Sauber Motorsport

Coordinates: 47°18′31″N 8°49′02″E / 47.3085163°N 8.8172027°E

Sauber Motorsport AG
Formerly
PP Sauber AG
Private
IndustryMotor racing
Founded1970
FounderPeter Sauber
HeadquartersHinwil, Zürich, Switzerland
OwnerLongbow Finance S.A.

Sauber Motorsport AG is a Swiss motorsport engineering company. It was founded in the 1970 (as PP Sauber AG) by Peter Sauber, who progressed through hillclimbing and the World Sportscar Championship to reach Formula One in 1993. In 2019, following a sponsorship deal, Sauber Motorsport AG renamed their Formula One racing team to Alfa Romeo Racing after operating it under their own name from 1993 until 2018.

Having not won a Grand Prix as an independent, the team was sold to BMW in 2005, and competed as BMW Sauber from 2006 to 2009, scoring one victory. At the end of the 2009 season BMW pulled out of Formula One and the team's future remained uncertain for several months, until it was sold back to Peter Sauber and granted a 2010 entry. Due to issues with the Concorde Agreement, the team remained as "BMW Sauber" for the 2010 season.[1][2] In March 2010, Peter Sauber announced plans to change the team name during the season, but the FIA announced that they would have to wait until the end of the season to change their name.[3] At the beginning of the 2011 season the team dropped BMW from their name.

Until mid-2016 Peter Sauber held a controlling 66.6% stake in the team, with the remainder belonging to then CEO Monisha Kaltenborn; she had been a leading figure in the team since BMW's withdrawal.[4] The team was sold during the 2016 season to Swiss investment firm Longbow Finance S.A, with Pascal Picci taking over Peter Sauber's role as chairman of the board and president.[5]

Sports cars

Peter Sauber began building sports cars in the 1970s. After using turbocharged Mercedes V8 engines in the 1980s, his team became the official factory team of Mercedes-Benz, reviving the Silver Arrow legend. They won the 24 hours of Le Mans and the World Sports Prototype Championship (1989 and 1990), competing against Jaguar and Porsche. Among others, drivers such as Heinz-Harald Frentzen, Michael Schumacher, Karl Wendlinger, Jochen Mass, Jean-Louis Schlesser and Mauro Baldi raced for Sauber.

Sauber-Mercedes C9, Bj. 1988 (2009-08-07 Sp)
Team Sauber-Mercedes achieved victory at the 1989 24 Hours of Le Mans with the Sauber-Mercedes C9.

Sauber participated in a number of other racing series before its involvement in Formula One, including the Swiss Sportscar Championship and the World Sportscar Championship. The first Sauber car, C1, was built in 1970. Sauber, in partnership with Mercedes, won the Le Mans 24-hour race in 1989 and the World Sports Prototype Championship in 1989 and 1990 with the Sauber C9 and Mercedes-Benz C11 respectively.

Sauber also built a Group 5 version of BMW M1

Formula One

Sauber
Full nameSauber F1 Team
BaseHinwil, Zürich, Switzerland
Founder(s)Peter Sauber
Noted driversAustria Karl Wendlinger
Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen
United Kingdom Johnny Herbert
France Jean Alesi
Germany Nick Heidfeld
Finland Kimi Räikkönen
Brazil Felipe Massa
Poland Robert Kubica
Germany Sebastian Vettel
Japan Kamui Kobayashi
Mexico Sergio Pérez
Sweden Marcus Ericsson
Monaco Charles Leclerc
Next nameAlfa Romeo Racing
Formula One World Championship career
First entry1993 South African Grand Prix
Races entered465 (462 starts)[N 1]
EnginesSauber, Mercedes, Ford, Petronas, BMW, Ferrari
Constructors'
Championships
0
Drivers'
Championships
0
Race victories1[N 2]
Podiums27[N 4]
Points865[N 5]
Pole positions1[N 3]
Fastest laps5[N 6]
Final entry2018 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix

Beginning and partnership with Mercedes-Benz (1993–1994)

The first 'turbo era' of Formula One ended with the 1988 season. The 1.5-litre turbocharged engines were phased out in favour of naturally aspirated 3.5-litre engines. A massive demand for engine suppliers and a constant influx of new teams saw car manufacturers like Subaru, Porsche and Lamborghini enter Formula One as engine suppliers and sometimes buying out existing teams. Other projects never progressed beyond design studies, such as one carried out by Simtek for BMW. It was a turbulent time that led to the withdrawal of many small teams and even more famous marques such as Brabham and Lotus.

A planned Mercedes collaboration with Sauber to enter their own Formula One team was shelved, although behind closed doors Mercedes continued to fund Sauber's Formula One project. The team was to be powered by V10 Ilmor engines in a chassis dubbed the C12, a continuation of Sauber's naming policy from sports car construction (the 'C' was a reference to Peter Sauber's wife Christine). It was to be driven by JJ Lehto and Karl Wendlinger.

Karl Wendlinger - Sauber C12 during practice for the 1993 British Grand Prix (33302730550)
The Sauber team's first Formula One car, the Sauber C12.
Sauber "S" logo 2000's
The traditional Sauber "S" logo which has evolved through different sponsors over the years.

The car's racing debut took place in the first race of 1993, in South Africa. The car was soon turning heads not only for its sharp FW14-like lines and striking black livery but its impressive performance, claiming fifth place (two points under the scoring system at the time) on its Grand Prix debut. Despite this impressive entrance to the Grand Prix scene, over the remainder of the season the team rarely saw the finish line due to unreliability and racing accidents. However, they proved their form was not a flash in the pan recording a slow stream of points finishes and rarely finishing outside the top ten when they actually completed a race distance. Despite not achieving a podium, they ended the season with twelve points, seventh out of the thirteen original entries.

The team went into the 1994 season as Sauber Mercedes, now officially Mercedes's factory-backed team with a new car in the Sauber C13 and the Ilmor engine rebadged the Mercedes 3.5 V10. New team Pacific Grand Prix Ltd took a customer supply of more dated Ilmor units. Between seasons Lehto had signed to Mild Seven Benetton Ford. Former Sauber sports car driver Heinz-Harald Frentzen took up the role as Karl Wendlinger's teammate.

Early signs showed the team were, rather disappointingly, delivering similar performances to the previous year, scoring a small tally of points in the opening rounds. The season took a turn for the worse after a 4th place by Wendlinger following the tragic deaths of Ayrton Senna and Roland Ratzenberger at the San Marino Grand Prix. Just two weeks later, Wendlinger was seriously injured after crashing in practice for the Monaco Grand Prix; losing control of his car under braking for the Nouvelle Chicane. He suffered serious head injuries, which left him in a coma for weeks, and he was sidelined for the rest of the season. He was replaced by Andrea de Cesaris and a returning Lehto who had been replaced at Benetton after injury complications.

The Wendlinger accident was a pivotal moment in Formula One history. Together with the death of Ayrton Senna, it later prompted the mandatory implementation of head protection for drivers in the form of high cockpit sides. Sauber voluntarily pioneered prototypes of these to protect their drivers.

