School zone

A school zone refers to an area on a street near a school or near a crosswalk leading to a school that has a likely presence of younger pedestrians. School zones generally have a reduced speed limit during certain hours.

SchoolZone-SpeedLimitSignAndLight
A speed limit sign entering a school zone, along with a warning light above, in Calabasas, California
School zone flashing light warning sign
A solar powered school zone sign used in New South Wales, Australia

Fines

Fines for speeding in school zones may be enhanced. For example, many authorities double speeding fines in school zones. In New South Wales, Australia there are increases in fines that apply in school zones, during school zone times. The most common offences that occur in a school zone also attract demerit points. This includes most parking offences, such as parking on a footpath or nature strip, double parking, disobeying a no stopping or no parking sign and stopping in a bus zone. In the United Kingdom the fine for stopping next to a school is 30GBP (£) .

When active

School zone in Canberra
An Australian school zone sign, covered during school holidays, to denote the use of normal speeds

School zone speed limits are often, but not always, only applicable during posted weekday hours near the beginning and ending of school when children are likely to cross roads. In some jurisdictions, the school zone speed limit is effective at all times when school is in session, plus additional time before and after the school day. Flashing amber lights often indicate when the school zone is effective. When a school zone also has a large playground facility, it may double as a playground zone and the speed limit could be in effect longer — or even continuous.

In California, school zones are generally in effect only "when children are outside or crossing the street",[1] and usually have a speed limit of 25 mph, or 40 km/h. School zone signs are sometimes amended with the notice "When children are present" (like shown on the photo), which emphasizes its definition in the drivers' handbook.

School zones may also sometimes be in effect during school holidays, due to holiday programs that use school premises. In some locations, however, school zone signs will be locked up during school holidays so that motorists can drive to the normal speed limit.

School zones typically have speed limits between 15 and 25 mph (25 and 40 km/h).

Overtaking moving or stationary vehicles in active school zones is prohibited in some jurisdictions.

Effectiveness

In a review of the available research, the Committee for Guidance on Setting and Enforcing Speed Limits of the Transportation Research Board, part of the United States National Research Council, stated:

Studies of the effectiveness of school zone limits, however, have generally found poor driver compliance, particularly when the limits are set very low, and no relationship between pedestrian crashes and the special limits.[2]

Notes

  1. ^ California Drivers Handbook (section "Around Children")
  2. ^ National Research Council (U.S.). Transportation Research Board. Committee for Guidance on Setting and Enforcing Speed Limits (1998). Managing Speed: Review of Current Practice for Setting and Enforcing Speed Limits (PDF). p. 115. ISBN 0-309-06502-X.
Bay Hill, Florida

Bay Hill is a census-designated place (CDP) in Orange County, Florida, United States. The population was 4,884 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Orlando–Kissimmee Metropolitan Statistical Area. The Bay Hill area is generally located on either side of Apopka-Vineland Road in southwest Orange County, north of Lake Buena Vista and south of Windermere.

Box Hill High School

Box Hill High School is a co-educational public secondary school located on the corner of Middleborough Road and Whitehorse Road in the eastern suburb of Box Hill in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

With an enrolment of 1317 students (as of 2014), it caters for students from years 7 through to 12. Year 10, 11 and 12 students undertake the VCE program.

Its school zone includes the suburbs of Box Hill, Box Hill South, Burwood, Burwood East Blackburn, Blackburn North, and Blackburn South.

Buckingham, Richardson, Texas

Buckingham is an area within Richardson, Texas, United States that was formerly a separate incorporated city. As of the 1990 census, the city had a total population of 102. Encompassing only 159 acres (0.6 km²), Buckingham, near Dallas, was surrounded by Richardson.

In the early 1980s, real estate speculators bought most of the land, intending to create a planned development similar to the Las Colinas planned development in north Irving. To spur development, the residents voted to allow alcohol sales in the community before they were bought out. But the real estate market declined, and by the late 1980s, the development company went bankrupt.

The 1990s brought more development to the area, though not without causing conflicts with nearby Richardson residents. At one point, conflicts between the cities led to school zone signs being removed from one Buckingham road, leading parents to stand alongside the road waving flags to warn motorists to slow down.

In April 1996, though, conflicts between Buckingham and Richardson were resolved once and for all, when Buckingham's 159 acres (0.6 km²) were annexed into the city of Richardson. Since it allowed alcohol sales before annexation, it remained "wet" although the vast majority of Richardson was at the time "dry". (With the other exception being a small area of land annexed into Richardson along SH 190.) Richardson residents voted on whether to allow beer and wine sales in the 2006 general election. The measure passed with 68% in favor, so Richardson is no longer considered "dry."

