Samuel Eliot Morison

Samuel Eliot Morison (July 9, 1887 – May 15, 1976) was an American historian noted for his works of maritime history and American history that were both authoritative and popular. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1912, and taught history at the university for 40 years. He won Pulitzer Prizes for Admiral of the Ocean Sea (1942), a biography of Christopher Columbus, and John Paul Jones: A Sailor's Biography (1959). In 1942, he was commissioned to write a history of United States naval operations in World War II, which was published in 15 volumes between 1947 and 1962. Morison wrote the popular Oxford History of the American People (1965), and co-authored the classic textbook The Growth of the American Republic (1930) with Henry Steele Commager.

Over the course of his career, Morison received eleven honorary doctoral degrees, and garnered numerous literary prizes, military honors, and national awards from both foreign countries and the United States, including two Pulitzer Prizes, two Bancroft Prizes, the Balzan Prize, the Legion of Merit, and the Presidential Medal of Freedom.[1]

Samuel Eliot Morison
Rear Adm. Samuel Eliot Morison USNR
BornJuly 9, 1887
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
DiedMay 15, 1976 (aged 88)
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service1942–1951
RankUS-O8 insignia.svg Rear admiral (reserve)
Battles/warsWorld War II

Early life (1887–1912)

Samuel Eliot Morison was born July 9, 1887, in Boston, Massachusetts, to John Holmes Morison (1856–1911) and Emily Marshall (Eliot) Morison (1857–1925). He was named for his maternal grandfather Samuel Eliot—a historian, educator, and public-minded citizen of Boston and Hartford, Connecticut. The Eliot family, which produced generations of prominent American intellectuals, descended from Andrew Eliot, who moved to Boston in the 1660s from the English village of East Coker. The most famous of this Andrew Eliot's direct descendants was poet T.S. Eliot, who titled the second of his Four Quartets "East Coker".[2]

Morison attended Noble and Greenough School (1897–1901) and St. Paul's (1901–1903) prior to entering Harvard University, where he was a member of the Phoenix S K Club. At the age of fourteen, he learned to sail, and soon after learned horsemanship—both skills would serve him well in his later historical writings.[3] He earned both a Bachelor of Arts and Master's degree from Harvard in 1908. After studying at the École Libre des Sciences Politiques (1908–1909), Morison returned to Harvard.

Scholar and historian (1913–1941)

Morison originally intended to major in mathematics until Albert Bushnell Hart talked him into researching some papers of an ancestor stored in his wine cellar.[4] His Harvard dissertation was the basis for his first book The Life and Letters of Harrison Gray Otis, Federalist, 1765–1848 (1913), which sold 700 copies. After earning his Ph.D. at Harvard, Morison became an instructor in history at the University of California, Berkeley in 1912. In 1915 he returned to Harvard and took a position as an instructor. During World War I he served as a private in the US Army. He also served as the American Delegate on the Baltic Commission of the Paris Peace Conference until June 17, 1919.[1]

In 1922–1925 Morison taught at Oxford University as the first Harmsworth Professor of American History.[5] In 1925 he returned to Harvard, where he was appointed a full professor. One of several subjects that fascinated Morison was the history of New England. As early as 1921 he published The Maritime History of Massachusetts, 1783-1860. In the 1930s Morison published a series of books on the history of Harvard University and New England, including Builders of the Bay Colony: A Gallery of Our Intellectual Ancestors (1930), The Founding of Harvard College (1935), Harvard College in the Seventeenth Century (1936), Three Centuries of Harvard: 1636–1936 (1936), and The Puritan Pronaos (1936). In later years, he returned to the subject of New England history, writing The Ropemakers of Plymouth (1950) and The Story of the 'Old Colony' of New Plymouth (1956) and editing the definitive work, Of Plymouth Plantation, 1620–1647 (1952).[1]

During his time at Harvard, Morison became the last professor to arrive on campus on horseback.[6] He was chosen to speak at the 300th Anniversary celebration of Harvard in 1936 and a recording of his speech is included as part of the "Harvard Voices" collection.[7]

In 1938 Morison was elected as an honorary member of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati.