They would finish the season with the same points tally as the previous year but finished only eighth out of the fourteen original entrants. Mercedes was dissatisfied with the progress and left the team at the end of the year, enticed by an offer from the McLaren team which was still looking for a new works deal since Honda withdrew from the sport. The partnership would see Team McLaren Mercedes take their first win in 1997 and both titles in 1998, but left Sauber to pick up the works Ford engine deal from Benetton.

Red Bull alliance and Ford engines (1995–1996)

Heinz-Harald Frentzen 1995 Britain
Frentzen driving for Sauber at the 1995 British Grand Prix.

The 1995 season and Sauber C14 marked the beginning of a ten-year sponsorship deal with energy drink giant Red Bull. Entrepreneur Dietrich Mateschitz had purchased a majority share in the team and Fritz Kaiser joined as commercial director.[6] They landed a factory supply of Ford ECA Zetec-R V8 engines. The 1995 season saw the return of Karl Wendlinger partnering Heinz-Harald Frentzen. Unfortunately, the Austrian's serious accident in 1994 seemed to have taken a lot out of his driving potential and he was replaced after two races by rookie Jean-Christophe Boullion.

The season, for Frentzen at least, went surprisingly well. The team finished with a record eighteen points despite the underperforming Ford engine and Jean-Christophe Bouillon, who was again dropped, allowing Wendlinger to make his final Formula One appearance. They also climbed back up to 7th in the Constructors' Championship.

1995 also saw Petronas become Sauber's presenting sponsor. They renewed their association in 2007, by which time the team had changed ownership.[7]

1996 saw Sauber's worst Formula One season in terms of points despite a promising driver line-up in Heinz-Harald Frentzen and Johnny Herbert, a revised C15 and the new V10 Cosworth JD engine. Despite again holding seventh spot on a shrinking list of constructors, they only scored 11 points and had not impressed for much of the season. For the next season they announced a customer deal to receive Ferrari V10 engines while they worked with new sponsors Petronas to construct their own engines. Unfortunately, due to a major economic crash in Asia the engines were never completed.

Sauber-Petronas Engineering (1997–2005)

Jacques Villeneuve 2005 Canada 2
Jacques Villeneuve driving for the Sauber team at the 2005 Canadian Grand Prix.

Sauber used Ferrari designed engines (from 1997 to 2005) and gearboxes built by Sauber Petronas Engineering, a company founded for the sole purpose of building these engines, that were nearly identical to the ones used by Ferrari. Sauber licensed nearly every legally licensable part from Ferrari and even had several Ferrari engineers on staff. Many pointed out suspicious similarities between Ferrari and Sauber chassis, but no formal accusations were ever made (FIA rules required each team to design their own chassis).

In 2001, Sauber brought a virtually unknown and very inexperienced Kimi Räikkönen into Formula One, despite the protests of a few drivers and influential members of the FIA, including Max Mosley, that he would pose a danger to other drivers. His performances that year, however, more than vindicated their decision (he would later go on to win the 2007 Drivers' Championship with Ferrari). It also caused Red Bull to sell their majority share in the team to Credit Suisse in protest (Red Bull wanted Enrique Bernoldi to take the seat but he wound up at Arrows). In 2004, Sauber spent a large sum of money on a new wind tunnel at Hinwil, and a high performance supercomputer (called Albert) to help refine the aerodynamics of their cars. The state-of-the-art infrastructure Sauber has built up is one aspect that attracted BMW Motorsport to Sauber.

In its later years, Sauber's links with Ferrari became weaker. They sided with the non-Ferrari teams over planned rule changes at the end of the 2004 season and also joined up with the GPWC. Then they decided to switch to Michelin tyres, while Ferrari continued to use Bridgestone tyres. Meanwhile, beverage company Red Bull left Sauber in 2005 as they founded their own team, Red Bull Racing. BMW ownership commenced from 1 January 2006 with BMW having bought Credit Suisse's share in the team. Sauber's final Grand Prix before BMW takeover was the 2005 Chinese Grand Prix, with Massa scoring a welcome sixth place to round off the team's history. Sauber had finished its independent run in F1 with six third places and two front-row starts being their best results. Amongst notable Sauber drivers were Jean Alesi, 2008 Drivers' Championship runner-up Felipe Massa, Johnny Herbert, and 1997 World Champion Jacques Villeneuve. Two former Sauber drivers drove for the new BMW Sauber team in 2006: Nick Heidfeld who was a Sauber driver from 2001 to 2003, and Villeneuve who drove for the team in 2005.

BMW factory team (2006–2009)

Nick Heidfeld Hungaroring
Nick Heidfeld took BMW's first podium finish at the 2006 Hungarian Grand Prix.
Thanks Michael 2006 Brazil
BMW Sauber put "Thanks Michael" messages on the back of their cars for what was then Michael Schumacher's last Grand Prix in Brazil.

At the end of the 2005 season, the team's majority shareholding previously owned by Credit Suisse was bought by BMW, with Peter Sauber retaining a 20% stake, and was renamed BMW Sauber. BMW sold its part back to Peter Sauber after the end of the 2009 season, but the team formally used the name 'BMW Sauber' until the end of the 2010 season.

2006

For the 2006 season the team re-signed Nick Heidfeld from Williams to be their lead driver (Heidfeld drove for Sauber in 2001-2003), while 1997 World Champion Jacques Villeneuve had his existing Sauber contract confirmed. Pole Robert Kubica was signed as the team's third driver. The team continued to use Sauber's facilities, mostly for chassis construction and wind tunnel testing, while BMW's headquarters in Munich were responsible for building the new P86 V8 engine.

Former Sauber title sponsor Petronas renewed their contract with the new team after BMW Sauber snubbed BP-Castrol, despite them being BMW's official commercial gasoline and motor oil partner. Credit Suisse also continued their sponsorship. For the new season BMW Sauber announced a technical partnership with Intel and O2, claiming that it will eventually lead to technological improvements available on BMW road cars.[8]

The new livery, unveiled in Valencia on 17 January 2006, was the traditional BMW M blue and white with red flashes.

Jacques Villeneuve scored the team's first points with a seventh-place finish at the 2006 Malaysian Grand Prix, after Heidfeld retired from fifth with an engine failure late in the race. Over the first two-thirds of the season the drivers picked up points with a succession of seventh- and eighth-place finishes.

The team ran a radical "twin towers" aero enhancement on the front of the car for the race in Magny-Cours, France, which was meant to direct airflow to the rear and thus improve performance.[9] This unconventional add-on was promptly banned by the FIA as it was adjudged to impede the drivers' vision and thus compromise safety.[10]

Heidfeld scored the team's first podium at the 2006 Hungarian Grand Prix from 10th on the grid. Kubica stood in for Villeneuve, BMW stating that Villeneuve could not drive due to medical complications following his accident at the German Grand Prix. Kubica finished seventh, although he was later disqualified for an underweight car.[11] After the Hungarian Grand Prix, BMW announced that Kubica would complete the season for the Swiss team, spelling the end of former world champion Villeneuve's F1 career.[12]

Kubica scored BMW Sauber's second podium of the season at the Italian Grand Prix, after running in third place for most of the race and leading briefly during the first round of pit stops. Heidfeld struggled in the race and barely earned a point by finishing eighth. The team's fifth place in the Constructors' Championship was cemented by Heidfeld's two further points at the 2006 Chinese Grand Prix, and Toyota's early double retirement from the 2006 Brazilian Grand Prix.

