Saint Timothy

Timothy (Greek: Τιμόθεος; Timótheos, meaning "honouring God"[4] or "honoured by God"[5]) was an early Christian evangelist and the first Christian bishop of Ephesus,[6] who tradition relates died around the year AD 97.

Timothy was from the Lycaonian city of Lystra in Asia Minor, born of a Jewish mother who had become a Christian believer, and a Greek father. The Apostle Paul met him during his second missionary journey and he became Paul’s companion and co-worker along with Silas.[7] The New Testament indicates that Timothy traveled with Paul the Apostle, who was also his mentor. Paul entrusted him with important assignments. He is addressed as the recipient of the First and Second Epistles to Timothy.

Timothy
Saint Timothy
Icon of Saint Timothy
Bishop, Martyr
Bornc. AD 17
Lystra
Diedc. AD 97 (aged 79/80)
Macedonia
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
Oriental Orthodoxy
Anglican Communion
Lutheran Church
FeastJanuary 22 (Eastern Christianity)
January 26 (Roman Catholic Church, Lutheranism)
January 24 (some local calendars and pre-1970 General Roman Calendar)
23 Tobi (Coptic Christianity)[1]
27 Tobi (Relocation of Relics - Coptic Christianity)[2]
Attributespastoral staff[3]
Patronageinvoked against stomach and intestinal disorders

Life

Timothy was a native of Lystra in Lycaonia (Anatolia).[8] When Paul and Barnabas first visited Lystra, Paul healed a person crippled from birth, leading many of the inhabitants to accept his teaching. When he returned a few years later with Silas, Timothy was already a respected member of the Christian congregation, as were his grandmother Lois and his mother Eunice, both Jews. In 2 Timothy 1:5, his mother and grandmother are noted as eminent for their piety and faith. Timothy is said to have been acquainted with the Scriptures since childhood. In 1 Corinthians 16:10 there is a suggestion that he was by nature reserved and timid: "When Timothy comes, see that you put him at ease among you, for he is doing the work of the Lord".[9]

Timothy's father was a Greek Gentile. Thus Timothy had not been circumcised and Paul now ensured that this was done, according to the text Acts 16:1–3, to ensure Timothy's acceptability to the Jews whom they would be evangelizing. According to McGarvey:[10] "Yet we see him in the case before us, circumcising Timothy with his own hand, and this 'on account of certain Jews who were in those quarters'". This did not compromise the decision made at the Council of Jerusalem, that gentile believers were not required to be circumcised.

Timothy-and-Lois
Rembrandt's Timothy and his grandmother, 1648.

Timothy became St Paul’s disciple, and later his constant companion and co-worker in preaching.[11] In the year 52, Paul and Silas took Timothy along with them on their journey to Macedonia. Augustine extols his zeal and disinterestedness in immediately forsaking his country, his house, and his parents, to follow the apostle, to share in his poverty and sufferings.[12] Timothy may have been subject to ill health or "frequent ailments", and Paul encouraged him to "use a little wine for your stomach's sake".[13]

When Paul went on to Athens, Silas and Timothy stayed for some time at Beroea and Thessalonica before joining Paul at Corinth.[12] Timothy next appears in Acts during Paul's stay in Ephesus (54–57), and in late 56 or early 57 Paul sent him forth to Macedonia with the aim that he would eventually arrive at Corinth. Timothy arrived at Corinth just after 1 Corinthians reached that city.

Timothy was with Paul in Corinth during the winter of 57–58 when Paul dispatched his Letter to the Romans (Romans 16:21). According to Acts 20:3–6, Timothy was with Paul in Macedonia just before Passover in 58; he left the city before Paul, going ahead of him to await Paul in Troas (Acts 20:4–5). "That is the last mention of Timothy in Acts", Raymond Brown notes.[14] In the year 64, Paul left Timothy at Ephesus, to govern that church.[12]

His relationship with Paul was close and Paul entrusted him with missions of great importance. Timothy's name appears as the co-author on 2 Corinthians, Philippians, Colossians, 1 Thessalonians, 2 Thessalonians, and Philemon. Paul wrote to the Philippians about Timothy, "I have no one like him" (Philippians 2:19–23). When Paul was in prison and awaiting martyrdom, he summoned his faithful friend Timothy for a last farewell.[11]

That Timothy was jailed at least once during the period of the writing of the New Testament is implied by the writer of Hebrews mentioning Timothy's release at the end of the epistle.

