Sagunto

Sagunto ([saˈɣunto]; Valencian: Sagunt [saˈɣunt]) is a town in Eastern Spain, in the modern fertile comarca of Camp de Morvedre in the province of Valencia. It is located c. 30 km north of Valencia, close to the Costa del Azahar on the Mediterranean Sea.

It is best known for the remains of the ancient Iberian and Roman city of Saguntum, which played a significant part in the Second Punic War between the Carthaginians and the Romans.

Sagunto

Sagunt
Sagunt / Sagunto
Skyline of Sagunto
Flag of Sagunto

Flag
Coat of arms of Sagunto

Coat of arms
Sagunto is located in Province of Valencia
Sagunto
Sagunto
Location in Spain
Sagunto is located in Valencian Community
Sagunto
Sagunto
Sagunto (Valencian Community)
Sagunto is located in Spain
Sagunto
Sagunto
Sagunto (Spain)
Coordinates: 39°40′35″N 0°16′24″W / 39.67639°N 0.27333°WCoordinates: 39°40′35″N 0°16′24″W / 39.67639°N 0.27333°W
Country Spain
Autonomous community Valencian Community
ProvinceValencia
ComarcaCamp de Morvedre
FoundedBefore 219 BC
Government
 • TypeMayor-council government
 • BodyAjuntament de Sagunt
 • MayorJosep Francesc Fernández Carrasco (2015) (Compromís)
Area
 • Total132 km2 (51 sq mi)
Elevation
49 m (161 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total65,669
Demonym(s)Saguntí, saguntina
Morvedrí, morvendrina
Native LanguageValencian (Catalan)
Official languagesValencian (Catalan)
Spanish
WebsiteOfficial website
Castillo04 Sagunto
The Castle of Sagunto

History

During the 5th century BC, the Iberians built a walled settlement on the hill overseeing the plain; a stretch of cyclopean limestone slabs from the former temple of Diana survives, close to the modern church of Santa Maria, but the settlement site is still older. The city traded with coastal colonies in the western Mediterranean such as Carthage and, under their influence, minted its own coins. During this period, the city was known as Arse (Ripollès i Alegre 2002). By 219 BC, Saguntum was a large and commercially prosperous town, which sided with the local colonists and Rome against Carthage, and drew Hannibal's first assault, his siege of Saguntum, which triggered the Second Punic War, one of the most important wars of antiquity.

After stiff resistance over the course of eight months, related by the Roman historian Livy[2] and in more detail by Silius Italicus,[3] Saguntum was captured in 219 BC by the armies of Hannibal.

Seven years later, the town was retaken by the Romans. In 214 BC, it became a municipium, was rebuilt and flourished. Hispania was not easily pacified and Romanised, as the Iberian career of Quintus Sertorius makes clear. Saguntum minted coins under his protection, but continued to house a mint in later Roman times. The Romans built a great circus in the lower part of the city and a theatre seating 8,000 spectators. Texts found indicate that the city had an amphitheatre and had about 50,000 inhabitants. This prosperity lasted for most of the empire, and is attested by inscriptions and ruins (notably a theatre, demolished by Napoleon's marshal Louis Gabriel Suchet, who also destroyed the Roman tower of Hercules).

Saguntum Forum
Saguntum Forum
Saguntum Theatre
Saguntum Theatre
Saguntum rear wall of theatre
Saguntum rear wall of ancient theatre

Under the Arian Visigothic kings, Saguntum received its Catholic patron saint, a bishop named Sacerdos, "the priest", who died peacefully of natural causes about AD 560.

In the early 8th century, the Muslim Arabs came and the city became part of the Caliphate of Cordoba and at that time the city reached an era of splendor, with baths, palaces, mosques and schools open for its cosmopolitan population. Then, the town was known as Morvedre (Morviedro in Spanish), a name derived from Latin muri veteres "ancient walls." However, as Valencia grew, Saguntum declined.

In 1098, the city was conquered by El Cid but the Muslims recovered it shortly thereafter. The city had been under the Muslim Arab rule for over 500 years when James I of Aragon conquered it in 1238.

During the Peninsular War, a Spanish attempt to raise the French siege of the castle failed in the Battle of Saguntum on 25 October 1811. In the weeks before the battle, the Spanish garrison made a valiant and successful defense; but it surrendered the day after the battle.[4] Historian Charles Oman stated that the site was converted into a fortress in 1810–1811 by General Joaquín Blake at the suggestion of British officer Charles William Doyle. At that time, much of the largely intact Roman theater was dismantled to provide stone for restoring the old walls.[5]

Saguntum was badly damaged in warfare, but has retained many Valencian Gothic structures. In the late 19th century, a steel-making industry grew up that supported the modern city, which extends in the coastal plain below the citadel hill. The last steel oven closed in April 1984. It has been restored and is now a tourist attraction.

