Scuderia Toro Rosso

Scuderia Toro Rosso, commonly known as Toro Rosso or by its abbreviation STR and currently competing as Red Bull Toro Rosso Honda, is an Italian Formula One racing team. When the name "Toro Rosso" is translated to English, it is exactly the same word as its sister team—Red Bull. It is one of two Formula One teams owned by Austrian beverage company Red Bull, the other being Red Bull Racing. Toro Rosso functions as a junior team to Red Bull Racing, with the aim of developing the skills of promising drivers for the senior team. The team made its racing debut in the 2006 season, moving to complete independence from its sister team in 2010.[5]

The team was established after Paul Stoddart sold his remaining interest in the Minardi team at the end of 2005 to Red Bull's owner, Dietrich Mateschitz and Minardi was renamed Toro Rosso.

Mateschitz subsequently struck a 50/50 joint-ownership deal with former Formula One driver Gerhard Berger before the start of the season. In late November 2008, Red Bull regained total ownership of Toro Rosso after buying back Berger's share of the team.[6]

From 2007 to 2013, Toro Rosso used Ferrari V8 engines, taking over the contract that their senior team broke from at the end of 2006 to switch engine builders to Renault. For 2014, Toro Rosso switched to Renault engines as well, but in 2016 returned to using Ferrari power. However, they switched back to Renault in 2017 (albeit under 'Toro Rosso' branding), then in 2018 to Honda. The team principal is Franz Tost, formerly of BMW's motor sport division.

Vitantonio Liuzzi scored the team's first point in its first season at the 2006 United States Grand Prix. The team's first and only pole position, podium and victory were scored by Sebastian Vettel at the 2008 Italian Grand Prix. Max Verstappen became the youngest driver in Formula One history at 17 years and 166 days old by competing in a Toro Rosso at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix.

Italy Scuderia Toro Rosso-Honda
Scuderia Toro Rosso logo
Full nameRed Bull Toro Rosso Honda
BaseFaenza, Italy
Team principal(s)Helmut Marko
(Advisor to Red Bull GmbH)
Franz Tost
(Team Principal)
Team ManagerGraham Watson
Technical directorJody Egginton[1]
Founder(s)Dietrich Mateschitz
Previous nameMinardi F1 Team
2019 Formula One World Championship
Race drivers23. Thailand Alexander Albon[2]
26. Russia Daniil Kvyat[3]
Test driversTBA
EngineHonda RA619H[4]
Formula One World Championship career
First entry2006 Bahrain Grand Prix
Latest entry2019 British Grand Prix
Races entered257
Race victories1
Pole positions1
Fastest laps1
2018 position9th (33 pts)


Toro Rosso headquarters in Faenza, Italy (2016)

Minardi had competed in Formula One from 1985 to 2005. Despite having a large fan base, it had been one of the least competitive teams in the sport, never achieving a podium finish and only finishing as high as fourth in three races.

Minardi owner Paul Stoddart claimed to have had 41 approaches to buy the team, but preferred to sell it to someone who could 'take it further' than he could and who would maintain it in its traditional base in Italy.[7] Included in the terms of the deal with Red Bull GmbH was the clause that the team must keep its headquarters in Faenza, Italy until at least the 2007 season.

Whilst Red Bull have abandoned the Minardi name in line with their own sponsorship and marketing plans, the use of the Italian language in the name is intended to hint at the team's Italian heritage. Red Bull changed the name of the team immediately after taking control of the team on 1 November 2005. It was initially reported as 'Squadra Toro Rosso' (team Red Bull) but then changed because squadra in Italian depicts a 'squad' like a football team, to 'Scuderia Toro Rosso'. Scuderia is Italian for a stable reserved for racing horses, and is also commonly applied to Italian motor racing teams, such as Ferrari.

Many Minardi fans were upset by the name change to Scuderia Toro Rosso and over 15,000 signed an online petition to keep the Minardi name, but were unsuccessful.

Racing history


Vitantonio Liuzzi and Scott Speed were the 2006 race drivers of the STR1, with Neel Jani filling the test/third driver role. Liuzzi had raced part-time for Red Bull Racing in 2005, while Speed entered F1 following the Red Bull Driver Search in the United States. Jani was the test driver for Sauber Petronas in 2004.

The 2006 chassis was a modified version of the 2005 Red Bull Racing RB1. Some teams felt that this infringed the Concorde Agreement as each team is expected to design their own car. Toro Rosso claim that this design was originally produced during 2004 by Jaguar Racing, Red Bull's predecessor, and that the intellectual rights had belonged to the Ford Motor Company, Jaguar Racing's parent company before passing to Toro Rosso.

The team used Minardi's contracted supply of rev limited and air restricted Cosworth 3.0l V10 engines. This concession had been granted to assist less well funded teams by avoiding the cost of sourcing a new supply of V8 engines as required by the 2006 regulations.[8] The continuation of this arrangement after the Red Bull takeover caused friction with other teams, in particular Super Aguri and Midland who felt that the engine conferred too much of an advantage. They contended that the concession to allow the team use a V10 engine was based on Minardi's poor financial situation, and should not have continued to apply after the team achieved a completely different financial footing.

As the season progressed, the Toro Rossos began to struggle in qualifying as their competitors developed their new V8 engines to rev closer to 20,000 rpm to get more power. To try to balance the playing field, Toro Rosso asked for an extra 500 rpm for qualifying, however the FIA permitted them only 300 rpm.


For the 2007 season, Toro Rosso began using the Ferrari 056 V8 engine (1-year old specification), taking over the contract that their senior team broke from by switching to Renault power.

Vitantonio Liuzzi 2007 (crop)
Vitantonio Liuzzi driving for the team at the 2007 Malaysian Grand Prix

At the launch of the STR2 on 13 February, Toro Rosso confirmed Liuzzi as a 2007 driver.[9] In testing in Bahrain on 24 February, Scott Speed was confirmed as the team's second driver. Four-time Champ Car champion Sébastien Bourdais was an occasional test driver several times during the season.

