Saraikela, also spelled Seraikella, is the administrative headquarters of Saraikela Kharsawan District of Jharkhand. Earlier it was a municipality in Pashchimi Singhbhum district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It was formerly the capital of the Odia Saraikela State, a princely state. The town is a road junction and agricultural trade centre, with nearby deposits of copper, iron-ore, asbestos, and limestone.it is situated between Jamshedpur and chaibasa.
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Second languages||Oriya, Santhali, Ho, Kurukh, Mundari, Kharia, Nagpuri, Panchpargania, Khortha, Bengali, and Kurmali. |
The Saraikela state was founded in 1620 by Raja Bikram Singh (a fore-runner to the ruling family's current nomenclature of Singh Deo).
Saraikela is known for its Chhau dance. It is a unique amalgamation of Oriya and tribal culture. The palace of the former Raja, Kudarsai temple, Guest House and the Shiva temple are some cultural places to visit. Rath yatra and Durga puja are some festivals celebrated with much joy. It is also famous for its laddu.
The main business families of Seraikela include the Choudhary, Sekseria and Sahu families, who are involved in various business enterprises in Seraikela. Abhijeet Group (Corporate Ispat & Alloys Ltd.) is setting up its steel & power plant in Seraikela (7 km from Town). Jupiter Cement is also setting up a Portland cement plant nearby. Steel plant of Sesa Goa and Bharat Steel are also proposed in the area.
The Adityapur industrial estate is a part of Seraikela district and has major anciallry units of Tata Motors. Adityapur Industrial Area also known as AIADA was once known as the largest industrial hub in India.Further,Chandil is also growing rapidly as an industrial centre and currently has a number of food processing and sponge iron units.
As of 2011 India census, Seraikela had a population of 26,145. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Seraikela has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 61%. In Seraikela, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Adityapur is a city in Jharkhand named after Raja Aditya Pratap Singh Deo, the last ruler of Saraikela. It is today an industrial town/sister city separated from the famous city of Jamshedpur by the Kharkai River. It lies in the Seraikela-Kharsawan district of Jharkhand.
Today it is considered a part of the Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region. As part of the Indian government's Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM), Adityapur will be included under the Greater Jamshedpur plan. It is predominantly an industrial region and once held the record of being the largest industrial belt in Asia.Bikram Singh
Bikram Singh may refer to:
Bikram Singh (musician), U.S. bhangra music artist
Bikram Singh (general), former Chief of Army Staff for India
K. Bikram Singh (1938–2013), Indian filmmaker and politician
Bikram Singh, Raja of Saraikela; see List of state leaders in 1620
Bikram Singh (politician), Cabinet Minister from Himachal PradeshChakradharpur railway division
Chakradharpur railway division is one of the four railway divisions under South Eastern Railway zone of Indian Railways. This railway division was formed on 14 April 1952 and its headquarter is located at Chakradharpur in West Singhbhum district of the state of Jharkhand of India.
Kharagpur railway division, Adra railway division and Ranchi railway division are the other three railway divisions under SER Zone headquartered at Garden Reach, Calcutta.
The Chakradharpur Railway Division extends from:
1. Asanboni station in Jharkhand to Jharsuguda station in Odisha on the Howrah - Mumbai Main Line, important stations in this route includes: Tatanagar, Chakradharpur, Rourkela and Jharsuguda.
Chakradharpur Division also includes the following lines:
2. Rajkharsawan station to Gua/Bolani Khadan in Jharkhand/Odisha respectively and from Padapahar station in Jharkhand to Jaroli station in Odisha, important stations in this route are Chaibasa, Dangoaposi, Noamundi, Barbil and Banspani.
3. Sini station to Manikui station and the Kandra-Gamharia stretch in the state of Jharkhand.
4. The Tatanagar station in Jharkhand to Gorumahisani/Badampahar stations via Rairangpur Jn. in Odisha.
5. Rourkela station to Bitmitrapur station in Odisha.
6. Bondamunda station to Barsuwan/Kiriburu via Bimlagarh Jn. in Odisha/Jharkhand respectively.
7. Bondamunda station to Nuagaon station in Odisha on the Bondamunda - Ranchi line.
8. Jharsuguda to Sardega New line for Mahanadi Coal Fields Limited in Odisha.
The Division serves three districts of Jharkhand (East and West Singhbhum and Saraikela-Kharsawan) and five districts of Odisha (Sundragarh, Jharsuguda, Sambalpur, Mayurbhanj and Keonjhar).
