Salisbury, New Hampshire

Salisbury is a town in Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 1,382 at the 2010 census.[1]

Salisbury, New Hampshire
Old town hall and church (now historic society)
Old town hall and church (now historic society)
Official seal of Salisbury, New Hampshire

Seal
Location in Merrimack County and the state of New Hampshire
Location in Merrimack County and the state of New Hampshire
Coordinates: 43°22′43″N 71°43′03″W / 43.37861°N 71.71750°WCoordinates: 43°22′43″N 71°43′03″W / 43.37861°N 71.71750°W
CountryUnited States
StateNew Hampshire
CountyMerrimack
Incorporated1768
VillagesSalisbury
Salisbury Heights
West Salisbury
Government
 • Board of selectmenKen Ross‑Raymond, Chair
Pete Ballou
Joseph Schmidl
 • Town AdministratorMargaret Warren
Area
 • Total40.2 sq mi (104.1 km2)
 • Land40.0 sq mi (103.5 km2)
 • Water0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)  0.65%
Elevation
819 ft (250 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total1,382
 • Density34/sq mi (13/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
03268
Area code(s)603
FIPS code33-66980
GNIS feature ID0873714
Websitewww.salisburynh.org

History

While still part of Massachusetts, the town was granted as Baker's Town after Captain Thomas Baker in 1736. After the border between Massachusetts and New Hampshire was fixed, the town was on the New Hampshire side of the border. It was re-granted by the Masonian proprietors in 1749 with the name Stevenstown, and settled as early as 1750. Additionally known as Gerrishtown and New Salisbury, the name Salisbury was taken when the town incorporated in 1768.[2]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 40.2 square miles (104.1 km2), of which 40.0 sq mi (103.6 km2) is land and 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2) is water, comprising 0.65% of the town. The highest point in Salisbury is along its western boundary, where the eastern slopes of Mount Kearsarge climb to 1,910 feet (580 m) above sea level.

The Blackwater River, part of the Merrimack River watershed, runs through Salisbury. A popular fishing and recreation spot is The Bay, a natural lake-like section of the river.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
17901,372
18001,76728.8%
18101,9138.3%
18202,0165.4%
18301,379−31.6%
18401,332−3.4%
18501,228−7.8%
18601,191−3.0%
1870897−24.7%
1880795−11.4%
1890655−17.6%
1900604−7.8%
1910478−20.9%
1920390−18.4%
1930350−10.3%
19403685.1%
195042314.9%
1960415−1.9%
197058941.9%
198078132.6%
19901,06135.9%
20001,1377.2%
20101,38221.5%
Est. 20171,418[3]2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,137 people, 435 households, and 324 families residing in the town. The population density was 28.5 people per square mile (11.0/km²). There were 514 housing units at an average density of 12.9 per square mile (5.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.80% White, 0.70% African American, 0.26% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.70% of the population.

There were 435 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.0% were married couples living together, 4.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.3% were non-families. 17.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the town, the population was spread out with 24.5% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 31.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $55,000, and the median income for a family was $62,321. Males had a median income of $36,991 versus $28,462 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,112. About 0.6% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty threshold, including 0.7% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  2. ^ Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 641–642.
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017 (PEPANNRES): Minor Civil Divisions – New Hampshire". Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External links

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Daniel Webster

Daniel Webster (January 18, 1782 – October 24, 1852) was an American statesman who represented New Hampshire and Massachusetts in the United States Congress and served as the United States Secretary of State under Presidents William Henry Harrison, John Tyler, and Millard Fillmore. He was also a prominent attorney, especially during the period of the Marshall Court. Throughout his career, he was a member of the Federalist Party, the National Republican Party, and the Whig Party.

Born in New Hampshire in 1782, Webster established a successful legal practice in Portsmouth, New Hampshire after undergoing a legal apprenticeship. He emerged as a prominent opponent of the War of 1812 and won election to the United States House of Representatives, where he served as a leader of the Federalist Party. Webster left office after two terms and relocated to Boston, Massachusetts. He became a leading attorney before the Supreme Court of the United States, winning cases such as Dartmouth College v. Woodward, McCulloch v. Maryland, and Gibbons v. Ogden. Webster returned to the House in 1823 and became a key supporter of President John Quincy Adams. He won election to the United States Senate in 1827 and worked with Henry Clay to build the National Republican Party in support of Adams.

After Andrew Jackson defeated Adams in the 1828 presidential election, Webster became a leading opponent of Jackson's domestic policies. He strongly objected to the theory of nullification espoused by John C. Calhoun, and his Second Reply to Hayne speech is widely regarded as one of the greatest speeches ever delivered in Congress. Webster supported Jackson's defiant response to the Nullification Crisis, but broke with the president due to disagreements over the Second Bank of the United States. Webster joined with other Jackson opponents in forming the Whig Party, and unsuccessfully ran in the 1836 presidential election. He supported Harrison in the 1840 presidential election and was appointed secretary of state after Harrison took office. Unlike the other members of Harrison's Cabinet, he continued to serve under President Tyler after Tyler broke with congressional Whigs. As secretary of state, Webster negotiated the Webster–Ashburton Treaty, which settled border disputes with Britain.