The apocryphal Acts of Timothy states that in the year 97 AD, the 80-year-old bishop tried to halt a procession in honor of the goddess Diana by preaching the gospel. The angry pagans beat him, dragged him through the streets, and stoned him to death.[11]

Veneration

Timothy is venerated as an apostle, saint, and martyr by the Eastern Orthodox Church, with his feast day on 22 January. The General Roman Calendar venerates Timothy together with Titus by a memorial on 26 January, the day after the Feast of the Conversion of Saint Paul. From the 13th century until 1969 the feast of Timothy (alone) was on 24 January, the day before that of the Conversion of Saint Paul.[15] Along with Titus and Silas, Timothy is commemorated by the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America and the Episcopal Church on 26 January. Timothy's feast is kept by the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod on 24 January.

In the 4th century, the relics of Timothy were transferred from Ephesus to Constantinople and placed in the Church of the Holy Apostles near the tombs of St Andrew and St Luke.[11] Later on in the 13th century, the relics seem to have been taken to Italy by a count returning from the crusades, and buried around 1239 in the Termoli Cathedral.[16] The remains were re-discovered in 1945, during restoration works.

Patronage

Timothy is the patron invoked against stomach and intestinal disorders.[17]

See also

References

  1. ^ "The Martyrdom of St. Timothy, the Apostle.", Coptic Orthodox Church Network
  2. ^ "The Relocation of the Relics of St. Timothy, the Apostle.", COCN
  3. ^ Agasso, Domenico. "Saint Timothy, Bishop", Santi e Beati, February 1, 2001
  4. ^ Katsev, Igor. "Meaning & Origin of Timothy". MF names. Retrieved 2017-06-18.
  5. ^ "Timothy". Finde. Zelo. Retrieved 2017-06-18.
  6. ^ Eusebius (1965), "3.4", Historia Ecclesiastica [The History of the Church], Williamson, G.A. transl., Harmonsworth: Penguin, p. 109.
  7. ^ Acts 16:1–4
  8. ^ "St. Timothy biography". St. Timothy ELCA. Retrieved 2017-06-18.
  9. ^ "Who Was Saint Timothy". Fort Worth, TX: St.Timothy's Episcopal Church. Archived from the original on 2014-11-14. Retrieved 2014-01-17.
  10. ^ "Commentary on Acts of the Apostles". Christian Classics Ethereal Library. Retrieved 2017-06-18.
  11. ^ a b c d "Apostle Timothy of the Seventy". Lives of the saints. OCA. 2013-01-22. Retrieved 2017-06-18.
  12. ^ a b c Butler, Alban. Saint Timothy, Bishop and Martyr. The Lives of the Saints. I: January. Bartleby. Retrieved 2017-06-18.
  13. ^ "Saints Timothy and Titus", Franciscan Media
  14. ^ Brown (1997), An Introduction to the New Testament, New York: Doubleday, p. 655.
  15. ^ Calendarium Romanum (Vatican City, 1969), p. 86.
  16. ^ Sanidopoulos, John (September 2011), Skull of apostle Timothy to travel to….
  17. ^ "St. Timothy – Why is He the Patron of Stomach Issues?". Bible saints. January 2017. Retrieved 2018-07-05.

External links

Albepierre-Bredons

Albepierre-Bredons is a French commune in the département of Cantal and Auvergne region of south-central France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arapiroux.

Calendar of saints (Church of the Province of Melanesia)

The calendar of saints and commemorations in the Church of the Province of Melanesia (the Anglican Church in the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu) is a continually developing list. Both old and new, universal and local saints and worthies are celebrated.

Edna Township, Cass County, Iowa

Edna Township is one of sixteen townships in Cass County, Iowa, USA. As of the 2000 census, its population was 140.

Lois

Lois is a common English name from the New Testament. Paul the Apostle mentions Lois, the pious grandmother of Saint Timothy in the Second Epistle to Timothy (commending her for her faith in 2 Timothy 1:5). The name was first used by English Christians after the Protestant Reformation, and it was popular, particularly in North America, during the first half of the 20th century.

