Secretary for Overseas Trade

The Secretary for Overseas Trade was a junior Ministerial position in the United Kingdom government from 1917 until 1953, subordinate to the President of the Board of Trade. The office was replaced by the Minister of State for Trade on 3 September 1953.

Hamar Greenwood (Bain Collection)
Sir Hamar Greenwood, Bt, later Viscount Greenwood, who served as Secretary for Overseas Trade between 1919 and 1920.

Secretaries for Overseas Trade, 1917-1953

Name Entered office Left office
Sir Arthur Steel-Maitland, Bt 1917 1919
Sir Hamar Greenwood, Bt 1919 1920
F. G. Kellaway 1920 1921
Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame 1921 1922
Sir William Joynson-Hicks, Bt 1922 March 1923
Albert Buckley March 1923 November 1923
Vacant November 1923 1924
William Lunn 1924 1924
Arthur Samuel 1924 1927
Douglas Hacking 1927 1929
George Gillett 1929 1931
Sir Hilton Young 1931 1931
John Colville 1931 1935
Euan Wallace 1935 1937
Robert Hudson 1937 1940
Geoffrey Shakespeare 1940 1940
Harcourt Johnstone 1940 1945
Spencer Summers 1945 1945
Hilary Marquand 1945 1947
Harold Wilson 1947 1947
Arthur Bottomley 1947 1951
Henry Hopkinson 1951 1952
Harry Mackeson 1952 3 September 1953
1921 Bedford by-election

The Bedford by-election, 1921 was a parliamentary by-election held for the House of Commons constituency of Bedford on 23 April 1921.

Albert Buckley

Lt.-Col. Albert Buckley (10 April 1877 – 13 November 1965) was a British Conservative politician and businessman.

Arthur Samuel, 1st Baron Mancroft

Arthur Michael Samuel, 1st Baron Mancroft (6 December 1872 – 17 August 1942) was a British Conservative politician.

Arthur Steel-Maitland

Sir Arthur Herbert Drummond Ramsay Steel-Maitland, 1st Baronet (5 July 1876 – 30 March 1935) was a British Conservative politician. He was the first Chairman of the Conservative Party from 1911 to 1916 and held junior office from 1915 to 1919 in David Lloyd George's coalition government. From 1924 to 1929 he was Minister of Labour under Stanley Baldwin, with a seat in the cabinet.

Department of Overseas Trade (United Kingdom)

The Department of Overseas Trade was formed on 21 March 1918 by the Foreign Office and the Board of Trade to control commercial representatives and services abroad and to collate and disseminate overseas commercial intelligence. It was headed by the Parliamentary Secretary for Overseas Trade. The department existed until 20 March 1946, when its responsibilities were transferred to the newly-formed Export Promotion Department of the Board of Trade.

Douglas Hacking, 1st Baron Hacking

Douglas Hewitt Hacking, 1st Baron Hacking OBE, PC, DL, JP (4 August 1884 – 29 July 1950) was a British Conservative politician.

Euan Wallace

Captain David Euan Wallace, MC (20 April 1892 – 9 February 1941) was a British Conservative politician who briefly served as Minister of Transport during World War II. He was the son of John Wallace, of Glassingall, Dunblane, Perthshire.

Frederick Kellaway

Frederick George Kellaway PC (3 December 1870 – 13 April 1933), often called F. G. Kellaway, was a Liberal Party politician in the United Kingdom, and Member of Parliament for Bedford from December 1910 to 1922.

Kellaway's father, William Hamley Kellaway, had a joinery and picture frame business in Bristol, where Frederick was born. He became a journalist and then edited a number of local newspapers in Lewisham, before being elected to Parliament in 1910.

Kellaway served as Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Munitions 1916-1920; Secretary for Overseas Trade 1920-1921; and Postmaster General 1921-1922 in the Coalition Government 1916-1922. He was appointed to the Privy Council in the 1920 Birthday Honours.

Following his political career, Kellaway became Managing Director of Marconi.

Kellaway died on 13 April 1933, aged 62, and is buried in St Mary's Churchyard, Tatsfield, Surrey.

