Ryukyu shrew

The Ryukyu shrew (Crocidura orii), also known as Orii's shrew[2] is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is endemic to Japan. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Ryukyu shrew
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Eulipotyphla
Family: Soricidae
Genus: Crocidura
Species:
C. orii
Binomial name
Crocidura orii
Kuroda, 1924
Ryukyu Shrew area
Ryukyu Shrew range

Sources

References

  1. ^ Laginha Pinto Correia, D. (2016). "Crocidura orii". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T5590A22302169. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T5590A22302169.en. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
  2. ^ IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Asiatic water shrew

The Asiatic water shrews are the members of the genus Chimarrogale. They are mammals in the subfamily Soricinae of the family Soricidae. The genus contains the following species:

Malayan water shrew (Chimarrogale hantu)

Himalayan water shrew (Chimarrogale himalayica)

Bornean water shrew (Chimarrogale phaeura)

Japanese water shrew (Chimarrogale platycephalus)

Chinese water shrew (Chimarrogale styani)

Sumatran water shrew (Chimarrogale sumatrana)

Barren ground shrew

The barren ground shrew (Sorex ugyunak) is a small shrew found in northern Canada west of Hudson Bay and in Alaska. At one time, this species was considered to be a subspecies of the similar cinereus shrew (S. cinereus). It is similar in appearance and thought to be closely related to the Saint Lawrence Island shrew (S. jacksoni) and Pribilof Island shrew (S. pribilofensis).

It is dark brown on its back with grey-brown sides and underparts; the tail is pale brown on top and light below with a light brown tip. Its body is about 8 cm in length including a 3 cm long tail. It weighs about 4 g. This animal is found north of the tree line, in wet meadows or thickets in the tundra. It eats insects, small invertebrates and seeds.

The epithet name ugyunak is the Inuit word for "shrew".

Bicolored shrew

The bicolored shrew or bicoloured white-toothed shrew (Crocidura leucodon) is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is found in eastern, central and southern Europe and in western Asia. It is a nocturnal species and feeds on insects and other small creatures. Several litters of young are born during the warmer months of the year in a nest of dry grasses in a concealed location.

Crocidura

The genus Crocidura is one of nine genera of the shrew subfamily Crocidurinae. Members of the genus are commonly called white-toothed shrews or musk shrews, although both also apply to all of the species in the subfamily. With over 180 species, Crocidura contains the most species of any mammal genus. The name Crocidura means "woolly tail", because the tail of Crocidura species are covered in short hairs interspersed with longer ones.

Cuban solenodon

The Cuban solenodon or almiqui (Solenodon cubanus), is a species of eulipotyphlan endemic to Cuba. It belongs to the family Solenodontidae along with a similar species, the Hispaniolan solenodon (Solenodon paradoxus). The solenodon is unusual among mammals in that its saliva is venomous.

Guramba shrew

The Guramba shrew (Crocidura phaeura) is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is endemic to Ethiopia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests.

Hairy-tailed mole

The hairy-tailed mole (Parascalops breweri), also known as Brewer's mole, is a medium-sized North American mole. It is the only member of the genus Parascalops. The species epithet breweri refers to Thomas Mayo Brewer, an American naturalist.

Hodgson's brown-toothed shrew

The Hodgson's brown-toothed shrew (Episoriculus caudatus) is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is found in China, India, and Myanmar.

Lesser Ryukyu shrew

The lesser Ryukyu shrew, or Watase's shrew (Crocidura watasei) is a common species of shrews that is endemic to Japan. It is often found living in bushes and grasslands along the river banks and in shrubs of lower elevations.

Nicobar shrew

The Nicobar shrew or Nicobar white-tailed shrew (Crocidura nicobarica) is a critically endangered species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is endemic to the Great Nicobar Island of India.

Pribilof Island shrew

The Pribilof Island shrew (Sorex pribilofensis) is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is found only on Alaska's Pribilof Islands.

Roman mole

The Roman mole (Talpa romana) is a species of mammal in the family Talpidae. It is found in southern Italy. (It was last recorded on Sicily in 1885. There is also an unconfirmed report about an isolated subpopulation in the Var region of southern France.)

