SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) is a bibliographic database, digital library, and cooperative electronic publishing model of open access journals. SciELO was created to meet the scientific communication needs of developing countries and provides an efficient way to increase visibility and access to scientific literature [2] Originally established in Brazil in 1997, today there are 14 countries in the SciELO network and its journal collections: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Mexico, Peru, Portugal, South Africa, Spain, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Paraguay is developing a journal collection.[3]

SciELO was initially supported by the São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) and the Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), along with the Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information (BIREME). SciELO provides a portal that integrates and provides access to all of the SciELO network sites. Users can search across all SciELO collections or limit by a single country collection, or browse by subject area, publisher, or journal title.

ProducerFAPESP - BIREME (Brazil)
LanguagesEnglish, Portuguese, Spanish
Record depthIndex, abstract & full-text
Format coverageAcademic journal articles
Geospatial coverageLatin America, Iberian Peninsula, South Africa
No. of records573,525[1]

Database and projects

By October 2015 the database contained:

  • 1,249 journals
  • 39,651 issues (journal numbers)
  • 573,525 research articles
  • 13,005,080 citations (sum of the number of items in each article's reference list)

from different countries, universally accessible for free open access, in full-text format.[4] The SciELO Project's stated aims are to "envisage the development of a common methodology for the preparation, storage, dissemination and evaluation of scientific literature in electronic format." All journals are published by a special software suite which implements a scientific electronic virtual library accessed via several mechanisms, including a table of titles in alphabetic and subject list, subject and author indexes and a search engine.


Project's launch timeline:[5]

  • 1997: Beginning of the development of SciELO as a FAPESP supported project in partnership with BIREME.
  • 1998: SciELO goes live.
  • 2002: the CNPq also began its support for SciELO.
  • 2005: Argentina joined as regional collection, project supported by CONICET
  • 200X: Chile joined as regional collection, project supported by CONICYT.
  • 2009: South Africa joined as regional collection, project supported by ASSAf.
  • 2012: the SciELO Books project is launched.
  • 2013: the SciELO Citation Index is integrated into Thomson Reuters' Web of Knowledge (WoS), covering about 650 journals total, 300 more than the 350 already in the WoS.[6]
  • 2017 SciELO announced that they were setting up a preprints server – SciELO Preprints.[7]

Open access

In 2013 the Latin American SciELO project completed 15 years of free publishing.[8] Open access has long emphasized access to scholarly materials. However, open access can also mean access to the means of producing visible and recognized journals. This issue is particularly important in developing and emergent countries,[9] where are other benefits of and challenges for publishing scientific journals in and by emerging countries.[10]


Articles are sent to SciELO by publishers in XML or HTML+SGML, using a variety of article DTDs. The SGML DTD was used until 2013, [11] when SciELO started to offer the Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS) DTD standard for XML deposites.[12] Using to Markup XML a macro in a proprietary desktop application (Microsoft Office Word - DOCX).[13]

In the SciELO portals, received JATS-articles are converted via XSLT to HTML, and "SGML+HTML pack" articles use the HTML content (in general a handmade PDF-to-HTML conversion). This process may reveal errors that are reported back to the publisher for correction. Graphics are also converted to standard formats and sizes. The original and converted forms are archived. The converted form is moved into a relational database, along with associated files for graphics, multimedia, or other associated data. Many publishers also provide PDFs of their articles, and these are made available without change.

Bibliographic citations are (SGML or XML) parsed and automatically linked to the associated articles in SciELO and resources on publishers' Web sites. Unresolvable references, such as to journals or particular articles not yet available at one of these sources, are tracked in the database and automatically come "live" when the resources become available.

An in-house indexing system provides search capability.


In July 2015, Jeffrey Beall, an American librarian, posted an article on his blog referring to the two largest Latin American open access databases (SciELO and Redalyc) as "favelas",[14] which is a derogatory Portuguese term for a slum. Beall stated:

"Many North American scholars have never even heard of these meta-publishers or the journals they aggregate. Their content is largely hidden, the neighborhood remote and unfamiliar."