Man of God

Man of God is a biblical title of respect applied to prophets and beloved religious leaders. The term appears 78 times in 72 verses of the Bible, in application to up to 13 individuals:

Moses (Deuteronomy 33:1; Josh. 14:6; Ps. 90:1; Ezra 3:2; 1 Chron. 23:14; 2 Chron. 30:16) Moses is the only person called “man of God” in the Torah.

The angel of the Lord who appeared to Samson's mother (Judges 13:6, 8) whom she may have taken to be a prophet (Leviticus Rabbah 1:1)

The man who chastised the Priest Eli (1 Sam. 2:27) whom Sifre identifies as Samuel’s father Elkanah (Sifre to Deut. 342:4)

Samuel (1 Sam. 9:6, 7, 8, 10)

David (Neh. 12:24, 36; 2 Chron. 8:14)

Shemaiah (1 Kings 12:22; 2 Chron. 11:2)

The man from Judah who cried out against King Jeroboam of Israel (1 Kings 13:1 (twice), 4, 5, 6 (twice), 7, 8, 11, 12, 14 (twice), 21, 26, 29, 31), whose tomb King Josiah protected and preserved when he destroyed the idolatrous tombs in Bethel (2 Kings 23:16, 17) and whom some rabbis identify as Iddo (Sifre to Deuteronomy 342:4; Pesikta de-Rav Kahana 2:85; Zohar 2:64a)

Elijah (1 Kings 17:18, 24; 2 Kings 1:9, 10, 11, 12, 13)

The man who told King Ahab of Israel that Israel could defeat the Arameans (1 Kings 20:28) whom Sifre identifies as Micah (Sifre to Deut. 342:4), but who from context might also be Elijah

Elisha (2 Kings 4:7, 9, 16, 21, 22, 25, 27 (twice), 40, 42; 5:8, 14, 15, 20; 6:6, 9, 10, 15; 7:2, 17, 18, 19; 8:2, 4, 7, 8, 11, 19)

Hanan son of Igdaliah (Jer. 35:4)

The man who warned King Amaziah of Judah not to go to war (2 Chronicles 25:7, 9 (twice)), whom some rabbis identify as Amoz (Sifre to Deut. 342:4; Seder Olam Rabbah 20)

Saint Timothy (1 Timothy 6:11)

Patrick Yu (bishop)

Patrick Yu was a Suffragan Bishop in the Anglican Diocese of Toronto, Canada from 2006 to 2017: he is in charge of the York-Scarborough area of the Diocese.Yu was educated at Wycliffe College, Toronto and the Toronto School of Theology; and ordained in 1981. After a curacy at Scarborough, he was the incumbent of Coldwater-Medonte from 1983 to 1990, St Theodore of Canterbury, Toronto from 1991 to 1997 and Saint Timothy, Agincourt from 1997 until his election as Suffragan Bishop in 2006.Bishop Yu retired in early 2017 and commenced as a teacher at Minghua Theological College in Hong Kong.

Pauline epistles

The Pauline epistles, also called Epistles of Paul or Letters of Paul, are the thirteen books of the New Testament, composed of letters which are largely attributed to Paul the Apostle, although authorship of some is in dispute. Among these letters are some of the earliest extant Christian documents. They provide an insight into the beliefs and controversies of early Christianity. As part of the canon of the New Testament, they are foundational texts for both Christian theology and ethics. The Epistle to the Hebrews, although it does not bear his name, was traditionally considered Pauline for a thousand years, but from the 16th century onwards opinion steadily moved against Pauline authorship and few scholars now ascribe it to Paul, mostly because it does not read like any of his other epistles in style and content. Most scholars agree that Paul really wrote seven of the Pauline epistles, but that four of the epistles in Paul's name are pseudepigraphic (Ephesians, First Timothy, Second Timothy, and Titus); scholars are divided on the authenticity of two of the epistles.The Pauline epistles are usually placed inbetween the Acts of the Apostles and the general epistles in modern editions. Most Greek manuscripts, however, place the General epistles first, and a few minuscules (175, 325, 336, and 1424) place the Pauline epistles at the end of the New Testament.

