Scouts BSA

Scouts BSA (formerly known as the Boy Scouts) is the flagship membership level of the Boy Scouts of America (BSA) for boys and girls between the ages of 11 and 17. It provides youth training in character, citizenship, and mental and personal fitness. Scouts are expected to develop personal religious values, learn the principles of American heritage and government, and acquire skills to become successful adults.

To achieve these, Scouting applies eight methods of Scouting: Ideals (viz., the Scout Oath, the Scout Law, the Scout Motto, and the Scout Slogan), the patrol method, participation in outdoor programs, advancement, adult association, personal growth, leadership development, and the uniform.

The participants, known as Scouts, are organized in Scout troops, administered by volunteers with support of paid professional staff. Youth and adult members are referred to as Scouts, and the adult leaders as Scouters.[3] Prior to February 1, 2019, the program was called Boy Scouts, and girls were not allowed to participate.[4][5]

In 1994, The Chronicle of Philanthropy, an industry publication, released the results of the largest study of charitable and non-profit organization popularity and credibility. The study ranked the Boy Scouts as the 7th "most popular charity/non-profit in America" of over 100 charities researched with 42% of Americans over the age of 12 choosing Love and Like A Lot for the Boy Scouts .[6][7]

Scouts BSA
Boy Scouts of America universal emblem
OwnerBoy Scouts of America
Age range11 to 17 years[1]
CountryUnited States
Founded1910
Membership
  • 826,045 youth
  • 485,315 adults
  • 37,739 troops (2013)[2]
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Cub Scouting
Next
Venturing
Sea Scouts
Website
https://www.scouting.org/
WikiProject Scouting uniform template male background
Standard uniform colors for Scouts BSA

Program and activities

Boy Scout, 1969
Boy Scout, 1969

The troop program and activities are determined by the senior patrol leader and the patrol leaders council under the oversight of the Scoutmaster. Troops generally hold meetings weekly, although they can be irregular during the summer. Troop meeting activities may vary from training in Scout skills to planning camping trips or playing games.

Troops may plan outings and activities outside the troop meeting. These may involve camping, backpacking, hiking, canoeing, rafting, climbing, caving, rappelling, and other activities. These outings are an important place for Scouts to work on skills and rank advancement, have fun, and engage in productive outdoor activities.[8]

Most councils own and operate one or more permanent camps. These camps may host a variety of activities throughout the year. The summer camp program provides a week-long session for troops that includes merit badge advancement and adventure activities. Facilities may include ranges for shooting sports – archery, rifle, and shotgun – and for climbing and rappelling.

It is common for several troops within a district or council to gather at least once a year at a special weekend campout called a camporee. A camporee is a district- or council-wide event where several units camp and engage in activities, Scoutcraft competitions and learn specialized skills.

The national Scout jamboree usually occurs every four years, and draws more than 30,000 Scouts from across the country and the world.[9] The last jamboree took place in 2017 at The Summit Bechtel Family National Scout Reserve in West Virginia. The Summit is to be a permanent place for the Jamboree and an opportunity to construct a new high-adventure base.

Ideals

The Scout Law, Scout Oath, Scout Motto, Scout Slogan, and Outdoor Code are the cornerstones of Scouts BSA. Each Scout learns to make these ideals a part of their way of life and personal growth.[10] Scouts must memorize and understand these ideals. They also represent these ideals symbolically in official emblems.

The Scout Sign is used when giving the Scout Law or the Scout Oath and as a signal for silence. The Scout Salute is used when saluting the flag of the United States. The left-handed handshake is used as a token of friendship and as an identity with Scouts worldwide.[11][12]

