Savannah, Georgia

Savannah (/səˈvænə/) is the oldest city in the U.S. state of Georgia and is the county seat of Chatham County. Established in 1733 on the Savannah River, the city of Savannah became the British colonial capital of the Province of Georgia and later the first state capital of Georgia.[4] A strategic port city in the American Revolution and during the American Civil War,[5] Savannah is today an industrial center and an important Atlantic seaport. It is Georgia's fifth-largest city, with a 2017 estimated population of 146,444.[1] The Savannah metropolitan area, Georgia's third-largest, had an estimated population of 389,494 in 2018.[6]

Each year Savannah attracts millions of visitors to its cobblestone streets, parks, and notable historic buildings: the birthplace of Juliette Gordon Low (founder of the Girl Scouts of the USA), the Georgia Historical Society (the oldest continually operating historical society in the South), the Telfair Academy of Arts and Sciences (one of the South's first public museums), the First African Baptist Church (one of the oldest African-American Baptist congregations in the United States), Temple Mickve Israel (the third-oldest synagogue in America), and the Central of Georgia Railway roundhouse complex (the oldest standing antebellum rail facility in America).[4][7]

Savannah's downtown area, which includes the Savannah Historic District, the Savannah Victorian Historic District, and 22 parklike squares, is one of the largest National Historic Landmark Districts in the United States (designated by the U.S. government in 1966).[4][a] Downtown Savannah largely retains the original town plan prescribed by founder James Oglethorpe (a design now known as the Oglethorpe Plan). Savannah was the host city for the sailing competitions during the 1996 Summer Olympics held in Atlanta.

Savannah, Georgia
City of Savannah
Downtown Savannah viewed from Bay Street
Savannah Historic District
Forsyth Park
Congregation Mickve Israel
River Street
The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist
Talmadge Memorial Bridge with Port of Savannah in the background
Student Center at Savannah College of Art and Design
Savannah Victorian Historic District
Flag of Savannah, Georgia

Flag
Official seal of Savannah, Georgia

Seal
Nickname(s): 
"The Hostess City of the South"
Location within Chatham County
Location within Chatham County
Savannah, Georgia is located in Georgia (U.S. state)
Savannah, Georgia
Savannah, Georgia
Location within Georgia
Savannah, Georgia is located in the United States
Savannah, Georgia
Savannah, Georgia
Location within the United States
Coordinates: 32°1′N 81°7′W / 32.017°N 81.117°WCoordinates: 32°1′N 81°7′W / 32.017°N 81.117°W
Country United States
State Georgia
CountyChatham
Government
 • MayorEddie DeLoach (R)
 • City ManagerRob Hernandez
Area
 • City108.7 sq mi (281.5 km2)
 • Land103.1 sq mi (267.1 km2)
 • Water5.6 sq mi (14.4 km2)
Elevation
49 ft (15 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • City136,286
 • Estimate 
(2017)[1]
146,444
 • Density1,321/sq mi (510.1/km2)
 • Metro
389,494
 • Demonym
Savannahian
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
31401-31499
Area code(s)912
FIPS code13-69000[2]
GNIS feature ID0322590[3]
Websitesavannahga.gov
Savannah, GA City Hall IMG 4659
With its distinctive dome in tissue-paper-thin, 23-karat gold leaf, Savannah's City Hall (1906) is the first building constructed for exclusive use by the municipal government.
Oglethorpe statue in Savannah, GA IMG 4716
Statue of James Oglethorpe in Chippewa Square, completed in 1910 by Daniel Chester French

History

JamesOlethrope
General James Edward Oglethorpe, a philanthropist and a representative of King George II to the American colonies, was sent to create a buffer south of the Savannah River to protect the Carolinas from Spanish Florida and French Louisiana.

On February 12, 1733,[8] General James Oglethorpe and settlers from the ship Anne landed at Yamacraw Bluff and were greeted by Tomochichi, the Yamacraws, and Indian traders John and Mary Musgrove. Mary Musgrove often served as an interpreter. The city of Savannah was founded on that date, along with the colony of Georgia. In 1751, Savannah and the rest of Georgia became a Royal Colony and Savannah was made the colonial capital of Georgia.[9]

By the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, Savannah had become the southernmost commercial port in the Thirteen Colonies. British troops took the city in 1778, and the following year a combined force of American and French soldiers, including Haitians, failed to rout the British at the Siege of Savannah. The British did not leave the city until July 1782.[10] In December 1804 the state legislature declared Milledgeville the new capital of Georgia.

Savannah, a prosperous seaport throughout the nineteenth century, was the Confederacy's sixth most populous city and the prime objective of General William T. Sherman's March to the Sea. Early on December 21, 1864, local authorities negotiated a peaceful surrender to save Savannah from destruction, and Union troops marched into the city at dawn.[11]

Savannah was named for the Savannah River, which probably derives from variant names for the Shawnee, a Native American people who migrated to the river in the 1680s. The Shawnee destroyed another Native people, the Westo, and occupied their lands at the head of the Savannah River's navigation on the fall line, near present-day Augusta.[12] These Shawnee, whose Native name was Ša·wano·ki (literally, "southerners"),[13] were known by several local variants, including Shawano, Savano, Savana and Savannah.[14] Another theory is that the name Savannah refers to the extensive marshlands surrounding the river for miles inland, and is derived from the English term "savanna", a kind of tropical grassland, which was borrowed by the English from Spanish sabana and used in the Southern Colonies. (The Spanish word comes from the Taino word zabana.)[15] Still other theories suggest that the name Savannah originates from Algonquian terms meaning not only "southerners" but perhaps "salt".[16][17]

Geography

Savannah lies on the Savannah River, approximately 20 mi (32 km) upriver from the Atlantic Ocean.[18] According to the United States Census Bureau (2011), the city has a total area of 108.7 square miles (281.5 km2), of which 103.1 square miles (267.0 km2) is land and 5.6 square miles (15 km2) is water (5.15%). Savannah is the primary port on the Savannah River and the largest port in the state of Georgia. It is also located near the U.S. Intracoastal Waterway. Georgia's Ogeechee River flows toward the Atlantic Ocean some 16 miles (26 km) south of downtown Savannah, and forms the southern city limit.

