Santa Rosalía (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈsanta rosaˈli.a]) is a town located in the Mulegé Municipality of northern Baja California Sur, Mexico. It is on the Gulf of California coast of the Baja California Peninsula. As of 2015, the town had a population of 14,160 inhabitants. It was once a company town.
The Iglesia de Santa Bárbara, designed by Gustave Eiffel
Location in Mexico
Santa Rosalía (Mexico)
|State||Baja California Sur|
|Elevation||59 ft (18 m)|
|• Total||14,160 |
|Time zone||UTC−7 (Pacific (US Mountain))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−6 (Pacific)|
Santa Rosalía is a port city, and a regular ferry connects with Guaymas, Sonora, on the other side of the Gulf of California. At the Palo Verde Airport daily flights are available from Guaymas and twice a week from Hermosillo, Sonora. It is located along Mexican Federal Highway 1.
The town was named after Saint Rosalia, although the reason for the name is not quite clear since the Misión de Santa Rosalía is not located by the town, but rather in Mulegé, about 100 km (62 mi) south, and the local parish is devoted to Santa Bárbara.
Santa Rosalía boasts French influence, particularly in its architecture. The French company El Boleo founded the town in 1884 and exploited copper mines there until they closed in 1954. They built houses and installed the metallic Iglesia de Santa Bárbara, which is argued to have been designed by Gustave Eiffel.
Unlike many other mining sites, the industrial facilities which are located in the very middle of the town, were never dismantled. Of particular interest are the reverberatory furnace and the metallurgical converter, although they are currently not accessible by the public due to safety concerns. Old locomotives, mining equipment and machinery are visible everywhere. The main mining company offices (La dirección) have been converted into an industrial museum.
El Boleo was mined by Compagnie du Boleo, a French company, from 1885 until 1954. To prevent the economic collapse of Santa Rosalia and surrounding communities, a Mexican state-owned company (CMSRSA) assumed control and reopened the works using basically the same (rather archaic) equipment and process used by the French. The government funded operation was never profitable, and the mine was finally closed in the 1980s, when lower-grade ore and old technology made continued operation impractical.
Baja Mining, a Canadian firm, began intermittent exploration of the El Boleo mine and subsequently undertook an effort to reopen El Boleo. Baja Mining estimated that the property contains a resource of 534 million tons of ore, containing 0.59% Cu, 0.051% Co, and 0.63% Zn. Baja also hoped to produce byproduct manganese. Baja Mining, in partnership with a Korean Consortium began developing the $1.6 Billion project in 2010. In 2012 however, construction cost overruns reported by Baja Mining threatened to halt or delay construction of the project. Majority ownership interest and control of the project was transferred to the Korean consortium, in return for funding the reported cost overruns. Construction continues, with mechanical completion and copper production targeted for early 2014. In January 26, 2015 Minera y Metalurgica del Boleo obtained its first copper production from the process of crushing, leaching, extracting and electrowinning in its mine-metallurgic project "El Boleo".
Due to its location in the warm Gulf waters, which are considerably warmer than Pacific waters in the winter, the town is the northernmost (and thus closest to the US border) year-round warm locale on the main peninsular highway. Nevertheless it's not much of a tourist town and sees few snowbirds.
