Samuel L. Jackson

Samuel Leroy Jackson (born December 21, 1948) is an American actor and film producer. A recipient of critical acclaim and numerous accolades and awards, Jackson is the actor whose films have made the highest total gross revenue.

He came to prominence in the early 1990s with films such as Goodfellas (1990), Jungle Fever (1991), Patriot Games (1992), Amos & Andrew (1993), True Romance (1993), Jurassic Park (1993) and his collaborations with director Quentin Tarantino including Pulp Fiction (1994), Jackie Brown (1997), Django Unchained (2012), and The Hateful Eight (2015). He is a highly prolific actor, having appeared in over 100 films, including Die Hard with a Vengeance (1995), A Time to Kill (1996), The Long Kiss Goodnight (1996), The Negotiator (1998), Deep Blue Sea (1999), Unbreakable (2000), Shaft (2000), XXX (2002), Snakes on a Plane (2006), Kong: Skull Island (2017) and the Star Wars prequel trilogy (1999–2005).

With Jackson's permission, his likeness was used for the Ultimate version of the Marvel Comics character Nick Fury. He has subsequently played Fury in the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) films Iron Man (2008), Iron Man 2 (2010), Thor (2011), Captain America: The First Avenger (2011), The Avengers (2012), Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014), Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015), Avengers: Infinity War (2018), and Captain Marvel (2019) and will reprise his role in Spider-Man: Far From Home (2019), as well as the TV show Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.

Jackson has provided his voice to several animated films, television series and video games, including the roles of Lucius Best / Frozone in Pixar Animation Studios' films The Incredibles (2004) and Incredibles 2 (2018), Mace Windu in Star Wars: The Clone Wars (2008), Whiplash in Turbo, Afro Samurai in the anime television series Afro Samurai (2007), and Frank Tenpenny in the video game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas (2004).

Jackson is married to LaTanya Richardson, with whom he has a daughter, Zoe.

Jackson is ranked as the highest all-time box office star with over $5.15 billion total US box office gross, an average of $70.5 million per film.[1] The worldwide box office total of his films (excluding cameo appearances) is over $12 billion.[2] He became the top-grossing actor in October 2011, surpassing Frank Welker.[3]

Samuel L. Jackson
Portrait photograph of Jackson at 2014 San Diego Comic-Con
Jackson in 2014
Born
Samuel Leroy Jackson

December 21, 1948 (age 70)
Alma materMorehouse College (B.A.)
OccupationActor, film producer
Years active1972–present
Spouse(s)
Children1
AwardsList of awards and nominations received by Samuel L. Jackson
WebsiteSamuelLJackson.com

Early life

Jackson was born in Washington, D.C.,[4] the son of Elizabeth (née Montgomery) and Roy Henry Jackson.[5] He grew up as an only child in Chattanooga, Tennessee.[4][6] His father lived away from the family in Kansas City, Missouri, and later died from alcoholism. Jackson met his father only twice during his life.[7][8] Jackson was raised by his mother, who was a factory worker and later a supplies buyer for a mental institution, and by his maternal grandparents and extended family.[7][9] According to DNA tests, Jackson partially descends from the Benga people of Gabon.[10]

Jackson attended several segregated schools[11] and graduated from Riverside High School in Chattanooga.[4] Between the third and 12th grades, he played the French horn and trumpet in the school orchestra.[12][13] Jackson also played the flute and piccolo.[13] During childhood, he had a stuttering problem. While he eventually learned to "pretend to be other people who didn't stutter" and use the curse word motherfucker as an affirmation word, he still has days where he stutters.[13][14]

Initially intent on pursuing a degree in marine biology, he attended Morehouse College in Atlanta, Georgia.[4] After joining a local acting group to earn extra points in a class, Jackson found an interest in acting and switched his major.[15] Before graduating in 1972, he co-founded the "Just Us Theatre".[7][16]

Civil rights movement involvement

After the 1968 assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., Jackson attended the funeral in Atlanta as one of the ushers.[17] Jackson then flew to Memphis to join an equal rights protest march. In a Parade interview Jackson revealed: "I was angry about the assassination, but I wasn't shocked by it. I knew that change was going to take something different – not sit-ins, not peaceful coexistence."[18]

In 1969, Jackson and several other students held members of the Morehouse College board of trustees (including a nearby Martin Luther King, Sr.) hostage on the campus, demanding reform in the school's curriculum and governance.[19] The college eventually agreed to change its policy, but Jackson was charged with and eventually convicted of unlawful confinement, a second-degree felony.[20] Jackson was then suspended for two years for his criminal record and his actions. He would later return to the college to earn his Bachelor of Arts in Drama in 1972.[21]