The team appointed new technical director Giorgio Ascanelli to replace temporary stand-in Alex Hitzinger on 2 April.[10]

The 2007 season was generally disappointing, with poor reliability and driver errors leading to a low finishing record. Following the European Grand Prix, Speed was dropped under controversial circumstances and was replaced by BMW Sauber development driver Sebastian Vettel who was later confirmed for 2008.[11]

At the Chinese Grand Prix, Toro Rosso scored their best results, with Vettel finishing fourth and Vitantonio Liuzzi sixth, scoring eight points for the team. These were also the drivers' best finishes in Formula One to that point. It was a marked improvement over the preceding Japanese Grand Prix, where Vettel crashed into Mark Webber's Red Bull under safety car conditions while they were running second and third respectively, and Liuzzi lost a potential point after a 25-second penalty for overtaking Adrian Sutil's Spyker for eighth under waved yellow flags dropped him to ninth.

With the 2008 Concorde Agreement outlawing customer cars from 2010 onwards, Dietrich Mateschitz put the Toro Rosso team up for sale in March 2008. He aimed to secure a buyer by the end of 2009, while the team continued in its present guise until then.[12]


Scuderia Toro Rosso's drivers for 2008 were Sebastian Vettel and Sébastien Bourdais. Bourdais earned his first career points with a 7th-place finish at the Australian Grand Prix. Vettel scored his first points of the season with a 5th-place finish at the Monaco Grand Prix. The team showed steady improvement throughout the season, leading up to a solid performance at the Belgian Grand Prix which saw both cars running in the top six for most of the race, and with Bourdais and Vettel running 3rd and 4th respectively on the final lap until cars on tyres better suited to the extreme wet conditions passed them, demoting Vettel to 5th and Bourdais to 7th. The double points finish moved STR above Honda and level with Williams in the Constructors' Championship.

The team pulled off a massive shock at the wet Italian Grand Prix, with Vettel claiming a first pole position and the first win for both himself and the team. This was the first win by a team based in Italy other than Ferrari since the 1957 German Grand Prix, which was won by Juan Manuel Fangio in a Maserati[13] and also the first win for a Ferrari engine in a customer chassis. Vettel beat second-place Heikki Kovalainen by 12 seconds. Vettel was at it again in the next race, the Singapore Grand Prix, Formula One's first ever night race. Vettel qualified 7th and finished the race in 5th, while Bourdais could only manage 12th.

Sebastien Bourdais and Felipe Massa 2008 Japan
Sébastien Bourdais and Felipe Massa battling for position early on in the 2008 Japanese Grand Prix. They later made contact, for which the Toro Rosso driver was penalised.

At the next race in Japan, Vettel again showed his class finishing 6th. Bourdais, meanwhile, was doing well, until Felipe Massa, who had been running in 8th, tried to overtake Bourdais. Massa had climbed up to 8th place after having dropped down to 13th as a result of his drive-through and his first pit-stop. Just after Bourdais left the pitlane after making his final stop, Massa attempted to pass him and the two cars collided at the first corner. Massa spun, but rejoined the track and eventually finished 8th. Bourdais finished the race in 6th place, but had 25 seconds added to his overall time as penalty for the incident, dropping him down to 10th place. This ultimately had the effect of promoting Massa to 7th place, and giving him an extra championship point. It was a controversial penalty, and Bourdais was adamant that he was not to blame.[14]

Vettel's performances earned him a place at the senior Red Bull team for 2009. However, his final drive for Toro Rosso saw him almost play a crucial role in the world championship decider in Brazil. In mixed conditions, Lewis Hamilton needed 5th place to clinch the championship, and was running in this position when he was overtaken by Vettel with two laps remaining. Unable to keep up, Hamilton dropped back, and only took the title when he and Vettel both overtook Timo Glock on the final lap.

In the end, Vettel scored 35 of the team's 39 points, and in doing so, helped Toro Rosso to actually outperform their senior Red Bull team for the first and only time in team history.


With Vettel moving to Red Bull Racing replacing the retired David Coulthard,[15] Sébastien Buemi and Sébastien Bourdais led the team's assault in the 2009 World Championship. After the previous year's success, several drivers wanted to drive for Toro Rosso, including Takuma Sato (who even did three tests with the team) and Bruno Senna. Toro Rosso unveiled their new car last of all the teams taking part in the 2009 season, on 9 March 2009.[16] Before the season started, the team's boss Franz Tost said that it would be "difficult" to do as well as they did in the 2008 season.[16] On 16 July 2009, the team announced that Sébastien Bourdais' contract was to be terminated with immediate effect due to disappointing results. On 20 July 2009, the team announced that Jaime Alguersuari would replace him as official driver for the rest of the season. Multiple WRC Champion Sébastien Loeb had been quoted in the French sports-paper L'Equipe as being interested in replacing Bourdais.[17] It had been stated that Loeb would not be available to race in F1 until after the end of the WRC season.[18] He would've been available to make his F1 debut at the 2009 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix in November.[19] However, this was not to be as the FIA denied him a super licence which is required to drive in Formula One.[20] The season ended with Toro Rosso finishing in tenth and last place in the championship after being overtaken by Force India after their podium finish in Belgium. However, Toro Rosso's form picked up towards the end of the season with Sébastien Buemi scoring points in the final two races. However, Jaime Alguersuari failed to score any points in the season.


