Sam Thompson

Samuel Luther "Big Sam" Thompson (March 5, 1860 – November 7, 1922) was an American professional baseball player from 1884 to 1898 and with a brief comeback in 1906. At 6 feet, 2 inches, the Indiana native was one of the larger players of his day and was known for his prominent handlebar mustache. He played as a right fielder in Major League Baseball for the Detroit Wolverines (1885–88), Philadelphia Phillies (1889–1898) and Detroit Tigers (1906). He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1974.

Thompson had a .331 career batting average and was one of the most prolific run producers in baseball history. His career run batted in (RBI) to games played ratio of .923 (1,305 RBIs in 1,410 games) remains the highest in major league history. In 1895, Thompson averaged 1.44 RBIs per game, and his 166 RBIs in 1887 (in only 127 games) remained the major league record until 1921 when Babe Ruth collected 168 (albeit in 152 games). Thompson still holds the major league record for most RBIs in a single month with 61 in August 1894 while playing for the Phillies. Manager Bill Watkins in 1922 called Thompson "the greatest natural hitter of all time."

Defensively, Thompson was known to have one of the strongest arms of any outfielder in the early decades of the game. He still ranks among the all-time major league leaders with 61 double plays from the outfield (16th all time) and 283 outfield assists (12th all time). Thompson also had good speed on the base paths and, in 1889, he became the first major league player to reach 20 home runs and 20 stolen bases in the same season.

Sam Thompson
Sam Thompson 1885.jpeg
Right fielder
Born: March 5, 1860
Danville, Indiana
Died: November 7, 1922 (aged 62)
Detroit, Michigan
Batted: Left Threw: Left
MLB debut
July 2, 1885, for the Detroit Wolverines
Last MLB appearance
September 10, 1906, for the Detroit Tigers
MLB statistics
Batting average.331
Home runs126
Runs batted in1,308
Teams
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Induction1974
Election MethodVeteran's Committee

Early years

Thompson was born in Danville, Indiana, in 1860. He was the fifth of eleven children born to Jesse and Rebecca Thompson.[1] He was educated at the Danville Graded School.[2] After reaching adulthood, Thompson became employed as a carpenter in Danville. He and five of his brothers also played on a local baseball team known as the Danville Browns.[1][2]

Baseball career

Evansville and Indianapolis

In July 1884, Thompson began his professional baseball career at age 24, playing for the Evansville, Indiana, team in the Northwestern League. A scout for Evansville travelled to Danville and was referred to "Big Sam", who was working on a roof in Stinesville. Thompson was initially reluctant to give up his carpentry career and travel 150 miles to Evansville, but he ultimately agreed to give it a try. Unfortunately, the league folded in early August 1884, after only five games.[3] In five games at Evansville, Thompson compiled a .391 batting average.[4]

Thompson signed with the Indianapolis Hoosiers of the newly formed Western League in 1885. He compiled a .321 average in 30 games with the Hoosiers.[4] He was approached by a Union Association team and offered more money, but in a show of "steadfastness to his word", Thompson refused the offer and remained with Indianapolis at a pay of $100 per month.[5] The Hoosiers were the dominant team in the Western League, compiling an .880 winning percentage.[5]

Detroit Wolverines

Signing

In mid June 1885, the Western League disbanded, and a mad rush developed to sign the players on the Indianapolis roster,[5] a line-up that included Thompson, Deacon McGuire, Sam Crane, Chub Collins, Jim Donnelly, Mox McQuery, Gene Moriarty, and Dan Casey.[6]