While he was suspended, Jackson was employed as a social worker in Los Angeles.[22] Jackson decided to return to Atlanta, where he met with Stokely Carmichael, H. Rap Brown, and others active in the Black Power movement.[18] Jackson revealed in the same Parade interview that he began to feel empowered with his involvement in the movement, especially when the group began buying guns.[18] However, before Jackson could become involved with any significant armed confrontation, his mother sent him to Los Angeles after the FBI told her that he would die within a year if he remained with the Black Power movement.[18] In a 2018 interview with Vogue he denied ever having been a member of the Black Panther Party.[23]

Acting career

1970s–1980s

Jackson initially majored in marine biology at Morehouse College before switching to architecture. He later settled on drama after taking a public speaking class and appearing in a version of The Threepenny Opera.[12] Jackson began acting in multiple plays, including Home and A Soldier's Play.[7] He appeared in several television films, and made his feature film debut in the blaxploitation independent film Together for Days (1972).[4][24] After these initial roles, Jackson moved from Atlanta to New York City in 1976 and spent the next decade appearing in stage plays, including the premiers of The Piano Lesson and Two Trains Running at the Yale Repertory Theater.[22][25] Jackson developed addictions to alcohol and cocaine, which prevented him from proceeding with the two plays to Broadway (actors Charles S. Dutton and Anthony Chisholm took his place).[21] Throughout his early film career, mainly in minimal roles in films such as Coming to America and various television films, Jackson was mentored by Morgan Freeman.[12] After a 1981 performance in the play A Soldier's Play, Jackson was introduced to director Spike Lee, who cast him for small roles in School Daze (1988) and Do the Right Thing (1989).[7][26] He also played a minor role in the 1990 Martin Scorsese film Goodfellas (real-life Mafia associate Stacks Edwards) and also worked for three years as a stand-in on The Cosby Show for Bill Cosby.[19][27]

1990s

Having overdosed on heroin several times, Jackson gave up the drug in favor of cocaine.[28] His family entered him into a New York rehabilitation clinic.[12][29] After he successfully completed rehabilitation, he appeared in Jungle Fever as a crack cocaine addict. Jackson said that the role was cathartic,[7] commenting, "It was a funny kind of thing. By the time I was out of rehab, about a week or so later I was on set and we were ready to start shooting."[30] The film was so acclaimed that the 1991 Cannes Film Festival created a special "Supporting Actor" award just for him.[8][31] Following this role, Jackson became involved with the comedy Strictly Business and dramas Juice and Patriot Games. He then moved on to two other comedies: National Lampoon's Loaded Weapon 1 (his first starring role) and Amos & Andrew.[32][33] Jackson worked with director Steven Spielberg in 1993's Jurassic Park.[34]

Samuel-L.-Jackson-Cleaner
Jackson at the premiere for Cleaner in Paris, April 2008

After a turn as the criminal Big Don in 1993's True Romance—written by Quentin Tarantino and directed by Tony Scott—Tarantino asked Jackson to play Jules Winnfield in Pulp Fiction. Jackson was surprised to learn that the part had been specifically written for him: "To know that somebody had written something like Jules for me. I was overwhelmed, thankful, arrogant—this whole combination of things that you could be, knowing that somebody's going to give you an opportunity like that."[35] Although Pulp Fiction was Jackson's thirtieth film, the role made him internationally recognized and he received praise from critics. In a review by Entertainment Weekly, his role was commended: "As superb as Travolta, Willis, and Keitel are, the actor who reigns over Pulp Fiction is Samuel L. Jackson. He just about lights fires with his gremlin eyes and he transforms his speeches into hypnotic bebop soliloquies."[36] For the Academy Awards, Miramax Films pushed for, and received, the Best Supporting Actor nomination for Jackson.[37] He also received a Golden Globe nomination and won the BAFTA Award for Best Supporting Role.[38][39][40]

After Pulp Fiction, Jackson received multiple scripts to review: "I could easily have made a career out of playing Jules over the years. Everybody's always sending me the script they think is the new Pulp Fiction."[41] With a succession of poor-performing films such as Kiss of Death, The Great White Hype, and Losing Isaiah, Jackson began to receive poor reviews from critics who had praised his performance in Pulp Fiction. This ended with his involvement in the two box-office successes, Die Hard with a Vengeance, starring alongside Bruce Willis in the third installment of the Die Hard series; and A Time to Kill, where he played a father put on trial for killing two men who raped his daughter.[42][43] For A Time to Kill, Jackson earned an NAACP Image for Best Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture and a Golden Globe nomination for a Best Supporting Actor.[44]