Buemi Toro Rosso Jerez (cropped)
Sébastien Buemi testing the Toro Rosso STR5 during pre-season testing at Circuito de Jerez in 2010

Scuderia Toro Rosso confirmed that they would keep Sébastien Buemi and Jaime Alguersuari, in the hope of achieving better results. On 10 November 2009, Toro Rosso announced that Sébastien Buemi would continue to race for them in 2010. No official announcement of the second driver had been made up to then, however Jaime Alguersuari was reported to take the second race seat, as published on 26 November 2009.[21] On 22 January 2010, the team confirmed the signing of Alguersuari, and he scored the first points of his career by finishing ninth under the new points system at the Malaysian Grand Prix. He finished tenth in Spain scoring a point thanks to Lewis Hamilton's penultimate lap crash. He also received a drive-through penalty in that race. At the next race in Monaco Buemi finished 11th and Alguersuari 12th, the last two runners at the end of the race. However, when Michael Schumacher received a 20-second penalty for a last turn overtake against Fernando Alonso, Buemi was moved up to tenth, scoring a point.


Sébastien Buemi and Jaime Alguersuari have been confirmed as drivers of the team's STR6 for 2011,[22] Daniel Ricciardo would be the team's reserve and test driver, and will also take part in free practice at each of the Grands Prix.[23] The STR6 was launched on 1 February in Valencia, Spain.

J Alguersuari 2 Monza 2011
Jaime Alguersuari finished seventh, his best result in F1, with the team at the 2011 Italian Grand Prix.

At the beginning of the season in Australia, Buemi finished eighth and collected four championship points. The Malaysian Grand Prix saw no points while China saw both cars in the top 10 for qualifying, Alguersuari in seventh and Buemi in tenth. However Alguersuari turned out to be the race's only retirement and Buemi finished way down the field. Turkey saw Buemi finishing ninth while Spain was another bad race for the team with Alguersuari again failing to score. Monaco saw Buemi in the points in tenth, ahead of Nico Rosberg whilst Alguersuari crashed out along with Vitaly Petrov in an incident that brought out the red flag to the race. In Canada, Alguersuari finished eighth, helped out by the retirements of Adrian Sutil, Nick Heidfeld and Paul di Resta. Buemi also finished in tenth for the team's first double score since the 2009 Australian Grand Prix when Buemi was seventh ahead of Sébastien Bourdais.

In the British Grand Prix, Alguersuari scored a point with a tenth-place finish while Buemi collided with di Resta, which forced his retirement from the race. Neither driver finished in the points in Germany, but both drivers picked up points in Hungary; Buemi came from 23rd on the grid to finish eighth while Alguersuari added another point to his tally with tenth place. At the Belgian Grand Prix, Alguersuari qualified sixth, but retired on the first lap after contact with Bruno Senna. Buemi also retired after contact with Sergio Pérez. Both drivers picked up points at Monza, with Alguersuari a career-best seventh and Buemi tenth. In Singapore, Buemi finished 12th and Alguersuari was classified 21st after crashing in the closing stages.

At the Japanese Grand Prix, Alguersuari finished in fifteenth position, while Buemi retired with a loose tyre. The Korean Grand Prix saw the team qualify in eleventh and thirteenth places. Due to their car's high straight-line speed, Buemi picked up points with ninth, while Alguersuari overtook Rosberg's Mercedes on the final lap to take the team's best race result in 2011, of seventh place. Alguersuari added an eighth place in India, while Buemi retired. In Abu Dhabi, Alguersuari again finished down in fifteenth; meanwhile Buemi had his third retirement in four races. Both drivers finished outside the points at the season-ending Brazilian Grand Prix in eleventh and twelfth places.


Jean-Eric Vergne 2012 Malaysia FP2
Jean-Éric Vergne scored his first points for the team at the 2012 Malaysian Grand Prix, just like his teammate, Daniel Ricciardo had done at the previous race, in Australia.

On 14 December 2011, it was announced that Daniel Ricciardo and Jean-Éric Vergne would drive for the team in 2012, replacing Sébastien Buemi and Jaime Alguersuari.[24] Team principal Franz Tost later stated that the team had the make-up of a "rookie training school", with the prospect of bringing new talent to the team.[25] After scoring points in the opening two rounds, Toro Rosso could not manage to maintain that pace and failed to finish in the points until the 12th race of the season, the Belgian Grand Prix.

On 6 September 2012, it was announced that James Key had joined the team as Technical Director, replacing Giorgio Ascanelli.[26]

Despite some better results in the final races, Toro Rosso suffered a poor season which saw the team finish in ninth place in the Constructors' Championship, only ahead of Caterham, Marussia and HRT.


On 31 October 2012, it was confirmed that Toro Rosso would retain its drivers Daniel Ricciardo and Jean-Éric Vergne for the 2013 season.[27]

The team did not make the start they wanted at the Australian Grand Prix after Vergne finished 12th and Ricciardo retired due to an exhaust problem. However, at the Malaysian Grand Prix, Vergne managed to score the team's first point of the season with a respectable 10th place, while Ricciardo retired in 18th due to another exhaust problem. At the Chinese Grand Prix however, Ricciardo's fortunes turned around as he managed to finish in a career best 7th place while Vergne could only finish 12th. At the Bahrain Grand Prix, Vergne suffered a puncture and had to retire from the race and Ricciardo finished 16th and ultimately a lap down. In Spain, Ricciardo managed to score another point via a 10th place but still a lap down while Vergne collided and ultimately had to retire from the race. In Monaco, fortunes turned around for Vergne as he managed to finish an impressive 8th and score 4 points while Ricciardo, like his teammate in Spain, suffered a collision and had to retire from the race.

The Canadian Grand Prix saw the team take their best qualifying result since the 2011 Chinese Grand Prix, with Vergne qualifying seventh and Ricciardo tenth on the grid in wet conditions. Vergne finished the race in sixth place picking up 8 points, Toro Rosso's best result since the 2008 Brazilian Grand Prix.

Red Bull driver Mark Webber announced he was to retire from Formula One at the end of the season, leaving a vacant seat at Toro Rosso's sister team. Both drivers were in the hunt for a drive with the most dominant team in Formula One at the time. At the next race in Britain, Daniel Ricciardo qualified 5th place on the grid, which he converted into an 8th-place finish in the race. Vergne retired after suffering a puncture 35 laps in while running in the points. Ricciardo continued his form into Germany where he qualified 6th with teammate Vergne struggling in 16th. Ricciardo just missed out on points in 12th while Vergne retired on lap 22.

