Saxifraga cuneifolia

Saxifraga cuneifolia, the lesser Londonpride,[2] shield-leaved saxifrage or spoon-leaved saxifrage, is a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the Saxifragaceae family.

Saxifraga cuneifolia
Saxifragaceae - Saxifraga cuneifolia-1
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Saxifragaceae
Genus: Saxifraga
Species:
S. cuneifolia
Binomial name
Saxifraga cuneifolia
Synonyms[1]
  • Saxifraga cuneifolia subsp. robusta D.A. Webb

Etymology

Saxifraga cuneifolia was first described by Carl Linnaeus in the 1759 10th edition of Systema Naturae. The Latin word "Saxifraga" means literally "stone-breaker", from Latin "saxum" meaning "stone" + "frangere" meaning "to break". It is usually explained by reference to certain saxifrages' ability to settle in the cracks of rocks. The species' Latin epithet cuneifolia means “wedge-shaped leaves”.

Description

Saxifraga cuneifolia reaches on average 10–25 centimetres (4–10 in) in height.[3] The stem is woody and creeping. The leaves are alternate and arranged in a basal rosette. They are fleshy and slightly leathery, wedge-shaped, obovate or roundish and notched on the margins. The flowers are gathered in a loose and irregularly branched inflorescence, with 5-15 flowers.[3] The five petals are white, 2.5 to 4 mm long.[3] The flowering period extends from May through July.[3] Pollination is by insects. The fruit is a capsule.

Distribution

Lesser Londonpride is a native of the mountains of central and southern Europe, from northwestern Spain over the Pyrenees, the Cevennes, the Alps and the Apennines, up to the eastern and southern Carpathians and the north of Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina.[3]

Habitat

This plant grows in woods (mainly beech or chestnut), on shaded rocks and boulders. It occurs mainly in humid areas with humus rich soil, at an altitude of 400–1,600 metres (1,300–5,200 ft) above sea level.[3]

References

  1. ^ Synonyms in Anthos
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Pignatti S. - Flora d'Italia – Edagricole – 1982. Vol. I, pag. 509

External links

10th edition of Systema Naturae

The 10th edition of Systema Naturae is a book written by Swedish naturalist Carolus Linnaeus and published in two volumes in 1758 and 1759, which marks the starting point of zoological nomenclature. In it, Linnaeus introduced binomial nomenclature for animals, something he had already done for plants in his 1753 publication of Species Plantarum.

List of the vascular plants of Britain and Ireland 4

This page covers a group of dicotyledon families (Brassicaceae to Saxifragaceae). For the background to this list see parent article List of the vascular plants of Britain and IrelandStatus key: * indicates an introduced species and e indicates an extinct species.

London Pride

London Pride may refer to:

London Pride (beer), a bitter brewed by Fuller, Smith and Turner

London Pride (morris dance), a morris dance in various traditions, and the tune that it goes to (earlier than Noël Coward's)

London Pride (novel), a novel by Mary Elizabeth Braddon

London Pride (film), a 1920 British silent film

"London Pride" (song), a 1941 song written by Noël Coward during the Blitz of World War II

London Pride (sculpture), by Frank Dobson, on London's South Bank

Saxifraga

Saxifraga is the largest genus in the family Saxifragaceae, containing about 440 species of holarctic perennial plants, known as saxifrages or rockfoils. The Latin word saxifraga means literally "stone-breaker", from Latin saxum ("rock" or "stone") + frangere ("to break"). It is usually thought to indicate a medicinal use for treatment of urinary calculi (known as kidney stones), rather than breaking rocks apart.The genera Saxifragopsis (strawberry saxifrage), and Saxifragella are sometimes included in Saxifraga. In recent DNA based phylogenetic analyses of the Saxifragaceae, the former sections Micranthes and Merkianae are shown to be more closely related to the Boykinia and Heuchera clades, and the most recent floras separate these groups as the genus Micranthes.

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