Quickly becoming a box office star, Jackson continued with three starring roles in 1997. In 187 he played a dedicated teacher striving to leave an impact on his students.[45] He received an Independent Spirit award for Best First Feature alongside first-time writer/director Kasi Lemmons in the drama Eve's Bayou, for which he also served as executive producer.[46] He joined up again with Tarantino for Jackie Brown and received the Silver Bear for Best Actor at the Berlin Film Festival[47] and a fourth Golden Globe nomination for his portrayal of arms merchant Ordell Robbie[48] In 1998, he worked with established actors: Sharon Stone and Dustin Hoffman in Sphere; and Kevin Spacey in The Negotiator, playing a hostage negotiator who resorts to taking hostages himself when he is falsely accused of murder and embezzlement.[49][50] In 1999, Jackson starred in the horror film Deep Blue Sea, and as Jedi Master Mace Windu in George Lucas' Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace.[51][52] In an interview, Jackson claimed that he did not have a chance to read the script for the film and did not learn he was playing the character Mace Windu until he was fitted for his costume (he later said that he was eager to accept any role, just for the chance to be a part of the Star Wars saga).[53]

2000s

Samuel L. Jackson (handprints and signature in cement)
Jackson's handprints in front of The Great Movie Ride at Walt Disney World's Disney's Hollywood Studios theme park

On June 13, 2000, Jackson was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 7018 Hollywood Blvd.[54] He began the next decade of his film career playing a Marine colonel put on trial in Rules of Engagement, co-starred with Bruce Willis for a third time in the supernatural thriller Unbreakable, and starred in the 2000 remake of the 1971 film Shaft.[55][56][57] Jackson's sole film in 2001 was The Caveman's Valentine, a murder thriller directed by Lemmons in which he played a homeless musician.[58] In 2002, he played a recovering alcoholic attempting to keep custody of his kids while fighting a battle of wits with Ben Affleck's character in Changing Lanes.[7] He returned for Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones, seeing his minor supporting role develop into a major character. Mace Windu's purple lightsaber in the film was the result of Jackson's suggestion;[7] he wanted to be sure that his character would stand out in a crowded battle scene.[59][60] Jackson then acted as an NSA agent alongside Vin Diesel in XXX and a kilt-wearing drug dealer in The 51st State.[61][62] In 2003, Jackson again worked with John Travolta in Basic and then as a police sergeant alongside Colin Farrell in the television show remake S.W.A.T.[63][64] A song within the soundtrack was named after him, entitled Sammy L. Jackson by Hot Action Cop.[65] Jackson also appeared in HBO's documentary Unchained Memories, as a narrator along many other stars like Angela Bassett and Whoopi Goldberg. According to reviews gathered by Rotten Tomatoes, in 2004 Jackson starred in both his lowest and highest ranked films in his career.[66] In the thriller Twisted, Jackson played a mentor to Ashley Judd.[67] The film garnered a 2% approval rating on the website, with reviewers calling his performance "lackluster" and "wasted".[68][69][70] He then lent his voice to the computer-animated film The Incredibles as the superhero Frozone.[71] The film received a 97% approval rating, and Jackson's performance earned him an Annie Award nomination for Best Voice Acting.[72][73] He then went on to do a cameo in another Quentin Tarantino film, Kill Bill: Volume 2.[74]

In 2005, he starred in the sports drama Coach Carter, where he played a coach (based on the actual coach Ken Carter) dedicated to teaching his players that education is more important than basketball.[75] Although the film received mixed reviews, Jackson's performance was praised despite the film's storyline.[76][77] Bob Townsend of the Atlanta Journal-Constitution commended Jackson's performance, "He takes what could have been a cardboard cliche role and puts flesh on it with his flamboyant intelligence."[78] Jackson also returned for two sequels: XXX: State of the Union, this time commanding Ice Cube, and the final Star Wars prequel film, Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith.[79][80] His last film for 2005 was The Man alongside comedian Eugene Levy.[81] On November 4, 2005, he was presented with the Hawaii International Film Festival Achievement in Acting Award.[82]