2007
Nick Heidfeld 2007 Canada
Nick Heidfeld took BMW Sauber's best result of 2007 with second place at the Canadian Grand Prix.

On 19 October 2006, it was announced that Robert Kubica would partner Nick Heidfeld for the 2007 season with Sebastian Vettel taking the test and reserve driver role. On 21 December, it was announced that Timo Glock had been signed as the team's second test driver.[13] The team launched their 2007 car, the F1.07, on 16 January 2007.[14]

The new car showed promising form throughout the winter testing, topping the times sheets on occasions. However, team principal Mario Theissen declared some reliability concerns before the season's opening race in Melbourne. Robert Kubica duly retired from 4th place mid-race with gearbox trouble, but Nick Heidfeld proved their pace in winter testing was no fluke as he raced to 4th place. Heidfeld has continued this success with two more 4th places in Malaysia and Bahrain respectively. Kubica finished 6th in Bahrain after retiring in Australia and mechanical trouble in Malaysia.

Their performance thus far had been such that many were saying a race win was likely after firmly establishing themselves as the best team behind championship leaders Ferrari and McLaren. Although the perceived performance gap between the two leaders and BMW Sauber was a fair amount, it was still less than that between BMW Sauber and the teams behind them.[15]

The Canadian Grand Prix brought mixed fortunes for the team. While Nick Heidfeld scored a 2nd-place finish, Robert Kubica suffered a huge crash that resulted in a long safety car period. The media was initially told Kubica had broken his leg, but it later proved that he had escaped with only a sprained ankle and concussion.[16]

Sebastian Vettel took his place in the US Grand Prix, finishing in 8th place and therefore becoming the youngest driver to score a Formula One World Championship point. After the European GP, however, it was announced by Scuderia Toro Rosso that Vettel would take the second driver seat from Scott Speed.

2008
Heidfeld and Rosberg - 2008 Melb GP
BMW Sauber took a podium finish in the first race of the 2008 season, courtesy of Nick Heidfeld.
Robert Kubica 2008 Canada 2
The Canadian Grand Prix saw Robert Kubica win his and BMW Sauber's only race.

On 21 August 2007, BMW confirmed its driver line-up of Heidfeld and Kubica for the 2008 season.[17] Their 2008 car, the F1.08 was officially launched in Munich at BMW Welt on 14 January 2008. It made its track debut at Valencia the next day, with Robert Kubica driving.

The BMW Sauber team also introduced a new scheme for the team as a whole, with every individual getting "fit for pole",[18] from the boss to the cleaners, meaning that the team would be in optimum fitness for the 2008 season. Team principal, Mario Theissen boldly targeted the young team's first Formula 1 victory for 2008, a bench-mark many outside the organisation felt was overly ambitious.

BMW Sauber started the season well with Kubica narrowly missing out on pole after a mistake in his main qualifying lap in Melbourne. He later retired after being hit by Kazuki Nakajima but Heidfeld finished second. Kubica took second in Malaysia, with Heidfeld in 6th setting the fastest lap of the race. The team's points total of 11 was their largest score up to that time. In Bahrain, Kubica scored his and the team's first ever pole position, beating Felipe Massa by just under three hundredths of a second. The team went on to finish 3rd and 4th in the race, equalling their highest round points total and promoting them to first place in the Constructors' Championship for the first time.

The team also attained a second-place finish in the Monaco Grand Prix with Robert Kubica, beating both Ferraris and only trailing the McLaren of Lewis Hamilton by three seconds.

BMW Sauber's first race victory came in the 2008 Canadian Grand Prix, the team achieving a one-two finish with Robert Kubica's first race win and Nick Heidfeld taking second place. The victory came after Lewis Hamilton collided with Kimi Räikkönen in the pitlane, ending the race for both drivers. Kubica was on a different refuelling strategy from Heidfeld, who also briefly led the race before securing the one-two finish for BMW Sauber in comfortable fashion. This was the first Formula One victory for a BMW engine since the 2004 Brazilian Grand Prix.

After the team's breakthrough win, development was switched to the 2009 season where new regulations come into play. This greatly annoyed Kubica, (who was leading the championship after the Canadian Grand Prix), as he felt they could have had a realistic chance of taking at least one title. The lack of development was reflected with a drop of form throughout the second half of the season, causing BMW to be outpaced by Renault, Toyota and even Toro Rosso (who started the season as one of the slowest teams) by the end of the season. Despite this, Kubica remained with an outside chance of taking the Drivers' Championship until the Chinese Grand Prix, the 17th round out of 18.

2009
Heidfeld 2009 Malaysian GP 2
In a disappointing final year for BMW, Nick Heidfeld took the first of the team's two podiums during the season at the 2009 Malaysian Grand Prix.

In October 2008, the team confirmed that they would stick with Robert Kubica and Nick Heidfeld as their drivers for the 2009 season.[19]

Although BMW Sauber targeted the 2009 season as the year they would challenge for the title, their start to the season has been a disappointment. Kubica was in 3rd place in the opening round, when he collided with Vettel while battling for 2nd place and was forced to retire. Heidfeld then secured the team's first podium of the year in Malaysia, but after 6 races BMW Sauber had collected a mere 6 points, and occupied 8th place in the Constructors' Championship out of 10 teams. A raft of upgrades were set for Turkey, including an improved regenerative braking system (KERS) and a double deck diffuser. While the new diffuser was implemented, the KERS could not be made to fit the new car and both drivers raced without the device. After the qualifying session for the British Grand Prix Mario Theissen announced that the team had decided to halt further development KERS; of which BMW had been one of the strongest proponents, and focus instead on improving the car's aerodynamics. This left Ferrari and McLaren as the only remaining users of the KERS system. In the European Grand Prix at Valencia Robert Kubica scored the team's first points since the race in Turkey.

Following a meeting of the BMW board on 28 July, the company held at press conference the following morning in which it confirmed the team's withdrawal from Formula One at the end of 2009. Chairman Dr Norbert Reithofer described the decision as a strategic one.[20] The Formula One Teams Association released a statement in response pledging its support to help the team remain in F1.[21]

On 15 September 2009, it was announced that BMW Sauber had secured a buyer, Qadbak Investments Limited which turned to be a shell company. However, Lotus Racing had been given the 13th and final slot in the 2010 season. The team were awarded what was termed a 14th entry, which hinged either on another team dropping out or all the other teams agreeing to allow 28 cars to enter the 2010 Championship.[22][23]

Independent return with Ferrari engines (2010–2017)

2010

On 27 November 2009, it was announced that Peter Sauber would repurchase the team conditional upon the team receiving a FIA entry for the 2010 season.[24]

On 3 December 2009, the FIA confirmed that Sauber had been granted the entry vacated by Toyota Racing following their withdrawal[25] and would be using Ferrari engines.[26] Peter Sauber had previously announced, on 29 November, that the team's chassis for the 2010 season would be designated Sauber C29, while the Swiss newspaper Blick reported that the team will be called Team Sauber F1.[27] However, in January 2010, Peter Sauber had said that he had not yet applied for a change of name, so therefore they remained for the season as BMW Sauber F1 Team despite zero BMW components.[28] Kamui Kobayashi was announced as their first signed driver for the 2010 season on 17 December 2009. Pedro de la Rosa was signed as Sauber's second driver on 19 January 2010.[29]

Before the Singapore Grand Prix, it was announced that Nick Heidfeld would replace de la Rosa for the remaining 5 races of the season. Esteban Gutiérrez later joined the team as a reserve driver, and drove during young drivers' testing after the end of the season.

