Samuel Loveman

Samuel E. Loveman (January 14, 1887 – May 14, 1976) was an American poet, critic, and dramatist probably best known for his connections with writers H.P. Lovecraft and Hart Crane.

Early life and career

He spent the first 37 years of his life in Cleveland. He worked first as a cost accountant. Between 1905 and 1908 he published many poems, and again between 1919-26 in such amateur journals as Clevelander, Cartoons, Sprite, The National Amateur, and The United Amateur.

In 1918 he was drafted and spent the next year and a half at Camp Gordon, Georgia. Bronchial trouble, bad eyesight and heart trouble prevented him from being sent overseas. Upon his return to Cleveland he was unemployed for some years. Around this time he met Hart Crane and became closely associated with the 'Hart Circle'.[1] In the early 1920s he translated Charles Baudelaire and Paul Verlaine from the French, publishing them in his little magazine The Saturnian (June–July [1920]; Aug-Sept [1920]; March 1922). The third issue of this included Loveman's translations from Heinrich Heine (on which he had worked since 1909). He was a self-taught specialist in Elizabethan prose and drama, and Ancient Greek poetry. His own exotic and imaginative verse included The Hermaphrodite (begun Feb 1921; 1926) described as "a long, gorgeously evocative poem that flawlessly recreates the atmosphere of classical antiquity" and The Sphinx (a prose drama begun as early as 1918, finished by around April 1922 and published in 1926 by W. Paul Cook in the second number of his journal The Ghost.). The latter work has been called "a riot of exotic imagery and diction".[2]

Around 1923, Loveman secured employment at Eglin's, a Cleveland bookstore, but lost the position by November that year. He then followed Hart Crane and moved to New York. Crane lived one flight above Loveman in Brooklyn Heights. Loveman and Don Bregenzer assembled an anthology of essays on James Branch Cabell prior to Loveman's departure for New York. He secured employment at Dauber and Pine (booksellers) in New York, a position he retained into the 1930s. Loveman wrote an entire monograph on one of his favourite writers, Edgar Saltus, but it appears not to have survived, though he contributed a brief preface to Poppies and Mandragora (NY: 1926), a collection of poems by Edgar and Marie Saltus.[3]

In 1932 Loveman helped establish the literary magazine Trend and published various poems, essays and reviews there. A significant collection of his verse, The Hermaphrodite and Other Poems finally appeared in 1936.

Loveman made little attempt to preserve or gather his own work during his lifetime, the largest gathering perhaps being that of 23 poems published together in Hyman Bradofsky's The Californian for Summer 1935. A collection of his work, edited by S.T. Joshi and David E. Schultz, was published in 2004 as Out of the Immortal Night: Selected Works of Samuel Loveman. Despite the modest subtitle, this volume contains all Loveman poems previously published in his own collections, together with seventy poems previously uncollected, together with Loveman's fiction, essays and reviews.

His friends included Ambrose Bierce (who made protracted attempts to secure publication for Loveman's poem "In Pierrot's Garden"). Bierce put Loveman in touch with George Sterling, who in turn introduced Loveman to Sterling's protege Clark Ashton Smith. Loveman's poem "Understanding" is dedicated to Smith, and Smith drew a portrait of Loveman which survives [1]. Other friends included Allen Tate, H. P. Lovecraft (he was a member of Lovecraft's literary circle, the Kalem Club) along with Frank Belknap Long, and Hart Crane, with Loveman functioning as executor of Hart Crane's estate.[4]

Friendship with H.P. Lovecraft

H.P. Lovecraft had written the poem "To Samuel Loveman, Esquire, on His Poetry and Drama, Writ in the Elizabethan Style" (Dowdell's Bearcat, Dec 1915). Lovecraft and Loveman began correspondence in 1917. Loveman was close friends with Lovecraft during Lovecraft's New York years (he put Lovecraft in touch with the revision clients Zealia Bishop and Adolphe Danziger de Castro). Lovecraft was hugely impressed by Loveman's personal collection of rare first editions and early books including incunabula. At one point in his career Loveman, low on financial resources, was forced to sell much of this collection.