Savannah is prone to flooding, due to abundant rainfall, an elevation at just above sea level, and the shape of the coastline, which poses a greater surge risk during hurricanes. The city currently uses five canals. In addition, several pumping stations have been built to help reduce the effects of flash flooding.[19]

Climate

Savannah's climate is classified as humid subtropical (Köppen Cfa). In the Deep South, this is characterized by long and almost tropical summers and short, mild winters. Savannah records few days of freezing temperatures each year (and has rare snowfall). Due to its proximity to the Atlantic coast, Savannah rarely experiences temperatures as extreme as those in Georgia's interior. Nevertheless, the extreme temperatures have officially ranged from 105 °F (41 °C), on July 20, 1986, down to 3 °F (−16 °C) during the January 1985 Arctic outbreak.[20]

Seasonally, Savannah tends to have hot and humid summers with frequent (but brief) thunderstorms that develop in the warm and tropical air masses, which are common. Although summers in Savannah are frequently sunny, half of Savannah's annual precipitation falls during the months of June through September. Average dewpoints in summer range from 67.8 to 71.6 °F (20 to 22 °C). Winters in Savannah are mild and sunny with average daily high temperatures close to 60 °F (16 °C). November and December are the driest months recorded at Savannah–Hilton Head International Airport. Each year, Savannah reports 24 days on average with low temperatures below freezing, though in some years fewer than 10 nights will fall below freezing. Although decades might pass between snowfall events, Savannah has experienced snow on rare occasions, most notably in December 1989, when up to 3.9 inches were recorded in one day in parts of the city.[21][22]

Savannah is at risk for hurricanes, particularly of the Cape Verde type of storms that take place during the peak of the season. Because of its location in the Georgia Bight (the arc of the Atlantic coastline in Georgia and northern Florida) as well as the tendency for hurricanes to re-curve up the coast, Savannah has a lower risk of hurricanes than some other coastal cities such as Charleston, South Carolina. Savannah was seldom affected by hurricanes during the 20th century, with one exception of being hit by Hurricane David in 1979.[23] However, the historical record shows that the city was frequently affected during the second half of the 19th century. The most prominent of these storms was the 1893 Sea Islands hurricane, which killed at least 2,000 people. (This estimate may be low, as deaths among the many impoverished rural African-Americans living on Georgia's barrier islands may not have been reported.)

Savannah was most recently affected by an active 2016 hurricane season, including Hurricane Matthew (which made a partial eyewall landfall),[24] and was brushed by Hurricane Irma in 2017.[25][26][27]

The first meteorological observations in Savannah probably occurred at Oglethorpe Barracks circa 1827, continuing intermittently until 1850 and resuming in 1866. The Signal Service began observations in 1874, and the National Weather Service has kept records of most data continually since then; since 1948, Savannah-Hilton Head International Airport has served as Savannah's official meteorological station. Annual records (dating back to 1950) from the airport's weather station are available on the web.[31]

Urban

Downtown Savannah skyline from the Savannah River

Downtown Savannah skyline from the Savannah River

Neighborhoods

Savannah Neighborhoods
Map of Savannah neighborhoods

Savannah is a city of diverse neighborhoods. More than 100 distinct neighborhoods can be identified in six principal areas of the city: Downtown (Landmark Historic District and Victorian District), Midtown, Southside, Eastside, Westside, and Southwest/West Chatham (recently annexed suburban neighborhoods).

Historic districts

Besides the Savannah Historic District, one of the nation's largest, four other historic districts have been formally demarcated:[32]

  • Victorian District
  • Cuyler-Brownsville District
  • Thomas Square Historic District
  • Pin Point Historic District

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18005,146
18105,2151.3%
18207,52344.3%
18307,303−2.9%
184011,21453.6%
185015,31236.5%
186022,29245.6%
187028,23526.7%
188030,7098.8%
189043,18940.6%
190054,24425.6%
191065,06419.9%
192083,25228.0%
193085,0242.1%
194095,99612.9%
1950119,63824.6%
1960149,24524.7%
1970118,349−20.7%
1980141,65419.7%
1990137,560−2.9%
2000131,510−4.4%
2010136,2863.6%
Est. 2017146,444[1]7.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[33]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Savannah's 2017 estimated population was 146,444, up from the official 2010 count of 136,286 residents.[1] The Census Bureau's 2018 estimated population of the Savannah metropolitan area, defined by the Census Bureau as Bryan, Chatham, and Effingham counties, was 389,494.[6] Between 2000 and 2010, Savannah's metro area had grown from 293,000 to 347,611, an increase of 18.6 percent.[34] Savannah is also the largest principal city of the Savannah-Hinesville-Statesboro Combined Statistical Area, a larger trading area that includes the Savannah and Hinesville metropolitan areas and (since 2012) the Statesboro Micropolitan Statistical Area. The 2018 estimated population of this area was 547,285, up from 495,745 at the 2010 Census.[35]

Race and ethnicity 2010- Savannah (5559843151)
Racial distribution map of Savannah and Chatham County (source: 2010 U.S. Census). Each dot represents 25 residents: white, black, Asian, Hispanic or other (yellow).

In the official 2010 census of Savannah, there were 136,286 people, 52,615 households, and 31,390 families residing in the city.[36] The population density was 1,759.5 people per square mile (679.4/km²). There were 57,437 housing units at an average density of 768.5 per square mile (296.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 55.04% Black, 38.03% White, 2.00% Asian, 0.03% Native American, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.93% from other races, and 2.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.07% of the population. Non-Hispanic Whites were 32.6% of the population in 2010,[36] compared to 46.2% in 1990.[37]

There were 51,375 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.2% were married couples living together, 21.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.9% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city, the age distribution was as follows: 25.6% were under the age of 18, 13.2% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,038, and the median income for a family was $36,410. Males had a median income of $28,545 versus $22,309 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,921. About 17.7% of families and 21.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.4% of those under age 18 and 15.1% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Savannah, Georgia, US City Hall
A different view of City Hall
Savannah Aldermanic Districts
Map of official Savannah Aldermanic Districts

Savannah adopted a council-manager form of government in 1954. The city council consists of the mayor and eight aldermen, six of whom are elected from one of six aldermanic districts, with each district electing one member. The other two members and the mayor are elected at-large.

Savannah Mayoral Race 2015
Results of most recent Savannah mayoral election runoff (2015) by city precinct

The council levies taxes, enacts ordinances, adopts the annual budget, and appoints the City Manager.[38] The City Manager enacts the policies and programs established by council, recommends an annual budget and work programs, appoints bureau and department heads, and exercises general supervision and control over all employees of the city.[38]

Police, fire department, and Savannah-Chatham consolidation

In 2003 Savannah and Chatham County voted to merge their city and county police departments. The Savannah-Chatham Metropolitan Police Department was established on January 1, 2005, after the Savannah Police Department and Chatham County Police Department merged. The department has a number of specialty units, including: K-9, SWAT, Bomb Squad, Marine Patrol, Dive, Air Support and Mounted Patrol. The 9-1-1 Communications Dispatch Center handles all 9-1-1 calls for service within the county and city, including fire and EMS. The Savannah Fire Department only serves the City of Savannah and remains separate from the other municipal firefighting organizations in Chatham County.