In Hungary both cars were out of the points and in qualifying for the 2013 Belgian Grand Prix, both cars went out in Q1, starting 18th and 19th—the team's worst qualifying performance of the year. However, Ricciardo bounced back to take 10th and looked set for a move to Red Bull in 2014. Vergne came 12th for the second race in a row.

Before the following race in Italy it was announced that Ricciardo would replace Webber at Red Bull for the 2014 season. Ricciardo impressed his future employers with a strong 7th position in qualifying while teammate Vergne started 10th with a mistake in Q3 ruining his chancing of improving on his previous time. In the race, Ricciardo picked up more points with 7th to take 13th place in the Drivers' Championship from Vergne who retired on lap 14.


During the 2013 Monaco Grand Prix weekend it was announced Toro Rosso had signed a long-term agreement with Renault to use their engines from 2014.[28] On 21 October 2013, it was announced that Jean-Éric Vergne would remain with the team for a third successive season, and will be partnered by Daniil Kvyat, who was a race-winner in the GP3 Series and the FIA European Formula 3 Championship in 2013.[29]

The team made an impressive start at the Australian Grand Prix with Vergne qualifying 6th, Toro Rosso's best qualifying result since the 2013 British Grand Prix and Kvyat qualifying 8th. The drivers finished the race 8th and 9th respectfully to score Toro Rosso's first points of the season, and his result, Kvyat had broken Sebastian Vettel's record as the youngest points scorer in Formula One history. At the Malaysian Grand Prix, Vergne qualified 9th while Kvyat qualified 11th. The race was going well for them until on lap 18, Vergne suffered a power unit failure in his car, which has been a common occurrence in Renault powered cars at that point in the season. Meanwhile, Kvyat finished 10th and scored 1 point but was ultimately a lap down from the race winner.

At the Bahrain Grand Prix, both Vergne and Kvyat qualified well down the field in 13th and 14th; Kvyat finished 11th while Vergne retired due to a collision. At the next race in China, Vergne qualified 9th and Kvyat 13th, but Kvyat was able to score a point in 10th place. At the Spanish Grand Prix, Kvyat once again qualified 13th while Vergne started 16th. Kvyat finished 14th, a lap down from the race winner while Vergne retired from the race due to an exhaust problem. At the Monaco Grand Prix, both cars qualified in the top ten, as Vergne was seventh while Kvyat qualified in ninth. However, with exhaust ailments inflicting both cars, neither driver was able to finish the race. At the Canadian Grand Prix, Vergne started 8th while Kvyat qualified in 15th; Vergne finished where he started, while Kvyat retired due to a driveshaft failure.

At the Austrian Grand Prix, Kvyat took his best qualifying position with 7th, while Vergne lined up from 15th position. The team suffered another double retirement, as Vergne retired due to an issue with his brakes, while Kvyat was sidelined with a suspension problem. At the British Grand Prix, both cars once again qualified in the top ten, with Kvyat ninth and Vergne tenth. For the first time since Australia, both drivers scored points, as both Kvyat and Vergne finished precisely where they started. At the German Grand Prix, Kvyat qualified eighth, five places ahead of his teammate. Vergne finished the race in 13th, while Kvyat retired from the race, after his car caught fire. At the Hungarian Grand Prix, Vergne qualified 8th and Kvyat qualified 11th, with Vergne picking up 2 points for 9th position. Kvyat finished 14th, a lap down from race winner Daniel Ricciardo.

One week prior to the Belgian Grand Prix, Toro Rosso announced the signing of then 16-year-old Max Verstappen to replace Vergne at the conclusion of the 2014 season to be partnered with Kvyat – meaning that Vergne would be without a seat with the team.[30] In Belgium, Kvyat qualified 11th and Vergne qualified 12th, with Kvyat collecting 2 points after finishing 9th, while Vergne just missed out on the final points position, in 11th. At the team's home race in Italy, Kvyat once again outqualified Vergne, starting 11th to Vergne's 13th. Both drivers finished the race in the same position in which they started. At the Singapore Grand Prix, Kvyat lined up 10th while Vergne was 12th. Despite receiving a 5-second penalty for exceeding track limits, Vergne finished the race in 6th place, Kvyat finished in 14th place. At the Japanese Grand Prix, Vergne outqualified Kvyat as they started 11th and 13th respectively, and Vergne scored more points with a 9th-place finish, while Kvyat was just outside the points in 11th. Just before this race, Red Bull announced that Sebastian Vettel would leave their team at the conclusion of the season, and that Kvyat would be promoted to the senior team – giving Vergne a renewed chance to fight for his seat with Toro Rosso for the remainder of the season.[31] Among the candidates being considered for the second seat were Vergne, as well as Red Bull Junior Team drivers Carlos Sainz Jr. and Pierre Gasly – who finished first and second in the Formula Renault 3.5 Series – and Alex Lynn, the GP3 Series champion.[32][33]

Fortunes improved significantly for Kvyat as he qualified 5th for his home race in Russia, while Vergne qualified 10th. Both drivers finished outside the points, with Vergne 13th and Kvyat 14th. At the United States Grand Prix, Kvyat qualified 14th and Vergne was just behind in 15th. In the race, Vergne finished 10th while Kvyat finished a lap down, in 15th. At the penultimate race of the season in Brazil, Kvyat qualified 14th while Vergne was 16th; neither car finished in the points, with Kvyat 11th and Vergne 13th and both drivers were a lap down. At the final race of the season in Abu Dhabi, Kvyat matched his best qualifying position with 5th place, while Vergne was in 10th. Again, both cars failed to finish in the points; Kvyat retired due to a power unit failure while Vergne finished 12th. In 2014, Toro Rosso scored 30 points; Vergne scored 22 points while Kvyat scored 8.