H.P. Lovecraft's story "The Statement of Randolph Carter" was based on a dream Lovecraft had, which included Loveman; Loveman became Harley Warren in the story. A manuscript of Lovecraft's story "Hypnos" (1922) has recently been discovered with the original header dedication of "To S.L.". Lovecraft's "Nyarlathotep" was also inspired by a dream he had about Loveman.

After Lovecraft's death Loveman wrote two affectionate memoirs, "Howard Phillips Lovecraft" (in Something About Cats and Other Pieces) and "Lovecraft as a Conversationalist"(Fresco, Spring 1958).[5] Loveman later bitterly repudiated the memory of Lovecraft's friendship in an essay titled "Of Gold and Sawdust" [6] when Lovecraft's ex-wife Sonia Greene (also Jewish) told him that Lovecraft was an anti-Semite. Loveman burned all his correspondence from Lovecraft; five letters and two postcards from Loveman to Lovecraft do survive; a few scraps of Loveman's letters to Lovecraft survive because Lovecraft used the versos of them for rough drafts of his stories or essays.[7][8]

Later career

Loveman wrote numerous memoirs of Hart Crane, and nursed Crane's mother Grace until her death. In the 1940s he established the Bodley Book Shop, a mail order book business in partnership with David Mann. in Greenwich Village. He dealt in old books and pre-Columbian antiquities and lived on 52nd Street, across from the popular night club Leon and Eddie's. Under the imprint of the Bodley Press he published three books including Brom Weber's Hart Crane: A Biographical and Critical Study (1948). W. Paul Cook finally issued The Sphinx in a limited edition in 1944. Loveman continued working in the book trade into an advanced age, including such venues as the Gotham Book Mart; he also established his own bookstore, which was discontinued a few years before his death. He never married. Though he claimed to have been rejected by a woman during a youthful romance, he was almost assuredly gay, and he reportedly lived with a male dancer from the Metropolitan Opera for many years. He left his entire estate to a friend, Ernest Wayne Cunningham. He published no poetry, so far as is known, for the forty years prior to his death. In 1971 he suffered a coronary but recovered. In 1972 he was resident in South Euclid, OH. He died in relative obscurity in 1976 at the Jewish Home and Hospital for the Aged.

Books by Loveman

  • Poems. Cleveland, 1911. 24-page pamphlet published at the poet's own expense. Available online:Poems by Samuel Loveman, at the Internet Archive
  • Twenty-One Letters of Ambrose Bierce. Cleveland, 1922. Published by Loveman's Cleveland friend George Kirk. Includes Loveman's poem "In Pierrot's Garden". Limited ed of 1000 copies, 50 signed, on Japanese vellum; 950 on Antique Paper. Reprinted July 1991 - West Warwick, RI: Necronomicon Press, with an introduction "Ambrose Bierce and H.P. Lovecraft" by Donald R. Burleson.
  • Loveman and Don Bregenzer (eds). A Round Table in Poictesme. Cleveland: The Colophon Club. Collection of essays on James Branch Cabell
  • The Hermaphrodite. Athol, MA: The Recluse Press, 1926. Published by W. Paul Cook.
  • The Hermaphrodite and Other Poems. Caldwell, Idaho: Caxton Printers, 1936.
  • The Sphinx: A Conversation. Athol, MA: The Recluse Press, 1944. Published by W. Paul Cook.
  • Hart Crane: A conversation with Samuel Loveman..Edited by Jay Socin and Kirby Congdon. NY: Interim Books, 1964 (500 copies).
  • Out of the Immortal Night: Selected Works of Samuel Loveman. Edited by S.T. Joshi and David E. Schultz. NY: Hippocampus Press, 2004.