Despite promising pace in winter testing, the team struggled with technical problems in the early rounds of the season, with no points from the first six races. After running a blank livery for the first four races of the 2010 season, the team finally announced a sponsorship deal with the Burger King fast food franchise at the Spanish and European Grands Prix.[30] During frustrations, Peter Sauber admitted that his decision to rescue the team had been emotionally driven, but insisted that it was proper.[31] Finally, in Turkey, Kobayashi finished 10th, collecting the team's first championship point for the season.

At the European Grand Prix in Valencia, after qualifying in 18th place, Kobayashi drew attention while driving a vast proportion of the race in 3rd position defending from Jenson Button who was following closely behind in 4th. After entering the pits during the closing stages of the race to switch tyres, Kobayashi exited the pit in 9th. In the last few laps of the race, Kobayashi overtook the Ferrari of Fernando Alonso and the Toro Rosso of Sébastien Buemi for a 7th-place finish. The impressive drive from Kobayashi received much acclaim and was Sauber's best result of the season to-date. Pedro de la Rosa meanwhile, despite originally crossing the line in 10th position to secure 1 point, would eventually only finish in 12th place after a penalty, stripping away a double points finish. This accomplishment, however, was later achieved at the Japanese Grand Prix and Korean Grand Prix.

The second half of the season gave more productive and consistent results; The drives of Kobayashi, Heidfeld and de la Rosa combined earned 44 points, giving the team 8th place in the Constructors' Championship. Kobayashi performed the team's season-best finish of 6th at the British Grand Prix.

2011

Kobayashi was retained for 2011; he was joined by teammate Sergio Pérez and his compatriot Esteban Gutiérrez as reserve driver. The team debuted their 2011 car – the C30 – on 31 January,[32] with testing beginning the following day.

At the start of the season in Australia, both Pérez and Kobayashi were later disqualified due to technical infringements. Pérez suffered a major collision at the Monaco Grand Prix, resulting in concussion and a sprained thigh.[33] Despite being passed fit for the Canadian Grand Prix, Pérez withdrew from the weekend after the first free practice session due to illness, he was replaced by 2010 Sauber driver Pedro de la Rosa for the remainder of the weekend.[34]

For the remainder of the season, the team obtained regular top-10 finishes, and overall finished 7th in the Constructors' Championship.

On 28 July, it was announced that Kobayashi, Pérez and Gutiérrez would all remain in the Sauber setup for the 2012 season.[35]

2012

Sauber started the 2012 season with a double points-scoring finish – Kobayashi sixth and Pérez eighth – in Australia, before Pérez finished second the following week, at the Malaysian Grand Prix; the team's best result as an independent team.[36] Kobayashi then started third at the Chinese Grand Prix behind the two Mercedes cars of Nico Rosberg and Michael Schumacher; although Kobayashi finished the race in tenth position, he recorded the fastest lap of the race, his first in Formula One.

Prior to the Spanish Grand Prix, Sauber announced a sponsorship deal with English Premier League team Chelsea.[37] After the race, in which Kobayashi equalled his career-best result of fifth, Peter Sauber announced that he had transferred ownership of a third of the team to CEO Monisha Kaltenborn.[4] Pérez achieved his second podium of the season at the Canadian Grand Prix with third place, while Kobayashi added a ninth place to help Sauber move up to sixth place in the Constructors' Championship.[38]

For the German Grand Prix, Sauber achieved their best result of the season. After starting in twelfth position, Kobayashi finished fifth, equalling his best result at the time, before a time penalty for Sebastian Vettel pushed him up into fourth, giving him the best result of his career. Meanwhile, after starting down in 17th due to a penalty, Pérez managed to work a great tyre strategy and finished just behind Kobayashi – prior to Vettel's penalty – in sixth position, giving the team a total points haul of 20, their best since splitting with BMW, and giving them a 53-point advantage over Williams for sixth in the Constructors' Championship.[39] At the Belgian Grand Prix, Kobayashi started second and Pérez fourth, the best grid positions in Sauber's history. At the start of the race, Romain Grosjean caused a spectacular crash taking himself, Pérez, championship leader Fernando Alonso and Lewis Hamilton out of the race. Kobayashi's Sauber was also damaged and he finished the race in 13th place.

At the Italian Grand Prix, Sauber scored 20 points; Pérez used a one-stop strategy to move from twelfth on the grid to take his third podium of the season with second place, while Kobayashi finished in ninth place.[40] Kobayashi took his first podium finish and the team's fourth of the season at the Japanese Grand Prix; the following week, it was announced that Peter Sauber was stepping back from the daily management of his team, handing the role of team principal to Kaltenborn.[41]

2013

On 23 November 2012, it was announced that Nico Hülkenberg, Esteban Gutiérrez and Robin Frijns would make up the team's line-up for the 2013 season; Hülkenberg and Gutiérrez as part of the race team and Frijns as reserve driver.[42] The team's car for the season, the C32, was launched in Hinwil on 2 February 2013.[43] The livery was changed and the car is now grey, similar to the Sauber cars in the early 1990s.[44] Despite a promising eighth place for Hülkenberg at the second round of the season, the Malaysian Grand Prix, it was clear soon that the C32 was far from the competitiveness shown by its predecessor, with Hülkenberg unable to obtain better than a 10th-place finish in subsequent races and rookie Gutiérrez having been unable to score as of the Belgian Grand Prix. Despite this, Hülkenberg caused a shock by putting his car third on the grid for the Italian Grand Prix, outqualifying both Ferraris in the process.[45]

On 15 July 2013, Sergey Sirotkin joined Sauber as a development driver as part of a tie-in with Russian investors with a view to promoting him to a race seat as early as 2014.[46]

At the Singapore Grand Prix both Hülkenberg and Gutiérrez were in the points, running 6th and 7th respectively due to pitting under the safety car, but as their tyres went away Hülkenberg managed 9th place and Gutiérrez only 12th. Hülkenberg showed some impressive driving in Korea, finishing in 4th place and allowing Sauber to pass Toro Rosso in the standings. The Japanese Grand Prix saw the team's first double points finish of the 2013 season with Hülkenberg 6th after running most of the race in 4th, and Gutiérrez 7th after an impressive battle with Nico Rosberg's Mercedes. Hülkenberg scored again in the last two rounds and Sauber finished 7th in the WCC with 57 points.

2014

In February 2014, IndyCar Series driver Simona de Silvestro was signed by Sauber as an "affiliated driver", with the intent of racing in F1 by 2015.[47] However, by the end of 2014, de Silvestro was no longer part of the team.[48] For the 2014 season, Gutiérrez was retained and joined by Adrian Sutil, following Hülkenberg's decision to return to Force India. The team struggled throughout the season, often going out in the first round of qualifying and failing to score a single point for the first time in team history.