Main sights

  • The remains of Sagunto Castle may be seen on top of the hill. It preserves much of its walled ramparts, of Roman and Moorish origin.
  • A Roman theater, partly restored in late 20th century. It is found on the northern slope of the citadel hill. It was the first official National Monument declared in Spain (1896).
  • The Gothic Esglèsia de Santa Maria (St Mary's Church), in the Plaça Major (Main Square).
  • The Palau Municipal (City Palace), or town hall; a beautiful 18th century building with a neoclassical façade.
  • The early Gothic Esglèsia del Salvador (Church of Our Savior).
  • The narrow streets of the Juderia (Old Jewish Quarter), on the hillside on the way up to the citadel.
  • The 13th century Santa Ana convent adjacent to the Plaça de Pi.
  • The Sagunto History Museum, located in the house of Mestre Peña, a building in the Jewish quarter dating from the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. The largest collection is from the Ibero-Roman Period.

The famed composer Don Joaquín Rodrigo, who composed Concierto de Aranjuez, among others, was born in Sagunt.

Notes

  1. ^ "Municipal Register of Spain 2018". National Statistics Institute. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  2. ^ Livy: History of Rome
  3. ^ Silius Italicus: Punica
  4. ^ Oman 1996, pp. 31–46.
  5. ^ Oman 1996, pp. 11–12.

References

  • Ripollès i Alegre, P.P. (2002). Arse-Saguntum: historia monetaria de la ciudad y su territorio. Fundación Bancaja. ISBN 8484710270.
  • Oman, Charles (1996) [1914]. A History of the Peninsular War Volume V. 5. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole. ISBN 1-85367-225-4.

External links

auto
2010–11 Liga ABF

The Liga ABF 2010–11 was the 54th season of women's handball top flight in Spain since its establishment, taking place from 11 September 2010 to 14 May 2011. Fourteen teams took part in the championship, with CBF Monóvar and CBM Murcia replacing relegated teams BM Gijón and CB Ribarroja.

SD Itxako won its third championship in a row by winning every match but one, also winning the Copa de la Reina to retain both titles. CBF Elda held its position as the runner-up, and BM Sagunto, Mar Alicante and BM Bera Bera also qualified for international competitions. On the other hand, BM Remudas and AD Sagardía were relegated. However Remudas avoided relegation in June as CP Goya Almería sold it its spot due to financial stress. One month later Monóvar was disbanded for the same reasons.Itxako and Mar Alicante were the runners-up of the Champions League and Cup Winners' Cup respectively. In the EHF Cup Sagunto reached the quarter-finals, while 2010 runner-up Elda and CLeBa León didn't make it past the qualifying rounds.

Antonio Maceda

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Maceda won nearly 40 caps for Spain, and represented the nation at two World Cups and Euro 1984.

Arse

Arse or ARSE may refer to:

Arse, Irish, British, Australian and regional Canadian English for the buttocks ("ass" in American English)

Arse, the name for the Iberian settlement of modern-day Sagunto

Arse (district), a district in the South Tapanuli Regency, North Sumatra province, Sumatra, Indonesia

River Arse, a river in the Ariège department of southern France

Arylsulfatase E, an arylsulfatase gene

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Atlético Saguntino is a Spanish football team based in Sagunto, in the Valencian Community. Founded in 1951, in the 2018-19 season of Spanish football it plays in Tercera División - Group 6, holding home games at Camp Nou de Morvedre, with a 4,000-seat capacity.

Autovía A-23

The Autovía A-23 is a motorway in Aragon, Spain with an average speed limit of 120 km/h.

A-23 is an upgrade of the N-330 and N-234. Presently, it starts in the province of Huesca then leads south to Zaragoza. Hereafter, it follows the rio Jiloca south to Teruel through the Sierra d'Espada to the coast at Sagunto. Plans call for the freeway to reach the French border at Somport. The freeway is also known as Autovía Valencia-Francia or Autovía Sagunto-Somport.

Eventually, once fully complete, it will serve as an important axis of connection between Valencia, Aragon, the Basque region, and France, through the Somport tunnel. Its nickname is the spine of Aragon since it runs along the north-south community intercommunicating the three capitals.

