Secret Society of Super Villains

The Secret Society of Super Villains (SSoSV) (also known simply as Secret Society or The Society) is a group of supervillains appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. First introduced in their own eponymous series with issue #1 (May–June 1976), the group consists of enemies of members of the Justice League of America.

Secret Society of Super Villains
Villainsunited1
Lex Luthor's Secret Society of Super Villains as seen in Villains United: Infinite Crisis Special (2006)
Art by Karl Kerschl
Publication information
PublisherDC Comics
First appearanceSecret Society of Super Villains #1 (May–June 1976)
Created byGerry Conway (writer)
Pablo Marcos (artist)
In-story information
Base(s)Gotham City
Member(s)List of Secret Society of Super Villains members

Series conception

Editor Gerry Conway created the team to be "a kind of 'evil' Justice League". Since other editors were somewhat possessive towards the more popular DC Comics supervillains, Conway resorted to sifting through DC's back issues in search of members, finally selecting a lineup of relatively obscure and/or forgotten villains.[1]

The first issue of Secret Society of Super Villains was drafted with artwork by Pablo Marcos. Then, according to Conway's assistant Paul Levitz,

Custom in those years was for the editor to bring the finished inks of an issue in to [editorial director] Carmine [Infantino] for a cover conference, during which Carmine would usually sketch a cover design in pen on typing paper. While I wasn’t in the room, I clearly recall Gerry coming back down the hall to his office, confused, as Carmine had looked through the issue wanting to see the villains’ clubhouse or headquarters, and when that wasn’t in the book, asking Gerry to redo it. In my time at DC in Carmine’s years, this was the most significant change in an issue I recall his asking for at that late stage.[1]

In the original story, Darkseid (demanding to be called the Director) founds the group under the title of the Brotherhood of Crime in a bid to hold the world ransom by stealing the world's deadliest nerve gas. The group, made up of Captain Cold, Gorilla Grodd, Clayface, Star Sapphire, and a clone of Manhunter, turns on their benefactor when Manhunter raises the issue of Darkseid's history of trying to enslave humanity. Darkseid is revealed to be an android. Manhunter suspects Darkseid controls it from afar and suggests forming the Secret Society of Super Villains to combat Darkseid while pursuing their own goals.[2]

Publication history

Due to the delays caused by having to redo the first issue from scratch, Conway assigned David Anthony Kraft to script the next three issues of Secret Society of Super Villains over his plots. After issue #4 both Conway and Kraft abruptly left DC, leading to a mad scramble to produce a fill-in issue.[1]

Jack C. Harris took over as editor, and Conway returned as writer only with issue #8, but artists on the series rotated nearly as often as the lineup of the titular supergroup, with Rich Buckler, Mike Vosburg, and Dick Ayers all contributing short stints as penciler, while inkers changed from issue to issue. Harris felt that the series' mediocre sales might have been partly his fault: "The cover concepts were one of my editorial duties. Rich Buckler turned my ideas into the best he could do, but I never felt as if my ideas were good enough for his art. I think there was a ‘sameness’ to my ideas which might have hurt the title in that casual readers might have missed buying an issue because they thought they’d already seen it."[1]

Secret Society of Super Villains was cancelled with issue #15 as part of the DC Implosion. Issue #16 was already at the printer at the time of the cancellation and would have been the final issue, but writer Bob Rozakis appealed to DC to pull the issue since it was the beginning of a three-part story and he did not want to leave the readers hanging.[1] Issue #17 was near completion at the time, and both it and issue #16 would see publication of a sort in the privately printed Cancelled Comics Cavalcade #2. Issue #18, which concluded the three-part story, was scripted but never drawn. Rozakis later revealed where the story would have gone had the series not been cancelled in a weekly column for Silver Bullet Comics.[1]

This series, along with the unpublished #16 & #17, were collected in a two-volume hardcover edition with the volumes published in 2011 and 2012, respectively.

Fictional history

Darkseid's Society

SSofSS 3
Cover to Secret Society of Super-Villains #3. Art by Ernie Chan.

