Sajid Javid (born 5 December 1969) is a British politician of the Conservative Party and former managing director at Deutsche Bank. He was appointed Home Secretary in April 2018, the first Asian and the first from a Muslim background to hold one of the Great Offices of State. He has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Bromsgrove in Worcestershire since 2010.
Born in Rochdale, Lancashire, Javid studied Economics and Politics at the University of Exeter where he joined the Conservative Party. Working in banking, he rose quickly to become a managing director at Deutsche Bank. He was elected as the MP for Bromsgrove in 2010 and was promoted to Economic Secretary to the Treasury and later Financial Secretary to the Treasury.
He served in the Cabinet as Culture Secretary from 2014-15, Business Secretary and President of the Board of Trade from 2015-16 and Communities Secretary from 2016-18. He was appointed to his current role as Home Secretary in April 2018 following the resignation of Amber Rudd for misleading the Home Affairs Select Committee over targets for removal of illegal immigrants during the Windrush scandal. As Home Secretary, Javid took a more liberal approach to immigration than previously, lifting the immigration cap for NHS doctors and nurses and softening the “hostile environment” policy.
|The Right Honourable|
Assumed office |
30 April 2018
|Prime Minister||Theresa May|
|Preceded by||Amber Rudd|
|Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government|
Communities and Local Government (2016–2018)
14 July 2016 – 30 April 2018
|Prime Minister||Theresa May|
|Preceded by||Greg Clark|
|Succeeded by||James Brokenshire|
|Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills|
President of the Board of Trade
11 May 2015 – 14 July 2016
|Prime Minister||David Cameron|
|Preceded by||Vince Cable|
|Succeeded by||Greg Clark (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)|
|Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport|
9 April 2014 – 11 May 2015
|Prime Minister||David Cameron|
|Preceded by||Maria Miller|
|Succeeded by||John Whittingdale|
|Minister for Equalities|
9 April 2014 – 15 July 2014
Serving with Nicky Morgan (Minister for Women)
|Prime Minister||David Cameron|
|Preceded by||Maria Miller (Minister for Women and Equalities)|
|Succeeded by||Nicky Morgan (Minister for Women and Equalities)|
|Financial Secretary to the Treasury & City Minister|
7 October 2013 – 9 April 2014
|Prime Minister||David Cameron|
|Preceded by||Greg Clark|
Nicky Morgan (as Financial Secretary to the Treasury) |
Andrea Leadsom (as City Minister)
|Economic Secretary to the Treasury|
4 September 2012 – 7 October 2013
|Prime Minister||David Cameron|
|Preceded by||Chloe Smith|
|Succeeded by||Nicky Morgan|
|Member of Parliament|
Assumed office |
6 May 2010
|Preceded by||Julie Kirkbride|
5 December 1969|
Rochdale, Lancashire, England
|Spouse(s)||Laura King (m. 1997)|
Filton Technical College
|Alma mater||University of Exeter|
Javid was born in Rochdale, Lancashire, one of five sons of parents of Pakistani descent. His father worked as a bus driver. His family moved from Lancashire to Stapleton Road, Bristol, as his parents took over a shop there, and the family lived in a two-bedroom flat above it.
As a teenager, Javid developed an interest in financial markets, following the Thatcher government's privatisations. At the age of fourteen, he borrowed £500 from a bank to invest in shares and became a regular reader of the Financial Times.
From 1981 to 1986, Javid attended Downend School, a state comprehensive near Bristol. Speaking in 2014, Javid confessed that while at school: 'I was naughty, more interested in watching Grange Hill than homework'. Javid subsequently attended Filton Technical College from 1986 to 1988, and finally the University of Exeter from 1988 to 1991. At university, he studied Economics and Politics and joined the Conservative Party.
Aged 20, Javid attended the annual Conservative Party Conference for the first time and campaigned against the Thatcher government's decision that year to join the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM), calling it a "fatal mistake".
Javid joined Chase Manhattan Bank in New York City immediately after graduation, working mostly in South America. Aged 25, he became vice-chairman. He returned to London in 1997, and later joined Deutsche Bank as a director in 2000. In 2004, he became a managing director at Deutsche Bank and, the following year, global head of Emerging Markets Structuring.
In 2007, he relocated to Singapore as head of Deutsche Bank's credit trading, equity convertibles, commodities and private equity businesses in Asia, and was appointed a board member of Deutsche Bank International Limited. He left Deutsche Bank in 2009 to pursue a career in politics. His earnings at Deutsche Bank would have been roughly £3,000,000 a year at the time he left  and the Evening Standard once estimated his career change would have required him to take a 98% pay cut.
