The Scots Guards (SG), is one of the Foot Guards regiments of the British Army. Their origins lie in the personal bodyguard of King Charles I of England and Scotland. Its lineage can be traced back to 1642, although it was only placed on the English Establishment (thus becoming part of what is now the British Army) in 1686. It is the oldest formed Regiment in the Regular Army, more so than any other in the Household Brigade. 
|The Scots Guards|
Regimental badge of the Scots Guards
|Country|| Kingdom of Scotland|
Kingdom of England
Kingdom of Great Britain (1707–1800)
|Role||1st Battalion Scots Guards – Mechanized Infantry|
F Company – Public Duties
|Size||One battalion |
|Garrison/HQ||RHQ – London|
1st Battalion – Aldershot - Moving to Catterick
F Company – London
|Nickname(s)||The Kiddies; Jock Guards|
|Motto(s)||"Nemo Me Impune Lacessit"|
"No one assails me with impunity"
|March||Quick – Highland Laddie|
Slow – The Garb of Old Gaul
|Anniversaries||St Andrew's Day |
Battle of Mount Tumbledown
|Prince Edward, Duke of Kent KG, GCMG, GCVO|
Tactical Recognition Flash
|Tartan||Royal Stewart (pipers kilts, trews and plaids)|
The regiment now known as the Scots Guards traces its origins to the Marquis of Argyll's Royal Regiment, a unit raised in 1642 by Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll in response to the 1641 Irish Rebellion. After the Restoration of Charles II, the Earl of Linlithgow received a commission dated 23 November 1660 to raise a regiment which was called The Scottish Regiment of Footguards.
It was used in the Covenanter risings of 1679, with James Douglas taking over from Linlithgow as Colonel in 1684. The regiment helped suppress Argyll's Rising in June 1685, and expanded to two battalions. After the November 1688 Glorious Revolution, the first battalion was sent to Flanders; the second served in Ireland under Colonel Douglas and fought at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690, before joining the First in 1691. George Ramsay became Colonel when Douglas died of disease in July 1691; during the 1688-1697 Nine Years War, elements of the regiment were present at the battles of Steenkerque, Landen, or Neerwinden and the recapture of Namur in 1695. After the Treaty of Ryswick in 1697, the regiment returned to England, then back to Scotland in 1699.
When the War of the Spanish Succession began in 1702, Ramsay was appointed Commander-in-Chief, Scotland and the regiment spent most of the war on garrison duties at home; he died in 1705, but political disputes meant the Marquess of Lothian became Colonel only in 1707. The First Battalion was sent to Spain in 1709 and fought at Almenar and Saragossa in Spain; it was forced to surrender with the rest of the British expeditionary force when surrounded at Brihuega in December 1710. It was retitled The Third Regiment of Foot Guards in 1712 and moved from Edinburgh to London; it did not return to Scotland for another 100 years.
Both battalions remained in England during the 1715 Jacobite Rising and next saw active service during the 1740-1748 War of the Austrian Succession. The First Battalion was at Dettingen in 1743 and Fontenoy in April 1745, a British defeat famous for the Gardes françaises and Grenadier Guards inviting each other to fire first. The two battalions were in London during the 1745 Jacobite Rising; a famous engraving by William Hogarth shows them taking up defensive positions in North London. However, the Jacobite army turned back at Derby and they took no part in its suppression; in July 1747, the Second Battalion was sent to Flanders, where it fought at Lauffeld, before the war ended with the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle.
In the absence of a modern police force, the military was often used for crowd control; in 'Memoirs of a Georgian Rake,' William Hickey describes a detachment from the 'Third Regiment of Guards, principally Scotchmen' dispersing a crowd attempting to release the radical politician, John Wilkes from prison in 1768.
In April 1809 the 1st Battalion made their way to the Iberian Peninsula where they were to take part in the Peninsular War in Portugal and Spain. On 12 May 1809, the 1st Battalion took part in the crossing of the River Douro, an operation that ended so successfully that the French Army were in full retreat to Amarante after the actions in Oporto and its surrounding areas. In late July 1809 the regiment took part in the Battle of Talavera, one of the bloodiest and most bitter of engagements during the war.