  1. ^ S.T. Joshi. "Samuel Loveman: Shelley in Brooklyn". In S.T. Joshi, Emperors of Dreams: Some Notes on Weird Poetry. Sydney: P'rea Press, 2008, pp. 41-64.
  2. ^ S.T. Joshi. "Samuel Loveman: Shelley in Brooklyn". In S.T. Joshi, Emperors of Dreams: Some Notes on Weird Poetry. Sydney: P'rea Press, 2008, pp. 41-64.
  3. ^ S.T. Joshi. "Samuel Loveman: Shelley in Brooklyn". In S.T. Joshi, Emperors of Dreams: Some Notes on Weird Poetry. Sydney: P'rea Press, 2008, pp. 41-64.
  4. ^ Voelcker, Hunce. The Hart Crane Voyages. Page 17. Brownstone Press, 1967.
  5. ^ Collected in Peter H. Cannon, ed. Lovecraft Remembered
  6. ^ In Anthony Raven, ed. Saddle River, NJ: The Occult Lovecraft, 1975
  7. ^ Published in H.P., Lovecraft, Letters to Samuel Loveman and Vincent Starrett. West Warwick, RI: Necronomicon Press, 1994
  8. ^ S.T. Joshi. "Samuel Loveman: Shelley in Brooklyn". In S.T. Joshi, Emperors of Dreams: Some Notes on Weird Poetry. Sydney: P'rea Press, 2008, pp. 41-64.

Further reading

  • S.T. Joshi. "Samuel Loveman: Shelley in Brooklyn". In S.T. Joshi, Emperors of Dreams: Some Notes on Weird Poetry. Sydney: P'rea Press, 2008, pp. 41–64. (Note: This essay appears, without the title, as the Introduction to Out of the Immortal Night, 2004).
  • S.T. Joshi and David E. Schultz. "Samuel Loveman". In An H.P. Lovecraft Encyclopedia. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2001, pp. 156–58.
  • Whitbread, Thomas B. "Samuel Loveman: Poet of Eros and Thanatos". The Fossil, Vol 101, No 4, Whole No 325 (July 2005): 1-5.

External links

Clark Ashton Smith

Clark Ashton Smith (January 13, 1893 – August 14, 1961) was a self-educated American poet, sculptor, painter and author of fantasy, horror and science fiction short stories. He achieved early local recognition, largely through the enthusiasm of George Sterling, for traditional verse in the vein of Swinburne. As a poet, Smith is grouped with the West Coast Romantics alongside Joaquin Miller, Sterling, and Nora May French and remembered as "The Last of the Great Romantics" and "The Bard of Auburn". Smith's work was praised by his contemporaries. H. P. Lovecraft stated that "in sheer daemonic strangeness and fertility of conception, Clark Ashton Smith is perhaps unexcelled", and Ray Bradbury said that Smith "filled my mind with incredible worlds, impossibly beautiful cities, and still more fantastic creatures".Smith was one of "the big three of Weird Tales, with Robert E. Howard and H. P. Lovecraft", but some readers objected to his morbidness and violation of pulp traditions. The fantasy critic L. Sprague de Camp said of him that "nobody since Poe has so loved a well-rotted corpse." Smith was a member of the Lovecraft circle and his literary friendship with Lovecraft lasted from 1922 until Lovecraft's death in 1937. His work is marked by an extraordinarily rich and ornate vocabulary, a cosmic perspective and a vein of sardonic and sometimes ribald humor.

Of his writing style, Smith stated: "My own conscious ideal has been to delude the reader into accepting an impossibility, or series of impossibilities, by means of a sort of verbal black magic, in the achievement of which I make use of prose-rhythm, metaphor, simile, tone-color, counter-point, and other stylistic resources, like a sort of incantation."

Frank Belknap Long

Frank Belknap Long (April 27, 1901 – January 3, 1994) was an American writer of horror fiction, fantasy, science fiction, poetry, gothic romance, comic books, and non-fiction. Though his writing career spanned seven decades, he is best known for his horror and science fiction short stories, including early contributions to the Cthulhu Mythos. During his life, Long received the World Fantasy Award for Life Achievement (at the 1978 World Fantasy Convention), the Bram Stoker Award for Lifetime Achievement (in 1987, from the Horror Writers Association), and the First Fandom Hall of Fame Award (1977).

