Seattle Post-Intelligencer

The Seattle Post-Intelligencer (popularly known as the Seattle P-I, the Post-Intelligencer, or simply the P-I) is an online newspaper and former print newspaper based in Seattle, Washington, United States.

The newspaper was founded in 1863 as the weekly Seattle Gazette, and was later published daily in broadsheet format. It was long one of the city's two daily newspapers, along with The Seattle Times, until it became an online-only publication on March 18, 2009.

Seattle Post-Intelligencer
Seattle Post-Intelligencer logo
Seattle - P-I Building 01
Former P-I headquarters from Myrtle Edwards Park
Typeonline newspaper
Formatformer broadsheet
Owner(s)Hearst Corporation
FoundedDecember 10, 1863
Headquarters2901 3rd Ave, Ste 120
Seattle, Washington 98121
US
ISSN0745-970X
OCLC number3734418
Websiteseattlepi.com

History

Seattle P-I final cover20090317
The front page
of the last printed edition
of the Seattle Post-Intelligencer,
published on March 17, 2009.

J.R. Watson founded the P-I, Seattle's first newspaper, on December 10, 1863, as the Seattle Gazette.[1][2] The paper failed after a few years and was renamed the Weekly Intelligencer in 1867 by the new owner, Sam Maxwell.[3]

In 1878, after publishing the Intelligencer as a morning daily, Thaddeus Hanford bought the Daily Intelligencer for $8,000. Hanford also acquired the daily Puget Sound Dispatch and the weekly Pacific Tribune and folded both papers into the Intelligencer. In 1881, the Intelligencer merged with the Seattle Post. The names were combined to form the present-day name.[2]

In 1886, Indiana businessman Leigh S. J. Hunt came to Seattle and purchased the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, which he owned and published until he was forced to sell in the Panic of 1893.[4] At this point the newspaper was acquired by attorney and real estate developer James D. Hoge under whom it was representative of an establishment viewpoint. It was the state's predominant newspaper. Circulation was greatly increased by coverage of the Klondike Gold Rush in 1897. Hoge who was involved in other business sought to find a buyer and sold in 1899. The newspaper was acquired with assistance from James J. Hill by John L. Wilson who had first started the Seattle Klondike Information Bureau. The newspaper was acquired by Hearst in 1921.

Circulation stood at 31,000 in 1911.[1] In 1912, editor Eric W. Allen left the paper to found the University of Oregon School of Journalism, which he ran until his death in 1944.[5]

William Randolph Hearst took over the paper in 1921, and the Hearst Corporation owns the P-I to this day.[2]

In 1936, 35 P-I writers and members of The Newspaper Guild went on three-month strike against "arbitrary dismissals and assignment changes and other 'efficiency' moves by the newspaper." The International Brotherhood of Teamsters joined the strike in solidarity.[6] Roger Simpson and William Ames co-wrote their book Unionism or Hearst: the Seattle Post-Intelligencer Strike of 1936 on the topic.[7]


Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt had a special relationship with the P-I. Also in 1936, their son-in-law Clarence John Boettiger took over as publisher. He brought his wife Anna, the Roosevelts' daughter, to also work at the paper. Anna became editor of the women's page. Boettiger left Seattle to enter the U.S. Army in April 1943, while Anna stayed at the paper to help keep a liberal voice in the running of the paper. After Boettiger's absence, the paper increasingly turned conservative with Hearst's new acting publisher. Anna left Seattle in December 1943 to live in the White House with her youngest child, Johnny. This effectively ended the Roosevelt-Boettiger ties with the P-I.[8]

On December 15, 2006, no copies were printed as a result of a power outage caused by the December 2006 Pacific Northwest storms. It was the first time in 70 years that publication had been suspended.[9]

On January 9, 2009, the Hearst Corporation announced that after losing money on it every year since 2000, Hearst was putting the P-I up for sale.[10][11] The paper would be put on the market for 60 days, and if a buyer could not be found within that time, the paper would either be turned into an Internet-only publication with a drastically reduced staff, or closed outright.[10][11] The news of the paper's impending sale was initially broken by local station KING-TV the night prior to the official announcement, and came as a surprise to the P-I's staff and the owners of rival newspaper the Seattle Times. Analysts did not expect a buyer to be found, in view of declining circulation in the U.S. newspaper industry and other newspapers on the market going unsold.[10] Five days before the 60-day deadline, the P-I reported that the Hearst Corporation had given several P-I reporters provisional job offers for an online edition of the P-I.[12]

On March 16, 2009, the newspaper posted a headline on its front page, followed shortly after by a short news story, that explained that the following day's edition would be its final one in print.[13] The newspaper's publisher, Roger Oglesby, was quoted saying that the P-I would continue as an online-only operation. Print subscribers had their subscriptions automatically transferred to the Seattle Times on March 18.