The 2nd Battalion's flank companies took part in the disastrous Walcheren Campaign in the Low Countries. The 1st Battalion went on to take part in the Battle of Fuentes de Oñoro in May 1811, the Battle of Salamanca in July 1812, the Siege of San Sebastián in Summer 1813 and the Battle of the Nive in December 1813.
At the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815, the Scots Guards were positioned on the ridge just behind Hougoumont, while the light companies of the two battalions, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel James Macdonnell, garrisoned the Farm, a place on the right flank of the British and Allied army that would be a key position during the battle.
The 1st Battalion, part of the 1st (Guards) Brigade of the 1st Division, was part of the British Expeditionary Force which arrived in France in 1914. The Battalion took part in the Battle of Mons in August 1914, the First Battle of the Marne in September 1914 and the Battle of the Aisne also in September 1914. The 1st and 2nd Battalions then took part in the First Battle of Ypres in November 1914, the Battle of Aubers Ridge in May 1915 and the Battle of Loos in September 1915. In July 1916 the Scots Guards took part in the first Battle of the Somme and in July 1917, the regiment began its involvement in the Battle of Passchendaele. In March 1918 they fought at the second Battle of the Somme and in Autumn the regiment took part in the final battles of the war on the Western Front.
In April 1940, the 1st Battalion, as part of the 24th Guards Brigade, took part in its first campaign of the war, during the expedition to Norway. In North Africa, as part of the 22nd Guards Brigade, the 2nd Battalion took part in fighting against the Italians in Egypt followed by tough fighting in Libya, then also controlled by Italy. In North Africa, in March 1943, the 2nd Battalion took part in the defensive Battle of Medenine, after the Germans had counter-attacked the Allies.
In September 1943, the 2nd Battalion, as part of the 201st Guards Brigade of the 56th (London) Division, took part in the Landing at Salerno. In December 1943, the 1st Battalion, as part of 24th Guards Brigade, arrived in the Italian Theatre. At the Battle of Monte Cassino in early 1944, the 2nd Battalion suffered heavy casualties in tough fighting.
The 1st Battalion, as part of its brigade, joined the 6th South African Armoured Division in May 1944. The regiment took part in many fierce engagements throughout 1944, including those against the Gothic Line, a formidable defensive line.
The 2nd Battalion was once more involved in war when it deployed to Malaya during the Malayan Emergency. Then in late 1951, the 1st Battalion was deployed to Cyprus and in February 1952, the battalion deployed to the Suez Canal Zone, Egypt. Both the 1st and 2nd Battalion deployed to Northern Ireland during the Troubles in the early 1970s.
During the Falklands War in 1982 the main force of the Scots Guards began its advance on the western side of Mount Tumbledown. During the course of the battle in the early hours of 14 June 1982, men of the 2nd Battalion 'wearing berets instead of helmets' launched a bayonet charge on the stout Argentinian defenders which resulted in bitter and bloody fighting, and was one of the last bayonet charges by the British Army.
In 2004 the 1st Battalion deployed to Iraq on a 6-month posting as part of 4th Armoured Brigade. The 4th Brigade relieved 1st Mechanised Brigade, and joined the Multi-National Division (South East), which was under UK command.
In October 2018, the 1st Battalion deployed to Akrotiri and Dhekelia as part of Operation Tosca. By the end of 2019 the 1st Battalion will move back to Catterick and form as part of the Strike Brigade as part of the Army 2020 reforms.
The Scots Guards and other Guards regiments have a long-standing connection to the Parachute Regiment. Guardsman who have completed the P company selection course are transferred into the Guards Parachute Platoon, who are currently attached to 3 PARA. This continues the lineage of the No. 1 (Guards) Independent Parachute Company, who were the original Pathfinder Group of 16th Parachute Brigade.
The regiment consists of a single operational battalion, which was based in Catterick between 2008 and 2015, thereafter moving to Aldershot in the armoured infantry role. As part of Army 2020 the battalion moves back to Catterick. The 1st Battalion Scots Guards has five operational companies: three mechanized companies (Right Flank, C Company and Left Flank), one Support Weapons company (B Company) and one headquarters and logistics company (HQ Company). Since 1993, F Company, permanently based in Wellington Barracks, London on public duties, has been the custodian of the colours and traditions of the 2nd Battalion, which was placed in permanent suspended animation in 1993 as a result of Options for Change. 1st Battalion will be equipped with Mastiff Vehicles (and later the Mechanised Infantry Vehicle (MIV)) under Army 2020 Refine and be under the first Strike Brigade. The 1st Battalion will not conduct public ceremonial duties unlike the other guards regiments.
