Santa Pola (Valencian and Spanish: [ˈsanta ˈpola]) is a coastal town located in the comarca of Baix Vinalopó in the Valencian Community, Spain, by the Mediterranean Sea. It has an area of 58.6 km2 (23 sq mi) and has a population of 30,000 inhabitants of whom 10,000 are residents of the nearby town of Gran Alacant.
The town has an important salt evaporation pond known as the salines which remains in business, additionally, most of it is recognized as the Natural Park of Salines de Santa Pola, an important RAMSAR site. The town was settled over the ruins of a Roman village called Portus Ilicitanus (literally, Harbour of Elche); after being abandoned for decades, then a castle was constructed in the 16th century which marked the repopulation of Santa Pola. The town has an archeological museum covering these phases.
Santa Pola is, at present, a coastal fishing and tourist town. Population more than doubles during the summer, with people coming mostly from the rest of the Alicante province, and also from the Basque autonomous community, Madrid, France and the UK, just to mention some. The nearby island of Tabarca (part of Alicante) can be visited by ship.
The new town of Gran Alacant, 5 km (3 mi) north of Santa Pola along the Alicante bay, accounts for about one third of the population of the district. Next to it is the Carabasi area, a nature reserve. Gran Alacant lies only a few kilometres from Alicante Airport and a few hundred metres from the town of Los Arenales which is located in the Elche district.
In June 2009, the Valencian Government announced that the Alicante Tram system will be extended southwards via Alicante Airport and El Altet, to stations in Gran Alacant and Santa Pola and then onwards to Guardamar and Torrevieja before terminating in Murcia.
Fortress Castle of Santa Pola
Coat of arms
Location of Santa Pola in Spain
|Autonomous municipality||Valencian Community|
|• Mayor||Yolanda Seva Ruiz (PSOE)|
|• Total||58.6 km2 (22.6 sq mi)|
|Elevation||6 m (20 ft)|
|• Density||540/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
The name is derived from Saint Paula, itself derived from Saint Paul the apostole, who arrived at Tabarca island, as tradition holds. However, it is likely that the name comes from Latin "palus", thence "pauls", finally "pol".
The first settlements in the area remount to the third millennium BC, proof of which have been tools and paintings from the Neolithic found in the Cueva de las Arañas del Carabassí, as well as remains found from hunter-gatherers of the Palaeolithic in the Cueva de las Teresitas.
During the fourth century BCE, a small walled settlement was built near Vanalopó river. It served mainly as a Greek-Iberia economical hub. During the first century CE, near the former site a port was built, serving the city of Illici, named Portus Illicitanus (Greek: Ἰλλικιτάνος Λιμήν) (cited by Claudius Ptolemy in Geography).
This port proved paramount for the development of the region's maritime commerce, together with Cartagena's. In 460 AC, emperor Mayoriano's flotilla set sail to attack north African vandals, but was burnt at that same port. From the Roman settlement a necropolis is still in place, as well as a fish-salting factory and the Roman House of Palmeral. Their remains are described as back as 1621 by Cristòfol Sanz, although they were excavated during the 20th century.
Economical activity in this region is based on agriculture, craft-making and fishing. 1.3% of the population was dedicated to agriculture in 2003, and that's only successful when coupled with artificial watering systems, needed for the 200 hectares of orange trees (102ha), mandarin trees (74ha), and pomegranate trees (18ha), together with 230ha used for vegetables such as melons, shallots, broccoli, etc.
According to article 35 of law n° 4/1983 (23 November), Santa Pola's official language is Valencian, together with Spanish (Spanish Constitution, article n°3, 1978). INE's latest census shows that 90% of the population speaks Valencian. There has been an increased positive trend in the influx of new language influences, in part due to immigration patterns in the region. This has caused suburbs such as Gran Alacant to have a significant population of English speakers.
On August 9, 2002, the separatist Basque terrorist organization, ETA, placed an explosive in the toilets of a hamburger restaurant, located a few meters from a tourist office, the Alicante town of Torrevieja. No one died or was injured, although it caused serious material damage.ETA claimed responsibility for the attack through a call to the Basque newspaper Gara, which also said it had placed a bomb on the beach in Santa Pola, which was found days later in palm trees.2005 Tercera División play-offs
The 2005 Tercera División play-offs to Segunda División B from Tercera División (Promotion play-offs) were the final playoffs for the promotion from 2004–05 Tercera División to 2005–06 Segunda División B. In some groups four teams took part in the play-off while other groups have only three.
The teams highlighted in yellow played the Liguilla de Ascenso to Segunda Division B.