Among the responses is a motion passed by the Brazilian Forum of Public Health Journals Editors and the Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva (Abrasco, Brazilian Public Health Association).[15] The motion takes exception to Beall's characterization, draws attention to the underlying "ethnocentric prejudice", and corrects factual inaccuracies. As a counterpoint to Beall's "neocolonial point of view", the motion draws attention to work by Vessuri, Guedon and Cetto emphasizing the value of initiatives such as SciELO and Redalyc (also targeted by Beall) to the development of science in Latin America and globally: "In fact, Latin America is using the OA publishing model to a far greater extent than any other region in the world…. Also, because the sense of public mission remains strong among Latin American universities… these current initiatives demonstrate that the region contributes more and more to the global knowledge exchange while positioning research literature as a public good."[16]

See also


  1. ^ "SciELO". Retrieved 19 October 2015.
  2. ^ Packer, Abel (October 2000). "SciELO - a Model for Cooperative Electronic Publishing in Developing Countries". D-Lib Magazine. Vol. 6 no. 10. ISSN 1082-9873.
  3. ^ " - Scientific Electronic Library Online". Retrieved 2015-10-19.
  4. ^ SciELO: SciELO in numbers. Accessed 27 June 2014.
  5. ^ The SciELO 15 Years Conference is a milestone in SciELO’s History. SciELO in Perspective. [viewed 15 February 2014]. Available from
  6. ^ "Thomson Reuters Collaborates with SciELO to Showcase Emerging Research Centers within Web of Knowledge".
  7. ^ "SciELO Preprints on the way | SciELO in Perspective". SciELO in Perspective. 2017-02-22. Retrieved 2017-02-22.
  8. ^ Van Noorden, R. (2013). "Brazil fêtes open-access site". Nature. 502 (7472): 418. Bibcode:2013Natur.502..418V. doi:10.1038/502418a. PMID 24153270.
  9. ^ Packer, Abel L. The SciELO Open Access: A Gold Way from the South. Canadian Journal of Higher Education Vol 39, No 3, 2009, pages 111–126
  10. ^ Meneghini, R. (2012). "Emerging journals". EMBO Reports. 13 (2): 106–108. doi:10.1038/embor.2011.252. PMC 3271339. PMID 22240975.
  11. ^ Packer, Abel L.; Salgado, Eliana; Araujo, Javani; Aquino, Letícia; Almeida, Renata; Santos, Jesner; Lucena, Suely; Soares, Caroline M. (4 April 2014). "Why XML?". SciELO in Perspective.
  12. ^ "Guia de uso de elementos e atributos XML para documentos que seguem a implementação SciELO Publishing Schema. — documentação SciELO Publishing Schema 1.7".
  13. ^ "Markup Program — SciELO PC Programs 4.0.094 documentation".
  14. ^ Jeffrey Beall (30 July 2015). "Is SciELO a Publication Favela?". Scholarly Open Access. Archived from the original on 2016-11-08.
  15. ^ "Motion to repudiate Mr. Jeffrey Beall’s classist attack on SciELO". SciELO in Perspective. 2 August 2015. Viewed 12 October 2015.
  16. ^ Vessuri, H.; Guedon, J.-C.; Cetto, A. M. (2013). "Excellence or quality? Impact of the current competition regime on science and scientific publishing in Latin America and its implications for development". Current Sociology. 62 (5): 647–665. doi:10.1177/0011392113512839.

Further reading

External links

Acta Biológica Colombiana

Acta Biológica Colombiana is a quarterly peer-reviewed open access scientific journal covering all aspects of biology with special emphasis on the Neotropics. It is published by the Science Faculty of the National University of Colombia and was established in 1982. The editor-in-chief is Jhon Charles Donato Rondon. The journal is available online from its homepage and from Redalyc and SciELO.

