Scania Party

Skånepartiet ("the Scania party") is a separatist, right-wing populist, anti-immigration political party in the Swedish province of Scania, established in 1979. The founder and leader of the party is Carl P. Herslow.

The original aims of the party were abolition of the Swedish state's monopoly of the radio and television market, and self-government for Skåne. Originally it advocated full independence for Skåne as a republic, but later altered this to instead back devolution within the Swedish state. Recently however the party has again restated a desire for full sovereignty. It started criticizing Swedish immigration policy in the mid-1980s, and since the 2000s has focused heavily on an aggressive campaign against Islam. Its support has shrunk over recent years and it is today not represented in any council, losing its last local seats in the 2006 election.

Scania Party

Skånepartiet
ChairmanCarl P. Herslow
Founded24 March 1979
HeadquartersMalmgatan 16, Malmö
IdeologyScanian nationalism
Right-wing populism
Anti communism
Economic liberalism
Separatism
Christian right
Anti-Islam
Political positionFar-right
European affiliationNone
International affiliationNone
ColoursBlue, white, yellow, red
Website
www.skanepartiet.org

History

The party was founded on 24 March 1979 in Lund. Based on the Scania Movement ("Skånerörelsen") founded in 1977, its initial main issues was to achieve regional autonomy for Scania, particularly regarding the mass media, alcohol, energy, tourism and education policy. It ran in the 1979 election on three main issues; a Scanian provincial government, an independent advertising-funded Scanian TV channel with broadcasting associations, and the free sale of beer, wine and liquor in Scania. The election was however ultimately a failure for the party. It started local radio broadcasts in 1982. Although the party had put in much work for the 1982 election, it again failed to win any representation.[1]

By 1984 the party reportedly had more than 4,000 members, and had expanded its radio broadcasts. It had also become more radical, now demanding that Scania become an independent republic. The party also started to criticize the economic, social and cultural consequences of Swedish immigration policy. In the 1985 election the party finally broke through, and helped to remove the Social Democratic Party from power in Malmö for the first time in 66 years, winning five mandates. It also gained representation in a few other municipalities. In the 1988 election the party was reduced to three mandates in Malmö and lost its representation in all other municipalities except one.[1] The party held municipal seats only in Malmö through the 1990s. In the late 2000s the party has failed to win any representation, and has been marginalized by the advancing Sweden Democrats in competition for votes.[2]

Policies

The party states on its website that its policy is based on the two main demands of "more restrictive immigration and refugee policies, and the elimination of Islam."[1] It further promotes 12 key policies;[3]

  1. Scania to become a free republic, a member of the European Union and NATO
  2. cessation of immigration of refugees and similar
  3. Islam to be eliminated; Muslims must move to Sweden (i.e. out of Scania)
  4. all pension promises to be unconditionally fulfilled
  5. more money to healthcare, the elderly and disabled
  6. utilize both reactors at the Barsebäck nuclear power plant
  7. pupils must have respect for teachers and adults
  8. better crimefighting by stricter sentencing and an increase in police numbers
  9. liberalise the labour market, stop welfare fraud
  10. reduce the tax burden when Scania's state debt is paid
  11. abolish the state alcohol monopoly administered by Systembolaget
  12. stop the "communist radio and television empire"

Election results

Local representation

1985 election; 5 mandates in Malmö, 2 in Burlöv, 2 in Svedala, 1 in Staffanstorp and 1 in Vellinge.[1]

1988 election; 3 mandates in Malmö and 1 in Staffanstorp.[1]

1991 election; 2 mandates in Malmö.[1]

1994 election; 3 mandates in Malmö.[4]

1998 election; 2 mandates in Malmö.[5]

2002 election; 2 mandates in Malmö.[6]

2006 election; 0 mandates.[7]

2010 election; 0 mandates.[8]

2014 election; 0 mandates (0.33 % share of the votes for the Skåne Regional Council and 0.6% share of the votes in municipal elections) [9][10]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Om Skånepartiet". skanepartiet.org (in Swedish). Retrieved 26 December 2010.
  2. ^ Hjälte, Kenny (20 September 2010). "Val2010: Skånepartiet gjorde ännu ett katastrofval". Expo (in Swedish). Retrieved 26 December 2010.
  3. ^ "Punktprogram". skanepartiet.org (in Swedish). Retrieved 26 December 2010.
  4. ^ "Alla svenska städer: valresultat 1994". CyberCity (in Swedish). Retrieved 26 December 2010.
  5. ^ "Alla svenska städer: valresultat 1998". CyberCity (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 24 September 2010. Retrieved 26 December 2010.
  6. ^ "Alla svenska städer: valresultat 2002". CyberCity (in Swedish). Retrieved 26 December 2010.
  7. ^ "Alla svenska städer: valresultat 2006". CyberCity (in Swedish). Retrieved 26 December 2010.
  8. ^ "Alla svenska städer: valresultat 2010". CyberCity (in Swedish). Retrieved 26 December 2010.
  9. ^ 2014 Regional elections
  10. ^ 2014 Municipal elections

External links

2014 Swedish general election

General elections were held in Sweden on 14 September 2014 to elect all 349 seats in the Riksdag, alongside elections for the 21 county councils, and 290 municipal assemblies.

The centre-right Alliance for Sweden coalition (comprising the Moderate Party, Liberal People's Party, Centre Party, and Christian Democrats) sought a third term in government. In contrast to the previous election, the three largest parties on the left (the Social Democrats, Green Party, and Left Party) ran independent campaigns, as did the far-right Sweden Democrats. The left-wing party, Feminist Initiative, did not secure the 4% threshold.