2015

On 1 November 2014, it was announced that Marcus Ericsson would drive for Sauber in 2015.[49] On 5 November 2014, Felipe Nasr was announced as a Sauber driver to complete the 2015 line-up.[50] Ferrari Driver Academy member Raffaele Marciello acted as reserve driver. The team also underwent a livery change in accordance to their new sponsor Banco do Brasil.[51][52]

Driver's contractual dispute

The start of the season saw Sauber become involved in legal action commenced by their 2014 reserve driver, Giedo van der Garde. On 5 March 2015, van der Garde received a partial award under international arbitration by the Swiss Chambers' Arbitration Institution, upholding the driver's contract for a race seat in 2015.[53] Sauber breached the contract when the team instead signed Felipe Nasr and Marcus Ericsson as announced in November 2014. Despite the Swiss arbitrator ordering Sauber to "refrain from taking any action the effect of which would be to deprive Mr. van der Garde of his entitlement to participate in the 2015 Formula One season as one of Sauber's two nominated race drivers", further legal action was required to see the award enforced.[54] Just prior to the Australian Grand Prix held on 13 to 15 March 2015, van der Garde applied to an Australian court who ordered, at first instance on 11 March and on 12 March following Sauber's failed appeal, that he be permitted to race in Melbourne.[55] Due to the risk of having its assets seized for not obeying Court orders,[54] Sauber opted to abort participation in Friday morning's first practice session[56] pending an outcome in contempt of court proceedings against Sauber's team principal, Monisha Kaltenborn.[57]

Based on media speculation, however, thanks to an intervention by Bernie Ecclestone to avoid further negative publicity on the sport,[58] Ericsson and Nasr were able to take part in Friday afternoon's second practice session.[59] The matter was temporarily resolved on Saturday, 14 March 2015, following an announcement by van der Garde that he would forego racing in Melbourne,[60] with a view to finding a more permanent solution in the future.[61] The Sauber team and its new drivers for 2015, Ericsson and Nasr, were thus able to complete the Saturday qualifying session and point-scoring race on the Sunday. Three days later, on 18 March 2015, van der Garde confirmed that he and Sauber had reached, by mutual consent, a settlement that would see him relinquish, once and for all, his rights to race in Formula One with the team in return for compensation in the amount of US$16 million.[58][62] The controversy, however, continued due to a statement released by van der Garde revealing further background and indicating that his intention had also been that of promoting the rights of racing drivers, whose contracts are often dishonoured. In response, the Sauber team expressed surprise at van der Garde's post-settlement statement opting to not comment further on the matter.[63]

After the resolution of the dispute, Sauber underwent an improvement from the previous year, finishing fifth in the race, their best result all year. They finished the season 8th, ahead of McLaren and Marussia.

Sauber pair Bahrain 2016
Sauber drivers Felipe Nasr and Marcus Ericsson racing for position at the 2016 Bahrain Grand Prix
2016

On 23 July 2015, Sauber confirmed that Ericsson and Nasr would be retained for 2016.[64]

mid 2016 Sale to Longbow Finance S.A.

On 20 July 2016 it was announced that Swiss based investment firm Longbow Finance had bought both Peter Sauber and Monisha Kaltenborn's shares in the company, which made Longbow Finance the sole owner of Sauber. Pascal Picci was announced to take Peter Sauber's role as chairman of the board and president. Monisha Kaltenborn remained as Team principal and CEO of Sauber. The acquisition by Longbow Finance followed a series of speculation about the future of Sauber. The team had been in financial trouble for years before the change of ownership, often being unable to pay salaries to team members on time.[5][65]

During the season, the team only scored points on one occasion; Felipe Nasr's ninth-placed finish in the Brazilian Grand Prix scored two points for the team, who finished tenth in the Constructors' Championship, one point ahead of Manor.[66]

2017
Pascal Wehrlein 2017 Malaysia FP2 2
Wehrlein competing for Sauber at the 2017 Malaysian Grand Prix

On 11 November 2016, Sauber announced Ericsson would remain with the team in 2017.[67] On 16 January 2017, the team announced the signing of Pascal Wehrlein, replacing Nasr.[68] After Wehrlein was injured in a crash at the 2017 Race of Champions, Ferrari third driver Antonio Giovinazzi took his place for the first winter test.[69] Despite Wehrlein being fit to take part in the Australian Grand Prix, he later withdrew after participating in the first two practice sessions, with Giovinazzi replacing him for the rest of the race weekend.[70] Giovinazzi again replaced Wehrlein for the following race in China.[71] Days before the 2017 Azerbaijan Grand Prix, it was confirmed that the first ever female F1 team principal Monisha Kaltenborn would be stepping down from the team. Her role was replaced by former Renault team principal Frédéric Vasseur.

Partnership with Alfa Romeo (2018–2019)

Ericsson Alfa Romeo Sauber C37 Testing Barcelona
Marcus Ericsson driving an Alfa Romeo Sauber C37 during pre-season testing at the Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya
2018 Chinese Grand Prix FP3 Charles Leclerc (39897914770) (cropped)
Charles Leclerc on Sauber-Ferrari C37 of Alfa Romeo Sauber F1 Team, during the free practice of the 2018 Chinese Grand Prix at the Shanghai International Circuit.
2018

In April 2017, it was confirmed Sauber would end their engine deal with Ferrari and begin a new contract with Honda.[72] However, on 27 July 2017 it was announced that Sauber had cancelled their planned partnership with Honda for 2018 onwards for "strategic reasons".[73] The following day Sauber confirmed their new multi-year agreement with Ferrari for up-to-date engines starting in 2018.[74] On 29 November 2017, Sauber announced that they have signed a multi-year technical and commercial partnership contract with Alfa Romeo, therefore the team will be renamed to Alfa Romeo Sauber F1 Team for the 2018 season onwards.[75]

On 2 December 2017 it was announced that Charles Leclerc and Marcus Ericsson would be racing for the team in 2018.[76] Tatiana Calderón was promoted to the role of test driver, having been a development driver for the team in 2017.[77]

On 8 April 2018, at the Bahrain Grand Prix, Ericsson placed 9th and picked up 2 points for the team using a 1-stop strategy. Two races later Leclerc finished 6th in the Azerbaijan Grand Prix which was the team's highest position since the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. The race that followed in Spain saw Leclerc finish in 10th and score back to back points finishing results. It was the first time Sauber finished in the points in back to back races since 2015. Over the course of the season Sauber would finish in the points on 12 occasions and would get both cars in the points twice.

Prior to the Belgian Grand Prix, Sauber announced a sponsorship deal with Austrian private jet operator GlobeAir.[78]

Sauber finished the season with a respectable 48 points finishing in 8th position on the Constructors Table, following the season's conclusion Ericsson was not retained for the following season and Leclerc departed for Scuderia Ferrari.