H. P. Lovecraft

Howard Phillips Lovecraft (US: ; August 20, 1890 – March 15, 1937) was an American writer who achieved posthumous fame through his influential works of horror fiction. He was virtually unknown and published only in pulp magazines before he died in poverty, but he is now regarded as one of the most significant 20th-century authors of horror and weird fiction.Lovecraft was born in Providence, Rhode Island, where he spent most of his life. Among his most celebrated tales are "The Rats in the Walls," "The Call of Cthulhu," At the Mountains of Madness, The Shadow over Innsmouth, and The Shadow Out of Time, all canonical to the Cthulhu Mythos. Lovecraft was never able to support himself from earnings as an author and editor. He saw commercial success increasingly elude him in this latter period, partly because he lacked the confidence and drive to promote himself. He subsisted in progressively strained circumstances in his last years; an inheritance was completely spent by the time he died of cancer, at age 46.

H. P. Lovecraft bibliography

This is a complete list of works by H. P. Lovecraft. Dates for the fiction, collaborations and juvenilia are in the format: composition date / first publication date, taken from An H. P. Lovecraft Encyclopedia by S. T. Joshi and D. E. Schultz, Hippocampus Press, New York, 2001. For other sections, dates are the time of composition, not publication. Many of these works can be found on Wikisource.

Harley Warren

Harley Warren is a fictional character created by H. P. Lovecraft, based on his friend Samuel Loveman (1887–1976). Lovecraft had a dream about Loveman, which inspired him to write the short story "The Statement of Randolph Carter" in 1919. In the story, Warren is a mysterious occultist and friend of Carter (Lovecraft's alter ego), who suffers a gruesome but undefined fate while exploring a crypt in Big Cypress Swamp.

Lovecraft mentions Warren in two other short stories. In "The Silver Key", which he wrote in 1926, he describes Harley Warren as "a man in the south, who was shunned and feared for the blaspemous [sic] things he read in prehistoric books and clay tablets smuggled from India and Arabia". The story's sequel, "Through the Gates of the Silver Key", presents Warren as an expert linguist who has mastered the primal Naacal language of the Himalayas. Lovecraft cowrote this latter work with E. Hoffmann Price; they collaborated on the piece from October 1932 to April 1933.

What singles out Warren from Lovecraft's many other doomed characters is his self-sacrificial, gentle nature (he pleads with Carter to put back the crypt's slab and flee while he still has a chance to get away), combined with a sinister element that is more in keeping with Lovecraft's other ambiguous anti-heroes such as Richard Upton Pickman and Herbert West (Carter describes Warren's expression as "disquieting" when he talks about his occult theories).

In a letter to Clark Ashton Smith, Lovecraft proposes that Warren may have been destroyed by a "begetting entity" in Smith's tale "The Nameless Offspring".

A character who bears a resemblance to Warren is Clark Ashton Smith's antehuman sorcerer Haon-Dor (from "The Seven Geases"), another seeker after forbidden lore. Warren is also mentioned in Brian Lumley's Titus Crow series as a member of a Bostonian group of psychics.

Hippocampus Press

Hippocampus Press is an American publisher of fantasy, horror and science fiction, and specializes in "the works of H. P. Lovecraft and his literary circle." As of 2017, it has issued over 200 publications, including editions of the complete fiction, essays, and poetry of Lovecraft, and thirteen volumes in the ongoing series of Lovecraft's Collected Letters.

Hypnos (short story)

"Hypnos" is a short story by American horror fiction writer H. P. Lovecraft, penned in March 1922 and first published in the May 1923 issue of National Amateur.

Kalem Club

The Kalem Club was a literary circle in New York that formed around the American fantasy writer H. P. Lovecraft from 1924–1927. It gained its name because the surnames of the original members all began with K, L or M.Members of the club included:

George Willard Kirk (1898–1962)

Rheinhart Kleiner (1892–1949)

Herman Charles Koenig (1893–1959)

Frank Belknap Long (1901–94)

H. P. Lovecraft (1890–1937)

Samuel Loveman (1887–1976)

Henry Everett McNeil (1862–1929)

James Ferdinand Morton, Jr. (1870–1941)

List of speculative poets

This is a list of speculative poets. People on this list should have articles of their own, and should meet the Wikipedia notability guidelines for their poetry. Please place names on the list only if there is a real and existing article on the poet.

