Ruy Barbosa

Ruy Barbosa de Oliveira (5 November 1849 – 1 March 1923) was a Brazilian polymath, diplomat, writer, jurist, and politician.

Born in Salvador, Bahia, he was a federal representative, senator, Minister of Finance and diplomat. For his distinguished participation in the 2nd Hague Conference, defending the principle of equality among nations, he earned the nickname "Eagle of the Hague". He ran unsuccessfully for the Presidency of Brazil in 1910, 1914 and in 1919.

Rui Barbosa gave his first public speech for the abolition of slavery when he was 19. For the rest of his life he remained an uncompromising defender of civil liberties. Slavery in Brazil was finally abolished by the Lei Áurea ("Golden Law") in 1888. Part of Barbosa's legacy to history is that he authorised, as minister of finance on 14 December 1890, the destruction of most government records relating to slavery.[1] The avowed reason for this destruction, which took several years to be enacted and was followed by his successors, was to erase the "stain" of slavery on Brazilian history.[2] However, historians today agree that Barbosa aimed to prevent any possible indemnization of the former slave-owners for this liberation.[2] Indeed, eleven days after the abolition of slavery, a law project was deposed at the Chamber, proposing some indemnization to the slave owners.[2]

Barbosa's liberal ideas were influential in drafting of the first republican constitution. He was a supporter of fiat money, as opposed to a gold standard, in Brazil. During his term as finance secretary, he implemented far-reaching reforms of Brazil's financial regime, instituting a vigorously expansionist monetary policy. The result was chaos and instability: the so-called fiat experiment resulted in the bubble of encilhamento, a dismal politic-economic failure. Due to his controversial role during it, in the following administration of Floriano Peixoto, he was forced into exile until Floriano's term ended. Years later, after his return he was elected as a Senator. He headed the Brazilian delegation to the 2nd Hague Conference and was brilliant in its deliberations. As candidate of the Civilian Party in the presidential election of 1910, Barbosa waged one of the most memorable campaigns in Brazilian politics. He was not successful and lost to Marshal Hermes da Fonseca. He ran again in the elections of 1914 and 1919, both times losing to the government candidate.

During World War I, he played a key role among those who advocated the Allied cause, arguing that Brazil should be more involved in the war. Barbosa died in Petrópolis, near Rio de Janeiro, in 1923.[3]

Ruy Barbosa
Ruy Barbosa 1907
Ruy Barbosa in 1907
Senator for Bahia
In office
15 November 1890 – 1 March 1923
Minister of Finance
In office
15 November 1889 – 21 January 1891
PresidentDeodoro da Fonseca
Preceded byViscount of Ouro Preto
Succeeded byTristão de Alencar Araripe
Minister of Justice
In office
15 November 1889 – 18 November 1889
PresidentDeodoro da Fonseca
Preceded byCândido de Oliveira
Succeeded byCampos Sales
Personal details
Born5 November 1849
Salvador, Bahia, Empire of Brazil
Died1 March 1923 (aged 73)
Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro, First Brazilian Republic
Spouse(s)Maria Augusta Viana Bandeira
Alma materFaculty of Law of Recife
Faculty of Law of Largo de São Francisco

See also


  1. ^ "Population, Citizenship and Human Rights in Brazil: Elements for a System of Indicators", Conference (paper), International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP), 2005, retrieved March 2007 Check date values in: |accessdate= (help).
  2. ^ a b c van Deursen, Felipe, Escravos: povo marcado, Aventuras na História (in Portuguese), BR: Abril.
  3. ^ Cardim, Carlos Henrique (2007) A raiz das coisas. Rui Barbosa: o Brasil no Mundo (The root of things. Rui Barbosa: Brazil in the World) ‹See Tfd›(in Portuguese) Civilização Brasileira. ISBN 9788520008355. pp. 15, 19, 22.


  • Turner, CW (2005) [1945], Rui Barbosa: Brazilian crusader for the essential freedoms, New York: Kessinger Publishing, ISBN 1-419-10424-1, originally by Abingdon-Cokesbury Press.