While some see the police merger as a step toward city-county consolidation, Savannah is actually one of eight incorporated cities or towns in Chatham County. (The others are Bloomingdale, Garden City, Pooler, Port Wentworth, Thunderbolt, Tybee Island and Vernonburg). Although these seven smaller localities would remain independent from a consolidated government, they have long opposed any efforts to adopt a city-county merger. One fear is that consolidation would reduce county funding to areas outside of Savannah.

In February 2018, the city and county governments ended the police department merger. This reestablished both the Savannah Police Department and the Chatham County Police Department, which operate as two separate agencies.[39]

State representation

The Georgia Department of Corrections operates the Coastal State Prison in Savannah.[40][41]

Economy

Eugene Talmadge Memorial Bridge
A container ship leaves the Port of Savannah after passing under the Talmadge Memorial Bridge and proceeding down the Savannah River past the Savannah Historic District.

Agriculture was essential to Savannah's economy during its first two centuries. Silk and indigo production, both in demand in England, were early export commodities. By 1767, almost a ton of silk per year was exported to England.[42]

Georgia's mild climate offered perfect conditions for growing cotton, which became the dominant commodity after the American Revolution. Its production under the plantation system and shipment through the Port of Savannah helped the city's European immigrants to achieve wealth and prosperity.

In the nineteenth century, the Port of Savannah became one of the most active in the United States, and Savannahians had the opportunity to consume some of the world's finest goods, imported by foreign merchants. Savannah's port has always been a mainstay of the city's economy. In the early years of the United States, goods produced in the New World had to pass through Atlantic ports such as Savannah's before they could be shipped to England.

Between 1912 and 1968, the Savannah Machine & Foundry Company was a shipbuilder in Savannah.[43]

The Port of Savannah, manufacturing, the military, and tourism have become Savannah's four major economic drivers in the twenty-first century. In 2006, the Savannah Area Convention & Visitors Bureau reported over 6.85 million visitors to the city during the year. By 2011, the Bureau reported that the number of visitors the city attracted increased to 12.1 million. Lodging, dining, entertainment, and visitor-related transportation account for over $2 billion in visitors' spending per year and employ over 17,000.

For years, Savannah was the home of Union Camp, which housed the world's largest paper mill. The plant is now owned by International Paper, and it remains one of Savannah's largest employers. Savannah is also home to the Gulfstream Aerospace company, maker of private jets, as well as various other large industrial interests. TitleMax is headquartered in Savannah. Morris Multimedia, a newspaper and television company, is also based in Savannah.

In 2000, JCB, the third largest producer of construction equipment in the world and the leading manufacturer of backhoes and telescopic handlers, built its North American headquarters in Chatham County near Savannah in Pooler on I-95 near Savannah-Hilton Head International Airport.

In 2009-2017, Savannah was North America's fourth largest port for shipping container traffic.[44][45]

Arts and culture

Beyond its architectural significance as being the nation's largest, historically restored urban area, the city of Savannah has a rich and growing performing arts scene, offering cultural events throughout the year.

Books and literature

  • The Savannah Book Festival – an annual book fair held on Presidents' Day weekend in the vicinity of historic Telfair and Wright squares, includes free presentations by more than 35 contemporary authors. Special events with featured writers are offered at nominal cost throughout the year.[46]
  • Flannery O'Connor Childhood Home[47] – a museum house dedicated to the work and life of the acclaimed fiction writer Flannery O'Connor, who was born in Savannah and lived in the city until the age of fifteen.[48] In addition to its museum, the house offers literary programming, including the annual Ursrey Lecture honoring American fiction writers.[49]

Dance

Savannah Ballet Theatre – established in 1998 as a nonprofit organization, it has grown to become the city's largest dance company.[50]

Music

Savannah GA USA Lucas Theater
Lucas Theatre for the Arts
  • The Coastal Jazz Association – presents a variety of jazz performances throughout the year in addition to hosting the annual Savannah Jazz Festival.[51]
  • Savannah Children's Choir – non-profit, auditioned choir for children in 2nd through 8th grades that performs throughout the community and in annual holiday and spring concerts.[52]
  • Savannah Concert Association – presents a variety of guest artists for chamber music performances each season. Performances are generally held in the Lucas Theatre For The Arts.[53]
  • Savannah Music Festival – an annual music festival of diverse artists which is Georgia's largest musical arts festival and is nationally recognized as one of the best music festivals in the world.
  • The Savannah Orchestra – Savannah's professional orchestra, which presents an annual season of classical and popular concert performances.[54]
  • The Savannah Philharmonic – professional orchestral and choral organization presenting year round concerts (classical, pops, education).[55]
  • The Savannah Winds – amateur concert band hosted by the music department of Armstrong State University.[56]
  • The Armstrong Youth Orchestra – Savannah's professional orchestra for elementary, middle school, high school and some college students.[57]
  • Annual Haitian Flag Day  – an annual festival of diverse artists, music, and various festivities.

Theater and performance

  • Muse Arts Warehouse – founded in 2010, Muse Arts Warehouse is a nonprofit organization committed to community-building through the arts by providing a venue that is available, affordable, and accessible to Savannah's individual artists, arts organizations and the public.[58]
  • Savannah Children's Theatre – a non-profit, year-round drama theater company geared toward offering elementary through high school students (and adults) opportunities for participation in dramatic and musical productions.[59]
  • Savannah Community Theatre – a full theater season with a diverse programming schedule, featuring some of Savannah's finest actors in an intimate, three-quarter-round space.[60]
  • Little Theatre of Savannah – founded in 1950, The Little Theatre of Savannah, Inc., is a nonprofit, volunteer-based community organization dedicated to the celebration of the theater arts. Recognizing the unique social value, expressive fulfillment and opportunity for personal growth that theater provides its participants, the Little Theatre of Savannah invites all members of the community to participate both on- and off-stage.[61]
  • The Savannah Theatre – Savannah's only fully professional resident theater, producing music revues with live singers, dancers and the most rockin' band in town. Performances happen year-round, with several different titles and a holiday show.[62]
  • Lucas Theatre for the Arts – founded in December 1921, the Lucas Theatre is one of several theaters owned by the Savannah College of Art and Design. It hosts the annual Savannah Film Festival.
  • Trustees Theater – once known as the Weis Theater, which opened February 14, 1946, this theater reopened as the Trustees Theater on May 9, 1998, and hosts a variety of performances and concerts sponsored by the Savannah College of Art and Design. SCAD also owns the building.
  • Odd Lot Improv – founded in 2010, a family-friendly improv comedy troupe performing weekly shows on Mondays and Fridays.[63]
  • House of Gunt – alternative drag collective founded in 2013 with monthly shows at Club One on top of other performances around the city throughout the year.[64]