George Gillett (politician)

Sir George Masterman Gillett (1870 – 10 August 1939) was a British banker and politician.Born in Islington, he was the son of George Gillett, a banker and member of a well-known Quaker family. He was educated at a Society of Friends boarding school in Scarborough, Yorkshire and in Paris. In 1894 he became a partner the family business of Gillett Brothers, discount bankers of Lombard Street in the City of London.Gillett was very active in charitable and social work in London, and in 1898 founded the Peel Institute, to "advance the mental, physical, religious, moral and social education of persons and the promotion of facilities for the recreation or other leisure time occupation of those who by reason of age, youth, infirmity, disablement, poverty or social and economic circumstances are in need of such facilities, with the object of improving their conditions of life".When the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury was created in 1900, Gillett was elected to the first borough council, serving for six years. He was subsequently elected to the London County Council in 1910, representing East Finsbury as a member of the majority Progressive Party until 1922, and as an alderman from 1922 to 1925.At the 1922 general election Gillett was nominated as the Labour Party's candidate to contest the Finsbury constituency. Although unsuccessful on this occasion, in the following year another general election was held and he became Finsbury's member of parliament. He held the seat at the 1924 1929 general elections. With the formation of the Second Labour Government in 1929 he received the post of Secretary for Overseas Trade in the Board of Trade.

When a National Government was formed in 1931, Gillett was one of the minority of Labour MPs who continued to support the premiership of Ramsay MacDonald, forming what became the National Labour Organisation. He held the seat for the National Government in the election of 1931, and was appointed Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Transport. In the 1931 Dissolution Honours he was knighted. He was defeated by his Labour Party opponent, the Reverend George Saville Woods at the 1935 general election.In 1936 he was appointed as Commissioner for the Special Areas in England and Wales. The "special areas" were localities of very high unemployment, and the commissioners were empowered to make grants to local authorities for works such as water supply and sewage works, hospitals and social amenities. Gillett retired from the post in May 1939 due to ill health. He died in August of the same year at his home in Letchworth, Hertfordshire.

Hamar Greenwood, 1st Viscount Greenwood

Hamar Greenwood, 1st Viscount Greenwood, PC, KC (7 February 1870 – 10 September 1948), known as Sir Hamar Greenwood, Bt, between 1915 and 1929 and as The Lord Greenwood between 1929 and 1937, was a Canadian-born British lawyer and politician. He served as the last Chief Secretary for Ireland between 1920 and 1922. Both his sons died unmarried, so that the title of Viscount Greenwood became extinct in 2003.

Harold Wilson

James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was a British Labour politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and 1974 to 1976.

Entering Parliament in 1945, Wilson was appointed a parliamentary secretary in the Attlee ministry and rose quickly through the ministerial ranks; he became Secretary for Overseas Trade in 1947 and was elevated to Cabinet shortly thereafter as President of the Board of Trade. In opposition to the next Conservative government, he served as Shadow Chancellor (1955–1961) and Shadow Foreign Secretary (1961–1963). Hugh Gaitskell, then Labour leader, died suddenly in 1963 and Wilson was elected leader. Narrowly winning the 1964 general election, Wilson won an increased majority in a snap 1966 election.

Wilson's first period as Prime Minister coincided with a period of low unemployment and relative economic prosperity, though hindered by significant problems with Britain's external balance of payments. In 1969 he sent British troops to Northern Ireland. After losing the 1970 election to Edward Heath, he spent four years as Leader of the Opposition before the February 1974 election resulted in a hung parliament. After Heath's talks with the Liberals broke down, Wilson returned to power as leader of a minority government until another general election in October, resulting in a narrow Labour victory. A period of economic crisis had begun to hit most Western countries, and in 1976 Wilson suddenly announced his resignation as Prime Minister.