See information about management and spreading of content in BioNotasUN

Análisis Filosófico

Análisis Filosófico is a peer-reviewed biannual open access academic journal that publishes scholarly articles on theoretical and practical philosophy "in order to contribute to philosophical analysis development." The journal was established in 1981 as the official journal of the Argentine Society of Analytic Philosophy. The first editor-in-chief of Análisis Filosófico was the Argentine philosopher Eduardo Rabossi. It is available online through SciELO and is indexed in the Philosopher's Index.

The journal, albeit being published in Argentina, is open to contributions from other countries.


Atenea is a biannual peer-reviewed academic journal containing research and critical reflections on Chilean and Latin American culture including arts, literature, history, sociology, and other sciences. It is published by the University of Concepción. The journal is abstracted and indexed in Arts and Humanities Citation Index, Hispanic American Periodicals Index, SciELO, and Redalyc.


Depolymerization (or depolymerisation) is the process of converting a polymer into a monomer or a mixture of monomers. This process is driven by an increase in entropy.

Distance State University

The Distance State University (UNED, Universidad Estatal a Distancia) is one of five public universities in the Republic of Costa Rica. It is in Sabanilla, Montes de Oca. UNED is the second university in number of students, and it is the largest coverage in the country. It has its own publishing house that produces textbooks that cover most of the needs of the university, as essayistic works, research, etc. This institution was created in 1977. Its first president was Don Francisco Antonio Pacheco Fernandez.The university has programs classified into four categories:

Science education (Bachelor of Special Education, Bachelor of Educational Administration)

Management sciences (Bachelor of Business Administration with emphasis on Banking and Finance)

Social sciences and humanities (Bachelor of Criminological Sciences)

Natural sciences (Agricultural Engineering; Bachelor of Protection and Natural Resource Management)It also offers graduate programs for master's and doctorate.

Dynamis (journal)

Dynamis is a biannual peer-reviewed academic journal covering the history of medicine and science. It publishes articles, notes, documents, and reviews in Spanish and English (with some articles in French, Italian, or Portuguese). Contents are freely accessible online six months after publication from Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert and SciELO.


Ferussaciidae is a family of air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Achatinoidea.This family has no subfamilies. The family name Ferussaciidae is from 1883 and therefore it is more recent than the family name Cecilioididae Mörch, 1864, however the latter has been declared as a nomen oblitum because it has not been used for over 100 years. Ferussaciidae has been declared a nomen protectum.

Journal Article Tag Suite

The Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS) is an XML format used to describe scientific literature published online. It is a technical standard developed by the National Information Standards Organization (NISO) and approved by the American National Standards Institute with the code Z39.96-2012.

The NISO project was a continuation of the work done by NLM/NCBI, and popularized by the NLM's PubMed Central as a de facto standard for archiving and interchange of scientific open-access journals and its contents with XML.

With the NISO standardization the NLM initiative has gained a wider reach, and several other repositories, such as SciELO and Redalyc, adopted the XML formatting for scientific articles.

The JATS provides a set of XML elements and attributes for describing the textual and graphical content of journal articles

as well as some non-article material such as letters, editorials, and book and product reviews.

JATS allows for descriptions of the full article content or just the article header metadata;

and allows other kinds of contents, including research and non-research articles, letters, editorials, and book and product reviews.

Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia

Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering research in systematics, paleontology, evolutionary biology, ecology, taxonomy, anatomy, behavior, functional morphology, molecular biology, ontogeny, faunistic studies, and biogeography. It is published by the Museum of Zoology of the University of São Paulo and hosted by SciELO.


The premolar teeth, or bicuspids, are transitional teeth located between the canine and molar teeth. In humans, there are two premolars per quadrant in the permanent set of teeth, making eight premolars total in the mouth. They have at least two cusps. Premolars can be considered transitional teeth during chewing, or mastication. They have properties of both the canines, that lay anterior and molars that lay posterior, and so food can be transferred from the canines to the premolars and finally to the molars for grinding, instead of directly from the canines to the molars.


