Searcy County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,195. The county seat is Marshall. The county was formed December 13, 1838, from a portion of Marion County and named for Richard Searcy, the first clerk and judge in the Arkansas Territory. The city of Searcy, Arkansas, some seventy miles away, shares the name despite having never been part of Searcy County. The county is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.
|Searcy County, Arkansas|
Searcy County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
|Founded||December 13, 1838|
|• Total||669 sq mi (1,733 km2)|
|• Land||666 sq mi (1,725 km2)|
|• Water||2.4 sq mi (6 km2), 0.4%|
|• Density||12/sq mi (5/km2)|
|Congressional districts||1st, 3rd|
|Time zone||Central: UTC−6/−5|
The Chocolate Roll™ is a dessert endemic to Searcy but little known outside the near region. A typical Chocolate Roll™ is made from pie dough spread with a mixture of cocoa powder, shortening, and sugar, then rolled up and baked. In 2012 The Greater Searcy County Chamber of Commerce declared Searcy County the "Chocolate Roll Capital of the World™", and asserted trademarks. Since 2012 Marshall High School has hosted an annual Chocolate Roll™ Festival that includes the World Champion Chocolate Roll Contest™. The 6th was held on March 18, 2017.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2000 census, there were 8,261 people, 3,523 households, and 2,466 families residing in the county. The population density was 12 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 4,292 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.26% White, 0.04% Black or African American, 0.75% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. 1.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,523 households out of which 27.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.50% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.83.
In the county, the population was spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 24.50% from 25 to 44, 26.70% from 45 to 64, and 19.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $21,397, and the median income for a family was $27,580. Males had a median income of $21,768 versus $16,276 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,536. About 17.80% of families and 23.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.00% of those under age 18 and 26.60% of those age 65 or over.
Along with adjacent Newton County, Searcy is unique among Arkansas counties in being traditionally Republican in political leanings even during the overwhelmingly Democratic "Solid South" era. This Republicanism resulted from their historical paucity of slaves, in turn created by infertile soils unsuitable for intensive cotton farming, and produced support for the Union during the Civil War. These were the only two counties in Arkansas to be won by Alf Landon in 1936, Wendell Willkie in 1940, Charles Evans Hughes in 1916, and even Calvin Coolidge in 1924. In Presidential elections post-1932, Harry S. Truman and Jimmy Carter are the only Democrats to carry the county. In the 1992 election George H. W. Bush won his second-highest margin in the state, and the Republican nominee has received over 60 percent in Presidential elections from 2000 to 2012 inclusive. In 2016, Searcy County voted over 79 percent for Donald Trump, while former Arkansas First Lady Hillary Clinton received just 16 percent.
The county is in Arkansas's 1st congressional district, which from Reconstruction until 2010 sent only Democrats to the U.S. House. That year, it elected Republican Rick Crawford, who currently holds the seat as of 2014. In the Arkansas House of Representatives Searcy County is represented by second-term Republican David Branscum from the 83rd (and formerly the 90th prior to 2013) district. The state senator, Missy Thomas Irvin, is also a Republican, serving her second term from the 18th district.
Since 1980, in gubernatorial races, the county has tended to favor Republicans in all but one contest. It voted for Frank White in his successful run against freshman Democrat incumbent Bill Clinton in 1980. It supported White again in 1982 and 1986 in rematches with Clinton. It also voted for Woody Freeman over Clinton in 1984. It was the only county in Arkansas where Republican Sheffield Nelson won in both 1990 and 1994. In 1990, it was Nelson's best county in the entire state, winning 64 percent to then-Governor Bill Clinton's 36 percent in Searcy County. In 1994, Searcy County was among the two counties to vote for Nelson over incumbent Democrat Jim Guy Tucker, Benton County being the other (which actually voted for Clinton over Nelson in 1990).
In 1998, Searcy County voted for Republican Mike Huckabee with just under 70 percent, and again in 2002, albeit with a reduced margin of 57 percent. In 2006, it voted 52 percent for Republican ex-Congressman Asa Hutchinson, who lost to Democrat Mike Beebe. In 2010, however, it did vote for incumbent Democrat Mike Beebe with a margin of 57 percent to 40 percent over former state Senator Jim Keet, the first time it had done so since 1978. Keet was regarded as a weak candidate, as he failed to carry a single county.