Emblems

First Class (Boy Scouts of America)
First Class emblem

Scouting uses a series of medals and patches as emblems. The badge for the Scout rank consists of a simple fleur-de-lis, which symbolizes a compass needle. The needle points the Scout in the right direction, which is onward and upward.[13] The Tenderfoot badge takes the fleur-de-lis of the Scout badge and adds two stars and an eagle with an American shield. The stars symbolize truth and knowledge; the eagle and shield symbolize freedom and readiness to defend it. The Second Class badge features a scroll inscribed with the Scout Motto, with the ends turned up and a knotted rope hanging from the bottom. The knot reminds each Scout to remember the Scout slogan, and the upturned ends of the scroll symbolize cheerfulness in service. The First Class badge combines the elements of the Tenderfoot and Second Class badges. For years, the First Class badge was used as the emblem of the BSA. Star has a First Class symbol on a five-pointed yellow star, and initially indicated the five merit badges required to earn the rank. Life has a First Class emblem on a red heart, and initially symbolized the first-aid and health-related merit badges that the rank required. Now it signifies that the ideals of Scouting have become a part of the Scout's life and character.[14]

Uniform and insignia

The uniform and insignia of the Boy Scouts of America gives a Scout visibility and creates a level of identity within both the unit and the community. The uniform is used to promote equality while showing individual achievement. While uniforms are similar in basic design, they do vary in color and detail to identify the different divisions of Cub Scouts, Scouts BSA, Venturers, and Sea Scouts.

Scouts and adult leaders wear the Scout uniform.[15] It generally consists of a khaki button-up shirt, olive green pants or shorts, belt, socks, and optional neckerchief. The Scouter dress uniform is appropriate for professional Scouters and Scouting leaders on formal occasions.[16]

Organization

Troop and patrols

The troop is the fundamental unit of Scouts BSA.[17] The troop size can vary from a minimum of five Scouts to several dozen. Each troop is sponsored by a community organization such as a business, service organization, private school, labor group, or religious institution. The chartered organization is responsible for providing a meeting place and promoting a good program. A chartered organization representative manages the relationship between the troop, the chartered organization, and the BSA.

While boys and girls are members of Scouts BSA, individual troops are single gender. A boy and girl troop may however share a common Troop Committee made up of adult leaders, parents of Scouts, and other interested parties that manage membership, finances, camping arrangements, and chartered organization relations among other responsibilities.

Each troop is divided into patrols of eight or so Scouts led by a patrol leader elected from within the patrol.[18] Patrol meetings are generally held during the weekly troop meeting. The patrol's independence from the troop varies among troops and between activities. Patrols' autonomy becomes more visible at campouts, where each patrol may set up its own camping and cooking area. Divisions between patrols may disappear during an event which only a small part of the troop attends. Patrols may hold meetings and even excursions separately from the rest of the troop.[17]

Commonly, troops mix older and younger Scouts in the same patrols, so that the older Scouts can teach the younger ones more effectively. When a Webelos den crosses over from Cub Scouting to Scouts BSA, the "new Scout patrol" method may be used. The new Scouts are kept together as a group, elect their own patrol leader, and are assigned a troop guide—an older Scout who acts as a mentor.[17]

Venture patrol strip
Venture patrol strip

Some troops establish Venture patrols as an optional program for youth 13 through 17 years old. Venture patrols experience more autonomy from the troop than ordinary patrols, and provide older Scouts with expanded social contact and physical challenges. The Venture patrol is guided by the assistant Scoutmaster-Venture who is responsible for Venture patrol activities. Venture patrol members wear the standard Scout uniform with the Venture strip over the right pocket. Patrol members are Boy Scouts and should never be referred to as Venture Scouts.[19]

Other sections

Lone Scout (Boy Scouts of America)
Lone Scout logo

The Lone Scout program serves youth who cannot take part in a nearby troop on a regular basis because of distance, weather, time, disability, or other difficulties. While the Lone Scout does not participate in troop or patrol activities, he or she does learn the fun, values, and achievements of Scouting.[20]


The Order of the Arrow (OA) is a program of the Scouts BSA, Venturing, and Sea Scouts divisions of the BSA. It is the BSA's national honor society for experienced campers, based on Native American traditions, and dedicated to the ideal of cheerful service.[21][22] Scouts and Scouters must belong to a troop, crew, or ship to become OA members. The OA is run by youth under the age of 21 with adult Scouters serving as advisers.