Wilson's approach to socialism was moderate compared to others in his party at the time, emphasising programmes aimed at increasing opportunity in society, rather than on the controversial socialist goal of promoting wider public ownership of industry; he took little action to pursue the Labour constitution's stated dedication to nationalisation, though he did not formally disown it. Himself a member of the party's "soft left", Wilson joked about leading a cabinet made up mostly of social democrats, comparing himself to a Bolshevik revolutionary presiding over a Tsarist cabinet, but there was arguably little to divide him ideologically from the cabinet majority.Overall, Wilson is seen to have managed a number of difficult political issues with considerable tactical skill, including such potentially divisive issues for his party as the role of public ownership, membership of the European Community, and the Vietnam War; he refused to allow British troops to take part, while continuing to maintain a costly military presence east of Suez. His stated ambition of substantially improving Britain's long-term economic performance was left largely unfulfilled. He lost his energy and drive in his second premiership, and accomplished little as the leadership split over Europe and trade union issues began tearing Labour apart.

Harry Mackeson

Sir Harry Ripley Mackeson, 1st Baronet (25 May 1905 – 25 January 1964) was a British soldier and Conservative politician.

Mackeson was the son of Henry Mackeson and Ella Cecil Ripley. He served in the Royal Scots Greys regiment of the British Army and achieved the rank of Brigadier. In 1945 he was elected to the House of Commons for Hythe, a seat he held until 1950 when the constituency was abolished, and then represented Folkestone and Hythe until 1959. Mackeson served under Winston Churchill as a Lord of the Treasury from 1951 to 1952 and as Secretary for Overseas Trade from 1952 to 1953. In 1954 he was created a Baronet, of Hythe in the County of Kent.

Mackeson married Alethea Cecil Chetwynd-Talbot, daughter of Reginald George Chetwynd-Talbot, in 1940. He died in January 1964, aged 58, and was succeeded in the baronetcy by his son Rupert.

Henry Hopkinson, 1st Baron Colyton

Henry Lennox D'Aubigne Hopkinson, 1st Baron Colyton, PC (3 January 1902 – 6 January 1996) was a British diplomat and Conservative politician.

Colyton was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge, and then joined the Diplomatic Service. He served in various positions at the British embassies in Washington and Stockholm and was also assistant private secretary to the Foreign Secretary, Sir John Simon, from 1932 to 1934 and First Secretary to the War Cabinet Office from 1939 to 1940. He then served as private secretary to the Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Sir Alexander Cadogan, between 1940 and 1941 and to Oliver Lyttelton, Minister of State in the Middle East, from 1941 to 1943, being posted to Cairo. Colyton was stationed in Lisbon from 1943 to 1944 and from 1944 to 1946 he served as Deputy High Commissioner and Vice-President of the Allied Commission in Italy.

He resigned from the Diplomatic Service the latter year to work for the Conservative Party and was Head of the Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat and Joint Director of the Conservative Research Department between 1946 and 1949. The following year, in 1950, he was elected Member of Parliament for Taunton, a seat he held until 1956, and served under Winston Churchill as Secretary for Overseas Trade from 1951 to 1952 and as Minister of State for Colonial Affairs from 1952 to 1955. Hopkinson was also a Delegate to the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe from 1950 to 1952 and to the General Assembly of the United Nations from 1952 to 1955. He was admitted to the Privy Council in 1952 and in 1956 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Colyton, of Farway in the County of Devon and of Taunton in the County of Somerset.

Lord Colyton married Alice Labouisse Eno, daughter of Henry Lane Eno, a banker and Princeton University Professor, in 1927. They had one son and one daughter. After his first wife's death in 1953 he married, secondly, Barbara Estella Barb, who had previously been married to cartoonist Charles Addams, in 1956. Lord Colyton died in January 1996, aged 94, and was succeeded in the barony by his grandson Alisdair Hopkinson, his eldest son Hon. Nicholas Henry Eno Hopkinson having predeceased him.

Hilary Marquand

Hilary Adair Marquand, (24 December 1901 – 6 November 1972) was a British economist and Labour Party politician.