First organized by Darkseid, the Secret Society of Super-Villains were based out of the Sinister Citadel in San Francisco. From early on, the team was plagued with power struggles. Lex Luthor, Wizard, Gorilla Grodd, and Funky Flashman all sought to control the powerful team; Manhunter (the team's first leader) and Captain Comet, on the other hand, sought to divert the villains' evil ways into a more positive channel. After discovering the true identity of their benefactor, the team rebelled against the alien overlord. To quash their uprising, Darkseid sent Mantis and Kalibak. At the end of the struggle, Manhunter sacrificed himself to seemingly kill Darkseid. After this, the team splintered, with Luthor, the Wizard, Gorilla Grodd and Flashman leading the team at different times. However, the Wizard proved to be the most tenacious and created the definitive incarnation of the SSoSV. They went on to fight the original Crime Syndicate of America of Earth-Three and the Justice Society of America. While traveling between dimensions, back on Earth-1 Silver Ghost, Mirror Master and Copperhead formed yet another team and fought the Freedom Fighters.

The Wizard's group eventually returned from Earth-2 and battled against the Justice League of America aboard their satellite headquarters. At one point in the battle, the two teams swapped bodies, allowing the supervillains to discover the true identities of their nemeses. After gaining the upper hand, the Justice League wiped the memories of the supervillains, precipitating Identity Crisis and the formation of the current Society years later.[3]

Also notable in this series' run is the first appearance of Captain Comet in over 20 years as well as the introduction of a new Star Sapphire. Both were regular, recurring characters.

Ultra-Humanite's Society

JLofA 195
The Secret Society on the cover to Justice League of America #195 by George Pérez.

The next incarnation of the Secret Society was organized by the Ultra-Humanite, who organized foes of both Earth-One's Justice League of America and Earth-Two's Justice Society of America. This marked the first appearance of the now-classic albino ape body of the Ultra-Humanite.

This incarnation of the SSoSV was betrayed by the Ultra-Humanite, who had his own agenda. However, he was defeated, and the entire group was incarcerated in another dimension. Ultra-Humanite contacted his younger self in 1942, who helped to break out the SSoSV using the power of Brain Wave. The ape Ultra-Humanite attacked Infinity, Inc. in the modern day, while the rest of the SSoSV battled against the All-Star Squadron in 1942. The villains were defeated, and returned to their proper times.

Underground

The SSoSV in time grew into a large underground group with dozens of villains holding membership in various scattered cells. After the reformation of the JLA, the seven superheroes decided to infiltrate and shut down this new Society.

Disguising himself as the deceased Brain Wave, Martian Manhunter lured the villains to one spot, where they were defeated by the JLA. As the tale was told by the Rainbow Raider to Sonar, it is uncertain whether this tale actually happened. At the very least, there may have been some embellishment.

Alexander Luthor Jr.'s Society

After the defeat of the last incarnation of the SSoSV, time would pass before villains would band together in any sort of large organization. Fueled by rumors of the mindwiping of Dr. Light, a new Society emerged. This Society was founded by Alexander Luthor Jr. posing as Lex Luthor along with five other supervillains: Calculator, Dr. Psycho, Deathstroke, Talia al Ghul, and Black Adam.

4-villain
The Society's council. Cover to Villains United #1 (2005). Art by J. G. Jones.

Alexander Luthor's intent was to gather together a cadre of supervillains to retrieve several key superheroes who have ties to the Multiverse, in order to harness their residual temporal vibrations to recreate the multiverse, through a giant "tuning fork" tower similar to the ones seen in Crisis on Infinite Earths. Only Psycho-Pirate, who remembered the multiverse, knew of this plan, as Alexander Luthor lied to the members of his inner circle, telling them that he was building a massive mind-erasing machine to use against all of the heroes in the DC Universe.

Playing on the fear of superheroes, retaliation for refusal, and the desire for power, Alexander created a Society the size of which (over 500 members) is larger than all previous incarnations combined. Out of all the villains in the DC Universe, the only one not even offered an invitation is the Joker on the grounds that he was "too wild."

The group, referred to simply as The Society, was featured in the mini-series Villains United as background characters and foils for the new Secret Six (consisting of six villains recruited by the real Lex Luthor who refused their invitation to join the Society). The follow-up one-shot Villains United: Infinite Crisis Special focused on the Society itself as they enacted Alexander Luthor's back-up plan to conquer Earth in the event his main plan failed. This led to a final battle, referred to as the Battle of Metropolis, where the Society, led by Dr. Psycho and Doomsday, made their final battle against the various heroes of the DC Universe.

