Schomberg (2016 population 2,691) is an unincorporated village in northwestern King, Ontario, Canada Situated north of the Oak Ridges Moraine and south of the Holland River, the village is surrounded by natural attractions.
Schomberg is accessed via Highway 9, which links Orangeville and Newmarket; via Highway 27 linking Barrie and Toronto; and the Lloydtown-Aurora Road. Its main street is York Regional Road 76, a curved avenue separate from the local major highways.
Location within Canada
Location within Ontario
Location within North America
|Regional Municipality||York Region|
|• Township mayor||Steve Pellegrini|
|• MP||Deb Schulte|
|• MPP||Helena Jaczek|
|• Councillor||Bill Cober (Ward 4)|
|• Land||2.31 km2 (0.89 sq mi)|
|Elevation||200 m (700 ft)|
|• Density||1,127.3/km2 (2,920/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Schomberger or Schombergian|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Forward sortation area||L0G|
|Area code(s)||905 and 289|
Brownsville was founded by Irish settlers who had immigrated to Canada from Pennsylvania in the United States. It was named for its founder, businessman Thomas Brown (born 13 May 1802), who was one of twelve siblings born in Pennsylvania, and one of four who emigrated to Upper Canada. About 1830, his farmer brother John R. Brown (born 3 June 1811) settled on lot 26, concession 8, establishing the rural community. Thomas built the community's only flour mill in 1836, stimulating development. The mill was eventually bought by their brother Garrett, who also established the first bank in the community. For postal service, residents used the post office in the nearby community of Lloydtown.
In 1861, the community applied for a post office, but was rejected because another post office with the name Brownsville was already in operation in York County. (That community is now part of Woodbridge.) In 1862, the community was renamed Schomberg, a name suggested by Thomas Roberts Ferguson, and its post office was established. The name was likely for Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg, a general under King William III of England.
On 6 June 1890, the town was one of many flooded as a result of a storm in the eastern United States and Canada. The flood destroyed buildings, leaving many residents homeless and businesses ruined, and swept away two mill dams. It also carried one building downstream, where it came to rest on a farm. In Ontario, the storm also caused flooding in Barrie, Brooklin, Greenwood, and Orangeville.
On 25 March 1899, the community was established as a police village. In 1902, the Traders Bank of Canada (now part of the Royal Bank of Canada) established the first commercial bank in Schomberg, and in January 1920 the Imperial Bank of Canada (now part of the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce) established a branch.
For some time in the early 20th century, the town was the terminus of the Schomberg and Aurora Railway that connected to the Toronto and York Radial Railway on Yonge Street, some distance to the east. The railway was constructed to bring shoppers and day-trippers from Toronto to the town, but was never very popular. Opened for traffic in 1902, it was electrified in 1916 and closed in 1927. The rails were removed the next year, but the right-of-way can still be seen to the east of town.
Urbanization of the community occurred primarily in the southwestern part, with small developments. In the 1950s and 1960s, housing was developed near the centre, and in the 1990s in the Roselena Drive area. Two developments in the 2010s added 147 detached homes, 52 semi-detached homes, 29 townhouses, and a 127-unit six-storey condominium.
Schomberg has a continental climate moderated by the Great Lakes and influenced by warm, moist air masses from the south, and cold, dry air from the north. The Oak Ridges Moraine affects levels of precipitation: as an air mass arrives from Lake Ontario and reaches the elevated ground surface of the moraine, it rises causing precipitation.
|Climate data for Schomberg|
|Record high °C (°F)||13.0
|Average high °C (°F)||−3.4
|Average low °C (°F)||−11.4
|Record low °C (°F)||−36.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||53.9
|Source: Environment Canada|
An annual tradition is the Schomberg Fair, first held in 1851. It is an agricultural fair featuring a variety of events and activities. It is held every year on the last weekend in May.
A more recent annual tradition is Main Street Christmas. This is held one evening in December, during which people celebrate the holiday season by listening to carols, going on hay rides, and viewing ice sculptures, among other things.
Schomberg is home to the Schomberg Cougars, a Junior C hockey team playing in the Georgian Mid-Ontario Junior C Hockey League. The Schomberg Minor Hockey Association and the Schomberg Cougars are tenants of the Trisan Centre.
Schomberg has two elementary schools: Schomberg Public School and St. Patrick's Catholic School. There is also a nursery school. There is no secondary school in Schomberg, so students generally attend King City Secondary School, Cardinal Carter Catholic High School, or St. Maximillian Kolbe Catholic High School.