In 1940, Morison published Portuguese Voyages to America in the Fifteenth Century, a book that presaged his succeeding publications on the explorer, Christopher Columbus. In 1941, Morison was named Jonathan Trumbull Professor of American History at Harvard. For Admiral of the Ocean Sea (1942), Morison combined his personal interest in sailing with his scholarship by actually sailing to the various places that Columbus explored. The Harvard Columbus Expedition, led by Morison and including his wife and Captain John W. McElroy, Herbert F. Hossmer, Jr., Richard S. Colley, Dr. Clifton W. Anderson, Kenneth R. Spear and Richard Spear, left on 28 August 1939 aboard the 147 foot ketch Capitana for the Azores and Lisbon, Portugal from which they sailed on the 45 foot ketch Mary Otis to retrace Columbus' route using manuscripts and records of his voyages reaching Trinidad by way of Cadiz, Madeira, and the Canary Islands.[8] After following the coast of South and Central America the expedition returned to Trinidad on 15 December 1939.[8] The expedition returned to New York on 2 February 1940 aboard the United Fruit liner Veragua.[8] The book was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1943.

Naval war service (1942–1952)

In 1942, Morison met with his friend President Franklin D. Roosevelt and offered to write a history of United States Navy operations during the war from an insider's perspective by taking part in operations and documenting them. The President and Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox agreed to the proposal. On May 5, 1942, Morison was commissioned a lieutenant commander in the US Naval Reserve, and was called at once to active duty.[1] Gregory Pfitzer explained his procedures:

He gained berths on patrol boats, destroyers, and heavy cruisers; participated in planning sessions for invasions; witnessed sea battles; narrowly escaped death at the hands of a kamikaze pilot; and conducted post-operational interviews with commanders in the Pacific theater.[9]

Morison worked with a team of researchers to prepare the History of United States Naval Operations in World War II, published in 15 volumes between 1947–1962, documenting everything from strategy and tactics to technology and the exploits of individuals. British military historian Sir John Keegan called it the best to come out of that conflict. Issued as The Rising Sun in the Pacific in 1948, Volume 3 won the Bancroft Prize in 1949.[1]

Morison was promoted to the rank of captain on December 15, 1945. On August 1, 1951, he was transferred to the Honorary Retired List of the Naval Reserve and was promoted to Rear Admiral on the basis of combat awards.[1]

In History as a Literary Art: An Appeal to Young Historians (1946), Morison argued that vivid writing springs from the synergy of experience and research:

American historians, in their eagerness to present facts and their laudable concern to tell the truth, have neglected the literary aspects of their craft. They have forgotten that there is an art of writing history.[10]

Later years (1953–1976)

In 1955, Morison retired from Harvard University.[1] He devoted the rest of his life to writing. In quick succession, Morison wrote Christopher Columbus, Mariner (1955), Freedom in Contemporary Society (1956), The Story of the 'Old Colony' of New Plymouth, 1620–1692 (1956), Nathaniel Holmes Morison (1957), William Hickling Prescott (1958), Strategy and Compromise (1958), and John Paul Jones: A Sailor's Biography (1959), which earned Morison his second Pulitzer Prize.

In the early 1960s, Morison's focus returned to his New England youth, writing The Story of Mount Desert Island, Maine (1960), One Boy's Boston, 1887–1901 (1962), Introduction to Whaler Out of New Bedford (1962), and A History of the Constitution of Massachusetts (1963). In 1963, The Two-Ocean War was published, a one-volume abridged history of the United States Navy in World War II.

