The Second Deakin Ministry (Protectionist) was the 5th ministry of the Government of Australia. It was led by the country's 2nd Prime Minister, Alfred Deakin. The First Deakin Ministry succeeded the Reid Ministry, which dissolved on 5 July 1905 following the resignation of George Reid after the Protectionists withdrew their support and gained support from the Labour Party. The ministry was replaced by the Third Deakin Ministry on 24 January 1907 following the 1906 federal election.
|Second Deakin Ministry|
5th Ministry of Australia
Group photo of the Second Deakin Ministry with Governor-General Lord Northcote.
|Date formed||5 July 1905|
|Date dissolved||24 January 1907|
|People and organisations|
|Prime Minister||Alfred Deakin|
|No. of ministers||10|
|Status in legislature||Minority government (Labour support)|
|Opposition party||Free Trade/Anti-Socialist|
|Opposition leader||George Reid|
|Successor||Third Deakin Ministry|
|Hon Alfred Deakin MP|
|Rt Hon Sir John Forrest GCMG MP|
|Hon Isaac Isaacs KC MP||
|Hon Littleton Groom MP|
|Hon Sir William Lyne KCMG MP|
|Hon Senator Thomas Playford|
|Hon Austin Chapman MP|
|Hon Thomas Ewing MP|
|Hon Senator John Keating||
|Hon Samuel Mauger MP (in Ministry from 12 October 1906)||
Alfred Deakin (3 August 1856 – 7 October 1919) was an Australian politician who served as the second Prime Minister of Australia, in office for three separate terms – 1903 to 1904, 1905 to 1908, and 1909 to 1910. Before entering office, he was a leader of the movement for Australian federation.Deakin was born in Melbourne, and attended the University of Melbourne before training as a barrister. He was elected to the Victorian Legislative Assembly in 1879, aged 22, and became a government minister in 1883. Deakin was a major contributor to the establishment of liberal reforms in the colony, including pro-worker industrial reforms. He also played a major part in developing irrigation in Australia.
Throughout the 1890s Deakin was a participant in conferences of representatives of the Australian colonies that were established to draft a constitution for the proposed federation. He played an important role in ensuring that the draft was liberal and democratic and in achieving compromises to enable its eventual success. Between conferences, he worked to popularise the concept of federation and campaigned for its acceptance in colonial referenda. He then fought hard to ensure acceptance of the proposed constitution by the Government of the United Kingdom. After Federation, Deakin was Attorney-General in the Barton Government from 1901 to 1903. He was one of the chief architects of the White Australia policy, overseeing the drafting of the Immigration Restriction Act 1901.
As Prime Minister, Deakin completed a significant legislative program that makes him, with Labor's Andrew Fisher, the founder of an effective Commonwealth government. He expanded the High Court, provided major funding for the purchase of ships, leading to the establishment of the Royal Australian Navy as a significant force under the Fisher government, and established Australian control of Papua. Confronted by the rising Australian Labor Party in 1909, he merged his Protectionist Party with Joseph Cook's Anti-Socialist Party to create the Commonwealth Liberal Party (known commonly as the Fusion), the main ancestor of the modern Liberal Party of Australia. The Deakin-led Liberal Party government lost to Fisher Labor at the 1910 election, which saw the first time a federal political party had been elected with a majority in either house in Federal Parliament. Deakin resigned from Parliament prior to the 1913 election, with Joseph Cook winning the Liberal Party leadership ballot.Austin Chapman
Sir Austin Chapman KCMG (10 July 1864 – 12 January 1926), Australian politician, was a member of several early federal ministries. He was born in Bong Bong near Bowral, New South Wales and educated at Marulan Public School and was apprenticed as a saddler at an early age. In about 1884 he went into business as a publican, storekeeper and auctioneer in Queanbeyan, and later became an investor and company director.Deakin Ministry
Fraser Ministry may refer to:
First Deakin Ministry
Second Deakin Ministry
Third Deakin Ministry
Fourth Deakin MinistryJohn Keating (Australian politician)
John Henry Keating (28 June 1872 – 31 October 1940) was an Australian politician.
Keating was born in Hobart and educated at Officer College, Hobart, Saint Ignatius' College, Riverview, Sydney and the University of Tasmania where he received a Bachelor of Laws in 1896. He established a legal practice in Launceston and became a campaigner for federation and secretary of the Northern Tasmanian Federation League. He married Sarah Alice "Lallie" Monks in January 1906.List of Australian ministries
This is a list of ministries of the Government of Australia since Federation in 1901.Littleton Groom
Sir Littleton Ernest Groom, KCMG KC (22 April 1867 – 6 November 1936) was an Australian Federal Minister, Speaker of the House of Representatives and Australia's 17th longest serving federal Parliamentarian (33 years and one month). He was a member of every non-Australian Labor Party ministry from 1905 to 1926. He was a liberal protectionist, who believed in the extension of federal powers, but became increasingly opposed to the Australian Labor Party's socialist agenda.Reid Ministry
The Reid Ministry (Free Trade) was the 4th ministry of the Government of Australia. It was led by the country's 4th Prime Minister, George Reid. The Reid Ministry succeeded the Watson Ministry, which dissolved on 17 August 1904 after the Protectionist Party withdrew their support and Chris Watson was forced to resign. Due to having to rely on the Protectionists to retain office, half of the ministry was forced to accommodate conservative Protectionists - leading to the government to sometimes be referred to as the Reid-McLean Ministry. The ministry was replaced by the Second Deakin Ministry on 5 July 1905 after the Protectionists withdrew their support and returned to office with the support of the Labour Party.Third Deakin Ministry
The Third Deakin Ministry (Protectionist) was the 6th ministry of the Government of Australia. It was led by the country's 2nd Prime Minister, Alfred Deakin. The Third Deakin Ministry succeeded the Second Deakin Ministry, which dissolved on 24 January 1907 following the federal election that took place in December 1906. The ministry was replaced by the First Fisher Ministry on 13 November 1908 after the Labour Party withdrew their support and formed their own minority government.
Second Deakin Cabinet (1905–06)
Prime Minister: Alfred Deakin