Camberwell High School

Camberwell High School is a government-funded, government run, co-educational high school for years 7 to 12, located on Prospect Hill Road in Canterbury, a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Camberwell High School is located on a 3.2-hectare site in Canterbury, which lies about twelve kilometres from Melbourne's Central Business District.

Its school zone includes the affluent suburbs of Camberwell, Canterbury, Surrey Hills, Balwyn, Deepdene, Kew, Hartwell, Burwood, and Hawthorn East.

The school is next to Riversdale Park and the East Camberwell Tennis Club. It is accessible via the 70 tram on Riversdale Road and Riversdale railway station on the Alamein line.

The school has multi-storeyed cream brick buildings, and extensive facilities. The school opened in 1941, with over 350 students – as of 2010, the school's population is capped at 1200 students.

Cannabis in Guam

Cannabis in Guam has been legal for medical purposes since 2015 and legal for recreational purposes since April 2019. Guam was the first United States Territory to legalize medical marijuana, passing via a ballot referendum in 2014.

The 2012 UNODC World Drug Report ranked Guam as the third-highest jurisdiction for adult cannabis use in the world at 18.4%. As of 2017, NORML reported that possession of less than an ounce outside a school zone could result in a civil infraction with a $100 fine.

College-preparatory school

A college-preparatory school (shortened to preparatory school, prep school, or college prep) is a type of secondary school. The term can refer to public, private independent or parochial schools primarily designed to prepare students for higher education.

Dr. Phillips, Florida

Dr. Phillips is a census-designated place and an unincorporated area in Orange County, Florida, United States. It is a suburb of Orlando and is part of the Orlando–Kissimmee–Sanford, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 10,981 at the 2010 census.The area of Dr. Phillips is named after Dr. Phillip Phillips, a Central Florida citrus magnate. He was responsible for several key innovations in the processing and packaging of orange juice. By the early 1920s, he owned thousands of acres of groves, stretching across nine Central Florida counties and extending from Conroy Road on the north to the south end of the Sand Lake Chain, encompassing all of what is now Bay Hill, Orange Tree, Sand Lake Hills, Clubhouse Estates and Turkey Lake Park.

Gotha, Florida

Gotha is a census-designated place (CDP) in Orange County, Florida, United States. Gotha is located between Ocoee and Windermere and had a population of 1,915 at the 2010 census, up from 731 as recorded by the 2000 census. It is part of the Orlando–Kissimmee Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is the resting place of the famous painter Bob Ross.

Gun-Free School Zones Act of 1990

The Gun-Free School Zones Act (GFSZA) is an act of the U.S. Congress prohibiting any unauthorized individual from knowingly possessing a loaded or unsecured firearm at a place that the individual knows, or has reasonable cause to believe, is a school zone as defined by 18 U.S.C. § 921(a)(25). The law applies to public, private, and parochial elementary schools and high schools, and to non-private property within 1000 feet of them. It provides that the states and their political subdivisions may issue licenses that exempt the licensed individuals from the prohibition.

It was first introduced in the U.S. Senate in February 1990 as S. 2070 by Senator Herb Kohl of Wisconsin and then was incorporated into the Crime Control Act of 1990 that was signed into law by President George H. W. Bush.

Hillcrest High School (Ottawa)

Hillcrest High School is an Ottawa-Carleton District School Board high school in the Elmvale Acres neighbourhood in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, in School Zone 6.

The school was opened in 1961. In 2011, it enrolled 800 students. Its sports teams are nicknamed "The Hawks".

Hillcrest High School is a very ethnically diverse school, with many different kinds of people living in and around the surrounding community, including Blacks, Arabs, South Asians, Somalis, and Whites. Hillcrest enrolls students from over 100 countries and offers a full-immersion French program.

Hillcrest has a long history of success in sports. The school has won numerous boys' rugby, basketball and hockey championships. The senior boys' rugby team was considered the top in the city, years 2006-08. The junior basketball team was considered the top in the city in the year 2008-09. Hillcrest's varsity girls' hockey team claimed the tier 2 championship, two years in a row 08-09 and 09-10. Also notable is their track team's long history of success at the city and provincial levels. Many players on the Ottawa 67's attend Hillcrest during the season as well.

Hillcrest has a university Advanced Placement program, which is a method of extending classroom learning through activities and travel; a co-curricular program; and a computer technology program in information management. The school is also involved in the community; students raise money for the Canadian Cancer Society every year.