Recruits to the Guards Division go through a thirty-week gruelling training programme at the Infantry Training Centre (ITC). The training is two weeks more than the training for the Regular line infantry regiments of the British Army; the extra training, carried out throughout the course, is devoted to drill and ceremonies.
Regimental colonels have included:
The battle honours of the Scots Guards are as follows:
|Infantry Order of Precedence||Succeeded by|
Arthur Patrick Avondale Stuart, 8th Earl Castle Stewart (born 18 August 1928), styled Viscount Stuart from 1944 to 1961, is a nobleman in the Peerage of Ireland.
The third son of Arthur Stuart, 7th Earl Castle Stewart and his wife Eleanor May Guggenheim, daughter of Solomon Guggenheim, he became his father's heir apparent after the death of his two elder brothers in World War II. He was educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge, taking a BA from the latter in 1950. He was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Scots Guards on 1 January 1949 and was promoted to lieutenant on 31 May.In 1952, he married Edna Fowler (d. 2003), by whom he has one son and one daughter:
Andrew Richard Charles Stuart, Viscount Stuart (b. 1953), married Annie Yvette le Poulain in 1973, divorced in 2002, and has one daughter
Lady Bridget Ann Stuart (b. 1957), married Robert William Wadey in 1990 and has one daughterIn 2004, he married Gillian (née Savill) DL, Deputy Lieutenant of Tyrone.
Stuart succeeded his father in the earldom in 1961.From 1967 to 1997, he was vice-president of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, and served on the advisory board of the Peggy Guggenheim Collection as vice-president from 1980 to 2011 and president from 2011 to 2013. Castle Stewart was a trustee of The Christian Community in the UK from 1973 to 2001. He is a fellow of the Chartered Management Institute. From 2000 until 2007, he was chairman of the Foundation for International Security.Band of the Scots Guards
The Band of the Scots Guards is one of five bands in the Foot Guards Regiments in the Household Division which primarily guards the British monarch.
The band is based at Wellington Barracks in St James's, London, which is the same place as for all the foot guards bands.Ben Wallace (politician)
Robert Ben Lobban Wallace PC (born 15 May 1970) is a British Conservative Party politician. He has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Wyre and Preston North since the 2010 general election, having been the MP for Lancaster and Wyre from 2005 to 2010.Charles Cathcart, 7th Earl Cathcart
Charles Alan Andrew Cathcart, the 7th Earl Cathcart (born 30 November 1952), styled Lord Greenock until 1999, is a British peer and Conservative member of the House of Lords and Chief of the Name and Arms of Clan Cathcart.Lord Cathcart was educated at Eton, was a member of the Scots Guards, and an Associate Member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants. He succeeded to the title Earl Cathcart upon the death of his father, Alan Cathcart, 6th Earl Cathcart, in 1999. In 2007 he was elected as one of the 92 remaining hereditary peers, replacing Charles Stourton, 26th Baron Mowbray.Charles Mills (Uxbridge MP)
Charles Thomas Mills (13 March 1887 – 6 October 1915) was Conservative MP for the Uxbridge Division of Middlesex elected in 1910. He was the "Baby of the House", the youngest Member of Parliament.Duncan Mackinnon
Duncan Mackinnon (29 September 1887 – 9 October 1917) was a British rower who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics. He was killed in action during the First World War.
Mackinnon was born in Paddington, London, and was educated at Rugby School and Magdalen College, Oxford. He rowed for his college and the Magdalen College Coxless four won the Stewards' Challenge Cup and the Visitors' Challenge Cup at Henley Royal Regatta in 1907 and 1908. The Magdalen crew was chosen to represent Great Britain rowing at the 1908 Summer Olympics, and Mackinnon was in the four with Collier Cudmore, John Somers-Smith and James Angus Gillan. The crew won the gold medal for Great Britain and defeated a Leander crew. Subsequently, Mackinnon rowed for the winning Oxford crews in the Boat Race in 1909, 1910 and 1911. Mackinnon was also in the winning crew in the Grand Challenge Cup twice and in the Wyfold Challenge Cup once, losing only two races in all his Henley appearances.