Soricomorpha

Soricomorpha ("shrew-form") is a formerly used taxon within the class of mammals. In the past it formed a significant group within the former order Insectivora. However, Insectivora was shown to be polyphyletic and various new orders were split off from it, including Afrosoricida (tenrecs and golden moles), Macroscelidea (elephant shrews), and Erinaceomorpha (hedgehogs and gymnures), with the four remaining extant and recent families of Soricomorpha shown here then being treated as a separate order. Insectivora was left empty and disbanded.Subsequently, Soricomorpha itself was shown to be paraphyletic, because Soricidae shared a more recent common ancestor with Erinaceidae than with other soricomorphs. The combination of Soricomorpha and Erinaceidae, referred to as order Eulipotyphla, has been shown to be monophyletic.Living members of the group range in size from the Etruscan shrew, at about 3.5 cm and 2 grams, to the Cuban solenodon, at about 32 cm and 1 kg.

Soricomorpha

Family Soricidae (shrews)

Subfamily Crocidurinae: (white-toothed shrews)

Subfamily Soricinae: (red-toothed shrews)

Subfamily Myosoricinae: (African white-toothed shrews)

Family Talpidae: (moles and close relatives)

Subfamily Scalopinae (New World moles and close relatives)

Subfamily Talpinae (Old World moles and close relatives)

Subfamily Uropsilinae (Chinese shrew-like moles)

Family Solenodontidae: solenodons (rare primitive eulipotyphlans of the Caribbean; two extant species)

Family † Nesophontidae: West Indian shrews (recently extinct eulipotyphlans of the Caribbean)

Family † Heterosoricidae

genus †Atasorex

genus †Dinosorex

genus †Domnina

genus †Gobisorex

genus †Heterosorex

genus †Ingentisorex

genus †Lusorex

genus †Paradomnina

genus †Quercysorex

Family † Nyctitheriidae

genus †Nyctitherium

genus †Ceutholestes

genus †Leptacodon

genus †Limaconyssus

genus †Yuanqulestes

genus †Paradoxonycteris

genus †Plagioctenoides

genus †Darbonetus

genus †Asionyctia

genus †Bayanulanius

genus †Edzenius

genus †Oedolius

genus †Eosoricodon

genus †Cryptotopos

genus †Euronyctia

genus †Oligonyctia

genus †Plagioctenodon

genus †Saturninia

genus †Scraeva

genus †Sigenyctia

genus †Placentidens

genus †Wyonycteris

genus †Bumbanius

genus †Praolestes

genus †Talpilestes

genus †Nyctilestes

São Tomé shrew

The São Tomé shrew (Crocidura thomensis) is a white-toothed shrew about 3.0 in (7.6 cm) long found only on São Tomé Island, São Tomé and Príncipe. It is listed as a critically endangered species due to habitat loss and a restricted range. It was discovered in 1886. The population continues to decrease, making these animals rare. It is found only on São Tomé Island, a small island that is actually a shield volcano that rises out of the Atlantic Ocean.

Turbo shrew

The turbo shrew (Crocidura turba) is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is found in Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest.

White-tailed mole

The white-tailed mole (Parascaptor leucura) is a species of mammal in the family Talpidae. It is found in Bangladesh, China, India, and Myanmar.

It is the only species in the genus Parascaptor.

White-toothed shrew

The white-toothed shrews or Crocidurinae are one of three subfamilies of the shrew family Soricidae.

The outer layer of these shrews' teeth is white, unlike that of the red-toothed shrews. These species are typically found in Africa and southern Europe and Asia. This subfamily includes the largest shrew, the Asian house shrew (Suncus murinus), at about 15 cm in length, and the smallest, the Etruscan shrew (Suncus etruscus), at about 3.5 cm in length and 2 grams in weight. Shrews are possibly the world's smallest extant mammal (although some give this title to the bumblebee bat). Crocidura contains the most species of any mammal genus.

When young must be moved before they are independent, mother and young form a chain or "caravan" where each animal hangs on to the rear of the one in front. This behaviour has also been observed in some Sorex species.

Wimmer's shrew

Wimmer's shrew (Crocidura wimmeri) is a white-toothed shrew found only in Côte d'Ivoire. It is listed as a critically endangered species due to habitat loss and a restricted range.

Extant species of Soricomorpha

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