In 1964, Morison received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Lyndon B. Johnson. In presenting the distinguished historian with the highest civilian award in the United States, Johnson noted:

Scholar and sailor, this amphibious historian has combined a life of action and literary craftsmanship to lead two generations of Americans on countless voyages of discovery.[11]

Morison's later years were devoted to books on exploration, such as The Caribbean as Columbus Saw It (1964), Spring Tides (1965), The European Discovery of America (1971–1974), and Samuel de Champlain: Father of [New France (1972). His research for the latter book included sailing many of the routes taken by Champlain, and tracing others by airplane.

Morison's first marriage to Elizabeth S. Greene produced four children—one of whom, Emily Morison Beck, became editor of Bartlett's Familiar Quotations.[12] Elizabeth died August 20, 1945. In 1949, Morison married Baltimore widow Priscilla Barton. Priscilla died February 22, 1973.

Death and legacy

Morison died of a stroke on May 15, 1976. His ashes are buried at Forest Lawn Cemetery in Northeast Harbor, Maine. During his life he had received two Pulitzers, two Bancroft Prizes, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences' Emerson-Thoreau Medal (1961), and numerous honorary degrees, military awards, and honors from foreign nations.[13]

On July 19, 1979, the frigate USS Samuel Eliot Morison was launched, honoring Morison and his contributions to the United States Navy. Morison's legacy is also sustained by the United States Naval History and Heritage Command's Samuel Eliot Morison Naval History Scholarship.[14] Boston's Commonwealth Avenue Mall features a bronze statue depicting Morison in sailor's oilskin.

Morison's last known public appearance was on April 8, 1976, when he served as the ribbon cutter to open the USS Constitution Museum. "The Museum's research library and an annual award given by the Museum for scholarship in history are both named in his honor."[15] The museum gives the annual Samuel Eliot Morison Award to a person whose public service has enhanced the image of the USS Constitution, and who reflects the best of Samuel Eliot Morison: artful scholarship, patriotic pride, and eclectic interest in the sea and things maritime.

In 1976, the American Heritage magazine initiated an award named in honor of Morison called the Samuel Eliot Morison Award, honoring an American author whose work shows "that good history is literature as well as high scholarship."[16] It lasted two years.

Since 1982, the Naval Order of the United States gives an honor in Morison's name, the Samuel Eliot Morison Award for Naval Literature, for significant works about the US Navy.

In 1985, the Society for Military History established the Samuel Eliot Morison Prize, recognizing an author's body of contributions in the field of military history.

Criticism

Slavery

Morison was criticized by some African-American scholars for his treatment of American slavery in early editions of his book The Growth of the American Republic, which he co-wrote with Henry Steele Commager and later with Commager's student William E. Leuchtenburg.[17] The book originated as Morison's two-volume Oxford History of the United States (Oxford University Press, 1927). First published in 1930, the first two editions of the textbook, according to these critics, echoed the thesis of American Negro Slavery (1918) by Ulrich Bonnell Phillips. This view, sometimes called the Phillips school of slavery historiography, was considered an authoritative interpretation of the history of American slavery during the first half of the twentieth century,[18] despite the intense criticism by some African-American scholars for its alleged racist underpinnings. Phillips's theories remained authoritative, considered by many white scholars to be ground-breaking and progressive when first proposed. In 1944, the NAACP began its criticism of The Growth of the American Republic.[19]

In 1950, while denying any racist intent—he noted his daughter's marriage to the son of Joel Elias Spingarn, the former President of the NAACP—Morrison reluctantly agreed to most of the demanded changes.[20] Morison refused to eliminate references to slaves who were loyal and devoted to their masters because they were treated well, and to some positive "civilizing" effects of the American system of slavery. Morison also refused to remove references to stereotypes of African Americans that he believed were vital in accurately depicting the racist nature of American culture in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries—an era when even the most enlightened progressive thinkers routinely explained many aspects of human behavior as a result of innate racial or ethnic characteristics.[21] In the 1962 edition of the textbook, Morison removed additional content that these critics found offensive.[17]