Thompson later told the colorful story of his acquisition by Detroit. Detroit sent two representatives (Marsh and Maloney) to Indianapolis, principally to sign the Hoosiers' battery of Larry McKeon and Jim Keenan. The Wolverines were outbid by the Cincinnati Reds for McKeon and Keenan but wound up with the Hoosiers' manager (Bill Watkins) and the rest of the team's starting lineup. The only catch was that a 10-day waiting period would allow other teams to outbid Detroit. Marsh and Maloney promptly sent the players to Detroit and quartered them in a hotel there. The next morning, the players were told that the team had arranged a fishing trip for them. The players boarded the steamship Annette and enjoyed the first day and night of successful fishing. After three days, the players became suspicious, but the ship captain laughed when asked when they would return to Detroit. As the players became mutinous on the sixth day, the captain admitted he had been ordered to keep them "out at sea" for 10 days.[5] In another account, Thompson described his 10 days aboard the Annette as follows:

"We were prisoners, but well cared-for prisoners. Anything in the line of creature comforts you could find packed away on ice. We lived on the best in the market, and spent the rest of the time in fishing and playing poker, chips having very thoughtfully been provided. On the night of the tenth day, at midnight, we were all taken ashore where Watkins met us and signed us to our contracts."[7]

The players were only later presented with their accumulated mail which included scores of offers from other clubs.[5] A writer in the Detroit Free Press later noted: "Detroit magnates showed some inside baseball brains and great finessing in sending the players away from all tempters for that period when they belonged to no club."[5]

Regardless of the trickery by Detroit, Thompson considered Detroit to be a mecca. He recalled his first time in 1885 viewing Woodward Avenue with Indianapolis teammate Mox McQuery. They gazed with "open-mouth amazement" at the "wondrous pavements", having never seen a street as "clean and smooth as a table."[5]

1885 and 1886 seasons

Thompson joined the Wolverines lineup in early July. In his first plate appearance, he had a hit off New York Giants' Hall of Fame pitcher Tim Keefe.[5] The Wolverines were in last place when Thompson joined the club, but won 12 of their first 13 games after Thompson took over in right field.[8] Thompson compiled a .303 batting average in 63 games. Despite playing only the second half of his rookie season, Thompson ranked among the National League leaders with seven home runs (third most in the league) and nine triples (10th most in the league).[6] Displaying a strong arm that would be one of the main features of his defensive game, Thompson also ranked fifth in the league with 24 outfield assists in only 63 games.[6]

In 1886, team owner Frederick K. Stearns made a big splash when he purchased the Buffalo infield that had become known as the "Big Four", consisting of Dan Brouthers, Hardy Richardson, Jack Rowe, and Deacon White. In addition, Detroit pitcher Lady Baldwin won 42 games in 1886, a major league record for a left-handed pitcher. The 1886 season was Thompson's first full season in the majors. Thompson made a major contribution to the 1886 club as well, compiling a .310 batting average with 101 runs scored, 13 triples, and eight home runs in 122 games. His 89 runs batted in (RBIs) ranked third in the National League. His defensive statistics continued to impress as well. He led the league with 11 double plays from the outfield, ranked second with a .945 fielding percentage, and was fourth in the league with 194 outfield putouts.[6] The 1886 Wolverines compiled an impressive 87–36 record (.707 winning percentage), but lost the National League pennant, finishing 2½ games behind the Chicago White Stockings.[9]

1887 season

1887Wolverines
1887 Detroit Wolverines -- Thompson 3rd from left in back row

Thompson had his breakout season in 1887 when he won the National League batting crown with .372 batting average,[10] and he set a major league record with 166 RBIs.[11] Thompson also led the league in hits (203), triples (23), slugging percentage (.565), total bases (308), and at bats (545).[6] On May 7, 1887, Thompson became the first player in major league history to hit two triples with the bases loaded in the same game.[12] The 1887 Detroit Wolverines featured four future Hall of Fame inductees (Thompson, Dan Brouthers, Deacon White, and Ned Hanlon) and won the National League pennant with a 79-45 record.[13] The Wolverines then went on to defeat the St. Louis Browns of the American Association in a 15-game World Series challenge. Thompson played in all 15 games of the World Series and led all hitters with a .362 average, two home runs, seven RBIs and a .621 slugging percentage.[1]

1888 season

During the 1888 season, Thompson was sidelined with a sore arm during most of the season and appeared in only 56 games.[14] His batting average declined by 90 points to .282, and the fortunes of the entire 1888 Detroit team followed suit. The team finished in fifth place with a 68-63 record.[15] With high salaries owed to the team's star players, and gate receipts declining markedly, the team folded in October 1888 season with the players being sold to other teams.

