  11. ^ "Mr Walter Elliot". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  12. ^ "Mr John Colville". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  13. ^ "Mr Ernest Brown". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  14. ^ "Mr Thomas Johnston". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  15. ^ "Mr Joseph Westwood". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  16. ^ "Mr Arthur Woodburn". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  17. ^ "Mr Hector McNeill". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  18. ^ "Hon. John Maclay". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  19. ^ "Mr Michael Noble". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  20. ^ a b "Mr William Ross". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  21. ^ "Rt Hon Sir George Younger". UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  22. ^ "Rt Hon Bruce Millan". UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  23. ^ "Rt Hon Sir Malcolm Rifkind QC". UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  24. ^ "Lord Lang of Monkton". UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  25. ^ "Lord Forsyth of Drumlean". UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  26. ^ "Rt Hon Donald Dewar". UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  27. ^ "Lord Reid of Cardowan". UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  28. ^ "Baroness Liddell of Coatdyke". UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  29. ^ "Lord Darling of Roulanish". UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  30. ^ "Rt Hon Douglas Alexander". UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  31. ^ "Lord Browne of Ladyton". UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  32. ^ "Rt Hon Jim Murphy". UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  33. ^ "Rt Hon Danny Alexander". UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  34. ^ "Rt Hon Michael Moore". UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  35. ^ "Rt Hon Alistair Carmichael MP". UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  36. ^ "Rt Hon David Mundell MP". UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 September 2017.

External links

Alistair Carmichael

Alexander Morrison "Alistair" Carmichael (born 15 July 1965) is a Liberal Democrat politician and has served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Orkney and Shetland since the 2001 general election. He was the only Scottish MP representing the Liberal Democrats in the House of Commons during the 57th Parliament (2015-2017).

He is the Deputy Leader of the Scottish Liberal Democrats and, from 7 October 2013 to 8 May 2015, was the Secretary of State for Scotland in the Conservative-Lib Dem coalition government. Prior to the 2015 general election, Carmichael approved the leak of a false memo to The Daily Telegraph alleging that the First Minister Nicola Sturgeon preferred David Cameron of the Conservative Party to be Prime Minister over then-Labour leader, Ed Miliband. At the time of the leak, he denied all knowledge of it, but later apologised after his role was identified by a subsequent Cabinet Office enquiry.

Baron Clydesmuir

Baron Clydesmuir, of Braidwood in the County of Lanark, Scotland, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1948 for the Unionist politician John Colville. He served as Secretary of State for Scotland from 1938 to 1940. His son, the second Baron, was Governor of the Bank of Scotland and Lord Lieutenant of Lanarkshire. As of 2010 the title is held by the latter's son, the third Baron, who succeeded in 1996.

John Colville, father of the first Baron, represented North East Lanarkshire in the House of Commons as a Liberal.

Bruce Millan

Bruce Millan (5 October 1927 – 21 February 2013) was a Scottish Labour politician.

Danny Alexander

Sir Daniel Grian Alexander (born 15 May 1972) is a Scottish banker who is vice president and corporate secretary at the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank. He was a Liberal Democrat politician who was Chief Secretary to the Treasury between 2010 and 2015. He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Inverness, Nairn, Badenoch & Strathspey constituency from 2005 until the general election in May 2015, when he was defeated by Drew Hendry of the Scottish National Party (SNP).

In his first parliamentary term (2005–2010), Alexander was the Liberal Democrat Shadow Secretary for Work and Pensions, the chief of staff to party leader, Nick Clegg, and Chair of the Liberal Democrat Manifesto Group (2007–2010).With the 2010 General Election producing a hung parliament, he was one of the four man Liberal Democrat negotiating team in the drawing up of the coalition document for the new Coalition Government with the Conservative Party. Alexander was initially appointed Secretary of State for Scotland, but at the end of May 2010, he was promoted to Chief Secretary to the Treasury, following the resignation of David Laws.He was knighted in the 2015 Dissolution Honours Lists on 27 August 2015.

David Mundell

David Gordon Mundell, (born 27 May 1962) is a British Conservative Party politician and solicitor. He was appointed Secretary of State for Scotland in May 2015, the first openly gay Conservative to hold a ministerial position in the Cabinet of the United Kingdom. He has been the Member of Parliament (MP) of Dumfriesshire, Clydesdale and Tweeddale in Scotland since 2005.

He was elected as MP for Dumfriesshire, Clydesdale and Tweeddale in 2005 and was promoted to Shadow Secretary of State for Scotland from 2005 to 2010 and Under-Secretary of State for Scotland from 2010 to 2015. He has served in the Cabinet as Scotland Secretary since 2015, the first Conservative to hold the position since Michael Forsyth in 1997.

Douglas Alexander

Douglas Garven Alexander (born 26 October 1967) is a British Labour Party politician who served in the Cabinet from 2006 to 2010 under Prime Ministers Tony Blair and Gordon Brown in the roles of Secretary of State for Scotland, Secretary of State for Transport and Secretary of State for International Development. He subsequently served in Labour leader Ed Miliband's Shadow Cabinet as Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions and Shadow Foreign Secretary. He was a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1997 to 2015, representing the Scottish constituencies of Paisley South (1997–2005) and Paisley and Renfrewshire South (2005–15).