As of 2018, the P-I continues as an online-only newspaper. In September 2010, the site had an estimated 2.8 million unique visitors and 208,000 visitors per day.[14]

Joint operating agreement

From 1983 to 2009, the P-I and The Seattle Times had a joint operating agreement (JOA) whereby advertising, production, marketing, and circulation were run for both papers by the Seattle Times Company. They maintained separate news and editorial departments. The papers published a combined Sunday edition, although the Times handled the majority of the editorial content while the P-I only provided a small editorial/opinions section.

In 2003 Times tried to cancel the JOA, citing a clause in it that three consecutive years of losses were cause for cancelling the agreement.[15] Hearst disagreed and immediately filed suit to prevent the Times from cancelling the agreement. Hearst argued that a force majeure clause prevented the Times from claiming losses in 2000 and 2001 as reason to end the JOA, because they resulted from extraordinary events (in this case, a seven-week newspaper strike).

Each side publicly accused the other of attempting to put its rival out of business. The trial judge granted a summary judgment in Hearst's favor on the force majeure issue. But after two appeals, the Washington State Supreme Court ruled in favor of the Times on June 30, 2005, on the force majeure clause, reversing the trial-court judge. The two papers settled the issue on April 16, 2007.

The JOA ended in 2009 with the cessation of the P-I print edition.[13]

Awards

The P-I was notable for its two-time Pulitzer Prize-winning editorial cartoonist, David Horsey.[16]

Report on Judge Gary Little

Investigative reporting on King County Superior Court Judge Gary Little's out-of-court contact with juvenile defendants revealed accusations that Little molested young boys while he was a teacher at Seattle's exclusive Lakeside School between 1968 and 1971. It also revealed inappropriate contact between Little and juveniles appearing before him after he became a judge. On August 19, 1988, after reporter Duff Wilson called the judge to advise him the newspaper was publishing the story, Little shot himself in the King County Courthouse. The ethical debates surrounding the publication of the story – and the network of connections that protected Little – are taught in journalism classes, and led to reforms in the way judges are disciplined in Washington state.

Conduct Unbecoming series

In 2006 the P-I became the subject of a complaint to the Washington News Council for its reporting on the King County Sheriff's Office. The media watch-dog group ruled against the P-I, agreeing with Sheriff Sue Rahr's complaint that the newspaper had unfairly disparaged the Sheriff's Office.[17] The P-I declined to participate in the proceedings, and opted instead to give a detailed reply on its website.[18]

The P-I Globe

Seattle P-I Globe 2 (2014)
The P-I Globe is an official Seattle Landmark.

The P-I is known for the 13.5-ton, 30-foot (9.1 m) neon globe atop its headquarters on the Elliott Bay waterfront, which features the words "It's in the P-I" rotating around the globe and an 18-foot (5.5 m) eagle perched atop with wings stretched upwards.[19] The globe originated from a 1947 readers' contest to determine a new symbol for the paper. Out of 350 entrants, the winner was by Jack (known as Jakk) C. Corsaw, a University of Washington art student.[20] The globe was manufactured in 1948[20] and was placed atop the paper's then-new headquarters building at 6th Avenue and Wall Street. When the newspaper moved its headquarters again in 1986, to its current location on the waterfront, the globe was relocated to the new building.[19] Over the decades since its first installation, the globe has become a city landmark that, to locals, is as iconic as the Space Needle. A stylized rendering of the globe appeared on the masthead of the newspaper in its latter years and continues to feature on its website.[21]

In April 2012, it was designated a Seattle Landmark by the city's Landmarks Preservation Board.[20][22] Mayor Ed Murray signed a city ordinance that had been passed by the Seattle City Council on December 17, 2015 that designated the globe as an official city landmark.[23][24][25][26]

In March 2012, the globe was donated to the Museum of History and Industry, which planned to refurbish and relocate it,[27] but as of fall 2018 this had not occurred.