Battle of Savo Island

In his semi-official account of the Battle of Savo Island, a disastrous defeat for the U.S. Navy in World War II, Morison partly blamed the defeat on the failure of an Australian aircrew to inform the Americans of the approaching Japanese forces. Morison appears to have based this story on inaccurate, now refuted, information. On October 21, 2014 the US Navy issued a letter of apology to the last surviving member of the RAAF Hudson crew, who had sighted and duly reported the approach of the Japanese Naval Task Force; the letter states that "RAdm. Morison's criticism was unwarranted".[22]

Honors and awards

Award ribbons

V
Legion of Merit ribbon
U.S. Navy Unit Commendation ribbon Presidential Medal of Freedom (ribbon)
World War I Victory Medal ribbon American Campaign Medal ribbon
Bronze star
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign ribbon
Silver star
Bronze star
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal ribbon
World War II Victory Medal ribbon Ufficiale OMRI BAR
FIN Order of the White Rose Commander BAR ESP Isabella Catholic Order COM Phliber rib
1st Row Legion of Merit with "V" device Navy Unit Commendation Presidential Medal of Freedom (1964)
2nd Row World War I Victory Medal American Campaign Medal European-African-Middle Eastern
Campaign Medal

with battle star
3rd Row Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
with six battle stars
World War II Victory Medal Officer, Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (1961)
4th Row Commander, Order of the White Rose of Finland Commander, Order of Isabella the Catholic (1963) Philippine Liberation Medal

Other honors

Honorary degrees

Literary prizes

Works

The following is a list of books written by Samuel Eliot Morison, arranged alphabetically.

