Salta Province

Salta (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈsalta]) is a province of Argentina, located in the northwest of the country. Neighboring provinces are from the east clockwise Formosa, Chaco, Santiago del Estero, Tucumán and Catamarca. It also surrounds Jujuy. To the north it borders Bolivia and Paraguay and to the west lies Chile.

Coat of arms of Salta

Coat of arms
La Linda (The beautiful)
Location of Salta Province within Argentina
Location of Salta Province within Argentina
 • GovernorJuan Manuel Urtubey (FPV)
 • Deputies7
 • Senators3
 • Total155,488 km2 (60,034 sq mi)
 • Total1,214,441
 • Rank8th
 • Density7.8/km2 (20/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−3 (ART)
ISO 3166 codeAR-A
HDI (2016)0.830 Very High (19th)[2]


Before the Spanish conquest, numerous native peoples (now called Diaguitas and Calchaquíes) lived in the valleys of what is now Salta Province; they formed many different tribes, the Quilmes and Humahuacas among them, which all shared the Cacán language. The Atacamas lived in the Puna, and the Wichís (Matacos), in the Chaco region.

The first conquistador to venture into the area was Diego de Almagro in 1535; he was followed by Diego de Rojas. Hernando de Lerma founded San Felipe de Lerma in 1582, following orders of the viceroy Francisco de Toledo, Count of Oropesa; the name of the city was soon changed to "San Felipe de Salta". By 1650, the city had around five hundred inhabitants.

Cabildo - Salta (5708)
Colonial Cabildo in the city of Salta.

An intendency of "Salta del Tucumán" was created within the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. In 1774, San Ramón de La Nueva Orán was founded between Salta and Tarija (Tarija was added to the intendency later, in 1807). In 1783, in recognition of the growing importance of the city, the capital of the intendency of Salta del Tucumán was moved from San Miguel de Tucumán to Salta.

The battle of Salta in 1813 freed the territory from Spain, but occasional attacks were mounted from the Viceroyalty of Peru as late as 1826. Gervasio de Posadas created the Province of Salta in 1814, containing the current provinces of Salta, Jujuy, and parts of southern Bolivia and northern Chile.

Exploiting internal Argentine conflicts that arose after the Argentine Declaration of Independence, Bolivia annexed Tarija in 1826. In 1834, Jujuy withdrew from Salta and became a separate province. The borders of Salta were further reduced in 1900, with the loss of Yacuiba to Bolivia.

The National Government of Los Andes, constituted from the province in 1902 with a capital at San Antonio de los Cobres, was returned to Salta Province in 1943 as the Department of Los Andes.

Antonio Alice's painting, La muerte de Güemes, which received a Gold Medal at the Centenary Exposition, is on display at the offices of the Salta Provincial Government.[3]


La Caldera3-Salta Argentina
La Caldera Valley, Salta.

The total land area of the province is 155,488 km2 (60,034 sq mi), making it the sixth largest province by area in Argentina.[4]:14-15 The main rivers of the province are the Pilcomayo, Bermejo, and the Juramento, which later becomes the Salado River.[4]:15 Salta Province is located at a geologically active region, and suffers from occasional earthquakes. There have been four earthquakes of note in the province:

The 1692 earthquake was the inspiration for Salta's annual citywide festival, held on 16 September, in honor of El Señor y la Virgen del Milagro.[5]


The province is located in the tropical zone and has a warm climate in general, though it has marked variation in climate types owing to the variation in altitudes.[6] The orientation of the Andes influences the distribution of precipitation within the province.[6]

The easternmost parts of the province have a semi-arid climate with a dry winter season.[6][7] The mean annual temperature and precipitation are 20 °C (68.0 °F) and 500 millimetres (19.7 in).[6][7] Temperatures can reach up to 47 °C (116.6 °F) during summers, while they can fall down to −5 °C (23.0 °F) during winters.[6][7]