Notable employees

Notable employees of the P-I have included the novelists E. B. White, Frank Herbert, Tom Robbins, and Emmett Watson, as well as Andrew Schneider, who won two Pulitzer Prizes for specialized reporting and public service while working at the Pittsburgh Press.[28]

See also

  • Hutch Award (baseball award bestowed at P-I's annual "Sports Star of the Year" banquet)

References

  1. ^ a b "Character of P-I's content changed as Seattle grew up". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved May 21, 2007.
  2. ^ "The Seattle Post-Intelligencer". Washington State Library. Retrieved November 21, 2017.
  3. ^ "Seattle Post-Intelligencer (1863-2009)", HistoryLink.org
  4. ^ Floyd J. McKay. "Eric W. Allen". The Oregon Encyclopedia.
  5. ^ http://www.historylink.org/index.cfm?DisplayPage=output.cfm&file_id=2495
  6. ^ Roger A. Simpson Papers. 1933-1994. 2.42 cubic feet (3 boxes), 15 sound tape reels.
  7. ^ Boettiger, John (1978). A Love in Shadow. New York City: W. W. Norton & Company. p. 279. ISBN 0-393-07530-3.
  8. ^ Lynn, Adam (December 16, 2006). "With power out, Seattle papers use News Tribune's presses". The News Tribune. Archived from the original on March 27, 2007. Retrieved May 21, 2007.
  9. ^ a b c Perez-Pena, Richard (January 9, 2009). "Hearst Looks to Sell, or Close, Seattle Paper". The New York Times. Retrieved January 9, 2009.
  10. ^ a b Richman, Dan; James, Andrea (January 9, 2009). "For sale: The P-I". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
  11. ^ Richman, Dan (March 5, 2009). "Hearst makes offers to staff online-only P-I". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved March 6, 2009.
  12. ^ a b Richman, Dan; James, Andrea (March 16, 2009). "Seattle P-I to publish last edition Tuesday". Seattle Post-Intelligencer.
  13. ^ seattlepi.com "Quantcast Audience Profile", quantcast, September 2010
  14. ^ Richman, Dan; Wong, Brad (April 17, 2007). "Seattle P-I and Times settle legal dispute". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved May 21, 2007.
  15. ^ "David Horsey Bio". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Archived from the original on November 20, 2008. Retrieved May 27, 2008.
  16. ^ Ouchi, Monica Soto (October 22, 2006). "Council rules against P-I over sheriff's complaint". The Seattle Times. Retrieved May 21, 2007.
  17. ^ "Panel: P-I unfair to Sheriff's Office". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. October 23, 2006. Retrieved May 21, 2007.
  18. ^ a b Thompson, Lynn (March 22, 2011). "Push to keep P-I globe spinning". The Seattle Times. Retrieved August 6, 2011.
  19. ^ a b c "Report on Designation: Seattle Post-Intelligencer P-I Globe" (PDF). The City of Seattle Landmarks Preservation Board. 2012. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
  20. ^ Barry, Dan (March 16, 2009). "In Seattle, the World Still Turns, a Beacon in Memory of a Lost Newspaper". The New York Times.
  21. ^ Harthorne, Michael (April 19, 2012). "It's official: P-I Globe is a Seattle landmark". KOMO-TV. Archived from the original on September 7, 2014. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
  22. ^ Seattle City Council (December 17, 2015). "City of Seattle Ordinance 118584". Office of the City Clerk. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  23. ^ Burton, Lynsi (December 17, 2015). "P-I globe now a city landmark". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  24. ^ "P-I Globe designated a City landmark". Office of the Mayor of Seattle. December 17, 2015. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  25. ^ Goldsmith, Steven (December 17, 2015). "19 tons of 'Daily Planet' — P-I Globe becomes official Seattle landmark". Puget Sound Business Journal. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  26. ^ Harthorne, Michael (March 7, 2012). "MOHAI plans to relocate newly acquired PI Globe". KOMO-TV. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013.
  27. ^ david.mccumber@mtstandard.com, David McCumber. "Two-time Pulitzer winner Schneider dies at 74". Montana Standard. Retrieved March 16, 2017.

