The Sarju River (Kumaoni: सरज्यू, Hindi: सरयू), also known as Saryu, is a major river draining Central Kumaon region in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. Originating from Sarmul,Sarju flows through the cities of Kapkot,Bageshwar and Seraghat before joining Mahakali at Pancheshwar. The Sarju is the largest tributary of the Sharda River. The river forms the South-eastern border between the districts of Pithoragarh and Almora. Temperate and sub-Tropical forests cover the entire Catchment area of the River.
|⁃ location||Sarmul, 15 km south of Nanda Kot|
|⁃ elevation||3,000 m (9,800 ft)|
|Sharda River, Uttarakhand, India|
|429 m (1,407 ft)|
|Length||130 km (81 mi)|
|⁃ left||Ramganga, Punger|
|⁃ right||Gomati, Panar, Lahor|
The Sarju rises at a place known as Sarmul (or Sarmool), which is located in the extreme north of the Bageshwar district of Uttarakhand. The source of the river is situated at on the southern slope of a ridge of the Nanda Kot and is separated on the east from the source of Ramganga and on the west from the sources of Kuphini (the eastern branch of Pindar river) by spurs leading down from the mass culminating at the Nanda Kot peak. It flows initially around 50 km (31 mi) in southwest direction by the Kumaon Himalayas where it receives Kanalgadh stream from the right and Punger river from the left. About 2 km (1.2 mi) further downstream, the river receives Lahor river from the right. Then the river turns towards south and flows through the city of Bageshwar, where it receives Gomati from the right.
The Sarju flows to the lower 65 km in mainly southeastern direction. Much of the drainage of Gangoli region of Pithoragarh district flows into the river via Bhadrapatigad stream, which flows into it from the left. Similarly, several streams join it from right draining much of the Chaugarkha region situated in Almora district; notable ones being Gatgadh, Jalairgadh, Bhaurgadh, Alaknadi and Saniaungadh. About 55 km (34 mi) downstream from its confluence with Gomati in Bageshwar, it receives the Panar river from the right. About five Km further downstream, at 20 km (12 mi) above its mouth, Ramganga meets the left side on the Sarju at Rameshwar, situated at an elevation of 1,500 ft (460 m). Finally Sarju reaches at Pancheshwar at the Nepalese border to Sharda River after travelling a total of 130 km (81 mi).
Sarju transfers a sedimental load of 498.4 kg/sec during the peak of raining season.
The Kuloor river rises above the Bhadrkali Temple near Sani-Udiyar, and flows through Rawatsera, Bans Patan and Ganai Gangoli, before joining the Sarju at Seraghat.
Punger river rises near village Sangar and joins Sarju from the left at Sartana.
Lahor is a small river that joins Sarju from the right.
Ramganga is the largest tributary of Sarju. It originates from the Namik Glacier in Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand and flows towards Southeast. The river is fed by numerous small and big rivers and finally joins river Sarju at Rameshwar.
Kapkot or Kapkote is a village in Bageshwar district, Uttarakhand, India. It houses the headquarters of Kapkot Tehsil, the largest administrative subdivision of Bageshwar district. It is known for being the last bus terminus on the route to Pindari Glacier. Kapkot is located almost 25 kilometres (16 mi) from its district headquarters at Bageshwar.List of rivers of India
This is a list of rivers of India, starting in the west and moving along the Indian coast southward, then northward. Tributary rivers are listed hierarchically in upstream order: the lower in the list, the more upstream.
The major rivers of India are:
Flowing into the Bay of Bengal: Brahmaputra, Yamuna, Ganga (with its main tributaries Ramganga, Kali or Sharda, Gomti, Yamuna, Chambal, Betwa, Ken, Tons, Ghaghara, Gandaki, Burhi Gandak, Koshi, Mahananda, Tamsa, Son, Bagmati), Meghna, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna (and their main tributaries)
Flowing into the Arabian Sea: Narmada, Tapi, Sabarmati, PurnaThe remaining rivers are as follows.List of rivers of Nepal
This is a list of rivers in Nepal, east to west. This list is arranged by drainage basin, indented to show the structure of confluences. Tributaries rising inside India are not shown.
The rivers only of Nepal
Liku River or Likhu Khola
Indravati RiverBagmati River
Gandaki River (Narayani) (Kali Gandaki)
East Rapti River
Seti Gandaki River
Budhi Gandaki River
Ghaghara River (Karnali)
West Rapti River
Thuli Bheri River
Sani Bheri River
Sharda River (Mahakali Nadi) (Kali River)
Kalapani RiverSharda River
The Sharda River demarcates Nepal's western border with India. It descends from 3,600 m (11,800 ft) at Kalapani to 200 m (660 ft) as it enters the Terai plains in Uttar Pradesh, flowing southeast across the plains to join the Ghaghra river, a tributary of the Ganges.
It is called Mahakali River in Nepali: महाकाली नदी, mahākālī nadī, शारदा नदी, shāradā nadī in Hindi, and Kali Gad (Hindi: काली गाड़, kālī gād) or Kali Ganga in Uttarakhand. It is named after Śāradā, which is another name for Saraswati, the goddess of learning.
It offers potential for hydroelectric power generation. The river is also proposed as source for one of the many projects in the Himalayan component of the Indian Rivers Inter-link project.
|Hydrography of surrounding areas|