Philadelphia Phillies

1889-92 seasons

On October 16, 1888, Thompson was purchased from the Wolverines by the Philadelphia Quakers (known as the Philadelphia Phillies beginning in 1890), for $5,000 cash (equal to $139,426 today).[6]

In his first season with Philadelphia, Thompson hit .296 and led the National League with a career-high 20 home runs.[6] He also became the first major league player to reach 20 home runs and 20 stolen bases (Thompson stole 24 bases) in the same season. Thompson improved his batting average to .313 in 1890 and led the league in both hits (172) and doubles (41).[6] Thompson's batting average dipped slightly below .300 in 1891 (.294) but bounced back in 1892 to .305. In each of his first four seasons with the Phillies, Thompson finished among the league leaders in total bases and RBIs. He ranked third in total bases in 1889 (262), 1890 (243), and 1893 (263), second in RBIs in 1892 (104), and third in RBIs in 1890 (102).[6] He also tallied a career-high 32 outfield assists to lead the National League in 1891.[6] (It has been suggested that Thompson's assist and home run totals in Philadelphia were aided by the short 300-foot right field fence at the Huntingdon Street Grounds.)[16] The Phillies were a good, but not great team, during Thompson's first four years in Philadelphia, finishing in fourth place in 1889, 1891 and 1892, and in third place in 1890.[17][18][19][20]

1893-95 seasons

From 1893 to 1895, Thompson hit his stride with the Phillies. During those three years, he hit .390 and averaged 207 hits, 125 runs, 146 RBIs, 21 triples, and 24 stolen bases. And he compiled those numbers while striking out an average of only 14 times per season.[6] Despite Thompson's contributions, the Phillies were unable to compete for the National League pennant, finishing in fourth place in 1893 and 1894 and in third place in 1895.[21][22][23]

Thompson's 1893 totals included a league-leading 222 hits and 37 doubles.[6] After the 1893 season, Thompson vowed not to return to Philadelphia in protest over the owners' penny-pinching ways and the team's inability to compete for a pennant. In October 1893, Thompson announced: "I shall not play again in Philadelphia, and I told Harry Wright it would be a waste of time for him to write to me about signing. The cheese-paring methods of the management ... have been the causes leading to my resolution. ... The management [has] made a barrel of money, but they grind the players into the dirt."[24] Thompson finally agreed in March 1894 to return to the Phillies, but only after management agreed to improve travel accommodations.[24]

In 1894, Thompson was part of the only all-.400-hitting outfield of all-time. All four Philadelphia outfielders ended the season with a batting average better than .400 (Tuck Turner at .416, Thompson and Ed Delahanty at .407, and Billy Hamilton at .404). Thompson missed a month from the 1894 season with an injury to the little finger on his left hand. Doctors determined that the smaller bones in the finger were dead, and portions of the finger were surgically removed in mid-May 1894.[24] Despite the injury and partial amputation, and being limited to only 102 games, Thompson compiled a .407 batting average with a career-high 28 triples and a league-leading 147 RBIs.[6] His 1894 ratio of 1.44 RBIs per game remains the all-time major league record.[12] Also, his 28 triples was the second highest total in major league history up to that time and remains the fifth highest of all time.[25] Thompson also led the National League with a career-high .696 slugging percentage,[6] and he hit for the cycle on August 17, 1894.

