Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was a small historic state in present-day Thuringia, Germany, with its capital at Rudolstadt.

County (Principality) of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Grafschaft (Fürstentum) Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
1599–1918
Flag of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
Flag
Coat of arms of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
Coat of arms
Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt within German Empire
Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt within German Empire
Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt within Thuringia
Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt within Thuringia
StatusState of the Holy Roman Empire (until 1806),
State of the Confederation of the Rhine,
State of the German Confederation,
State of the North German Confederation,
State of the German Empire,
State of the Weimar Republic
CapitalRudolstadt
GovernmentPrincipality
Historical eraEarly modern period
• Emerged from
    Schwarzburg
1599
• Raised to Principality
1711
1918
• Merged into Thuringia
1920
Area
1905940 km2 (360 sq mi)
Population
• 1905
97000
Preceded by
Succeeded by
County of Schwarzburg
Thuringia

History

Heidecksburg
Heidecksburg residence at Rudolstadt

Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was established in 1599 in the course of a resettlement of Schwarzburg dynasty lands. Since the 11th century, the ancestral seat of the comital family had been at Schwarzburg Castle, though after 1340, for most of its existence as a polity had the capital at the larger town of Rudolstadt. In 1583 Count Günther XLI of Schwarzburg, the eldest son of Günther XL the Rich and ruler over the united Schwarzburg lands, had died without issue. He was succeeded by his younger brothers, whereby Albert VII received the territory around Rudolstadt. After their brother Count William of Schwarzburg-Frankenhausen had died in 1597, the surviving brothers Albert VII and John Günther I established the two counties of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and Schwarzburg-Sondershausen by the 1599 Treaty of Stadtilm.

Albert's descendants ruled as sovereign counts of the Holy Roman Empire. Count Albert Anton (1662–1710) was elevated to the rank of a Prince by Emperor Leopold I of Habsburg, it was however his son Louis Frederick I (1710–1718) who first bore the princely title, whereby Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt in 1711 became a principality under the same entity. It withstood the mediatisation and after the Empire's dissolution joined the Confederation of the Rhine in 1807 and the German Confederation in 1815.

On 23 November 1918, during the German Revolution of 1918–1919 and the fall of all the German monarchies, Prince Günther Victor was the last to abdicate. The former principality became a "Free State" in 1919, that was merged into the new state of Thuringia in the next year. In 1905 Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt had an area of 940 km2 (360 sq mi) and a population of 97,000.

Rulers of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Günther Victor von Schwarzburg
Prince Günther Victor, the last ruler of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
Schloss Schwarzburg 1900
The castle at Schwarzburg
Treppsteinblick 1900
Aerial view at Schwarzburg

Counts of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Princes of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Heads of the princely house of Schwarzburg post-monarchy

On the death of the childless Prince Günther Victor in 1925, he was succeeded by Prince Sizzo (1860–1926), who was the son of Prince Friedrich Günther (1793–1867) from his second, morganatic marriage. Prince Sizzo was recognised as a full member of the House of Schwarzburg in 1896. He was succeeded in 1926 by his son, Prince Friedrich Günther (1901–1971).

Upon the death in 1971 of Prince Friedrich Günther, the last in the male line, his elder sister, Princess Marie Antoinette of Schwarzburg, who married Friedrich Magnus V, Count of Solms-Wildenfels, could have had a claim to the headship under Semi-Salic primogeniture.[1][2]

See also

References

  1. ^ The House of Schwarzburg on Heraldica.org
  2. ^ James, John Almanach de Gotha, Volume I, 2013.

External links

  • House laws of Schwarzburg
  • Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Albrecht VII, Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Albrecht VII, Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (16 January 1537 – 10 April 1605) was Count of Schwarzburg and founder of the Line of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, which later received the title of Prince. He was the youngest of the surviving sons of Günther XL, Count of Schwarzburg-Blankenburg and his wife Countess Elisabeth zu Ysenburg-Büdingen in Birstein.

Countess Emilie Juliane of Barby-Mühlingen

Emilie (Ämilie, Aemilie) Juliane (19 August 1637 – 3 December 1706) was a German countess and hymn writer.

Emilie Juliane was a daughter of Count Albert Frederick I of Barby-Mühlingen and his wife, Sophia Ursula of Oldenburg-Delmenhorst. During the Thirty Years' War, her father and his family were compelled to seek refuge in the castle of Heidecksburg in Rudolstadt after being persecuted for their Lutheran Protestant faith. It belonged to his uncle, Count Louis Günther I of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, and Emilie was born there.

After the death of her father (in 1641) and mother (in 1642), she was adopted by her aunt Emilie of Oldenburg, who was also her godmother and had become the wife of Count Louis Günther. Emilie Juliane was educated at Rudolstadt with her cousins under the care of Ahasuerus Fritsch and other teachers.