On January 30, 2006, Jackson was honored with a hand and footprint ceremony at Grauman's Chinese Theater; he is the seventh African American and 191st actor to be recognized in this manner.[83] In an interview that year, he said that he chooses roles that are "exciting to watch" and have an "interesting character inside of a story", and that in his roles he wanted to "do things [he hasn't] done, things [he] saw as a kid and wanted to do and now [has] an opportunity to do".[84] He next starred opposite actress Julianne Moore in the box office bomb Freedomland, where he depicted a police detective attempting to help a mother find her abducted child while quelling a citywide race riot.[85][86] Jackson's second film of the year, Snakes on a Plane, gained cult film status months before it was released based on its title and cast.[87] Jackson's decision to star in the film was solely based on the title.[88] To build anticipation for the film, he also cameoed in the 2006 music video "Snakes on a Plane (Bring It)" by Cobra Starship. On December 2, 2006, Jackson won the German Bambi Award for International Film, based on his many film contributions.[89] In December 2006, Jackson starred in Home of the Brave, as a doctor returning home from the Iraq War.[90]

Samuel L Jackson Comic Con
Jackson at the 2010 Comic Con in San Diego.

On January 30, 2007, Jackson was featured as narrator in Bob Saget's direct-to-DVD Farce of the Penguins.[91] The film was a spoof of the box office success March of the Penguins (which was narrated by Morgan Freeman).[92] Also in 2007, he portrayed a blues player who imprisons a young woman (Christina Ricci) addicted to sex in Black Snake Moan, and the horror film 1408, an adaptation of the Stephen King short story.[93][94] Later the same year, Jackson portrayed an athlete who impersonates former boxing heavyweight Bob Satterfield in director Rod Lurie's drama, Resurrecting the Champ. In 2008, Jackson reprised his role of Mace Windu in the CGI film, Star Wars: The Clone Wars, followed by Lakeview Terrace where he played a racist cop who terrorizes an interracial couple.[95][96] In November of the same year, he starred along with Bernie Mac and Isaac Hayes (who both died before the film's release) in Soul Men.[97] In 2008, he portrayed the villain in The Spirit, which was poorly received by critics and the box office.[98][99] In 2009, he again worked with Quentin Tarantino when he narrated several scenes in the World War II film, Inglourious Basterds.[100]

2010s

In 2010, he starred in the drama Mother and Child and portrayed an interrogator who attempts to locate several nuclear weapons in the direct-to-video film Unthinkable.[101][102] Alongside Dwayne Johnson, Jackson again portrayed a police officer in the opening scenes of the comedy The Other Guys. He also co-starred with Tommy Lee Jones for a film adaptation of The Sunset Limited.

Throughout Jackson's career, he has appeared in many films alongside mainstream rappers. These include Tupac Shakur (Juice), Queen Latifah (Juice/Sphere/Jungle Fever), Method Man (One Eight Seven), LL Cool J (Deep Blue Sea/S.W.A.T.), Busta Rhymes (Shaft), Eve (xXx), Ice Cube (xXx: State of the Union), Xzibit (xXx: State of the Union), David Banner (Black Snake Moan), and 50 Cent (Home of the Brave).[103] Additionally, Jackson has appeared in four films with actor Bruce Willis (National Lampoon's Loaded Weapon 1, Pulp Fiction, Die Hard with a Vengeance, and Unbreakable) and the actors were slated to work together in Black Water Transit before both dropped out.[104]

Samuel L. Jackson 2017
Jackson in March 2017

In 2002, Jackson gave his consent for Marvel Comics to design their "Ultimate" version of the character Nick Fury after his likeness.[105] In the 2008 film Iron Man, he made a cameo as the character in a post-credit scene.[106] In February 2009, Jackson signed on to a nine-picture deal with Marvel which would see him appear as the character in Iron Man 2, Thor, Captain America: The First Avenger, and The Avengers as well as any other sequels they would produce.[107] He reprised the role in Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014)[108] and Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015).[109] In February 2015, Jackson stated that he only has two movies left on his Marvel contract following Ultron.[110]

Among his more recent film roles, Jackson appeared in Quentin Tarantino's Django Unchained, which was released December 25, 2012,[111] Tarantino's The Hateful Eight, which was released in 70mm on December 25, 2015,[112] and Jordan Vogt-Roberts' Kong: Skull Island,[113] which was released on March 10, 2017. Jackson reprised his Unbreakable role as Mr. Glass in the 2019 film Glass.

Upcoming films

He is set to produce a live-action film adaptation of Afro Samurai,[114] and is assuming the role of Sho'nuff in a remake of The Last Dragon.[115] He will also star in the Brie Larson film Unicorn Store.[116][117] He will have a prominent role in the upcoming Marvel film Spider-Man: Far From Home.