In academic publishing, a preprint is a version of a scholarly or scientific paper that precedes formal peer review and publication in a peer-reviewed scholarly or scientific journal. The preprint may be available, often as a non-typeset version available free, before and/or after a paper is published in a journal.


The Redalyc project (Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y El Caribe, España y Portugal) is a bibliographic database and a digital library of Open Access journals, supported by the Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México with the help of numerous other higher education institutions and information systems.

The project started in October 2002 with the general aim of building a scientific information system made up by the leading journals of all the knowledge areas edited in and about Latin America. Since its creation, its goal is: to give visibility to the scientific production generated in Ibero-America, that is underestimated worldwide due to various factors like low investment in science and technology, low participation of Latin American scientists in some of the main currents of science, as measured by percentage of articles by Latin American authors in established electronic databases e.g., MEDLINE, and the low impact of that production. Participation, measured by percentage of articles by authors of Latin America in such databases was very low in the dominant repositories e.g., 2.7% in the Science Citation Index (SCI).As of 2015, Redalyc is an information system that also evaluates the scientific and editorial quality of knowledge in Ibero-America. A research group generates bibliometric indicators about the impact of the journals, authors and countries included in the journal electronic library. Redalyc has been consolidated as an important repository of knowledge with over 1,000 journals and more than 425,000 full-text articles.

Revista Brasileira de Estudos de População

The Revista Brasileira de Estudos de População (English: Brazilian Journal of Population Studies) is a biannual open access peer-reviewed academic journal publishing original research and review studies on demography, demographic analysis, and the demographics of Brazil and other countries. It was established in 1984 and is published by the Brazilian Association of Population Studies (Associação Brasileira de Estudos Populacionais), with support from the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (National Council for Scientific and Technological Development). Articles are published in Portuguese, Spanish, or English. Occasional supplements to the journal include only English-language articles, either in their original version or translated from Portuguese. Since 2005 the journal has been made freely available online through SciELO.

Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical

The Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical (English: Cuban Journal of Tropical Medicine) is a Cuban medical journal concerning tropical medicine. The journal was first published in 1945 and is published in Spanish, although abstracts are available in English. Electronic versions in PDF format are available of articles published after 1995 online. The journal is abstracted and indexed in Excerpta Medica, Biological Abstracts, Index Medicus, and SciELO.


Strophocheilidae is a taxonomic family of air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Acavoidea (according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005).

São Paulo Research Foundation

São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP, Portuguese: Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo) is a public foundation located in São Paulo, Brazil, with the aim of providing grants, funds and programs to support research, education and innovation of private and public institutions and companies in the state of São Paulo. It was founded in 1962 and is maintained by endowments by the State government which are guaranteed as a fixed percentage of the State's tax income, besides the income generated by the financial fruition of its considerable assets.

FAPESP has been and still is an extremely important institution for Brazilian science. More recently its investment on directed and priority projects, such as genomic science and industrial innovation, has resulted in a big international visibility for Brazilian science and technology. It has also supported the strong use of digital information technologies in São Paulo, such as the Academic Network of São Paulo (ANSP), which is the academic Internet provider in the state, SciElo, one of the largest projects of scientific digital libraries in the world, and a pioneering network of virtual research institutes. The academic network of São Paulo is currently being upgraded to be one of the fastest in the world (TIDIA), using optical networking technologies.

FAPESP has also been lately active in the popularization of science. It publishes a science magazine, Pesquisa FAPESP, which has been awarded the José Reis Award for the Divulgation of Science by the National Council of Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq).

Timeline of the open-access movement

The following is a timeline of the international movement for open access to scholarly communication.

Web of Science

Web of Science (previously known as Web of Knowledge) is an online subscription-based scientific citation indexing service originally produced by the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), later maintained by Clarivate Analytics (previously the Intellectual Property and Science business of Thomson Reuters), that provides a comprehensive citation search. It gives access to multiple databases that reference cross-disciplinary research, which allows for in-depth exploration of specialized sub-fields within an academic or scientific discipline.

Projects +

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