External links

1936 Seattle Post-Intelligencer strike

The 1936 Seattle Post-Intelligencer Strike was a labor strike that took place between August 19 and November 29, 1936. It started as the result of two senior staff members being fired after forming an alliance and joining The Newspaper Guild. The strike halted production of the newspaper for the duration of the strike. The strike ended with a formal recognition of The Newspaper Guild.

2006 Seattle Jewish Federation shooting

The Seattle Jewish Federation shooting occurred on July 28, 2006, at around 4:00 p.m. PT, when Naveed Afzal Haq shot six women, one fatally, at the Jewish Federation of Greater Seattle building in the Belltown neighborhood of Seattle, Washington, United States. Naveed Haq was convicted in December 2009 and sentenced to life without parole plus 120 years. Police have classified the shooting as a "hate crime" based on what Haq is alleged to have said during a 9-1-1 call. King County Prosecuting Attorney Norm Maleng described the shooting as "one of the most serious crimes that has ever occurred in this city".

2006 United States Senate election in Washington

The 2006 United States Senate election in Washington was held November 7, 2006. Incumbent Democrat Maria Cantwell won re-election for a second term.

Andrew Schneider (journalist)

Andrew Jay Schneider (November 13, 1942 – February 17, 2017) was an American journalist and investigative reporter who worked for the Pittsburgh Press and Seattle Post-Intelligencer as a public-health reporter. He received back-to-back Pulitzer Prizes while working for the Press: one in Specialized Reporting in 1986 with Mary Pat Flaherty, and another for Public Service with Matthew Brelis and the Press in 1987. Schneider also co-authored a book about an asbestos contamination incident in Libby, Montana, entitled "An Air That Kills".

BuddyTV

BuddyTV was an entertainment-based website based in Seattle, Washington, which generated content about television programs and sporting events. The website published information about celebrity and related entertainment news through a series of articles, entertainment profiles, actor biographies and user forums. On 31 December 2014, Smart TV manufacturer VIZIO acquired BuddyTV's parent Advanced Media Research Group, Inc., in order to expand content and service offerings. The site was shut down on 22 May 2018.

CenturyLink Field

CenturyLink Field is a multi-purpose stadium located in Seattle, Washington, United States. It is the home field for the Seattle Seahawks of the National Football League (NFL) and Seattle Sounders FC of Major League Soccer (MLS). Originally called Seahawks Stadium, it became Qwest Field in June 2004, when telecommunications carrier Qwest acquired the naming rights. It received its current name in June 2011 after Qwest's acquisition by CenturyLink. It is a modern facility with views of the Downtown Seattle skyline and can seat 69,000 people for NFL games and 37,722 for most MLS matches. The complex also includes the Event Center with the Washington Music Theater (WaMu Theater), a parking garage, and a public plaza. The venue hosts concerts, trade shows, and consumer shows along with sporting events. Located within a mile (1.6 km) of Downtown Seattle, the stadium is accessible by multiple freeways and forms of mass transit.

The stadium was built between 2000 and 2002 on the site of the Kingdome after voters approved funding for the construction in a statewide election held in June 1997. This vote created the Washington State Public Stadium Authority to oversee public ownership of the venue. The owner of the Seahawks, Paul Allen, formed First & Goal Inc. to develop and operate the new facilities. Allen was closely involved in the design process and emphasized the importance of an open-air venue with an intimate atmosphere.

The crowd is notoriously loud during Seahawks games. It has twice held the Guinness World Record for loudest crowd roar at an outdoor stadium, first at 136.6 decibels in 2013, followed by a measurement of 137.6 decibels in 2014. The noise has contributed to the team's home field advantage with an increase in false start (movement by an offensive player prior to the play) and delay of game (failure of the offense to snap the ball prior to the play clock expiring) penalties against visiting teams. The stadium was the first in the NFL to implement a FieldTurf artificial field. Numerous college and high school American football games have also been played at the stadium.

CenturyLink Field is also designed for soccer. The first sporting event held included a United Soccer Leagues (USL) Seattle Sounders match. The USL team began using the stadium regularly for home games in 2003. The MLS expansion team Seattle Sounders FC, began its inaugural season in 2009 at the stadium. CenturyLink Field was the site of the MLS Cup in 2009. The venue also hosted the 2010 and 2011 tournament finals for the U.S. Open Cup. Sounders FC won both times and new attendance records were set each year it was hosted at CenturyLink Field. In August 2013, the Sounders broke a new home field attendance record when 67,385 fans turned out to watch them play the Portland Timbers.