Lake Butler, Orange County, Florida

Lake Butler is a census-designated place (CDP) and unincorporated area, completely surrounding the town of Windermere, in Orange County, Florida, United States. The population was 15,400 at the 2010 census, up from 7,062 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Orlando–Kissimmee–Sanford, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The Lake Butler CDP contains the communities of Isleworth and Summerport Beach.

Madison County School District (Mississippi)

The Madison County School District is a public school district based in Ridgeland, Mississippi (USA).

In addition to Ridgeland, the district serves the cities of Flora and Madison, a small portion of Jackson that lies in Madison County, the community of Camden, and most rural areas in Madison County.

Mirabel, Quebec

Mirabel is an off-island suburb of Montreal, located in southern Quebec.

Mirabel is also the name of a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) and census division (CD) of Quebec, coextensive with the city of Mirabel. Its geographical code is 74. Prior to 2002, Mirabel was not only a city but also comprised the Mirabel Regional County Municipality.

The city is home to Montréal-Mirabel International Airport.

Road signs in Australia

Road signs in Australia are regulated by each state's government, but are standardised overall throughout the country. In 1999, the National Transport Commission, or NTC, created the first set of Rules of the Road for Australia. Official road signs by standard must use the AS1744 series fonts, based on the USA's Highway Gothic typeface.

Road signs in Saudi Arabia

These road signs are used in Saudi Arabia.

Roosevelt Elementary School (Philadelphia)

Roosevelt Elementary School is a historic K–8 school located in the Morton neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is part of the School District of Philadelphia. The building was designed by Irwin T. Catharine and built in 1922–1924. It is a three-story, 17 bay, brick building on a raised basement in the Colonial Revival-style. It features a central projecting entrance pavilion of brick and stone, with stone pilasters, and a stone cornice and brick parapet. The school was named for President Theodore Roosevelt.

The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1988.In spring 2013 the school had about 320 students in grades 7 and 8. That year Robert Fulton Elementary School, less than 1 mile (1.6 km) walking distance, closed, and its students, from the former school zone in the center of Germantown, were moved to Roosevelt. Principal Byron Ryan began his term in fall 2013; at that time the school was understaffed due to layoffs.

Songpa District

Songpa-gu is a district of Seoul, South Korea. Songpa is located at the southeastern part of Seoul, the capital of South Korea. Songpa is also the largest population district with 647,000 residents, in Seoul. This had been called Wirye, when it was the first capital of Baekje. Songpa is generally referred to as a part of Greater Gangnam Area along with Gangnam District and Seocho District.

Songpa was at the center of 1988 Seoul Olympics, and most of the sporting facilities associated with that event are located within the district.

In 2009, Songpa District won the Livcom Awards of UNEP for the most liveable city.

Tildenville, Florida

Tildenville is a census-designated place (CDP) and an unincorporated area in Orange County, Florida, United States. The population was 511 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Orlando–Kissimmee Metropolitan Statistical Area. Generally speaking, Tildenville is a narrow area alongside Orange County Road 545, south of Florida State Road 50 and north of the Stoneybrook West planned unit development. Residents utilize Winter Garden, Florida for mail delivery.

Warning sign

A warning sign is a type of sign which indicates a potential hazard, obstacle or condition requiring special attention. Some are traffic signs that indicate hazards on roads that may not be readily apparent to a driver.While warning traffic sign designs vary, they usually take the shape of an equilateral triangle with a white background and thick red border. In the People's Republic of China (except for Macau and Hong Kong), they appear with a black border and a yellow background. In Sweden, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Finland, Iceland, North Macedonia and Poland, they have a red border with an amber background. The polar bear warning sign in Svalbard recently changed from displaying a black bear on white background to a white bear on black background (both signs are triangular with a red border). Some countries (like France, Norway and Spain) that normally use a white background have adopted an orange or amber background for road work or construction signs.

Warning signs in some countries have a diamond shape in place of the standard triangular shape. In the United States, Canada, Mexico, Thailand, Australia, Japan, Indonesia, Malaysia, New Zealand, most of South America, and also Ireland (diverging from the standards of the rest of Europe) use warning signs are black on a yellow background and usually diamond-shaped, while temporary signs (which are typically construction signs) are black on an orange background. Some other countries also use these standards for some signage.

The warning signs usually contain a symbol. In Europe they are based on the UNECE Vienna Convention on Road Signs and Signals. In the United States they are based on the MUTCD standard and often contain text only.

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