Visual and community arts

  • Art Rise Savannah, Inc. – a local community nonprofit devoted to increasing access to the arts and improving opportunities for artists in the city.[65]

Points of interest

Confederate Memorial; Savannah, Georgia
Confederate Memorial in Forsyth Park
German Memorial Fountain in Savannah, Georgia IMG 4714
The German Memorial Fountain was erected in 1989 to honor the accomplishments of German-Americans in Savannah.
Historic carriage tour, Savannah, GA IMG 4726
A carriage from Historic Carriage Tours of Savannah pauses at the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist.
Downtown Savannah, GA, houses IMG 4731
Typical houses in the Savannah Historic District; these are located near the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist.

Savannah's architecture, history, and reputation for Southern charm and hospitality are internationally known. The city's former promotional name was "Hostess City of the South," a phrase still used by the city government.[66][67] An earlier nickname was "the Forest City", in reference to the large population and species of oak trees that flourish in the Savannah area. These trees were especially valuable in shipbuilding during the 19th century.[68] In 2014, Savannah attracted 13.5 million visitors from across the country and around the world.[69] Savannah's downtown area is one of the largest National Historic Landmark Districts in the United States.[9]

The city's location offers visitors access to the coastal islands and the Savannah Riverfront, both popular tourist destinations. Tybee Island, formerly known as "Savannah Beach", is the site of the Tybee Island Light Station, the first lighthouse on the southern Atlantic coast. Other picturesque towns adjacent to Savannah include the shrimping village of Thunderbolt and three residential areas that began as summer resort communities for Savannahians: Beaulieu, Vernonburg, and the Isle of Hope.

The Savannah International Trade & Convention Center is located on Hutchinson Island, across from downtown Savannah and surrounded by the Savannah River. The Belles Ferry connects the island with the mainland, as does the Eugene Talmadge Memorial Bridge.

The Georgia Historical Society, an independent educational and research institution, has a research center in Savannah. The research center's library and archives hold the oldest collection of materials related to Georgia history.

The Savannah Civic Center on Montgomery Street is host to more than nine hundred events each year.

Savannah has consistently been named one of "America's Favorite Cities" by Travel + Leisure. In 2012, the magazine rated Savannah highest in "Quality of Life and Visitor Experience."[70] Savannah was also ranked first for "Public Parks and Outdoor Access," visiting in the Fall, and as a romantic escape.[71] Savannah was also named as America's second-best city for "Cool Buildings and Architecture," behind only Chicago.[72]

Squares

Savannah's historic district has 22 squares (Ellis Square, demolished in 1954, was fully restored in early 2010).[73][74] The squares vary in size and character, from the formal fountain and monuments of the largest, Johnson, to the playgrounds of the smallest, Crawford. Elbert, Ellis, and Liberty Squares are classified as the three "lost squares," destroyed in the course of urban development during the 1950s. Elbert and Liberty Squares were paved over to make way for a realignment of U.S. highway 17, while Ellis Square was demolished to build the City Market parking garage. The city restored Ellis Square after razing the City Market parking garage. The garage has been rebuilt as an underground facility, the Whitaker Street Parking Garage, and it opened in January 2009. The newly restored Ellis Square opened in March 2010.[75] Separate efforts are now under way to revive Elbert and Liberty Squares. Franklin Square is the site of Savannah's Haitian Monument, which commemorates the heroic efforts of the Chasseurs-Volontaires de Saint-Domingue in the 1779 Siege of Savannah and for an independent America. One of the few black regiments to fight for the American side in the Revolutionary War, the soldiers were recruited from present-day Haiti, until 1804 the French colony of Saint-Domingue.

Historic churches and synagogues

Xvisionxstjohncathedralsavannah
Cathedral of St. John the Baptist

Savannah has numerous historic houses of worship.

Founded in 1733, with the establishment of the Georgia colony, Christ Church (Episcopal) is the longest continuous Christian congregation in Georgia. Early rectors include the Methodist evangelists John Wesley and George Whitefield. Located on the original site on Johnson Square, Christ Church continues as an active congregation.

The Independent Presbyterian Church (Savannah, Georgia), which was founded in 1755, is located near Chippewa Square. The church's current sanctuary (its third) dates from the early 1890s.

The First Bryan Baptist Church is an African-American church that was organized by Andrew Bryan in 1788. The site was purchased in 1793 by Bryan, a former slave who had also purchased his freedom. The first structure was erected there in 1794. By 1800, the congregation was large enough to split: those at Bryan Street took the name of First African Baptist Church, and Second and Third African Baptist churches were also established.[76] The current sanctuary of First Bryan Baptist Church was constructed in 1873.

In 1832, a controversy over doctrine caused the First African Baptist congregation at Bryan Street to split. Some members left, taking with them the name of First African Baptist Church. In 1859, the members of this new congregation (most of whom were slaves) built their current church building on Franklin Square.[76]

In 1874, the St. Benedict the Moor Church was founded in Savannah, the first African-American Catholic church in Georgia, and one of the oldest in the Southeast.[77]

The oldest standing house of worship is First Baptist Church, Savannah (1833), located on Chippewa Square. Other historic houses of worship in Savannah include: Cathedral of St. John the Baptist (Roman Catholic), Temple Mickve Israel (the third oldest synagogue in the U.S.),[4] and St. John's Church (Episcopal).

Historic homes

SavannahGA SorrelWeed
Sorrel-Weed House

Among the historic homes that have been preserved are: the Olde Pink House, the Sorrel-Weed House, Juliette Gordon Low's birthplace, the Davenport House Museum, the Green-Meldrim House, the Owens-Thomas House, the William Scarbrough House, and the Wormsloe plantation of Noble Jones. The Mercer-Williams House, the former home of Jim Williams, is the main location of Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil.