Television and other roles

In addition to films, Jackson also appeared in several television shows, a video game, music videos, as well as audiobooks. Jackson had a small part in the Public Enemy music video for "911 Is a Joke". Jackson voiced several television show characters, including the lead role in the anime series, Afro Samurai, in addition to a recurring part as the voice of Gin Rummy in several episodes of the animated series The Boondocks.[118][119] He guest-starred as himself in an episode of the BBC/HBO sitcom Extras.[120] He voiced the main antagonist, Officer Frank Tenpenny, in the video game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas.[121] Jackson also hosted a variety of awards shows. He has hosted the MTV Movie Awards (1998),[122] the ESPYs (1999, 2001, 2002, and 2009),[123] and the Spike TV Video Game Awards (2005, 2006, 2007, and 2012).[124] In November 2006, he provided the voice of God for The Bible Experience, the New Testament audiobook version of the Bible. He was given the lead role because producers believed his deep, authoritative voice would best fit the role.[125] He also recorded the Audible.com audiobook of Go the Fuck to Sleep.[126] For the Atlanta Falcons' 2010 season, Jackson portrayed Rev. Sultan in the Falcons "Rise Up" commercial.

He reprised his role as Nick Fury in a cameo appearance on Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. in 2013[127] and the season finale in 2014.[128]

He also appeared in the Capital One cash-back credit card commercials.

Jackson released a song about social justice with KRS-One, Sticky Fingaz, Mad Lion & Talib Kweli about violence in America called "I Can't Breathe" which were the last words said by Eric Garner.[129]

Box office performance

Throughout the 1990s, A.C. Neilson E.C.I., a box office tracking company, determined that Jackson appeared in more films than any other actor who grossed $1.7 billion domestically.[130]

By 2011, the films that featured Jackson as a leading actor or supporting co-star have grossed a total of $2.81[131] to $4.91 billion[132] at the North American box office. This placed him as the seventh highest-grossing lead actor and the second highest-grossing actor, behind only voice actor Frank Welker. The 2009 edition of The Guinness World Records, which uses a different calculation to determine film grosses, stated that Jackson is the world's highest grossing actor, having earned $7.42 billion in 68 films.[133]

Personal life

Samuelljacksonnavy cropped
Jackson with his wife LaTanya Richardson in 2005

In 1980, Jackson married actress and sports channel producer LaTanya Richardson,[134] whom he met while attending Morehouse College.[7] The couple have a daughter, Zoe (born 1982).[135] In 2009, they started their own charitable organization to help support education.[134] Jackson has said he attends each of his films in theaters with paying customers, saying: "Even during my theater years, I wished I could watch the plays I was in – while I was in them! I dig watching myself work."[136] He also enjoys collecting the action figures of the characters he portrays in his films, including Jules Winnfield, Shaft, Mace Windu, and Frozone.[137]

Samuel&ZoeJackson1SecondFilm
Jackson with his daughter Zoe in 2004

Jackson is bald but enjoys wearing wigs in his films.[138] He said about his decision to go bald: "I keep ending up on those bald is beautiful lists. It's cool. You know, when I started losing my hair it was during the era when everybody had lots of hair. All of a sudden I felt this big hole in the middle of my afro, I couldn't face having a comb over so I had to quickly figure what the haircut for me was."[138] His first bald role was in The Great White Hype.[139] He usually gets to pick his own hairstyles for each character he portrays.[139][140] He poked fun at his baldness the first time he appeared bald on The Tonight Show, explaining that he had to shave his head for one role, but then kept receiving more and more bald roles and had to keep shaving his head so that wigs could be made for him. He joked that "the only way I'm gonna have time to grow my hair back is if I'm not working".

Jackson has a clause in his film contracts that allows him to play golf during film shoots.[11][13][38] He has played in the Gary Player Invitational charity golf tournament to assist Gary Player in raising funds for children in South Africa.[12] Jackson is a keen basketball fan, supporting the Toronto Raptors and the Harlem Globetrotters.[141] He supports the soccer team Liverpool F.C. since appearing in The 51st State.[142] He also supports Irish soccer team Bohemian F.C.[143]

Jackson campaigned during the 2008 Democratic Primary for Barack Obama in Texarkana, Texas. He said: "Barack Obama represents everything I was told I could be growing up. I am a child of segregation. When I grew up and people told me I could be president, I knew it was a lie. But now we have a representative... the American Dream is a reality. Anyone can grow up to be a president."[144] Jackson also said: "I voted for Barack because he was black. That's why other folks vote for other people – because they look like them".[145][146] He compared his Django Unchained character, a villainous house slave, to black conservative Justice Clarence Thomas, saying that "I have the same moral compass as Clarence Thomas does".[147]