Advancement and recognition

Youth advancement

Scouts BSA has seven ranks that can be earned, grouped into two phases. The first phase of Scout, Tenderfoot, Second Class, and First Class is designed to teach Scoutcraft skills, teamwork, and self-reliance.[23][24][25][26] Scout is the first rank, and requires demonstration of knowledge of Scouting's ideals, the process of rank advancement, troop and patrol structure, and some basic skills (e.g., knot-tying and knife safety). As with all other ranks, a Scoutmaster conference is also required. Further ranks have progressive requirements in the areas of Scoutcraft, physical fitness, citizenship, personal growth, and Scout Spirit. These ranks also require participation in a Board of Review. Scouts with a permanent mental or physical disability may use alternate requirements, based on their abilities and approved by the council.

Gerald R. Ford, Jr. poses with other Eagle Scouts and Michigan Governor Fred Green on Mackinac Island, Michigan August, 1929
Michigan Eagle Scouts in 1929, including President Gerald Ford at age 16

The second phase of Star, Life, and Eagle is designed to develop leadership skills and encourage the Scout to explore potential vocations and avocations through the merit badge program.[27][28][29] These ranks require that the Scout serve in a position of responsibility and perform community service.

The Eagle Scout rank requires, in addition to merit badges and a position of responsibility, a community service project planned and led entirely by the Eagle Scout candidate. After attaining the rank of Eagle, a Scout may earn Eagle Palms for additional tenure and merit badges.

Although Eagle is the highest rank, for which Scouts should strive, the number of Scouts achieving First Class within one year of joining is still one of the key measures of unit effectiveness. Studies have shown that if a Scout achieves First Class within a year of joining, he typically stays in Scouting for at least three years. Scouts who do so are more likely to retain Scout values as an adult and achieve the BSA primary mission of "producing useful citizens".[30]

Ranks and other recognition are presented in a troop awards ceremony called the court of honor. The Eagle Scout rank is usually presented in a separate and special court of honor.

Adult recognition

Scouts BSA leaders who complete training, tenure, and performance requirements are recognized by a system of awards. The Scouters Training Award is available to leaders, while the Scouter's Key and Scoutmaster Award of Merit are only available to the Scoutmaster. The pinnacle of Scout leader training is Wood Badge, for which successful participants receive a special neckerchief, woggle and wooden beads on a thong.

Awards

Several religious emblems programs are administered by various religious institutions and recognized by the BSA. These are generally recognized by a medal and an embroidered square knot. Other advancement and recognitions—such as the 50-miler award, Crime Prevention Awards, Emergency Preparedness Award and World Conservation Award—are available to Scouts who show proficiency in special areas.[31] BSA's National Court of Honor is responsible for lifesaving and meritorious awards.[32] All Courts of Honor for Eagle Scout rank are convened as National Courts of Honor also.

Leadership in the troop

Every troop has two separate leadership structures: one consisting of Scouts and another consisting of adults.[17] The adult leadership manages the logistics of troop activities, administers rank advancement and awards, maintains troop records and finance, and recruits new Scouts and adult leaders. The youth leadership keeps order and coordinates labor at activities. Scouts and adults cooperate to plan agendas for troop meetings, as well as the troop's schedule of outings.

Adult leadership

The troop committee is made up of responsible adults who are approved by the local council and the chartered organization.[17] The committee chair leads the committee and appoints its members to specific tasks such as treasurer, secretary, advancement, activities, equipment, and membership. The committee and the chartered organization representative are responsible for the selection of the Scoutmaster and assistant Scoutmasters. The Scoutmaster must be at least twenty-one and is directly responsible for training and guiding the youth leaders, working with other adults to bring Scouting to youth, and for using the methods of Scouting to achieve the aims of Scouting. A troop may have a chaplain who helps to provide a spiritual element in the unit program, provides spiritual counseling as needed, and encourage Scouts to participate in the religious emblems program.[33]

Youth leadership

JuniorLeaderTraining
Five new graduates of BSA's Junior Leader Training, June 2004

The youth leader of the troop is the senior patrol leader (SPL), elected by the Scouts in the troop.[17] The SPL is responsible for the overall performance of the troop, runs troop meetings and ensures that the program for troop meetings and other activities is carried out and is advised by the Scoutmaster. There may also be one or more assistant senior patrol leaders.[17] Each patrol elects a patrol leader who then appoints an assistant patrol leader and other positions within the patrol. Together, the senior patrol leader, assistant senior patrol leader, and patrol leaders make up the patrol leaders council (PLC), the group of Scouts that is responsible for developing the troop's program with the advice of the Scoutmaster.

