Salix atrocinerea

Salix atrocinerea, commonly called grey willow or large gray willow,[1] is a species of willow. It is a bush or small tree up to 12 m (39 ft) tall. As a pioneer species of willow, it quickly colonizes poor soils.

Salix atrocinerea
Salix cinerea flowers-2
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Salicaceae
Genus: Salix
Species:
S. atrocinerea
Binomial name
Salix atrocinerea

Distribution

The grey willow distribution is mostly Atlantic from Western Europe and North Africa to some Mediterranean islands, and in North Africa. Naturally growing in Britain, France, Belgium, Spain, Portugal, Morocco, Tunisia, it is very common in the Iberian Peninsula, and is also found in Corsica.

Ecology

The species hybridizes readily with other species of willow and many hybrids have been identified. It flowers from January until March or April, depending on location, with the spread of seeds ripening from April to March.

The grey willow lives in freshly disturbed land, with preference for acidic soil, but this is a very hardy species and is even found on beaches near the sea and on islands. It grows in sandy or gravel shores of rivers, streams and ponds, meadows, valleys and hedgerows with some soil moisture, and is found from sea level to 2,000 m altitude, to the subalpine level. A forest of S. atrocinerea occupies the eastern end of Cortegada Island in permanently or temporarily waterlogged soils, and a mixed forest with Alnus glutinosa occupies the end west side.

References

  1. ^ "Salix atrocinerea". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
Apatura iris

Apatura iris, the purple emperor, is a Eurasian butterfly of the family Nymphalidae.

Cortegada Island

Cortegada is an almost tidal island (it is possible to go walking when the lowest tides happen, but a small amount of water flow does not disappear) in a coastal inlet near Pontevedra in Galicia, Spain. It is part of the Atlantic Islands of Galicia National Park.

Grey willow

Grey willow or gray willow may refer to:

Salix atrocinerea, a species of willow native to Europe commonly called grey willow

Salix cinerea, a species of willow native to Europe and western Asia, also occasionally called grey sallow

Salix glauca, a species of willow native to northern North America, Europe and Asia

List of Salix species

This is an incomplete list of Salix species, the willows.

The genus contains about 350 species.

Maiden Erlegh Local Nature Reserve

Maiden Erlegh Local Nature Reserve is a local nature reserve in Earley of the English county of Berkshire. The nature reserve is under the management of Earley Town Council. It consists of areas of ancient and secondary woodland, grassland, a large lake, a brook, an old woodland pond and surrounding wetland habitat. The reserve supports a large amount of wildlife including over a 100 species of butterflies and moths, more than 50 species of birds, 50 species of fungi and over 20 species of trees.

Salix pedicellata

Salix pedicellata is a species of willow. It is a shrub or small tree to about 6–8 m tall, native around the Mediterranean Sea from Portugal to Lebanon and Syria in the north and from Morocco to Tunisia in the south. Salix canariensis may be treated as a subspecies of S. pedicellata.

Sintra

Sintra (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈsĩtɾɐ]) is a city and municipality in the Greater Lisbon region of Portugal, located on the Portuguese Riviera. The population of the municipality in 2011 was 377,835, in an area of 319.23 square kilometres (123.26 sq mi). Sintra is a major tourist destination in Portugal, famed for its picturesqueness and for its numerous historic palaces and castles. Sintra is also a major luxury dining and tourism destination within the Portuguese Riviera, as well as one of the wealthiest municipalities in the country, and is known for the numerous notable events hosted in Sintra, such as Bilderberg Meetings and the Open de Portugal.

The historic center of the Vila de Sintra is famous for its 19th-century Romanticist architecture, historic estates & villas, gardens, and numerous royal palaces & castles, which resulted in the classification of the town and its historic passage as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Sintra is similarly known for its numerous gardens and nature parks, including the Sintra-Cascais Nature Park and the Sintra Mountains. Sintra's most iconic landmarks include the mediaeval Castle of the Moors, the romanticist Pena National Palace and the Portuguese Renaissance Sintra National Palace.

Sintra is consistently ranked as one of the wealthiest and most expensive municipalities in both Portugal and the Iberian Peninsula as a whole. Sintra is one of Portugal's most expensive and sought after real estate markets, famed for its numerous historic villas, luxury estates, and Michelin star restaurants, and is home to one of the largest foreign expat communities along the Portuguese Riviera. Sintra is similarly known for its high standards of living, consistently ranking as one of the best places to live in Portugal.

Stigmella salicis

Stigmella salicis is a moth of the Nepticulidae family which is found in Europe. It was first described by the English entomologist, Henry Stainton in 1854. The type locality is from England.

Willow

Willows, also called sallows and osiers, form the genus Salix, around 400 species of deciduous trees and shrubs, found primarily on moist soils in cold and temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Most species are known as willow, but some narrow-leaved shrub species are called osier, and some broader-leaved species are referred to as sallow (from Old English sealh, related to the Latin word salix, willow). Some willows (particularly arctic and alpine species) are low-growing or creeping shrubs; for example, the dwarf willow (Salix herbacea) rarely exceeds 6 cm (2.4 in) in height, though it spreads widely across the ground.

Wykery Copse

Wykery Copse is a wooded area near Bracknell, Berkshire, England, and is a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI).

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