The following television stations broadcast on digital channel 24 in Mexico:
XHAE-TDT in Saltillo, Coahuila de Zaragoza
XHCAM-TDT in Campeche, Campeche
XHCBM-TDT in Pátzcuaro, Michoacán de Ocampo
XHCER-TDT in Chilpancingo, Guerrero
XHCGC-TDT in Nuevo Casas Grandes, Chihuahua
XHCHZ-TDT in Chihuahua, Chihuahua
XHCTDG-TDT in Durango, Durango
XHCTOB-TDT in Ciudad Obregón, Sonora
XHCTTR-TDT in Torreón, Coahuila
XHCUI-TDT in Culiacán, Sinaloa
XHCV-TDT in Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave
XHCVT-TDT in Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas
XHFM-TDT in Veracruz, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave
XHGA-TDT in Guadalajara, Jalisco
XHGAT-TDT in Atarjea, Guanajuato
XHGCN-TDT in Coroneo, Guanajuato
XHGDM-TDT in Dr. Mora, Guanajuato
XHGNB-TDT in Guerrero Negro, Baja California Sur
XHGZG-TDT in Ciudad Guzmán, Jalisco
XHHC-TDT in Monclova, Coahuila de Zaragoza
XHHSS-TDT in Hermosillo, Sonora
XHIMT-TDT in Mexico City
XHINC-TDT in Santiago Pinotepa Nacional, Oaxaca
XHJCC-TDT in San José del Cabo, Baja California Sur
XHJCH-TDT in Ciudad Jiménez, Chihuahua
XHLEJ-TDT in León, Guanajuato
XHNOA-TDT in Nogales, Sonora
XHNSA-TDT in Sabinas Hidalgo, Nuevo León
XHPUR-TDT in Puebla, Puebla
XHSLP-TDT in San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí
XHSMA-TDT in San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato
XHSRB-TDT in Santa Rosalía, Baja California SurXHTGN-TDT in Tulancingo, HidalgoXHTMYC-TDT in Mérida, YucatánXHTPG-TDT in Tepic, Nayarit
XHTX-TDT in Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas
XHTZL-TDT in Tamazunchale, San Luis Potosí
XHVAD-TDT in Valladolid, Yucatán
XHZHZ-TDT in Zacatecas, ZacatecasEl Boleo
El Boleo is a copper-cobalt-zinc-manganese deposit located adjacent to the port city of Santa Rosalía, Baja California Sur in Mexico. It includes a historic open pit copper mine, as well as underground workings. Mining began in the 1860s, and continued, off and on, until the 1980s. The property is currently under development by a consortium of Korean companies led by Korea Resources Corporation. Preliminary underground mining began in 2012. The $1.75 Billion project is scheduled for completion in 2013.Enrique Romo
Enrique Romo Navarro (born July 15, 1947) is a Mexican former professional baseball relief pitcher who played for the Seattle Mariners (1977–78) and Pittsburgh Pirates (1979–82). Romo batted and threw right-handed. He was born in Santa Rosalía, Baja California Sur, and is the younger brother of Vicente Romo, who also pitched in the majors.First Federal Electoral District of Baja California Sur
The First Federal Electoral District of Baja California Sur (I Distrito Electoral Federal de Baja California Sur) is one of the 300 Electoral Districts into which Mexico is divided for the purpose of elections to the federal Chamber of Deputies and one of two such districts in the state of Baja California Sur.
It elects one deputy to the lower house of Congress for each three-year legislative period, by means of the first past the post system.Hurricane Marty (2003)
Hurricane Marty was the deadliest tropical cyclone of the 2003 Pacific hurricane season. Forming on September 18, it became the 13th tropical storm and fourth hurricane of the year. The storm moved generally northwestward and steadily intensified despite only a marginally favorable environment for development, and became a Category 2 hurricane before making two landfalls on the Baja California peninsula and mainland Mexico.
The hurricane was responsible for significant flooding and storm surges that caused $100 million (2003 USD) in damage mostly on the peninsula of Baja California, and resulted in the deaths of 12 people. Marty affected many of the same areas that had been affected by Hurricane Ignacio a month earlier.Hurricane Nora (1997)
Hurricane Nora was only the third tropical cyclone on record to reach Arizona as a tropical storm, and one of the rare cyclones to make landfall in Baja California. Nora was the fourteenth named tropical cyclone and seventh hurricane of the 1997 Pacific hurricane season. The September storm formed off the Pacific coast of Mexico, and aided by waters warmed by the 1997–98 El Niño event, eventually peaked at Category 4 intensity on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane scale.
Nora took an unusual path, making landfall twice as a hurricane in the Baja California Peninsula. Weakening quickly after landfall, its remnants lashed the Southwestern United States with tropical-storm-force winds, torrential rain and flooding. The storm was blamed for two direct casualties in Mexico, as well as substantial beach erosion on the Mexican coast, flash flooding in Baja California, and record precipitation in Arizona. It persisted far inland and eventually dissipated near the Arizona–Nevada border.Iglesia de Santa Bárbara (Santa Rosalía)
Iglesia de Santa Bárbara is a prefabricated iron church in Santa Rosalía, Baja California Sur, Mexico. It was designed by Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel in 1884, and built in 1887. First shown at the 1889 Exposition Universelle of Paris, France, it was moved to Brussels, where it was acquired by the Boleo Mining Company who installed it in Santa Rosalia in late 1897.List of airports in Mexico
This is a list of airports in Mexico, sorted by location.