There are other youth positions of responsibility in a troop; the use of these positions is dependent on the size of the troop and the program.[17] The junior assistant Scoutmaster (JASM) is a 16- or 17-year-old Scout who performs the same duties as an assistant Scoutmaster; the scribe takes minutes at patrol leaders council meetings and troop meetings and is often responsible for taking attendance and collecting money or dues; the quartermaster maintains the troop's equipment; the librarian maintains the troop library; the chaplain aide works with the troop chaplain and promotes the religious program in the troop; the troop historian maintains photos and records of troop functions, meetings and outings; a den chief works with a den of Cub Scouts, assisting the den leaders and helps retain Cub Scouts when they cross over into Scouts BSA; the troop guide is a senior Scout who provides guidance to new Scout patrols; the Leave No Trace Coordinator ensures the Scouts are trained in and follow Leave No Trace Guidelines; the Order of the Arrow representative provides a line of communication between the Order of the Arrow and the troop; the bugler provides music as needed; the instructor teaches Scout skills. These troop positions are appointed by the senior patrol leader with the advice and counsel of the Scoutmaster, except for the Junior Assistant Scoutmaster, who is appointed by the Scoutmaster. Some positions may also be determined by election.

Development

Boy Scout Monument
Boy Scout Memorial in President's Park, Washington, D.C.

The BSA has a defined Youth Leadership Training Continuum to provide a growth path for youth leaders. The Scoutmaster provides Troop Leadership Training (TLT) at the troop level. Youth leaders are encouraged to attend National Youth Leadership Training (NYLT) at the council level and a select few may progress to National Advanced Youth Leadership Experience (NAYLE) at the national level.[34] Those interested in staffing these courses may complete the Youth Staff Development Course (YSDC) at the regional level.

New adult leaders are encouraged to attend training for their position.[35] Completion of such training became mandatory for Scoutmasters in January 2011 and for Assistant Scoutmasters in January 2012. This training provides the essential information they need to provide a safe and successful quality program. Fast Start Training is the introduction for adult leaders new to the Scouts BSA program; it is self paced and provided as a video or online.[36] "This is Scouting" is common online core training for adult leaders in BSA and gives an overview of the Scouting Program.

Youth Protection Training (YPT) covers the BSA policies on preventing child abuse, including types and signs of abuse, how to respond to disclosed abuse and how to report suspected abuse. All Adult leaders are required to complete the Youth Protection Program before becoming registered. YPT re certification is required every two years and may be completed online. At least one person with current YPT certification must be preset on all outings.

Scoutmasters and assistants should then attend Scoutmaster and Assistant Scoutmaster Specific Training and Introduction to Outdoor Leader Skills for further instruction in Scouting and outdoor skills. This completes Basic Leader Training for these positions and the Trained emblem may be worn. The troop committee chairman and members should attend the Troop Committee Challenge for instruction in administering the program.[36] This completes Basic Leader Training for these positions and the Trained emblem may be worn.

Supplemental training modules are designed to provide orientation beyond Basic Leader Training. These shorter training sessions are often provided at the District Roundtable, a monthly meeting of leaders from the district, at a University of Scouting offered by the local councils, and at National Training Conferences held at the Philmont Training Center and the Florida National High Adventure Sea Base.[36]

At least one leader with current Safe Swim Defense training is required for swimming activities. Boating activities require Safety Afloat and CPR training. Climb on Safely training and CPR certification are required for climbing and rappelling events.

Wood Badge is advanced training for leadership skills for adults in the BSA. Wood Badge consists of six days of training (usually presented as two three-day weekends) and an application phase of several months. When training is complete, leaders are recognized with the Wood Badge beads, neckerchief, and woggle. Powder Horn is a high adventure resource course designed to help Scout leaders to safely conduct outdoor activities of a fun and challenging nature, provide an introduction to the resources necessary to successfully lead their youth through a program of high adventure and to understand what is involved in different high adventure disciplines.

