Saltillo (American Spanish: [salˈtiʝo] (listen)) is the capital and largest city of the northeastern Mexican state of Coahuila and the municipal seat of the municipality of the same name. As of the 2015 census, Saltillo had a population of 807,537 people, while the population of the metropolitan area was 923,636 inhabitants, making Saltillo the largest city and the second largest metropolitan area in the state of Coahuila and the 19th most populated metropolitan area in the country.
Saltillo is one of the most industrialized areas of the country and has one of the largest automotive clusters in Mexico, with plants such as Grupo Industrial Saltillo, General Motors, Fiat Group, Chrysler, Daimler, Freightliner, Delphi, Plastic Omnium, Magna, and Nemak been installed in the region. In 2013, the FDi Intelligence Magazine placed the capital of Coahuila as the best medium-sized city with the best economic potential to invest in Latin America.
The first union between two people of the same sex in Latin America was made in Saltillo. This happened on January 2007, when two women united through the Civil Pact of Solidarity,
City of Saltillo
Coat of arms
The Athens of Mexico, The Detroit of Mexico
Location of Saltillo within the municipality
|Founded||July 25, 1577|
|Founded as||Villa de Santiago del Saltillo|
|Founded by||Alberto del Canto|
|Elevation||1,600 m (5,250 ft)|
|• City||807,537 |
|• Metro||923,636 |
|Time zone||UTC−6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Founded in 1577 by Conquistador Alberto del Canto and Spanish colonists, Saltillo is the oldest post-conquest settlement in northern Mexico. Fourteen years later in 1591 the Spanish resettled a community of their Tlaxcaltec allies in a separate nearby village (San Esteban de Nueva Tlaxcala), in order to cultivate the land and aid colonization efforts that had stalled in the face of hostility of the indigenous Chichimeca people to the Spanish presence. Saltillo grew slowly due to hostile Indians and shortages of water. Its population 100 years after its founding was about 300; the population of the adjoining Tlaxcalan town of San Estaban was about 1,750.
Saltillo was a northern commercial center on the northern frontier which served as a bridge from central Mexico to regions farther northeast, Nuevo León, Nuevo Santander, Coahuila, and Texas. Saltillo supplied the silver mines of Zacatecas with wheat. It never rose to great prominence, but it did develop a commercial core and an agricultural and ranching sector that supplied its own needs, with surpluses that could be sold. Saltillo became administratively more important at the end of the eighteenth century, with the establishment of a branch of the Royal Treasury. Merchants, most of whom were Iberian-born peninsular Spaniards, constituted the most important economic group, handling a wide variety of goods and sold in shops. They were the provincial branch of the transatlantic merchant sector, with ties to Mexico City merchants. Peninsular merchants in Saltillo married into local elite society, acquired rural properties, and sought local office. In the late seventeenth century, an annual trade fair was established, with goods from as far away as China and Europe, but also Mexican manufactures and livestock. Saltillo could produce wheat commercially so long as enterprises had access to water, but as with many other parts of the North, drought was a consistent threat. In the eighteenth century, there was a demand for draft animals, which Saltillo could supply.
In 1824, Saltillo was made the capital of the State of Coahuila y Tejas and included the area which is now the U.S. state of Texas until the Texas War of Independence and the founding of the independent Texas Republic.
On 23 October 1840 the Battle of Saltillo took place when 110 Texans and Tejanos crossed the Rio Grande and attacked the city, as part of a campaign to establish the Republic of the Rio Grande, a separatist rebellion in northeastern Mexico which had Texan support.
El Cerro del Pueblo (The People's Hill) and its 4-metre (13 ft) cross overlook the city. The city's elevation makes it cooler and windier than the neighboring city of Monterrey. Saltillo lies near the city of Arteaga and in the Chihuahuan Desert. The city is flanked by the Zapalinamé mountains, which are part of the Sierra Madre Oriental. By looking at the relief of the mountains, one can see, according to local legend, the relief of Zapalinamé, chieftain of the Guachichil tribe.
Saltillo has a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSh, just avoiding arid designation). Saltillo is located in the Chihuahuan Desert but temperatures are cooler than other desert cities in Mexico because it is located in an altitude of 1,600 meters (5,250 ft). Summers are slightly hot with cool nights, and winters are sunny but cool. Rainfall is scarce but more prominent in summer.