Alexander was first elected to Parliament in the Paisley South by-election in 1997. In 2003, he became a minister and held several positions including Minister of State for Europe from 2005–06. At the 2005 general election, the Paisley South constituency was abolished and Alexander was elected to represent its successor seat of Paisley and Renfrewshire South. He was appointed to the Cabinet by Tony Blair in 2006, serving as both Secretary of State for Scotland and Secretary of State for Transport. When Gordon Brown replaced Blair as Prime Minister in 2007, Alexander became the Secretary of State for International Development.

After Labour lost the 2010 general election and Ed Miliband became the party's leader, Alexander was elected to the Shadow Cabinet and was made the Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions. He held this position until a 2011 reshuffle, when he was appointed Shadow Foreign Secretary. In October 2013, he was appointed by Miliband as the party's Chair of General Election Strategy. In 2015, he failed to be re-elected to the Paisley and Renfrewshire South seat in the House of Commons, when it was won by Mhairi Black of the Scottish National Party.

Godfrey Collins

Sir Godfrey Pattison Collins, (26 June 1875 – 13 October 1936) was a Scottish Liberal Party (and later National Liberal Party) politician.

He entered the Royal Navy in 1888 and was a midshipman, East Indian Station from 1890 to 1893. He was elected as Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) for Greenock in 1910 and sat for the constituency until his death (from 1931 as a Liberal National).

He was Parliamentary Private Secretary to J. B. Seely, as Secretary of State for War from 1910 to 1914, and to J. W. Gulland, Chief Liberal Whip from 1915. He served in Egypt, Gallipoli, and Mesopotamia from 1915 to 1917, and was appointed a Lieutenant-Colonel in September 1916. He was a Junior Lord of the Treasury from 1919 to 1920 and Chief Liberal Whip from November 1924 to 1926. From 1932 to 1936 he served as Secretary of State for Scotland.

As Secretary of State for Scotland he was responsible for over thirty Bills affecting Scotland, chiefly: a scheme for the creation of smallholdings, the Herring Industry Act of 1935 (establishing the Herring Industry Board), the Illegal Trawling (Scotland) Act, the Education (Scotland) Bill of 1936, which sought to raise the school leaving age to fifteen from 1939, and the Housing (Scotland) Act of 1935, which laid down a statutory standard of overcrowding and sought to effect widespread slum clearances and the building of low-rent accommodation for low-wage earners.

He was appointed a CMG in 1917, KBE in 1919 and a Privy Counsellor in 1932.

Gordon Campbell, Baron Campbell of Croy

Gordon Thomas Calthrop Campbell, Baron Campbell of Croy, MC, PC, DL (8 June 1921 – 26 April 2005) was a Scottish Conservative & Unionist politician.

Hector McNeil

Hector McNeil (10 March 1907 – 11 October 1955) was a Scottish Labour politician.

McNeil was educated at Woodside School and the University of Glasgow, trained as an engineer and worked as a journalist on a Scottish national newspaper. He was a member of Glasgow Town Council from 1932 to 1938. He chaired Glasgow Trades Council and stood for Parliament unsuccessfully in Galloway in 1929 and 1931, in Glasgow Kelvingrove in 1935 and in Ross and Cromarty in 1936. He was elected Member of Parliament for Greenock unopposed in a wartime by-election in 1941.Following the 1945 election, McNeil became Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. He was promoted to Minister of State at the Foreign Office in October 1946, de facto deputy to the Foreign Secretary, Ernest Bevin, and appointed a member of the Privy Council. Through his position at the Foreign Office, he was vice-president of the United Nations General Assembly in 1947 and leader of the British delegation to the Economic Commission for Europe, 1948. It was later revealed that his personal assistant and private secretary at the time, Guy Burgess, was a Soviet agent, although McNeil never came under suspicion.

He served as Secretary of State for Scotland from February 1950 until October 1951 in the government of Clement Attlee. McNeil died shortly after keeping his seat in the 1955 election.

Helen Liddell

Helen Lawrie Liddell, Baroness Liddell of Coatdyke, PC (born 6 December 1950) is a British Labour Party politician who served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Monklands East from 1994 to 1997, and then for Airdrie and Shotts until 2005.

Liddell then became the British High Commissioner to Australia until 2009, having previously been appointed a Cabinet Minister as Secretary of State for Scotland.

On 28 May 2010, it was announced in the Dissolution Honours List that she would be created a Life Peer.

John McTernan

John McTernan (born 1959) is a British political strategist and commentator. He has been a political adviser to the Labour Party.