References

  1. ^ Boy Scouts of America Youth Application (PDF). Boy Scouts of America. #28-406B. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 28, 2008. Retrieved March 10, 2008.
  2. ^ "Overview of Boy Scouts of America". Boy Scouts of America. 2013.
  3. ^ "What Is Boy Scouting?". Boy Scouts of America. Archived from the original on May 27, 2008. Retrieved May 29, 2008.
  4. ^ News, A. B. C. (October 12, 2017). "Boy Scouts allowing girls into Cub program, but will keep them separate". ABC News. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  5. ^ "Boy Scouts Changing Name To 'Scouts BSA', As Girls Welcomed into Program". NPR.
  6. ^ The Charities Americans Like Most And Least, The Chronicle of Philanthropy, December 13, 1996
  7. ^ USA Today, December 20, 1994, "Charity begins with health", FINAL 01D
  8. ^ "Scouting: An Educational System". World Organization of the Scout Movement. 1998. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved July 10, 2006., p. 9
  9. ^ "2005 National Scout Jambore". Boy Scouts of America. Retrieved June 25, 2008.
  10. ^ "What Is Boy Scouting?". BSA Fact Sheet. Boy Scouts of America. Archived from the original on May 27, 2008. Retrieved February 27, 2006.
  11. ^ "The Origin of the Left Hand Shake". ScoutXing.com. Archived from the original on August 7, 2007. Retrieved February 14, 2007.
  12. ^ "The Left-Hand Handshake". The Scouting Pages. Retrieved February 14, 2007.
  13. ^ Baden-Powell, Robert. "Lessons From The Varsity of Life". Archived from the original on December 2, 2006. Retrieved February 17, 2007.
  14. ^ The Boy Scout Handbook (11th ed.). Irving, Texas: Boy Scouts of America. 1998. pp. 7, 9. ISBN 0-8395-3105-2.
  15. ^ Peterson, Robert (2002). "From Doughboy Duds to Oscar de la Renta". Scouting. Boy Scouts of America. Retrieved January 12, 2006.
  16. ^ "Boy Scout/Varsity Scout Uniform Inspection Sheet" (PDF). Boy Scouts of America. 2000. #34283. Retrieved December 20, 2006.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h "Boy Scouts of America Organization". Boyscouttrail.com. Retrieved February 17, 2007.
  18. ^ "The Patrol System". World Organization of the Scout Movement. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved February 14, 2007.
  19. ^ "Scouting Terms and Style". The Language of Scouting. Boy Scouts of America. Retrieved March 17, 2006.
  20. ^ "BSA Fact Sheet: What Is the Lone Scout Plan?". Boy Scouts of America. Archived from the original on March 13, 2008. Retrieved February 7, 2006.
  21. ^ Davis, Ken (2000). Brotherhood of Cheerful Service: A History of the Order of the Arrow (3rd ed.). Boy Scouts of America.
  22. ^ Block, Nelson (2000). A Thing of the Spirit, The Life of E. Urner Goodman. Boy Scouts of America.
  23. ^ "Boy Scout Joining Requirements". U.S. Scouting Service Project. Retrieved December 2, 2008.
  24. ^ "Tenderfoot Rank Requirements". U.S. Scouting Service Project. Retrieved February 21, 2008.
  25. ^ "Second Class Rank Requirements". U.S. Scouting Service Project. Retrieved February 21, 2008.
  26. ^ "First Class Rank Requirements". U.S. Scouting Service Project. Retrieved February 25, 2008.
  27. ^ "Star Rank Requirements". U.S. Scouting Service Project. Retrieved December 2, 2008.
  28. ^ "Life Rank Requirements". U.S. Scouting Service Project. Retrieved December 2, 2008.
  29. ^ "Eagle Rank Requirements". U.S. Scouting Service Project. Retrieved May 29, 2009.
  30. ^ Scoutmaster Handbook. Irving, Texas: Boy Scouts of America. 1998. p. 119.
  31. ^ "Boy Scout Awards". Boy Scout Trail. Retrieved February 14, 2007.
  32. ^ "National Court of Honor – Lifesaving and Meritorious Awards". U.S. Scouting Service Project. Retrieved April 28, 2008.
  33. ^ "Manual for Chaplain Aides and Chaplains". Boy Scouts of America. 2008. Retrieved June 25, 2008.
  34. ^ "The Youth Leadership Training Continuum: A Guide for Scout Leaders and Parents". Boy Scouts of America. Retrieved March 22, 2007.
  35. ^ "Every Boy Deserves a Trained Leader". Boy Scouts of America. Retrieved March 8, 2006.
  36. ^ a b c "BSA Online Learning Center". Boy Scouts of America. Retrieved April 12, 2006.