Historic cemeteries

Colonial Park Cemetery (an early graveyard dating back to the English colony of Georgia), Laurel Grove Cemetery (with the graves of many Confederate soldiers and African American slaves) and Bonaventure Cemetery (a former plantation and the final resting place for some illustrious Savannahians).

Historic forts

Fort Jackson, not associated with Andrew Jackson, one mile east of Savannah's Historic District, was originally built between 1808 and 1812 to protect the city from attack by sea. During the Civil War, it became one of three Confederate forts defending Savannah from Union forces. Fort Pulaski National Monument, located 17 miles (27 km) east of Savannah, preserves the largest fort protecting Savannah during the Civil War. The Union Army attacked Fort Pulaski in 1862, with the aid of a new rifled cannon that effectively rendered brick fortifications obsolete.

Other registered historic sites

River St in Savannah, Georgia
River Street
African-American Monument, Savannah, GA, US
The African-American Families Monument, Savannah Riverfront

Shopping

Various centers for shopping exist about the city including Abercorn Common, Savannah Historic District, Oglethorpe Mall, Savannah Mall and Abercorn Walk.

Other attractions

  • Club One – home of The Lady Chablis and featured in the 1994 book and 1997 film Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil.[83]
  • Coastal Georgia Botanical Gardens – a developing botanical garden located at Bamboo Farm, a former USDA plant-introduction station south of Savannah that began operations in 1919.
  • Oatland Island Wildlife Center – located east of Savannah, a facility owned and operated by the Savannah-Chatham County Board of Education and featuring wildlife from surrounding coastal Georgia and South Carolina.
  • Ossabaw Island – an environmentally protected and commercially undeveloped barrier island south of Savannah.
  • Pinkie Masters Bar – a popular Savannah watering hole and the site of presidential visits and political campaigns. Pinkie Masters was a local political figure and a friend of President Jimmy Carter, who made several visits to the bar and the city.
  • Pirates' House – historic restaurant and tavern located in downtown Savannah.
  • Skidaway Island – an affluent suburban community south of Savannah that hosts Skidaway Island State Park, the University of Georgia Aquarium and the Skidaway Institute of Oceanography.
  • Tybee Island – popular Atlantic resort town 17 mi (27 km) east of Savannah, with public beaches, a lighthouse, and other attractions.

Sports and recreation

Portions of the East Coast Greenway, a 3,000-mile-long system of trails from Maine to Florida, run through Savannah.

Professional sport teams

Club Sport League Venue Championships Notes
Savannah Braves Baseball Southern League Grayson Stadium 0 1971–1983
Savannah Cardinals Baseball South Atlantic League Grayson Stadium 2 (1993, 1994) 1984–1995
Savannah Sand Gnats Baseball South Atlantic League Grayson Stadium 2 (1996, 2013) 1996–2016
Savannah Bananas Baseball Coastal Plain League Grayson Stadium 1 (2016) 2016–present
Savannah Spirits Basketball Continental Basketball Association Savannah Civic Center 0 1986–1988
Savannah Wildcats Basketball Continental Basketball League Georgia Southern University-Armstrong Campus 1 (2010) 2010–present
Savannah Storm Basketball East Coast Basketball League Savannah High School 2014–present
Savannah Steam American football American Indoor Football Tiger Arena 2015–present

College teams

Club Affiliation Conference Venues Notes
Armstrong State Pirates (Armstrong's athletic program was discontinued after the 2016–17 season during the university's consolidation with Georgia Southern University) NCAA Division II Peach Belt Conference Alumni Arena
Savannah College of Art and Design Bees NAIA Florida Sun Conference SCAD Athletic Complex, Ronald C. Waranch Equestrian Center
Savannah State Tigers NCAA Division I (FCS) MEAC Tiger Arena, Ted Wright Stadium

Education

2008.06.02.184103 Student Center Savannah GA USA
Student center of SCAD, Savannah campus (the building was formerly a synagogue)
Savannah Law School Front
Savannah Law School (the building once housed the original Candler Hospital)

Savannah hosts four colleges and universities offering bachelor's, master's, and professional or doctoral degree programs: Georgia Southern University-Armstrong Campus, Savannah College of Art and Design (SCAD), Savannah State University, and South University. In addition, Georgia Tech Savannah offers certificate programs, and Georgia Southern University has a satellite campus in the downtown area. Savannah Technical College, a two-year technical institution and the Skidaway Institute of Oceanography, a marine science research institute of the University of Georgia located on the northern end of Skidaway Island, offer educational programs as well. Savannah is also the location of Ralston College, a liberal arts college founded in 2010.[84]

Mercer University began a four-year doctor of medicine program in August 2008 at Memorial University Medical Center. Mercer, with its main campus in Macon, received additional state funding in 2007 to expand its existing partnership with Memorial by establishing a four-year medical school in Savannah (the first in southern Georgia). Third- and fourth-year Mercer students have completed two-year clinical rotations at Memorial since 1996; approximately 100 residents are trained each year in a number of specialities. The expanded program opened in August 2008 with 30 first-year students.

In 2012, Savannah Law School opened in the historic Candler building on Forsyth Park. The school is fully ABA-accredited and offers full-time as well as part-time programs leading to the juris doctor degree.[85] In early 2018, however, the administration announced that the school would close at the end of the spring semester.[86]

Savannah is also home to most of the schools in the Chatham County school district, the Savannah-Chatham County Public Schools.

Notable secondary schools in Savannah-Chatham County include the following. (Public schools are indicated with an asterisk.)

Oatland Island Wildlife Center of Savannah [d] is also a part of Savannah-Chatham County Public Schools. An environmental education center, it serves thousands of students from schools throughout the Southeastern United States. Located east of Savannah on a marsh island, it features a 2-mile (3.2 km) Native Animal Nature Trail that winds through maritime forest, salt marsh, and freshwater wetlands. Along the trail, visitors can observe native animals, such as Florida panthers, Eastern timber wolves, and alligators in their natural habitat.

Media

Savannah's major television stations are WSAV-TV, channel 3 (NBC); WTOC-TV, channel 11 (CBS); WJCL, channel 22 (ABC); and WTGS, channel 28 (Fox). Two PBS member stations serve the city: WVAN (channel 9), part of Georgia Public Broadcasting; and WJWJ-TV (channel 16), part of SCETV.

Other stations include channel 3.2 (The CW); and WXSX-CA, channel 46 (MTV2).