Tatanagar being the most important station of the Division, followed by Rourkela, Jharsuguda, Chakradharpur, etc. The main source of income of the division is from Freight and it is one of the highest earning Division out of 67 divisions of entire Indian Railways. The major components carried by Freight Trains in this section are Coal, Iron Ore, Finished Steel, Manganese and Limestone. In Financial Year 2016-17 Chakradharpur Division crossed loading capacity of 100 Million Tonnes and the target is increasing year on year. The major industries served by the division are Tata Steel, Tata Motors, Lafarge Cement, Associate Cement Company (ACC), Orissa Cement Ltd. (OCL), Bihar Sponge Iron, SAIL Gua/Kiriburu/Manoharpur, SAIL Rourkela, Vedanta Jharsuguda, Jindal(JSW), Adhunik Ispat Alloys, Usha Martin, Mahanadi Coal Fields Ltd. (MCL), etc. and many other small and medium industries.Chota Nagpur Tributary States
The Chota Nagpur Tributary States or Chota Nagpur States were a group of non-salute states (minor princely states) at the time of British Raj, located on the Chhota Nagpur Plateau. British suzerainty over the states was exercised through the government of the Bengal Presidency.
These states were nine in number and they became part of the Indian states of Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Orissa following Indian Independence.Hamirpur district, Uttar Pradesh
Hamirpur district is one of the 75 districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India and Hamirpur town is the district headquarters. Hamirpur district is a part of Chitrakoot Division. The district occupies an area of 4,121.9 km². The district has a population of 1,042,374 (2001 census). As of 2011 it is the third least populous district of Uttar Pradesh (out of 71), after Mahoba and Chitrakoot. Two major rivers Yamuna and Betwa meet here . On the banks of river Betwa lies the "Coarse sand" which is exported to many parts in U.P.Jai Balaji group
Jai Balaji Group is a Primary Steel Plant with Captive Power Generation and plants in nine locations. It also has plans to set up a Mega Steel, Cement and Power Project at Raghunathpur.Kandra
Kandra is a census town in Saraikela Kharsawan district in the Indian state of Jharkhand, though it lies in the Seraikela-Kharsawan district of Jharkhand it is considered as an integral part of the Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region.Kharkai River
The Kharkai River is a river in eastern India. It is one of the major tributaries of the Subarnarekha River. It flows through Adityapur region of Jamshedpur
It arises in Mayurbhanj district, Odisha, on the north slopes of Darbarmela Parbat and the western slopes of Tungru Pahar, of the Simlipal Massif. It flows past Rairangpur and heads north to about Saraikela and then east, entering the Subarnarekha in northwestern Jamshedpur. Its tributaries in Orissa include the Kardkai, on the left; the Kandria, Nusa and Barhai on the right; and the Karanjia on the left. For about 9 kilometres (6 mi) below the junction with the Karanjia, the Kharkai forms the boundary between Odisha and Jharkhand State. After entering Jharkhand its tributaries include the Torlo and Ili Gara on the left. Its last major tributary is the Sanjai, entering from the left, 17 kilometres (11 mi), as the river flows, above its mouth.The valley of the lower Kharkai is quite wide and rice is the primary crop. Iron ore is mined in the mountains of the headwaters of the Kharkai, and there is a steel plant at Jamshedpur. The Kharkai Dam is located at Ichha, Odisha.Kharsawan State
Kharsawan State, also spelt Kharsua or kharaswan, was a princely state in India during the era of the British Raj. The state had a privy purse of 33,000 Rs. and was one of the nine Chota Nagpur States under the authority of the governor of Bengal Presidency. It was one of the Odia Princely states of India during the period of the British Raj and the major language spoken in the area is Odia.
The capital was the city of Kharsawan and the former area of Kharsawan State is now a part of Jharkhand, where its district is named Seraikela Kharsawan district. Kumar Aditya Narayan Singh Deo and his father Maharaj Kumar Rudra Pratap Singh Deo appreciated the name change of the district.List of districts of Jharkhand
Jharkhand, a state of India, has twenty-four administrative districts.Makar Dhwaja Darogha
Makar Dhwaja Darogha was an Indian classical dancer and guru, known for his expertise in the classical dance form of Chhau. He died on 17 February 2014 at his residence in Saraikela in Jharkhand, India due to old age illnesses. The Government of India honored him in 2011, with the fourth highest civilian award of Padma Shri.Manbhumi dialect
Manbhumi is the local Bengali dialect spoken in the district of Purulia, and adjacent area of other districts of West Bengal and Jharkhand, previously Manbhum, in Eastern India. It is one of the Bengali dialects, having very prominent Hindi and Oriya blending in it. Manbhumi has a rich tradition of folk songs sung in various occasions. Tusu songs are sung by village girls during a month-long observance of Tusu festival in villages of Purulia and some parts of Barddhaman, Bankura and Birbhum districts of West Bengal and parts of East Singhbhum, Saraikela Kharsawan, Bokaro, Dhanbad and Ranchi districts of Jharkhand. Bhadu songs, Karam songs, Baul songs and Jhumur songs are also composed in Manbhumi. Manbhumi songs are used by Chhau performers of Purulia School to depict various mythological events. Chhau is one of the distinguished dance forms of this geographical region which has been accorded the status of Intangible World Heritage by UNESCO in 2009.Railway stations in Jharkhand
Railway stations in Jharkhand are under jurisdiction of three railway zones i.e. Eastern Railway zone, East Central Railway zone & South Eastern Railway Zone.