Further reading

  • Ray, Mark A. (2003). The Scoutmaster's Other Handbook. Ray Publishing. ISBN 0-9651207-3-2.
  • Reed, Jeremy C.; Reed, Heather R. (2011). Beginning Boy Scouts: An unofficial practical guide to Boy Scouting for parents and new leaders. Reed Media Services. ISBN 978-1-937516-01-7.

External links

Black Mountain Ranch, San Diego

Black Mountain Ranch is a suburban community in the northeastern part of the city of San Diego, California. Black Mountain Ranch encompasses 5,100 acres (21 km2) and is located north of Rancho Peñasquitos and Torrey Highlands, south of the Santa Fe Valley, east of Fairbanks Ranch and Rancho Santa Fe, and west of 4S Ranch.

The development of Black Mountain Ranch took over 17 years to complete and was led by Fred Maas, a local San Diego businessman with a background in politics and sustainable building practices.

Black Mountain Ranch primarily consists of two separate housing developments known as Santaluz and Del Sur. Santaluz is the area in the southern half of Black Mountain Ranch while Del Sur comprises the northern half.

Primary access to the community is via Camino Del Sur (from State Highway 56 via Interstates 5 or 15), Carmel Valley Road, San Dieguito Road (from Rancho Santa Fe) and Camino Del Norte (from Interstate 15).

Currently, a city park, South Village Neighborhood Park, is open near Willow Grove elementary school off Camino del Sur. There is also the Black Mountain Ranch Open Space Park off Carmel Valley Road, east of Camino del Sur.

The area is served by Poway Unified School District (PUSD) and includes Del Sur Elementary School (opened 2008), Willow Grove Elementary and Del Norte High (opened 2009).

The nearest shopping areas are 4S Ranch (Ralph's, Bed Bath and Beyond, etc.) to the north and Carmel Mountain Ranch (Vons) to the east and Torrey Highlands (Vons) to the south. Del Sur Town Center opened in October 2015 with Target as an anchor. Several other businesses and restaurants, including Sprouts Market and Burger Lounge, are currently open or under construction.

The area is part of San Diego City Council District 5, served by Mark Kersey.

Boy Scouts of America

The Boy Scouts of America (BSA) is one of the largest Scouting organizations and youth organizations in the United States, with about 2.4 million youth participants and about one million adult volunteers. The BSA was founded in 1910, and since then, about 110 million Americans have been participants in BSA programs at some time. The BSA is part of the international Scout Movement and became a founding member organization of the World Organization of the Scout Movement in 1922.

The mission of the Boy Scouts of America is to prepare young people to make ethical and moral choices over their lifetimes by instilling in them the values of the Scout Oath and Law. Youth are trained in responsible citizenship, character development, and self-reliance through participation in a wide range of outdoor activities, educational programs, and, at older age levels, career-oriented programs in partnership with community organizations. For younger members, the Scout method is part of the program to instill typical Scouting values such as trustworthiness, good citizenship, and outdoors skills, through a variety of activities such as camping, aquatics, and hiking. To further these outdoor activities, the BSA has four high-adventure bases: Northern Tier (Minnesota, Manitoba, and Ontario), Philmont Scout Ranch (New Mexico), Sea Base (Florida), and Summit Bechtel Reserve (West Virginia), as well as close to a hundred separate camps and reservations specifically dedicated to scouts.