Pope Timothy II of Alexandria

Pope Timothy II of Alexandria (died 477), also known as Αἴλουρος/Aelurus (from Greek cat because of his small build or in this case probably "weasel"), succeeded twice in supplanting the Chalcedonian Patriarch of Alexandria.

He was elected and consecrated after the death of the exiled Dioscorus of Alexandria in 454 by the Miaphysite opponents of the Council of Chalcedon and became a rival of the Pro-Chalcedon bishop Proterius.

According to Pro-Chalcedon Sources, after Proterius of Alexandria, has been installed as Patriarch after the Council of Chalcedon, he was murdered at Timothy's instigation at the baptistery during Easter, . In the Anti-Chalcedon Sources, Proterius was murdered on the order of the Byzantine General in Charge of Egypt after a heated exchange In 460, the Emperor expelled him from Alexandria and installed the Chalcedonian Timothy III Salophakiolos as Patriarch.

An uprising in 475 again brought Timothy II back to Alexandria, where he ruled as Patriarch until his death.

Pope Timothy I of Alexandria

Pope Timothy I of Alexandria, 22nd Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark, died about July 20, 384.He presided over the second Ecumenical Council at Constantinople called by Emperor Theodosius.

Praxedes

Saint Práxedes is a traditional Christian saint of the 2nd century. She is sometimes called Praxedis or Praxed.

Saint Moura

Saint Moura, also known as Mart Moura, is a Christian martyr of the third century and is honored in Egypt and the Middle East. Her feast is celebrated on 3 May and on 25 September, 5 Hathor and 8 Pashons in the Coptic church.

Several churches are dedicated to her, especially in northern Lebanon, as well as a monastery in Ehden.

San Timoteo Creek

San Timoteo Creek (also called San Timoteo Wash, colloquially known as San Tim) is a stream in Riverside and San Bernardino counties in southern California, United States. A tributary of the Santa Ana River, it flows through San Timoteo Canyon. San Timoteo Creek has a drainage basin of about 125 square miles (320 km2). The creek receives most of its water from headwater tributaries flowing from the San Bernardino Mountains near Cherry Valley, as well as Yucaipa Creek, which flows from Live Oak Canyon.In the past the creek was intermittent. Today it now flows year-round due to agricultural runoff and secondary treatment discharge from a water treatment plant in Yucaipa.The name "San Timoteo" was given to the creek and canyon around 1830. It is Spanish for Saint Timothy.

St. Timothy Catholic Church (Los Angeles)

St. Timothy Catholic Church is a Roman Catholic parish in the Los Angeles Archdiocese, Our Lady of the Angels Pastoral Region. The church is located at 10425 West Pico Boulevard in the Rancho Park neighborhood on the westside of Los Angeles, California, United States. Its Spanish Renaissance style church was built in 1949.

Synod of Saint Timothy

The Christian Church – Synod of Saint Timothy is a synod or communion of local Christian churches that was established as an autocephalous body in 2004. The Synod, though linked through apostolic succession (i.e., the historical episcopate) to the Latin, Greek, and Oriental Christian Churches, has no canonical or administrative ties to the mainstream Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, or Oriental Orthodox churches. The Synod is linked, to a limited extent, with the Independent Catholic and Old Catholic movements, though it has eschewed many of the more modern tendencies of these movements.

The Synod is governed by an Episcopal Council that is required to meet once every three years, in which the bishops, other clergy, and laity of the Synod meet to discuss items of import. It is the stated preference that all decisions be made by consensus.

The Synod is a liturgical body, which celebrates the Sacraments according to forms derived from ancient liturgical usages. Such forms would be readily recognizable to those who have attended liturgical Churches of Eastern and Western traditions.

The Synod adheres to the Apostles' and Nicene Creeds (sine Filioque) as its principal confessions of faith.

The Synod was founded upon an Ignatian model of the episcopate, with bishops in the historic episcopate serving (whenever possible) as local pastors, assisted by presbyters, deacons, and deaconesses. A presiding bishop is chosen by the Synod's Episcopal Council to coordinate activities. The current presiding bishop is Bishop Charles Huckaby.