The Savannah Morning News is Savannah's only daily newspaper. The Savannah Tribune and the Savannah Herald are weekly newspapers with a focus on Savannah's African American community. Connect Savannah is an alternative free weekly newspaper focused on local news, culture and music.[87][88] The Coastal Buzz is the metro area's only media company dedicated to "positive news." It is owned by Positive Life Media.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Cobblestone street in Savannah, GA, US
Old Savannah cobblestone, Historic District

Savannah/Hilton Head International Airport is located off Interstate 95 west of Savannah. Airlines serving this airport include Air Canada Express, Delta, Delta Connection, JetBlue, United Express, Vision Airlines and American Eagle. Until September 2008, DayJet provided on-demand air transportation service between Savannah and cities throughout the Southeast.

Amtrak operates a passenger terminal at Savannah for its Palmetto and Silver Service trains, which run between New York City and Miami. (Three southbound and three northbound trains make daily stops at the Savannah terminal).

Public transit throughout the region is provided by Chatham Area Transit.

The DOT (Downtown Transportation) system provides fare free transportation in the Historic District.[89] Services include express shuttle buses, the River Street Streetcar, and a ferry to Hutchinson Island and the Savannah International Trade and Convention Center.[89]

Interstates and major highways

  • I-95 Interstate 95 — Runs north–south just west of the city; provides access to Savannah/Hilton Head International Airport and intersects with Interstate 16, which leads into the city's center.
  • I-16 Interstate 16 — Terminates in downtown Savannah at Liberty and Montgomery streets, and intersects with Interstate 95 and Interstate 516.
  • I-516 Interstate 516 — An urban perimeter highway connecting southside Savannah, at DeRenne Avenue, with the industrialized port area of the city to the north; intersects with the Veterans Parkway and Interstate 16 as well. Also known as Lynes Parkway.
  • U.S. Route 80 U.S. Route 80 (Victory Drive) — Runs east–west through midtown Savannah and connects the city with the town of Thunderbolt and the islands of Whitemarsh, Talahi, Wilmington and Tybee. Merges with the Islands Expressway and serves as the only means of reaching the Atlantic Ocean by automobile.
  • U.S. Route 17 U.S. Route 17 (Ocean Highway) — Runs north–south from Richmond Hill, through southside Savannah, into Garden City, back into west Savannah with a spur onto I-516, then I-16, and finally continuing over the Talmadge Memorial Bridge into South Carolina.
  • State Route 204 (Georgia) State Route 204 (Abercorn Expressway) — An extension of Abercorn Street that begins at 37th Street in midtown (which is its northern point) and terminates at Rio Road and the Forest River at its southern point, and serves as the primary traffic and commercial artery linking downtown, midtown and southside sections of the city.
  • Harry S. Truman Parkway — Runs through eastside Savannah, connecting the east end of downtown with southside neighborhoods. Construction began in 1990 and opened in phases (the last phase, connecting with Abercorn Street, was completed in 2014).
  • Veterans Parkway — Links Interstate 516 and southside/midtown Savannah with southside Savannah, and is intended to move traffic quicker from north–south by avoiding high-volume Abercorn Street. Also known as the Southwest Bypass.
  • Islands Expressway — An extension of President Street to facilitate traffic moving between downtown Savannah, the barrier islands and the beaches of Tybee Island.

Crime

SCMPD Precincts
Map showing precincts of Savannah-Chatham Metropolitan Police Department.

The total number of violent crimes in the Savannah-Chatham County reporting area ran just above 1,000 per year from 2003 through 2006. In 2007, however, the total number of violent crimes jumped to 1,163. Savannah-Chatham has recorded between 20 and 25 homicides each year since 2005.

In 2007, Savannah-Chatham recorded a sharp increase in home burglaries but a sharp decrease in larcenies from parked automobiles. During the same year, statistics show a 29 percent increase in arrests for Part 1 crimes.[90]

An additional increase in burglaries occurred in 2008 with 2,429 residential burglaries reported to Savannah-Chatham police that year. That reflects an increase of 668 incidents from 2007. In 2007, there were 1,761 burglaries, according to metro police data.[91]

Savannah-Chatham police report that crimes reported in 2009 came in down 6 percent from 2008.

In 2009, 11,782 crimes were reported to metro police — 753 fewer than in 2008. Within that 2009 number is a 12.2 percent decrease in violent crimes when compared with 2008. Property crimes saw a 5.3 percent decline, which included a 5.2 percent reduction in residential burglary. In 2008, residential burglary was up by almost 40 percent. While some violent crimes increased in 2009, crimes like street robbery went down significantly. In 2009, 30 homicides were reported, four more than the year before. Also, 46 rapes were reported, nine more than the year before. In the meantime, street robbery decreased by 23 percent. In 2008, metro police achieved a 90 percent clearance rate for homicide cases, which was described as exceptional by violent crimes unit supervisors. In 2009, the department had a clearance rate of 53 percent, which police attributed to outstanding warrants and grand jury presentations.[92]

The SCMPD provide the public with up to date crime report information through an online mapping service. This information can be found here.[93]

2015 saw a dramatic increase in the number of violent crimes, including at least 54 deaths due to gun violence, a number not seen since the early 1990s.[94]

The first quarter of 2018 saw crime trending downward, compared to 2017.[95]

Sister cities

Savannah has six sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International: [96]

Unincorporated suburbs of Savannah

Savannah's unincorporated suburbs within Chatham County include several located on urbanized barrier islands east of the city.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Savannah had 24 original squares. Today, 22 are still in existence. See Squares of Savannah, Georgia for additional information.
  2. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
  3. ^ Official records for Savannah were kept at downtown from January 1871 to April 1945, Hunter Field from May 1945 to September 1950, and at Savannah/Hilton Head Int'l since October 1950. For more information, see ThreadEx.
  4. ^ Oatland Island Wildlife Center of Savannah was named the Oatland Island Education Center until a name change in 2007.

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Further reading

  • Coffey, Thomas F., Jr. 1994). Only in Savannah: Stories and Insights on Georgia's Mother City. Savannah: Frederic C. Beil. ISBN 0-913720-84-4.
  • Coffey, Thomas F., Jr. (1997). Savannah Lore and More. Savannah: Frederic C. Beil. ISBN 0-913720-92-5. OCLC 37238907.
  • Dick, Susan (2001). Savannah, Georgia. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Pub. ISBN 0-7385-0688-5. OCLC 47253807.
  • Elmore, Charles (2002). Savannah, Georgia. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Pub. ISBN 0-7385-1408-X. OCLC 54852532.
  • Russell, Preston, and Barbara Hines (1992). Savannah: A History of Her People Since 1733. Savannah: Frederic C. Beil. ISBN 0-913720-80-1. OCLC 613303710.
  • Smith, Derek (1997). Civil War Savannah. Savannah: Frederic C. Beil. ISBN 0-913720-93-3. OCLC 37221004.