2019

On 11 September 2018, Sauber announced that Kimi Räikkönen would be returning to drive for the team for the 2019 and 2020 seasons, swapping places with Charles Leclerc who would be moving to Ferrari.[79]

On 25 September 2018, Sauber announced that Antonio Giovinazzi would swap roles with Marcus Ericsson and drive alongside Kimi Räikkönen for the 2019 season. Marcus Ericsson will stay with the team as a third driver and a brand ambassador.[80]

On 1 February 2019, Sauber announced that it will compete in the 2019 season as "Alfa Romeo Racing"[81] although the ownership and management structure will remain unchanged.[82]

Sauber Junior Team

In November 2018, Sauber entered a partnership with Czech team Charouz Racing System to form the Sauber Junior Team, followed by the creation of a karting team in March 2019.[83][84] As of April 2019, their line-up includes the following:[85][84][86][87]

Driver Years Current series Titles
United States Juan Manuel Correa 2019 FIA Formula 2 Championship none as Sauber Junior Team member
United Kingdom Callum Ilott 2019 FIA Formula 2 Championship none as Sauber Junior Team member
South Africa Raoul Hyman 2019 FIA Formula 3 Championship none as Sauber Junior Team member
Switzerland Fabio Scherer 2019 FIA Formula 3 Championship none as Sauber Junior Team member
Germany Lirim Zendelli 2019 FIA Formula 3 Championship none as Sauber Junior Team member
France Alessandro Ghiretti 2019 ADAC Formula 4
Italian F4 Championship
none as Sauber Junior Team member
France Théo Pourchaire 2019 ADAC Formula 4 none as Sauber Junior Team member
Monaco Arthur Leclerc 2019 ADAC Formula 4 none as Sauber Junior Team member
Czech Republic Roman Staněk 2019 ADAC Formula 4
Italian F4 Championship
none as Sauber Junior Team member
South Africa Stuart White 2019 French F4 Championship none as Sauber Junior Team member
Switzerland Joshua Dufek 2019 Karting none as Sauber Junior Team member
United Kingdom Dexter Patterson 2019 Karting none as Sauber Junior Team member

Footnotes

  1. ^ The total tally includes 70 races in which the team competed as BMW Sauber.
  2. ^ The team won its only race as BMW Sauber.
  3. ^ The team achieved its only pole position as BMW Sauber.
  4. ^ The total tally includes 17 podiums achieved as BMW Sauber.
  5. ^ The total tally includes points achieved as BMW Sauber.
  6. ^ The total tally includes 2 fastest laps achieved as BMW Sauber.
  7. ^ Sauber dropped Broker as title sponsor mid-season.
  8. ^ BMW remained in the team's official title due to issues with the Concorde Agreement.

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External links

Alfa Romeo 177

The Alfa Romeo 177 was a Formula One car used by the Alfa Romeo team during the 1979 Formula One season, debuting at the 1979 Belgian Grand Prix. The 177 marked Alfa Romeo's return to Formula One, 28 years after winning the World Drivers' Championship titles in 1950 and 1951.

Alfa Romeo 182

The Alfa Romeo 182 is a Formula One car that was used by the Alfa Romeo team during the 1982 Formula One season. The car made its debut at the 1982 Brazilian Grand Prix. In the third race of the season at Long Beach, Andrea de Cesaris achieved pole position at an average speed of 141.331 km/h (87.819 mph). The best race was at Monaco, where de Cesaris placed 3rd. Alfa Romeo used three different models throughout 1982: the 179D (2 entries), the 182 (28 entries) and the 182B (2 entries); all with Alfa Romeo 3.0 L V12 engines. The Alfa Romeo V12 produced about 540 hp (403 kW) at 12000 rpm.

The 182B variant was tested for the first time at the 1982 Belgian Grand Prix at Zolder; this version was 12 centimetres (4.7 in) narrower and had a new exhaust and side skirts.At the Italian Grand Prix, a turbo variant of this car, designated 182T, which carried a V8 turbo engine was tested by Andrea de Cesaris. It was not used in the race though. This version was derived from the 182D version. The 182T was converted to one of five 183Ts later next year.

Alfa Romeo 183T

The Alfa Romeo 183T was a Formula One car designed by Gérard Ducarouge and Mario Tollentino and was used by Marlboro Team Alfa Romeo during the 1983 Formula One season. The car, with a newly designed flat bottom, made its debut at the 1983 Brazilian Grand Prix. Running on French Michelins, the 183T was driven in 1983 by Italians Andrea de Cesaris and Mauro Baldi.

Alfa Romeo 184T

The Alfa Romeo 184T is a Formula One car which was used by the Alfa Romeo team during the 1984 and 1985 Formula One seasons. The car, which was Mario Tollentino's first F1 design, bore the colours of the team's major sponsor, Italian fashion designers Benetton.

The car, which had a 1.5 L V8 turbo engine, producing around 680 hp (507 kW) at 10700 rpm, achieved a total of 11 points, all in 1984. The car's best result was at the 1984 Italian Grand Prix, where Riccardo Patrese came 3rd, at teammate Eddie Cheever's expense as the American was running 3rd, but ran out of fuel.

When the 890T engine was introduced in 1983, it had comparable power to the BMW, Renault and Ferrari turbo engines which at times saw lead driver Andrea de Cesaris able to mix it with the quicker cars, while fuel was not a factor as in-race re-fuelling was allowed. By 1984 however, the 890T had been left behind on power by its rivals, while the new fuel regulations limiting cars to only 220 litres per race saw the Alfa's mostly uncompetitive in the races as the engine was notoriously hard on fuel consumption. Also, the lack of power saw both Patrese and Cheever having to push their 184T's harder just to try to keep in touch (more often than not this was a losing battle) and most of the 184T's retirements were due to the unreliability of the engine that the faster running produced, or the cars simply ran out of fuel.

The 184T was replaced for 1985 by the 185T, but the car proved to be uncompetitive so the 184T was brought out of retirement, updated to 1985 regulations and was dubbed the 184TB. The 184TB model would become the last Alfa Romeo car to be raced in Formula One until the manufacturer's return to the sport with the C38 in 2019.

Alfa Romeo 185T

The Alfa Romeo 185T is a Formula One car that Benetton Team Alfa Romeo used during the 1985 season. The car was entered in 8 races, but without any success and suffering from poor reliability, the team returned to the previous year's car, the 184T, uprated to "184TB" specification. The 1985 season was the last one for Alfa Romeo in Formula One, before their return in 2019. The car was powered by Alfa's own 890T, a 1.5 L turbocharged V8 engine which produced around 780 hp (582 kW) at 10,200 rpm. The team drivers were Riccardo Patrese and Eddie Cheever.

Driven by Patrese, the 185T was involved in arguably the most spectacular accident of the season. On lap 16 of the Monaco Grand Prix, Nelson Piquet in his Brabham-BMW was attempting to pass Patrese along the pit straight. Notoriously hard to pass, Patrese moved across on his former Brabham teammate and put the Brazilian into the guardrail. In a shower of sparks, flames and debris famously captured by the television cameras, both the Brabham and the Alfa were destroyed, though both drivers were able to walk away injury free.

It was at Monaco where Cheever achieved the best qualifying position for the 185T when he started from 4th on the grid with a time only 0.279 seconds slower than pole winner Ayrton Senna in his Lotus-Renault. Cheever had failed to qualify the 184T at Monaco in 1984. After qualifying 4th, Cheever told reporters "We have a new wing here, which is much better than the old one, and the grip is good. Most of all though, we're understanding more and more about the Bosch Motronic, and throttle response is excellent. I think we can run with just about anyone on power as well. I mean, the car is good all round right now - if it can finish". Though it would not take too long for the American to change his tune about the 185T.

