SPICA S.p.A. (Società Pompe Iniezione Cassani & Affini) was an Italian manufacturer of fuel injection systems.

Cassani sede spica
SPICA plant


The company was founded by Francesco Cassani in 1932.[1] SPICA fuel injection systems were used in diesel and petrol engines. In 1941 Alfa Romeo took control of the company. Later the company also produced spark plugs, shock absorbers, oil pumps and other automobile parts.[2] In 1987 the company became part of Fiat Group, and in 1995 the company was sold to Delphi and TRW.

The company founder Francesco Cassani left the company in 1942 and founded a new company with his brother Eugenio called SAME (Società Accomandita Motori Endotermici). Today that company is known as SAME Deutz-Fahr.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b "Passion for tractors". cefriel.it (in Italian). Archived from the original on 2007-09-08. Retrieved 2007-10-28.
  2. ^ "LA STORIA Nella fase di massimo sviluppo sfiorò i 2000 dipendenti". lavorincorso.livorno.it (in Italian). Archived from the original on 2008-10-03. Retrieved 2007-10-28.
B2M Entertainment

B2M Entertainment (Korean: B2M 엔터테인먼트) was a South Korean record label founded in 2010 by Gil Jong-hwa.


The Exoplanet Characterisation Observatory (EChO) was a proposed space telescope as part of the Cosmic Vision roadmap of the European Space Agency, and competed with four other missions for the M3 slot in the programme. On 19 February 2014 the PLATO mission was selected in place of the other candidates in the programme, including EChO.EChO would be the first dedicated mission to investigate exoplanetary atmospheres, addressing the suitability of those planets for life and placing the Solar System in context. EChO is intended to provide high resolution, multi-wavelength spectroscopic observations. It would measure the atmospheric composition, temperature and albedo of a representative sample of known exoplanets, constrain models of their internal structure and improve our understanding of how planets form and evolve. It will orbit around the L2 Lagrange point, 1.5 million km from Earth in the anti-sunward direction.

Engineer (comics)

The Engineer is the name of two fictional characters in the Wildstorm Universe. The first Engineer appeared in 1997, and was created by Warren Ellis and Tom Raney. The current Engineer, Angela Spica, a member of Stormwatch, first appears in The Authority #1 and was created by Warren Ellis and Bryan Hitch. The Engineer uses nanotechnology to fly, communicate with machinery, create mechanical devices, and to cover the body in liquid metal body armor. The Engineer also appears in the 2008 Number of the Beast Wildstorm miniseries, and The New 52.

HSwMS Spica (T121)

HSwMS Spica (T121) is a former Swedish Navy Spica-class, torpedo-armed, fast attack craft (FAC), now a museum ship at the Vasa Museum in Stockholm, Sweden.

The vessel was one of three constructed in the 1960s by Götaverken AB on Hisingen, the other two being HSwMS Sirius (T122) and HSwMS Capella (T123). Three similar vessels were built by Karlskronavarvet.

The vessel was taken out of service in 1989 and made into a museum ship at the Naval Museum in her former home port of Karlskrona until 2002. It is a listed historic ship of Sweden.


Lavandula angustifolia

Lavandula angustifolia (lavender most commonly true lavender or English lavender, though not native to England; also garden lavender, common lavender, narrow-leaved lavender), formerly L. officinalis, is a flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae, native to the Mediterranean (Spain, France, Italy, Croatia etc.).

Orthopedic cast

An orthopedic cast, or simply cast, is a shell, frequently made from plaster or fiberglass, encasing a limb (or, in some cases, large portions of the body) to stabilize and hold anatomical structures, most often a broken bone (or bones), in place until healing is confirmed. It is similar in function to a splint.

Plaster bandages consist of a cotton bandage that has been combined with plaster of paris, which hardens after it has been made wet. Plaster of Paris is calcined gypsum (roasted gypsum), ground to a fine powder by milling. When water is added, the more soluble form of calcium sulfate returns to the relatively insoluble form, and heat is produced.

2 (CaSO4·½ H2O) + 3 H2O → 2 (CaSO4.2H2O) + HeatThe setting of unmodified plaster starts about 10 minutes after mixing and is complete in about 45 minutes; however, the cast is not fully dry for 72 hours.Nowadays bandages of synthetic materials are often used, often knitted fiberglass bandages impregnated with polyurethane, sometimes bandages of thermoplastic. These are lighter and dry much faster than plaster bandages. However, plaster can be more easily moulded to make a snug and therefore more comfortable fit. In addition, plaster is much smoother and does not snag clothing or abrade the skin.

