Sagar, Madhya Pradesh

Sagar is a city in the state of Madhya Pradesh in central India. Situated on a spur of the Vindhya Range and 1,758 feet (536 m) above sea-level. The city is around 172 kilometres (107 mi) northeast of state capital, Bhopal. It is situated almost in the centre of India.

Its original name 'Saugor' (Hindi: सौगढ़) is an amalgamation of two words: sau meaning Hundred (100) and garh meaning forts; there were countless small-forts in this region. With time the name has changed from Saugor to Sagar.[1][2]

Sagar has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission and listed top safest city of india 2018.

Sagar
City
Sagar City
Sagar is located in Madhya Pradesh
Sagar
Sagar
Sagar is located in India
Sagar
Sagar
Coordinates: 23°50′N 78°43′E / 23.83°N 78.71°ECoordinates: 23°50′N 78°43′E / 23.83°N 78.71°E
CountryIndia
StateMadhya Pradesh
DistrictSagar
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodySagar Municipal Corporation
 • MayorAbhay Dare
Area
 • Metro49.763 km2 (19.214 sq mi)
Elevation427 m (1,401 ft)
Population (2011)
 • City273,282
 • Density150/km2 (400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN470001,2,3,4
Telephone code91 7582
Vehicle registrationMP-15
Spoken LanguagesHindi, Bundeli
Websitewww.sagar.nic.in

History

The ancient Indian kingdom of Chedi had its capital at Suktimati, which is located in Sagar in contemporary times. The history of Sagar District before 1022 A.D. is generally unknown; after that, records are available. Sagar was under the rule of Ahir Rajas and their capital was at Garhpehra. In 1660, Udenshah founded the present town of Sagar.[3] Govind Pant Bundela a Maratha general was the founder of the city.

Climate

Sagar has humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa) with hot summers, a somewhat cooler monsoon season and cool winters. Very heavy rain falls in the monsoon season from June to September.

Climate data for Sagar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.2
(90)
35.0
(95)
39.1
(102.4)
42.8
(109)
46.0
(114.8)
44.8
(112.6)
40.0
(104)
35.3
(95.5)
38.1
(100.6)
36.0
(96.8)
34.6
(94.3)
30.6
(87.1)
46
(114.8)
Average high °C (°F) 24.5
(76.1)
26.7
(80.1)
32.2
(90)
37.8
(100)
40.6
(105.1)
37.2
(99)
30.2
(86.4)
28.6
(83.5)
30.4
(86.7)
31.6
(88.9)
28.7
(83.7)
25.1
(77.2)
31.1
(88.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.3
(63.1)
19.9
(67.8)
25.3
(77.5)
30.6
(87.1)
33.5
(92.3)
31.4
(88.5)
26.7
(80.1)
25.6
(78.1)
26.3
(79.3)
25.9
(78.6)
22.4
(72.3)
18.3
(64.9)
25.3
(77.5)
Average low °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
13.0
(55.4)
18.3
(64.9)
23.3
(73.9)
26.3
(79.3)
25.4
(77.7)
23.2
(73.8)
22.5
(72.5)
22.1
(71.8)
20.2
(68.4)
16.0
(60.8)
11.5
(52.7)
19.3
(66.8)
Record low °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
4.9
(40.8)
9.8
(49.6)
14.3
(57.7)
18.3
(64.9)
18.1
(64.6)
19.9
(67.8)
16.6
(61.9)
17.0
(62.6)
12.1
(53.8)
9.1
(48.4)
6.0
(42.8)
4.6
(40.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 27
(1.06)
14
(0.55)
4
(0.16)
2
(0.08)
16
(0.63)
170
(6.69)
350
(13.78)
467
(18.39)
162
(6.38)
33
(1.3)
19
(0.75)
15
(0.59)
1,279
(50.36)
Average rainy days 2.3 2.3 0.8 0.2 1.9 9.6 16.5 19.7 10.0 2.2 0.9 1.2 67.6
Average relative humidity (%) 49 43 32 25 29 55 81 86 75 52 43 49 52
Source: NOAA (1971-1990)[4]

Demographics

As of the 2011[5] India census, Sagar had a population of 2,378,458 of which male and female were 1,256,257 and 1,122,201 respectively. In the 2001 census, Sagar had a population of 2,021,987 of which males were 1,073,205 and remaining 948,782 were females. Average literacy rates of Sagar in 2011 were 76.46 compared to 67.73 of 2001. Gender-wise, male and female literacy rates were 84.85 and 67.02 respectively in 2011. For the 2001 census, the rates stood at 79.41 and 54.35 in Sagar District. The total number of literates in Sagar District were 1,545,719 of which male and female were 908,607 and 637,112 respectively. In 2001, Sagar District had 1,118,993 literates in its district.

References

  1. ^ "About Sagar". Retrieved 26 August 2014.
  2. ^ "Sagar Places To Visit". www.touristlink.com. Tourist Link.
  3. ^ Arun K. Jain, A. N. Sharma (2006). "The Beria (Rai Dancers): A Socio-demographic, Reproductive, and Child Health Care Practices Profile". Berias. Sarup & Sons. p. 13. ISBN 9788176257145. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
  4. ^ "Sagar Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  5. ^ "Sagar District Population Census 2011, Madhya Pradesh literacy sex ratio and density". Retrieved 5 August 2016.

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