In 1895, Thompson compiled a .392 batting average with 211 hits in 119 games and led the National League in slugging percentage (.654), total bases (352), extra base hits (84), home runs (18), and RBIs (165).[6] His average of 1.39 RBIs per game in 1895 remains second in major league history—trailing Thompson's 1.44 ratio in 1894. Thompson also continued to perform well defensively with 31 outfield assists, second most in the league.[6] From June 11 to 21, Thompson had 6 consecutive games with at least 3 or more hits. Since then, only Jimmy Johnston(June 24–30, 1923) and George Brett(May 8–13, 1976) had 6 straight games with at least 3 or more hits.

1896-98 seasons

At age 36, Thompson played his last full season of professional baseball in 1896. His average dipped to .298, but he still managed to collect 100 RBIs. Thompson's throwing remained strong as he turned in one of the finest defensive performances of his career. Despite appearing in only 119 games in the outfield, he led the league in outfield fielding percentage (.974), outfield assists (28), and double plays from the outfield (11).[6] One sports writer noted that, even at age 38, Thompson "possessed an arm that the fastest sprinters in the big league had a lot of respect for."[5] As a team, however, the Phillies fell to eighth place in the National League with a 62-68 record.[26]

In 1897, at age 37, Thompson was sidelined by pain and appeared in only three games.[12] Some accounts suggest that Thompson's absence from the lineup may have also been the result of his not getting along with Philadelphia's new manager George Stallings.[27] Without Thompson, the 1897 Phillies dropped to 10th place with a 55-77 record.[28]

Before the 1898 season began, Thompson gave an interview in which he questioned the Phillies chances to compete in 1898: "What are the Phillies' chances this season? Six clubs, Cincinnati Baltimore, Boston, New York, Cleveland and Brooklyn are bound to beat them, and they will have to fight hard to lead the second division, and I very much doubt if they can do that."[29] Though his loyalty to the Phillies was questioned,[29] Thompson did return in 1898 and was batting .349 with 15 RBIs, five doubles, three triples, a home run after 14 games. However, Thompson opted to leave the team in May 1898 and return to his home in Detroit. His sudden retirement has been attributed to a "combination of homesickness and chronic back pain."[12] Other accounts indicate that continued tension with manager Stallings contributed to Thompson's decision to retire.[30]

Detroit Tigers

Sam Thompson
Thompson in 1908

Late in the 1906 baseball season, Thompson briefly returned to the major leagues as a player for the Detroit Tigers. With starting outfielders Ty Cobb and Davy Jones out of the Tigers lineup with injuries, Thompson volunteered to fill in. At age 46, Thompson had remained active, playing baseball for the Detroit Athletic Club and other local teams. Accordingly, in late August and early September 1906, he took his old place in right field for Detroit. Thompson's return to baseball led to an increase in attendance, as "the stands and bleachers were full of special Thompson delegations."[31] After getting a hit and two RBIs in his first game, he totaled seven hits, four runs, three RBIs and a triple in eight games with the Tigers.[6] At age 46, he became, and remains, the oldest player to hit a triple in the major leagues.[12] Detroit sports writer Paul H. Bruske noted that Thompson was still able to throw the ball from deep right field to the plate "on a line" and that he still had "a lot of speed on the bases."[31][32]

Career statistics and legacy

In 15 major league seasons, Thompson compiled a .331 batting average with 1,988 hits, 343 doubles, 161 triples, 126 home runs, 1,305 RBIs, and 232 stolen bases.[6] He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1974.[6]

Thompson was one of the most prolific run producers in baseball history. His career RBI to games played ratio of .923 (1,305 RBIs in 1,410 games) remains the highest in major league history, higher even than Lou Gehrig (.921), Hank Greenberg (.915), Joe DiMaggio (.885), and Babe Ruth (.884).[12] In 1895, Thompson averaged 1.44 RBIs per game (147 RBIs in 102 games),[6] still a major league record. His 166 RBIs in 1887 (in only 127 games) was 62 more than anyone else in the league that year,[33] and it stood as the major league record until 1921 when Babe Ruth collected 168 (albeit in 152 games). Thompson still holds the major league record for most RBIs in a single month with 61 in August 1894 while playing for the Phillies.[34]