Saltillo's most famous exports are Saltillo tile and the locally woven multi-coloured sarapes. Mercedes-Benz and General Motors both have assembly plants here and Chrysler operates a truck assembly plant, a sedan assembly plant, two engine facilities and a car transmissions plant. 37.4% of cars and 62.6% of trucks produced in Mexico are assembled in Saltillo. Saltillo is home to the Grupo Industrial Saltillo, an important manufacturing conglomerate that makes home appliances, silverware, and auto parts.
During the early 20th century, Saltillo was called the Athens of Mexico because of its number of famous intellectuals. At that time, Saltillo was inhabited by a large number of expatriates from Europe, particularly Great Britain and Ireland. It is currently considered the Detroit of Mexico because of the importance of its automotive industry, including the huge Chrysler, General Motors, and Delphi plants.
The General Motors plant, the Complejo Industrial Ramos Arizpe (Ramos Arizpe Industrial Complex) manufactures vehicles for export to Japan, Canada, and Central America as well as for domestic purchase. It builds the Chevrolet C2, Chevrolet Monza, Chevrolet Captiva, Chevrolet HHR, Saturn Vue hybrid, Saab 9-4X and Cadillac SRX. As of 2016 the plant produces about one third of the firm's full-sized pickups.
Alameda Zaragoza, located just west of the downtown plaza, has a pond in the shape of the Mexican Republic.
The Colonial Center of the city is built in pink marble, giving Saltillo's architecture a distinctive flavor. Prominent buildings are the cathedral (built from 1745-1800), the Palacio de Gobierno (state government building), the Ateneo Fuente and the Instituto Tecnológico de Saltillo. The large cathedral is the best example of colonial religious architecture in northeastern Mexico; its facade is mainly Spanish Baroque, with less exuberant areas. The Centro Cultural Vito Alessio Robles (Vito Alessio Cultural Center) is an 18th-century repository of antiquities and documents from historians Vito Alessio Robles and Oscar Davila. The repository is also a temporal museum. The Casa Purcell (Purcell Manor) is a Victorian style mansion built in the 19th century by Irish merchant William Purcell. Today it is a cultural center. Next to Casa Purcell, is Banco Purcell which is also a cultural center.
The city has two world-class museums. The Museo de las Aves de México (Bird Museum), featuring a collection of bird specimens from all over Mexico in realistic displays. The Museo del Desierto (Desert Museum) focuses on the geography, geology, paleontology (with dinosaur fossils) and biodiversity of the Chihuahuan Desert, and the history and culture of the local people through time. It includes a cactus greenhouse and exhibits, with dozens of species.
The Mirador is an amazing place to observe a panoramic view of the city. Underground tunnels start in the Catedral de Santiago and end at the city's limits.
Saltillo's main universities are the Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila, the Instituto Tecnológico de Saltillo, the Tec de Monterrey Saltillo Campus, El Instituto de Filologia Hispanica, and the Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro. Other universities include Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios Avanzados del IPN (CINVESTAV Saltillo), Universidad Interamericana del Norte (Tec Sierra Madre , Universidad Autonoma del Noreste, Universidad Pedagogica Nacional, Universidad del Valle de Mexico, Escuela Normal de Coahuila , and many others.
The following professional clubs are based in Saltillo:
|Dinos Saltillo||American football||2016||LFA||Estadio Olímpico Francisco I. Madero|
|Saraperos de Saltillo||Baseball||1970||Mexican League||Estadio de Béisbol Francisco I. Madero|
Saltillo Metropolitan Area air traffic is served by Plan de Guadalupe International Airport. It takes 15 minutes to get from downtown Saltillo to the airport. It has several flights per day to Mexico City and no flights to international locations. There is a comprehensive bus system in Saltillo along with many taxis.
The following are sister cities of Saltillo:
And while Fiat Chrysler is expanding its American output of trucks, it still relies on its factory in Saltillo, Mexico, for 30 to 40 percent of its pickups
The 2013–14 Saltillo Rancho Seco season was the first international season of the Saltillo Rancho Seco professional indoor soccer club. The Saltillo Rancho Seco, a Central Division team in the Professional Arena Soccer League, played their home games at the newly constructed Deportivo Rancho-Seco Saltillo in Saltillo, the capital of the northern Mexican state of Coahuila. While construction was underway, the team played its first home game on the campus of the Autonomous University of Coahuila.
