Scirus was a comprehensive science-specific search engine, first launched in 2001. Like CiteSeerX and Google Scholar, it was focused on scientific information. Unlike CiteSeerX, Scirus was not only for computer sciences and IT and not all of the results included full text. It also sent its scientific search results to Scopus, an abstract and citation database covering scientific research output globally. Scirus was owned and operated by Elsevier. In 2013 an announcement appeared, on the Scirus homepage, announcing the site's retirement in 2014:
By February 2014, the Scirus homepage indicated that the service was no longer running.
|Disciplines||Life Sciences; Social Sciences; Physical Sciences; Health Sciences|
|No. of records||167 million pages|
ArnetMiner (also AMiner) is a free online service used to index, search, and mine big scientific data.DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences is an open access peer-reviewed medical journal that was established in 1990. It covers all aspects of the pharmaceutical sciences. The editor-in-chief is Mohammad Abdollahi. The journal is published by BioMed Central on behalf of Tehran University of Medical Sciences.Deep web
The deep web, invisible web, or hidden web are parts of the World Wide Web whose contents are not indexed by standard web search engines. The opposite term to the deep web is the surface web, which is accessible to anyone using the Internet. Computer scientist Michael K. Bergman is credited with coining the term deep web in 2001 as a search indexing term.The content of the deep web is hidden behind HTTP forms, and includes many very common uses such as web mail, online banking, and services that users must pay for, and which is protected by a paywall, such as video on demand, some online magazines and newspapers, among others.
The content of the deep web can be located and accessed by a direct URL or IP address, and may require a password or other security access past the public website page.Diponegoro University
Diponegoro University (Hanacaraka: ꦈꦤꦶꦥ꦳ꦼꦂꦱꦶꦠꦱ꧀ꦢꦶꦥꦤꦼꦒꦫ; Indonesian: Universitas Diponegoro, abbreviated as UNDIP) is a public university in Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia. Founded in 1957 as a private university by the Semarang University Foundation, it is a pioneer of higher learning institutions in Indonesia and the first and oldest education corporation in Central Java. It is a member of IDGHE (the so-called Ivy League colleges) in Indonesia. Nationally, Undip is in 6th position in Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education's 2017 ranking and is one of the top 1000 universities in the world by the 2019 QS World University Rankings.Elachista utonella
Elachista utonella is a moth of the family Elachistidae. It is found from Fennoscandia to the Pyrenees and Italy and from Ireland to Romania. Extending east to the Russian Far East and Japan.
The wingspan is 8–9 millimetres (0.31–0.35 in). There is one generation per year in Great Britain, but there are possibly two generations in continental Europe.
The larvae feed on Carex acutiformis, Carex brizoides, Carex distans, Carex disticha, Carex echinata, Carex elata, Carex flacca, Carex hirta, Carex muricata, Carex paniculata, Carex remota, Carex riparia, Carex spicata, Carex vesicaria, Festuca, Juncus gerardii and Scirus sylvaticus. They mine the leaves of their host plant. The mine The mine starts halfway the blade as an upwards running corridor. Later, it reverses its course and becomes an elongate blotch occupying half the width of the leaf. The frass is light green at first but becomes grey later. It is deposited in the lowest part of the mine. Pupation takes place outside of the mine. They are yellowish green to greyish with a black head.Franz Guenthner
Franz Guenthner is a professor of Computational Linguistics at the Center for Information and Language Processing (CIS) at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich, Germany. His background is in philosophy and linguistics.