Webster returned to the Senate in 1845 and resumed his status as a leading congressional Whig. During the Mexican–American War, he emerged as a leader of the "Cotton Whigs," a faction of Northern Whigs that emphasized good relations with the South over anti-slavery policies. In 1850, President Fillmore appointed Webster as secretary of state, and Webster contributed to the passage of the Compromise of 1850, which settled several territorial issues and enacted a new fugitive slave law. The Compromise proved unpopular in much of the North and undermined Webster's standing in his home state. Webster sought the Whig nomination in the 1852 presidential election, but a split between supporters of Fillmore and Webster led to the nomination of General Winfield Scott. Webster is widely regarded as an important and talented attorney, orator, and politician, but historians and observers have offered mixed opinions on his moral qualities and ability as a national leader.

Elam Greeley

Elam Andrew Jackson Greeley (August 13, 1818 - September 13, 1882) was an American businessman and legislator.

Born in Salisbury, New Hampshire, he moved to St. Croix Falls, Wisconsin Territory in 1840. Greeley was in the lumber business. He was the first postmaster of Stillwater, Minnesota and one of the city's founders. He served in the Minnesota Territorial Council 1852 and 1853 and in the Minnesota Territorial House of Representatives in 1857.

Ezekiel A. Straw

Ezekiel Albert Straw (December 30, 1819 – October 23, 1882), was an engineer, businessman, and politician from Manchester, New Hampshire. He was born in Salisbury, but moved with his family to Lowell, Massachusetts, where his father, James B. Straw, was employed at the Appleton Manufacturing Company. Ezekiel A. Straw, eldest of 7 children, attended schools in Lowell before enrolling at Phillips Andover Academy in Andover, where he showed an aptitude for mathematics.

Upon leaving Phillips Andover, Straw was hired in the spring of 1838 as an assistant civil engineer at the Nashua & Lowell Railway, then under construction. On July 4, 1838, he arrived in Manchester, New Hampshire, sent to substitute for a civil engineer at the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company who had become ill. The position soon became permanent. One of his first duties was laying out lots and streets for the new industrial city as envisioned by Amoskeag's cultured treasurer (president), William Amory. He also assisted with the construction of the dam and canal. In 1842, he founded the community's first Unitarian Society. Straw was sent by the mills to England and Scotland in November 1844 to gather information and machinery for manufacturing and printing muslin delaines, which the Manchester Print Works introduced to the United States. In July 1851, he was appointed agent (manager) of Amoskeag.

Straw was a Republican state representative from 1859 to 1864 and a state senator from 1864 to 1866. In his second year in the state senate, he served as its president. In 1869, he was appointed to the staff of Governor Onslow Stearns. From 1872 to 1874, he served two terms as Republican governor of New Hampshire. Straw was treasurer and principal owner of the Namaske Mill from its organization at Manchester in 1856 until it was purchased by Amoskeag in 1875, and director of the Langdon Mills after Amoskeag acquired it in 1874. He was a principal figure in creation of the Manchester waterworks, gas light company and public library. In addition, he served as president of the Blodget Edge Tool Manufacturing Company, New England Cotton Manufacturers' Association (now the National Textile Association) and New Hampshire Fire Insurance Company.

On April 6, 1842, he married Charlotte Smith Webster, who bore him 4 children before dying on March 15, 1852. Their son, Herman F. Straw, would become agent of the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company from 1885 until 1919. Ezekiel A. Straw was awarded an honorary Master of Arts degree from Dartmouth College in 1860. He died in 1882 at Manchester and is buried in Valley Cemetery.

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Richard Fletcher (American politician)

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He moved to Boston in 1819 and was elected as a Whig to the Twenty-fifth Congress (March 4, 1837 – March 4, 1839). Fletcher was not a candidate for renomination to the Twenty-sixth Congress. He served as a judge of the Massachusetts Supreme Court 1848–1853, and died in Boston on June 21, 1869. His interment was in Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge.

Fletcher was elected as the first president of the American Statistical Association, although by the ASA's own admission, he was "little more than a figurehead".

Salisbury Academy Building

The Salisbury Academy Building is a historic school building at 9 Old Coach Road in Salisbury, New Hampshire. Built in 1796, the building has housed a district school, private secondary school, the local Grange chapter, and town offices and civic functions. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975. It presently houses town offices.

Samuel Colcord Bartlett

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Thomas W. Thompson

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William M. Pingry

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Places adjacent to Salisbury, New Hampshire
Municipalities and communities of Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States
Cities
Towns
CDPs
Other unincorporated
communities
Footnotes

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