Sangli State

Sangli State was one of the 11-gun salute Maratha princely states of British India. It was under the Kolhapur-Dekkan Residency in the Bombay Presidency, and later the Deccan States Agency.

The Principality of Sangli covered an area of 2,880 square kilometers and had a population of 226,128 in 1901, while the population of the town itself was 16,829 in that year.

The capital of the state was Sangli. The city derives its name from "Saha Galli" ("Six Lanes" in Marathi).

Sangli State
Princely State of British India

1782–1948
Flag of Sangli
Flag
Location of Sangli
Sangli State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
History
 •  Established 1782
 •  Independence of India 1948
Area
 •  1901 2,880 km2 (1,112 sq mi)
Population
 •  1901 137,268 
Density 47.7 /km2  (123.4 /sq mi)
Today part of Maharashtra, India
Sangli State 5R Court Fee on 50R stamp paper 1934
A 1934 stamped paper from Sangli State.

History

Sangli was part of Maratha Empire, for it had been one of the Southern Maratha Jagirs. However, there are no direct references mentioning Sangli before 1801. During the time of Shivaji, Sangli, Miraj and surrounding areas were captured from the Mughal Empire. Until 1801, Sangli was included in the Miraj Jagir. The First Chintamanrao Appasaheb Patwardhan established a different principality with Sangli as the capital city.

On 5 May 1819 Sangli State became a British protectorate. Its territory was widely scattered among other native states and British districts.[1]

The last ruler of Sangli was Capt. HH Shrimant Raja Saheb Sir Chintamanrao II Dhundirajrao Appasaheb Patwardhan. Sangli joined the Dominion of India on 19 February 1948 and is currently a part of the state of Maharashtra.[2]

Rulers

The rulers of Sangli State were Hindu and belonged to the Patwardhan dynasty. They used the title of 'Rao'. The last ruler adopted the title 'Raja'[3]

The Patwardhan rulers were of the Chitpavan Brahmin caste, originally from the Kotawada in Ratnagiri. Haribhat, who was the family priest of another Chitpavan Brahmin, the chief of Ichalkaranji. Three of Haribhat's sons served Peshwa and distinguished themselves during various conquests. The Peshwa awarded them Jagirs of Jamkhandi State, Miraj, Sangli and Kurundwad, to honor their bravery and courage.[4]

Raos

  • 1782 – 15 Jul 1851 Chintaman Rao I "Appa Sahib" (b. 1776 - d. 1851)
  • 1782 - 1801 Gangadharrao -Regent
  • 15 Jul 1851 – 12 Dec 1901 Dhundi Rao Chintaman Rao "Tatya Sahib" (b. 1838 - d. 1901)
    • 15 Jul 1851 – 12 Jul 1860 .... -Regent
  • 12 Dec 1901 – 1 Jun 1932 Chintaman Rao II Dhundi Rao "Appa Sahib" (b. 1890 - d. 1965) (from 1 Jan *1923, Sir Chintaman Rao II Dhundi Rao)
  • 12 Dec 1901 – 2 Jun 1910 Richard John Charles Burke -Regent (b. 1878 - d. 1960)

Raja

See also

References

  1. ^ Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Sangli" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 24 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 150.
  2. ^ Maharashtra State Gazetteers: Sholapur. Director of Government Printing, Stationery and Publications, Maharashtra State. 1977. p. 869.
  3. ^ List of rulers of Sangli
  4. ^ Jadeja, Arjunsinh (22 October 2013). "The migrant rulers of Jamkhandi" (Bangalore). Deccan Herald. Retrieved 2 February 2015.

Coordinates: 16°52′01″N 74°34′01″E / 16.867°N 74.567°E

1851 in India

Events in the year 1851 in India.

Asha Bhosle

Asha Bhosle (born 8 September 1933), is an Indian playback singer. She is best known for her playback singing in Hindi cinema, although she has a wider repertoire. Bhosle's career started in 1943 and has spanned over six decades. She has done playback singing for over a thousand Bollywood movies. In addition, she has recorded several private albums and participated in numerous solo concerts in India and abroad. Bhosle is the sister of playback singer Lata Mangeshkar.

Renowned for her voice range and often credited for her versatility, Bhosle's work includes film music, pop, ghazals, bhajans, traditional Indian classical music, folk songs, qawwalis, and Rabindra Sangeets. Apart from Hindi, she has sung in over 20 Indian and foreign languages. In 2006, Asha Bhosle stated that she had sung over 12,000 songs, a figure repeated by several other sources. In 2011, she was officially acknowledged by the Guinness Book of World Records as the most recorded artist in music history. The Government of India honoured her with the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 2000 and the Padma Vibhushan in 2008. In 2013, she made her debut as an actress in the film Mai, and received critical acclaim for her performance.

Bhaskar Sadashiv Soman

Admiral Bhaskar Sadashiv Soman (30 March 1913 – 8 February 1995) was an Indian naval officer and in command of the Indian Navy from 1962 to 1966 as the 4th Chief of Naval Staff.

Chintamanrao Dhundirao Patwardhan

Capt. H. H. Shrimant Raja Sir Chintamanrao Dhundirao Patwardhan (also known as Appasaheb Patwardhan) K.C.S.I, K.C.I.E was the 3rd Raja of the princely state of Sangli of British Raj during the reign (15 June 1903 – 19 February 1948 ) (but officially with full power's on 5 June 1910). He signed the accession to the Indian Union on 19 February 1948 which ended the separate existence of Sangli State.