The traditional Scouting divisions are Cub Scouting for boys and girls ages 5 to 11 years, Scouts BSA for boys and girls ages 11 to 17, and Venturing for young men and women ages 14 (or 13 and having completed the 8th grade) through 21. Learning for Life is a non-traditional affiliate that provides in-school and career education. On February 1, 2019, the Boy Scouts of America officially renamed their flagship program, Boy Scouting, to Scouts BSA to reflect their change of policy to allow girls to join (in sex-segregated troops).The BSA operates traditional Scouting by chartering local organizations, such as churches, clubs, civic associations, or educational organization, to implement the Scouting program for youth within their communities. Units are led entirely by volunteers appointed by the chartering organization, who are supported by local councils using both paid professional Scouters and volunteers.

Cub Scouting (Boy Scouts of America)

Cub Scouting is part of the Scouting program of the Boy Scouts of America (BSA), available to boys and girls from kindergarten through fifth grade, or 5 to 10 years of age and their families. Its membership is the largest of the five main BSA divisions (Cub Scouting, Scouts BSA, Venturing, Exploring and Sea Scouts). Cub Scouting is part of the worldwide Scouting movement and aims to promote character development, citizenship training, personal fitness, and leadership.

Eagle Scout (Boy Scouts of America)

Eagle Scout is the highest achievement or rank attainable in the Scouts BSA program of the Boy Scouts of America (BSA). The designation "Eagle Scout" was founded over one hundred years ago. Only four percent of Boy Scouts are granted this rank after a lengthy review process. The requirements necessary to achieve this rank take years to fulfill. Since its founding, the Eagle Scout rank has been earned by almost 2.5 million young men.Requirements include earning at least 21 merit badges. The Eagle Scout must demonstrate Scout Spirit, an ideal attitude based upon the Scout Oath and Law, service, and leadership. This includes an extensive service project that the Scout plans, organizes, leads, and manages. Eagle Scouts are presented with a medal and a badge that visibly recognizes the accomplishments of the Scout. Additional recognition can be earned through Eagle Palms, awarded for completing additional tenure, leadership, and merit badge requirements.

Minsi Trails Council

Minsi Trails Council is a council of the Boy Scouts of America that serves Scouts of eastern Pennsylvania's Lehigh Valley and Pocono regions as well as parts of western New Jersey. The council serves six counties: Lehigh, Northampton, Monroe, Carbon, Luzerne, and Warren counties.

Minsi Trails Council serves nearly 10,000 youth through the leadership of 5,000 adult volunteers.The council was formed in 1969, after the merger of the Bethlehem Area Council, Delaware Valley Area Council, and Lehigh Council. The council consists of six districts and maintains two camping properties: Camp Minsi in Pocono Summit, PA and Trexler Scout Reservation in Jonas, PA. Combined, these camps serve more than 4,000 campers annually.

Nashua Valley Council

The Nashua Valley Council is a Boy Scouts of America council serving Cub Scout packs, Scouts BSA troops, and Venturing crews in north central Massachusetts with administrative support, program resources, activities, events, and camping properties. The council was formed in 1965 from the merger of the Wachusett Council and the Fitchburg Area Council. On May 30, 2018, the Nashua Valley Council annual meeting approved a proposal to merge with Mohegan Council. The Mohegan Council annual meeting approved this proposal on May 31, 2018.

National Boatswain

The National Boatswain is the leading youth member of Sea Scouting program of the Boy Scouts of America. The National Boatswain is a member of the National Sea Scout Committee, the and the Boy Scouts of America Executive Board.

National Flagship

The Sea Scouts BSA National Flagship program was created in conjunction with the Boat Owners Association of the United States. The National Flagship is presented in recognition of excellence in program quality, youth achievement, and adult commitment.

The National Flagship is recognized by receipt of the national Flagship Trophy, a National Flagship Flag emblazoned with four national stars, and the designated shoulder patch for members of the unit. The National Flagship is accompanied by the National Flagship Fleet which recognizes runners-up for the award.