External links

Academic offices
Evaristo da Veiga
1st Academic of the 10th chair of the
Brazilian Academy of Letters

28 January 1897–1 March 1923
Succeeded by
Laudelino Freire
Preceded by
Machado de Assis
President of the Brazilian Academy of Letters
3 December 1908–15 May 1919
Succeeded by
Domício da Gama
45th International Emmy Awards

The 45th International Emmy Awards took place in November 20, 2017 at the Hilton Hotel in New York City. The ceremony was hosted by Iranian-American comedian-actor Maz Jobrani.Aasif Mandvi, Melissa Villaseñor, Larry King, Italia Ricci, Tom Cullen, Kevin McKidd, Margot Bingham, Carmen Aub, Rodrigo Santoro, Helene Yorke, Freddy Rodriguez, Marina Ruy Barbosa, Renato Góes, Les Twins and Sebastian Koch served as award presenters.The Directorate Award and 11 Emmy statues were presented by the International Academy during the evening.

Amor à Vida

Amor à Vida (English: Trail of Lies) is a Brazilian telenovela created by Walcyr Carrasco. It premiered on 20 May 2013 on Rede Globo in the 9 pm timeslot and ended on 31 January 2014. It is directed by Wolf Maya and Mauro Mendonça Filho.Starring Paolla Oliveira, Malvino Salvador, Mateus Solano, Vanessa Giácomo, Susana Vieira, Antônio Fagundes, Juliano Cazarré, Elizabeth Savalla, Barbara Paz, José Wilker among others.

André de Witte

André de Witte (born 31 December 1944) is a Roman Catholic bishop, originally from Belgium. He has served as the Bishop of Ruy Barbosa in northeastern Brazil since 1994.

Deus Salve o Rei

Deus Salve o Rei (English: God Save the King) is a Brazilian telenovela produced and broadcast by Rede Globo. It premiered on 9 January 2018, replacing Pega Pega, and ended on 30 July 2018. Created by Daniel Adjafre, it has artistic direction by Fabrício Mamberti.

It stars Marina Ruy Barbosa, Bruna Marquezine, Rômulo Estrela, Ricardo Pereira, Johnny Massaro, Caio Blat, José Fidalgo, Tatá Werneck, and Special Participations Rosamaria Murtinho, Marco Nanini.


Império Portuguese pronunciation: [ĩˈpɛɾju] (English: Empire) is a Brazilian primetime telenovela produced and broadcast by Rede Globo. It premiered on 21 July 2014, replacing Em Família and ended on 13 March 2015 replaced by Babilônia.It was created by Aguinaldo Silva and starred Alexandre Nero, Lília Cabral, Leandra Leal, Caio Blat, Andreia Horta, Daniel Rocha, Nanda Costa, Ailton Graça, Zezé Polessa, Tato Gabus Mendes, Letícia Birkheuer, Maria Ribeiro, Klebber Toledo, Marina Ruy Barbosa, Rafael Cardoso, José Mayer, Marjorie Estiano and Drica Moraes.

Daily, the telenovela was watched by 30 million viewers per minute, number greater than NFL games on American television. Weekly, the accumulated number of viewers reached 100 million.In November 2015, Império was prized as Best telenovela in the 43rd International Emmy Awards.

Itapagipe Peninsula

The Itapagipe Peninsula (Portuguese: [itapaˈʒipi]) is a peninsula located in the city of Salvador, capital of the Brazilian state of Bahia. The peninsula comprises Administrative Region III, including the neighborhoods of Alagados, Boa Viagem beach, Bonfim, Monte Serrat, Ribeira, Uruguai, Mares, Roma, Caminho de Areia, Vila Ruy Barbosa, and Massaranduba, among others. Rua Fernandes Viêira and Avenida Afrânio Peixoto roughly form a boundary between the peninsula and the city of Salvador. The Church of Our Lady of Penha (Portuguese: Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Penha), one of the earliest structures, occupies the northern tip of the peninsula.