  • Admiral of the Ocean Sea. 2 vols. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1942.[23]
  • American Contributions to the Strategy of World War II. London: Oxford University Press, 1958.
  • The Ancient Classics in a Modern Democracy. New York: Oxford University Press, 1939.
  • Builders of the Bay Colony. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1930.
  • By Land and By Sea. New York: Knopf, 1953.
  • The Caribbean as Columbus Saw It. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1964. (with Mauricio Obregon)
  • Christopher Columbus, Mariner. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1955.[24]
  • The Class Lives of Samuel Eliot and Nathaniel Homes Morison, Harvard 1839. Boston: Privately printed, 1926.
  • The Conservative American Revolution. Washington, DC: Society of the Cincinnati, 1976.
  • Doctor Morison's Farewell to the Colonial Society of Massachusetts. Boston: Merrymount Press, 1939.
  • The European Discovery of America. 2 vols. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971–1974.
  • The Events of the Year MDCCCCXXXV. Boston: Merrymount Press, 1936.
  • The Founding of Harvard College. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1935.
  • Francis Parkman. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 1973.
  • Freedom in Contemporary Society. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1956.
  • The Growth of the American Republic 2 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1930.[25]
  • Harrison Gray Otis, 1765–1848: The Urbane Federalist. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1969.
  • Harvard College in the Seventeenth Century. 2 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1936.
  • Harvard Guide to American History. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1963. (with Arthur Meier Schlesinger, Frederick Merk, Arthur Meier Schlesinger, Jr., and Paul Herman Buck)
  • Historical Background for the Massachusetts Bay Tercentenary in 1930. Boston: Massachusetts Bay Tercentenary, Inc., 1928, 1930.
  • Historical Markers Erected by Massachusetts Bay Colony Tercentenary Commission. Texts of Inscriptions As Revised By Samuel Eliot Morison. Boston: Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 1930.
  • History As A Literary Art. Boston: Old South Association, 1946.[26]
  • A History of the Constitution of Massachusetts. Boston: Special Commission on Revision of the Constitution, 1963.
  • A History of the Constitution of Massachusetts. Boston: Wright & Potter, 1917.
  • History of United States Naval Operations in World War II. 15 vols. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1947–1962.
  • An Hour of American History: From Columbus to Coolidge. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1929.
  • Introduction to Whaler Out of New Bedford. New Bedford: Old Dartmouth Historical Society, 1962.
  • John Paul Jones: A Sailor's Biography. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1959.[27]
  • Life and Letters of Harrison Gray Otis. 2 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1913.[28]
  • Life in Washington a Century and a Half Ago. Washington, DC: Cosmos Club, 1968.
  • The Maritime History of Massachusetts, 1783–1860. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1921.
  • Nathaniel Homes Morison. Baltimore: Peabody Institute, 1957.
  • A New and Fresh English Translation of the Letter of Columbus Announcing the Discovery of America. Madrid: Graficas Yagues, 1959.
  • Of Plymouth Plantation, 1620–1647. Editor. New York: Knopf, 1952.
  • Old Bruin: Commodore Matthew Calbraith Perry, 1796–1858. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1967.
  • One Boy's Boston, 1887–1901. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1962.
  • The Oxford History of the American People. New York: Oxford University Press, 1965.
  • Oxford History of the United States. 2 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1927.
  • The Pilgrim Fathers: Their Significance in History. Boston: Merrymount Press, 1937.
  • Portuguese Voyages to America in the Fifteenth Century. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1940.
  • A Prologue to American History: An Inaugural Lecture. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1922.
  • The Proprietors of Peterborough, New Hampshire. Peterborough: Historical Society, 1930.
  • The Puritan Pronaos. New York: New York University Press, 1936.
  • Ropemakers of Plymouth. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1950.
  • Sailor Historian: The Best of Samuel Eliot Morison. Edited by Emily Morison Beck. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1977.
  • Samuel de Champlain: Father of New France. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1972.
  • The Scholar in American: Past, Present, and Future. New York: Oxford University Press, 1961.
  • The Second Voyage of Christopher Columbus. New York: Oxford University Press, 1939.
  • Sources and Documents Illustrating the American Revolution, 1764–1788, and the Formation of the Federal Constitution. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1923.
  • Spring Tides. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1965.
  • The Story of Mount Desert Island, Maine. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1960.
  • The Story of the 'Old Colony' of New Plymouth, 1620–1692. New York: Knopf, 1956.
  • Strategy and Compromise. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1958.
  • These Forty Years. Boston: Privately printed, 1948. (Address to the 40th Reunion, Harvard Class of 1908)
  • Three Centuries of Harvard, 1636–1936. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1936.
  • The Two Ocean War. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1963.
  • Vistas of History. New York: Knopf, 1964.
  • William Hickling Prescott. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 1958.
  • The Young Man Washington. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1932.[29]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Rear Admiral Samuel Eliot Morison". Naval History and Heritage Command. Archived from the original on 2006-09-04. Retrieved October 19, 2011.
  2. ^ Sailer, Steve. "Samuel Eliot Morison And America's Displaced Protestant Establishment". VDare. Archived from the original on 2011-09-16. Retrieved October 26, 2011.
  3. ^ Washburn, Wilcomb E. "Samuel Eliot Morison, Historian" in The William and Mary Quarterly Archived 2017-02-27 at the Wayback Machine July 1979, pp. 325-352.
  4. ^ Carrigg, John (Fall 1994). "Samuel Eliot Morison and His Catholic Sympathies". The Dawson Newsletter. Archived from the original on 2010-07-25. Retrieved October 26, 2011.
  5. ^ http://www.rai.ox.ac.uk/history/HarmsworthLectures Archived 2012-06-17 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Harvard Gazette http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2010/12/scholars-venerable/ Archived 2013-06-24 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Harvard Voices Collection https://soundcloud.com/#harvard/samuel-eliot-morison-1936?in=harvard/sets/harvard-voices Archived 2011-07-30 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ a b c "Samuel E. Morison's Columbus Expedition Reaches United States After Five Months of Following Explorer's Courses". The Harvard Crimson. The Harvard Crimson. February 2, 1940. Archived from the original on 2014-09-05. Retrieved 4 September 2014.
  9. ^ Gregory M. Pfitzer in Kelly Boyd, ed. (1999). Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing vol 2. p. 839. ISBN 9781884964336.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  10. ^ Hornfischer, James D. "Revisiting Samuel Eliot Morison's Landmark History". Smithsonian.com. Retrieved November 9, 2011.
  11. ^ "Remarks at the Presentation of the 1964 Presidential Medal of Freedom Awards". The American Presidency Project. Archived from the original on 2010-05-31. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  12. ^ Martin, Douglas (March 31, 2004). "Emily Morison Beck, 88, Who Edited Bartlett's Quotations, Dies". The New York Times.
  13. ^ a b "Prizewinners". International Balzan Prize Foundation. Archived from the original on April 15, 2012. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  14. ^ "Samuel Eliot Morison Naval History Scholarship". Naval History and Heritage Command. Archived from the original on 2011-11-01. Retrieved 25 October 2011.
  15. ^ USS Constitution Museum Samuel Eliot Morison Page http://www.ussconstitutionmuseum.org/about-us/mission-and-history/samuel-eliot-morison/ Archived 2012-11-05 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ Albin Krebs (September 29, 1977). "Notes on People". New York Times. Archived from the original on 2017-12-23. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  17. ^ a b Zimmerman, Jonathan. "Brown-ing the American Textbook". History of Education Quarterly. Archived from the original on March 18, 2005. Retrieved March 18, 2005.
  18. ^ Revisiting Blassingame's The Slave Community: The Scholars Respond. Ed. Al-Tony Gilmore. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1978, pp x–xi, ISBN 0-8371-9879-8.
  19. ^ Jumonville, Neil. Henry Steele Commager: Midcentury Liberalism and the History of the Present. The University of North Carolina Press, 1999, p. 147.
  20. ^ Jumonville, Henry Steele Commager: Midcentury Liberalism and the History of the Present. 1999, p. 147.
  21. ^ Gossett, Thomas F. (1963). Race: The History of an Idea in America. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198025825.
  22. ^ Harvey, Adam (28 October 2014). "Eric Geddes: Sole survivor of WWII RAAF aircrew wins fight to erase historic slur over Savo Island bloodbath". ABC News. Archived from the original on 2014-10-28. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
  23. ^ books.google.com
  24. ^ books.google.com
  25. ^ books.google.com
  26. ^ "www.wiu.edu" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-06-08.
  27. ^ books.google.com
  28. ^ archive.org
  29. ^ "Samuel Eliot Morison Bibliography". Naval History and Heritage Command. Archived from the original on 2011-06-28. Retrieved October 20, 2011.