Guenthner's research interests include computational linguistics, and has collaborated to the development of a number of online search platforms since 1996: AltaVista, Fast Search and Transfer (now purchased by Microsoft), RealNames, JobaNova, Exorbyte, and All The Web. He was a professor of General and Computational Linguistics at the University of Tübingen (1977–1989) before joining the LMU in 1990. His research interests include all areas of text processing and in particular the transformation of textual corpora in lexical and grammatical representations (i.e. computationally deployable electronic dictionaries and local grammars). He was also instrumental in the design and realization of a number of search engines, in particular of the first large-scale scientific search engine on the web www.scirus.com. His present work concerns the use of linguistic techniques in page and link analysis on the web, especially for the construction of vertical search engines.Google Scholar
Google Scholar is a freely accessible web search engine that indexes the full text or metadata of scholarly literature across an array of publishing formats and disciplines. Released in beta in November 2004, the Google Scholar index includes most peer-reviewed online academic journals and books, conference papers, theses and dissertations, preprints, abstracts, technical reports, and other scholarly literature, including court opinions and patents. While Google does not publish the size of Google Scholar's database, scientometric researchers estimated it to contain roughly 389 million documents including articles, citations and patents making it the world's largest academic search engine in January 2018. Previously, the size was estimated at 160 million documents as of May 2014. Earlier statistical estimate published in PLOS ONE using a Mark and recapture method estimated approximately 80–90% coverage of all articles published in English with an estimate of 100 million. This estimate also determined how many documents were freely available on the web.
Google Scholar has been criticized for not vetting journals and including predatory journals in its index.Live Search Academic
Live Search Academic was a Web search engine for scholarly literature that existed from April 2006 to May 2008; it was part of Microsoft's Live Search group of services. It was similar to Google Scholar, but rather than crawling the Internet for academic content, search results came directly from trusted sources, such as publishers of academic journals. Users were required to log in to access the service.
Live Search Academic was known as Windows Live Academic Search when the beta version was officially launched on April 11, 2006. The name had changed to Live Search Academic by December 6, 2006, when Microsoft announced the addition of millions of new articles, mainly in biomedicine.On May 23, 2008, Microsoft announced the end of Live Search Academic and Live Search Books, both sites to be closed, with their results integrated into regular Search. The project scanned 750,000 books and indexed 80 million journal articles.Louisdale, Nova Scotia
Louisdale (pronounced Lewisdale) is a Canadian rural community in Richmond County, Nova Scotia. The community is located on Cape Breton Island at the centre of a French-Acadian region. Founded mainly by families from nearby Petit-de-Grat, its early settlers were primarily of Acadian and, from the early 19th century, Scottish descent. It has 2 schools, park areas, and places to eat catering to tourists and residents.Mexican cottontail
The Mexican cottontail (Sylvilagus cunicularius) is a species of cottontail rabbit in the family Leporidae. It is endemic to Mexico where its natural habitats are temperate forests, subtropical or tropical dry forests and pastureland.Microsoft Academic Search
Microsoft Academic Search was a research project and academic search engine retired in 2012. It relaunched in 2016 as Microsoft Academic.Omnivore
An omnivore () is an animal that has the ability to eat and survive on both plant and animal matter. Obtaining energy and nutrients from plant and animal matter, omnivores digest carbohydrates, protein, fat, and fiber, and metabolize the nutrients and energy of the sources absorbed. Often, they have the ability to incorporate food sources such as algae, fungi, and bacteria into their diet.Omnivores come from diverse backgrounds that often independently evolved sophisticated consumption capabilities. For instance, dogs evolved from primarily carnivorous organisms (Carnivora) while pigs evolved from primarily herbivorous organisms (Artiodactyla). What this means is that physical characteristics are often not reliable indicators of whether an animal has the ability to obtain energy and nutrients from both plant and animal matter. Owing to the wide range of entirely unrelated organisms independently evolving the capability to obtain energy and nutrients from both plant and animal materials, no generalizations about the anatomical features of all omnivores can realistically be made.The variety of different animals that are classified as omnivores can be placed into further categories depending on their feeding behaviors. Frugivores include maned wolves and orangutans; insectivores include swallows and pink fairy armadillos; granivores include large ground finches and humans. (This is due to the average human diet mainly consisting of grains, with rice, maize and wheat comprising two-thirds of human food consumption.)All of these animals are omnivores, yet still fall into special niches in terms of feeding behavior and preferred foods. Being omnivores gives these animals more food security in stressful times or makes possible living in less consistent environments.SLAS Technology