In an interview he gave in 2000, Riccardo Patrese described the 185T as "The Worst Car I ever drove".

Alfa Romeo Racing C38

The Alfa Romeo C38 is a Formula One racing car designed and constructed by Alfa Romeo Racing to compete during the 2019 FIA Formula One World Championship. It is the first Sauber-engineered car to be badged Alfa Romeo following a team renaming deal struck with Sauber Motorsport AG in February 2019. The car will be driven by Kimi Räikkönen and Antonio Giovinazzi. The car made its debut at the 2019 Australian Grand Prix, with Räikkönen scoring the car's first points.

Alfa Romeo in Formula One

Italian motor manufacturer Alfa Romeo has participated many times in Formula One. It currently participates as Alfa Romeo Racing while being operated by Sauber Motorsport AG. The brand has competed in motor racing as both a constructor and engine supplier sporadically between 1950 and 1987, and later as a commercial partner since 2015. The company's works drivers won the first two World Drivers' Championships in the pre-war Alfetta: Nino Farina in 1950; and Juan Manuel Fangio in 1951. Following these successes Alfa Romeo withdrew from Formula One.

During the 1960s, although the company had no official presence in the top tier of motorsport a number of Formula One teams used independently developed Alfa Romeo engines to power their cars. In the early 1970s, Alfa provided Formula One support for their works driver Andrea de Adamich, supplying adapted versions of their 3-litre V8 engine from the Alfa Romeo Tipo 33/3 sports car to power Adamich's McLaren (1970) and March (1971) entries. None of these engine combinations scored championship points.

In the mid-1970s, Alfa engineer Carlo Chiti designed a flat-12 engine to replace the T33 V8, which achieved some success in taking the 1975 World Sportscar Championship. Bernie Ecclestone, then owner of the Brabham Formula One team, persuaded Alfa Romeo to supply this engine free for the 1976 Formula One season. Although the Brabham-Alfa Romeo's first season was relatively modest, during the 1977 and 1978 World Championships their cars took 14 podium finishes, including two race victories for Niki Lauda.

The company's sporting department, Autodelta, returned as the works team in 1979. This second period as a constructor was less successful than the first. Between the company's return and its withdrawal as a constructor at the end of 1985, Alfa works drivers did not win a race and the team never finished higher than sixth in the World Constructors' Championship. The team's engines were also supplied to Osella from 1983 to 1987, but they scored only two World Championship points during this period.

The Alfa Romeo logo returned to Formula One in 2015, appearing on the Scuderia Ferrari cars. In late 2017, Alfa Romeo announced that they were to become title sponsors for Sauber from 2018, and had entered into a technical and commercial partnership with the team. Alfa Romeo returned to the sport as their own team when Sauber was renamed at the beginning of 2019.

Frédéric Vasseur

Frédéric Vasseur (born 28 May 1968 in Draveil, Ile-de-France) is a French motor sport engineer and manager with a long career managing Formula-series teams. He is the managing director and CEO as well as team principal of the Switzerland-based Sauber Motorsport AG.

Gioacchino Colombo

Gioachino Colombo (1903–1988) was an Italian automobile engine designer. Colombo was born in Legnano. He began work as an apprentice to Vittorio Jano at Alfa Romeo.

In 1937, Colombo designed the 158 engine for the Alfetta and caught the attention of Enzo Ferrari. Ferrari asked Colombo to design a small V12 for use in the new Ferrari marque's racing and road cars. The first Ferrari-Colombo engine appeared on 11 May 1947. Colombo's great work for Ferrari was a tiny 1.5 litre V12, first used in the Tipo 125, 159, and then 166 sports cars. This engine, known in Ferrari circles as the "Colombo engine", was produced for road cars and endurance racing cars for more than 40 years in displacements up to 4.8 L. These included the 3.0 litre Ferrari 250 racing, sports, and GT cars.

Colombo's engine was not as successful in Formula One racing. After stunning early success in the 166, the engine was supercharged for use in Formula One but failed to perform well. Ferrari hedged his bets, as he often did, by bringing on competing designer Aurelio Lampredi to create a large naturally aspirated V12, which replaced Colombo's. Later, Colombo's former mentor, Vittorio Jano, came to Ferrari and displaced the work of both men.

Colombo left Ferrari in 1950 and returned to Alfa Romeo. Where, he oversaw the company's racing efforts, including the success that year of Nino Farina and, in 1951, Juan-Manuel Fangio. In 1953, Colombo turned to Maserati and created the 250F Grand Prix car. Two years later, Colombo headed to newly restarted Bugatti to work on the 251. He then worked for MV Agusta in 1957-1970.Colombo died in Milan in 1988.

Gérard Ducarouge

Gérard Ducarouge (23 October 1941 – 19 February 2015) was a French Formula One car designer.

Mercedes-Benz C11

The Mercedes-Benz C11 was a Group C prototype race car introduced for the 1990 World Sports-Prototype Championship. Built by Sauber as a successor to the Sauber C9, the C11 used the same Mercedes-Benz M119 5.0L twin turbo V8. It was the first time that Mercedes-Benz chose to put their name on the car, instead of simply using Sauber.

Mercedes-Benz C291

The Mercedes-Benz C291 was a sports-prototype racing car introduced for the 1991 World Sportscar Championship season.

Peter Sauber

Peter Sauber (born 13 October 1943) is a retired Swiss motorsport executive. He was the team principal and owner of various motorsports teams, most visibly the eponymous Sauber Formula One team.

Robert Choulet

Robert Choulet (born 28 February 1935) is a French aerodynamics engineer influential in race car dynamics.

Sauber C30

The Sauber C30 is a Formula One racing car developed by Sauber Motorsports for use in the 2011 Formula One season. As with the Sauber C29 the car is powered by a Ferrari engine, but with added capability to house Ferrari's customer KERS system.

After running a near-blank livery in 2010, the team has acquired several sponsors including Jose Cuervo, and has had an investment from Telmex owner Carlos Slim. Some 2010 sponsors, including Mad Croc Energy, have returned. The car was driven by Kamui Kobayashi and Mexican newcomer Sergio Pérez. The car was unveiled on 31 January 2011 at the Circuit Ricardo Tormo in Valencia, Spain. On the following day, Kobayashi became the first driver to test the car.

Sauber C32

The Sauber C32 was a Formula One racing car designed and built by the Sauber team for use in the 2013 Formula One season. It was driven by Esteban Gutiérrez in his Formula One debut alongside Nico Hülkenberg, who joined the team after racing for Force India in 2012. The car was launched on 2 February 2013.

Sauber C34

The Sauber C34 is a Formula One racing car which Sauber used to compete in the 2015 Formula One season. The C34 was driven by Marcus Ericsson and Felipe Nasr.

Sauber C8

The Sauber C8 was a Group C prototype race car introduced in 1985 for the 24 Hours of Le Mans as the first in a partnership between Sauber and Mercedes-Benz.