After Oxford, Mackinnon became a partner in the family business in Calcutta. He returned to England on the outbreak of World War I and was commissioned into the Royal North Devon Hussars. He transferred to the Scots Guards and serving with them as a lieutenant he was killed in action at Ypres in the Battle of Passchendaele, aged 30. His remains were not recovered and his name is recorded on the Tyne Cot Memorial nearby.Mackinnon left a legacy of £80,000 to establish scholarships at Magdalen College which became effective by reversion in 1938.Francis Vane
Sir Francis Patrick Fletcher-Vane, 5th Baronet (16 October 1861, Dublin – 10 June 1934, London) was a British military officer who helped expose the murder of several innocent civilians by an officer under his command during the 1916 Easter Rising. He was also an early aide of Robert Baden-Powell's and a Scout Commissioner of London before Baden-Powell ousted him from his Baden-Powell Boy Scouts organisation. He later founded the Order of World Scouts, the earliest multinational scouting organisation, and is counted one of the founders of scouting in Italy.
Sir Francis was commemorated on a postage stamp in Ireland for his part in exposing the murder of the pacifist Francis Sheehy-Skeffington, and other innocent civilians, during the Easter Rising.Frank Mann (cricketer)
Francis Thomas "Frank" Mann (3 March 1888 – 6 October 1964) was an English cricketer. He played for the Malvern XI, Cambridge University, Middlesex and England. Mann captained England on the 1922–23 tour of South Africa, winning the five match series 2–1.
Mann was born in Winchmore Hill, Middlesex. During World War I he was an officer of the Scots Guards and was three times wounded and three times mentioned in dispatches. He died, aged 76, in Milton Lilbourne, Wiltshire.
His son, George Mann, also captained Middlesex County Cricket Club and England, making them the first father and son to have each captained Middlesex and, moreover, the first to have each captained England, at cricket. Simon Mann, the security expert and mercenary, is his grandson.Frederick Forestier-Walker
General Sir Frederick William Edward Forestier-Walker, (17 April 1844 – 30 August 1910) was a British senior military officer and Governor of Gibraltar.George Evans (VC)
George Evans VC (16 February 1876 – 28 September 1937) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Evans first joined the Scots Guards in March 1894, and served during the Second Boer War. He left the Army in August 1902, to work for the NSPCC, and rejoined in January 1915. When he was 40 years old, and a Company Sergeant-Major in the 18th Battalion (3rd Manchester Pals), The Manchester Regiment of the British Army during the First World War, Evans was awarded the Victoria Cross for his deeds on 30 July 1916 during the Battle of the Somme at Guillemont, France:
Company Sergeant-Major Evans volunteered to take back an important message after five runners had been killed in attempting to do so. He had to cover about 700 yards, the whole of which was under observation from the enemy. He succeeded in delivering the message in spite of being wounded, and then rejoined his company despite having been advised to go to the dressing station. The return journey had again meant facing 700 yards of severe rifle and machine-gun fire, but by dodging from shell-hole to shell-hole he managed it.Evans was captured following his VC action, and spent the rest of the war as a POW. His Victoria Cross, gazetted in January 1920, was the last to be gazetted for the First World War.
He died on 28 September 1937 and was buried in Elmers End Cemetery, Beckenham.His VC is held at the Imperial War Museum in London.Guards Division
The Guards Division is an administrative unit of the British Army responsible for the administration of the regiments of Foot Guards and the London Regiment. The Guards Division is responsible for providing two battalions for public duties to London District (plus three incremental companies); although the guards are most associated with ceremony, they are nevertheless operational infantry battalions, and as such perform all the various roles of infantry.Guildford pub bombings
The Guildford pub bombings occurred on 5 October 1974 when a subgroup of the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) detonated two 6-pound gelignite bombs at two pubs in Guildford, Surrey, England. The pubs were targeted because they were popular with British Army personnel stationed at Pirbright barracks. Four soldiers and one civilian were killed. Sixty-five people were wounded.
The bomb in the Horse and Groom detonated at 8:30 pm. It killed Paul Craig (a 22-year-old plasterer), two members of the Scots Guards and two members of the Women's Royal Army Corps. The Seven Stars was evacuated after the first blast causing no serious injuries when the second bomb exploded at 9:00 pm.