The first slopes of the Andes force the moist, easterly winds to rise, provoking very high condensation leading to the formation of clouds that generate copious amounts of rain.[8] The eastern slopes of the mountains receive between 1,000 to 1,500 mm (39 to 59 in) of precipitation a year, although some places receive up to 2,500 mm (98 in) of precipitation annually owing to orographic precipitation.[8][9] Most of the precipitation is concentrated in the summer, with winters being dry.[10] The high rainfall on these first slopes creates a thick jungle that extends in a narrow strip along these ranges, creating an area of great species diversity.[6][10] At higher altitudes on these slopes, the climate is cooler and more humid, with the vegetation consisting of deciduous and pine trees.[10]

Between the high altitudes to the west and the low plains to the east lie the valleys.[7] The climate of these valleys is temperate, allowing for human settlement and agricultural activities.[7] Mean annual precipitation is around 1,000 mm (39 in), most of it during summer.[7] Mean temperatures exceed 20 °C (68.0 °F) during the summer, while during winter, they are below 14 °C (57.2 °F).[7]

Further west, the Altiplano is a plateau at 3,000 m to 4,000 m above sea level. The climate is arid and cold: high temperatures vary little (since the warmer season is cloudy, and the coolest is sunny), ranging from 14 °C to 21 °C (57F to 70F); night temperatures go from 6 °C (43F) in midsummer, to -8 °C (18F) in midwinter, and extremes under -15 °C (5F) might be recorded. All rain falls exclusively in the summer, with values between 200 mm and 400 mm in total. Several salt flats exist in this area.

At the highest altitudes found in the western parts of the province, the climate is arid and cold, with large diurnal ranges (temperature range between day and night).[6]


Salta's economy is relatively underdeveloped, yet diverse. Its economy in 2006 was estimated at US$5.141 billion or, US$4,764 per capita, 45% below the national average.[11] In 2012, its economy was estimated at $30.613 billon pesos (about US$6.743 billion) or $23,971 pesos (about US$5,280) per capita.[12][13]

Manufacturing plays a significant role in Salta, adding 20% to the economy. Gas and petroleum from the Tartagal, Aguas Blancas, Madrejones and Campo Durán centres is transported to Buenos Aires and Rosario by pipes. There is also an oil refinery located at Campo Durán. Mining includes uranium at Iruya, La Poma and San Carlos.

Agriculture and its derived industries are still an important activity in the province, adding over 10% to output. Tobacco, sugar cane and viticulture are the most important and produce most of the exports from the area. Other crops mostly for local consumption are maize, beans, citrus, bananas, and tomatoes. The sugar cane is processed in plants in Salta before it is sent to the rest of Argentina and other countries. The plant in San Martín de Tabacal is the most important of them. The famous wines of the Valles Calchaquíes region (mainly Torrontés, Malbec and Cabernet Sauvignon) near Cafayate are produced in numerous vineyards of diverse sizes. American breeds of cattle are raised only on the humid subtropical east, along with some sheep and goats.


Museo de Arqueología de Alta montaña en la provincia de Salta
Museo de Arqueología de Alta montaña, Salta

The Salta province is home to a number of natural, social and historic attractions.

The city La Linda ("The beautiful") is both an important tourist destination, and the centre point for visiting the rest of the province. The city holds different attractions; among them are its colonial houses and cathedral, and the Museo de Arqueología de Alta Montaña de Salta that holds the three frozen Inca mummies found at the Llullaillaco volcano and known as the Children of Llullaillaco .

The Tren a las Nubes ("Train to the Clouds") crosses canyons and cliffs before arriving at the 3,775 metres altitude (12,500 feet) of San Antonio de los Cobres. The red-rock formations of the Valles Calchaquíes and the wine-town of Cafayate are the second most visited place in the province. Many visit the Cachi mountains and the villages (such as Payogasta) around it.

There are three national parks in Salta: El Rey National Park in the Yungas jungle, Baritú National Park and Los Cardones National Park.