Further reading

  • Cunliffe, Marcus, and Robin W. Winks, eds. Pastmasters: some essays on American historians (Harper & Row, 1975).
  • Keegan, John. The Price of Admiralty: The Evolution of Naval Warfare. New York: Viking, 1989.
  • Morison, Samuel Eliot. "The Gilberts & Marshalls" in Life Magazine, May 22, 1944.
  • Pfitzer, Gregory M. Samuel Eliot Morison's Historical World: In Quest of a New Parkman. Boston: Northeastern, 1991.
  • Taylor, P.A.M. "Samuel Eliot Morison, Historian" Journal of American Studies (1977) 11#1 13-26.
  • Washburn, Wilcomb E. "Samuel Eliot Morison, Historian" The William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Series, Vol. XXXVI, July 1979. in JSTOR
  • Faith of a Historian Presidential address read at the annual dinner of the American Historical Association in Chicago on December 29, 1950. American Historical Review 56:2 (January 1951): 261-75.

External links

Alvin Coox

Alvin David Coox, (pronounced "cooks"; March 8, 1924, Rochester, New York – November 4, 1999, San Diego, California) was an American military historian and author known for his award-winning book, Nomonhan: Japan Against Russia.

Coox studied at New York University with a bachelor's degree in accounting and achieved his doctorate in history at Harvard University. He taught at Harvard University in the 1940s and at Johns Hopkins University, before working as an analyst for the elucidation of 15 years Air Force after they went to Japan. From 1964 to 1995, he taught at San Diego State University.