Curtis (comic strip)

Curtis is a nationally syndicated comic strip written and illustrated by Ray Billingsley, with a predominantly Afro-American cast. It began on October 3, 1988, and is syndicated by King Features.The strip mostly involves the title character, Curtis, getting in trouble at home and school, trying in many attempts to make his father, Greg, quit smoking (a storyline which earned Billingsley the American Lung Association's President's Award in 2000), trying to win the heart of aspiring diva singer Michelle and stuffing his face.

Curtis will often fantasize at school (rather than paying attention to his teacher, Mrs. Nelson) about his favorite superhero, "Supercaptaincoolman" (a superhero who is constantly defending the city against the insidious schemes of the evil "Doctor Horsehead").

Once a year, up through the 2012-2013 holiday season and again in the 2015-2016 season, Billingsley has Curtis and the gang take a hiatus one day after Christmas (or first Monday after Christmas, if Christmas falls on a Saturday or Sunday) and focus on a special two-to-three week inspirational story to celebrate the Festival of Kwanzaa. Also, around the Martin Luther King, Jr. Day holiday, the strip will discuss some aspect of Dr. King's life. The month of February is also dedicated to Black History Month, in which Mrs. Nelson assigns her class to write about various African-American figures in history.

Curtis featured Dagwood of the Blondie comic as part of the 75th anniversary celebration for Blondie. Unlike Dennis the Menace, Hi and Lois, B.C., Family Circus or Baby Blues, the other comic strips that participated in the anniversary crossover, Curtis took an extended storyline lasting from August 29 to September 3, like Hägar the Horrible. Curtis was also featured in the 75th Anniversary strip on September 4.

Dan Savage bibliography

American author Dan Savage (born October 7, 1964) has written six books, op-ed pieces in The New York Times, and an advice column on sexual issues in The Stranger (an alternative newspaper from Seattle, Washington). A graduate of the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, Savage began contributing a column, Savage Love, to The Stranger from its inception in 1991. By 1998 his column had a readership of four million. He was Associate Editor at the newspaper from 1991 to 2001, when he became its editor-in-chief, later becoming its editorial director in 2007.Savage's books have had successful sales results and have been generally well received. Savage Love: Straight Answers from America's Most Popular Sex Columnist was published in 1998 and features selections from his advice column. His next book The Kid: What Happened After My Boyfriend and I Decided to Go Get Pregnant was published in 1999, and recounts his experiences with his boyfriend whilst deciding to adopt a child. The book received a PEN West Award for Excellence in Creative Nonfiction, and an Off-Broadway musical based on the work was the recipient of the BMI Foundation Jerry Bock Award for Excellence in Musical Theatre. Skipping Towards Gomorrah: The Seven Deadly Sins and the Pursuit of Happiness in America, published in 2002, describes the author's experiences indulging in the seven deadly sins. The book was featured in The Best American Sex Writing 2004, and won a Lambda Literary Award.Savage's 2005 book The Commitment: Love, Sex, Marriage, and My Family, recounting his personal experience deciding to marry his partner Terry Miller and analyzing same-sex marriage, reached The New York Times Best Seller list, and Nielsen BookScan noted it sold approximately 300,000 copies. After founding the It Gets Better Project in 2010 to reach out to teenagers after incidents of suicide among LGBT youth, his edited compilation of submissions It Gets Better: Coming Out, Overcoming Bullying, and Creating a Life Worth Living was published in 2011. The book features notable contributors, including David Sedaris, Hillary Clinton, and Barack Obama. Sales of the book were successful, and IndieBound reported it reached a list of best-sellers in the United States less than one week after publication. It reached 16th on The New York Times Best Seller list in April 2011. Savage collaborated with Lindy West, Christopher Frizzelle, and Bethany Jean Clement on a college guide, How to Be a Person, which was published in 2012. His 2013 book American Savage reflects on Savage's experiences throughout the founding of the It Gets Better Project and was well received by The Washington Post and the Seattle Post-Intelligencer.