In June 2013, Jackson launched a joint campaign with the charity Prizeo in an effort to raise money to fight Alzheimer's disease. As part of the campaign, he recited various fan-written monologues and a popular scene from the AMC series Breaking Bad.[148][149] In August 2013, he started a vegan diet for health reasons, explaining that he is "just trying to live forever",[150] and attributed a 40 lb (18 kg) weight loss to his new diet.[151] By March 2017, he abandoned the diet.[4] He launched a campaign called "One for the Boys", which teaches men about testicular cancer and urges them to "get themselves checked out".[152][153]

Filmography

References

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  3. ^ Powers, Lindsay (October 27, 2011). "Samuel L. Jackson Is Highest-Grossing Actor of All Time". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 6, 2012.
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  46. ^ Wallace, Amy (January 9, 1998). "Duvall's 'Apostle' Truly Filled With Spirit; Movies: 'Hard Eight,' 'Star Maps' and 'Ulee's Gold' follow in the nominations honoring independent films". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 10, 2009. (Registration required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |registration= (help)
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  48. ^ Malcolm, Derek (February 23, 1998). "Brazilian wins Berlin film prize with odyssey of an orphan". The Guardian. Retrieved May 10, 2009. (Registration required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |registration= (help)
  49. ^ Michael, Dennis (February 13, 1998). "'Sphere' takes moviegoers to new depths". CNN. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
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  51. ^ LaSalle, Mick (July 31, 1998). "These Sharks Have Attitude – 'Deep Blue Sea' a Fresh, Tasty Thriller". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
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Further reading

External links

A Time to Kill (1996 film)

A Time to Kill is a 1996 American crime drama film based on John Grisham's 1989 eponymous novel. Sandra Bullock, Samuel L. Jackson, Matthew McConaughey, and Kevin Spacey star, with Oliver Platt, Ashley Judd, Kiefer and Donald Sutherland, and Patrick McGoohan appearing in supporting roles. Set in Mississippi, the film involves the rape of a young girl, the arrest of the rapists, their subsequent murder by the girl's father, and the father's trial for murder. The film was a critical and commercial success, making $152 million at the worldwide box office. It is the second of two films based on Grisham's novels directed by Joel Schumacher, with the other being The Client released two years prior.

Cell (film)

Cell is a 2016 American science fiction horror film based on the 2006 novel of the same name by Stephen King. The film is directed by Tod Williams, produced by John Cusack, with a screenplay by King and Adam Alleca. The film stars John Cusack, Samuel L. Jackson, and Isabelle Fuhrman. The film was released on June 10, 2016 to video on demand, prior to a limited release scheduled for July 8, 2016. Cell is the second film adaptation of a King story to co-star Cusack and Jackson, after 1408 (2007).

The film was panned by critics upon its release; most criticized the film's acting and plot.

Coach Carter

Coach Carter is a 2005 American biographical sports drama film directed by Thomas Carter. It's based on the true story of Richmond High School basketball coach Ken Carter (portrayed by Samuel L. Jackson), who made headlines in 1999 for suspending his undefeated high school basketball team due to poor academic results. The story was conceived from a screenplay co-written by John Gatins and Mark Schwahn, who created the TV series One Tree Hill. The film also recycles a handful of plot devices from another television series, The White Shadow, which director Carter also co-starred in. The ensemble cast features Rob Brown, Channing Tatum, Debbi Morgan, and musical entertainer Ashanti.

The film was a co-production between the motion picture studios of MTV Films and Tollin/Robbins Productions. Theatrically and for the home video rental market, it was commercially distributed by Paramount Pictures. Coach Carter explores professional ethics, academics, and athletics. The sports action in the film was coordinated by the production company ReelSports. On January 11, 2005, the original motion picture soundtrack was released by the Capitol Records music label. The film score was composed and orchestrated by musician Trevor Rabin.

Coach Carter premiered in theaters nationwide in the United States on January 14, 2005 grossing $67,264,877 in domestic ticket receipts. The film took in an additional $9,404,929 in business through international release for a combined worldwide total of $76,669,806. Preceding its initial screening in cinemas, the film was generally met with positive critical reviews. With its initial foray into the home video marketplace; the widescreen DVD edition of the film featuring deleted scenes, a music video, and special features among other highlights, was released in the United States on June 21, 2005.