At the end of Infinite Crisis, Alexander Luthor, Jr. was killed by the Joker (as his revenge on Alexander Luthor Jr. for not including him) who was brought to him by Lex Luthor. Black Adam, betrayed by Alexander Luthor Jr., fought the Society in the Battle of Metropolis, tearing off Amazo's head, and returned to rule Khandaq full-time.

One Year Later

One Year Later, most of the Society's inner circle is either in prison or has resigned from the group. Dr. Psycho was captured by the authorities after the Battle of Metropolis and is on trial in the Manhunter series; he has also appeared in Secret Six and Wonder Woman. Deathstroke was apprehended by Green Arrow but escaped and started recruiting members for Titans East.

With Talia returning to rule the League of Assassins, the Calculator remains the only original member of the "inner council" left running the Society.

Final Crisis

Not long after the Society's dissolution, Checkmate instigated a crackdown on all villains in the DC Universe, who were captured and exiled to a prison planet as seen in the Salvation Run miniseries. The group included almost every villain in the DC universe, with rare exceptions. Though the villains escaped back to Earth, their desire for revenge drives the Society to depose Lex Luthor and replace him with a leader who promises them what they desire.....the mysterious Libra.

Libra, a follower of the Intergang "Religion of Crime" and secretly an agent of Darkseid, leads the Secret Society in their role as Darkseid's ground troops as part of the Final Crisis storyline. Promising to fulfill the hearts desires of his subordinates, Libra murders the Martian Manhunter for new recruit Human Flame. He also arranges for Clayface to cause an explosion at the Daily Planet, killing and maiming dozens of Superman's closest friends and mortally wounding his wife Lois in the process, to try to seduce the disgruntled Luthor to his side and draw Superman to Libra.

With most of the Society including Vandal Savage behind him, Libra reveals his true self to Lex Luthor as the villain turns on the Human Flame by forcing a mind-control helmet onto the villain's face, exposing him to the Anti-Life Equation and turning him into a mindless slave warrior known as a Justifier. Faced with the threat of being forced to become a Justifier himself, Luthor agrees to become Libra and Darkseid's servant. With help from Doctor Sivana and Calculator, Lex Luthor ultimately turns against Libra and forces him to retreat. With Sivana's help, Luthor and the mind-controlled legions of Justifiers helped Superman in battle against the last remaining forces of Darkseid, the Fury Riders. Luthor and Sivana then proceed to help Superman build the Miracle Machine to save the Earth, though the two are only allowed to work on sections of the machine due to the risk of them stealing the designs for future villainous schemes.

In Final Crisis: Revelations, the third Spectre kills Doctor Light and melts Effigy before trying to take on Libra. Sister Wrack of the Religion of Crime impales Vandal Savage with the Spear of Destiny, causing Vandal Savage to be reborn as Cain. Cain then seeks out Spectre and easily overwhelms Spectre followed by Cain impaling Spectre with the Spear of Destiny. It separates the Spectre from host Crispus Allen as Renee Montoya and Radiant carry his body into the church. Cain later controls Spectre and has it recite the Anti-Life Equation to recreate the world in Darkseid's name. Cain manages to stab Renee with the Spear of Destiny. Renee manages to grab the Spear and use its powers to restore the world and Crispus' life. Reuniting with the Spectre, Crispus uses his judgement to kill Cain's followers but could not kill Cain. The Spectre casts Cain out into the world with no chance of peace until God decides to grant him otherwise.

In Final Crisis: Rogues' Revenge, the Rogues withdraw from Libra's society and plot to take revenge on a movement-restored Inertia before they retire. However, Libra uses his New Rogues to target the Rogues and forces them to join up with Libra by doing various things to those close to them. Even with the New Rogues slain by the Rogues, Libra doesn't give up that easily. They still turn down Libra even after Zoom is depowered by Inertia who is then killed by the Rogues.

From an idea by T.O. Morrow during and after Final Crisis, Cheetah assigned several scientific members of a new Secret Society (such as Professor Ivo and Doctor Poison) to collect soil samples from various regions of Earth in which acts of genocide occurred. They plan to use the soil to form a new villain named Genocide. Genocide is brought to life through a combination of science and the magic of Felix Faust. They are successful in doing so, but soon after an enraged Wonder Woman defeats a small team of members consisting of Shrapnel, Firefly, Phobia and Dr. Morrow. After telling them to disband the team, Wonder Woman then destroys their homebase skyscraper building.