Edward McMichael

Edward Scott McMichael (March 15, 1955 – November 3, 2008), also known as the Tuba Man, was an American tubist who became well known in Seattle for busking outside the city's various sports and performing arts venues during the 1990s and 2000s. McMichael played outside the Kingdome, KeyArena, McCaw Hall, Safeco Field, and Qwest Field, among other venues.

McMichael was known for playing songs appropriate for the climate of the venue where he was playing, such as "Happy Days Are Here Again" during the Seattle Mariners' successful 1995 season; for adapting mainstream rock and roll songs to the tuba; and for wearing funny, often colorful hats while he played.

Emmett Watson

Emmett Watson (November 22, 1918 – May 11, 2001) was an American newspaper columnist in Seattle, Washington, whose columns ran in a number of Seattle newspapers over a span of more than fifty years. Initially a sportswriter, he is primarily known for authoring a social commentary column for the Seattle Post-Intelligencer (P-I) from 1956 until 1982, when he moved to The Seattle Times and continued there as a columnist until shortly before his death in 2001.

Watson, who grew up in Seattle in the 1920s and 1930s, was a tireless advocate, through his column as well as through a fictional organization he created called Lesser Seattle, for limiting the seemingly unbridled growth and urban renewal that dramatically altered the Seattle landscape during the second half of the twentieth century.

GeekWire

GeekWire is an American technology news website that covers startups and established technology companies. The site launched in March 2011 and is based in Seattle. It was founded by veteran journalists Todd Bishop and John Cook with investment from Jonathan Sposato.GeekWire founders John Cook and Todd Bishop were former technology reporters at the Seattle Post-Intelligencer and the Puget Sound Business Journal. Bishop and Cook joined the Puget Sound Business Journal to create TechFlash in September 2008, leaving to start GeekWire on March 7, 2011.GeekWire is regularly featured on the Techmeme leaderboard as one of the sources most frequently posted to that site.

John J. Holland

Captain John Joseph Holland was a shipbuilder in the Pacific Northwest in the late 19th century. Among the vessels he built at his yards were the sternwheel steamboat Fairhaven in 1889, and, in 1890, the famous sternwheeler Bailey Gatzert.

KFC (defunct radio station)

KFC was a Seattle, Washington AM radio station that was licensed from December 8, 1921 to January 23, 1923. The station was owned by the Northern Radio & Electric Company, however both its studio and transmitter were located at the Seattle Post-Intelligencer building, and the newspaper was responsible for most of its operations.

KFC was one of the earliest broadcasting stations authorized in the United States, and was also the first in the state of Washington. In addition, there had been a series of earlier broadcasts made by the Northern Radio & Electric Company in conjunction with the Post-Intelligencer, beginning in July 1921.

Loup Loup Ski Bowl

Loup Loup Ski Bowl is a ski area located in the Methow Valley of Okanogan County, Washington, midway between the towns of Twisp and Omak on Highway 20.

The ski area's season generally runs from late November or December until April, but is only open four days out of the week, and on holidays. Loup Loup offers ski and snowboard lessons, rentals, and also children's programs.

Loup Loup has been recognized as a safe ski area with short lift lines, polite skiers, and reasonably priced food by Seattle Post-Intelligencer.

QFC

Quality Food Centers (QFC) is a supermarket chain based in Bellevue, Washington, with 64 stores in the Puget Sound region of the state of Washington and in the Portland, Oregon, metropolitan area. QFC is a subsidiary of Kroger.

Seattle Weekly

The Seattle Weekly is a freely distributed newspaper in Seattle, Washington, United States. It was founded by Darrell Oldham and David Brewster as The Weekly. Its first issue was published on March 31, 1976, and is currently owned by Sound Publishing. The newspaper will publish its final print edition on February 27, 2019, and transition to web-only content beginning March 1, 2019.

Six Chix

Six Chix is a collaborative comic strip distributed by King Features Syndicate since it debuted in January 2000.

The series is drawn by six female cartoonists who rotate the drawing duties through the week based on a fixed schedule:

Monday – Isabella Bannerman

Tuesday – Martha Gradisher; Margaret Shulock (through March 2017)

Wednesday – Susan Camilleri Konar; Rina Piccolo (through October 2016)

Thursday – Mary Lawton; Anne Gibbons (through August 2017); Carla Ventresca (October 2005 through July 2007); Ann Telnaes (through September 2005)

Friday – Maritsa Patrinos; Benita Epstein (through March 2019); Kathryn LeMieux (through April 2009)

Saturday – Stephanie Piro

Sunday – Rotates

The Sunday comic is drawn by the team members on a rotating basis. The look and feel of the strip varies greatly among the six artists with no particular attempt made to introduce cohesiveness, although the strip usually focuses on relationships, child rearing and other issues of interest to women.