Javid is a trustee of the London Early Years Foundation, was a governor of Normand Croft Community School, and has led an expedition to the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa, to show his support of Help the Aged.
On 28 May 2009, the sitting MP for Bromsgrove, Julie Kirkbride, announced that she would be standing down at the next general election in light of the expenses scandal; Kirkbride had represented the constituency since 1997. Her resignation was confirmed in December 2009, after she attempted to withdraw it.
After a selection contest held by the Bromsgrove Conservative Association on 6 February 2010, in which he received over 70% of the votes cast by its members, Javid was announced as the official Conservative & Unionist Party Parliamentary Candidate for the 2010 general election. On 6 May 2010, Javid received 22,558 votes, winning the seat by a majority of 11,308 votes. In terms of the number of votes cast in the constituency, this was an increase on the majority of 10,080 at the previous general election, though was a reduction when compared both to the actual number of votes his predecessor had received (24,387) and to the Conservatives' percentage share of the vote (43.7% versus 51.0% in 2005).
According to former Foreign Secretary Jack Straw, those MPs first elected in 2010 "are the best new MPs for over thirty years", and he identified Javid as one of six Conservative MPs that he believed had "already made an impact in the first term". Javid was also one of six new MPs profiled by the Financial Times, and was named as the Newcomer of 2010 by the ConservativeHome website.
In an analysis of the 2010 intake of MPs by Westminster consultancy firm Guide Public Affairs, Guide to the Next Prime Minister, published in August 2011, Javid ranked third, and was the top-scoring Conservative. In October 2012, Iain Dale in The Daily Telegraph included Javid in his list of "Top 100 most influential figures from the Right". Dale wrote: "His fast rise up the greasy pole into George Osborne's inner circle is not only proof of this man's ambition but also his talent." Nicholas Watt in The Guardian has also suggested that Javid could rise to the top.
In The Times' 2014 right-wing power list, Javid moved up 18 places to #8, with the article stating that he had emerged "as the senior member of the 2010 intake" and that if "the Tories want to jump a generation, then a Javid leadership candidacy would provide the opportunity." The 2014 GG2 Power List ranked Javid as the most influential British Asian  and, at the accompanying GG2 Leadership Awards event on 5 November 2014, David Cameron described Javid as "the brilliant Asian man who I asked to join the Cabinet" and stated that "I want to hear that title 'Prime Minister' followed by a British Asian name." In July 2014, Forbes magazine compared Javid to Barack Obama and suggested that Javid could become the next Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
Javid was briefly a member of the Work and Pensions Select Committee from June to November 2010, before relinquishing this position when he was appointed Parliamentary Private Secretary to John Hayes, then Minister of State for Further Education at the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills. Javid was one of the first new MPs to become a Parliamentary Private Secretary. On 14 October 2011, as part of a small reshuffle prompted by the resignation of Liam Fox as Defence Secretary, Javid was promoted to become Parliamentary Private Secretary to Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne. He remained in this position until 4 September 2012, when he joined Osborne's ministerial team as Economic Secretary to the Treasury. He was later promoted to Financial Secretary to the Treasury on 7 October 2013.
On 1 March 2014, Javid was criticised for comments accusing then-Labour Party leader Ed Miliband of having some responsibility for the crisis in Crimea, alleging that there was “a direct link” between Miliband’s refusal to support military intervention in Syria and the subsequent Russian activity in Ukraine.
At a Conservative Friends of Israel lunch in 2012, Javid said that "if he had to leave Britain to live in the Middle East, then he would choose Israel as home. Only there, he said, would his children feel the 'warm embrace of freedom and liberty'".
Javid is regarded as one of Israel’s staunchest supporters in the Cabinet. As Communities Secretary, he announced a crackdown on local councils which supported the BDS Movement.  At the Business Department, Javid campaigned for greater trade between Israel and the UK, and as Culture Secretary, he attacked a London theatre’s decision in 2014 to boycott the UK Jewish Film Festival because it had been sponsored by the Israeli Embassy.
On 9 April 2014, Prime Minister David Cameron appointed Javid to the Cabinet as Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport and Minister for Equalities following the resignation of Maria Miller over her expenses. This made him the first MP to have been elected at the 2010 general election to join the Cabinet, and the first British Pakistani MP to lead a Government Department. Shortly after his appointment, he was made a Privy Councillor.