Thompson was also one of the best power hitters of the era before Babe Ruth. At the end of the 19th century, Thompson's 126 career home runs ranked second only to Roger Connor. Defensively, Thompson still ranks among the all-time major league leaders with 61 double plays from the outfield (16th all time) and 283 outfield assists (12th all time).[35][36] Thompson has also been credited by baseball historians with perfecting "the art of throwing the ball to the plate on one bounce, which catchers found easier to handle than the usual throw on the fly."[16] Bill Watkins, who managed Thompson in Detroit, recalled: "He was a fine fielder and had a cannon arm and will live in my memory as the greatest natural hitter of all time."[37]

In a 1913 story on Thompson, Detroit sports writer Maclean Kennedy noted that Thompson's drives "were the direct cause of more hats being smashed, more backs that were thumped til they were black and blue by some wild-eyed fan sitting in the seat behind, more outbursts of frenzied shrieks and howls of glee, than those of any other player who ever wore a Detroit uniform", barring only the two great stars of the day, Ty Cobb and Sam Crawford.[5]

Family and later years

Thompson was married in 1888 to Ida Morasha of Detroit. They had no children and made their home in Detroit until Thompson's death.[1][14] After retiring from baseball, Thompson invested in real estate and was financially comfortable in his later years. He was appointed a U.S. Deputy Marshall during World War I and also worked as the crier in the courtroom of U.S. District Court Judge Arthur J. Tuttle. He was "well known" and a "well liked" figure at the federal building in Detroit.[37][38]