List of Rede Globo telenovelas

Rede Globo is a Brazilian television network that is owned by the media conglomerate Grupo Globo (formerly known as Organizações Globo), it was founded on April 26, 1965 by Roberto Marinho (1904–2003). Ilusões Perdidas was the first telenovela produced by the network.

Indicates the winner of the Troféu Imprensa for Best Telenovela.

Marina Ruy Barbosa

Marina Souza Ruy Barbosa Negrão (born June 30, 1995) is a Brazilian actress. She started off her career as a child actress; her first major role was in the telenovela Começar de Novo. In 2006, she portrayed a prominent character in Silvio de Abreu's Belíssima. She later appeared in Sete Pecados (2007), Escrito nas Estrelas (2010), Morde & Assopra (2011), and Amor à Vida, interpreting Nicole, a young orphan and millionaire who gets cancer, Hodgkin's lymphoma type 4.In her adult career, she gained great prominence in the telenovela Império, playing the nymphet Maria Isis, thus winning the Contigo Television Awards for Best Supporting Actress. In 2015, she starred in Totalmente Demais — a show that earned an International Emmy for best telenovela.

Barbosa has become a style reference, being a constant presence in the lists of the most elegant women in Brazil. Her red hair is considered her trademark.She is in big demand to make advertising campaigns, especially in the fashion and beauty segments. She was the celebrity with the second most appearances in commercials aired on broadcast television in Brazil between May and July 2015, and was named one of the Top 25 Celebrities of Brazil in 2015, according to Forbes magazine, the Brazilian edition. In 2015 she was the ninth Brazilian celebrity to appear the most in television ads, according to the ranking of the Competition Control, which monitors the advertising market.Barbosa social media following is also massive, especially on Instagram, where she has more than 30 million followers.She is currently married to Alexandre Sarnes Negrão since 7 October 2017.

Meu Pedacinho de Chão

Meu Pedacinho de Chão (English: My Little Piece of Ground) is a Brazilian telenovela written by Benedito Ruy Barbosa and directed by Luiz Fernando Carvalho produced and broadcast by Rede Globo. It aired from April 7 to August 1, 2014. Based on the 1971 telenovela of the same name created by Benedito Ruy Barbosa.It starred Bruna Linzmeyer, Irandhir Santos, Johnny Massaro, Bruno Fagundes, Rodrigo Lombardi, Juliana Paes, Osmar Prado, Antônio Fagundes, Geytsa Garcia and Tomás Sampaio.

O Rei do Gado

O Rei do Gado (English: King of Cattle) is a Brazilian telenovela written by Benedito Ruy Barbosa and directed by Luiz Fernando Carvalho that was produced and broadcast on Rede Globo, from 17 June 1996 to 15 February 1997, totaling 209 episodes and 130 in the original version of the SIC in Portugal.

O Tico-Tico

O Tico-Tico was a weekly Brazilian children's magazine, published between 1905 and 1977. It was the first magazine to publish comics in Brazil. It also featured stories and educational activities. Among its famous readers were Erico Verissimo, Lygia Fagundes Telles, Ruy Barbosa and Carlos Drummond de Andrade.

Pantanal (TV series)

Pantanal is a Brazilian telenovela which originally aired from March 27, 1990 to December 10, 1990 at 9 P.M. on Rede Manchete. SBT re-aired the telenovela from June 9, 2008 to January 13, 2009. It was set on the Pantanal region.

Pantanal is one of the best known ecological or environmental telenovela, a small sub-category of the genre whose purpose is to dramatize, and hence raise audience awareness of environmental degradation. It was written by Benedito Ruy Barbosa and directed by Jayme Monjardim, Carlos Magalhães, Marcelo de Barreto, and Roberto Naar.

Presidential elections in Brazil

Direct presidential elections are held in Brazil as part of the general elections every four years, typically in October. The current electoral law provides for a two-round system in which a candidate must receive more than 50% of the vote to win in the first round; if no candidate passes the 50% threshold, a run-off is held between the top two candidates. Every candidate has a running mate who disputes the post of vice-president; prior to 1966, the vice-president was elected separately.