The A-23 runs through the corridors of the N-234, between Sagunto and Retascón and the N-330 between Retascón and Jaca. Though, except for two small sections, the whole layout of the road is new and independent of national roads. One section is at 10 km from Viver and Barracks (Ragudo rise), and the other section is about 30 km from the complicated port to save the Pyrenean the Monrepós which is the most expensive portion of the entire highway, currently under construction.

BM Puerto Sagunto

Club Balonmano Puerto Sagunto is a handball club based in Sagunto, Valencian Community. Puerto Sagunto was founded in 1951 and has played in Liga ASOBAL since the 2012–13 season despite its finish as the bottom team in the 2011–12 season.

BM Sagunto

Club Balonmano Sagunto was a Spanish women's handball club from Sagunto founded in 1978 which in July, 2012 moved to Valencia and joint CE Handbol Marítim to play in División de Honor as Valencia Aicequip.

Battle of Saguntum

The Battle of Saguntum (25 October 1811) saw the Imperial French Army of Aragon under Marshal Louis Gabriel Suchet fighting a Spanish army led by Captain General Joaquín Blake. The Spanish attempt to raise the siege of the Sagunto Castle failed when the French, Italians, and Poles drove their troops off the battlefield in rout. The action took place during the Peninsular War, part of the Napoleonic Wars. Sagunto lies a short distance from the east coast of Spain, about 30 kilometres (19 mi) north of Valencia.

Suchet invaded the province of Valencia in September 1811. He tried to quickly seize Sagunto Castle, but its garrison under Colonel Luis Andriani repulsed two attacks and the French-Allied army was forced to lay siege to the ancient fortress. When Blake's army advanced from Valencia to raise the siege, Suchet posted his somewhat smaller army to resist the Spanish. Blake's attack on Suchet's right flank went awry and soon the poorly-trained Spanish troops were fleeing. The Spanish troops attacking Suchet's left flank were made of sterner stuff, however, and the contest there was more severe. Finally, the Imperial troops gained the upper hand and put almost the entire Spanish army to flight. The garrison of Sagunto Castle soon surrendered and Blake's soldiers limped back to Valencia where they tried to put that city's defences in order.

CD Acero

Club Deportivo Acero is a Spanish football team based in Puerto de Sagunto, in the Valencian Community. Founded in 1919 it plays in Tercera División – Group 6, holding home games at Estadio El Fornàs, which has a capacity of 3,000 spectators.

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Joaquín Rodrigo

Joaquín Rodrigo Vidre, 1st Marquis of the Gardens of Aranjuez (Spanish: [xoaˈkin roˈðɾiɣo]; 22 November 1901 – 6 July 1999), was a Spanish composer and a virtuoso pianist.

Rodrigo's music is among the most popular music of the 20th century. In particular, his Concierto de Aranjuez is considered one of the pinnacles of Spanish music and of the guitar concerto repertoire.

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Quartell

Quartell is a small town and municipality in the fertile comarca of Camp de Morvedre in the Province of Valencia in eastern Spain. It is close to the sea, thirty five kilometers north of the provincial capital city Valencia, and ten kilometers north of Sagunto.

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Sagunto Castle

Sagunto Castle (Spanish: Castillo de Sagunto; Valencian: Castell de Sagunt) is a fortress overlooking the town of Sagunto, near Valencia in Spain. The site's history extends back over two thousand years and includes Iberian, Roman and medieval remains. During the Islamic period, the castle was known as Murbĩtar and Morvedre. The castle was declared a National Monument in 1931.The sacking of the Iberian settlement by Hannibal in 219 BC led to the outbreak of the Second Punic War. The visible walls are largely Islamic in origin, with substantial modifications taking place after the end of Islamic rule, with the defences being strengthened and modernised. In 1811, during the Napoleonic Wars, the French laid siege to the castle, and were ultimately successful in taking it, after which the defences were repaired.

Sierra de Javalambre

Sierra de Javalambre (Aragonese: Sierra de Chabalambre) is a 29 km (18 mi) long mountain range in the Gúdar-Javalambre comarca of Aragon and the Rincón de Ademuz and Serrans comarcas of the Valencian Community, Spain.

Highway N-234 winds its way between Sierra de Javalambre and Serra d'Espadà reaching the coast at Sagunto and the Autopista AP-7.

Spanish ironclad Sagunto

The Spanish ironclad Sagunto was a wooden-hulled armored frigate converted from the 100-gun ship of the line Principe Don Alfonso during the 1870s.

Taifa of Murviedro and Sagunto

The Taifa of Murviedro and Sagunto was a medieval taifa kingdom that existed in a short period from 1086 to 1092.

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