These attacks were the first in a year-long campaign by an IRA Active Service Unit who became known as the Balcombe Street Gang – who Police arrested in December 1975 after the Balcombe Street siege leading to their trial and conviction for other murders and offences. A similar bomb to those used in Guildford, with the addition of shrapnel, was thrown into the Kings Arms pub in Woolwich on 7 November 1974. Gunner Richard Dunne and Alan Horsley, a sales clerk, died in that explosion. On August 27, 1975 the same IRA unit detonated a bomb in Surrey at the Caterham Arms pub which injured over 30 people, Surrey police said it was "a carbon copy of the Guildford bombs". The bombings contributed to the speedy and unchallenged passing of the Prevention of Terrorism Acts in November 1974, which were then misused by the Metropolitan Police to force false confessions from the "Guildford Four".History of the Scots Guards (1914–1945)
This article details the history of the Scots Guards from 1914 to 1945. The Scots Guards (SG) is a regiment of the Guards Division of the British Army. The Scots Guards trace their origins back to 1642 when, by order of King Charles I, the regiment was raised by Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll for service in Ireland, and was known as the Marquis of Argyll's Royal Regiment.History of the Scots Guards (1946–present)
The Scots Guards are a regiment of the British Army. The regiment cherishes its traditions, especially on the parade ground where the scarlet uniform and bearskin have become synonymous with the regiment and the other Guards regiments. The regiment takes part in numerous events, most notably the Beating Retreat, Changing of the Guard, Queen's Birthday Parade, Remembrance Sunday and State Visits. The Guards' regiments ceremonial uniforms differ from each other only slightly, the differentiations being in the tunic and the type of plume on the bearskin, if any, they have. The Scots Guards uniform consists of tunic buttons in threes, the Order of the Thistle on the shoulder badge, the Thistle on the collar badge and no plume on the bearskin.John Clitherow
Major-General John Clitherow (13 December 1782 – 14 October 1852) was an army officer, politician and was briefly Lieutenant Governor of Canada West and Canada East (1841).
He was born at Essendon, Hertfordshire, England in 1782. John Clitherow enlisted in the British Army in 1799 and served in the Egyptian campaign of 1801 and in the Peninsular War among other assignments. He arrived in British North America in 1838 as commander of Montreal following the Lower Canada Rebellion. He married Miss Christie-Burton, granddaughter of General Gabriel Christie, of Montreal.
He served as an advisor to Lord Durham as a member of the Special Council that administered Lower Canada following the rebellion.
When the second rebellion broke out Clitherow commanded 3,000 regulars that marched on rebel headquarters. He also presided over courts martial that prosecuted the rebels.
In 1841, he was transferred to Canada West to command British forces there and was made governor by Lord Sydenham. Upon becoming governor, he was succeeded as commander of the British forces by Richard Armstrong. He prorogued the first session of the first parliament of the Province of Canada when Sydenham died and remained acting Governor for six days until the appointment of Sir Richard Downes Jackson as administrator. Clitherow left Canada and died at Boston House in Brentford, England in 1852.Leo Docherty
Leo Docherty (born 1976) is a British Conservative Party politician. He has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Aldershot since June 2017. Prior to being elected as an MP he served in the Scots Guards, before worked in publishing and for the Conservative Party. He is the author of Desert of Death (2007).Michael Gow (British Army officer)
General Sir (James) Michael Gow (3 June 1924 – 26 March 2013) was a senior British Army officer who served in the Second World War and reached high office in the 1980s, commanding the British Army of the Rhine.Middlesex Senior Cup
The Middlesex Senior Cup is the most prestigious football cup competition in the historic county of Middlesex, England. The competition is run mainly for non-League clubs in the region, although league sides have been known to enter the competition, such as Brentford, Barnet and Chelsea. In order to be eligible to play in the Middlesex Senior Cup, clubs have to play at step 5 or above of the National League System.Thomas Coke, 8th Earl of Leicester
Thomas Edward Coke, 8th Earl of Leicester (born 6 July 1965), is the son of the late Edward Coke, 7th Earl of Leicester, and Valeria Phyllis Potter. He is the current Earl of Leicester. From 1994 to 2015, when he succeeded into the Earldom, he was styled Viscount Coke.
British infantry regiments World War I
|Territorial Battalions |
|Channel Islands Militia|