Dhondia Wagh

Dhondia Wagh (died 10 September 1800) was a military adventurer and plunderer in 18th century India. He started his career in the service of Hyder Ali, the ruler of Mysore. During the Third Anglo-Mysore War, he deserted Ali's successor Tipu Sultan, and subsequently raided territories on the Maratha-Mysore border. After the Marathas forced him to retreat, he sought refuge from Tipu and converted to Islam, changing his name to Malik Jahan Khan. After Tipu's death in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War, he raised a force comprising soldiers from the former Mysore Army, and took control of northern part of the Mysore Kingdom. He styled himself as Ubhaya-Lokadheeshwara ("King of two Worlds"). The British East India Company as well as the Maratha Peshwa sent armies to check his rising power. He was ultimately defeated and killed by a British force led by Arthur Wellesley.

Erandoli

Earndoli is a village in Miraj Taluka in Sangli District of Maharashtra State, India. It belongs to Desh or Paschim Maharashtra region. It is in Pune Division. It is located 9 km East from the district headquarters Sangli and 361 km from State capital Mumbai

Taluka Name: Miraj

District: Sangli

State: Maharashtra

Region: Desh or Paschim Maharashtra

Division: Pune

Language: Marathi and Kannada

Time zone: IST (UTC+5:30)

Elevation / Altitude: 554 meters. Above Seal level *Telephone Code / Std Code: 0233

Pin Code: 416410

Post Office Name: Erandoli Post Office

Google Map: Erandoli

Koynanagar

Koynanagar is a town in Maharashtra, India. It is situated on the Chiplun-Sangli state highway on the banks of Koyna River. The town is small but famous for Koyna Dam and the Koyna Hydroelectric Project which is the largest completed hydroelectric project of India. An earthquake in 1967 flattened the city.

Koyna Nagar is nestled in the Western Ghats, about 746 m (2,448 ft) above sea level, and hence has a tolerable climate for most of the year.

The Nehru Gardens, the Botanical Gardens and Kumbarli Ghat viewpoint are the most popular tourist destinations in the vicinity. Hordes of picnickers, mostly from Pune, come to the area during the monsoon season, to visit waterfalls and see the rolling green hills with misty tops and foggy valleys in the Kumbarli Ghat, which is a mountain pass.

The Nehru Gardens, a landscaped garden which overlooks the Koyna Dam, is two kilometres away from the town. The Botanical Gardens is five kilometres from Nehru Park. It contains rare species of plants, some of which are used for their medicinal properties and in research. All the plants are native to the Western Ghats.

List of Brahmin dynasties and states

Brahmins occupy the highest ritual position among the four varnas of Hinduism. Since the Late Vedic period the Brahmins, who were generally classified as priests, were also rulers, zamindars, and holders of other highest administrative posts.

List of princely states of British India (alphabetical)

This is a list of Indian princely states, as they existed during the British raj prior to 1947.

Before the Partition of India in 1947, hundreds (565? ) of Princely States, also called Native States, existed in India which were not fully and formally part of British India but enjoyed a British protectorate and indirect rule. These were the parts of the Indian subcontinent which had not been conquered or annexed by the British, often former vassals of the Mughal Pashah (Emperor).

The states are listed alphabetically; this list complements the List of princely states of British India which is arranged by region/colonial agency.

Geographical and administrative assigning is indicative, as various names and borders have changed significantly, even entities (provinces, principalities) split, merged, renamed et cetera.

Furthermore, criteria of statehood (used for inclusion) differ between sources.

In some cases, several name variations or completely different names are included.

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Patwardhan

Patwardhan may refer to the surname most commonly used by members of Indian Chitpavan Brahmin families.

Rao (title)

Rao is one of the cognate Hindi variations of the (originally Hindu) title Raja(h) (like Rawal and Rawat), used as equivalent royal style in certain princely states, notably of former British India.

It was equivalent to the titles of Rai and in Pakistan Royal (Panwar) Sodha Rajput used Rao title.

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Thakkar Bapa

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Thakkarbapa visited forests in Assam, rural Bengal, drought affected areas of Orissa, Bhil belts in Gujarat and Harijan areas of Saurashtra, Mahar areas of Maharashtra, untouchables in Madras, hilly areas of Chhota Nagpur, desert of Tharparkar, foothills of Himalaya, coastal areas of Travancore with his mission of upliftment of tribal and harijans. He would always travel in third class of railway. Thakkarbapa spent 35 years of his life in service of tribal and harijans.

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Willingdon College

Willingdon College, Sangli, is a college named after the former Governor of Bombay, The 1st Baron Willingdon (who was later created The 1st Marquess of Willingdon). Lord Willingdon later served as Viceroy of India, from 1931 until 1936. The college was started on the morning of 22 June 1919 in the Sangli City. During this period, Centers of higher education and colleges were rare. With the establishment of the Willingdon College, the students in Southern Maharashtra and from the districts of Belgaum, Dharwad, Karwar and Bijapur were greatly benefited. The institute is situated in the Vishrambag area of Sangli-Miraj-Kupwad Municipal Corporation, roughly midway between the twin cities of Miraj and Sangli.

Salute States
Princely Non-salute States
Jagirs (Saranjams)
21-gun salute
19-gun salute
17-gun salute
15-gun salute
13-gun salute
11-gun salute
9-gun salute

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