The Train to the Clouds one of the highest railways in the world, taking its way across the high peaks of the Cordillera de los Andes, surrounded by striking sceneries.[14]


According to the results from the 2010 census [INDEC], the province has a population of 1,214,441.[15] It constitutes 3.0% of the total population in Argentina.[16]:63 This represented a 12.5% increase in the population compared to 2001 census [INDEC] which had 1,079,051 inhabitants.[17] 6.5% of the population or 79,204 persons declared themselves as having Indigenous background,[18]:69 making it one of the provinces that has a high percentage of indigenous people, being ranked 5th behind Chubut, Neuquén, Jujuy and Río Negro.[16]:278 The most populous indigenous groups in the province are the Wichí, which make up 24.9% of the total indigenous population followed by the Kolla (21.6%), and the Guaraní (13.7%).[18]:69 As well, 4,189 persons declared themselves to be Afro-Argentine.[19]


The province is governed as representative and republican form of government.[4]:14

Political division

Sunny evening in Salta
View of the Lerma Valley and the city of Salta.

The province is divided in 23 departments (Spanish: departamentos), containing 59 municipalities (Spanish: municipios).[20] The capital of the province is the city of Salta, which is where the provincial government is located at.[20]

Map Departament Area[4]:31-33 Population (2010 Census)[21] Towns and municipalities (in bold: department capital)[4]:31-33
Departamento Anta (Salta - Argentina) Anta 21,945 km2 (8,473 sq mi) 57,411 Apolinario Saravia
El Quebrachal
General Pizarro
Joaquín Víctor González
Las Lajitas
Departamento Cachi (Salta - Argentina) Cachi 2,925 km2 (1,129 sq mi) 7,315 Cachi
Departamento Cafayate (Salta - Argentina) Cafayate 1,570 km2 (610 sq mi) 14,850 Cafayate
Departamento Capital (Salta - Argentina) Capital 1,722 km2 (665 sq mi) 536,113 Salta
Villa San Lorenzo
Departamento Cerrillos (Salta - Argentina) de Cerrillos 640 km2 (250 sq mi) 35,789 Cerrillos
La Merced
Departamento Chicoana (Salta - Argentina) Chicoana 910 km2 (350 sq mi) 20,710 Chicoana
El Carril
Departamento General Güemes (Salta - Argentina) General Güemes 2,365 km2 (913 sq mi) 47,226 Campo Santo
El Bordo
General Güemes
Departamento General José de San Martín (Salta - Argentina) General San Martín 16,257 km2 (6,277 sq mi) 156,910 Aguaray
General Ballivián
General Mosconi
Salvador Mazza
Departamento Guachipas (Salta - Argentina) Guachipas 2,785 km2 (1,075 sq mi) 3,187 Guachipas
Departamento Iruya (Salta - Argentina) Iruya 3,515 km2 (1,357 sq mi) 5,987 Iruya
Isla de Cañas
Departamento La Caldera (Salta - Argentina) La Caldera 867 km2 (335 sq mi) 7,763 La Caldera
Departamento La Candelaria (Salta - Argentina) La Candelaria 1,525 km2 (589 sq mi) 5,704 El Jardín
El Tala
La Candelaria
Departamento La Poma (Salta - Argentina) La Poma 4,447 km2 (1,717 sq mi) 1,738 La Poma
Departamento La Viña (Salta - Argentina) La Viña 2,152 km2 (831 sq mi) 7,435 Coronel Moldes
La Viña
Departamento Los Andes (Salta - Argentina) Los Andes 25,951 km2 (10,020 sq mi) 6,050 San Antonio de los Cobres
Tolar Grande
Departamento Metán (Salta - Argentina) Metán 5,235 km2 (2,021 sq mi) 40,351 El Galpón
San José de Metán
Río Pîedras
Departamento Molinos (Salta - Argentina) Molinos 3,600 km2 (1,400 sq mi) 5,652 Molinos
Departamento Orán (Salta - Argentina) Orán 11,892 km2 (4,592 sq mi) 138,838 Colonia Santa Rosa
Hipólito Yrigoyen
San Ramón de la Nueva Orán
Departamento Rivadavia (Salta - Argentina) Rivadavia 25,951 km2 (10,020 sq mi) 30,357 Rivadavia Banda Norte
Rivadavia Banda Sur
Santa Victoria Este
Departamento Rosario de la Frontera (Salta - Argentina) Rosario de la Frontera 5,402 km2 (2,086 sq mi) 28,993 El Potrero
Rosario de la Frontera
Departamento Rosario de Lerma (Salta - Argentina) Rosario de Lerma 5,110 km2 (1,970 sq mi) 38,702 Campo Quijano
Rosario de Lerma
Departamento San Carlos (Salta - Argentina) San Carlos 5,125 km2 (1,979 sq mi) 7,016 Angastaco
San Carlos
Departamento Santa Victoria (Salta - Argentina) Santa Victoria 3,912 km2 (1,510 sq mi) 10,344 Los Toldos
Santa Victoria Oeste