Javid defended media freedom and the right of the press to investigate wrongdoing by politicians and officials in his first appearance as Culture Secretary on BBC's Question Time programme. "The media are a cornerstone of our democracy, their freedom is very important and if they want to investigate wrongdoing by politicians or any other public official they should do that and nothing should stop them from doing that." It was reported in May 2015 that in March, Javid had opposed plans by then-Home Secretary Theresa May to give Ofcom "counter-extremism powers" to vet British television programmes before they were broadcast. In a letter to David Cameron, he commented that countries which had similar arrangements "are not known for their compliance with rights related to freedom of expression and the Government may not wish to be associated with such regimes".
His speech as Culture Secretary to the Union of Jewish Students' Annual Conference 2014 about the importance of diversity and free expression in the world of culture has been hailed by Isabel Hardman of The Spectator as "one of the finest speeches from a government minister I have ever read."
Following the 2015 general election, Javid was appointed as Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills in the new Conservative majority government under the leadership of Prime Minister David Cameron. He was at this time, described as "the most robust right-winger in the cabinet", a "true Thatcherite".
After being appointed as Business Secretary, Javid said that there would be "significant changes" to strike laws under the new Conservative government, announcing that strikes affecting essential public services will need the backing of 40% of eligible union members under new government plans.
Javid is a supporter of remaining in the European Union. He described himself as a Eurosceptic with "no time for ever-closer union", but he wrote in The Daily Telegraph, "Just like Bank of England Governor Mark Carney and IMF head Christine Lagarde, I still believe that Britain is better off in. And that’s all because of the Single Market. It’s a great invention, one that even Lady Thatcher campaigned enthusiastically to create."
In February 2017, it was revealed in court that Javid had ignored the advice of a senior civil servant in order to keep granting export licenses for weapons to Saudi Arabia, despite allegations of war crimes in the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen. A February 2016 email from Edward Bell, head of the Export Control Organisation, was read out as part of a judicial review into British arms sales to Saudi Arabia. The email said: "To be honest, and I was very direct and honest with [Sajid Javid], my gut tells me we should suspend [weapon exports to Saudi Arabia]". In a later email, he said: "[Sajid Javid] decided not to take a decision about this last night and the matter has now been raised with [the prime minister]".
In June 2016, Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, Stephen Crabb, announced that he would be standing in the 2016 Conservative leadership election, following David Cameron's resignation after the result of the EU referendum. He announced that he would be standing on a "joint ticket" with Javid, with Crabb becoming Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Javid becoming Chancellor of the Exchequer, if Crabb won. Crabb withdrew from the contest after the first round of voting amongst Conservative Members of Parliament.
Javid was appointed as the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government in July 2016, by new Prime Minister, Theresa May. He has focused in particular on increasing housing supply in the role, including a new generation of affordable and council housing. He had previously described council homes as "poor housing for the poor", but helped secure funds for new local council building in the 2017 budget.
As Communities Secretary, Javid launched a wide-ranging programme of leasehold and commonhold reform. This began with a forthright speech at the 2017 conference for the main leasehold property managers trade body ARMA (Association of Residential Managing Agents), where Javid targeted rogue managing agents as well as the exorbitant service charges faced by many leaseholders across England and Wales. This was well received by the Leasehold Knowledge Partnership charity. In September 2017, Javid championed innovation collaborative efforts between the UK and Commonwealth Nations by awarding the first Commonwealth Scholarship and Fellowship in Innovation to Joshua Cheong and Dr Khoo Hsien Hui respectively.  In December 2017, after a public consultation which attracted an exceedingly high response rate, it was announced that efforts to end 'feudal' leasehold practices would include a ban on future leasehold houses as well as setting ground rents in new build flats to zero. It was reported that Javid resisted calls not to abolish ground rents, led by former Prime Minister David Cameron's brother-in-law Will Astor, who has accrued his wealth from freehold investment management. By April 2018, a series of policies aimed at regulating both the managing and letting agent sectors was unveiled such as a new system for leaseholders to challenge unfair service charges, empowering leaseholders to switch managing agent and requirements for managing and letting agents to professionalise their operations.
In March 2018, Javid called Momentum 'neo-fascist' in the House of Commons Chamber. Momentum threatened legal action if he repeats the comment outside Parliament where parliamentary privilege does not protect him against a lawsuit. MPs including: John Mann, Jon Trickett, Chris Williamson, Alex Sobel, Clive Lewis and Caroline Lucas demanded Javid withdraw the statement and apologise.