Quartermaster Award (Boy Scouts of America)

The Quartermaster Award is the highest rank attainable in the Sea Scouting program of the Boy Scouts of America.

Rancho Bernardo, San Diego

Rancho Bernardo is a master-planned community in the northern hills of the city of San Diego, California.

Rancho Peñasquitos, San Diego

Rancho Peñasquitos is a suburban community in the northeastern part of the city of San Diego, California. It is named after the first Mexican land grant in the county, Rancho Santa Maria de Los Peñasquitos. Peñasquitos means "little cliffs" in Spanish. It abuts Los Peñasquitos Canyon Preserve, an open space preserve that offers hiking, biking, and equestrian trails. The community is commonly abbreviated "PQ."

The population of PQ is approximately 60,000. it is located in ZIP code 92129. The telephone area code is 858.

Scouting/USA

Scouting/USA was a "communicative name" chosen by the Boy Scouts of America in 1971 in an effort to rebrand itself. The Scouting/USA symbol was unveiled at its biennial National Council meeting. The organization retained the name Boy Scouts of America as its legal name, but planned to use the new name on literature, billboards, insignia, business cards and stationery and for most other promotional material. They abandoned this effort by 1980.

Scouting in Alabama

Scouting in Alabama has a long history, from the 1910s to the present day, serving thousands of youth in programs that suit the environment in which they live.

Scouting in Puerto Rico

Scouting in Puerto Rico has a long history, from the 1920s to the present day, serving both boys and girls. Troops, Venturing Crews and Sea Scouting units are part of the Boy Scouts of America, for both boys and girls, or the Girl Scouts of the USA, for girls. Several campsites are owned and maintained by these organizations.

Sea Scouting (Boy Scouts of America)

Sea Scouting is a program of the Boy Scouts of America for young men and women ages 14 to 20. Along with Cub Scouting, Scouts BSA, and Venturing, Sea Scouting provides a program for religious, fraternal, educational, and other community organizations to use for character, citizenship, and mental and personal fitness training for youth. As part of this training, Sea Scouts are expected to develop personal religious values, learn the principles of American heritage and government, and acquire skills that will prepare them to become successful adults.

Sea Scouting is the BSA's implementation of the Sea Scout program, initially developed in 1910 by Warington Baden-Powell in England. The founders of Sea Scouting in the United States are Arthur A. Carey of Waltham, Massachusetts, and Charles T. Longstreth of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Both leaders independently established Sea Scout groups in the summer of 1912. This accomplishment was recorded in the inaugural issue of Scouting.

The advancement scheme for Sea Scouts places an initial emphasis on nautical skills before encouraging the youth to take a major role in planning activities in the unit. Young men and women who are willing to abide by the requirements of BSA membership, including agreeing to live by the ideals expressed in the Sea Promise, Scout Oath, and Scout Law are eligible to join a Sea Scouting ship. Ships are administered by volunteers with the assistance and support of some paid professional staff.

As of 2016, Sea Scouting is currently its own independent program within the BSA. From 1998 to 2016, it had been part of Venturing, and prior to that part of Exploring.

Seabadge

Seabadge is the advanced leadership and management course for adult leaders of the Boy Scouts of America's Sea Scouting program.

Simon Kenton Council

The Simon Kenton Council (#441) is a Boy Scouts of America council created in 1994 that serves members of the Cub Scouts, Scouts BSA, Venturing, Exploring and in-school programs in central and southern Ohio, and northern Kentucky. The council is divided into ten districts with headquarters in Columbus, Ohio and additional service centers located in Chillicothe and Portsmouth, Ohio. Simon Kenton Council is part of Area 4 of the Central Region, and is named in honor of frontiersman Simon Kenton.

Uniform and insignia of the Boy Scouts of America

The uniform and insignia of the Boy Scouts of America (BSA) gives a Scout visibility and creates a level of identity within both the unit and the community. The uniform is used to promote equality while showing individual achievement. While all uniforms are similar in basic design, they do vary in color and detail to identify the different membership divisions of Cub Scouting, Scouts BSA and Venturing. Many people collect BSA insignia such as camporee and jamboree emblems, council shoulder strips and historical badges.

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