Thompson died in 1922 at age 62. He had a heart attack while serving as an election inspector on November 7 and was stricken again later in the morning after being taken to his home located at 6468 Trumbull Avenue in Detroit. Upon learning of Thompson's death, his former Detroit manager Bill Watkins recalled Thompson as "not only a great baseball player, but as one of the finest gentlemen I ever knew."[37][39] At Thompson's funeral, "Michigan's foremost citizens – state and city officials, judges, bankers, doctors, millionaires, laborers – paid homage ... to their beloved friend", and the neighborhood in which Thompson lived "was packed with expensive automobiles and their liveried chauffeurs" as workmen and wealthy men "discussed their favorite player with an unusual spirit of camaraderie."[40] Thompson was interred at the historic Elmwood Cemetery in Detroit.[41] He was posthumously inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1974.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Don Thompson. "Sam Thompson". Society for American Baseball Research (SABR).
  2. ^ a b "Illinois State Historical Marker for Samuel Luther Thompson". State of Indiana. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  3. ^ David L. Fleitz (2007). More Ghosts in the Gallery: Another Sixteen Little-Known Greats at Cooperstown. McFarland. p. 154. ISBN 0786480629.
  4. ^ a b "Sam Thompson Minor League Statistics". baseball-reference.com.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Maclean Kennedy (February 16, 1913). "Sam Thompson Ranks as one of the Great Sluggers of Baseball History". Detroit Free Press. p. 22.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "Sam Thompson Statistics". baseball-reference.com.
  7. ^ Fleitz, More Ghosts, p. 155.
  8. ^ Fleitz, More Ghosts, p. 156.
  9. ^ "1886 Detroit Wolverines". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  10. ^ At the end of the 1887 season, Thompson's batting average was recorded as .407, trailing Cap Anson's .421 average. These figures were computed under 1887 rules, which counted bases on balls as hits. In order to normalize 1887 records, researchers later adjusted the records to remove bases on balls from players' batting averages. When the 1887 statistics were adjusted in this manner, Thompson became the batting average leader at .372, topping Anson's average of .347.
  11. ^ The "run batted in" was not an official statistic in 1887. However, researchers subsequently analyzed game-by-game accounts to determine RBI statistics which are now included in baseball's official records.
  12. ^ a b c d e f Bill Jenkinson (2010). Baseball's Ultimate Power: Ranking the All-Time Greatest Distance Home Run Hitters. Globe Pequot. pp. 54–55. ISBN 0762762470.
  13. ^ "1887 National League Team Statistics and Standings". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  14. ^ a b Fleitz, More Ghosts, p. 159.
  15. ^ "1888 Detroit Wolverines". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  16. ^ a b Fleitz, More Ghosts, p. 160.
  17. ^ "1889 Philadelphia Phillies". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  18. ^ "1890 Philadelphia Phillies". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  19. ^ "1891 Philadelphia Phillies". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  20. ^ "1892 Philadelphia Phillies". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  21. ^ "1893 Philadelphia Phillies". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  22. ^ "1894 Philadelphia Phillies". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  23. ^ "1895 Philadelphia Phillies". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  24. ^ a b c Fleitz, More Ghosts, p. 162.
  25. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Triples". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  26. ^ "1896 Philadelphia Phillies". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  27. ^ Fleitz, More Ghosts, p. 163.
  28. ^ "1897 Philadelphia Phillies". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  29. ^ a b "Philadelphia News – Thompson's Unwise Criticism of the Phillies". Sporting Life. February 12, 1898. p. 9.
  30. ^ Fleitz, More Ghosts, p. 164.
  31. ^ a b Paul H. Bruske (September 9, 1906). "The Temporary Return to Duty of Sam Thompson a Noteworthy Event". Sporting Life. p. 6.
  32. ^ Paul H. Bruske (September 22, 1906). "Jennings for Detroit". Sporting Life. p. 19.
  33. ^ "1887 National League Batting Leaders". baseball-reference.com.(Hall of Famers Roger Connor, Cap Anson, and Dan Brouthers finished with 104, 102 and 101 RBIs respectively.)
  34. ^ "RBI Records / Runs Batted in Records". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  35. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for Double Plays Turned as OF". baseball-reference.com.
  36. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for Assists as OF". baseball-reference.com.
  37. ^ a b c "Sam Thompson, Diamond Star of Early Days, Passes Beyond: Famous Hitter of 1887 World's Series Champion Detroit Team Succumbs to Heart Disease – Stricken in His Sixty Second Year". Detroit Free Press. November 8, 1922. p. 16.
  38. ^ "Thompson Great Slugger In His Day". The Sporting News. November 16, 1922. p. 2.
  39. ^ "Sam Thompson Dies: Former Big Leaguer Stricken with Heart Attack". The New York Times. November 7, 1922.
  40. ^ "Sam Thompson Is Paid Homage: Citizens of All Walks Join In Tribute at Old-Time Ball Players Funeral". Detroit Free Press. November 12, 1922. p. 15.
  41. ^ "Sam Thompson". Find a Grave. Retrieved September 25, 2012.

External links

Preceded by
Bill Hassamaer
Hitting for the cycle
August 17, 1894
Succeeded by
Tom Parrott
1887 Detroit Wolverines season

The 1887 Detroit Wolverines season was a season in American baseball. The team won the 1887 National League pennant, then defeated the St. Louis Browns in the 1887 World Series. The season was the team's seventh since it entered the National League in 1881. It was the first World Series championship for the Detroit Wolverines and the City of Detroit.

1887 Major League Baseball season

The 1887 MLB Season was the National League's twelfth season and American Association's sixth season. The Detroit Wolverines defeated the St. Louis Browns in a 15-game World Series match played in ten cities.

The Louisville Colonels set a Major League record which still stands for the most base on balls for a team in a game, with 19 against the Cleveland Blues on the 21st of September.

1894 Philadelphia Phillies season

The 1894 Philadelphia Phillies season was a season in American baseball. The team finished in fourth place in the National League with a record of 71–57, 18 games behind the Baltimore Orioles. In August, the Phillies scored 312 runs, which still stands as the record in Major League Baseball for runs scored in a single month. Four of the team's outfielders hit over .400: Hall of Famers Sam Thompson, Ed Delehanty, and Billy Hamilton, plus reserve Tuck Turner.

1974 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1974 followed the system in place since 1971.

The Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from recent major league players and

elected two, Whitey Ford and Mickey Mantle.

The Veterans Committee met in closed sessions to consider executives, managers, umpires, and earlier major league players.

It selected three people: Jim Bottomley, Jocko Conlan, and Sam Thompson.

The Negro Leagues Committee also met in person and selected Cool Papa Bell.

2009 Widnes Vikings season

The Widnes Vikings competed in the Co-operative Championship in 2009. This was their first season under their new head coachPaul Cullen who replaced the outgoing Steve McCormack. Under Cullen's stewardship, Widnes managed to advance to the final of the Northern Rail Cup and ultimately won the cup, ensuring the club could apply for Super League membership in 2012.

Celebrity Big Brother (British series 20)

Celebrity Big Brother 20 was the twentieth series of the British reality television series Celebrity Big Brother, hosted by Emma Willis and narrated by Marcus Bentley. The series launched on 1 August 2017, and concluded on 25 August 2017 after 25 days, making this the shortest series since Celebrity Big Brother 12 in 2013. The series will air on Channel 5 in the United Kingdom and 3e in Ireland. Rylan Clark-Neal will continue to present the spin-off show Celebrity Big Brother's Bit on the Side. It is the thirteenth celebrity series and twentieth series of Big Brother overall to air on Channel 5.

During the launch show on 1 August 2017, Emma confirmed that the winner would receive £50,000 for a charity of their choice. This is the first celebrity series to include a prize fund since Celebrity Big Brother 3 in 2005.On 25 August 2017, Sarah Harding was announced as the winner of the series having received 35.33% of the final vote, with Amelia Lily as the runner-up after receiving 29.92%.

List of Made in Chelsea cast members

The following is a list of cast members of the British semi-reality television programme Made in Chelsea.

List of Major League Baseball players with a .400 batting average in a season

In baseball, batting average (AVG) is a measure of a batter's success rate in achieving a hit during an at bat, and is calculated by dividing a player's hits by his at bats. The achievement of a .400 batting average in a season is recognized as "the standard of hitting excellence", in light of how batting .300 in a season is already regarded as solid. Twenty players have recorded a batting average of at least .400 in a single Major League Baseball (MLB) season as of 2018, the last being Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox in 1941. Three players – Ed Delahanty, Ty Cobb and Rogers Hornsby – have accomplished the feat in three different seasons, and no player has ever hit over .440, a single-season record established by Hugh Duffy in 1894. Ross Barnes was the first player to bat .400 in a season, posting a .429 batting average in the National League's inaugural 1876 season.In total, 20 players have reached the .400 mark in MLB history and five have done so more than once. Of these, ten were right-handed batters, nine were left-handed, and one was a switch hitter, meaning he could bat from either side of the plate. Two of these players (Terry and Williams) played for only one major league team. The Philadelphia Phillies are the only franchise to have four players reach the milestone while on their roster: Delahanty, Billy Hamilton, Sam Thompson, and Tuck Turner, all of whom attained a batting average over .400 during the 1894 season. Three players won the Most Valuable Player (MVP) Award in the same year as their .400 season. Tip O'Neill, Nap Lajoie, and Hornsby are the only players to have earned the Triple Crown alongside achieving a .400 batting average, leading their respective leagues in batting average, home runs and runs batted in (RBI). Although Shoeless Joe Jackson's .408 batting average in 1911 did not earn him the American League's batting title, it established a major league record for a rookie that stands to this day. Fred Dunlap has the lowest career batting average among players who have batted .400 in a season with .292, while Cobb – with .366 – recorded the highest career average in major league history.Due to the 75 years that have elapsed since Williams became the last player to achieve the feat and the integral changes to the way the game of baseball is played since then – such as the increased utilization of specialized relief pitchers – a writer for The Washington Post called the mark "both mystical and unattainable". Consequently, modern day attempts to reach the hallowed mark by Rod Carew (.388 in 1977), George Brett (.390 in 1980) and Tony Gwynn (.394 in the strike-shortened 1994 season) have generated considerable hype among fans and in the media. Of the seventeen players eligible for the Baseball Hall of Fame who have batted .400 in a season, fourteen have been elected and two were elected on the first ballot. Players are eligible for the Hall of Fame if they have played in at least 10 MLB seasons, and have either been retired for five seasons or deceased for at least six months. These requirements leave two players ineligible – Barnes and Turner – who did not play in at least 10 seasons. Shoeless Joe Jackson is ineligible for the Hall of Fame because he was permanently banned from baseball in 1921 for his involvement in the Black Sox Scandal.