SPICA (spacecraft)

The Space Infrared Telescope for Cosmology and Astrophysics (SPICA), initially called HII-L2 after the launch vehicle and orbit, is a proposed infrared space telescope, follow-on to the successful Akari space observatory. It is a collaboration between European and Japanese scientists, which was selected in May 2018 by the European Space Agency (ESA) as a finalist for the next Medium class Mission 5 of the Cosmic Vision programme. Its sensitivity would be more than two orders of magnitude over both Spitzer and Herschel space telescopes.

Samsung Galaxy (original)

The Samsung GT-I7500 Galaxy is a mobile phone manufactured by Samsung that uses the open source Android operating system. It was announced on 27 April 2009 and was released on 29 June 2009 as the first Android-powered device from Samsung Mobile, and the first in what would become the long Galaxy series. It is succeeded by the Samsung i5700 Galaxy Spica.

Samsung Galaxy 3

The Samsung Galaxy 3, also known as the Samsung Galaxy Apollo, Galaxy Mini in Italy, or Samsung Galaxy 580 in Hong Kong, is a smartphone manufactured by Samsung that runs the open source Android operating system. Announced and released by Samsung in July 2010, the Galaxy 3 succeeds the Galaxy Spica.

Being a budget, mid-range smartphone that was designed for the mass market, the Galaxy 3 had several compromises over the Galaxy S in terms of hardware.

It was being the first Samsung Galaxy model to be made and sold in high volumes (unlike Galaxy Spica and i7500 of which were not that successful), forcing the rest of the mobile industry to follow suit.

The Galaxy Apollo is a variant of the Galaxy 3 that is also known as the GT-I5800. This was also released as carrier-exclusive sub-variants by Orange (i5801) in the UK, Optimus (i5801) in Portugal and by Telus Mobility (i5800L / Samsung Apollo) in Canada. Compared to the normal Apollo/I5800, the carrier-exclusive models include a different front design, which has touch sensitive buttons instead of physical keys, a more rounded home button, and a slightly different back.

The Samsung Galaxy 3 won bronze of the CNET Asia Reader's Choice Award for Best Entry-Level Smartphone in 2010.

Samsung Galaxy Spica

The Samsung Galaxy Spica, also known as Samsung Spica, Samsung GT-I5700, Samsung Galaxy Lite and Samsung Galaxy Portal, is a smartphone manufactured by Samsung that uses the open source Android operating system. The phone is referred to as the successor of the Samsung i7500. Even though some of its features like the camera resolution, storage and data connection speeds are lower than the i7500 its processor's clock speed is much higher at 800 MHz. It is succeeded by the Samsung Galaxy 3.

Spica-class torpedo boat

The Spica class were a class of torpedo boats of the Regia Marina (Royal Italian Navy) during World War II. These ships were built as a result of a clause in the Washington Naval Treaty, which stated that ships with a tonnage of less than 600 could be built in unlimited numbers. Thirty-two ships were built between 1934 and 1937, thirty of which entered service with Italy and two which were transferred to the Swedish Navy in 1940. The two units in Swedish service were classed as destroyers until 1953, then re-classified as corvettes. Although commonly referred to as torpedo boats due to their smaller displacement, the Spica class armaments were similar in design to destroyers (their design was influenced by the Maestrale-class destroyer then in development), and were intended for anti-submarine duties, although they often had to fight aircraft and surface forces as well. Twenty-three vessels were lost during World War II.


"Spica/Hanabi/Moon" is a collaboration maxi single containing songs sung by I've Sound's Lia first released on August 15, 2003 at Comiket 64 in Japan by Key Sounds Label bearing the catalog number KSLA-0008. The single contains one disc with three tracks composed, arranged, and produced by Jun Maeda, Sorma, Yū Hagiwara, and Takumaru. "Hanabi" was later used as the ending theme for episode six of the 2013 anime series Little Busters! Refrain.

Spica (group)

Spica (Korean: 스피카, stylized as SPICA) was a South Korean girl group formed in 2012 under B2M Entertainment. The group consists of Kim Boa, Park Sihyun, Park Narae, Yang Jiwon and Kim Bohyung. Their pre-debut single "Doggedly" was released on January 10, 2012, followed by their debut mini-album, Russian Roulette, on February 8, 2012. They officially disbanded on February 6, 2017, though Bohyung has confirmed a possible reunion in the future.