The election result saw the largest three parties on the left outpoll the Alliance for Sweden, with the two blocs respectively winning 159 and 141 seats. The Sweden Democrats doubled their support and won the remaining 49 seats. Fredrik Reinfeldt, the incumbent prime minister, lost his bid for a third term. On 3 October, he was replaced by Stefan Löfven, who formed a minority government consisting of the Social Democrats and Greens.

2018 Swedish general election

General elections were held in Sweden on Sunday 9 September 2018 to elect the 349 members of the Riksdag. Regional and municipal elections were also held on the same day. The incumbent minority government, consisting of the Social Democrats and the Greens and supported by the Left Party, won 144 seats, one seat more than the four-party Alliance coalition, with the Sweden Democrats winning the remaining 62 seats. The Social Democrats' vote share fell to 28.3 percent, its lowest level of support since 1911, although the main opposition, the Moderates, lost even more support. The Sweden Democrats made gains, though less than anticipated. The voter turnout of 87.18% was the highest in 33 years and 1.38 percentage points higher than the 2014 elections.

Following the elections, Prime Minister Stefan Löfven lost a vote of no-confidence on 25 September, forcing a parliamentary vote on a new government. In the meantime, his government remained in power as a caretaker government. Speaker Andreas Norlén nominated Moderate leader Ulf Kristersson to form a government on 9 November. However, Kristersson lost a vote to confirm him in office by a margin of 195–154. He was supported by his own Moderate Party, the Christian Democrats and the Sweden Democrats, but the Liberals and the Centre Party, the other parties in the centre-right Alliance, were not willing to form a government reliant on the Sweden Democrats. On 15 November, Norlén invited Centre Party leader Annie Lööf to try to form a government, but she was unable to do so. Norlén then nominated Löfven, but he lost a confirmation vote on 14 December.Hours after the failed vote to confirm Löfven, Norlén announced that he would be meeting with representatives of the Election Authority regarding a potential extraordinary election. The Speaker also stated that he would be engaging in talks with the parties during the weekend and that he would present the next phase of the government formation process by the following week. Löfven was finally re-elected as Prime Minister on 18 January 2019 after the Social Democrats struck an agreement with the Greens, the Liberals, and the Centre Party; and after the Left Party agreed to abstain from voting against Löfven.

Bornholm's Self-Government Party

Bornholm's Self-Government Party (Danish: Bornholms Selvstyre parti) is a local political party in Denmark, which seeks to establish the independence or autonomy of Bornholm, a small island in the Baltic Sea with a population of slightly below 40,000 people. Founded in the 1990s, the party has seen only minor successes, securing at most a few hundred votes at a time.

Carl P. Herslow

Carl P. Herslow (born November 14, 1943) is a Swedish politician and leader of the Scania Party.

Islamophobia in Sweden

Islamophobia in Sweden refers to the set of discourses, behaviours and structures which express feelings of anxiety, fear, hostility and rejection towards Islam and/or Muslims in Sweden. Historically, attitudes towards Muslims in Sweden have been mixed with relations being largely negative in the early 16th century, improving in the 18th century, and declining once again with the rise of Swedish nationalism in the early 20th century. According to Jonas Otterbeck, a Swedish historian of religion, attitudes towards Islam and Muslims today have improved but "the level of prejudice was and is still high." Islamophobia can manifest itself through discrimination in the workforce, prejudiced coverage in the media, and violence against Muslims.

List of political parties campaigning for self-government

This is a list of political parties campaigning for self-government. Listed here are parties with a specific ethnic minority background or regional parties active on a national level promoting more autonomy or independence for their region. Only parliamentary (including regional parliaments or councils) or former parliamentary parties are listed. Some of these parties are members or observers of the European Free Alliance (EFA).

Riksdag

The Riksdag (Swedish: riksdagen or Sveriges riksdag) is the national legislature and the supreme decision-making body of Sweden. Since 1971, the Riksdag has been a unicameral legislature with 349 members (Swedish: riksdagsledamöter), elected proportionally and serving, from 1994 onwards, on fixed four-year terms.

The constitutional functions of the Riksdag are enumerated in the Instrument of Government (Swedish: Regeringsformen), and its internal workings are specified in greater detail in the Riksdag Act (Swedish: Riksdagsordningen).The seat of the Riksdag is at Parliament House (Swedish: Riksdagshuset), on the island of Helgeandsholmen in the central parts of Stockholm. The Riksdag has its institutional roots in the feudal Riksdag of the Estates, by tradition thought to have first assembled in Arboga in 1435, and in 1866 following reforms of the 1809 Instrument of Government that body was transformed into a bicameral legislature with an upper chamber (Swedish: Första Kammaren) and a lower chamber (Swedish: Andra Kammaren).

The most recent general election was held on 9 September 2018.

Sweden during the late 19th century

The period following the accession of Oscar II to the throne of Sweden in 1872 was marked by political conflict. The Lantmanna Party, representing peasant proprietors, dominated the Lower House of parliament, and demanded tax reductions and reforms of the system of military service. The Upper House opposed these positions. A compromise was reached in 1884 with reduction in land taxes and increased periods of military service, processes that continued in later years.

In trade policy, advocates of Protectionism gained the upper hand in 1888, and import duties were imposed on barley and other commodities. Pressure grew for extension of the franchise, leading up to the introduction in 1907 of universal manhood suffrage for elections to the Lower House, and a proportional representation system for both Houses.

During King Oscar's reign many important social reforms were implemented. In a spirit of patriotism, physical activity was promoted: compulsory gymnastics was introduced in schools in 1880, and the Swedish Ski Association was formed in 1892.

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