List of Major League Baseball single-season triples leaders

Below is the list of 112 instances in which Major League Baseball players have hit 20 or more triples in a single season. Active players are in bold.

Sam Thompson (artist)

Sam Thompson (1930-2015) was an American watercolorist and oil painter from Pennsylvania and then Massachusetts. He served as a faculty member at the Philadelphia Museum School and also taught in the Boston area and on television through Cambridge Community Television.Samuel G. Thompson Jr. was born in Philadelphia, in 1930 to Samuel and Helen (Ketcham) Thompson and later moved to Newtown, Pennsylvania. He graduated from Dobbins High School in 1949, and then graduated from the Philadelphia Museum College of Art in 1953 and later graduated from Philadelphia College of the Bible (now Cairn University). After being ordained to the ministry in 1961, Thompson pastored a Baptist church in Rumford, Maine and then after leaving the ministry, he moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts to work in business and art. Thompson was known for his watercolor and oil paintings and spent winters painting in Oaxaca, Mexico. He spent summers painting in Cambridge and Monhegan Island in Maine. Thompson also taught art on television as well as in the Cambridge and Boston area at various locations. Thompson was an active member of the New England Watercolor Society exhibited paintings there and elsewhere. He died in 2015 and left the majority of his paintings in his estate to Park Street Church in Boston, and he was buried in Newtown Cemetery in Pennsylvania.

Sam Thompson (basketball)

Sam Thompson (born November 11, 1992) is an American professional basketball player for Vasas Akademia of the Nemzeti Bajnokság I/A. He played college basketball for Ohio State.

Sam Thompson (playwright)

Sam(uel) Thompson (21 May 1916 – 15 February 1965) was a Northern Irish playwright best known for his controversial plays Over the Bridge, which exposes sectarianism, and Cemented with Love, which focuses on political corruption. His works fall into the social realist genre but are distinct in their dramatisation of Northern Irish issues; they were ground-breaking in documenting sectarian violence before the eruption of the Troubles.

Sam Thompson (rugby league)

Sam "Sammy"/"Thommo" Thompson" (born 9 October 1986) is an English rugby league footballer for St. Helens in the Super League.

Sam Thompson's position of choice is as a prop.

He made his début in the Challenge Cup victory against the London Skolars on 20 April 2008.He will join National League One side the Widnes Vikings for the 2009 season.

Sam Thompson (tennis)

Samuel Thompson (born 8 January 1993) is an Australian professional tennis player.

Thompson, teamed with Masa Jovanovic, won a wildcard playoff to earn entry into the mixed doubles of the 2015 Australian Open. Prior to this, his best result was qualifying for a ITF Men's Circuit tournament in 2012.Thompson competes for the Tasmania Devils of the Asia-Pacific Tennis League.Thompson also won the 2015 Bendigo Championships in singles.

Sam Thompson (writer)

Sam Thompson (born 1978) is a British novelist.

His novel Communion Town was longlisted for the 2012 Man Booker Prize as one of top 12 novels chosen, but was not shortlisted into the Final 6.

Samuel D. Thompson

Samuel D. Thompson (born July 31, 1935) is an American Republican Party politician who has served in the New Jersey Senate since January 2012, representing the 12th Legislative district. Prior to redistricting in 2011, he served in the General Assembly from 1998 to 2012, representing the 13th district.

Inducted as a Phillie
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