SLAS Technology (Translating Life Sciences Innovation) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening in partnership with SAGE Publications . The editor-in-chief is Edward Kai-Hua Chow, Ph.D. (National University of Singapore). The journal explores ways in which scientists adapt advancements in technology for scientific exploration and experimentation, especially in life sciences research and development. This includes drug-delivery; diagnostics; biomedical and molecular imaging; personalized and precision medicine; high-throughput and other laboratory automation technologies; micro/nanotechnologies; analytical, separation and quantitative techniques; synthetic chemistry and biology; informatics (data analysis, statistics, bio, genomic and chemoinformatics); and more. The journal was published from 1996 through 2016 with the title Journal of Laboratory Automation. Its name changed in 2017 to more accurately reflect the evolution of its editorial scope.Sciritis
Sciritis or Skiritis (Ancient Greek: ἡ Σκιρῖτις) was a rugged and barren mountainous district, in the north of ancient Laconia, between the upper Eurotas on the west and the Oenus on the east, and extending north of the highest ridge of the mountains, which were the natural boundary between Laconia and Arcadia. The name probably expressed the wild and rugged nature of the country, for the word signified hard and rugged (σκίρον, σκεῖρον, σκληρόν, Hesych.). It was bounded by Maenalia on the north, and by Parrhasia on the west, and was originally part of Arcadia, but was conquered at an early period, and its inhabitants reduced to the condition of Lacedaemonian Perioeci. According to Xenophon they were subjected to Sparta even before the time of Lycurgus. They were distinguished above all the other Perioeci for their bravery; and their contingent, called the Σκιρίτης λόχος, 600 in number, usually occupied the extreme left of the Lacedaemonian wing. They were frequently placed in the post of danger, and sometimes remained with the king as a body of reserve. On the first invasion of Laconia by the Thebans the Sciritae, together with the Perioeci of Caryae and Sellasia, revolted from Sparta, in consequence of which their country was subsequently ravaged by the Lacedaemonians. The only towns in the Sciritis appear to have been Scirus and Oeum called Ium by Xenophon. The latter is the only place in the district mentioned in historical times. Scirus may perhaps have been the same as Scirtonium (Σκιρτώνιον), in the district of Aegytis. The road from Sparta to Tegea led through the Sciritis.Scirum
Scirum or Skiron (Ancient Greek: Σκίρον) or Skira (Σκίρα) was a small place in ancient Attica near a torrent of the same name, just outside the Athenian walls on the Sacred Way. It was not a demus, and derived its name from Scirus, a prophet of Dodona, who fell in the battle between the Eleusinii and Erechtheus, and was buried in this spot.Scirum's site is unlocated.Scirus (Arcadia)
Scirus or Skiros (Ancient Greek: Σκίρος) was a town of ancient Arcadia, and later of Laconia in the region of Sciritis, near Mount Maenalus and Parrhasia. Its location is unknown.Sensors (journal)
Sensors is a monthly peer-reviewed, open access, scientific journal that is published by MDPI. It was established in June 2001. The editors-in-chief are Vittorio M.N. Passaro, Assefa M. Melesse, Mohamed F. Younis, W. Rudolf Seitz, and Alexander Star. Sensors covers research on all aspects of sensors and biosensors. The journal publishes original research articles, short notes, review articles, book reviews, product reviews, and announcements related to academia.Systematic Botany
Systematic Botany is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering the study of systematic botany. It is published quarterly by the American Society of Plant Taxonomists. According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2010 impact factor of 1.897.Systematic Botany was established in spring 1976 under founding editor-in-chief William Louis Culberson (Duke University). The current editor-in-chief is James F. Smith (Boise State University).The American Society of Plant Taxonomists also publishes the peer-reviewed taxonomic monograph series, Systematic Botany Monographs since 1980.William F. Grant
William Frederick Grant (born October 20, 1924 – October 6, 2011) was a Canadian plant geneticist, biosystematist, educator, and environmental advocate who developed higher plant species for monitoring and testing for mutagenic effects of environmental pollutants. He has carried out research on the genetics of species of the genus Lotus (Leguminosae) and the forage species Lotus corniculatus (birdsfoot trefoil) developing an innovative procedure for increasing seed production in the legume birdsfoot trefoil.