The New 52

In September 2011, The New 52 rebooted DC's continuity. In this new timeline, the Secret Society's origins are traced to two shadowy figures (one of whom is later revealed to be Professor Ivo) who meet to discuss the growing superhero community. The Secret Society is officially uncovered five years later by Green Arrow, who is injured while trying to infiltrate the organization under the name Dark Hunter on behalf of the Justice League of America (at that time, a state-sponsored group, separate from the Justice League led by Superman). The mysterious leader of the Secret Society, originally only known as "The Outsider", spreads out photographs of the different supervillains in front of him and says "It's recruitment time starting with Scarecrow."[4] The mysterious leader successfully convinces Scarecrow to join the Secret Society.[5] The Justice League of America sends Catwoman to infiltrate the Secret Society by sending her to Arkham Asylum and then letting her escape. When she does, she runs into Blockbuster I and Signalman on the rooftops where she ends up knocked out and wakes up strapped to a chair in an empty room.[6] While waiting for a meeting with the leader of the Secret Society, Catwoman frees herself from the chair that she was strapped to. When Catwoman meets with Professor Ivo who plans to bring her to the banquet hall to meet the leader of the Secret Society, Catwoman knocks out Professor Ivo only for her to be strangled into unconsciousness by Copperhead moments later. Catwoman wakes up strapped to the chair again, with a pale man clad in purple standing in front of her. He demands to know what she and her friends are doing there. He is aware of the Justice League of America's encounter with Shaggy Man (this version being created by Professor Ivo) and Dr. Arthur Light's attempts to access their communication systems. He warns that Arthur Light is about to receive an unpleasant call. As Arthur Light begins hearing a voice from the object, the pale man puts a gun to Catwoman's head and orders her to start talking. Instead, she warns that if he kills her, Batman will stop at nothing to find them. This, however, is exactly what the Secret Society wants. Dr. Light is suddenly knocked back by a burst of light, just as the pale man pulls the trigger, leaving Catwoman apparently dead on the floor of the concrete room.[7] The Secret Society's leader has Signalman and Copperhead drop off Catwoman's body at Batman's doorstep. Catwoman soon comes back to life and it is discovered that the Catwoman present is actually Martian Manhunter in disguise. Martian Manhunter and Catwoman then fight the Outsider and Blockbuster. When Manhunter and Catwoman finish with Blockbuster, they hunt down the Outsider who seems to know all about their real identities. However, his identity is still a mystery to them. Martian Manhunter attempts to use his telepathy to discover it, but he senses he is blocked from doing so. Despite that, the Outsider allows Martian Manhunter the opportunity to see into his mind. Martian Manhunter is surprised to learn this man watched his world die as he did. While pursuing Professor Ivo, Green Arrow finds him in a room with the captive A.R.G.U.S. agent Chronos trapped in a chair with electric energy. When the engine he is stuck in is activated (and it has just been) Chronos causes a temporal neutral field to envelope the manor, causing it to freeze in place throughout time, while the Earth turns....which means the Earth moves, not the manor. Thanks to the coins the Society have been given, they are able to stay within the manor without issue, but the Justice League of America will face a very painful death if they do not leave the house soon. After the Justice League of America escape from the manor, the Outsider comments to Martian Manhunter that it was nice to see him "again."[8]

At the start of the "Trinity War" storyline, the Outsider has sent Plastique to prevent Madame Xanadu from warning the Justice League of her vision. The Outsider states that Pandora will soon be in the clutches of the Secret Society of Super Villains.[9] The Outsider calls his fellow members telling them "it's time".[10] Madame Xanadu is revealed to have been captured by the Outsider, who tells her that the Justice Leagues and the Trinity of Sin are all pieces in his game, with Superman and the Question (referred to as the pawns), Batman, Phantom Stranger, and Wonder Woman (referred to as the knights), all moving away from Pandora (referred to as the queen), leaving her unprotected. Madame Xanadu retorts that she does not need to see the future to know that the Justice League will defeat him. The Outsider replies that he has already won since he has a mole in the Justice League.[11] The Outsider orders Plastique to infiltrate A.R.G.U.S. to plant a bomb on Doctor Light's body.[12] It is revealed at the end of the storyline that the Outsider is actually the Alfred Pennyworth of Earth-3 and he uses Pandora's Box to open a gateway to allow the Crime Syndicate to arrive on Prime Earth. The formation of the Secret Society was to have members ready for the Crime Syndicate once they arrived.[13]