Coox is primarily known for his two volume book, Nomonhan: Japan Against Russia, about the nearly forgotten battles in the Nomonhan Incident, where the Soviet Union and Japan fought for control of Mongolia and Japan was halted in its inland westward conquest from Manchuria. In 1986, he received the Samuel Eliot Morison Prize.

American Heritage (magazine)

American Heritage is a magazine dedicated to covering the history of the United States of America for a mainstream readership. Until 2007, the magazine was published by Forbes. Since that time, Edwin S. Grosvenor has been its publisher. Print publication was suspended early in 2013, but the magazine relaunched in digital format with the Summer 2017 issue after a Kickstarter campaign raised $31,203 from 587 backers. The publisher stated it also intended to relaunch the magazine's sister publication Invention & Technology, which ceased print publication in 2011.

Craig Symonds

Craig Lee Symonds (born 31 December 1946, in Long Beach, California) is the Distinguished Visiting Ernest J. King Professor of Maritime History for the academic years 2017-2019 at the U.S. Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island. He is also Professor Emeritus at the U. S. Naval Academy where he served as chairman of the history department. He is a distinguished historian of the American Civil War and maritime history. His book Lincoln and His Admirals received the Lincoln Prize. His book Neptune: the Allied Invasion of Europe and the D-Day Landings was the 2015 recipient of the Samuel Eliot Morison Award for Naval Literature.

Frenchman Bay

Frenchman Bay is a bay in Hancock County, Maine, named for Samuel de Champlain, the French explorer who visited the area in 1604.

Frenchman Bay may have been the location of the Jesuit St. Sauveur mission, established in 1613.In a 1960 book titled, "The Story of Mount Desert Island", Samuel Eliot Morison wrote, "Frenchmans Bay was so called because it became a staging point for French warships preparing to fight the English."

The bay is bounded on the east by the Schoodic Peninsula, and on the west by Mount Desert Island; parts of both are in Acadia National Park. It contains numerous islands, the largest of which is Ironbound Island. The highest elevation of the islands in the bay is found on Jordan Island. The largest town on the bay is Bar Harbor, on Mount Desert Island.

The bay extends for roughly 15 miles (24 km) and spans 7 miles (11 km) at its widest.

History of United States Naval Operations in World War II

The History of United States Naval Operations in World War II is a 15-volume account of the United States Navy in World War II, written by Samuel Eliot Morison and published by Little, Brown and Company between 1947 and 1962.

John Chester Miller

John Chester Miller (1907-1991) was a US historian who wrote of the American Revolution and its prominent figures. His books were well received.Born in Santa Barbara, California, he studied at College of Puget Sound for a year before transferring to Harvard University, where he earned a bachelor's degree in 1930. Encouraged by Samuel Eliot Morison to change his postgraduate focus to history, he received master's and doctoral degrees in that field during the 1930s.He taught at Bryn Mawr College and at Stanford University.

Penelope Jencks

Penelope Jencks (born 1936 in Baltimore, Maryland, USA) is an American sculptor, a graduate of Boston University (BFA, 1958). Her public works include a statue of the historian Samuel Eliot Morison (1982), on Commonwealth Ave. in Boston, Massachusetts; and the Robert Frost Sculpture (2007) at Amherst College, Amherst, Massachusetts. She is best known, however, for her statue of Eleanor Roosevelt (1996) in New York City.

Raid on Canso (1776)

The Raid on Canso took place on 22 September – November 22, 1776 during the American Revolutionary War. The raid involved John Paul Jones attacking Canso, Nova Scotia and the surrounding fishing villages.