See also

Cable Car to the Cerro San Bernardo - Salta - Argentina
Tren a las nubes cruzando Viaducto la Polvorilla
Argentine vineyard and mountains.
Tour to the Quebrada de las Conchas
Quebrada de las Flechas - Argentina
Iruya 1
Salinas Grandes 052
Cachi 01
Camino a Cachi


  1. ^ "Censo 2010 Argentina resultados provisionales: mapas". Archived from the original on 2012-09-01. Retrieved 2014-04-22.
  2. ^ "Información para el desarrollo sostenible: Argentina y la Agenda 2030" (PDF) (in Spanish). United Nations Development Programme. p. 155. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 August 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
  3. ^ Parker, William Belmont (1920). Argentines of today. Volume 5 of Hispanic Notes and Monographs. 2 (Digitized May 22, 2008 ed.). New York: The Hispanic Society of America. pp. 637–640.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Anuario Estadístico Año 2015–Avance 2016" (PDF) (in Spanish). Dirección General de Estadísticas de Salta. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2018. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  5. ^ "La Fiesta del Fe - Salta´s Massive Pilgrimmage [sic]". 19 September 2001. Retrieved 2016-01-11.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "Clima de la Provincia de Salta" (in Spanish). Portal Informativo de Salta. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "Información del Clima" (in Spanish). Ministerio de Cultura y Turismo de la Provincia de Salta. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  8. ^ a b Bobba, María (2011). "Causas de Las Sequías de la Región del NOA (Argentina)". Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  9. ^ Ahumada, Ana (2002). "Periglacial phenomena in the high mountains of northwestern Argentina" (PDF). South African Journal of Science. 98: 166–170. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  10. ^ a b c "The Vegetation of Northwestern Argentina". The University of Western Ontario. Archived from the original on 9 March 2016. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  11. ^ "El déficit consolidado de las provincias rondará los $11.500 millones este año" (in Spanish). Instituto Argentino para el Desarrollo de las Economías Regionales. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  12. ^ "Producto Bruto Geográfico–Provincia de Salta" (PDF) (in Spanish). Dirección General de Estadísticas de la Provincia de Salta. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  13. ^ The average exchange for 1 US dollar was 4.54 Argentine pesos in 2012 according to the World Bank
  14. ^ "Train to the clouds - ARGENTINEAN NORTH". Retrieved 2014-04-22.
  15. ^ a b "Evolución de la población en los Censos Nacionales de 1869, 1895, 1914, 1947, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1991, 2001 y 2010. Provincia de Salta, según departamento" (in Spanish). Dirección General de Estadísticas de la Provincia de Salta. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  16. ^ a b "Censo Nacional de Población, Hogares y Viviendas 2010: Resultados definitivos: Serie B No 2: Tomo 1" (PDF) (in Spanish). INDEC. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  17. ^ "Población censada en 2001 y 2010 y variación intercensal absoluta y relativa 2001-2010. Provincia de Salta, según departamento" (in Spanish). Dirección General de Estadísticas de la Provincia de Salta. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  18. ^ a b "Censo Nacional de Población, Hogares y Viviendas 2010: Pueblos Originarios: Región Noroeste Argentino: Serie D No 1" (PDF) (in Spanish). INDEC. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
  19. ^ "Cuadro P42-P. Provincia de Salta. Población afrodescendiente en viviendas particulares por sexo, según grupo de edad. Año 2010" (PDF) (in Spanish). INDEC. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  20. ^ a b "Salta–División Política" (in Spanish). Portal Informativo de Salta. Archived from the original on 5 February 2018. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  21. ^ "Cuadrp P1-P. Provincia de Salta. Población total y variación intercensal absoluta y relativa por departamento. Años 2001-2010" (PDF) (in Spanish). INDEC. Retrieved 5 February 2018.