During the "Forever Evil" storyline, the Crime Syndicate furthers their goals by springing inmates from Arkham Asylum, Belle Reve, and Iron Heights Penitentiary in order to expand the Secret Society of Super Villains and establish their rule over this reality.[14]

DC Rebirth

The Society reappears in "DC Rebirth" where its members consist of Vandal Savage, Hector Hammond, Riddler, Reverse-Flash, Black Manta, Ultra-Humanite, Deadline, Raptor, and Killer Frost with Lex Luthor being established as a former member. They place Deathstroke on trial while debating whether he is truly reformed or not. However the Riddler proves, via Hammond's telepathic abilities, that Deathstroke is 'evil'.[15]

Other versions

Justice Underground

Justice Underground
Justice Underground 01
Publication information
PublisherDC Comics
First appearanceJLA Secret Files and Origins 2004
Created byKurt Busiek
Ron Garney
In-story information
Base(s)Undisclosed location in the nation of Modora (on an alternate Earth)
Member(s)Quizmaster
Sir Solomon Grundy
Lady Sonar
General Grodd
Q-Ranger
Star Sapphire

The Justice Underground is a fictional superhero team in the DC Multiverse. The Justice Underground is an alternative version of the Secret Society of Super Villains from the Anti-Matter Universe.

Fictional history

The Underground experienced some temporary victories in their battles with the Syndicate, both as a team and individually. For example, Quizmaster's underground connections allowed him to interfere with the supplies needed by the Crime Syndicate for various operations, such as the speed serum that Johnny Quick requires to maintain his super speed.

One by one the Justice Underground members were all defeated, captured or killed. For example, Ultraman (the antimatter Superman) rendered Sir Solomon Grundy inert on a Saturday, and Lady Sonar sustained massive injuries from having her sonic abilities reflected back to her by Power Ring (the antimatter Green Lantern). Lady Sonar was forced to replace much of her shattered body with bionic implants. It was in this form that she resided as the guardian of Modora, the final free nation of the Anti-Matter Earth.

Upon her home's invasion, Lady Sonar was successful in defeating Johnny Quick (the antimatter Flash) by temporarily shifting his body out of phase with reality. She was eventually destroyed by Owlman (the antimatter Batman) and the rest of the Crime Syndicate when they finally conquered Modora. She was placed into cryogenic storage alongside her teammates, ready to be reanimated in a zombified state if the Syndicate decides it necessary. Their remains are located in the Crime Syndicate's Panopticon on the Moon's surface.

The Justice Underground was released by J'onn J'onzz as a team of associate JLA members reversed back into the matter universe. It is unclear how they were able to recover from their injuries, though it could be inferred that Owlman healed their injuries while they were in stasis.

Members

  • Quizmaster (the antimatter Riddler) – The Quizmaster is the leader and the smartest man alive. He does not have any superpowers. His incredibly high IQ and knowledge of almost all disciplines enabled him to be as effective a fighter as any of his compatriots with super powers.
  • Sir Solomon Grundy (the antimatter Solomon Grundy) – Sir Solomon Grundy is a distinguished, poised mountain of a man. During an aerial bombardment of Dover, he was blasted to life out of the white rock. Sir Solomon appears to be identical in physical appearance to our own Solomon Grundy with the exception of a trimmed mustache and a small goatee. In keeping with his educated personality, Sir Solomon dresses himself as a 19th-century Englishman would and speaks accordingly. His super strength and invulnerability made him a formidable hero.
  • General Grodd (the antimatter Gorilla Grodd) – General Grodd is a renegade freedom fighter from a militaristic ape nation.
  • Star Sapphire (the antimatter Star Sapphire) – This version of Star Sapphire is a knight-errant from the other side of the galaxy.
  • Lady Sonar (the antimatter Sonar) – Lady Sonar is a female version of Sonar.
  • Q Ranger (the antimatter Major Force) – The "quantum-powered dynamo".