The teams highlighted in red were relegated to Regional Divisions.2018 vote of no confidence in the government of Mariano Rajoy
A motion of no confidence in the Spanish government of Mariano Rajoy was held between 31 May and 1 June 2018. The motion was registered by the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) on 25 May after the ruling People's Party (PP) was found to have profited from the illegal kickbacks-for-contracts scheme of the Gürtel case. The motion was successful and resulted in the downfall of Mariano Rajoy's government and in PSOE leader Pedro Sánchez becoming new Prime Minister of Spain. Rajoy announced on 5 June 2018 his resignation as PP leader after having led the party for 14 years.Prior to his ouster, Rajoy had hinted at the possibility he may not seek re-election for a third term in office. After resigning as PP leader, he confirmed his withdrawal from politics altogether, vacating his seat in the Congress of Deputies and returning to his position as property registrar in Santa Pola.This was the fourth motion of no confidence since the Spanish transition to democracy and the first to be successful, as well the second to be submitted against Mariano Rajoy after the Unidos Podemos's motion in the previous year.Aquisalimonas lutea
Aquisalimonas lutea is a Gram-negative, moderately halophilic, strictly aerobic and motile bacterium from the genus of Aquisalimonas which has been isolated from water of a saltern from Santa Pola in Spain.Baix Vinalopó
The Baix Vinalopó (Valencian pronunciation: [ˈbajʒ vinaloˈpo]; Spanish: Bajo Vinalopó) is a comarca in the province of Alicante (Valencian Community, Spain). It is bordered by the comarques of Vinalopó Mitjà and Alacantí on the north and Vega Baja del Segura on the south. Its capital is the city of Elx/Elche, with a population of some 230,000 people live. The other major towns in the comarca are Crevillent and Santa Pola.
Vinalopó river flows through this comarca giving its name to it (Baix Vinalopó is Valencian for "Lower Vinalopó"), even though nowadays is just a tiny stream more than a proper river. The territory is mostly flat except for some of the last ranges belonging to the Baetic System which appear here near the border with the neighbouring comarcas Vinalopó Mitjà, following a general southwest-northeast trend. The highest peaks are found in the Serra de Crevillent, a mountain range close to Crevillent, being its highest the Sant Gaietà with its 816 metres, a local hiking attraction.
Its climate is dry, with scarce rainfalls—below the Mediterranean climate threshold—which happen mostly in Autumn and Spring amounting an average of 250–300 mm per year and showing relatively warm mean temperatures. Among the herbaceous species, esparto and shrub deserve to be mentioned due to their industrial value in the past. Some important natural places are the swamps in the lower part of the comarca known as El Fondo Natural Park and the Salines de Santa Pola Natural Park, both Ramsar sites.
The comarca is highly industrial, especially in its capital, Elx/Elche, and also in the town of Crevillent. Agriculture is also an important activity in the area. In the coastline around Santa Pola the main activity is tourism, fisheries and sea salt.Battle of Cartagena (461)
The Battle of Cartagena occurred on May 13, 460 (or 461) and was part of the Wars of Majorian. Although many sources call it batte of Cartagena, the battle did not take place at Cartagena but on the coast of Roman Carthaginensis province at Portus Ilicitanus (today Santa Pola) in the bay of Alicante. Since Portus Ilicitanus was the port of Elche (Ilici), the battle is sometimes referred as battle of Elche.
460: Eo anno captae sunt naves a Vandalis ad Elecem juxta Carthaginem Spartariam.Costa Blanca
The Costa Blanca (Valencian: [ˈkɔsta ˈβlaŋka], Spanish: [ˈkosta ˈβlaŋka], literally meaning "White Coast") is over 200 kilometres (120 mi) of Mediterranean coastline in the Alicante province, on the southeastern coast of Spain. It extends from the town of Dénia in the north, beyond which lies the Costa del Azahar (or Costa dels Tarongers), to Pilar de la Horadada in the south, beyond which lies the Costa Cálida. Costa Blanca has a well-developed tourism industry and is a popular destination for British and German tourists.
The localities along the Costa Blanca are Alicante (Alicante/Alacant), Altea, Benidorm, Benissa (Benisa), Calp (Calpe), Dénia (Denia), Elche (Elche/Elx), El Campello (Campello), Finestrat, Guardamar del Segura, L'Alfàs del Pi (Alfaz del Pi), Orihuela Costa, Pilar de la Horadada, Santa Pola, Teulada–Moraira, Torrevieja, Villajoyosa (Villajoyosa/La Vila Joiosa) and Xàbia (Xàbia/Jávea). Benidorm and Alicante cities are the major tourist centres.Franklin Chepkwony
Franklin Chepkwony (born 15 June 1984), sometimes spelled Frankline, is a Kenyan professional long-distance runner. He has a marathon personal best time of 2:06:11 hours.Chepkwony's first marathon run came at the 2011 Nairobi Marathon, where he placed second in a time of two hours and eleven minutes. He made his international marathon debut at the 2012 Zurich Marathon, winning with a time of 2:10:57. Later that year, Chepkwony set a personal best of 2:06:11 when finishing second at the Eindhoven Marathon in October, 25 seconds behind compatriot Dickson Chumba. This time ranked him 26th in the world over the distance for that year.In 2013, Chepkwony won the Seoul International Marathon in 2:06:59, taking home $80,000 for winning the race under 2:10:00. He ran his second marathon in the Netherlands in October, but did not perform as well as he had in Eindhoven, coming seventh in the Amsterdam Marathon in a time of 2:09:53 hours. In November he won the Boulogne-Billancourt Half Marathon in France, setting a course record of 1:00:11.He opened the following season at the Santa Pola Half Marathon, coming second. In April, Chepkwony finished third in the 2014 Boston Marathon, his first top finish in the World Marathon Majors, behind American Meb Keflezighi and Kenyan Wilson Chebet.Chepkwony is a training partner of Dennis Kimetto and Geoffrey Mutai.José Francisco Agulló Sevilla
José Francisco Agulló Sevilla (born 1 June 1992), known as José Fran, is a Spanish footballer who plays for CF Fuenlabrada as a left winger.La Marina
La Marina is a coastal village administered by the city of Elche, in the province of Alicante on Spain's Costa Blanca. Nearby inland is a large urbanisation built from the mid-1980s onwards confusingly also called La Marina: more correctly called Urbanisation La Marina. The village is on the Costa Azul bus route providing access northwards to Alicante and southbound to Torrevieja and ultimately Cartagena.