Toro Rosso duo 2015 Malaysia Race
The two Toro Rossos of Carlos Sainz Jr. and Max Verstappen at the 2015 Malaysian Grand Prix

On 26 November 2014, Jean-Éric Vergne announced he would be leaving Toro Rosso after 3 seasons, and two days later, Toro Rosso confirmed that Carlos Sainz Jr. would partner Max Verstappen for the 2015 season.[34][35]

At the Australian Grand Prix, Sainz qualified 8th while his teammate Max Verstappen qualified 12th. Sainz finished ninth and collected two points on his début while Verstappen retired due to his car suffering an engine failure.

During the 2015 season, Toro Rosso enjoyed unexpected success on the grid; the break-out of Max Verstappen combined with many points finishes along with two 4th places, both by Verstappen, ensured that Toro Rosso enjoyed their most successful season in Formula One based on points. Verstappen scored 49 points while his teammate Carlos Sainz Jr managed to score 18 points.


At the end of the 2015 season, after the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix, it was announced that Toro Rosso would be reviving their partnership with Ferrari for the 2016 season, The only difference this time was that Toro Rosso would be provided with 2015 power units, as opposed to up-to-date 2016 power units used in previous seasons. Toro Rosso used Ferrari engines from 2007 through 2013 during the V8 normally-aspirated era. On 4 January 2016 it was announced that Toro Rosso would adopt a longer wheelbase for the all-new STR11 car due to the Ferrari 060 power unit and gearbox requiring a spacer to accommodate the MGU-K at the rear of the engine (similar to the Marussia MR03 which had a longer wheelbase: about 3700 mm).[36] After a controversial crash in Russia, Kvyat was brought back to Toro Rosso from Red Bull, with Max Verstappen taking his place.


2017 British Grand Prix (35895907426)
Carlos Sainz Jr. at the 2017 British Grand Prix

During the 2016 Monaco Grand Prix, it was announced that Scuderia Toro Rosso would be reuniting their partnership with Renault for 2017.[37] The team retained Sainz and Kvyat as their drivers.

On 15 September 2017, it was announced that Toro Rosso had secured a multi-year deal with engine supplier Honda who had severed its ties with McLaren after three years.[38]

On 26 September 2017, it was announced that Pierre Gasly would replace Kvyat for an unspecified number of races, beginning with the Malaysian Grand Prix.[39] At the United States Grand Prix, Sainz moved to Renault for the remaining rounds of the season, ahead of his previously announced move for 2018,[40][41] with Kvyat returning to the team. Gasly was absent in order to participate in the final round of the Japanese Super Formula Championship, so Brendon Hartley replaced him for this race.[42] After the race, it was announced that Gasly would return to partner Hartley for the Mexican Grand Prix.[43] After the 2017 Mexican Grand Prix, Helmut Marko said that Daniil Kvyat would not be returning to Toro Rosso and that the team would race with Brendon Hartley and Pierre Gasly for the remainder of the season.[44]


Scuderia Toro Rosso Spare Front Wings 2018 Singapore Grand Prix
STR13 Spare Front Wings 2018 Singapore Grand Prix

On 15 September 2017 it was announced that Toro Rosso would be using Honda power for the 2018 season, switching from Renault.[45] On 16 November 2017 it was announced that Pierre Gasly and Brendon Hartley would be racing for the team during the 2018 season.[46] During pre-season testing, the team shocked a lot of people in the paddock, as their new Honda power unit which was underpowered and unreliable in the McLaren-Honda partnership, led the two rookies to completing almost as many laps as the front runners and setting competitive lap times. During the Australian GP, they were unspectacular in qualifying with Hartley barely missing Q2 in P16 and Gasly last in P20. During the race, Gasly retired with an engine failure while his teammate ran a quiet race to finish 15th as the last car running at the flag, 1 lap down on winner Sebastian Vettel. In the next race in Bahrain, Honda found the issue in Gasly's car and brought upgrades for the weekend. During practice and qualifying, both drivers were setting quick lap times with the Frenchman leading the pair. In qualifying, Hartley barely missed out on Q3 with P11, but his teammate qualified a brilliant 6th which became 5th at the start with Hamilton's penalty. In the race, Hartley received a massive 30-second post-race penalty for not making an effort to regain position as Sergio Pérez overtook him on the formation lap, then making contact with him on turn 4 of the first lap to receive a 10-second stop-go penalty. He ended in P13 but with penalties applied he finished in P17, the last car running. His teammate however, was the exact opposite. He made full use of his starting position to fight for the top positions and benefited massively from the double retirement of the parent team, Red Bull. He then was given a chance to fight for the podium as Kimi Räikkönen retired after a disastrous pit stop and having Lewis Hamilton behind, but lost the position, ending in a brilliant P4.


Alexander Albon and Daniil Kvyat were announced as racing for Toro Rosso in 2019. Toro Rosso would also retain the Honda engines for the season. In Australia, Kvyat finished 10th scoring 1 point. Albon finished 14th with no points. Both cars were 1 lap behind the race winner (Valteri Bottas). At the following race in Bahrain, Albon managed to finish 9th and score 2 points in only his 2nd Formula One race, while Kvyat finished outside the points in 12th. In China, Albon followed up this performance with a 10th place finish, scoring 1 point. Kvyat, however, was forced to retire due to a collision with McLaren's Lando Norris. In Azerbaijan, both drivers failed to score points, with Albon finishing just outside the points in 11th place, while Kvyat was once again forced to retire due to a collision. In Spain, Kvyat finished 9th, scoring 2 points while Albon finished outside the points in 11th position.[47]


Sports sponsorship is a major part of Red Bull's marketing strategy, and Scuderia Toro Rosso is not the first sports team to be bought and completely re-branded: it has done the same for Red Bull Racing (formerly Jaguar Racing), the Austrian football club Red Bull Salzburg (formerly SV Austria Salzburg), German football club RB Leipzig (previously SSV Markranstädt), Austrian Ice Hockey team Red Bull Salzburg EC and MLS' Red Bull New York (previously Metrostars).