External links

Coordinates: 24°47′S 65°25′W / 24.783°S 65.417°W

Baritú National Park

The Baritú National Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Baritú) is a national park in Argentina, located in the Santa Victoria Department, in the north of the province of Salta, in the Argentine Northwest. The park borders Bolivia (Tarija province), and its only road access is through that country. It has an area of 720 square kilometres (72,000 ha) and it is the only tropical park in Argentina.

The park was created in 1974. It is bordered by mountains. The protected area belongs to the Southern Andean Yungas ecoregion, which is located in the Sub-Andean mountain range, with heights averaging 1,500–2,500 m (4,900–8,200 ft). The climate is wet and hot, with summer rainfall that goes from 900–1,300 mm (35–51 in).

The fauna of the park includes several endangered species, such as the jaguar and the onza.

The cedro salteño trees ("Salta cedrelas") reach huge sizes in this region. Their wood is considered extremely valuable.

Cachi Department

Cachi is a department in the east of Salta Province, Argentina. Its capital is the town of Cachi.

Central Norte

Club Atlético Central Norte is an Argentine football club from the city of Salta, from the Salta Province. The team currently plays in the Torneo Argentino A, the regionalised third division of the Argentine football league system.

Central Norte was founded in Salta on 9 March 1921, and took its name from the state-owned Ferrocarril Central Norte whose railway line crossed the Salta Province.

Cerrillos Department

Cerrillos is a department of Salta Province, Argentina, located near Salta city. Its capital is the town of Cerrillos.

Dino Saluzzi

Timoteo "Dino" Saluzzi (born May 20, 1935 Campo Santo, Salta Province, Argentina) is an Argentinian bandoneon player. He is the son of Cayetano Saluzzi and the father of guitarist José Maria Saluzzi.

El Rey National Park

The El Rey National Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional El Rey) is a national park of Argentina, located in the Anta Department, province of Salta, in the Argentine Northwest, 80 km from the provincial capital. It has an area of 441.62 km².

The park was created in order to preserve a representative sample of the Southern Andean Yungas ecoregion and transition environments. The climate is warm, and annual rainfall oscillates between 500 and 700 mm. The flora is varied, showing different species in five levels according to height (from 750 to 2,000 m). The fauna includes tapirs, anteaters and peccaries, as well as fish in the rivers, brooks and lakes. The tapir or anta, which eats aquatic plants, is the largest South American mammal, weighing up to 300 kg.

The protected area was inhabited by farmer indigenous groups, the oldest inhabitants of the Yungas, and includes archaeological sites.

Estadio Padre Ernesto Martearena

Estadio Padre Ernesto Martearena is a multi-use stadium in Salta, Argentina. The stadium, built for the 2001 FIFA World Youth Championship, holds 20,408 people and was opened in January 2001. It is now the home ground of football clubs Juventud Antoniana and Central Norte, both playing currently in the country's third level.

While it is mainly used for football, the Argentina national rugby union team has also played at the stadium.

Gimnasia y Tiro

Club de Gimnasia y Tiro is an Argentine football club, based in the city of Salta. The team currently plays in Torneo Argentino A, the regionalised third division of the Argentine football league system.

Gimnasia y Tiro has played four seasons at the highest level of Argentine football. First came in 1979 and 1981 Nacional championships. Gimnasia finished bottom of their group in 1979 and 6th of 7 teams in 1981. The third season was in 1993/1994. The fourth season was in 1997/98 when the squad promoted to the Argentine Primera División but after finishing 20th (last) in the Apertura and 17th in the Clausura tournaments respectively, Gimnasia was relegated at the end of the season.

Governor of Salta Province

The Governor of Salta is a citizen of the Salta Province, in Argentina, holding the office of governor for the corresponding period. The governor is elected alongside a vice-governor. Currently the governor of Salta is Juan Manuel Urtubey.

Juventud Antoniana

Centro Juventud Antoniana is an Argentine football club from the city of Salta. The team currently plays in Torneo Argentino A, the regionalised third division of the Argentine football league system.