Collected editions

Their series was scheduled to be collected into a trade paperback entitled Showcase Presents: Secret Society of Super Villains (collects SSoSV #1–17, 520 pages, ISBN 978-1-4012-1587-3), but that project was canceled.

  • Secret Society of Super Villains Vol 1 (collects SSoSV #1–10), August 2011, ISBN 1-4012-3109-8.
  • Secret Society of Super Villains Vol 2 (collects SSoSV #11–15, DC Special #27, DC Special Series #6, Super-Team Family #13–14, Justice League of America #166–167 and the unpublished SSoSV #16–17 from Cancelled Comics Cavalcade #2), March 2012, ISBN

In other media

Television

  • In Justice League, Gorilla Grodd and Giganta (who was fiercely loyal to Grodd) formed the Secret Society with Killer Frost (who just likes to kill people), Sinestro (who has sworn blood oath against all Green Lanterns), Parasite (who simply hated Superman) and Shade (who was offered the chance by Grodd to be a criminal). In its formation, Grodd took pains to encourage a more cohesive organization in order to avoid the infighting of Lex Luthor's Injustice Gang. His first plan was to rescue Clayface from Morgan Edge's mansion where Killer Frost froze Morgan. Grodd tells Clayface that he'll help him find a way to return Clayface to his true identity of Matt Hagen after they defeat the Justice League. The Secret Society defeated the Justice League the first time, but The Secret Society was defeated by the Justice League in the second battle.
  • In Justice League Unlimited, Grodd renewed his attempts to create a new Secret Society, with a swamp based headquarters resembling the Legion of Doom's Hall of Doom, to take on the expanded Justice League by recruiting Lex Luthor and any villain he can obtain. Grodd succeeded with the creation of a massive co-operative, where he would manage the villains and have them provide each other with backup in case of Justice League intervention (in exchange for Grodd getting a cut of the profits of any successful schemes). To keep anyone from finding out about the Secret Society, every member had their brains shielded from telepathy and wired to short out in case a member was captured and forced to reveal details about the Secret Society. After the revelation that Grodd's ultimate plan in the creation of the team was the ludicrous transformation of humanity into apes, Lex Luthor ousted him and assumed the position as leader with no objections from the membership. During the two-part series finale, Lex Luthor tried to resurrect Brainiac by ordering the crew to transform the base into a spaceship, so that they could travel to the site of Brainiac's ruined asteroid base. With Tala's help, Grodd attempted a coup to retake control of the Society, leading to a battle between members loyal to either Grodd or Luthor. As the battle ends the members who were loyal to Grodd were frozen by Killer Frost. When the Secret Society reaches the site of Brainiac's defeat, Luthor used Tala's magic to restore Brainiac, despite a sudden warning from the New God, Metron. Luthor accidentally resurrected Darkseid instead, who rewards Luthor for his help by destroying the Secret Society's base in a fiery explosion. However, force fields produced by Star Sapphire and Sinestro saved Luthor's crew. Lightray, another of the Gods of New Genesis, spotted the explosion, and was subsequently robbed of his Mother Box, which allowed the remnants of the Secret Society to make it back to Earth to warn the Justice League of Darkseid's return.
    • The episode "Epilogue" included a futuristic version of the Secret Society known as the Iniquity Collective. Its members include Batman Beyond's enemies Inque, Shriek, Stalker, and a monstrous future version of Parasite.
  • In the Batman: The Brave and the Bold episode "Deep Cover for Batman," a version of the alternate Secret Society group Justice Underground appears. This group is led by Red Hood (this reality's Joker) and had alternate versions of Black Manta, Clock King, Doctor Polaris, Gentleman Ghost, Gorilla Grodd, and Sinestro while the alternate versions of Brain and Kite Man appear in a flashback. After a battle with the Injustice Syndicate, only Red Hood was free and attempted to contact Batman's world to look for new allies. Batman soon arrived (when he was disguised as Owlman) and was able to help free the heroes and help capture the Injustice Syndicate.
  • In Young Justice, a group of villains called The Light have motives like the Secret Society of Super Villains as they implement plans to make the people of Earth "see the light." The group was founded by Vandal Savage to counteract the Justice League's role in preserving society's "calcified status quo". In his view, the League inhibited mankind by protecting it from disaster, crime, and tragedy—factors needed for humanity to evolve. To counteract this, the Light created or co-opted networks of operatives, placed key individuals in key positions, and explored the boundaries of all new technology. Genetic engineering, biochemical engineering, robotics, nano-robotics, techno-sorcery, and all conceivable methods of mind control were all explored by the Light in its quest to accelerate human evolution. A resurgent Earth "taking its rightful place at the center of the cosmos" appears to be the Light's ultimate goal, and they are responsible for almost every threat "the Team" faces in the series. The members of The Light in the first season are Vandal Savage, Ra's Al Ghul, Lex Luthor, Queen Bee, Ocean Master, The Brain, and Klarion, with Sportsmaster acting as their enforcer. In season 2, Black Manta replaces Ocean Master, and Deathstroke replaces Sportsmaster as their enforcer, while the Reach and Darkseid have become their silent partners. In season 3, Deathstroke, Ultra-Humanite, and Granny Goodness, posing as a human named Gretchen Goode, replace Ra's Al Ghul, The Brain, and Black Manta, while Lady Shiva takes Deathstroke's place as their enforcer. After the Reach were defeated in season 2, Darkseid is left as The Light's only partner.

