Saxifraga cuneifolia

Saxifraga cuneifolia, the lesser Londonpride,[2] shield-leaved saxifrage or spoon-leaved saxifrage, is a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the Saxifragaceae family.

Saxifraga cuneifolia
Saxifragaceae - Saxifraga cuneifolia-1
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Saxifragaceae
Genus: Saxifraga
Species: S. cuneifolia
Binomial name
Saxifraga cuneifolia
Synonyms[1]
  • Saxifraga cuneifolia subsp. robusta D.A. Webb

Etymology

Saxifraga cuneifolia was first described by Carl Linnaeus in the 1759 10th edition of Systema Naturae. The Latin word "Saxifraga" means literally "stone-breaker", from Latin "saxum" meaning "stone" + "frangere" meaning "to break". It is usually explained by reference to certain saxifrages' ability to settle in the cracks of rocks. The species' Latin epithet cuneifolia means “wedge-shaped leaves”.

Description

Saxifraga cuneifolia reaches on average 10–25 centimetres (4–10 in) in height.[3] The stem is woody and creeping. The leaves are alternate and arranged in a basal rosette. They are fleshy and slightly leathery, wedge-shaped, obovate or roundish and notched on the margins. The flowers are gathered in a loose and irregularly branched inflorescence, with 5-15 flowers.[3] The five petals are white, 2.5 to 4 mm long.[3] The flowering period extends from May through July.[3] Pollination is by insects. The fruit is a capsule.

Distribution

Lesser Londonpride is a native of the mountains of central and southern Europe, from northwestern Spain over the Pyrenees, the Cevennes, the Alps and the Apennines, up to the eastern and southern Carpathians and the north of Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina.[3]

Habitat

This plant grows in woods (mainly beech or chestnut), on shaded rocks and boulders. It occurs mainly in humid areas with humus rich soil, at an altitude of 400–1,600 metres (1,300–5,200 ft) above sea level.[3]

References

  1. ^ Synonyms in Anthos
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Pignatti S. - Flora d'Italia – Edagricole – 1982. Vol. I, pag. 509

External links

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