On 6 September 2011, the week before the Italian Grand Prix, the team confirmed that they had received a sizeable investment from Spanish petroleum group Cepsa which ended after the 2015 season.[48]

Currently, Toro Rosso has an agreement with the Japanese watch manufacturer Casio (through its Edifice brand) from the 2016 season onwards.[49]

Racing record

Year Name Car Engine Tyres No. Drivers Points WCC
2006 Italy Scuderia Toro Rosso STR1 Cosworth TJ2005 3.0 V10 M 20.
Italy Vitantonio Liuzzi
United States Scott Speed
1 9th
2007 Italy Scuderia Toro Rosso STR2 Ferrari 056 2006 2.4 V8 B 18.
Italy Vitantonio Liuzzi
United States Scott Speed
Germany Sebastian Vettel
8 7th
2008 Italy Scuderia Toro Rosso STR2B
Ferrari 056 2007 2.4 V8 B 14.
France Sébastien Bourdais
Germany Sebastian Vettel
39 6th
2009 Italy Scuderia Toro Rosso STR4 Ferrari 056 2008 2.4 V8 B 11.
France Sébastien Bourdais
Spain Jaime Alguersuari
Switzerland   Sébastien Buemi
8 10th
2010 Italy Scuderia Toro Rosso STR5 Ferrari 056 2009 2.4 V8 B 16.
Switzerland   Sébastien Buemi
Spain Jaime Alguersuari
13 9th
2011 Italy Scuderia Toro Rosso STR6 Ferrari 056 2010 2.4 V8 P 18.
Switzerland   Sébastien Buemi
Spain Jaime Alguersuari
41 8th
2012 Italy Scuderia Toro Rosso STR7 Ferrari 056 2011 2.4 V8 P 16.
Australia Daniel Ricciardo
France Jean-Éric Vergne
26 9th
2013 Italy Scuderia Toro Rosso STR8 Ferrari 056 2012 2.4 V8 P 18.
France Jean-Éric Vergne
Australia Daniel Ricciardo
33 8th
2014 Italy Scuderia Toro Rosso STR9 Renault Energy F1-2014 1.6 V6 t P 25.
France Jean-Éric Vergne
Russia Daniil Kvyat
30 7th
2015 Italy Scuderia Toro Rosso STR10 Renault Energy F1-2015 1.6 V6 t P 33.
Netherlands Max Verstappen
Spain Carlos Sainz Jr.
67 7th
2016 Italy Scuderia Toro Rosso STR11 Ferrari 060 1.6 V6 t P 26.
Russia Daniil Kvyat
Netherlands Max Verstappen
Spain Carlos Sainz Jr.
63 7th
2017 Italy Scuderia Toro Rosso STR12 Toro Rosso 1.6 V6 t[N 1] P 10.
France Pierre Gasly
Russia Daniil Kvyat
New Zealand Brendon Hartley[N 2]
Spain Carlos Sainz Jr.
53 7th
2018 Italy Red Bull Toro Rosso Honda STR13 Honda RA618H 1.6 V6 t P 10.
France Pierre Gasly
New Zealand Brendon Hartley
33 9th
2019 Italy Red Bull Toro Rosso Honda STR14 Honda RA619H 1.6 V6 t P 23.
Thailand Alexander Albon
Russia Daniil Kvyat
19* 8th*

* Season still in progress.


  1. ^ In 2017, Toro Rosso used Renault R.E.17 power units. For sponsorship purposes, these engines were rebadged as "Toro Rosso".
  2. ^ Brendon Hartley was assigned the number 39 for the 2017 United States Grand Prix before he selected a permanent race number.


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External links

Franz Tost

Franz Tost (born 20 January 1956 in Trins, Austria) is an Austrian former racing driver and current team principal of the Scuderia Toro Rosso Formula One team.

Gabriele Tredozi

Gabriele Tredozi (born September 9, 1957 in Brisighella, Italy) is a former engineer with the Minardi and Scuderia Toro Rosso Formula One teams.

While studying mechanical engineering at Bologna University, Tredozi began working for Minardi as an assistant race engineer. Between 1988 and 1996, he race engineered for Pierluigi Martini, Adrián Campos, Christian Fittipaldi, Fabrizio Barbazza and Pedro Lamy. In 1997, following the departure of Aldo Costa to Ferrari, he was appointed as the team's technical coordinator. Responsible for both the design and production areas as well as for on-track technical management, he stayed in that role under technical director Gustav Brunner. When Brunner moved to Toyota in 2001, Tredozi became technical director, where he controlled the day-to-day operation of the drawing office as well as the technical staff. When Minardi was bought and turned into Scuderia Toro Rosso, he stayed on until he was replaced by Alex Hitzinger in mid-2006.

Married to Claudia, he has one son, Tommaso. His main hobby is cycling.

John Booth (motor racing)

John Alfred Booth (born 18 December 1954 in Rotherham, England) is the former Director of Racing at Scuderia Toro Rosso. He is the former team principal of the Virgin/Marussia Formula One team. He was initially the team's sporting director, but took over the role of team principal from Alex Tai less than one month after the team's launch.

Red Bull Junior Team

The Red Bull Junior Team is a driver development program run by the energy drink company Red Bull GmbH in an attempt to identify potential future racing stars in open wheel racing. The similar Red Bull Driver Search, now ended, was an American spinoff of the same idea. Members of the Junior Team are financed and sponsored by Red Bull in lower racing formulae.

The programs have been successful in bringing a selection of drivers into Formula One. Three of them, Sebastian Vettel, Daniel Ricciardo and Max Verstappen have won a Formula One race. Red Bull owns two teams in Formula One, Red Bull Racing and Scuderia Toro Rosso.