Mackeson baronets

The Mackeson Baronetcy, of Hythe in the County of Kent, is a title in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 29 January 1954 for the Conservative politician Harry Mackeson. He served as Secretary for Overseas Trade from 1952 to 1953. As of 2010 the title is held by his son, the second Baronet, who succeeded in 1964. He is an author using the pseudonym Rupert Collens.

Spencer Summers

Sir Gerard Spencer Summers (27 October 1902 – 19 January 1976), known as Spencer Summers, was a British Conservative politician. He was born in Flintshire, Wales in 1902 and educated at Wellington School and Trinity College, Cambridge. He became a director of the family business of John Summers & Sons, steelmakers.

During the Second World War (1940-1945) he was the elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Northampton and appointed the Director-General of Regional Organisation at the Ministry of Supply. In 1945, he was the Secretary for Overseas Trade in the post-war caretaker government.

In 1946 he also assumed the role of first chairman of the Outward Bound Trust. He was also a Governor of UWC Atlantic College from its opening in 1962-76, and was on the foundation committee for three years prior to its opening.He was MP for Aylesbury from 1950 until his retirement in 1970. He was knighted in 1956 and selected High Sheriff of Northamptonshire for 1974-75.

Wellingborough (UK Parliament constituency)

Wellingborough is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Peter Bone, a Conservative.

William Anstruther-Gray, Baron Kilmany

William John St Clair Anstruther-Gray, Baron Kilmany, MC PC (5 March 1905 – 6 August 1985) was a Scottish Unionist Party politician.

The only son of Col William Anstruther-Gray of Kilmany and Clayre Jessie Tennant, he was educated at Eton College and at Christ Church, Oxford, England. In 1934, he married Monica Helen only child of Geoffrey Lambton, 2nd son of 4th Earl of Durham.

He served as a Lieutenant in the Coldstream Guards from 1926–30, and with the Shanghai Defence Force in 1927–28.

He was elected as Unionist Member of Parliament (MP) for North Lanarkshire, in Scotland, in 1931, holding the seat until 1945. Until September 1939, he served as Parliamentary Private Secretary to Financial Secretary to the Treasury, and to Secretary for Overseas Trade, and latterly to Sir John Colville, Secretary of State for Scotland.

In September 1939, he rejoined the Coldstream Guards and served in North Africa, France and Germany with Coldstream Guards and Lothians and Border Horse. He was promoted to the rank of Major in 1942. He was awarded the Military Cross in 1943.

He served as Assistant Postmaster-General from May–July 1945. He contested Berwick and East Lothian in February 1950, and was elected for the seat in 1951, holding it until 1966. He was Chairman of Ways and Means and Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons from 1962–64 (having been Deputy Chairman from 1959–62). He was Chairman of the 1922 Committee from 1964–66.

He was appointed Deputy Lieutenant of Fife in 1953, and Lord Lieutenant of Fife from 1975–80. He was also the Crown nominee for Scotland on the General Medical Council from 1952–65.

He was created a baronet in 1956, appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1962.

On his retirement from the House of Commons in 1966, he was created a life peer as Baron Kilmany, of Kilmany in the County of Fife. His wife died in 1985, he in August the same year aged 80.

William Lunn

William Lunn (1 November 1872 – 17 May 1942) was a Labour Party politician in the United Kingdom.

Born in Rothwell, Lunn began working as a coal miner when he was twelve years old. He was later elected as checkweighman at Middleton Colliery, serving for twenty years.Lunn was a supporter of the Labour Party, and served on Rothwell Urban District Council and the Hunslet Board of Guardians. He stood unsuccessfully in the Holmfirth by-election, 1912. He was elected at the 1918 general election as Member of Parliament (MP) for the newly created Rothwell constituency, and held the seat until he died in office in 1942, aged 69.In 1924, Lunn served in Ramsay MacDonald's short-lived First Labour Government as Secretary for Overseas Trade, a junior ministerial post subordinate to the President of the Board of Trade.When the Second Labour Government took office in June 1929, Lunn was appointed as Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies. He was moved in December that year to the post of Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs, and held that position until the formation of the National Government in August 1931.From 1931 until 1936, Lunn served on the National Executive Committee of the Labour Party.

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