La Marina is a district in the municipality of Elche, province of Alicante. It is located by the Mediterranean sea, by the mountain range of Sierra del Molar, very close to Guardamar del Segura and by the salt pans (Salinas) of Santa Pola. The 1'5 km long beach receives the same name. The main access to La Marina is through national road N-332.List of twin towns and sister cities in Spain
This is a list of places in Spain having standing links to local communities in other countries. In most cases, the association, especially when formalised by local government, is known as "town twinning" (though other terms, such as "partner towns" or "sister cities" are sometimes used instead), and while most of the places included are towns, the list also comprises villages, cities, districts, counties, etc. with similar links.Manuel Blázquez
Manuel José Blázquez López (born March 22, 1989 in Albacete, Castile-La Mancha, Spain), commonly known as Manolo Blázquez, is a Spanish basketball player who is best known for his time at the CB Lucentum Alicante of the Asociación de Clubs de Baloncesto (ACB).
He started to play in Escuelas Pías of Albacete. In 2005 he was signed by Alicante Costa Blanca to play in the junior team but in 2007 he began his professional career with Alicante Costa Blanca in the ACB league. Since 2008, he played for Liga EBA (4th division) teams as Meridiano Santa Pola, Adesavi San Vicente and La Roda Caja Rural, until he signed, in 2013, for Albacete Basket, returning to his native city.In 2014, he started studying to become sports teacher in Alicante.Santa Pola CF
Santa Pola Club de Fútbol is a football team based in Santa Pola in the autonomous community of Valencian Community. Founded in 1980, it plays in the Regional Preferente – Group 4. Its stadium is Municipal Manolo Maciá.Spiribacter aquaticus
Spiribacter aquaticus is a Gram-negative and moderately halophilic bacterium from the genus of Spiribacter which has been isolated from a solar saltern from Santa Pola in Spain.Spiribacter curvatus
Spiribacter curvatus is a Gram-negative, strictly aerobic and non-motile bacterium from the genus of Spiribacter which has been isolated from brine from a saltern from Santa Pola in Spain.Tabarca
Tabarca (Valencian: [taˈbaɾka], Spanish: [taˈβaɾka]) also known in Valencian as Nova Tabarca and Illa Plana, and in Spanish as Nueva Tabarca and Isla Plana, is an islet located in the Mediterranean Sea, close to the town of Santa Pola, in the province of Alicante, Valencian community, Spain. Tabarca is the smallest permanently inhabited islet in Spain and it is currently known for its marine reserve.Vinalopó
The Vinalopó (Valencian pronunciation: [vinaloˈpo]) is a small river flowing through the Alacant province, of Spain. It flows from north to south and, with a length of 81 km., it is the longest of the rivers which flows for its entire length within the limits of this province. It discharges into the Mediterranean at Salinas de Santa Pola.For some historians, it corresponds to the Alebus incidentally mentioned by Avienus in his Ora Maritima.
Three comarcas (districts) in the Alicante province are named after it: Alt Vinalopó, Vinalopó Mitjà and Baix Vinalopó which mean, respectively, Upper Vinalopó, Middle Vinalopó and Lower Vinalopó.
Its source lies in a mountainous part of the northwest part of the Alicante province, between Bocairent and Banyeres de Mariola in an area known as Els Bruchs. It does not currently discharge into the Mediterranean Sea, but due to its diminished flow in the lower part of its course, it fades out into a series of small irrigation channels (séquies) which flow south of Elx/Elche into the marshes known as El Fondo Natural Park and the Salines de Santa Pola Natural Park.
The river, despite having been tiny during historical times, represents a significant corridor through the generally mountainous terrain surrounding it, along which several cities were settled, namely, from north to south, Banyeres de Mariola, Villena, Sax, Elda, Petrer, Novelda and Elx/Elche.Zach Andrews
Zachary Leon Andrews (born March 9, 1985) is an American professional basketball player who last played for the Northern Arizona Suns of the NBA G League. He grew up in Rancho Cordova, California and played college basketball for Yuba College and Bradley University.
Municipalities of Baix Vinalopó
Municipalities of the province of Alicante