The Red Bull Junior Team was also the name of RSM Marko, a team that competed in International Formula 3000 between 1999 and 2003, sponsored by Red Bull and run by Helmut Marko.

The Red Bull Junior Team was formed in 2001 as Red Bull's European driver programme. Red Bull offers funding and support for the promising young drivers that are part of the programme. In 2004, Christian Klien became the first Red Bull Junior to race in Formula One, while in 2008, Sebastian Vettel became the first Red Bull Junior to win a Formula One Grand Prix, the Italian Grand Prix.

Scuderia Toro Rosso STR13

The Scuderia Toro Rosso STR13 is a Formula One racing car designed and constructed by Scuderia Toro Rosso to compete in the 2018 FIA Formula One World Championship. The car was driven by Pierre Gasly and Brendon Hartley, both of whom were retained by the team after contesting selected events in 2017. The STR13 made its competitive début at the 2018 Australian Grand Prix and is the first car built by Scuderia Toro Rosso to use a Honda engine after the team agreed to end its engine supply deal with Renault to allow the French manufacturer to supply McLaren.

Scuderia Toro Rosso STR14

The Toro Rosso STR14 is a Formula One racing car designed and constructed by Scuderia Toro Rosso to compete in the 2019 FIA Formula One World Championship. The car is to be driven by Daniil Kvyat, and debutant Alexander Albon. The car is the second Toro Rosso car to be powered by a Honda engine. The car made its debut at the 2019 Australian Grand Prix.

Sébastien Buemi

Sébastien Olivier Buemi (born 31 October 1988) is a Swiss professional racing driver, who formerly competed for Scuderia Toro Rosso in Formula One. In F1, Buemi is currently a reserve driver for Scuderia Toro Rosso's sister team, Red Bull Racing.

Buemi has competed in the FIA World Endurance Championship with Toyota Gazoo Racing (formerly Toyota Racing) since 2012. He became the 2014 World Endurance Champion in the LMP1 class. He won both the 2018 24 Hours of Le Mans and, subsequently, the 2018-19 WEC Championship.

Buemi has raced FIA Formula E Championship with e.dams Renault since 2014. He won the Formula E Championship in 2015-16.

Toro Rosso STR1

The Scuderia Toro Rosso STR1 was the car with which the Scuderia Toro Rosso team competed in the 2006 Formula One season. It was driven by Vitantonio Liuzzi, who had started four Grands Prix for the sister Red Bull Racing team in 2005, and Scott Speed, a débutant who was the first American driver to compete in F1 since Michael Andretti in 1993. The STR1 was the first car from the Faenza-based team to use Michelin tyres since the Minardi PS02.

2006 marked a new beginning, as Red Bull had bought the Minardi team which had competed in F1 for twenty years and renamed it using the Italian translation of their brandname. The new team inherited Minardi's technical team and its factory at Faenza only, as ex-owner Paul Stoddart kept Minardi's other property in Ledbury. A deal which allowed the team to run restricted V10 engines, instead of V8s, was also maintained despite the new ownership.

This allowed Toro Rosso to use an almost identical version of the previous year's Red Bull RB1 coupled with the same Cosworth engines, only power-restricted under the FIA's equivalency formula. Both the chassis-sharing and V10 engine usage remained controversial topics throughout the season, as the engine agreement was designed to benefit the poor Minardi team, not the much richer Red Bull company. However, this wore off as the season progressed, as fears over the car's potential performance advantage proved to be unfounded.

This was largely due to the year-old chassis, the torque advantage of the V10 being cancelled out by traction control, and the lack of engine development and tyre testing given to the team. However, the team were generally more competitive than Midland/Spyker and Super Aguri, and Liuzzi was able to score the team's one and only point at Indianapolis.

Liuzzi was generally the quicker of the drivers, although Speed improved as he gained in experience. Despite both getting involved in several accidents and mistakes due to their inexperience, the STR duo both drew praise from part-team owner Gerhard Berger for their performances.The team eventually finished ninth in the Constructors' Championship, with one point.

Toro Rosso STR10

The Toro Rosso STR10 is a Formula One racing car which Scuderia Toro Rosso used to compete in the 2015 Formula One season. It was driven by Max Verstappen and Carlos Sainz, Jr.

The car was launched on 31 January 2015. Toro Rosso introduced an extensively modified STR10 for the final pre-season tests at the Barcelona circuit in late February, with a shorter nose, new aerodynamics and a new suspension. According to the team's technical director, James Key, this revised STR10 was "actually the 'real' racecar." The car proved quite competitive throughout the season, managing to score 67 points and a pair of 4th places for Verstappen in the Hungarian and United States Grands Prix. The results allowed Toro Rosso to end the season with 7th place in the World Constructors' Championship, 11 points behind the Mercedes-powered Lotus. This was the last Renault-engine Toro Rosso, before the team returned to Ferrari power units for the 2016 season.

Toro Rosso STR11

The Toro Rosso STR11 is a Formula One racing car designed by Scuderia Toro Rosso to compete in the 2016 Formula One season. The car was driven by Carlos Sainz, Jr. and Daniil Kvyat, who swapped seats with Max Verstappen, who drove the car in the first four Grands Prix of the season. It used Ferrari's 2015-specification power unit, the 060.

Toro Rosso STR12

The Toro Rosso STR12 is a Formula One racing car designed and constructed by Scuderia Toro Rosso to compete during the 2017 Formula One season. The car made its competitive début at the 2017 Australian Grand Prix. It was initially driven by Daniil Kvyat and Carlos Sainz, Jr., however both drivers were replaced by Pierre Gasly and Brendon Hartley towards the end of the season, after the former was dropped from the Red Bull programme, and the latter began a 2018 contract with Renault four races early. The STR12 is powered by engines supplied by Renault after the team used 2015-specification Ferrari power units throughout the 2016 season; however, the engines were rebadged and the engine and chassis package run under the name 'Toro Rosso'.