Mercedes decided not to put forth the money for a full effort on their own until they had time to develop the production-based M117 5.0L Turbocharged V8. Therefore, Mercedes turned to Sauber to create a chassis for them and initially to run the team before Mercedes took on a larger role. Sauber chose to evolve the previous C7 prototype for the C8, although modifications were needed to house the larger V8 instead of the C7's previous Inline-6.

In its debut at the 1985 24 Hours of Le Mans, Sauber was able to qualify 17th. However, the car suffered an accident later in the race week that caused enough damage that the car was not able to participate in the race. The team promised to appear at a few more races in the World Sportscar Championship season, but never showed.

For 1986, the team became known as Kouros Racing Team, and the C8 was entered in the full season of the 1986 World Sportscar Championship season. For the first two races the C8 showed promise, with an 8th and a 9th. However, later in the season two C8s were entered in the 1986 24 Hours of Le Mans where unfortunately neither car was able to finish. For the 1000km of Nürburgring, the team was able to achieve its first victory with drivers Henri Pescarolo and Mike Thackwell, made all the more important by being won in front of the Mercedes-Benz executives in attendance. With this victory the Kouros Racing Team was able to end the season 5th in the teams championship.

In 1987, the Kouros team switched to the newer Sauber C9, while C8 chassis #2 was sold to privateer French team Noël del Bello, which entered the 1987 24 Hours of Le Mans and 1000km of Nürburgring, but failed to finish either race. Noël del Bello continued into 1988, but failed to finish any of the races it entered again.

Sauber C9

The Sauber C9 (later named the Sauber Mercedes C9 or Mercedes-Benz C9) is a Group C prototype race car introduced in 1987 as a continuation of the partnership between Sauber as a constructor and Mercedes-Benz as an engine builder for the World Sportscar Championship. The C9 replaced the Sauber C8.

Formula One results
Year Name Car Engine Tyres No. Drivers Points WCC
Sauber
1993 Switzerland Team Sauber Formula 1 C12 Sauber 2175A 3.5 V10 G 29.
30.
Austria Karl Wendlinger
Finland JJ Lehto
12 7th
1994 Switzerland Broker Sauber Mercedes
Switzerland Sauber Mercedes[N 7]
C13 Mercedes 2175B 3.5 V10 G 29.
29.
29.
30.
Austria Karl Wendlinger
Italy Andrea de Cesaris
Finland JJ Lehto
Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen
12 8th
1995 Switzerland Red Bull Sauber Ford C14 Ford ECA Zetec-R 3.0 V8 G 29.
29.
30.
Austria Karl Wendlinger
France Jean-Christophe Boullion
Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen
18 7th
1996 Switzerland Red Bull Sauber Ford C15 Ford JD Zetec-R 3.0 V10 G 14.
15.
United Kingdom Johnny Herbert
Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen
11 7th
1997 Switzerland Red Bull Sauber Petronas C16 Petronas SPE-01 3.0 V10 G 16.
17.
17.
17.
United Kingdom Johnny Herbert
Italy Nicola Larini
Italy Gianni Morbidelli
Argentina Norberto Fontana
16 7th
1998 Switzerland Red Bull Sauber Petronas C17 Petronas SPE-01D 3.0 V10 G 14.
15.
France Jean Alesi
United Kingdom Johnny Herbert
10 6th
1999 Switzerland Red Bull Sauber Petronas C18 Petronas SPE-03A 3.0 V10 B 11.
12.
France Jean Alesi
Brazil Pedro Diniz
5 8th
2000 Switzerland Red Bull Sauber Petronas C19 Petronas SPE-04A 3.0 V10 B 16.
17.
Brazil Pedro Diniz
Finland Mika Salo
6 8th
2001 Switzerland Red Bull Sauber Petronas C20 Petronas 01A 3.0 V10 B 16.
17.
Germany Nick Heidfeld
Finland Kimi Räikkönen
21 4th
2002 Switzerland Sauber Petronas C21 Petronas 02A 3.0 V10 B 7.
8.
8.
Germany Nick Heidfeld
Brazil Felipe Massa
Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen
11 5th
2003 Switzerland Sauber Petronas C22 Petronas 03A 3.0 V10 B 9.
10.
Germany Nick Heidfeld
Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen
19 6th
2004 Switzerland Sauber Petronas C23 Petronas 04A 3.0 V10 B 11.
12.
Italy Giancarlo Fisichella
Brazil Felipe Massa
34 6th
2005 Switzerland Sauber Petronas C24 Petronas 05A 3.0 V10 M 11.
12.
Canada Jacques Villeneuve
Brazil Felipe Massa
20 8th
BMW Sauber
2006 Germany BMW Sauber F1 Team F1.06 BMW P86/6 2.4 V8 M 16.
17.
17.
Germany Nick Heidfeld
Canada Jacques Villeneuve
Poland Robert Kubica
36 5th
2007 Germany BMW Sauber F1 Team F1.07 BMW P86/7 2.4 V8 B 9.
10.
10.
Germany Nick Heidfeld
Poland Robert Kubica
Germany Sebastian Vettel
101 2nd
2008 Germany BMW Sauber F1 Team F1.08 BMW P86/8 2.4 V8 B 3.
4.
Germany Nick Heidfeld
Poland Robert Kubica
135 3rd
2009 Germany BMW Sauber F1 Team F1.09 BMW P86/9 2.4 V8 B 5.
6.
Poland Robert Kubica
Germany Nick Heidfeld
36 6th
Sauber
2010 Switzerland BMW Sauber F1 Team[N 8] C29 Ferrari 056 2.4 V8 B 22.
22.
23.
Spain Pedro de la Rosa
Germany Nick Heidfeld
Japan Kamui Kobayashi
44 8th
2011 Switzerland Sauber F1 Team C30 Ferrari 056 2.4 V8 P 16.
17.
17.
Japan Kamui Kobayashi
Mexico Sergio Pérez
Spain Pedro de la Rosa
44 7th
2012 Switzerland Sauber F1 Team C31 Ferrari 056 2.4 V8 P 14.
15.
Japan Kamui Kobayashi
Mexico Sergio Pérez
126 6th
2013 Switzerland Sauber F1 Team C32 Ferrari 056 2.4 V8 P 11.
12.
Germany Nico Hülkenberg
Mexico Esteban Gutiérrez
57 7th
2014 Switzerland Sauber F1 Team C33 Ferrari 059/3 1.6 V6 t P 21.
99.
Mexico Esteban Gutiérrez
Germany Adrian Sutil
0 10th
2015 Switzerland Sauber F1 Team C34 Ferrari 060 1.6 V6 t P 9.
12.
Sweden Marcus Ericsson
Brazil Felipe Nasr
36 8th
2016 Switzerland Sauber F1 Team C35 Ferrari 061 1.6 V6 t P 9.
12.
Sweden Marcus Ericsson
Brazil Felipe Nasr
2 10th
2017 Switzerland Sauber F1 Team C36 Ferrari 061 1.6 V6 t P 9.
36.
94.
Sweden Marcus Ericsson
Italy Antonio Giovinazzi
Germany Pascal Wehrlein
5 10th
2018 Switzerland Alfa Romeo Sauber F1 Team C37 Ferrari 063 1.6 V6 t P 9.
16.
Sweden Marcus Ericsson
Monaco Charles Leclerc
48 8th
2019 season
Former

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