The team was led by owner/general manager Marco Antonio Davila De Leon and head coach Elizandro Campos with assistant coach Jesus Monroy.Coahuila
Coahuila (Spanish pronunciation: [koaˈwila] (listen)), formally Coahuila de Zaragoza (American Spanish: [koaˈwila ðe saɾaˈɣosa] (listen)), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Coahuila de Zaragoza (Spanish: Estado Libre y Soberano de Coahuila de Zaragoza), is one of the 31 states which, along with Mexico City, compose the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
Coahuila borders the Mexican states of Nuevo León to the east, Zacatecas and San Luis Potosí to the south, and Durango and Chihuahua to the west. To the north, Coahuila accounts for a 512 kilometres (318 mi) stretch of the Mexico–United States border, adjacent to the U.S. state of Texas along the course of the Rio Grande (Río Bravo del Norte). With an area of 151,563 square kilometres (58,519 sq mi), it is the nation's third-largest state. It comprises 38 municipalities (municipios). In 2010, Coahuila's population is 2,748,391 inhabitants.
The five largest cities in Coahuila are the state capital city of Saltillo; the second largest is Torreón (largest metropolitan area in Coahuila and 9th largest in Mexico), third largest is Monclova (a former state capital), fourth largest is Ciudad Acuña, and fifth largest is Piedras Negras.Coahuila y Tejas
Coahuila y Tejas (Coahuila and Texas) was one of the constituent states of the newly established United Mexican States under its 1824 Constitution.It had two capitals: first Saltillo (1822–1825) for petition of Miguel Ramos Arizpe, that changing the capital for dispute of political groups, but Monclova recovered primacy because it was the colonial capital since 1689; this action provoked a struggle between the residents of Saltillo and Monclova in 1838–1840, but the political actions of Santa Anna convinced the monclovitas to accept the final change of political powers to Saltillo. In the case of Tejas its territory was organized for administrative purposes, with the state being divided into three districts: Béxar, comprising the area covered by Texas; Monclova, comprising northern Coahuila; and Río Grande Saltillo, comprising southern Coahuila.
The state remained in existence until the adoption of the 1835 "Constitutional Bases", whereby the federal republic was converted into a unitary one, and the nation's states (estados) were turned into departments (departamentos). The State of Coahuila and Texas was split in two and became the Department of Coahuila and the Department of Texas.
Both Coahuila and Texas seceded from Mexico because of Antonio López de Santa Anna's attempts to centralize the government. Texas eventually became the independent Republic of Texas, which in 1845 became a state of the United States of America. Coahuila joined with Nuevo León and Tamaulipas, to form the short-lived Republic of the Rio Grande.Elena Huerta Muzquiz
Elena Huerta Múzquiz (b. July 15, 1908 – d. 1997) was a Mexican artist best known for her mural work in her hometown of Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico. Most of her art career was dedicated to teaching, but she was one of the founders of the Compañía de Teatro Infantil with German Cueto, Lola Cueto, Angelina Beloff and Leopoldo Méndez, the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios and a founding member of the Salón de la Plástica Mexicana. She created three mural projects in Saltillo, with the last done when she was 65 years of age, a work over 450m², the largest mural work created by a woman in Mexico.Fernando Salas (baseball)
Noel Fernando Salas (born May 30, 1985) is a Mexican professional baseball pitcher for the Acereros de Monclova of the Mexican League. He previously played for the St. Louis Cardinals, New York Mets, Los Angeles Angels and Arizona Diamondbacks of Major League Baseball (MLB).Hilda Esthela Flores Escalera
Hilda Esthela Flores Escalera (born 9 September 1970) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the PRI. She currently serves as Senator of the LXII Legislature of the Mexican Congress. She also served as deputy during the LXI Legislature.Lafragua
Lafragua Municipality is a municipality in the Mexican state of Puebla. According to the National Statistics Institute (INEGI), it had a population of 10,551 inhabitants in the 2005 census. By the 2010 census it had dropped to 7,767 inhabitants, 761 of whom lived in Saltillo, the municipal seat. Its total area is 128.85 km². The Saltillo name comes from the Nahuatl words Atlcholoa in atl, which means water, and Choloa, meaning drip. Therefore, means water that drips. The name Lafragua is in honor of José María Lafragua.
Its geographical coordinates are 19° 17′ 52” North, and 97° 17′ 54” West at Saltillo. Its average altitude is 2,860 m above sea level. The elevation at Saltillo is officially 2,829 meters (9,281.5 ft.), making it the third-highest municipal seat in Mexico (after Emiliano Zapata, Tlaxcala and El Porvenir, Chiapas).