Toro Rosso STR2

The Toro Rosso STR2 is the car with which the Scuderia Toro Rosso team competed in the 2007 Formula One season. It was unveiled on February 13, 2007 at the Circuit de Catalunya. The car is, controversially, a variant of the Red Bull RB3 chassis (although powered by a Ferrari instead of a Renault engine). It was initially driven by Vitantonio Liuzzi and Scott Speed, until Speed was replaced by Sebastian Vettel at the Hungaroring for the remainder of the season. The car in a modified form was also used to compete in the first four races of the 2008 Formula One season. The modified car was driven by Sébastien Bourdais, four-consecutive-time Champ Car winner, and Vettel. The STR2 was the first-ever Toro Rosso F1 car to use the mandatory 90-degree Formula One V8 engine configuration but Toro Rosso opted for the 2006-spec Ferrari 056 instead of the 2007-spec because of 1-year old Toro Rosso engine policy and also cost reasons.

Toro Rosso STR3

The Toro Rosso STR3 is a Formula One car which Scuderia Toro Rosso used in the 2008 Formula One season designed by Adrian Newey, the Red Bull Racing designer.

Sebastian Vettel, who (since joining Scuderia Toro Rosso) makes it a habit to give his racing cars names, named his STR 3 'Julie'.

It was first tested by Red Bull junior driver, Brendon Hartley in Italy on 2 April and publicly launched on 16 April 2008 at the Circuit de Catalunya, where it was driven by Sébastien Bourdais.Toro Rosso had started the 2008 season with an updated B specification version of their 2007 STR2 car, originally stating that the STR3 would make its début at the fourth or fifth round.

The car was first raced at the 6th round of the season, the Monaco Grand Prix, driven by Sébastien Bourdais and Sebastian Vettel. It was driven by Vettel to victory in the Italian Grand Prix, the team's only and Vettel's first victory.

Toro Rosso STR4

The Toro Rosso STR4 was a Formula One car which Scuderia Toro Rosso used in the 2009 Formula One season. The car was revealed to be a Red Bull RB5 with a 2008-spec Ferrari 056 engine in Barcelona on March 9, 2009. It was revealed before the testing session.

Toro Rosso STR5

The Toro Rosso STR5 was a Formula One motor racing car designed and built by Scuderia Toro Rosso for the 2010 season. The car was a significant change for the team as it represented the first chassis they have designed and built on their own; prior to 2010, the car was identical to that of parent team Red Bull Racing, circumventing a ban on customer chassis by having both cars designed by a third party. The car, driven by an unchanged lineup from 2009 of Sébastien Buemi and Jaime Alguersuari, was unveiled at the first official test of 2010 on February 1, at the Circuit Ricardo Tormo in Valencia.

Toro Rosso STR6

The Toro Rosso STR6 is a Formula One racing car developed by Scuderia Toro Rosso for the 2011 Formula One season. It is the second car that the team has built entirely on their own following the introduction of regulations that banned the use of "customer chassis", a chassis developed by one team and purchased by another (prior to 2010 Toro Rosso used a customer chassis from its "big brother" Red Bull Racing).

In 2011, the car was driven by Sébastien Buemi and Jaime Alguersuari, with test driver Daniel Ricciardo being guaranteed the opportunity to drive the car in the first practice session of a race weekend at all twenty races in the season (Ricciardo was signed by Hispania Racing as a replacement for Narain Karthikeyan from Round 9 of the championship in Great Britain). The car was unveiled on 1 February at the Circuit Ricardo Tormo in Valencia, Spain.The Toro Rosso STR6 was powered by the Type 056 engine from Ferrari, the same engine that powered the works Ferraris but Toro Rosso STR6 was opted 2010-spec Ferrari 056 engine due to cheap price reasons. Alguersuari recorded the cars highest qualifying position with 6th at the Belgian Grand Prix and he also recorded the cars best finish with a pair of 7th places at the Italian and Korean Grands Prix. Buemi and Alguersuari combined to score 41 points in 2011 giving the team 8th in the Constructors Championship. Buemi scored 15 of the points to finish the Drivers' Championship in 15th place while Alguersuari scored 26 to finish 14th.

Toro Rosso STR7

The Toro Rosso STR7, initially referred to as the TR7, is a Formula One racing car designed by Scuderia Toro Rosso for use in the 2012 FIA Formula One World Championship. It was the seventh car run by the team, and the third car that they had developed since the introduction of rules in 2010 prohibiting teams from using a "customer chassis", or a design that had previously been used by another team. The car was driven by Daniel Ricciardo and Jean-Éric Vergne, after the team elected not to renew the contracts of former drivers Sébastien Buemi and Jaime Alguersuari, and was launched on 7 February 2012 at the first winter test of the season at Jerez de la Frontera.

Toro Rosso STR8

The Toro Rosso STR8 (initially referred to as the Toro Rosso STR08) is a Formula One racing car designed and built by Scuderia Toro Rosso for use in the 2013 Formula One season. It was driven by Daniel Ricciardo and Jean-Éric Vergne, both of whom drove for the team in 2012.This was the last Toro Rosso car to use a Ferrari engine (from 2011). Ferrari engines had powered the team since 2007 before switching to Renault engine for 2014 Formula One season. This was also the last Toro Rosso car to use a V8 engine, before being replaced with the V6 engine for 2014.

Toro Rosso STR9

The Toro Rosso STR9 is a Formula One racing car designed by Scuderia Toro Rosso to compete in the 2014 Formula One season. It was driven by Jean-Éric Vergne and 2013 GP3 Series champion Daniil Kvyat, who replaced Daniel Ricciardo after Ricciardo moved to Red Bull Racing. The STR9 was the first Toro Rosso car to use an engine built by Renault, the Energy F1-2014.

Teams and drivers competing in the 2019 Formula One World Championship
Italy Scuderia Toro Rosso
2019 season
RBR F1 cars
STR F1 cars


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