For the historical entity see: syssel.
The Faroe Islands (; Faroese: Føroyar, pronounced [ˈfœɹjaɹ]; Danish: Færøerne, pronounced [ˈfæɐ̯øːˀɐnə]), or the Faeroe Islands, is a North Atlantic archipelago located 320 kilometres (200 mi) north-northwest of Scotland, and about halfway between Norway and Iceland. It is an autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark. Their total area is about 1,400 square kilometres (540 sq mi) with a population of 50,322 in October 2017.The terrain is rugged; the climate is subpolar oceanic climate (Cfc)—windy, wet, cloudy, and cool. Temperatures average above freezing throughout the year because of the Gulf Stream.
Between 1035 and 1814, the Faroes were part of the Hereditary Kingdom of Norway. In 1814, the Treaty of Kiel granted Denmark control over the islands, along with two other Norwegian island possessions: Greenland and Iceland. The Faroe Islands have been a self-governing country within the Kingdom of Denmark since 1948.The Faroese have control of most of their domestic affairs. Those that are the responsibility of Denmark include military defence, policing and the justice department, currency, and foreign affairs. However, as they are not part of the same customs area as Denmark, the Faroe Islands have an independent trade policy and can establish trade agreements with other states. The islands also have representation in the Nordic Council as members of the Danish delegation. The Faroe Islands also have their own national teams competing in certain sports.List of islands of the Faroe Islands
This is a list of islands of the Faroe Islands. There are 18 islands, of which Lítla Dímun is the only one uninhabited. Besides these 18 islands there are also several islets and skerries in the Faroes.List of members of the Løgting, 2008–11
List of members of the Faroese Løgting in the period 2008 to 2011. The members were elected on 19 January 2008.List of terms for administrative divisions
This is a list of English and non-English terms for administrative divisions.Politics of Iceland
The politics of Iceland take place in the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the President is the head of state, while the Prime Minister of Iceland serves as the head of government in a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the parliament, the Althingi. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.
Iceland is arguably the world's oldest assembly democracy. The Economist Intelligence Unit has rated Iceland as "full democracy" in 2016.Politics of the Faroe Islands
The politics of the Faroe Islands a "constituent country" (Danish: land) of the Kingdom of Denmark, function within the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic dependency, whereby the Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. The Faroe Islands are politically associated with the Kingdom of Denmark, but have been self-governing since 1948. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Løgting. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature and the responsibility of Denmark. As of October 25, 2007, the Faroe Islands became one electoral district.Regions of the Faroe Islands
The Faroe Islands are divided into 30 municipalities, six regions/shires (sýsla, sýslur in plural) and since 2007 there has been only one constituency, earlier there were seven constituencies. Each region has one sheriff (sýslumaður).
Eysturoyar sýsla - Eysturoy region.
Norðoyar sýsla - Norðoyar ("Northern Isles") region. (KG) Borðoy, Fugloy, Kalsoy, Kunoy, Svínoy, Viðoy.
Sandoyar sýsla - Sandoy region (SA), Sandoy, Skúvoy, Stóra Dímun.
Streymoyar sýsla - Streymoy region (TN). Streymoy, Hestur, Koltur, Nólsoy.
Suðuroyar sýsla - Suðuroy region. Lítla Dímun, Suðuroy (TG).
Vága sýsla - Vágar region. Mykines, Vágar (VA).The administrative subdivisions of the Faroe Islands are frequently changing. In the 1980s there were more than 50 municipalities. During the last past decades the number has been decreasing steadily, and more municipal-mergers can be expected within the following years. The aim of the ministry of interior is that in 2015 there will be only seven or nine municipalities in the Faroe Islands, more or less following the boundaries of the districts and constituencies. If this happens the Faroe Islands will have left the administrative structure of "parish-municipalities" which was built up in the first half of the 20th century and entered a structure of "regional-municipalities".
Furthermore, there was a long-running discussion on reducing or even removing the constituencies. In the end, from the 2008 election onwards, the constituencies were abolished.
The regions (sýsla) are not administrative parts of the islands like the municipalities (kommuna), the municipalities charge taxes from the citizens who live there. The regions cannot charge taxes from the citizens who live there. The regions are mostly used by the public churches in the registration of births, deaths, marriages, divorces, namegivings etc., but the central administration which gathers these informations from the priest and the municipalities is placed in Tórshavn, it is called Lansfólkayvirlitið, it is now a part of The Environment Agency (Umhvørvisstovan).The regions are also used regarding pilot whale huntings, the sheriff decides if a pod of pilot whales can be killed or not, the boats need to get his permission before any slaughter can take place, and in some regions he also decides to which villages the whale meat and blubber should be given to. This is the case in Suðuroy, if men from the southern part of the island participate in a whale hunt, they are not sure to get any meat at all, if the sheriff decides, that there are too few whales in order to divide it to the whole island and can decide to give it only, for example, to the northern part or to specific villages or to homes for the elderly.Sarpsborg
Sarpsborg [ˈsɑʂ.bɔr] or [ˈsɑrps.bɔrg], historically Borg, is a city and municipality in Østfold county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the city of Sarpsborg.
Sarpsborg is part of the fifth largest urban area in Norway when paired with neighbouring Fredrikstad. As of 1 January 2018, according to Statistics Norway these two municipalities have a total population of 136,127 with 55,840 in Sarpsborg and 81,278 in Fredrikstad.Borregaard Industries is, and always has been, the most important industry in the city. The city is also the home of Borg Bryggerier, part of the Hansa Borg Bryggerier, which is Norway's second largest brewery-group.Syssel
Syssel is a historical type of country subdivision in Scandinavia.
The name still can be found in the Danish district Vendsyssel and in Norway in the title: sysselmann (the highest government representative at Svalbard – also with police authority).Sysselmann
Sysselmann/Sýslumaður is a Norwegian, Faroese and Icelandic title of local government. It was used during the Middle Ages as a noble title. A sysselmann sometimes assigned fiefs to a lensmann.In Norway, the term sysselmann has been revived twice in modern times as a special form of local government. The Governor of Svalbard now holds the title, and the Governor of Erik the Red's Land held the title from 1931 to 1933.
On the Faroe Islands, the title has been in use since the Middle Ages; there are currently three sysselmann there. They are tasked as the head of the police in their district (Syssel/Sýsla), and also administer the local grindadráp.
The English version of this word is sheriff.Sýslumaður
Sýslumaður (plural form: Sýslumenn, Old Norse: Sýslumaðr) is an office or title created in Iceland and the Faroe Islands. For Iceland it happened when the country submitted to the King of Norway in 1262–1264. This sort of office had already been established in Norway, called sysselmann in contemporary Norwegian.
Sýslumaður is often translated as district commissioner, sheriff or magistrate in English.
The Sýslumaður was granted a fief called Sýsla in which he was responsible for collecting tolls, taxes and fines, upholding the law and military defences. They were also to hold courts of justice and name the men who were to sit in juries.Østfold
Østfold [²œstfɔl] (listen) is a county in southeastern Norway, bordering Akershus and southwestern Sweden (Västra Götaland County and Värmland), while Buskerud and Vestfold are on the other side of Oslofjord. The county's administrative seat is Sarpsborg.
Many manufacturing facilities are situated here, such as the world's most advanced biorefinery, Borregaard in Sarpsborg. Fredrikstad has shipyards. There are granite mines in Østfold and stone from these were used by Gustav Vigeland.
The county slogan is "The heartland of Scandinavia". The local dialect is characterized by its geographical proximity to Sweden.
Designations for types of administrative territorial entities
1 Used by ten or more countries or having derived terms. Historical derivations in italics.