External links

Desmond Harrington

Desmond Harrington (born October 19, 1976) is an American actor. He has appeared in The Hole (2001), Ghost Ship (2002), and Wrong Turn (2003), joined the cast of the Showtime series Dexter in its third season, as Det. Joseph "Joey" Quinn, and appeared in some episodes of Gossip Girl.

First African Baptist Church (Savannah, Georgia)

First African Baptist Church, located in Savannah, Georgia claims to be derived from the first black Baptist congregation in North America. While it was not officially organized until 1788, it grew from members who founded a congregation in 1773. Its claim of "first" is contested by the Silver Bluff Baptist Church, Aiken County, South Carolina (1773), and the First Baptist Church of Petersburg, Virginia, whose congregation officially organized in 1774.First African Baptist Church operates a museum which displays memorabilia dating back to the 18th century.

Grayson Stadium

William L. Grayson Stadium is a stadium in Savannah, Georgia. It is primarily used for baseball, and is the home field of the Savannah Bananas of the Coastal Plain League collegiate summer baseball league. It was also the part-time home of the Savannah State University college baseball team. It was also used from 1927 until 1959 for the annual Thanksgiving Day game between Savannah High School and Benedictine Military School. Known as "Historic Grayson Stadium" it was built in 1926. It holds 4,000 people.

List of tallest buildings in Savannah

This list of tallest buildings in Savannah ranks skyscrapers and other buildings by height in the U.S. city of Savannah, Georgia. Based on floor counts, the tallest building in Savannah is the Stillwell Towers, at 20 floors, followed by the Westin Savannah Harbor Resort & Spa, at 16 floors, and then the 2 East Bryan Street Tower, at 15 floors.

Moxley Sorrel

Gilbert Moxley Sorrel (February 23, 1838 – August 10, 1901) was a staff officer and Brigadier-General in the Provisional Army of the Confederate States.

Oglethorpe Mall

Oglethorpe Mall is a super-regional shopping mall on the Southside of Savannah, Georgia, United States.

Named after General James Oglethorpe, the founder of Savannah, the mall has expanded since its opening in 1969 to nearly one million square feet. Among its features are several restaurants, a food court, and 118 stores. It is anchored by Belk, J. C. Penney, and Macy's. The center also features junior anchors Barnes & Noble, Old Navy, Stein Mart, and DSW. It is owned by Brookfield Properties Retail Group.

Ray McKinney

Raymond Louis "Ray" McKinney (born June 20, 1962) is a mechanical services manager from Savannah, Georgia, and was the Republican Party nominee for the U.S. House of Representatives in Georgia's 12th congressional district in 2010. He was a candidate for President of the United States in the Republican primaries in 2008, but withdrew on November 14, 2007.

Savannah (TV series)

Savannah is an American prime time television soap opera that ran from January 21, 1996 to February 24, 1997 on The WB. It was created by Constance M. Burge and produced by Aaron Spelling. It was the first one hour program to air on The WB network.

Savannah Tribune

The Savannah Tribune is a weekly African-American newspaper published in Savannah, Georgia.

Savannah metropolitan area

The Savannah metropolitan area is centered on the principal city of Savannah, Georgia. The official name given by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is the Savannah, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is used for statistical purposes by the United States Census Bureau and other entities. The OMB defines this area as consisting of Bryan, Chatham, and Effingham counties in Georgia; its total population was estimated at 389,494 in 2018. In the official 2010 census, the Savannah MSA had a population of 347,611, an 18.6 percent increase from the 2000 population of 293,000. The Savannah MSA is the third most populous of fourteen Georgia MSAs (ranked after Atlanta and

Augusta) as well as one of the fastest-growing metro areas in the state for the period 2000-2010 (exceeded only by Atlanta, Gainesville, Warner Robins and Brunswick).

Sleepy Brown

Patrick "Sleepy" Brown (born January 24, 1970) is an American singer-songwriter and record producer from Savannah, Georgia. He is one-third of the successful Atlanta-based production team of Organized Noize, which has created hits for acts such as OutKast, Goodie Mob, and TLC. TLC's "Waterfalls", penned by Brown and Organized Noize's Rico Wade and Ray Murray, was a #1 hit single on Billboard's Hot 100 in the summer of 1995.

Tiger Arena

Tiger Arena is a 5,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Savannah, Georgia, United States. It is home to the Savannah State University Tigers men's and women's basketball teams and women's volleyball team. Tiger Arena has previously hosted the Georgia High School Association boys and girls playoffs (first round), the annual Georgia Athletic Coaches Association's North-South All-Star Game (2003-2008), and the Savannah Holiday Classic high school girls basketball tournament. It was also home to the Savannah Steam of American Indoor Football.

USS Pigeon (AM-374)

USS Pigeon (AM-374) was an Auk-class minesweeper acquired by the United States Navy for the dangerous task of removing mines from minefields laid in the water to prevent ships from passing.

Pigeon was laid down 10 November 1944 by the Savannah Machine and Foundry Co., Savannah, Georgia; launched 28 March 1945; sponsored by Miss Jean Ross; and commissioned at Savannah on 30 October 1945, Lt. Comdr. Robert S. Cathcart in command.

WBMQ

WBMQ (630 kHz) is a commercial AM radio station in Savannah, Georgia. It is owned by Cumulus Media and airs a talk radio format. The studios and offices are on Television Circle in Savannah. The transmitter is off Dulany Avenue near the Savannah River.WBMQ's weekday schedule is made up of mostly syndicated conservative talk shows from the co-owned Westwood One Network. They include Michael Savage, Chris Plante, Mark Levin, Clark Howard, Phil Valentine, John Batchelor, Red Eye Radio and America in the Morning with John Trout. Most hours begin with Westwood One News. NBC-TV network affiliate WSAV-TV 3 supplies WBMQ with some local news and weather. (At one time, the two stations had been co-owned.)

WEAS-FM

WEAS-FM is a mainstream urban radio station licensed to Springfield, Georgia, but serving the Savannah Area. The station is owned by Cumulus Media. Its studios are located on Television Circle in Savannah and utilizes a transmitter located west of the city in unincorporated Chatham County.