Splint (medicine)

A splint is defined as “a rigid or flexible device that maintains in position a displaced or movable part; also used to keep in place and protect an injured part” or as “a rigid or flexible material used to protect, immobilize, or restrict motion in a part.” Splints can be used for injuries that are not severe enough to immobilize the entire injured structure of the body. For instance, a splint can be used for certain fractures, soft tissue sprains, tendon injuries, or injuries awaiting orthopedic treatment. A splint may be static, not allowing motion, or dynamic, allowing controlled motion. Splints can also be used to relieve pain in damaged joints. Splints are quick and easy to apply and do not require a plastering technique. Splints are often made out of some kind of flexible material and a firm pole-like structure for stability. They often buckle or Velcro together.

Twin Spica

Twin Spica (Japanese: ふたつのスピカ, Hepburn: Futatsu no Supika) is a Japanese seinen manga series written and illustrated by Kou Yaginuma. The "realistic, slice-of-life science fiction series" tells the story of a group of Japanese high school students training to become astronauts in the early 21st century after the country's first human spaceflight launch ends in a disaster that causes many civilian casualties. It was serialized in the seinen manga magazine Comic Flapper from September 2001 to August 2009 and was later published in 16 tankōbon volumes by Media Factory from January 2002 to October 2009.

The series is named after Spica, a binary star system and the brightest star in the constellation Virgo. In the manga, Yaginuma includes many references to historical events related to the development of human spaceflight as well as literary works such as Kenji Miyazawa's novel Night on the Galactic Railroad. American publishing company Vertical announced acquisition of the manga's license for English-language translation at the New York Anime Festival in September 2009, and the translated first volume was published in May 2010. The series was described by Vertical marketing director Ed Chavez as "technically sound" and "heartfelt" during its initial assessment.

The manga was adapted into an anime television series by animation studio Group TAC. It premiered on November 1, 2003, on Japan's NHK BS Hi-Vision satellite service. Twenty episodes of the anime aired until March 27, 2004, when the series concluded prematurely before the manga was completed. Satellite television network Animax has broadcast the anime in multiple regional language releases, including English. A live-action adaptation was produced by NHK in cooperation with the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency and aired between June 18 and July 30, 2009.

USNS Spica (T-AFS-9)

USNS Spica (T-AFS-9), was a combat stores ship acquired by the U.S. Navy from the United Kingdom in 1981. She served as part of the Military Sealift Command until she was deactivated in 2008.

Before her U.S. Navy career, Spica served the United Kingdom's Royal Fleet Auxiliary as RFA Tarbatness (A345).

Virgo (constellation)

Virgo is one of the constellations of the zodiac. Its name is Latin for virgin, and its symbol is ♍. Lying between Leo to the west and Libra to the east, it is the second-largest constellation in the sky (after Hydra) and the largest constellation in the zodiac. It can be easily found through its brightest star, Spica.

Yukari Tamura

Yukari Tamura (田村 ゆかり, Tamura Yukari, born February 27, 1976) is a Japanese voice actress and singer affiliated with Amuleto (formerly Arts Vision and I'm Enterprise). She debuted as a voice actress in 1997, releasing her debut single "Yūki o Kudasai" on March 26, 1997. Her role as Nanoha Takamachi in the Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha series contributed to a rise in her popularity, as several of her singles ("Little Wish: Lyrical Step", "Spiritual Garden", "Hoshizora no Spica", "Beautiful Amulet") were used as the ending themes for the franchise's anime adaptations. Besides Nanoha, she voices the title characters Haruka Minazuki / Red Angel in Kaitō Tenshi Twin Angel, Ringo Kinoshita in No-Rin, Yamada in B Gata H Kei and Kaoru Tsunashi in I Can't Understand What My Husband Is Saying. Other major voice roles in anime include Elizabeth Midford in Black Butler, Kanako Kurusu in Oreimo, Suzuha Amane in Steins;Gate, Mai Kawasumi in Kanon, Mei Sunohara in Clannad and Saku Tōyama in Tantei Opera Milky Holmes, Rika Furude in Higurashi When They Cry and Tenten in Naruto. In video games, besides the ones that were adapted into anime, she voices Talim in Soulcalibur and Myao in Marl Kingdom.

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