Eve's Bayou

Eve's Bayou is a 1997 American drama film written and directed by Kasi Lemmons, who made her directorial debut with this film. Samuel L. Jackson served as a producer, and starred in the film with Lisa Nicole Carson, Jurnee Smollett, Lynn Whitfield, Debbi Morgan, and Meagan Good.

In 2018, it was selected by the Library of Congress for preservation in the National Film Registry for being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant."

Freedomland (film)

Freedomland is a 2006 American crime drama mystery film directed by Joe Roth and starring Samuel L. Jackson, Julianne Moore, Edie Falco, Ron Eldard, William Forsythe, Aunjanue Ellis, and Anthony Mackie. It is based on Richard Price's 1998 novel of the same name, which touches on themes of covert racism.

Jackie Brown

Jackie Brown is a 1997 American crime thriller film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino and starring Pam Grier in the title role. The film is an adaptation of Elmore Leonard's 1992 novel Rum Punch. It is the only film that Tarantino has adapted from a previous work. The film pays homage to 1970s blaxploitation films, particularly the films Coffy (1973) and Foxy Brown (1974), both of which also starred Grier in the title roles.

The film's supporting cast includes Robert Forster, Robert De Niro, Samuel L. Jackson, Bridget Fonda, and Michael Keaton. It was Tarantino's third film following Reservoir Dogs (1992) and Pulp Fiction (1994).

Grier and Forster were both veteran actors but neither had performed a leading role in many years; this film revitalized both of their careers. The film garnered Forster a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor and Golden Globe Award nominations for Jackson and Grier.

Jungle Fever

Jungle Fever is a 1991 American romantic drama film written, produced and directed by Spike Lee. The film stars Wesley Snipes, Annabella Sciorra, Lee, Ossie Davis, Ruby Dee, Samuel L. Jackson, Lonette McKee, John Turturro, Frank Vincent, Halle Berry, and Anthony Quinn, and is Lee's fifth feature-length film. Jungle Fever explores the beginning and end of an extramarital interracial relationship against the urban backdrop of the streets of New York City in the 1990s.

Mace Windu

Mace Windu is a fictional character in the Star Wars franchise, portrayed by actor Samuel L. Jackson in the prequel films and voiced by Terrence C. Carson in other projects. He appears as a human male, Master of the Jedi High Council and one of the last members of the order's upper echelons before the Galactic Republic's fall. He is the Council's primary liaison, although the Clone Wars caused him to question his most firmly held beliefs.

Pulp Fiction (Banksy)

Pulp Fiction is a type of work by stencil graffiti artist Banksy. Instances of it depict the characters played by Samuel L. Jackson and John Travolta in the 1994 film Pulp Fiction, with their guns replaced by bananas. A stencil graffiti work existed on a wall near the Old Street tube station in the City of London from 2002 to 2007. Prints of the image on its original site have been sold for £1,000. A print of the Pulp Fiction stencil was sold for £10,600 in 2012.

Samuel L. Jackson filmography

Samuel L. Jackson is an American actor director and film producer. In 2009, the collective total of all box-office receipts for films that Jackson has starred in (including minor roles and cameos) is the highest of any on-screen actor. As of December 2015, Jackson appeared in over one hundred films with a worldwide box-office gross of approximately $16 billion to date. Jackson's film career started in 1972 with a role in the film Together for Days. Over the next nineteen years he was cast in multiple films as minor characters up until his breakthrough role as Gator, a crack addict, in the 1991 Spike Lee film Jungle Fever, for which Jackson won a special jury prize for best supporting actor at the Cannes International Film Festival.Later, Jackson was cast in starring roles in Amos & Andrew, Pulp Fiction, The Great White Hype, A Time to Kill and The Negotiator. In 1999, Jackson started playing the recurring character Mace Windu in both the Star Wars prequel trilogy and in the animated film Star Wars: The Clone Wars In 2000, he had been cast as the lead in the remake of Shaft, S.W.A.T., Coach Carter, Snakes on a Plane and Lakeview Terrace, among other films. Jackson played Marvel Comics character Nick Fury in the films Iron Man, Iron Man 2, Thor, Captain America: The First Avenger, The Avengers, Captain America: The Winter Soldier, Avengers: Age of Ultron, Avengers: Infinity War and Captain Marvel, of his nine-film commitment as the character for Marvel Studios.