Film

  • A version of the alternate Secret Society group Justice Underground appears in Justice League: Crisis on Two Earths. The group's lineup includes a heroic Lex Luthor and the Jester (this reality's Joker) along with his monkey sidekick Harley. The group is decimated. After Jester sacrifices himself to take out some of the Crime Syndicate members in an explosion, the heroic Lex Luthor evades the Crime Syndicate leaders and flees to the Justice League's Earth to seek their help.

Video games

  • An alternate reality version of the Secret Society of Super Villains appears in Injustice 2. Led by Gorilla Grodd, the group consists of Bane, Poison Ivy, Scarecrow, Deadshot, Cheetah, Captain Cold and Reverse Flash. Although Catwoman was originally considered to be one of its members, it is revealed that she is a double agent working for Batman. The "Society" intend to fill the power void left after the Justice League and the Insurgency defeated High Councillor Superman and his Regime. It is revealed that Grodd is serving Brainiac and sends the Society members to keep the Justice League busy while Brainiac continues ravaging the planet. The Society is disbanded after its members learn that Brainiac's goal is to destroy the planet rather than to conquer it.[16]

Miscellaneous

  • A team called The Brotherhood of Justice (an alternate version of the Brotherhood of Evil) appears in Teen Titans Go! issue #48. This roster consists of Parallel Earth counterparts of General Immortus, Psimon, Mammoth, Doctor Light and Madame Rouge. Only the parallel Earth Madame Rouge has a name, that being Gemini. All the other members have the same names as their counterparts. Their appearances and altered, however. General Immortus is powerless, has blue hair and resembles a military general with a blue uniform, Doctor Light is female and based on Kimiyo Hoshi, Psimon has apricot skin, his brain is not exposed (with hair replacing the jar containing it) and wears a white face guard with three red dots in the center (resembling Braniac's), Mammoth has a younger appearance visible pupils in his eyes and a yellow M shaped band formation and Gemini wears a blue costume and has lighter skin. Gemini served as a double agent to the Teen Tyrants, (The parallel Earth Teen Titans) posing as Blackfire (the parallel Earth Starfire, whose location and existence are unknown) to infiltrate them. After the Teen Titans are defeated by their counterparts, Gemini reveals herself and brings in the rest of the Brotherhood to defeat the Teen Tyrants which they succeed in doing.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Greenberger, Robert (August 2009). "The Secret Society of Super-Villains". Back Issue!. TwoMorrows Publishing (35): 25–31.
  2. ^ Conway, Gerry (2011). Secret Society of Super-Villains, Vol. 1. DC Comics. ISBN 1-4012-3109-8.
  3. ^ Justice League of America #166–168 (1979)
  4. ^ Justice League Vol. 2 #17
  5. ^ Justice League of America of America Vol. 3 #2
  6. ^ Justice League of America Vol. 3 #3
  7. ^ Justice League of America Vol. 3 #4
  8. ^ Justice League of America Vol. 3 #5
  9. ^ Justice League Vol. 2 #22
  10. ^ Justice League of America Vol. 3 #6
  11. ^ Justice League Dark #22
  12. ^ Justice League of America Vol. 3 #7
  13. ^ Justice League Vol. 2 #23
  14. ^ Forever Evil #1
  15. ^ Deathstroke Vol. 4 #25 (11/01/2017)
  16. ^ Injustice 2: Gorilla Grodd

External links

Brutale (DC Comics)

Brutale (Guillermo Barrera) is a DC Comics supervillain. He first appeared in Nightwing #22 and was created by Chuck Dixon and Scott McDaniel.