Stateside congregations and ministries of the Synod exist in Georgia, Indiana, Ohio, and Texas as of January 2013. One bishop of the Synod lives and ministers in Australia. Among the non-parochial ministries of the Synod is Desert Companions, a ministry dedicated to sustaining others whose spirits are nourished by ancient principles of monastic life, but who are not affiliated with a monastery or convent.

The body maintains Altar and Pulpit Fellowships (i.e., intercommunions) with the Old Catholic Orthodox Church and the Celtic Episcopal Church.

Timothy (given name)

Timothy is a masculine name. It comes from the Greek name Τιμόθεος (Timόtheos) meaning "honouring God", "in God's honour", or "honoured by God". Timothy (and its variations) is a common name in several countries.

In the United States, the name was most popular in the 1960s, ranking 13th among all boy's names. Popularity for the name has since declined with its latest rating of 110th in 2009. The name has been used for girls, having a peak in 1968 ranking 908 in the United States, and declined since making it a very rare name for girls.

Timothy III of Alexandria

Pope Timothy III of Alexandria, 32nd Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark.

Timothy Joseph Lyne

Timothy Joseph Lyne (March 21, 1919 – September 25, 2013) was an American Bishop of the Roman Catholic Church.

Lyne was born in Chicago, Illinois, on March 21, 1919. He attended Resurrection and Saint Mel grade schools, and then Quigley Preparatory Seminary. He then studied the requisite undergraduate Philosophy and graduate Theology coursework at the University of Saint Mary of the Lake/Mundelein Seminary, receiving a Master of Arts (M.A.) Degree in History, and an S.T.L. (Licentiate in Sacred Theology). Then, he was ordained a priest by the then-Cardinal Archbishop of Chicago, Cardinal Samuel Alphonsus Stritch, in Chicago, Illinois, on May 1, 1943.

He was appointed to the Archdiocese of Chicago as an Auxiliary Bishop (having served as Rector of the Chicago Archdiocese's Holy Name Cathedral), as well as Titular Bishop of Vamalla on October 31, 1983, and ordained a Bishop on December 13, 1983, by Joseph Cardinal Bernardin, then the Archbishop of Chicago, serving as Principal Consecrator. The Principal Co-Consecrators were then-Auxiliary Bishops of Chicago, Alfred Leo Abramowicz (Titular Bishop of Pesto), and Nevin William Hayes, O. Carm. (Titular Bishop of Nova Sinna). He selected as his episcopal motto: "Grace, mercy, and peace." (the first three words of Saint Paul's epistle to Saint Timothy, his patron saint. Lyne retired from his post as Episcopal Vicar for Vicariate II (1983-1995) and Auxiliary Bishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago (1983-1995) on January 24, 1995, when his resignation was accepted by the then-Pope John Paul II, who had appointed him as a bishop.

He served all of the six Chicago cardinals in more than 70 years as a priest and almost 30 as a bishop, five of them in his capacity as an ordained cleric. He caddied for Cardinal George Mundelein as a seminarian. He was entrusted with sensitive tasks by Cardinal Stritch while doing parish work, continuing to serve in parish work under his successor, Cardinal Albert Gregory Meyer. He served as Parochial Vicar, or Associate Pastor, at Saint Mary's Parish, in Riverside, Illinois, from his priestly ordination in 1943 until 1962, then as Parochial Vicar at Saint Edmund Parish, in Oak Park, Illinois, from 1962 to 1966, and then at Holy Name Cathedral in Chicago, where he was named as Parochial Vicar by Cardinal Meyer's successor, the late Cardinal John Cody, serving from 1966 to 1967. Then Cardinal Cody named him Pastor there in 1967, a post he filled until 1990, even while serving as Auxiliary Bishop and Vicar for Vicariate II, after his consecration by Cardinal Bernardin.

Lyne died from natural causes on September 25, 2013, at the age of 94, at the rectory of Holy Name Cathedral where he was in residence. At the time of his death, he was one of the oldest living retired United States Catholic Bishops and had been serving, despite his retirement as Auxiliary Bishop, as Episcopal Vicar for Senior Priests, a post he had held since 1988. Visitation for Lyne took place on September 29 and 30, 2013 at Holy Name Cathedral in Chicago. He was interred at Mount Carmel Cemetery, in Hillside, Illinois.

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