Juventud Antoniana played in Primera División 6 times: 1971, 1973, 1975, 1978, 1983 and 1985. Its best performance came in 1983, when the squad progressed to the 2nd round.

Los Cardones National Park

The Los Cardones National Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Los Cardones) is a national park of Argentina, located in the center-west of the province of Salta, within the San Carlos and Cachi Departments, in the Argentine Northwest.

Martín Miguel de Güemes

Martín Miguel de Güemes (8 February 1785 – 17 June 1821) was a military leader and popular caudillo who defended northwestern Argentina from the Spanish during the Argentine War of Independence.

Martín Miguel de Güemes International Airport

Martín Miguel de Güemes International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de Salta "Martín Miguel de Güemes", also known as El Aybal Airport) (IATA: SLA, ICAO: SASA) is located 7 km (4.3 mi) southwest of the center of Salta, capital city of Salta Province, in Argentina. The airport covers an area of 208 hectares (513 acres) and is operated by Aeropuertos Argentina 2000

It is the main hub of the Argentine Andes, served by Aerolíneas Argentinas, LATAM Argentina and Andes Líneas Aéreas. In 2012 it handled 690,712 passengers, making it the most used airport in Northern Argentina. The new terminal was built in 2000 by Aeropuertos Argentina 2000.

In late 2013, Boliviana de Aviacion planned to return to Salta Airport, restarting its route to Santa Cruz de la Sierra-Viru Viru. This is an important connection to international destinations, such as São Paulo-Guarulhos, Madrid-Barajas and Lima.

National University of Salta

The National University of Salta (Spanish: Universidad Nacional de Salta, or UNSa) is an Argentine public national university in Salta. It was founded on 11 May 1972 as a part of the Plan Taquini, a reorganization plan for education. It has around 20,000 students.

Puna de Atacama

The Puna de Atacama or Atacama Plateau is an arid high plateau, in the Andes of northern Chile (15%) and Argentina (85%). Geomorphologist Walther Penck based his Grossfalt landform association on Puna de Atacama.


Salta (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈsalta]) is a city located in the Lerma Valley, at 1,152 metres (3780 feet) above sea level in the northwest part of Argentina. It is also the name for the capital city of Salta Province. Along with its metropolitan area, it has a population of 619,000 inhabitants, which makes it the second most populated city in the northwest of the country.

Salta Basin

Salta Basin or Salta Rift Basin is a sedimentary basin located in the Argentine Northwest. The basin started to accumulate sediments in the Early Cretaceous (Neocomian) and at present it has sedimentary deposits reaching thicknesses of 5,000 metres (16,000 ft). The basin contains seven sub-basins: Tres Cruces, Lomas de Olmedo, Metán, Alemanía, Salfity, El Rey, Sey and Brealito. The basin environment has variously been described as a "foreland rift" and an "intra-continental rift". The basin developed under conditions of extensional tectonics and rift-associated volcanism.

San Antonio de los Cobres

San Antonio de los Cobres is a small town of population 5,482 (per the 2001 INDEC census) in northwestern Argentina. It is the capital of the Los Andes Department of the Salta Province.

Tren a las Nubes

The Tren a las Nubes (English: Train to the Clouds) is a tourist train service in Salta Province, Argentina. The service runs along the eastern part of the Salta–Antofagasta railway line of the Belgrano Railway (also known as the "C-14" line) that connects the Argentine Northwest with the Chilean border in the Andes mountain range, over 4,220 metres (13,850 ft) above mean sea level, the fifth highest railway in the world. Originally built for economic and social reasons, it is now primarily of interest to tourists as a heritage railway, though cheaper tickets are also available for locals to use the train as transport.

Historical population
1869 88,933—    
1895 118,015+32.7%
1914 142,156+20.5%
1947 230,445+62.1%
1960 412,854+79.2%
1970 509,803+23.5%
1980 662,870+30.0%
1991 866,153+30.7%
2001 1,079,051+24.6%
2010 1,214,441+12.5%
Source: [15]
Departments of Salta Province
Autonomous city

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