Captain Comet

Captain Comet (real name Adam Blake) is a DC Comics superhero created by DC Comics Editor Julius Schwartz, writer John Broome, and artist Carmine Infantino.

Once a minor character in the DC Comics canon, he occupies an almost unique position in DC Comics history as a superhero who was created between the two great superhero comics periods--the Golden Age and the Silver Age. His early stories fall into a no-man's land, sometimes referred to as 'The Atomic Age' because of the recurrent science-fiction themes of most comics of the period, when very few superheroes comics were published and less than a dozen short-lived, superhero characters were introduced.

Along with Marvel Comics' Namor the Sub-Mariner and Toro (sidekick of the original Human Torch), he is among the first mutant metahuman superheroes (meaning he was born with his powers), predating X-Men by 12 years. He is one of the few DC Comics characters not to have had their earlier history significantly changed by various DC Comics major continuity changing events over the years such as Crisis on Infinite Earths and Zero Hour.

Captain Stingaree

Captain Stingaree is a fictional supervillain in the DC Comics universe, and a minor foe of the Batman. He first appeared in Detective Comics #460 (June 1976), and was created by Bob Rozakis, Michael Uslan and Ernie Chan.

Crime Doctor (comics)

The Crime Doctor is the name of two fictional supervillains that appears in American comic books published by DC Comics. The Crime Doctor is a medical expert who caters exclusively to criminals, originally an enemy of Batman.

DC Implosion

The DC Implosion is the popular label for the sudden cancellation of more than two dozen ongoing and planned series by the American comics publisher DC Comics in 1978.

Funky Flashman

Funky Flashman is a fictional character, an entrepreneur in the DC Universe. Created by Jack Kirby, the character first appeared in the pages of Mister Miracle during the early 1970s. He is popularly considered a satiric caricature of Stan Lee, Kirby's former artistic collaborator at Marvel Comics with whom he had a falling-out.

Hangmen (DC Comics)

The Hangmen is a DC Comics supervillain team.

Justifiers

The Justifiers are fictional foot soldiers in the DC Comics universe.

List of Secret Society of Super Villains members

The Secret Society of Super Villains is a team fictional supervillains appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Over the years they have featured a large number of ne'er-do-wells as they attempt to subvert the superheroic population of the world for a variety of schemes.

Matter Master

The Matter Master is a DC Comics supervillain and a recurring foe of Hawkman. Created by Gardner Fox and Joe Kubert, he first appeared in The Brave and the Bold #35 (April–May 1961).

Moxie Mannheim

"Boss" Moxie Mannheim is a fictional character, a DC Comics supervillain.

Neutron (DC Comics)

Neutron is a fictional comic book supervillain in the DC Universe, appearing usually as an adversary of Superman.

Phobia (comics)

Phobia is a fictional DC Comics supervillain of the New Teen Titans.

Planet Master

Planet Master is the name of two fictional characters appearing in comics published by DC Comics. The first Planet Master, a scientist called Irving Norbert and his lab assistant, who would later take on the name and costume, first appeared in Detective Comics #296 in October, 1961. The characters were created by writer Bill Finger and artist Jim Mooney.

Professor Ivo

Professor Anthony Ivo (pronunciation: Eiy-voh) is a fictional character, a mad scientist in DC Comics.

Anthony Ivo appeared in the second season of Arrow played by Dylan Neal.

Red Volcano

Red Volcano is a fictional character, a comic book android supervillain published by DC Comics. He first appeared in DC Universe #0 (April 2008), and was created by Grant Morrison, Gail Simone and Aaron Lopresti.

Warp (comics)

Warp is a fictional supervillain in the DC Universe.

Wizard (DC Comics)

The Wizard is a fictional DC Comics Golden Age supervillain.

Zookeeper (comics)

Zookeeper, a.k.a. Dr. Samuel Register, is a fictional character from the Teen Titans comics.

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