The SCAT (Società Ceirano Automobili Torino) was an Italian automobile manufacturer from Turin, founded in 1906 by Giovanni Battista Ceirano.
Società Ceirano Automobili Torino
|Fate||absorbed by Fiat in 1929, cars produced until 1932|
|Giovanni Battista Ceirano founder|
The Ceirano brothers, Giovanni Battista, Giovanni, Ernesto and Matteo, were influential in the founding of the Italian auto industry, being variously responsible for: Ceirano; Welleyes (the technical basis of FIAT); Fratelli Ceirano; Società Torinese Automobili Rapid (STAR/Rapid); SCAT (Società Ceirano Automobili Torino); Itala and SPA (Società Piemontese Automobili). Giovanni's son Giovanni "Ernesto" was also influential, co-founding Ceirano Fabbrica Automobili (aka Giovanni Ceirano Fabbrica Automobili) and Fabrica Anonima Torinese Automobili (FATA).
In 1888, after eight years apprenticeship at his father's watch-making business, Giovanni Battista started building Welleyes bicycles, so named because English names had more sales appeal. In October 1898 Giovanni Battista and Matteo co-founded Ceirano GB & C and started producing the Welleyes motor car in 1899. In July 1899 the plant and patents were sold to Giovanni Agnelli and produced as the first FIATs - the Fiat 4 HP. Giovanni Battista was employed by Fiat as the agent for Italy, but within a year he left to found Fratelli Ceirano & C. which in 1903 became STAR building cars badged as 'Rapid'. In 1904 Matteo Ceirano left Ceirano GB & C to create his own brand - Itala. In 1906 Matteo left Itala to found SPA with chief designer, Alberto Ballacco. In 1906 Giovanni founded SCAT in Turin. In 1919 Giovanni and Giovanni "Ernesto" co-founded Ceirano Fabbrica Automobili (aka Giovanni Ceirano Fabbrica Automobili) and in 1922 they took control of FATA).
SCAT production before World War I:
In 1911 Giovanni's brother Ernesto Ceirano won the Targa Florio driving the SCAT he completed the 3 laps of the Grande Circuit of the Targa Florio, covering the 446-kilometre (277 mi) in 9 hours 32 minutes 22 seconds, an average speed of 46.8 km/h.
British driver Cyril Snipe won the 1912 Targa Florio (Giro di Sicilia) on 25 and 26 May, driving a SCAT 25/35 with his co-driver Pedrini. They completed the 965 kilometre course around the island of Sicily in 24 hours 37 minutes 39 seconds, defeating a field of 26 cars which included Lancia, Isotta Fraschini, Fiat and A.L.F.A.. The race passed through Palermo; Messina; Catania; Syracuse; Ragusa; Gela; Agrigento; Marsala; Trapani; and back to Palermo.
In 1914 Ernesto Ceirano drove a SCAT 22/32 to his second victory in the Targa Florio, completing a single 979 km lap of the island in 16 hours 51 minutes 31 seconds at an average speed of 58.07 km/h.
19 models were produced by SCAT:
|1906||1909||SCAT 12-16 HP||Multi-block||4 cylinders||2724 cm³ (85 x 120)|
|1907||1909||SCAT 16-20 HP||Multi-block||4 cylinders||3190 cm³ (92 x 120)|
|1907||1909||SCAT 22-32 HP||Multi-block||4 cylinders||3770 cm³ (100 x 120)|
|1910||1911||SCAT 22-32 HP||Multi-block||4 cylinders||4398 cm³ (100 x 140)|
|1912||1914||SCAT 15-20 HP||Mono-block||4 cylinders||2951 cm³ (85 x 130)|
|1910||1911||SCAT 15-20 HP||Mono-block||4 cylinders||2724 cm³ (85 x 120)|
|1912||1920||SCAT 25-35 HP||Mono-block||4 cylinders||4712 cm³ (100 x 150)|
|1912||1915||SCAT 60-75 HP||Mono-block||4 cylinders||6284 cm³ (100 x 250)|
|1914||1920||SCAT 12-18 HP||Mono-block||4 cylinders||2120 cm³ (75 x 120)|
|1915||1916||SCAT 18-30 HP||Mono-block||4 cylinders||3563 cm³ (90 x 140)|
|1921||1921||SCAT 18-25 HP||Mono-block||4 cylinders||2120 cm³ (75 x 120)|
|1922||1922||SCAT 18-25 HP||Mono-block||4 cylinders||2220 cm³ (76 x 125)|
|1922||1922||SCAT 18-25 HP||Mono-block||6 cylinders||2218 cm³ (64 x 115)|
|1921||1921||SCAT 30-40 HP||Mono-block||4 cylinders||4712 cm³ (100 x 150)|
|1921||1921||SCAT 120 HP Corsa||Mono-block||4 cylinders||9236 cm³ (140 x 150)|
|1922||1922||SCAT 12-16 HP||Mono-block||4 cylinders||1551 cm³ (67 x 110)|
|1922||1922||SCAT 20-30 HP||Mono-block||4 cylinders||2951 cm³ (85 x 130)|
|1924||1928||SCAT Ceirano N 150
|Mono-block||4 cylinders||1458 cm³ (65 x 110)|
|1924||1931||SCAT Ceirano S 150||Mono-block||4 cylinders||1458 cm³ (65 x 110)|
|1926||1928||SCAT Ceirano 250||Mono-block||4 cylinders||2297 cm³ (75 x 130)|
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