For his role in Pulp Fiction, Jackson won a British Academy of Film and Television Arts award for Best Supporting Actor and was nominated for an Academy Award and a Golden Globe Award. In 1994, he was also nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor in a miniseries for Against the Wall. Jackson also received Golden Globe nominations in 1996 for A Time to Kill and in 1997 for Jackie Brown. In 2000, Jackson was given a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, and in 2006 put his hand and footprints outside Grauman's Chinese Theatre.

Shaft (2000 film)

Shaft is a 2000 American action thriller film directed by John Singleton and starring Samuel L. Jackson, Vanessa L. Williams, Jeffrey Wright, Christian Bale, Dan Hedaya, Busta Rhymes, Toni Collette and Richard Roundtree. Although the film was marketed as a remake of the 1971 film of the same name, it is rather a sequel, therefore making it a fourth installment, with Jackson's John Shaft character being the nephew of the earlier films' Shaft. The film received generally positive reviews and opened at the number-one position at the box office when it debuted June 16, 2000.

Shaft (2019 film)

Shaft is an upcoming American action comedy film directed by Tim Story and written by Kenya Barris and Alex Barnow. The film stars Samuel L. Jackson, Jessie T. Usher, and Richard Roundtree. It will be released theatrically in the United States on June 14, 2019. It is the fifth film in the Shaft film series and a sequel to Shaft (2000), however, unlike its predecessor, which was distributed by Paramount Pictures, this film is distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures.

The Hitman's Bodyguard

The Hitman's Bodyguard is a 2017 American action thriller comedy film directed by Patrick Hughes and written by Tom O'Connor, whose script was on the 2011 Black List survey. The film stars Ryan Reynolds, Samuel L. Jackson, Gary Oldman, and Salma Hayek.

The Hitman's Bodyguard was released in the United States on August 18, 2017, and grossed $176 million worldwide. The film received mixed reviews, with critics praising Reynolds and Jackson's chemistry but criticizing the clichéd plot and execution. A sequel, The Hitman's Wife's Bodyguard, is currently in production.

The Incredibles (franchise)

The Incredibles is an American media franchise created by Pixar Animation Studios. Brad Bird wrote and directed both films, and Craig T. Nelson, Holly Hunter, Sarah Vowell and Samuel L. Jackson are part of the cast. The first film, The Incredibles, was released in November 2004 and received acclaim from critics, winning the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature. The second film, Incredibles 2, was released in June 2018, received mostly positive reviews and set the record for best opening weekend for an animated film with $183 million. The series has grossed a combined $1.876 billion worldwide.

The Long Kiss Goodnight

The Long Kiss Goodnight is a 1996 American action thriller spy film directed and produced by Renny Harlin, written and produced by Shane Black and starring Geena Davis and Samuel L. Jackson.

The Negotiator

The Negotiator is a 1998 American action thriller film directed by F. Gary Gray. It stars Samuel L. Jackson and Kevin Spacey as two hostage lieutenants.

Unbreakable (film)

Unbreakable is a 2000 American superhero thriller film written, produced, and directed by M. Night Shyamalan, and starring Bruce Willis and Samuel L. Jackson, Robin Wright, Spencer Treat Clark, and Charlayne Woodard. It is the first installment in the Unbreakable film series. In Unbreakable, a security guard named David Dunn (Willis) survives a horrific train crash with no injuries, leading to him discovering that he harnesses superhuman abilities, which in turn introduces him to wheelchair bound comic book store owner Elijah Price (Jackson).

Shyamalan organized the narrative of Unbreakable to parallel a comic book's traditional three-part story structure. After settling on the origin story, Shyamalan wrote the screenplay as a speculative screenplay with Bruce Willis already set to star in the film and Jackson in mind to portray Elijah Price. Filming began in April 2000 and was completed in July.

Unbreakable was released on November 22, 2000. It received positive reviews, with critics praising its aesthetics, the performances, the emotional weight of the story, and the score by James Newton Howard. The film has subsequently gained a strong cult following. A deconstruction of the superhero genre, many regard it as one of Shyamalan's best films, and one of the best superhero films. In 2011, Time listed it as one of the top ten superhero films of all time, ranking it number four. Quentin Tarantino also included it on his list of the top 20 films released since 1992.After years of development on a follow-up film, a thematic sequel, Split, with Willis reprising his role as David Dunn in a cameo role, was released in January 2017. After the financial and critical success of Split, Shyamalan immediately began working on a third film, titled Glass, which was released January 18, 2019, thus making Unbreakable the first installment in the Unbreakable film series.

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