WEAS(FM) began operation in 1968 as an easy listening station to counter the country music format of the sister AM station (which had formerly been WJIV, with an R&B format, until 1960, and later as WEAS with the country format); the station's format was freeform progressive rock in the early part of the next decade. By the mid 1970s, the FM station switched to a similar urban format as today, as did the sister AM station, prior to it being sold and changed to a sports information station. The AM and FM stations were used to be owned by E.D. "Dee" Rivers, Jr, son of a former governor of Georgia.

WEAS-FM was licensed to Savannah, but moved to Springfield in order to allow WTYB to move to Tybee Island, in the Savannah metropolitan area. The station has historically targeted the African-American population in the Savannah area.

WEAS-FM was automated in its first few years, but changed to a live DJ when the format was changed from Easy Listening to R&B.

WGCO

WGCO (98.3 FM, "Hot 98-3") is a commercial radio station licensed to Midway, Georgia. Owned by Dick Broadcasting, it broadcasts a contemporary hit radio format targeted towards Savannah and Brunswick. Its studios are in Savannah, while the transmitter is near Townsend, Georgia.

WIXV

WIXV (95.5 FM, "I-95") is a Classic rock formatted radio station targeted to Savannah, Georgia, United States. It is owned by Cumulus Broadcasting. Its studios are located on Television Circle in Savannah and utilizes a transmitter located west of the city in unincorporated Chatham County. The station takes its I-95 branding from Interstate 95, which runs through the Savannah area, only skirting city proper on the west.

The station started as in 1972 as WSGF (95SGF), a Top 40-leaning adult contemporary station. The station was highly successful against other competitors such as 1400 AM and Z102. By 1983, seeing the gap left by Wave 97 when they dropped album rock earlier that year, WSGF had become WIXV and added more hard rock to the playlist. In 1986 I-95 became Savannah's full-time rock station.

Since then WIXV has been a Hybrid Mix of Classic and Newer rock. WIXV featured John Boy and Billy in the mornings for 15 years until they switched to the Bob and Tom show in January 2014. The station's program director is Don Scott, who moved from Miami to Savannah to help make WIXV #1 for Rock. Don worked for legendary rock stations in Ft Lauderdale & Miami before coming to Savannah. WIXV/I-95 has a 100 kW signal that stretches up through South Carolina to the north and past Brunswick to the south. WIXV was the first to feature live bands on the St. Patrick's day floats, and to have the annual Rock Babe Calendar and Summer Concert series which have since become benchmarks for this Heritage Station. Lyndsey Marie joined the station in January 2015 and adds to the line up which includes....Bob & Tom Mornings 6-10am....Lyndsey Marie: Midday's 10-2pm...Don Scott: Afternoons 2-7pm and Sarah Nights 7-12mid

Former personalities: Mike Roberts 1999-2004. Jeff Taylor 1995-2003.

In 2005-2006 the night DJ was named "Caveman".[1] Luke Walker 6-10pm 2006-2009 Jay Sinclair: 2007-2012 Mike Miller: 2012-2014 "Downtown Dana Brown": 1988-2007

WJCL-FM

WJCL-FM (96.5 FM), known as "Kix 96", is a radio station in Savannah, Georgia featuring country music. WJCL-FM is a 100,000 watt FM station which serves as the secondary Emergency Alert System radio station for the region. Its studios are located on Television Circle in Savannah and utilizes a transmitter located west of the city in unincorporated Chatham County.

WTYB

WTYB (103.9 FM) is a radio station licensed to serve Bluffton, Georgia, United States. The station is owned by Cumulus Broadcasting.

It broadcasts an Urban AC music format targeted to Savannah, Georgia.

Climate data for Savannah, Georgia (Savannah/Hilton Head Int'l), 1981–2010 normals,[b] extremes 1871–present[c]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 84
(29)
86
(30)
94
(34)
95
(35)
101
(38)
104
(40)
105
(41)
104
(40)
102
(39)
97
(36)
89
(32)
83
(28)
105
(41)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 76.3
(24.6)
79.6
(26.4)
84.3
(29.1)
89.4
(31.9)
93.6
(34.2)
98.0
(36.7)
99.3
(37.4)
97.6
(36.4)
94.0
(34.4)
88.6
(31.4)
82.8
(28.2)
77.6
(25.3)
100.3
(37.9)
Average high °F (°C) 60.4
(15.8)
64.3
(17.9)
70.9
(21.6)
77.6
(25.3)
84.6
(29.2)
89.9
(32.2)
92.4
(33.6)
90.6
(32.6)
86.0
(30.0)
78.4
(25.8)
70.6
(21.4)
62.5
(16.9)
77.4
(25.2)
Average low °F (°C) 38.6
(3.7)
41.7
(5.4)
47.6
(8.7)
53.6
(12.0)
62.1
(16.7)
69.8
(21.0)
72.8
(22.7)
72.4
(22.4)
67.8
(19.9)
57.5
(14.2)
47.9
(8.8)
40.8
(4.9)
56.1
(13.4)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 21.7
(−5.7)
25.9
(−3.4)
30.8
(−0.7)
38.3
(3.5)
49.3
(9.6)
61.8
(16.6)
67.8
(19.9)
66.4
(19.1)
55.4
(13.0)
40.9
(4.9)
32.0
(0.0)
24.5
(−4.2)
19.3
(−7.1)
Record low °F (°C) 3
(−16)
8
(−13)
20
(−7)
28
(−2)
39
(4)
49
(9)
61
(16)
57
(14)
43
(6)
28
(−2)
15
(−9)
9
(−13)
3
(−16)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.69
(94)
2.79
(71)
3.73
(95)
3.07
(78)
2.98
(76)
5.95
(151)
5.60
(142)
6.56
(167)
4.58
(116)
3.69
(94)
2.37
(60)
2.95
(75)
47.96
(1,218)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.0 8.1 7.7 6.8 7.0 11.9 12.3 13.5 9.6 7.1 6.8 8.4 108.2
Average relative humidity (%) 69.6 67.0 66.8 65.4 70.1 73.6 76.0 78.6 77.7 72.9 72.3 70.8 71.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 175.5 181.0 232.0 275.6 288.9 276.0 271.3 245.8 214.3 228.6 193.5 174.2 2,756.7
Percent possible sunshine 55 59 62 71 67 65 62 60 58 65 61 56 62
Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990)[28][29][30]
City of Savannah
Municipalities and communities of Chatham County, Georgia, United States
Cities
Towns
CDPs
Unincorporated
communities

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