These are the Railway stations in the state of Jharkhand.Saharanpur division
Saharanpur division is an administrative geographical unit of Uttar Pradesh state of India. The city of Saharanpur is the administrative headquarters of the division.Saraikela State
Saraikela State also spelt Seraikela, Saraikella or Seraikella, was an Odia princely state in India during the era of the British Raj. Its capital was at Saraikela.
The state had an area of 1163 km², and was one of the nine Chota Nagpur States under the authority of the governor of Bengal Presidency. The last ruler of the state, HH Raja Aditya Pratap Singh Deo, signed the merger agreement acceding to the Indian Union on 18 May 1948.Saranda forest
Saranda forest is a dense forest in the hilly region of West Singhbhum district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. This area used to be the private hunting reserve of the Singh Deo family (the erstwhile royal family of Saraikela), zamindars of manoharpur, bir kishore singh deo family and Thankur mahadev singh family. The forest covers an area of 820 km². Saranda (Serengda) literally means water is from rock Thalkobad is a scenic village at a height of 550 m (1,800 ft) in the heart of the forest. Thalkobad is about 46 km (29 mi) from Manoharpur, and about 160 km (99 mi) from Jamshedpur.
Ho people inhabit the area, which is dotted with iron ore mining towns including Gua, Chiria, Kiriburu and Noamundi.
Sal (Shorea robusta) is the most important tree in the area and it seems to have a preference for the rocky soil of the area. Although sal is a deciduous tree and sheds its leaves in early summer, the forest undergrowth is generally evergreen, which has such trees as mangoes, jamun, jackfruit, and piar. Other important trees are mahua, kusum, tilai, harin hara (Armossa rohitulea), gular (Ficus glomerata), asan.The reserved forests are the haunt of many animals. Wild elephants are common in Saranada and Porahat forests. Herds of sambar and chital roam about the forests. Bison is still found. Tigers were never numerous but they are there. Leopards are more common.1100 hectares of virgin forests of >40% canopy cover is under iron ore mining leases. Several new aspirants for mining lease are in the waiting. The forest of Saranda is the home range for several elephants and also a very important overlapping habitat of the elephants from adjacent Keonjhar district of Orissa. The perennial rivers, Karo and Koina, pass through these forested areas supporting a diverse floral and faunal resource.
The area was previously disturbed by Maoist and Naxal influences, but problems have subsided in the recent years, and it has turned out to be a major tourist hub.There are many tourist places in manoharpur region. The peak seasons between October-March are now brimming with tourists.Seraikela Kharsawan district
Seraikela-Kharsawan district or Saraikella and Kharaswan district: formerly the Princely State of Seraikella/Saraikella is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state in eastern India. Seraikela town is the district headquarters of Saraikela Kharsawan district . The district is well known for Seraikela Chhau, one of the three distinctive styles of the chhau dance. This district was carved out from West Singhbhum district in 2001.Singhbhum district
Singhbhum was a district of India during the British Raj, part of the Chota Nagpur Division of the Bengal Presidency. It was located in the present-day Indian state of Jharkhand. Chaibasa was the district headquarters. Located in the southern limit of the Chhota Nagpur Plateau, Singhbhum included the Kolhan estate located in its southeastern part. The district has been divided into three smaller districts, being East Singhbhum, West Singhbhum and Saraikela Kharsawan all are present in Jharkhand state of India.West Singhbhum district
West Singhbhum or Pashchimi Singhbhum is one of the 24 districts of Jharkhand state, India. It came into existence on 16 January 1990, when the old Singhbhum district was bifurcated. Chaibasa is the state headquarters.
The district is bounded on north by Khunti district, on the east by Saraikela Kharsawan district, on the south by Keonjhar, Mayurbhanj and Sundergarh districts of Odisha and on the west by Simdega district of Jharkhand and Sundergarh district of Odisha.
Jaduguda is first Uranium Mine in India located in Singhbhum district of Jharkhand.
Cities and towns in Kolhan division
|East Singhbhum district|
|Seraikela Kharsawan district|
|West Singhbhum district|
|Cities and towns|
in other Divisions