The country has held presidential elections since 1891, spanning over a period of several different republican governments and national constitutions.

This list shows the winner of the elections and the runner-up.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Ruy Barbosa

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Ruy Barbosa (Latin: Dioecesis Ruibarbosensis) is a diocese located in the city of Ruy Barbosa, Bahia in the Ecclesiastical province of Feira de Santana in Brazil.

Ruy Barbosa, Bahia

Ruy Barbosa, Bahia is a municipality in the state of Bahia in the North-East region of Brazil. Ruy barbosa had a population of 29,869 as of 2010.

Ruy Barbosa, Rio Grande do Norte

Ruy Barbosa is a municipality in the state of Rio Grande do Norte in the Northeast region of Brazil.

Ruy Barbosa Popolizio

Ruy Barbosa Popolizio (December 2, 1919 – June 8, 2014) was a Chilean businessman, politician, and oenologist. Barbosa served as the Minister of Agriculture from September 26, 1963, until November 3, 1964, as well as the Minister of National Assets briefly from September to November 1963. He later became the dean of the University of Chile from 1968 until 1969.Barbosa Popolizio died in Santiago, Chile, on June 8, 2014, at the age of 94.

Totalmente Demais

Totalmente Demais (English title: Total Dreamer) is a Brazilian telenovela produced and broadcast by Rede Globo. It premiered on 9 November 2015 at the 7 pm timeslot, replacing I Love Paraisópolis and ended on 30 May 2016 hence, followed by Haja Coração.It is loosely based on the play Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw in 1913, Totalmente Demais is written by Rosane Svartman and Paulo Halm in collaboration with Mário Viana, Claudia Sardinha, Fabrício Santiago and Felipe Cabral. The show is directed by Luiz Henrique Rios.It stars Marina Ruy Barbosa, Felipe Simas, Fabio Assunção, Juliana Paes, Juliana Paiva, Humberto Martins,

Vivianne Pasmanter and Daniel Rocha.In September 2017 Totalmente Demais was nominated in the 45th International Emmy Awards for best telenovela.

Velho Chico

Velho Chico (English title: Old River) is a Brazilian telenovela (Internationally a Super Series) produced and broadcast by Rede Globo that premiered on 14 March 2016, replacing A Regra do Jogo and ended on 30 September 2016, being followed by A Lei do Amor.

Created by Benedito Ruy Barbosa and Edmara Barbosa and written by Benedito Ruy Barbosa, Bruno Luperi and Luis Alberto de Abreu. Artistic direction by Luiz Fernando Carvalho. Directed by Carlos Araújo, Gustavo Fernandez, Antônio Karnewale, Philipe Barcinski and Luiz Fernando Carvalho.Initially conceived to be a 6 pm telenovela, set to premiere in August 2016, after Êta Mundo Bom!; it was released earlier as a 9 pm telenovela. With a two distinct phases, the telenovela had a total of 172 episodes in original run. Velho Chico faced unprecedented problems during production; with Umberto Magnani and Domingos Montagner dying. With Montagner's death, who was the lead actor, on 15 September 2016, two weeks before the finale, production became uncertain but was resumed and had its end as scheduled.

The first phase features performances by Rodrigo Santoro, Carol Castro, Julia Dalavia, Renato Góes, Selma Egrei, Tarcísio Meira, Rodrigo Lombardi, Fabiula Nascimento, Chico Díaz and Cyria Coentro.

While the second phase features Antonio Fagundes, Christiane Torloni, Camila Pitanga, Domingos Montagner, Marcos Palmeira, Selma Egrei, Dira Paes, Irandhir Santos, Gabriel Leone, Giullia Buscacio and Lucy Alves.

The telenovela attracted moderate viewership but still considered low. Velho Chico received a nomination from the International Emmy Award for Best Telenovela in 2017.

Patrons and members of the Brazilian Academy of Letters
1 to 10
11 to 20
21 to 30
31 to 40

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