Six Chix has been syndicated to more than 120 newspapers, including the Arizona Republic, Detroit News, San Diego Union-Tribune, San Francisco Chronicle, and Seattle Post-Intelligencer.

Five months after the strip was launched, the six women met each other for the first time on May 27, 2000. The occasion was a National Cartoonists Society Reubens Dinner in New York. On June 2, 2000, they appeared together on the Lifetime for Women Television Network.

South Lake Union Streetcar

The South Lake Union Line is a streetcar route in Seattle, Washington, United States, forming part of the Seattle Streetcar system. It travels 1.3 miles (2.1 km) and connects Downtown Seattle to the South Lake Union neighborhood using Westlake Avenue, Terry Avenue, and Valley Street. The South Lake Union Streetcar was the first modern line to operate in Seattle, beginning service on December 12, 2007.

The streetcar line was conceived as part of the redevelopment of South Lake Union into a technology hub, with support from Paul Allen and his venture capital firm Vulcan Inc. The $56 million project was funded using a combination of contributions from local property owners, local governments, state grants, and a federal grant. Construction began in July 2006 and was completed in December 2007 by the Seattle Department of Transportation. The line is owned by the City of Seattle, with operation and maintenance contracted out to King County Metro.

The line is popularly known by its nickname, the South Lake Union Trolley (abbreviated as "SLUT"), which is used on unofficial merchandise sold by local businesses. The streetcar was controversial in its first few years due to its slow speed, low ridership, public funding, and connections to real estate development. Improvements to the streetcar's corridor since 2011 have increased service and improved schedule reliability, but ridership has declined since peaking in 2014. A planned streetcar project to connect the South Lake Union Line with the First Hill Line via Downtown Seattle was placed on hold by the city government in 2018.

Washington State Route 99

State Route 99 (SR 99), also known as the Pacific Highway, is a state highway in the Seattle metropolitan area, part of the U.S. state of Washington. It runs 49 miles (79 km) from Fife in the south to Everett in the north, passing through the cities of Federal Way, SeaTac, Seattle, Shoreline, and Lynnwood. The route primarily follows arterial streets but has several freeway segments, including the SR 99 Tunnel in Downtown Seattle.

SR 99 was originally a section of U.S. Route 99 (US 99), which was once the state's primary north–south highway. US 99 was created in 1926 and replaced earlier local roads that date back to the 1890s and state roads designated as early as 1913. The highway was moved onto the Alaskan Way Viaduct in 1953, replacing a congested stretch through Downtown Seattle, and other sections were built to expressway standards in the 1950s.

US 99 was ultimately replaced by the Tacoma–Everett section of Interstate 5 (I-5), which opened in stages between 1965 and 1969. The route was de-certified in 1969 and SR 99 was created to keep segments of the highway under state control. After decades of rampant crime on some sections of SR 99, various city governments funded projects to beautify the highway and convert it into a boulevard. A section of the highway in Tukwila was transferred to city control in 2004, creating a two-mile (3.2 km) gap in the route between the interchanges of SR 518 and SR 599.

The Alaskan Way Viaduct was closed on January 11, 2019, and was replaced with a downtown bored tunnel that opened on February 4, 2019. The replacement project was spurred by the 2001 Nisqually earthquake, which damaged the viaduct and left it vulnerable to further damage, as well as city plans to revitalize the Seattle waterfront. The $3 billion megaproject was mired in planning delays for several years before construction began in 2011 with the partial demolition of the viaduct. The tunnel was constructed using Bertha, the world's largest tunnel boring machine at the time of its launch in 2013, which had a two-year delay and was completed in 2017. After the viaduct is demolished in 2019, Alaskan Way will be expanded into a park promenade.

SR 99 was officially named the William P. Stewart Memorial Highway by the state legislature in 2016, after a campaign to replace an earlier designation honoring Confederate president Jefferson Davis.

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