Samuel Eliot Morison Award

Samuel Eliot Morison Award may refer to:

Samuel Eliot Morison Award (American Heritage), established in 1976 by American Heritage Publishing Company

Samuel Eliot Morison Award (USS Constitution Museum), established in 1977 by USS Constitution Museum

Samuel Eliot Morison Award for Naval Literature, established in 1982 by the New York Commandery of the Naval Order of the United States

Samuel Eliot Morison Prize, established in 1985 by the Society for Military History

Samuel Eliot Morison Award for Naval Literature

For other awards with this name see Samuel Eliot Morison AwardThe Samuel Eliot Morison Award for Naval Literature is for literature about the United States Navy. The award was created in 1982 by the New York Commandery of the Naval Order of the United States, who administers and chooses the winner which is a significant book on naval history from the prior year.The prize is named for Rear Admiral Samuel Eliot Morison, a military historian.

Samuel Eliot Morison bibliography

The Samuel Eliot Morison bibliography contains a list of books and articles written by American historian Samuel Eliot Morison.

Samuel Morison

Samuel Morison is the name of:

Samuel Eliot Morison (1887–1976), American historian and navy man

Samuel Loring Morison (born 1944), American intelligence analyst and grandson of S.E. Morison

Scott Phillpott

A US Naval captain, Scott Phillpott came to prominence after informing the 2004 9/11 Commission that a data-mining project named Able Danger had identified hijack leader Mohamed Atta as a threat tied to al-Qaeda and living in Brooklyn as early as January 2000, many months before his attack in September 2001.

He was quoted by Fox News in August 2005 as stating I have briefed the Department of the Army, the Special Operations Command and the office of (Undersecretary of Defense for Intelligence) Dr. Cambone as well as the 9/11 Commission. My story has remained consistent.Phillpott and a civilian technician identified as "JD Smith" were the two sources for Army Lt. Col. Anthony Shaffer's claims of an intelligence failure.

Phillpott has commanded the USS Typhoon (PC 5), USS Samuel Eliot Morison (FFG 13), USS ESTOCIN (FFG-15), and USS Leyte Gulf (CG 55).

Society for Military History

The Society for Military History is a United States-based international organization of scholars who research, write, and teach military history of all time periods and places. It includes naval history, air power history, and studies of technology, ideas, and homefronts. It publishes the quarterly refereed Journal of Military History.

USS Constitution Museum

The USS Constitution Museum is located in the Charlestown Navy Yard, which is part of the Boston National Historical Park in Boston, Massachusetts, United States. The museum is situated near the ship USS Constitution at the end of Boston's Freedom Trail. The museum is housed in a restored shipyard building at the foot of Pier 2.

The museum, through its collections and interactive exhibits, tells the story of Constitution ("Old Ironsides") and the people who designed, built, and sailed her. The museum is also home to the Samuel Eliot Morison Memorial Library and includes a comprehensive archival repository of records related to the ship's history. The USS Constitution Museum is a private, non-profit organization that is managed separately from the naval ship.

USS Samuel Eliot Morison (FFG-13)

USS Samuel Eliot Morison (FFG-13), was the seventh Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigate in service with the United States Navy. She was named for Rear Admiral Samuel Eliot Morison (1887–1976), one of America's most distinguished naval historians, who wrote more than 40 books on naval history.

Samuel Eliot Morison was the first ship of that name in the U.S. Navy.

USS Wimbee (IX-88)

USS Wimbee (IX-88) was an auxiliary yawl of the United States Navy during World War II. Built in 1938 at Bremen, Germany as Condor, the yacht was acquired by the US Navy from Mr. W. L. MacFarland of Greenwich, Connecticut, in August 1942.

Wimbee served in what Samuel Eliot Morison has called the "Hooligan Navy," a motley assortment of sailing ships and pleasure craft assembled by the Navy to combat the U-boat menace before America's huge antisubmarine warship production program hit full gear. She was renamed Wimbee and was placed in service at Port Everglades, Florida, on 11 September 1942.

William Leuchtenburg

William Edward Leuchtenburg (born September 28, 1922) is the William Rand Kenan Jr. professor emeritus of history at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He is a leading scholar of the life and career of Franklin Delano Roosevelt.

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