McTernan was Prime Minister Tony Blair's Director of Political Operations from 2005 to 2007. He then worked on the November 2007 Australian Labor Party federal election campaign. From 2007 to 2010 he was special adviser to two Cabinet Ministers in Gordon Brown's Labour Government: first to Des Browne, Secretary of State for Scotland and Secretary of State for Defence. and then to Jim Murphy MP, the Secretary of State for Scotland from 2008 until May 2010. From June 2010 to October 2011 he was a columnist at The Scotsman, and then director of communications for the Australian Labor prime minister, Julia Gillard, from September 2011 to June 2013.

He was Chief of Staff to the 2014–2015 leader of the Scottish Labour Party, Jim Murphy, who resigned after the Labour Party lost all but one seat in Scotland, including Murphy's, in the 2015 general election.

Joseph Westwood

Joseph Westwood (11 February 1884 – 17 July 1948) was a Scottish Labour politician.

Educated at Buckhaven Higher Grade School, he worked as a draper's apprentice, messenger boy and miner. Westwood was an Industrial Organiser for Fife miners from 1916–18 and a political organiser for Scottish Miners from 1918 to 1929.

Michael Moore (British politician)

Michael Kevin Moore (born 3 June 1965) is a British Liberal Democrat politician.

Born in Northern Ireland, but largely raised in Scotland, he qualified as a chartered accountant and worked as a researcher to the prominent Liberal Democrat politician, David Steel. At the 1997 general election, Moore succeeded Steel as the Liberal Democrat MP for the Scottish Borders constituency of Tweeddale, Ettrick and Lauderdale (Berwickshire, Roxburgh & Selkirk from 2005). He joined the Liberal Democrat Frontbench Team in 2005, and held many portfolios, including Defence, Foreign Affairs, International Development and Northern Ireland & Scotland (joint).

Following the 2010 general election, and the formation of the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition, the cabinet post of Scottish Secretary was given to the Liberal Democrats, initially Danny Alexander. However following the resignation of Chief Secretary to the Treasury David Laws a month later, Alexander took his role, and Moore was appointed the Scottish Secretary on 29 May 2010. After entering office, Moore oversaw the implementation of the Scotland Act 2012, which granted further devolution to Scotland. He was removed from the post in a Cabinet reshuffle in October 2013.

Moore was elected on two occasions (2005 and 2010) to serve as Member of Parliament (MP) for the constituency of Berwickshire, Roxburgh and Selkirk, and was returned on two earlier occasions (1997 and 2001) as MP for the previous constituency of Tweeddale, Ettrick and Lauderdale. He was defeated in the 2015 general election by Calum Kerr, the SNP candidate.

Office of the Secretary of State for Scotland

The Office of the Secretary of State for Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Oifis Rùnaire na Stàite airson Alba), often referred to as the Scotland Office, is a UK government department headed by the Secretary of State for Scotland and responsible for Scottish affairs within the British Government. Its role combines with that of the Ministry of Justice in HM Government.

Scottish Office

The Scottish Office was a department of the United Kingdom Government from 1885 until 1999, exercising a wide range of government functions in relation to Scotland under the control of the Secretary of State for Scotland. Following the establishment of the Scottish Parliament in 1999, most of its work was transferred to the newly established Scottish Executive, (now officially the Scottish Government) with a small residue of functions retained by the Scotland Office.

Shadow Secretary of State for Scotland

The Shadow Secretary of State for Scotland is a member of the UK Shadow Cabinet responsible for the scrutiny of the Secretary of State for Scotland and his/her department, the Scotland Office. The most recent incumbent was Lesley Laird.

Under-Secretary of State for Scotland

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Scotland, often referred to as Under-Secretary of State for Scotland is a junior ministerial post (of Parliamentary Under Secretary of State rank) in the United Kingdom government, supporting the Secretary of State for Scotland. The post was first established as the Parliamentary Under-Secretary for Health for Scotland in 1919, before becoming the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Scotland in 1926. Additional Parliamentary Under-Secretary posts were added in 1940 and 1951 and a Minister of State post was established in 1951. In 1969-70, one of the Under-Secretary posts was replaced by an additional Minister of State. From 1974 to 1979, there were two Ministers of State and three Under-Secretaries, reverting to one Minister of State in 1979. In 1997, the second Minister of State post was reinstated, and a fourth Under-Secretary post was briefly added from August 1998.

Following devolution in 1999, the number of ministers was reduced. There is now only one Under-Secretary to support the Secretary of State, and no Minister of State.

William Adamson

William Adamson (2 April 1863 – 23 February 1936) was a Scottish trade unionist and Labour politician. He was Leader of the Labour Party between 1917-1921 and served as Secretary of State for Scotland in 1924 and between 1929-1931 in the first two Labour ministries headed by Ramsay MacDonald.

Willie Ross, Baron Ross of Marnock

William Ross, Baron Ross of Marnock, (7 April 1911 – 10 June 1988) was the longest serving Secretary of State for Scotland, holding office from 1964 to 1970 and again from 1974 to 1976, throughout the premiership of Harold Wilson.

Great Offices of State
Other Cabinet posts
Also attend Cabinet
Secretary of State
Under-Secretary of State
Advocate General
Scotland articles
History
Geography
Politics
Economy
Society

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.