Lovecraft Remembered

Lovecraft Remembered is a collection of memoirs about American writer H. P. Lovecraft, edited by Peter Cannon. It was released in 1998 by Arkham House in an edition of 3,579 copies. Nearly all the memoirs from previous Arkham publications of Lovecraft miscellany are included.


Loveman is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Gary Loveman (born c. 1960), American chief executive

Robert Loveman (1864–1923), American poet

Samuel Loveman (1887–1976), American poet, critic, and dramatist


Nyarlathotep is a character in the works of H. P. Lovecraft and other writers. The character is commonly known in association with its role as a malign deity in the Lovecraft Mythos fictional universe, where it is known as the Crawling Chaos. First appearing in Lovecraft's 1920 prose poem of the same name, he was later mentioned in other works by Lovecraft and by other writers and in the tabletop role-playing games making use of the Cthulhu Mythos. Later writers describe him as one of the Outer Gods.

Nyarlathotep (short story)

"Nyarlathotep" is a prose poem by H. P. Lovecraft. It was written in 1920 and first saw publication in that year's November issue of The United Amateur. The poem itself is a bleak view of human civilization in decline, and it explores the mixed sensations of desperation and defiance in a dying society.

S. T. Joshi

Sunand Tryambak Joshi (born 22 June 1958), known as S. T. Joshi, is an American literary critic, novelist, and a leading figure in the study of H. P. Lovecraft and other authors of weird and fantastic fiction. Besides having written what critics such as Harold Bloom and Joyce Carol Oates consider to be the definitive biography of Lovecraft, I Am Providence: The Life and Times of H. P. Lovecraft (Hippocampus Press, 2 vols., 2010 [originally published in one volume as H. P. Lovecraft: A Life, 1996]), Joshi has prepared (with David E. Schultz) several annotated editions of works by Ambrose Bierce. He has also written on crime novelist John Dickson Carr and on Lord Dunsany, Algernon Blackwood and M. R. James, and has edited collections of their works, as well as collections of the best work of numerous other weird writers.

He has compiled bibliographies of Lovecraft, Bierce, Dunsany, Ramsey Campbell, Ray Bradbury and Clark Ashton Smith. He has been general editor of the Horror Classics series for Dover Publications.

Joshi is known for his acerbic style, and has been described by editor Ellen Datlow as 'the nastiest reviewer in the field'. Most recently he has turned his attention to collecting and editing the works of H. L. Mencken. He currently resides in Seattle, Washington.

Something About Cats and Other Pieces

Something About Cats and Other Pieces is a collection of fantasy, horror and science fiction short stories, poetry and essays by American author H. P. Lovecraft. It was released in 1949 and was the fourth collection of Lovecraft's work published by Arkham House.

The stories for this volume were selected by August Derleth.

Sonia Greene

Sonia Haft Greene Lovecraft Davis (16 March 1883 – 26 December 1972) was an American one-time pulp fiction writer and amateur publisher, a single mother, business woman and milliner who bankrolled several fanzines in the early twentieth century. She is best known for her two-year marriage to American weird fiction writer H. P. Lovecraft. She was a president of the United Amateur Press Association.

The Death of Halpin Frayser

"The Death of Halpin Frayser" is a Gothic ghost story by Ambrose Bierce. It was first published in the San Francisco periodical The Wave on December 19, 1891 before appearing in the 1893 collection Can Such Things Be?

The Statement of Randolph Carter

"The Statement of Randolph Carter" is a short story by American writer H. P. Lovecraft. Written in December 1919, it was first published in The Vagrant, May 1920. It tells of a traumatic event in the life of Randolph Carter, a student of the occult loosely representing Lovecraft himself. It is the first story in which Carter appears. Its adaptations include the film The Unnamable II: The Statement of Randolph Carter.

W. Paul Cook

William Paul Cook (August 31, 1881 – January 22, 1948) was a writer, printer and publisher. He wrote under his own name and the pseudonym Willis T. Crossman and was a leading figure in the hobbyist tradition of amateur journalism. He lived and wrote mostly in Vermont and Massachusetts.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.