Source: Statistics from INEGILuis Ayala
Luis Ignacio Ayala Hernández (born January 12, 1978) is a Mexican former professional baseball pitcher. He played in Major League Baseball for the Montreal Expos/Washington Nationals, New York Mets, Minnesota Twins, Florida Marlins, New York Yankees, Baltimore Orioles, and Atlanta Braves. He is 6 feet 2 inches (1.88 m) and weighs 190 pounds (86 kg). He bats and throws right-handed.Mexican Federal Highway 40D
Federal Highway 40D is the designation for toll highway paralleling Mexican Federal Highway 40. Highway 40D connects Mazatlán, Sinaloa to Reynosa, Tamaulipas. It forms most of the highway corridor between Mazatlán and Matamoros, Tamaulipas, one of 14 major highway corridors in the country.Radio Coahuila
Radio Coahuila is the state radio network of the Mexican state of Coahuila, broadcasting on 16 transmitters in the state. Radio Coahuila's studios are located in the capital city of Saltillo, in a state office building on Periférico Luis Echeverría, alongside the Saltillo transmitter.Saltillo, Indiana
Saltillo is a town in Brown Township, Washington County, in the U.S. state of Indiana. The population was 92 at the 2010 census.Saltillo, Ohio
Saltillo is an unincorporated community in Perry County, in the U.S. state of Ohio.Saltillo, Pennsylvania
Saltillo is a borough in Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 346 at the 2010 census.Saltillo, Tennessee
Saltillo is a town in Hardin County, Tennessee. The population was 303 at the 2010 census. Saltillo is located on the left bank of the Tennessee River, about 12 miles north of Savannah.Saltillo Airport
Plan de Guadalupe International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional Plan de Guadalupe, IATA: SLW, ICAO: MMIO), also known as Saltillo Airport, is an airport located at Ramos Arizpe in the state of Coahuila in Mexico. It serves the metropolitan area of Saltillo–Ramos Arizpe, also served by nearby Monterrey's Monterrey International Airport and Del Norte International Airport.
The international category was given back in 1987, when the runway was expanded to receive aircraft such as the Boeing 757, and the new terminal was opened with four boarding gates, a modern ticketing area, customs, migration, baggage claim areas, and a cafeteria.
On November 21, 2017, Aeroméxico Connect ended it's single commercial service to Mexico City, but they returned on January 15, 2018.Saltillo Cathedral
The St. James Cathedral (Spanish: Catedral de Santiago) Also Saltillo Cathedral Is the catholic cathedral of the city of Saltillo in Mexico. It is located in the historical center of the city, opposite the Plaza de Armas, is one of the architectural jewels of the state of Coahuila. It is the tallest cathedral in the north of Mexico, and one of the highest in the country.
Raised to the side of the original parish, in the year 1745, by the priest Felipe Suárez de Estrada, under the project of Nicolás Hernández, the new temple of greater proportions was not finished until 1800.
With the erection of the Diocese of Saltillo on June 23, 1891, by a bull created by Pope Leo XIII, the temple is designated as the site of this, and is granted the rank of cathedral.
The tower began in the year 1883. Later as it was called chapel step to the cathedral name in the year 1951.Saltillo Municipality
Saltillo is one of the 38 municipalities of Coahuila, in north-eastern Mexico. The municipal seat lies at Saltillo. The municipality covers an area of 6837 km².
As of 2005, the municipality had a total population of 648,929.The municipal government is headed by the municipal president of Saltillo (or mayor of Saltillo).Saraperos de Saltillo
The Saraperos de Saltillo (English: Saltillo Serape Wearers) is a Triple-A Minor League Baseball team which plays in the Mexican League. They have won three championships (1980, 2009, and 2010). Their home ballpark is the Estadio de Béisbol Francisco I. Madero in Saltillo, Coahuila. The 1979 Saraperos were recognized as one of the 100 greatest minor league teams of all time.
|Climate data for Saltillo (1951–2010)|
|Record high °C (°F)||36.5
|Average high °C (°F)||19.7
|Daily mean °C (°F)||12.1
|Average low °C (°F)||4.5
|Record low °C (°F)||−14.5
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||15.8
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)||3.4||2.7||2.0||3.4||5.1||6.3||8.8||9.2||7.9||5.1||3.0||3.3||60.2|
|Average snowy days||0.1||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.2||0.3|
|Average relative humidity (%)||55||52||48||50||55||59||62||64||69||66||60||59||58|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||169.5||174.8||195.4||182.3||209.1||215.8||205.7||199.3||169.4||186.0||176.7||152.4||2,236.4|
|Source #1: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional|
|Source #2: Colegio de Postgraduados|