Public education is provided for early childhood, elementary and secondary education from multiple school districts including:
Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Searcy County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. 
|Township||FIPS code||ANSI code
|Bear Creek No. 4||05-90177||02406938||Marshall||989||21.20||8.18||46.655||120.8||0.174||0.4507|
|Bear Creek No. 5||05-90178||02406939||Marshall||728||492.22||190.08||1.479||3.831||0.002||0.005180|
|Bear Creek No. 6||05-90179||02406940||Marshall||913||36.64||14.15||24.917||64.53||0.096||0.2486|
|St. Joe||05-93279||00069094||St. Joe||390||13.07||5.05||29.838||77.28||0.239||0.6190|
|Tomahawk||05-93618||00069098||Gilbert, St. Joe||574||10.68||4.12||53.762||139.2||0.421||1.090|
|Source: U.S. Census Bureau|
Bear Creek No. 4 Township is one of 15 current townships in Searcy County, Arkansas, USA. As of the 2010 census, its total population was 989.Bear Creek No. 5 Township, Searcy County, Arkansas
Bear Creek No. 5 Township is one of 15 current townships in Searcy County, Arkansas, USA. As of the 2010 census, its total population was 728.Bear Creek No. 6 Township, Searcy County, Arkansas
Bear Creek No. 6 Township is one of 15 current townships in Searcy County, Arkansas, USA. As of the 2010 census, its total population was 913.Calf Creek Township, Searcy County, Arkansas
Calf Creek Township is one of fifteen current townships in Searcy County, Arkansas, USA. As of the 2010 census, its total population was 326.Long Creek Township, Searcy County, Arkansas
Long Creek Township is one of fifteen current townships in Searcy County, Arkansas, USA. As of the 2010 census, its total population was 474.Marshall, Arkansas
Marshall is a city in Searcy County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 1,355 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Searcy County. Marshall was incorporated in 1884. Prior to the American Civil War, Marshall was known as Burrowsville.Missouri and North Arkansas Railroad
The Missouri and North Arkansas Railroad was a regional carrier from 1906 to 1946, which at its peak strength joined Joplin in southwestern, Missouri with Helena in Phillips County in eastern Arkansas.
Few railroads experienced more misfortunes than the M&NA: storms, economic difficulties, labor problems, rough topography, and numerous fires. Ultimately, the company failed because Its service territory could not produce the revenue essential to the support of the railroad. The M&NA faced regional competition from two routes of the Missouri Pacific Railroad. Poor rail construction led to infrastructure failures during times of flooding. The M&NA was initially launched as a connection from Seligman in Barry County in southwestern Missouri, located on the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway, popularly known as the "Frisco".Mount Pleasant Township, Searcy County, Arkansas
Mount Pleasant Township is one of fifteen current townships in Searcy County, Arkansas, USA. As of the 2010 census, its total population was 465.National Register of Historic Places listings in Searcy County, Arkansas
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Searcy County, Arkansas.
This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Searcy County, Arkansas, United States. The locations of National Register properties and districts for which the latitude and longitude coordinates are included below, may be seen in a map.There are 50 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county.
This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted May 10, 2019.Oxley Township, Searcy County, Arkansas
Oxley Township is one of fifteen current townships in Searcy County, Arkansas, USA. As of the 2010 census, its total population was 364.Prairie Township, Searcy County, Arkansas
Prairie Township is one of fifteen current townships in Searcy County, Arkansas, USA. As of the 2010 census, its total population was 550.Red River Township, Searcy County, Arkansas
Red River Township is one of fifteen current townships in Searcy County, Arkansas, USA. As of the 2010 census, its total population was 321.Rock Creek Township, Searcy County, Arkansas
Rock Creek Township is one of fifteen current townships in Searcy County, Arkansas, USA. As of the 2010 census, its total population was 547.Shady Grove Township, Searcy County, Arkansas
Shady Grove Township is one of fifteen current townships in Searcy County, Arkansas, USA. As of the 2010 census, its total population was 189.Spring Township, Searcy County, Arkansas
Spring Township is one of fifteen current townships in Searcy County, Arkansas, USA. As of the 2010 census, its total population was 588.St. Joe Township, Searcy County, Arkansas
St. Joe Township is one of fifteen current townships in Searcy County, Arkansas, USA. As of the 2010 census, its total population was 390.Tomahawk Township, Searcy County, Arkansas
Tomahawk Township is one of fifteen current townships in Searcy County, Arkansas, USA. As of the 2010 census, its total population was 574.Wileys Cove Township, Searcy County, Arkansas
Wileys Cove Township is one of fifteen current townships in Searcy County, Arkansas, USA. As of the 2010 census, its total population was 777.Witts Springs School District
Witts Springs School District No. 1 was a school district headquartered in Witts Springs in unincorporated Searcy County, Arkansas.
The district's final superintendent was Glenda Hendrix.
Places adjacent to Searcy County, Arkansas
Municipalities and communities of Searcy County, Arkansas, United States
‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties
Little Rock (capital)