On 7 July 1665, she was married to her cousin, Count Albert Anton II of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt. She was the most productive of German female hymn-writers, almost 600 hymns being attributed to her. Her hymns, such as "Wer weiß, wie nahe mir mein Ende", are full of a deep love for her Saviour. She published Geistliche Lieder, etc., Rudolstadt, 1683; Kuhlwasser in grosser Hitze des Creutzes, Rudolstadt, 1685; Tägliches Morgen- Mittags- und Abendopfer, Rudolstadt, 1685.

Her hymns ""Bis hierher hat mich Gott gebracht (EG 329) and "Wer weiß, wie nahe mir mein Ende" (EG 530) are contained in the Protestant hymnal Evangelisches Gesangbuch.

Elxleben, Ilm-Kreis

Elxleben is a municipality in the district Ilm-Kreis, in Thuringia, Germany.

Frederick Charles, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Prince Frederick Charles of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (7 June 1736 in Rudolstadt – 13 April 1793) was a German Natural History collector, and from 1790 until his death the reigning Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.

Friedrich Günther, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Friedrich Günther, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (6 November 1793 – 28 June 1867) was a sovereign prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.

George Albert, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Georg Albert, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (23 November 1838 - 19 January 1890) was the penultimate sovereign prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.

Günther Victor, Prince of Schwarzburg

Günther Victor, Prince of Schwarzburg (21 August 1852 – 16 April 1925) was the final sovereign prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, and also the last German ruler to abdicate in the wake of the November Revolution of 1918.

House of Schwarzburg

Schwarzburg is one of the oldest noble families of Thuringia. Upon the death of Prince Friedrich Günther in 1971, a claim to the headship of the house passed under Semi-Salic primogeniture to his elder sister, Princess Marie Antoinette of Schwarzburg who married Friedrich Magnus V, Count of Solms-Wildenfels. Reigning over the County of Schwarzburg and founded by Sizzo I of Schwarzburg (died 1160), the family split in the 16th century into the lines of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen and Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, with the Sondershausen dying out in 1909.

John Frederick, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

John Frederick, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (8 January 1721 in Rudolstadt – 10 July 1767 in ibid) was the ruling Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt from 1744 to 1767.

Justus Perthes

Johann Georg Justus Perthes (11 September 1749, Rudolstadt, Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt – 2 May 1816, Gotha, Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg) was a German publisher and founder of the publishing house that bears his name.

Leutenberg

Leutenberg is a town in the district of Saalfeld-Rudolstadt, in Thuringia, Germany. It is situated in the Thuringian Forest, 18 km southeast of Saalfeld.

Louis Frederick I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Louis Frederick I of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (25 October 1667 in Rudolstadt – 24 June 1718, in Rudolstadt) was the ruling prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Count of Hohenstein, Lord of Rudolstadt, Blankenburg and Sondershausen from 1710 until his death.

Louis Günther II, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Louis Günther II of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (also known as Louis Günther IV), (22 October 1708 in Rudolstadt – 29 August 1790, Rudolstadt) was the ruling prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt from 1767 until his death.

Princess Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Princess Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (9 September 1700 – 11 December 1780) was a Princess of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.

She was the daughter of Louis Frederick I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (15 October 1667 – 24 June 1718) and Anna Sophie of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1670–1728).

Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (German: Prinzessin Marie von Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt; 29 January 1850 – 22 April 1922) was the consort and third wife of Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. She was mother of Prince Hendrik, consort of Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands and father of Queen Juliana.

Ringleben, Kyffhäuserkreis

Ringleben is a municipality in the district Kyffhäuserkreis, in Thuringia, Germany.

Rudolstadt

Rudolstadt is a town in the German Bundesland of Thuringia, close to the Thuringian Forest to the southwest, and to Jena and Weimar to the north.

The former capital of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, the town is built along the River Saale inside a wide valley surrounded by woods. Rudolstadt was founded in 776 and has had municipal law since 1326. The town's landmark is the Castle Heidecksburg which is enthroned on a hill above the old town.

Rudolstadt is twinned with Letterkenny, Co. Donegal, Ireland.

Rudolstadt became popular through the Anchor Stone Blocks of the Toy Company Richter and porcelain factories, beginning with the establishment of the Volkstedt porcelain manufacture in 1762.

Rudolstadt hosts Germany’s biggest folk, roots, and world music festival, TFF Rudolstadt (Tanz&FolkFest), taking place annually on the first full July weekend.The headquarters of the EPC Group, a global engineering and construction company, are in Rudolstadt.

Since 2012 Rudolstadt hosts Gettingtough – The Race, Europe's hardest Obstacle Race.

Schwarzburg (municipality)

Schwarzburg is a municipality in the valley of the Schwarza (German: Schwarzatal) in the district Saalfeld-Rudolstadt in Thuringia, Germany.

First mentioned in 1071 as Swartzinburg. The (now-ruined) castle was from the 12th century the seat of the Counts of Schwarzburg. Then Rudolstadt became seat of the new line of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.

On August 11, 1919, while on holiday in Schwarzburg, Friedrich Ebert — the first Reichspräsident of Germany — signed the Weimar constitution, the first democratic constitution of Germany.

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