Salina, Sicily

Salina (Italian pronunciation: [saˈliːna]) is one of the Aeolian Islands north of Sicily, southern Italy. It is the second largest island in the archipelago.

Salina is divided between three comuni: Santa Marina on the eastern coast, Malfa to the north, and Leni to the south-west. From Leni down towards the sea is the village of Rinella. Above the village of Leni is Valdichiesa in the center of the island. The other smaller villages are Capo Faro, Pollara and Lingua.

There are currently approximately 4,000 residents living on the island.

Salina
A view of Salina from the island of Lipari: the near peak is Fossa delle Felci
A view of Salina from the island of Lipari:
the near peak is Fossa delle Felci
Salina is located in Italy
Salina
Salina
Location in Italy
Coordinates: 38°33′55″N 14°50′00″E / 38.56528°N 14.83333°ECoordinates: 38°33′55″N 14°50′00″E / 38.56528°N 14.83333°E
Country Italy
ProvinceMessina
ComuneLipari
Area
 • Total27 km2 (10 sq mi)
Elevation
968 m (3,176 ft)
Population
 • Total4,000
 • Density150/km2 (380/sq mi)
Aeolian Islands map
The Aeolian Islands.
Santa Marina Salina, puerto, Islas Eolias, Italia, 2016
Port of Santa Maria di Salina

Geography

Salina has a total surface area of 27 km2 (10 sq mi). It is included on the World Heritage List especially because of its worth for vulcanology. It is composed of six volcanoes: the oldest ones are at Pizzo di Corvo, Monte Rivi and close to Capo Faro, although these are barely recognisable from a morphological point of view, while the volcano-layer of Monte Fossa delle Felci at 968 m (3,176 ft) is the highest peak in the archipelago and Monte dei Porri 886 m (2,907 ft) are both almost perfectly preserved. A lower crater lies just above sea level near the small village of Pollara, on the north west corner of the island, half of which has fallen into the sea.

The most recent eruption on Salina occurred on the western part of the island about 13,000 years ago and formed the semi-circular crater of Pollara; its activity was mainly explosive and produced large pumice deposits.

All that remains of the endogenic activities are some post-volcanic phenomena called “gurgling” and a thermal spring at Pertuso. The gurgling phenomena are at Rinella and are basically caused by the emission of underwater gas (hydrogen sulphate) and vapours. When this phenomenon is at its most active it can lift the sea-bed.

Vegetation

From a distance Salina looks entirely green with two rounded high mountains and a smooth coastline. More than 400 different types of plants grow on the island and grapes, olives and capers are cultivated.

Salina was the first among the Aeolian islands to protect its environment with a natural preserve, known as the Riserva Naturale del Fossa delle Felci e dei Porri.

The mountainsides of the island are covered with ferns, poplars, chestnut trees and typical Mediterranean vegetation including with caper bushes, prickly pear cactus. and a variety of orchards, olive groves and vineyards. The island is particularly notable for Malvasia, a famous white wine that is only produced on Salina. It is golden in colour and has an intense, delicately sweet bouquet. There has also been a local revival of the production of superior-quality low-acid olive oil.

It is claimed that Salina produces the best capers in the world and during the first weekend of June there is an annual caper festival.[1]

History

A Greek settlement, from the fourth century BC through to the times of Imperial Rome, once lay on the modern-day site of the small town of Santa Marina. A number of tombs from this era have been discovered further inland. Several traces of Greek and Roman culture have been found on the island.

In the Hellenic Age the island was named "Didyme" (Δίδυμη), a Greek name which refers to the two mountains as "twins". The island was inhabited as far back as the Bronze Age and has been developed and then abandoned many times over the subsequent millennia.

Areas on the island, including the two mountain peaks, were designated as a natural reserve in 1981.

Main sights

  • The salt lake in Lingua was once a site for production of sea salt, hence the name Salina ("salt mill" in Italian).
  • On the slopes of the Fossa, several Roman tombs have been excavated.
  • Sanctuary of the Madonna del Terzito, located between Malfa and Leni in the saddle known as Valdichiesa between the twin volcanoes, and built in 1630. The religious centre of Salina, it attracts pilgrims on the main feast day of July 23 every year.

In the 18th century the ruins of a typical Imperial Roman villa were noted here but have since sunk into the ground.

Transportation

Salina has two ports, Santa Marina and Rinella, served by ferries and hydrofoils. Hydrofoil service is active from Naples, Palermo, Reggio Calabria, Messina and Milazzo.

There is a regular bus service connecting all the villages on the island. A main road connects Lingua, Santa Marina, Malfa and Pollara; a side road runs between the two volcanoes to Leni and Rinella.

Culture

The Island reached worldwide notoriety for having been partially the set of the movie Il Postino: The Postman, directed by Michael Radford and Massimo Troisi, casting the Messinese actress Maria Grazia Cucinotta.

See also

References

  1. ^ Johnny Morris (9 March 2009). "Salina, Italy: The great slow food caper". The Daily Telegraph. Food and wine holidays. Retrieved 3 December 2015.

Other sources

  • Ezio Giunta (ed.) (2005). "Salina". Estateolie 2005 - The Essential Guide (English version of Tourist Guidebook): 66–79.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)

External links

Franco Manca

Franco Manca is a sourdough Neapolitan pizza business operating over 40 pizzeria in the UK and Italy. It was founded in 2008 by Giuseppe Mascoli and Bridget Hugo. The first store was opened on Market Row in Brixton Market. Initially sites were in the London area, however the company has now expanded into Italy with a busy Summer pizzeria on the island of Salina, Sicily. The company has also opened restaurants in towns and cities around the UK, including Brighton, Bristol, Bath, Oxford and Cambridge. Since the first site opened they’ve served and promoted slow rising sourdough pizza and properly sourced, small supplier, seasonal ingredients. Franco Manca was named the UK's best Italian Restaurant on Yelp. Franco Manca's menu consists of mostly pizza with various meat and vegetarian options. It uses a traditional Neapolitan soft base.

Index of Italy-related articles

The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to Italy.

Santa Marina Salina

Santa Marina Salina is a comune (municipality) and one of the main towns on Salina, one of the Aeolian Islands. It is situated in the Metropolitan City of Messina in the Italian region Sicily, located about 140 kilometres (87 mi) northeast of Palermo and about 70 kilometres (43 mi) northwest of Messina.

Santa Marina Salina borders the following municipalities: Leni, Malfa.

Main islands
Islets and skerries

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