Sakchi was the village in north east India which was selected by Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata to be the location of a planned steel city, which in 1919 became Jamshedpur. Sakchi is now part of the city between the Tata Steel site and the river Subarnarekha. Then it was known as Kalimati. Due to the presence of iron ore, river water and sand, Jamshedji Tata decided to establish TISCO (Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited) there. The company is now known as Tata Steel Ltd.
Even today running through Sakchi is the Kalimati Road. During British India, a railway line connecting Jamshedpur to Howrah(Calcutta) was started. Subarnarekha river is locally known as Kharkai and the city of Jamshedpur is in the Indian mineral-rich state of Jharkhand which was earlier in Bihar as South Bihar.
As Tata Steel was established the first planned urban settlement started in Sakchi Area and it included businessmen (Gujaratis, Parsis, Punjabis), servicemen (People from Bihar, Bengalis, Oriyas, Telugus, Tamils, Malayalis). Many people who then migrated from West Bengal, East Bengal (now Bangladesh), Gujarat, Assam are now permanent residents of Jamshedpur city and their ancestral homes were either lost or sold after separation of East Pakistan (Bangladesh). Old houses of Bengalis, Parsis, Anglo-Indians and Gujaratis can still be seen in Aambagan, Hill Cart Road, Kalimati Road, Pennar road, Sakchi Bazar areas of Sakchi. A few such homes are also present in Bistupur.
According to some people who have seen Tatanagar 80-90 years back as a child, today where we have Aambagan maidan near the Present Masjid, there used to be a single line railway track which used to carry sand for the factory. It does not exist anymore. Mode of transport in the Jamshedpur city were Buggy and Taxis. There were single lane roads with old British style street lamps. Mostly the roads between Sakchi and Bistupur were surrounded by jungles.
The city is unique because it is a very small town even today with extreme ends being covered within maximum 45 minutes (including traffic) and is not a metro city but still it has demography of a metro town as in people from all ethnicities live here as permanent residents. Sakchi is located in the centre of the city ,on its west side lies Bistupur which is also one of famous place of the city, Kadma, Sonari.On the east side lies Baradwari,Kasidih,Bhalubasa,Sitaramdera,Agrico,Sidhgora. On its north lies Mango which is also one of the busiest place of the city and down south lies Burmamines, Tatanagar station, Jugsalai and Parsudih.
Sakchi area of Jamshedpur town today has numerous cinema halls, sakchi bazaar which holds Mangla Market (Tuesday market) every Tuesday on foot path. Sakchi Market (or Sakchi Bazaar) is the oldest market in the city.
|Neighbourhood of Jamshedpur|
|Time zone||GMT + 0530|