Only major national and international airports are shown.Pacific Naval Force
The Pacific Naval Force (Fuerza Naval del Pacífico) is the Mexican Navy's presence in the Pacific Ocean. Its headquarters is in Manzanillo, Colima. The Pacific Naval Force was created in the same date as its Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea counterpart on February 11, 1972. The Surface ships are the main components of The Naval Force and is the means to secure and to operate sea control in strategic areas. Main objectives of the Naval force is to Defend the sovereignty and integrity of Mexico from sea, protect vital naval installations,protect human life and maintain marine traffic and maintain the rule of law in national waters.Palo Verde Airport
Palo Verde Airport (IATA: SRL) is a paved airstrip located in San Bruno, a town 30 km south of Santa Rosalía, Baja California Sur, Mexico. The airstrip is also known as "Chivato Bay" and the CIB code is used as its identifier. It handles aviation for the city of Santa Rosalía.Rafael Aguilar Talamantes
Rafael Aguilar Talamantes (October 24, 1939 in Mulegé, Santa Rosalía, Baja California Sur – July 17, 2016 in Ciudad de México, México) was a Mexican politician.
Talamantes graduated from the National School of Economics at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (Spanish: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México) (UNAM) in 1962 where he attended from 1958. He returned to UNAM in 1971 to the National School of Law where he attended until 1976, leaving without completing his degree. Originally a member of the Mexican Communist Party, he became a political prisoner in 1966 apprehended in the Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo in Michoacán on October 8 of that year. Talamantes was imprisoned on charges of property damage to the nation.San Lucas Military Airstrip
San Lucas Military Airstrip (IATA: N/A) is the military dirt airstrip located at Military Camp Number 40-C, located in San Lucas, 5 km South of Santa Rosalía, Municipality of Mulegé, Baja California Sur, Mexico, just on the Gulf of California coast. This military camp is the base of the 16th Infantry Company, that depends from the 40th Military Zone based in Guerrero Negro, BCS. The airstrip is handled by the Mexican Army and is used solely for military aviation purposes.Santa María de Mulegé Airport
Santa María de Mulegé Airport or Playa María Airport is an airstrip located North of Santa Rosalía, Baja California Sur, Mexico. It is handled by the Municipality of Mulegé Government. The SMM code is used as identifier.Santa Rosalía
Santa Rosalía may refer to:
ColombiaSanta Rosalía, Vichada
Santa Rosalía AirportMexicoSanta Rosalía, Baja California Sur
Santa Rosalía, Chihuahua in Matamoros (municipality of Chihuahua)
Santa Rosalía, Jalisco
Santa Rosalía, Tamaulipas in Mexican area code 891Vicente Romo
Vicente Romo Navarro (born April 12, 1943) is a former professional baseball pitcher. A right-hander, Romo played all or part of eight seasons in Major League Baseball between 1968 and 1982, primarily as a relief pitcher. He had an extensive career in Mexico, where his career spanned 25 seasons from 1962–86, and he was elected to the Salón de la Fama del Beisbol Profesional de México (the Mexican Professional Baseball Hall of Fame) in 1992. He is the older brother of fellow major league pitcher Enrique Romo.XHESR-FM
XHESR-FM is a radio station on 91.7 FM in Santa Rosalía, Baja California Sur.XHOLP-FM
XHOLP-FM is a community radio station on 93.3 FM in Santa Rosalía, Baja California Sur. It is known as Radio Kashana and owned by Ondas de la Playa, A.C.XHRLA-FM
XHRLA-FM is a radio station on 95.7 FM in Santa Rosalía, Baja California Sur. The station is branded as Radio La Giganta.
|Climate data for Santa Rosalía, Baja California Sur (1951–2010)|
|Record high °C (°F)||34.0
|Average high °C (°F)||21.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||16.5
|Average low °C (°F)||11.9
|Record low °C (°F)||3.5
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||8.3
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||1.0||0.8||0.3||0.1||0.1||0.1||0.8||1.5||1.5||0.8||0.6||1.2||8.8|
|Average relative humidity (%)||60||58||55||50||52||55||58||62||62||58||58||55||57|
|Source: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (humidity, 1981–2000)|
La Paz (capital)