In 2018, Karen Pollock, chief executive of the Holocaust Educational Trust, said:
In April 2018, regarding the Windrush scandal, Javid told the Sunday Telegraph that "I was really concerned when I first started hearing and reading about some of the issues. It immediately impacted me. I’m a second-generation migrant. My parents came to this country ... just like the Windrush generation. [...] When I heard about the Windrush issue I thought, ‘That could be my mum…it could be my dad…it could be my uncle…it could be me.'"
On 30 April 2018, Javid was appointed as Home Secretary following Amber Rudd's resignation for misleading MPs about "targets for removing illegal immigrants", a consequence of the ongoing Windrush scandal. By becoming Home Secretary, he became the first person from an Asian background to hold one of the Great Offices of State in the UK. In his first months in charge, he put clear water between his tenure and Theresa May’s lengthy stint at the Home Office. He offered an olive branch to the Police Federation, secured a review on medicinal cannabis oil, and won an increase in tier 2 visas for skilled workers. 
Javid has argued against EU citizens having preferential rights to live and work in the UK after Brexit,  saying “There’s no magical reason it should be only from the EU and I think being a global Britain means that should be from across the world.” He said EU citizens who have lived in the UK for at least five years would be eligible for a new “settled status” in the country post-Brexit. However, the rules – which have allowed unlimited EU immigration – would “completely and totally end, full stop”. 
In 2018, his first speech to the Police Federation, Javid insisted "I'm listening and I get it".  He then promised a shift in priorities in a bid to better protect police officers in the next Home Office spending review. In his speech, Javid backed calls for spit hoods across all forces in England and Wales and leant his support to stop and search powers.
Javid used an exceptional power as home secretary to issue a licence for a child with acute epilepsy to be treated with medical Cannabis oil as a matter of urgency. Javid also launched a new panel to consider applications from patients seeking to use cannabis oil and announced a review of medicinal cannabis.
Javid vowed to tackle anti-LGBT hate crime and set up a new LGBT Advisory Panel to deliver the Government's action Plan. Javid apologised for historical homophobia within the Home Office: "Undercover police were instructed to loiter in bars, entrap gay men and put them in jail.. Let me tell you, as the current Home Secretary, that was wrong, wrong, wrong, and I’m sorry that it ever happened". 
Javid married his childhood sweetheart Laura King in 1997, whom he met while sharing a stapler at the local Commercial Union branch during a summer job. A non-practising Muslim, Mr Javid has four children with his wife Laura — a church-going Christian. The couple's children are privately educated, something that Javid attributed to their desire to "do what's best for them".
Javid was raised in a two-bed flat above a shop in Bristol with four brothers. His brother Chief Superintendent Bas Javid is Commander of Solihull Police division. Bas Javid was previously with the Royal Navy and his military service included the Persian Gulf War - for which he received a commendation for teamwork and bravery.
Javid is said to have received religious hate mail in the form of a "Punish a Muslim day" parcel; as of March 2018, he was the fifth British MP to receive such abuse. However, Javid himself is not religious, whilst his wife is a practising Christian.  In describing his background he said:
Javid is ideologically a small-state Thatcherite. Javid's father had inspired a devotion to Thatcher and said: “My dad lived through the winter of discontent and used to vote Labour, but switched to Thatcher, saying, ‘look how she’s sorting out the country’. I agreed”. In 2013, when he became Financial Secretary to the Treasury, he rejected works of art from the Government art collection and chose instead to personalise his office with a portrait of Margaret Thatcher.
Javid's hero apart from Thatcher is Ayn Rand  – he recounted once that he regularly rereads the courtroom scene from her novel The Fountainhead, telling The Spectator he admired its description of “the power of the individual … sticking up for your beliefs, against popular opinion”. At a Crossbench Film Society event, Javid chose to introduce the film version of The Fountainhead  and described the profound effect it had on him after watching it as a 12-year-old. 
Javid has been a regular attendee and speaker  at US Neoconservative Think Tank, American Enterprise Institute's annual conference.  Who's members include Dick Cheney, Paul Wolfowitz and John Bolton. In keeping with Neoconservative principle of promoting democracy by means of military force, Javid has consistently supported foreign military intervention having voted for intervening in Gaddafi's Libya, as well as air strikes in Iraq and Syria.